Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vaughan--Woodbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaughan--Woodbridge
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Vaughan--Woodbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Vaughan--Woodbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 105,228  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 32,403  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,318.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 79.84  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 105,225 51,490 53,740 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,340 9,430 8,910 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,635 2,365 2,270 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,300 3,295 2,995 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 7,410 3,765 3,645 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 69,485 33,760 35,730 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 7,335 3,725 3,610 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 6,880 3,595 3,290 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 5,740 2,875 2,865 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 5,320 2,585 2,735 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 5,980 2,730 3,250 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,990 3,760 4,230 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,095 4,395 4,700 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,515 4,170 4,345 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,065 3,380 3,685 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,565 2,540 3,020 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 17,400 8,305 9,095 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,605 2,625 2,985 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,940 1,945 1,995 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,550 1,755 1,790 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,370 1,180 1,190 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,930 795 1,140 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,270 560 710 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 530 190 335 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 110 35 80 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.3 16.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.0 65.6 66.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.5 16.1 16.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.5 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.8 41.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.0 41.2 42.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 22,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 8,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 104,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 86,885 42,060 44,825 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 53,425 26,650 26,775 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 51,150 25,515 25,635 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 2,270 1,135 1,140 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 33,465 15,415 18,050 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 24,105 12,750 11,355 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,685 660 1,025 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 2,935 1,090 1,845 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,735 910 3,825 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 26,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 25,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 8,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 17,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 8,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 7,905 3,025 4,880 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 26,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,740 51,340 53,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 94,990 47,685 47,300 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 50 20 30 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 5,170 1,935 3,230 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 4,535 1,695 2,840 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,740 51,340 53,400 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 99,095 49,120 49,975 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 535 250 290 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 615 305 315 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 4,495 1,670 2,830 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 845 400 445 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.8 0.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,745 51,340 53,405 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 100,250 49,185 51,065 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 48,595 24,735 23,860 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 48,155 24,525 23,630 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 445 210 230 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 51,650 24,450 27,205 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,650 24,445 27,200 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,745 1,365 1,380 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 50 25 25 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 45 20 20 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,695 1,340 1,360 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 30 10 15 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,175 595 575 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 905 435 465 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 345 170 175 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 40 20 20 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 120 60 60 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 30 10 15 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,050 915 1,135 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 45 45 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,955 870 1,085 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,025 380 645 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 30 15 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 35 15 20 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 30 10 20 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 910 325 580 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 10 5 5 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,185 590 595 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 10 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 140 70 70 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,005 495 505 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 25 15 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 40,490 19,220 21,275 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 400 190 205 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 155 70 80 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,365 1,565 1,805 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 35 15 15 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 10 5 5 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 25 10 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,335 1,550 1,780 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 30 15 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 115 50 60 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 365 180 185 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 30 10 25 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 170 75 95 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 610 275 335 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,480 710 765 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 160 80 75 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 30 10 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 40 60 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 210 85 125 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 280 130 150 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 0 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 10 5 0 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 55 25 30 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 200 95 100 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 0 0 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 590 265 325 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 6,300 3,105 3,200 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 4,805 2,355 2,450 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 120 60 60 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 635 300 340 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 530 275 260 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 10 15 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 0 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,670 1,315 1,355 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 20 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 720 350 370 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,480 740 735 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 120 65 55 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 50 20 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,305 660 645 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 29,390 13,880 15,510 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 23,755 11,250 12,500 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,885 880 1,000 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 780 365 415 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,960 1,375 1,585 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 40 10 30 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 460 225 235 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 180 90 90 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 35 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 10 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 25 10 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 5 10 0 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 30 15 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 15 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,710 1,280 1,435 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,690 1,265 1,420 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,140 525 610 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,275 610 665 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 80 80 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 25 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 65 35 35 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 15 5 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 405 210 195 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 370 190 185 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 225 110 115 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 0 0 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 10 5 5 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 210 100 115 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,495 2,155 2,340 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 125 60 65 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,175 2,020 2,155 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 100 40 60 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 95 35 60 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,740 51,335 53,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 94,455 46,365 48,085 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 70,670 35,260 35,405 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 70,500 35,185 35,320 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 165 75 90 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 23,790 11,105 12,680 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,790 11,105 12,685 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,450 710 745 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 20 15 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 20 10 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,425 695 730 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 570 285 285 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 565 265 300 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 190 100 95 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 15 10 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 25 10 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,335 590 745 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 30 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,285 565 715 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 380 170 215 