Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto--Danforth
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 106,875 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,017 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.7 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,352 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,136 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,411.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.75 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 106,875 52,320 54,555 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 16,730 8,650 8,080 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,470 3,440 3,035 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,720 2,935 2,785 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,535 2,270 2,265 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 75,405 36,935 38,465 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 4,515 2,345 2,170 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 5,430 2,750 2,680 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,420 3,570 3,845 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 9,345 4,460 4,885 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 9,820 4,695 5,125 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 8,950 4,490 4,455 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,395 4,125 4,275 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,435 4,250 4,185 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,145 3,445 3,695 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,950 2,800 3,150 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 14,745 6,735 8,005 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,100 2,485 2,615 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,260 1,555 1,705 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,500 1,125 1,380 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,925 845 1,075 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,965 730 1,230 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,280 525 755 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 515 165 345 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 150 35 115 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.5 14.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 70.6 70.6 70.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 13.8 12.9 14.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.4 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.3 39.5 41.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.7 40.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,135 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,415 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,735 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 27,985 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,175 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,915 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,690 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,965 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 230 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,135 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 16,060 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 14,185 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,170 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 5,975 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,745 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,325 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,145 43,675 46,470 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 47,150 23,845 23,310 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 36,705 18,365 18,345 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,450 5,480 4,970 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 42,995 19,830 23,160 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 30,085 15,405 14,685 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,565 1,055 1,515 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,335 2,490 3,845 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,000 885 3,120 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,320 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 14,125 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,760 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,755 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,685 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,320 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 22,905 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 17,685 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,225 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,415 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,415 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,905 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 10,705 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 12,205 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,215 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 5,415 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,565 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,415 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,415 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,540 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 455 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,895 11,675 13,225 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,135 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,595 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,075 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,520 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 835 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,710 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 16,060 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,650 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 105,885 51,755 54,135 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 85,940 43,210 42,730 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 90 45 45 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 14,625 6,335 8,290 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,235 2,160 3,065 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 105,890 51,755 54,135 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 97,885 48,275 49,615 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,210 1,060 1,155 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 600 280 325 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,190 2,140 3,050 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,515 1,200 1,310 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.3 2.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 105,885 51,755 54,135 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 102,830 50,205 52,625 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 70,790 35,335 35,455 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 68,695 34,335 34,360 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,095 1,000 1,100 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 32,035 14,870 17,165 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 5 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 5 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,010 14,865 17,145 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,015 520 490 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 135 60 70 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 120 55 70 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 875 455 415 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 210 95 120 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 420 250 170 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 35 20 15 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 70 40 25 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 15 10 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 115 35 80 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 900 415 490 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 870 400 470 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,455 515 940 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 50 15 40 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 60 25 40 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 35 15 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,255 445 810 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 30 15 20 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 230 125 105 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 10 5 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 15 10 10 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 170 95 80 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 25 15 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 16,360 7,840 8,520 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 550 260 295 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 40 20 20 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,335 1,490 1,845 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 115 50 75 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 85 40 50 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 5 25 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,215 1,440 1,770 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 30 15 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 390 175 215 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 140 60 80 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 105 50 55 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 450 215 235 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 405 175 230 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 490 205 285 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 825 405 415 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 35 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 75 30 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 180 50 125 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 940 455 480 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 15 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 170 90 85 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 645 310 335 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 35 15 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 15 5 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 4,715 2,295 2,415 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,195 1,660 1,535 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,545 1,305 1,240 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 290 135 155 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 685 350 335 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 285 150 135 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 25 20 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 25 15 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 145 150 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 20 10 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 845 445 400 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 625 340 290 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 20 15 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 135 75 65 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 470 250 225 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,560 1,650 1,915 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 1,170 555 615 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 685 315 365 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 190 80 105 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,515 690 825 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 440 130 310 