Census Profile, 2016 Census
Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,801 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,680 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,179 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 49,949 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,009.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.77 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,800 55,980 62,820 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 13,575 7,040 6,535 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,065 2,625 2,440 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,415 2,295 2,125 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,095 2,125 1,975 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 86,435 40,850 45,590 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,195 3,095 3,100 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 9,910 4,845 5,070 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 11,865 5,735 6,130 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 10,895 5,400 5,495 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,860 4,165 4,695 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,870 3,675 4,195 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,255 3,685 4,570 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,460 3,855 4,605 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,620 3,445 4,170 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,510 2,950 3,555 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,785 8,095 10,695 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,595 2,555 3,045 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,990 1,785 2,205 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,370 1,440 1,925 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,700 1,180 1,520 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,130 1,140 1,990 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,960 785 1,175 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 925 290 630 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 205 60 145 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 45 5 40 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.4 12.6 10.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 72.8 73.0 72.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.8 14.5 17.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.6 2.0 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.8 37.1 40.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 49,950 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,245 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 30,540 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,165 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 860 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,680 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,475 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,130 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 49,950 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 15,370 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,020 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,990 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,475 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,095 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 117,545 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,225 48,940 56,280 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 56,200 27,775 28,425 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 50,805 25,030 25,775 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 5,395 2,745 2,650 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 49,020 21,165 27,850 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 35,345 17,480 17,860 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,350 870 1,475 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,010 1,945 4,060 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,320 860 4,455 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,140 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 15,905 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,645 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,060 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,530 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,145 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 26,615 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 23,920 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,695 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,530 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,720 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 815 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,610 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 12,160 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 14,455 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,225 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,765 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,465 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,530 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,750 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,425 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 355 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,540 11,815 15,730 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 49,950 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,715 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,075 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,645 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,180 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,050 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 15,370 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 117,880 55,645 62,230 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 102,115 49,185 52,935 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 80 30 50 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,595 3,620 4,970 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 7,090 2,815 4,275 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 117,880 55,650 62,235 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 108,060 51,645 56,420 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,135 525 615 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,695 715 980 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 6,980 2,765 4,220 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,985 875 1,105 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 117,880 55,645 62,235 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 113,545 53,545 60,005 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 36,155 18,170 17,990 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 35,200 17,715 17,485 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 955 455 505 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 77,390 35,375 42,010 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,380 35,370 42,010 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,410 1,275 1,135 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 35 10 20 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,355 1,250 1,105 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 35 20 15 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,765 940 825 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 495 265 235 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 35 15 15 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 420 165 255 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 410 165 245 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 4,770 1,800 2,970 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 15 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 145 45 95 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 100 40 60 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 420 170 250 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 225 100 125 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,770 1,400 2,375 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 830 360 470
Creole languages 65 30 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 870 460 410 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 25 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 160 80 85 1,750 905 845
Tamil 420 225 190 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 225 130 100 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 30,325 14,520 15,805 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 135 65 65 1,090 560 530
Armenian 380 190 185 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,520 4,195 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 155 70 85 645 280 370
Latvian 105 50 65 320 145 175
Lithuanian 45 20 25 325 130 200
Slavic languages 7,570 3,455 4,115 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 20 15 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 25 15 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 195 100 95 1,725 805 915
Croatian 125 60 60 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 85 40 40 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 145 70 75 250 120 135
Polish 470 190 280 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 5,520 2,505 3,020 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 380 195 180 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 25 1,145 545 600
Slovak 65 25 40 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 15 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 440 200 245 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 925 405 525 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 5 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 5 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 140 60 75 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 510 225 285 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 25 10 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 195 80 115 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 615 295 315 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 15,520 7,720 7,810 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,385 1,220 1,175 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 465 245 215 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 255 120 135 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 690 350 340 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 105 55 50 535 280 255
Nepali 35 10 30 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 80 75 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 55 25 35 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 520 280 240 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 13,085 6,470 6,615 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 120 60 60 1,650 875 780
Pashto 20 10 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 12,945 6,400 6,550 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,025 2,325 2,705 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,660 785 875 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 695 330 360 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 730 330 400 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,935 880 1,060 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 725 280 440 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 190 105 85 65 40 25
Georgian 190 105 85 65 40 25