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 10 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 10 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 335 140 195 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 10 10 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 815 385 430 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 70 35 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 730 345 385 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 5 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 17,220 8,005 9,220 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 180 90 85 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 95 40 55 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,840 885 955 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 10 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 10 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,830 880 950 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 10 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 25 35 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 140 70 75 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 75 40 40 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 285 145 140 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,035 505 530 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 65 30 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 10 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 80 35 50 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 40 20 20 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 5 0 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 35 15 20 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 150 65 80 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 3,660 1,770 1,885 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,765 1,330 1,430 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 55 30 30 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 360 160 200 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 270 135 130 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 15 5 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,615 795 820 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 410 200 215 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 885 430 450 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 70 40 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 35 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 780 380 400 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,260 5,135 6,130 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 8,745 3,920 4,825 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 665 330 335 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 410 190 220 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,440 690 750 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 15 10 10 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 285 140 145 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 25 20 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,845 875 970 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,830 865 960 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 700 315 385 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 990 480 510 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 5 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 40 45 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 35 20 20 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 250 120 130 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 770 385 380
Turkish 245 120 120 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 80 35 40 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 80 40 40 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,285 4,975 5,315 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 110 50 60 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 10,025 4,870 5,155 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 120 40 75 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,745 51,335 53,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 75,890 37,525 38,365 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,400 4,605 4,800 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 450 190 260 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 18,645 8,865 9,785 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 18,645 8,865 9,780 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 50 25 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 135 70 70 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 175 65 105 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 86,245 41,855 44,390 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,295 39,925 42,370 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,823 42,781 30,145 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,315 39,930 42,385 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,499 38,134 27,851 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,165 37,245 37,915 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,879 41,919 29,164 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,145 25,495 32,650 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,940 1,433 3,871 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,040 31,515 30,525 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,013 46,874 34,845 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 86,255 41,860 44,395 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,315 40,025 42,290 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,797 59,934 42,150 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,335 40,030 42,305 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,211 47,484 35,275 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,030 37,300 37,740 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,135 59,313 41,063 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,975 25,485 32,490 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,240 7,319 7,178 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,045 31,555 30,490 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,253 60,521 43,696 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 86,255 41,855 44,395 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,110 17,975 14,130 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,789 65,920 53,057 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,017 81,032 62,822 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 92.5 86.8 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.6 80.5 73.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 7.5 13.2 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 86,245 41,855 44,390 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,950 1,930 2,020 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 82,300 39,925 42,370 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.4 95.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,610 4,955 6,655 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 13,545 5,250 8,295 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,975 4,800 6,170 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,405 3,955 4,450 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,525 3,500 4,030 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280 3,045 3,235 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,050 2,700 2,350 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 2,330 1,745 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,255 1,955 1,305 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,110 1,650 1,460 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,475 5,790 2,685 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,555 3,615 1,940 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,915 2,170 740 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 86,245 41,855 44,390 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,930 1,925 2,005 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 82,315 39,930 42,385 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.4 95.5 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,875 5,040 6,835 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 14,160 5,540 8,620 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 12,515 5,490 7,025 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,145 4,780 5,360 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,875 4,295 4,580 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,905 3,685 3,220 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,175 3,075 2,100 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,300 2,415 1,880 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 8,370 5,600 2,765 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,765 1,585 1,180 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,590 1,095 500 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,015 2,920 1,090 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 86,245 41,855 44,390 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 24,210 10,340 13,870 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 62,040 31,515 30,520 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.9 75.3 68.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,360 3,020 3,340 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,605 2,090 2,510 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 7,895 3,585 4,310 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,195 2,735 3,465 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,945 2,550 3,395 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,710 2,530 3,180 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,095 2,540 2,560 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,110 2,245 1,870 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,430 1,985 1,440 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 12,685 8,230 4,455 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,935 1,785 1,155 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,885 1,495 1,380 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 6,870 4,945 1,920 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,884  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,072  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 32,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 129,041  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 104,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 138,369  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 32,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 17,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 6,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,033  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,923  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 137,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,537  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 159,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 92,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,145 2,175 2,970 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,444 43,861 31,472 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,018 38,443 29,328 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,145 2,190 2,955 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 54,405 62,174 48,634 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,075 49,189 40,277 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 104,575 51,275 53,300 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 36,135 17,160 18,970 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 4,270 2,105 2,165 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 6,440 2,890 3,550 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,800 3,700 4,100 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,345 3,990 4,350 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,285 4,480 4,805 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 68,440 34,115 34,325 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 10,350 5,040 5,305 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,995 5,930 6,060 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 13,635 6,810 6,825 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 16,110 8,070 8,040 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 16,355 8,260 8,095 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 104,575 51,275 53,300 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 22,630 11,590 11,040 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 5,760 2,940 2,825 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 65,115 31,560 33,560 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 16,825 8,125 8,700 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,125 3,365 3,760 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,075 1,090 985 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 510 280 225 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 3,960 1,870 2,090 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,090 405 680 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.8 6.6 7.