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 365 145 220 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 210 105 110 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 30 15 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 10 5 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 70 35 35 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 5 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 25 15 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 10 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,135 4,665 5,470 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 9,975 4,585 5,390 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 6,625 3,065 3,555 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 90 35 55 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,455 1,110 1,350 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 35 20 15 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 375 180 190 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 325 150 180 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 75 85 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 70 30 45 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 45 20 20 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 70 20 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 15 10 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 55 15 35 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 300 170 130 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 280 160 120 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 430 175 260 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 125 50 75 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 80 25 50 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 230 95 135 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,060 1,550 1,510 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 465 245 220 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,395 1,205 1,185 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 100 45 55 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 105,885 51,755 54,135 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 100,080 48,930 51,155 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 82,895 40,920 41,980 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 81,955 40,485 41,470 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 945 435 510 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 17,185 8,010 9,175 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,175 8,005 9,170 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 440 210 230 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 65 30 35 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 60 25 35 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 375 180 195 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 105 50 60 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 145 80 65 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 25 15 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 15 10 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 70 25 45 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 585 270 320 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 575 265 310 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 595 220 375 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 20 10 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 535 200 340 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 10 5 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 120 60 60 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 100 55 50 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 15 5 10 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 7,500 3,545 3,960 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 305 145 160 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 0 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 645 755 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 25 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 25 5 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,370 635 735 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 230 105 125 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 35 15 20 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 190 85 105 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 65 30 35 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 195 85 110 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 515 250 270 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 30 15 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 20 0 20 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 5 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 115 60 55 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 10 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 95 50 50 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 2,645 1,260 1,385 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,670 840 835 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,365 680 690 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 135 65 75 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 405 195 205 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 120 65 55 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 10 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 10 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 80 80 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 505 255 255 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 300 160 140 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 10 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 90 45 40 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 200 105 100 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,355 590 760 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 425 180 250 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 270 125 145 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 60 30 35 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 590 260 330 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 185 60 125 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 150 70 85 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 80 40 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 40 20 20 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 15 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,385 3,830 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 7,110 3,330 3,775 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 4,655 2,150 2,505 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 30 15 20 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,960 950 1,010 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 15 10 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 215 105 105 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 90 110 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 55 55 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 50 25 35 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 25 15 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 5 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 150 85 65 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 145 80 65 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 90 30 60 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 45 15 30 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 35 15 20 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 5,805 2,830 2,980 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 360 180 180 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,285 2,575 2,710 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 45 25 25 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 115 50 65 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 105,890 51,755 54,135 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 87,020 42,855 44,170 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 5,855 2,830 3,030 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,100 935 1,165 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,515 4,960 5,555 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 15 25 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,470 4,940 5,530 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 40 25 10 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 155 70 80 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 205 80 120 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,710 42,925 45,785 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,625 41,350 44,275 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,056 37,640 32,902 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,630 41,350 44,280 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,014 33,900 30,244 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,680 36,470 38,210 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,718 42,064 35,652 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,170 26,360 32,805 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,375 1,070 3,834 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,655 32,140 32,515 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,801 44,710 39,402 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,800 43,020 45,780 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,705 41,500 44,205 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,560 60,651 48,842 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,715 41,500 44,210 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,729 47,498 40,191 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,720 36,635 38,080 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,311 64,480 50,415 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,225 26,340 32,880 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,652 5,879 7,272 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,675 32,205 32,470 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,807 65,695 51,976 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,800 43,020 45,780 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,810 17,330 15,480 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,015 69,893 61,204 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 82,384 90,147 73,693 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 93.9 89.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.4 83.7 78.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 6.1 11.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,710 42,925 45,785 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,085 1,575 1,515 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 85,620 41,350 44,275 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.3 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,830 6,280 6,545 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 15,875 7,200 8,675 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,195 4,530 5,665 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 7,460 3,430 4,025 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 6,590 3,030 3,565 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,455 2,435 3,015 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,630 2,170 2,460 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,975 1,940 2,035 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,495 1,750 1,745 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,185 1,585 1,600 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 11,945 6,990 4,950 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 7,185 3,955 3,230 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,760 3,040 1,720 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,710 42,925 45,785 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,075 1,575 1,505 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 85,635 41,350 44,280 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.3 96.