Korean 10,670 4,935 5,735 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 20 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 40 15 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 105 50 50 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 20 5 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 10 5 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 5 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,210 10,985 14,220 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 25,185 10,975 14,210 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 8,585 3,725 4,860 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 150 65 85 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 14,635 6,370 8,270 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 680 305 370 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 365 155 205 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 345 410 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 65 20 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 10 800 405 400
Thai 60 15 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 785 405 375 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 265 130 140 495 275 225
Turkish 430 235 195 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 40 20 15 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 165 70 95
Uralic languages 710 300 405 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 95 35 60 455 195 260
Finnish 80 35 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 535 235 300 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,335 2,105 2,230 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 185 80 110 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,870 1,895 1,970 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 140 70 70 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 140 55 75 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 117,880 55,645 62,235 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 105,690 50,055 55,640 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 54,425 26,590 27,840 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 53,985 26,390 27,600 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 445 205 240 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 51,260 23,465 27,800 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,260 23,465 27,800 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,310 655 660 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 20 5 15 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 15 5 10 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,290 645 645 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 975 485 490 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 270 135 135 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 15 5 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 80 110 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 190 75 115 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,565 1,050 1,520 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 45 20 25 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 20 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 165 75 90 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 90 40 50 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,190 875 1,320 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 40 20 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 440 225 210 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 5 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 80 40 45 885 450 435
Tamil 235 120 110 1,935 965 965
Telugu 105 60 45 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 18,975 9,000 9,975 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 20 25 530 255 270
Armenian 220 110 110 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,870 2,205 2,665 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 55 25 35 160 75 90
Latvian 40 15 25 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 10 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,810 2,175 2,635 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 115 60 55 925 425 495
Croatian 40 20 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 25 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 50 20 25 120 60 60
Polish 175 70 100 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,970 1,800 2,175 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 205 100 100 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 165 65 100 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 105 40 65 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 0 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 75 30 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 195 90 105 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 11,125 5,450 5,680 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,040 535 500 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 250 130 115 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 95 55 45 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 315 160 155 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 55 25 25 245 125 120
Nepali 15 10 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 595 290 305
Urdu 245 125 115 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 10,065 4,905 5,165 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 65 30 35 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 0 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 9,995 4,870 5,130 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,405 1,075 1,330 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 530 220 305 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 435 210 220 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 340 140 200 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,105 505 600 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 480 220 265 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 170 90 75 15 10 10
Georgian 170 95 75 15 10 10
Korean 8,175 3,800 4,375 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 25 15 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 25 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 25 5 15 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,205 7,980 10,220 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 18,190 7,975 10,215 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,695 2,385 3,315 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 40 20 25 670 280 390
Mandarin 11,385 5,075 6,310 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 155 190 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 165 80 90 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 535 255 280 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 10 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 0 335 160 175
Thai 30 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 360 185 175 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 110 55 60 185 95 90
Turkish 220 110 110 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 25 15 10 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 235 100 130 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 5 15 75 30 45
Finnish 25 10 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 185 85 100 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 12,190 5,595 6,600 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 175 75 95 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,770 5,420 6,350 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 215 80 130 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 117,880 55,645 62,235 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 79,355 37,695 41,655 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 19,360 9,055 10,300 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 685 280 410 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 17,730 8,290 9,440 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 17,730 8,285 9,440 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 130 65 70 965 435 530
English and non-official language 435 185 250 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 180 70 105 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,980 48,500 55,475 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,140 45,910 52,225 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,988 29,119 23,932 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,150 45,915 52,235 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,526 27,179 22,746 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,560 39,630 43,930 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,546 34,199 26,027 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,560 31,405 40,160 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,108 701 1,612 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,030 32,445 33,585 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,642 36,904 29,433 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,860 48,360 55,500 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,965 45,805 52,160 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,579 51,052 38,896 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,975 45,810 52,170 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,183 40,439 32,446 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,610 39,595 44,015 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,906 55,654 40,937 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,505 31,300 40,200 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,057 4,300 5,646 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,935 32,350 33,585 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,738 55,609 42,120 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,860 48,360 55,500 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,190 16,260 13,930 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,325 63,087 55,099 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,490 80,687 65,090 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.5 94.1 88.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 77.6 70.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.5 5.9 11.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,980 48,505 55,480 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,840 2,590 3,250 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 98,140 45,910 52,230 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.7 94.