Census Profile, 2016 Census
Whitby [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Whitby
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Whitby [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Whitby [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 128,377 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 122,022 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.2 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,195 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,529 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 875.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 146.66 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 128,375 62,530 65,845 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 25,535 13,120 12,415 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 7,215 3,705 3,510 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 9,005 4,630 4,375 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 9,315 4,790 4,530 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 86,315 42,100 44,215 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,120 4,640 4,480 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,305 4,315 3,995 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,400 3,225 3,180 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,215 3,465 3,750 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,590 3,905 4,690 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 9,960 4,760 5,205 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 10,260 4,905 5,355 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,870 5,360 5,515 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,870 4,300 4,565 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,720 3,230 3,490 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 16,530 7,315 9,215 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,710 2,620 3,090 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,890 1,870 2,015 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,720 1,200 1,520 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,060 890 1,170 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 2,155 735 1,415 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,410 530 880 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 585 175 405 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 150 25 125 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 0 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.9 21.0 18.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.3 67.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.9 11.7 14.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.4 37.4 39.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.5 38.4 40.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,530 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,390 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,195 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,935 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,260 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 5,530 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 835 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,280 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,530 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 7,645 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 12,190 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,185 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 9,945 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,555 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 126,780 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 102,840 49,415 53,430 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 62,250 31,130 31,125 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 55,220 27,610 27,610 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 7,035 3,520 3,515 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 40,590 18,285 22,305 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 27,785 14,475 13,310 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,940 1,160 1,780 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,210 1,730 3,480 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,650 925 3,730 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,435 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 13,940 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,555 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 10,040 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,900 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,430 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 30,540 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 27,025 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,515 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,890 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,680 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,210 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,540 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 10,700 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 19,845 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 6,635 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 9,455 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,750 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,895 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,240 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,920 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 730 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,575 5,290 7,280 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,525 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 33,710 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,690 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,020 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,330 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,490 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 7,645 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 845 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,525 62,120 65,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 115,745 57,210 58,530 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 85 40 50 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 10,615 4,445 6,170 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 1,075 425 660 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,525 62,120 65,405 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 123,890 60,530 63,360 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,070 960 1,110 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 525 230 290 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 1,040 405 640 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,335 1,075 1,260 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.7 1.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,525 62,120 65,405 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 124,960 60,915 64,045 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 105,185 51,495 53,695 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 103,135 50,545 52,590 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,050 955 1,100 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 19,770 9,420 10,355 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,760 9,415 10,350 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 950 490 460 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 10 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 15 5 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 930 480 450 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 30 20 15 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 755 395 360 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 5 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 85 40 40 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 20 5 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 85 120 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 200 85 115 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,095 435 660 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 30 10 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 25 10 15 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 30 10 15 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 980 390 595 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 80 30 50 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,090 530 560 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 20 10 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 130 70 55 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 870 415 460 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 65 30 35 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 13,085 6,335 6,755 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 45 25 20 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 90 40 50 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,415 1,095 1,320 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 45 20 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 5 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 20 10 15 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,370 1,080 1,290 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 35 15 25 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 160 75 80 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 70 35 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 415 205 215 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 785 345 445 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 270 110 165 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 185 95 90 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 85 35 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 245 105 140 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,420 635 785 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 45 15 30 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 15 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 550 235 310 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 10 10 1,240 630 620
German 720 325 395 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 30 15 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 610 310 300 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 4,310 2,155 2,155 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 3,140 1,550 1,590 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 275 140 135 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 385 195 190 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 315 145 165 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 40 20 20 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 10 5 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 220 215 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 65 25 35 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,510 740 770 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,145 590 550 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 15 10 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 95 45 45 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,035 535 500 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,175 2,060 2,115 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 1,595 820 770 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 795 380 420 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 375 175 200 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,405 685 720 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 70 25 45 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 200 105 100 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 280 125 155 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 50 15 30 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 25 15 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 10 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 10 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 35 20 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 50 25 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,110 985 1,135 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,105 975 1,125 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 790 380 415 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 10 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,160 535 625 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 20 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 25 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 5 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 55 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 90 35 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 75 30 35 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 65 25 35 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 400 185 210 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 40 30 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 55 20 35 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 300 135 165 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,565 1,205 1,360 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 350 160 195 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,070 970 1,100 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 75 40 35 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 70 30 40 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,525 62,120 65,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 122,765 59,865 62,900 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 114,650 56,010 58,640 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 113,805 55,610 58,195 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 845 400 440 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 8,120 3,850 4,260 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,115 3,855 4,260 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 160 175 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 15 5 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 5 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 320 150 170 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 10 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 265 125 140 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 25 10 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 50 75 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 125 50 75 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 295 140 160 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 5 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 270 125 145 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 20 10 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 690 335 355 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 55 35 20 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 580 280 305 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 50 20 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,845 2,310 2,540 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 15 10 5 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 785 365 425 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 5 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 775 360 420 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 20 10 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 40 25 20 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 105 45 65 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 280 125 155 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 130 60 65 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 85 40 45 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 10 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 50 25 25 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 135 60 80 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 15 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 45 20 30 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 5 90 45 45