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,025 6,385 6,640 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 16,430 7,470 8,955 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 11,575 5,170 6,410 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 8,930 4,180 4,755 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 7,760 3,480 4,285 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375 2,970 3,405 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,130 2,540 2,590 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,555 2,320 2,240 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,845 6,845 5,000 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,440 1,735 1,710 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,170 940 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 6,295 3,945 2,350 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,710 42,925 45,785 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 24,050 10,785 13,265 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 64,660 32,140 32,515 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.9 74.9 71.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,315 3,475 3,835 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,640 2,190 2,455 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 7,965 3,840 4,125 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 5,980 2,815 3,160 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,385 2,540 2,840 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,260 2,425 2,835 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,330 1,995 2,340 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,920 1,875 2,045 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 1,695 1,725 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 16,445 9,290 7,155 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,080 1,560 1,525 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,020 1,500 1,525 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 10,340 6,235 4,110 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,135 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,226 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,149 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,060 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,027 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,784 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,075 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,909 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,019 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,150 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 101,323 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,217 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,050 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,866 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,367 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,100 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,233 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,470 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 985 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 955 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,685 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,700 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,035 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,810 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,860 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,755 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,600 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,960 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,715 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,215 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,030 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,765 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,965 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,370 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,390 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,135 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,035 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 945 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,720 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,810 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,210 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,060 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,090 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,090 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,995 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,905 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,515 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,105 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,440 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,065 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,420 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,095 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,245 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,080 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,155 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,588 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,058 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,890 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,645 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,459 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,215 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,413 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,467 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,045 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,456 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,144 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,115 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,289 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,654 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,840 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 125,433 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,366 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,250 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 161,838 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,086 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,995 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,433 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,220 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,190 10,565 11,625 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,530 29,708 31,151 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,086 27,238 28,800 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,210 10,600 11,605 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,616 45,687 45,552 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,555 37,481 37,622 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,325 51,505 53,825 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 48,440 23,170 25,270 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,815 6,675 7,135 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,150 5,185 5,960 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 8,490 4,040 4,445 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 7,495 3,645 3,850 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 7,495 3,625 3,875 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 56,880 28,330 28,550 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 7,785 3,770 4,015 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 8,345 4,055 4,285 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 9,650 4,750 4,905 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 12,210 6,050 6,160 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 18,890 9,705 9,190 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,325 51,500 53,825 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 19,195 9,900 9,295 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,630 4,020 3,615 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 72,070 35,155 36,915 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 14,060 6,450 7,615 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,490 8,700 9,790 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,440 1,760 1,680 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,060 560 500 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,775 5,545 6,230 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,275 1,400 1,875 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.6 16.9 18.2 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.9 17.8 18.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.3 15.8 16.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 23.3 21.7 24.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,475 7,915 8,560 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,765 1,415 1,355 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 865 460 405 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 11,420 5,540 5,880 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,295 965 1,325 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.6 15.4 15.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.3 14.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.4 11.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.8 15.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 16.3 15.0 17.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 105,395 51,595 53,800 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 100,340 49,540 50,805 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 100,245 49,500 50,745 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 14,570 6,425 8,140 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 40,535 19,400 21,135 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 80 35 45 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 70 35 35 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 25 30 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 50 25 30 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,450 19,365 21,085 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,490 780 705 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 255 125 130 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 240 120 120 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,245 670 580 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 240 105 140 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 625 375 250 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 30 20 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 225 105 120 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 50 25 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 130 55 75 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,290 620 670 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,225 595 630 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,810 645 1,165 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 55 20 40 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 0 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 110 45 70 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 90 25 65 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,680 610 1,070 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 105 45 55 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 25 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 450 260 190 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 50 35 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 