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.2 9.4 8.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 9.5 8.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.9 6.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.0 7.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,350 2,590 2,760 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,565 820 745 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 370 210 160 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 3,200 1,555 1,640 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 585 210 375 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 5.1 5.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 6.9 7.1 6.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 6.4 7.1 5.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 3.5 2.6 4.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 104,580 51,275 53,300 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 100,105 49,565 50,535 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 100,075 49,555 50,520 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 5,180 1,920 3,255 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 66,655 31,590 35,065 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 15 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 15 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,640 31,580 35,065 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,385 1,750 1,635 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 65 30 35 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 65 30 35 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,305 1,720 1,585 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 40 25 20 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,955 1,025 935 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,070 525 540 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 450 260 190 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 140 70 75 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 180 100 80 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 60 25 30 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,830 1,280 1,550 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 55 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,720 1,225 1,495 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,275 445 830 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 30 15 15 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 110 45 60 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 55 20 30 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,165 400 765 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 20 15 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 70 25 50 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,470 660 810 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 10 0 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 155 70 85 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,260 560 705 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 50 20 25 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 53,785 25,700 28,080 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 440 215 230 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 240 120 115 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,840 1,800 2,040 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 55 25 30 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 30 15 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,810 1,790 2,015 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 15 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 40 15 25 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 170 65 100 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 410 200 215 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 35 0 30 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 225 105 125 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 755 335 420 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,795 870 925 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 225 110 115 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 65 25 35 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 70 45 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 320 140 175 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 10 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 495 245 250 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 15 0 10 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 10 0 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 80 40 40 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 380 185 190 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 0 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,010 480 525 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 8,510 4,315 4,195 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 6,740 3,395 3,340 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 140 70 70 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 805 355 450 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,440 1,205 1,240 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 25 0 20 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 15 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,070 2,090 1,980 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 25 10 20 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 45 30 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,035 540 495 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,885 980 910 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 150 100 50 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 15 15 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,735 875 860 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 39,805 18,780 21,025 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 33,385 15,730 17,655 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 2,335 1,130 1,205 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 845 370 470 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,440 2,080 2,360 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 70 15 55 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 20 10 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 585 270 315 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 390 170 220 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 200 95 105 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 70 20 50 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 45 20 20 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 20 15 10 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 15 35 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 40 20 15 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 0 0 0 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,070 1,440 1,635 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 3,065 1,440 1,625 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,445 645 805 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 10 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,675 800 875 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 270 120 150 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 10 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 35 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 110 55 65 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 70 25 45 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 45 25 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 575 290 295 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 530 260 270 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 45 20 25 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 235 100 135 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 0 0 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 0 10 0 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 225 95 125 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 104,580 51,280 53,305 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,290 48,510 49,785 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,015 11,310 10,700 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,280 37,195 39,080 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,290 2,770 3,515 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 104,580 51,280 53,300 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 59,460 29,860 29,600 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 44,430 21,135 23,295 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 21,135 10,185 10,950 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 5,630 2,760 2,870 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 8,750 4,100 4,645 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 6,690 3,110 3,580 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,860 1,835 2,020 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,835 1,270 1,560 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,225 980 1,245 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 695 285 410 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 44,430 21,135 23,295 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,170 1,935 2,230 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 8,210 3,790 4,420 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 14,715 6,920 7,795 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 14,470 7,295 7,175 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,860 1,190 1,665 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 44,430 21,140 23,295 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,775 2,205 2,570 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 220 120 95 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 305 140 165 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 275 130 140 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 680 300 380 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 660 270 390 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 130 55 70 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 150 65 90 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 240 135 105 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 385 165 220 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,735 820 910 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 23,365 11,205 12,160 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 115 65 45 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 230 105 125 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 110 70 45 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 175 80 100 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 350 180 175 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 90 35 55 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 15 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 17,005 8,190 8,810 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 25 10 15 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 500 210 295 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,115 555 565 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 745 325 420 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 550 240 310 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 105 55 50 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 405 200 205 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 495 275 220 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,310 600 710 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,050 460 590 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 180 100 75 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 40 30 15 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 65 25 40 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 30 10 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 155 50 105 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 65 15 50 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 65 35 30 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 430 180 250 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 15,160 7,235 7,920 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 640 335 305 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 65 35 35 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,215 550 670 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 160 85 75 108,030 50,945 57,090