German 70 30 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 5 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 155 75 80 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,300 1,105 1,195 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,630 780 845 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 140 70 75 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 195 95 105 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 115 45 65 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 100 110 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 880 435 445 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 665 320 345 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 50 25 25 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 610 290 320 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,410 685 725 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 355 155 195 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 210 95 110 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 195 95 100 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 655 340 315 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 40 15 25 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 105 55 50 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 60 25 35 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 40 25 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,365 650 720 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,365 650 715 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 435 205 230 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 5 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 860 405 455 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 20 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 70 30 35 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 25 10 15 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 25 10 15 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 90 40 50 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 85 40 50 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 4,760 2,255 2,505 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 295 140 155 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 4,315 2,050 2,265 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 20 5 10 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 130 60 70 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,525 62,120 65,405 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 114,190 55,845 58,350 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 4,130 2,025 2,105 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,805 755 1,055 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 7,155 3,385 3,770 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 15 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 7,140 3,380 3,760 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 55 20 35 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 60 35 30 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 120 55 65 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,285 48,765 52,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,110 46,240 49,870 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,242 52,067 34,779 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,145 46,245 49,900 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,443 45,012 31,390 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,665 43,595 45,075 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,266 51,980 32,860 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,365 27,720 37,645 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,862 1,156 3,981 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,500 38,820 37,680 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,924 52,188 36,117 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 101,285 48,765 52,520 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,980 46,020 49,960 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,958 66,185 44,616 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,035 46,025 50,010 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,364 52,089 37,255 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,510 43,390 45,120 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,727 66,497 43,408 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,235 27,540 37,695 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,607 5,825 7,178 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,495 38,685 37,815 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,389 64,002 44,555 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 101,280 48,765 52,520 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,625 21,435 17,185 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,336 76,613 61,040 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,818 86,699 66,738 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.7 87.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 81.3 75.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.3 12.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 101,285 48,765 52,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,175 2,525 2,650 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 96,110 46,235 49,870 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.8 95.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,100 5,875 8,225 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 13,500 5,305 8,190 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 9,935 3,840 6,090 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,575 3,620 4,950 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,555 3,665 4,890 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,475 3,565 3,910 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,580 3,365 3,210 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 5,490 2,945 2,545 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 4,690 2,605 2,080 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 4,485 2,425 2,060 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 12,735 9,015 3,720 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 8,855 6,025 2,830 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,880 2,990 890 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 101,285 48,765 52,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,135 2,520 2,615 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 96,145 46,245 49,900 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.8 95.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,560 5,955 8,605 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 14,060 5,555 8,505 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 11,620 4,655 6,965 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,750 4,540 6,220 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,285 4,775 5,520 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 8,805 4,515 4,295 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 7,075 3,875 3,205 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 6,325 3,540 2,785 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 12,655 8,840 3,815 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,260 2,615 1,645 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,900 805 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 5,690 4,325 1,365 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 101,280 48,765 52,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 24,785 9,945 14,840 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 76,500 38,820 37,680 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.5 79.6 71.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,490 5,130 5,360 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,625 2,360 3,265 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,340 3,630 4,705 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,130 2,640 3,485 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,890 2,475 3,405 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,870 2,535 3,340 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,625 2,685 2,940 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,120 2,605 2,515 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,420 2,360 2,060 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 18,990 12,385 6,600 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 4,060 2,255 1,805 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,070 2,180 1,885 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 10,865 7,955 2,910 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,530 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,809 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,847 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,645 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,566 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,025 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,880 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,109 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,467 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,530 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 121,180 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,877 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,635 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,480 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,474 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,895 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 135,153 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,022 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,530 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 300 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 285 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 610 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 820 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,010 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 915 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,040 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,040 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,220 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,430 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,485 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,475 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,475 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,575 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,695 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,785 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,880 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,320 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,710 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,525 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 330 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 620 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 870 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,125 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,045 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,210 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,350 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,425 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,425 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,135 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,105 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,950 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,135 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,565 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,535 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,030 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,345 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,676 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,054 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,400 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,666 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,610 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,950 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,915 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,915 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,280 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,603 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,662 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,385 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,742 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,567 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,445 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,446 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,674 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,900 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,935 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,363 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,290 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,251 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,557 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,985 4,455 5,530 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,896 45,133 37,658 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,986 39,014 33,759 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,985 4,445 5,540 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,755 55,495 46,951 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,933 44,870 39,576 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 126,785 61,865 64,920 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,575 19,375 22,200 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 6,535 3,075 3,455 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 7,390 3,250 4,145 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 8,040 3,715 4,325 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,025 4,255 4,770 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,580 5,080 5,505 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 85,205 42,490 42,715 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 12,875 6,265 6,610 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 14,900 7,305 7,590 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 16,970 8,435 8,535 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 20,675 10,410 10,265 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 19,790 10,075 9,715 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 126,780 61,865 64,920 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 30,955 15,840 15,120 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 8,835 4,540 4,295 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 80,320 39,025 41,290 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 15,505 7,000 8,505 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,780 4,425 5,355 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,085 1,570 1,520 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 920 465 455 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 5,470 2,465 3,005 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,220 390 835 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.7 7.2 8.2 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.2 10.6 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.3 7.