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,250 10,975 13,275 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,630 7,570 10,055 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,020 4,740 6,285 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,230 3,610 4,615 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,120 3,160 3,960 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,675 2,620 3,050 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,840 2,325 2,520 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,885 1,980 1,905 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,320 1,770 1,550 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,840 1,435 1,410 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,330 5,730 3,600 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,960 3,460 2,500 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,370 2,270 1,105 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,980 48,500 55,480 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,835 2,585 3,245 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 98,150 45,915 52,235 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.7 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,560 11,100 13,460 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 18,240 7,815 10,420 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,310 5,290 7,015 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,705 4,340 5,365 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,265 3,725 4,540 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,485 3,150 3,335 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,175 2,690 2,485 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,025 2,080 1,940 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,390 5,725 3,665 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,870 1,585 1,285 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,750 1,025 720 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,775 3,110 1,665 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,985 48,505 55,480 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 37,950 16,055 21,895 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 66,030 32,445 33,580 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 63.5 66.9 60.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,750 3,970 4,780 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,600 2,505 3,100 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,840 4,630 5,210 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,065 3,175 3,885 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,850 2,685 3,165 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,315 2,430 2,885 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,235 2,045 2,195 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,685 1,790 1,900 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,100 1,675 1,425 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,575 7,540 5,040 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 1,495 1,245 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,530 1,260 1,270 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,305 4,780 2,525 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 49,950 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,653 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,850 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,370 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,177 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,827 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,580 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,790 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 49,960 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,416 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,959 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,465 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,955 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,611 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,490 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,421 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,224 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 49,950 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,815 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,355 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,635 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,585 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,010 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,270 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,990 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,855 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,785 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,765 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,365 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,110 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,825 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,645 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,315 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,620 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,370 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,965 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,395 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,890 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 49,950 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,905 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,365 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,670 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,655 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,170 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,420 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,205 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,225 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,210 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,220 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,015 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,585 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,330 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,725 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,015 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,995 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,465 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,550 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,180 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,232 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,191 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,795 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,464 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,454 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,465 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,078 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,123 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,145 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,934 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,696 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,125 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,648 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,650 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,705 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,111 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,667 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,495 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,984 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,286 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,055 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,241 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,090 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,385 10,260 13,125 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,571 28,096 27,190 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,948 26,196 25,758 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,195 10,110 13,085 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,326 44,181 42,666 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,582 35,814 35,403 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 117,550 55,535 62,015 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 65,615 30,475 35,145 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 26,570 12,475 14,100 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,830 5,805 7,025 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,725 4,515 5,210 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,270 3,835 4,435 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 8,225 3,845 4,380 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 51,930 25,060 26,865 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 8,315 3,870 4,450 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,450 4,000 4,450 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 8,980 4,340 4,645 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 11,220 5,385 5,840 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 14,960 7,475 7,490 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,550 55,535 62,010 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 16,740 8,595 8,150 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,960 3,095 2,865 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 83,030 39,170 43,855 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 17,780 7,770 10,010 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 32,560 15,195 17,365 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,060 2,620 2,435 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,520 810 710 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 23,295 10,820 12,475 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,205 1,755 2,450 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 27.7 27.4 28.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 30.2 30.5 29.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.5 26.2 24.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 28.1 27.6 28.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 23.7 22.6 24.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,740 13,380 15,360 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,340 2,210 2,125 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,265 665 600 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 21,510 10,035 11,470 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,895 1,130 1,770 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 24.4 24.1 24.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 25.9 25.7 26.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 21.2 21.5 20.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 25.9 25.6 26.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 16.3 14.5 17.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 117,405 55,480 61,925 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 110,355 52,650 57,700 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 110,255 52,630 57,625 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,590 3,500 5,090 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 87,995 40,630 47,365 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 87,990 40,630 47,360 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,310 2,120 2,185 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 45 10 40 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 45 0 40 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 4,265 2,115 2,155 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 95 60 35 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,390 1,185 1,200 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,790 880 915 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 40 15 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 50 20 30 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 235 280 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 500 225 275 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 6,105 2,290 3,820 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 10 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 160 80 85 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 140 45 95 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 460 180 275 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 330 160 165 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,655 2,085 3,575 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 10 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 135 85 50 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 95 60 35 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,145 640 510 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 75 25 50 445 210 235