40 20 20 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 335 190 150 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 45 20 25 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 22,625 10,920 11,700 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 635 320 315 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 65 20 45 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,795 1,700 2,095 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 105 25 75 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 65 25 40 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 0 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,705 1,670 2,030 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 120 50 70 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 405 165 240 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 265 105 160 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 95 40 55 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 520 230 295 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 465 220 250 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 735 340 395 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,030 495 540 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 125 55 70 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 90 50 40 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 15 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 270 95 170 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 90 50 40 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,845 915 935 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 40 20 15 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 50 25 30 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 230 115 120 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,425 700 725 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 40 20 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 75 40 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 6,175 3,125 3,050 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 4,445 2,295 2,155 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,660 1,850 1,810 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 445 215 235 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 940 490 450 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,035 560 475 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 35 25 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 85 45 40 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 115 50 65 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 555 290 265 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 55 30 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 30 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,320 675 645 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 790 420 365 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 10 0 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 195 100 90 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 635 350 285 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,585 2,985 3,600 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,940 905 1,030 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 955 465 490 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 245 135 105 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,805 1,650 2,155 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 680 270 410 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 455 190 260 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 400 180 215 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 20 0 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 25 10 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 215 100 120 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 20 15 10 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 160 50 115 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 115 40 75 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 10 40 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,505 5,635 5,865 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 11,270 5,500 5,770 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 8,030 3,920 4,115 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 95 45 55 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 3,920 1,880 2,035 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 20 15 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 315 145 170 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 40 45 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 270 115 150 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 170 125 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 185 90 90 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 70 50 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 55 30 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 35 20 15 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 70 25 45 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 305 185 125 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 40 15 25 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 280 180 110 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 425 200 230 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 100 55 45 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 70 20 55 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 250 120 130 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 105,395 51,590 53,805 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 97,320 47,700 49,620 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,715 9,575 9,135 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,610 38,125 40,485 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,075 3,890 4,180 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 105,395 51,595 53,805 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 70,685 35,280 35,405 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 32,940 15,420 17,520 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 12,065 5,850 6,215 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,950 2,375 2,575 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,500 2,840 3,665 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 6,170 2,800 3,370 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,140 1,430 1,710 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 3,030 1,370 1,660 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,255 1,555 1,700 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,765 895 875 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 32,945 15,425 17,520 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,060 1,515 1,545 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,485 2,815 2,665 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 7,550 3,335 4,210 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 13,930 6,540 7,390 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,920 1,215 1,705 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 32,940 15,425 17,520 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,990 2,215 2,775 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 125 60 65 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 195 65 125 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 75 35 40 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 480 180 300 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 35 25 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 635 290 340 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 230 120 110 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 85 35 55 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 490 215 275 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,520 725 795 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,120 460 660 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 11,305 5,435 5,870 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 345 165 180 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 170 85 85 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 225 95 125 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 380 170 205 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 3,230 1,595 1,630 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 95 30 65 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 395 200 190 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 785 380 395 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 130 70 60 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 295 145 145 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 365 185 185 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 210 115 90 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 235 95 145 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 365 190 175 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 160 35 130 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,280 1,120 1,160 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,650 760 890 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,435 660 775 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 110 50 60 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 240 95 140 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 95 50 45 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 40 15 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 50 20 30 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 130 65 65 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 185 75 105 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 585 280 305 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 14,900 6,925 7,970 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 190 105 85 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 270 135 135 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,500 2,485 3,010 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 940 445 500 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,300 655 650 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 350 185 165 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 40 20 20 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 250 65 185 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 295 110 180 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 80 50 35 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 650 335 315 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,710 660 1,050 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 230 120 110 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 35 10 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 135 60 75 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,535 740 795 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,380 725 655 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 315 180 130 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,250 1,550 1,700 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 670 295 375 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 25 15 20 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 35 20 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 10 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 50 20 25 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 80 35 45 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 285 125 165 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 60 30 30 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 120 45 75 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 780 405 370 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 45 20 30 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 25 10 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 60 45 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 0 0 0 2,425