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.6 9.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,320 2,550 2,765 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,510 780 730 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 430 220 210 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 3,525 1,660 1,865 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 285 110 170 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.2 4.1 4.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 4.9 4.8 4.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.4 4.3 4.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 126,785 61,865 64,915 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 125,710 61,380 64,330 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 125,640 61,340 64,300 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 10,650 4,540 6,115 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 25,245 12,170 13,075 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 30 0 25 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 0 20 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,210 12,165 13,050 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,190 600 595 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 10 15 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 10 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,170 590 585 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 45 35 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 940 470 465 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 15 10 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 55 20 35 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 110 50 65 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 215 80 140 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 185 65 120 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,525 605 920 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 150 65 85 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 55 25 30 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 30 40 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,325 520 805 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 295 125 170 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 100 40 60 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175 75 100 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,415 730 685 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 75 45 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 175 95 75 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,140 585 555 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 90 40 50 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 17,055 8,335 8,720 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 65 35 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 110 45 65 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,950 1,375 1,570 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 20 25 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 30 10 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 15 10 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,915 1,360 1,555 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 30 15 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 55 25 25 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 205 90 110 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 150 75 75 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 555 250 300 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 970 475 495 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 415 160 255 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 290 160 135 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 80 40 40 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 55 60 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 310 135 170 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 20 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,845 835 1,005 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 90 40 55 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 50 20 25 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 555 250 310 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,095 505 590 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 55 25 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,005 495 505 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,755 2,830 2,925 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,485 2,190 2,295 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 425 210 215 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 540 250 290 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,435 730 710 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 20 15 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 80 40 45 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 10 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 895 460 440 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 85 40 45 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 80 125 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 2,200 1,115 1,085 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,330 670 660 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 15 15 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 90 60 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,285 635 650 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 5,710 2,870 2,840 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,275 1,160 1,105 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 930 465 465 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 395 180 210 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,290 1,140 1,140 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 140 45 95 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 265 140 125 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 585 295 290 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 75 45 35 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 25 0 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 80 60 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 20 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 25 25 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 50 15 35 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 115 70 50 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 130 65 65 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 185 75 110 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 120 50 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 25 50 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,300 1,105 1,200 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,290 1,095 1,195 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 885 420 465 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,500 725 770 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 30 20 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 40 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 35 50 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 0 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 90 80 10 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 20 15 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 70 65 10 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 125 55 70 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 110 45 60 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 470 225 245 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 30 25 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 25 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 380 175 205 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 126,785 61,865 64,915 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 121,385 59,210 62,180 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,260 15,550 14,710 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,130 43,660 47,470 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,395 2,655 2,740 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 126,785 61,865 64,915 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,505 47,290 49,215 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,550 14,150 15,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,170 5,240 5,935 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,290 2,150 2,140 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 5,610 2,715 2,900 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 6,335 2,985 3,350 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,510 1,650 1,865 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,825 1,335 1,495 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,140 1,065 1,080 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 425 305 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,550 14,150 15,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,555 1,745 1,815 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 6,550 3,395 3,150 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,850 3,025 3,825 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 10,705 5,155 5,550 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,885 830 1,055 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,555 14,150 15,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 7,510 3,440 4,075 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 125 40 85 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 190 85 105 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 75 40 40 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,245 550 695 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 70 25 35 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,380 1,080 1,295 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 155 65 95 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 105 50 55 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 990 455 535 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 925 420 510 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245 630 615 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 10,270 4,970 5,300 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 60 35 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 135 65 70 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 80 70 10 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 500 255 245 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 355 185 165 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 160 80 85 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 110 130 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 965 510 455 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 495 245 255 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 585 260 325 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 365 190 170 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 365 175 190 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 175 60 110 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 55 70 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 155 65 85 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,490 2,095 2,395 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 990 495 495 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,755 895 860 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 160 80 75 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 45 20 25 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 110 45 65 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 55 45 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 300 140 165 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 15 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 240 140 95 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 815 405 410 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 9,895 4,770 5,120 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 640 315 320 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 245 110 130 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,235 570 665 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 305 165 140 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,800 920 885 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 290 160 130 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 70 40 30 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 45 10 40 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 250 140 105 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 225 120 100 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,365 710 660 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,500 620 885 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 875 400 475 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 20 10 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 60 35 25 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 175 60 120 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 790 380 415 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 120 80 40 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,145 1,065 1,075 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 465 255 210 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 20 0 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 20 15 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 10 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 160 105 55 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 10 15 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 100 55 50 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 115 55 55 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 215 110 100 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 880 400 480
Romania 20 10 15 2,425 <