Malayalam 200 105 95 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 645 365 285 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 320 195 130 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 36,915 17,820 19,095 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 145 65 80 1,135 580 555
Armenian 455 225 225 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 8,700 4,045 4,655 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 180 70 110 635 310 325
Latvian 150 55 90 310 175 140
Lithuanian 30 15 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 8,625 4,025 4,595 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 35 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 20 10 20 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 140 90 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 265 120 145 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 90 50 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 185 90 100 345 180 160
Polish 605 300 305 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 6,795 3,160 3,635 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 450 240 210 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 55 20 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 40 725 330 400
Ukrainian 875 390 490 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,970 870 1,100 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 120 55 65 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 20 10 15 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 200 85 115 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,120 545 580 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 30 15 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 60 20 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 435 155 280 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 885 425 465 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 18,605 9,280 9,320 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,220 2,090 2,130 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 490 260 230 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 485 240 245 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,360 1,235 1,125 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 35 15 15 375 185 190
Marathi 230 115 115 1,275 650 625
Nepali 25 0 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 480 240 240 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 160 80 80 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 35 55 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,085 495 595 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 14,350 7,160 7,185 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 100 60 35 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 25 15 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 14,315 7,145 7,170 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 75 40 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,440 3,540 3,900 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,325 1,140 1,185 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 995 465 530 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 915 415 495 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,690 1,765 1,925 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 1,240 545 695 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 275 135 135 90 50 40
Georgian 275 140 140 90 50 45
Korean 11,560 5,585 5,980 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 25 10 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 25 10 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 255 100 155 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 50 30 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 95 40 60 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 30 0 25 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 115 45 70 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 90 35 55 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 27,440 12,160 15,285 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 27,430 12,155 15,275 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 10,890 4,845 6,045 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 150 65 85 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 18,665 8,165 10,500 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 875 370 505 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 225 225 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 705 300 395 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 0 15 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 35 20 15 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 35 50 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,200 605 600 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 350 190 165 835 455 385
Turkish 800 390 405 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 85 45 40 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 800 345 455 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 95 35 60 495 205 295
Finnish 50 25 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 665 285 380 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 117,405 55,480 61,925 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 85,750 40,900 44,850 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,180 6,910 6,275 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,565 33,990 38,575 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 31,655 14,580 17,070 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 117,400 55,480 61,920 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 36,055 18,415 17,635 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 71,430 32,535 38,895 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 10,730 4,730 6,000 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 6,945 3,105 3,835 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 15,645 7,205 8,440 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 22,440 10,370 12,070 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 11,115 5,290 5,825 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 11,320 5,080 6,245 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,675 7,125 8,550 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,920 4,530 5,390 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 71,435 32,535 38,895 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,050 2,145 1,905 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 11,890 5,970 5,920 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 13,515 6,310 7,205 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 31,275 13,200 18,075 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 10,695 4,910 5,785 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,430 32,535 38,895 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,055 1,695 2,365 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 295 130 170 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 370 165 205 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 55 35 20 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 305 110 195 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 440 175 260 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 260 100 165 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 105 30 75 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 420 175 245 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 740 305 435 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,055 470 585 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 11,580 5,285 6,300 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 35 65 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 145 55 90 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 155 60 95 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 410 195 220 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 455 235 230 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 380 160 215 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 45 30 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,115 550 565 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 140 55 85 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 505 220 285 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 150 55 100 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 810 370 435 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,305 975 1,330 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 320 155 165 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,385 645 740 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,195 570 625 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 895 1,035 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,955 900 1,060 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 545 280 265 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 65 35 35 1,665 835 825
Kenya 115 70 45 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 120 60 65 730 385 340
Nigeria 55 15 40 1,205 630 575
Somalia 30 10 30 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 275 130 145 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 740 300 440 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 53,735 24,610 29,120 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 230 125 100 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 285 155 135 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 11,560 5,040 6,520 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,690 1,995 2,690 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,465 1,270 1,200 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 12,680 6,290 6,385 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 200 100 100 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 315 100 220 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,430 4,075 4,355 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 330 185 145 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 655 280 375 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 5,315 1,980 3,335 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 295 160 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 135 70 60 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 1,780 750 1,030 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 505 235 265 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,860 1,785 2,075 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 100 50 55 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,675 7,125 8,550 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 675 290 385 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 100 45 50 960 445 520
Colombia 65 25 45 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 125 35 80 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 150 60 90 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 40 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 155 80 75 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,095 460 640 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 35 15 15 790 415 370
Germany 30 10 20 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 75 25 50 200 110 90
Romania 40