Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor--Tecumseh
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,429 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,528 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,893 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,141 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 719.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 163.24 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,430 56,555 60,875 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 18,555 9,535 9,020 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,845 2,965 2,885 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 6,200 3,210 2,985 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,515 3,365 3,155 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 76,155 36,980 39,175 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,815 3,480 3,335 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,180 3,660 3,520 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,995 3,465 3,530 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,690 3,140 3,550 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,775 3,205 3,570 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,560 3,650 3,910 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,915 3,855 4,060 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,825 4,290 4,540 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,115 4,340 4,775 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 8,270 3,895 4,380 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 22,720 10,040 12,680 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,620 3,510 4,110 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,385 2,550 2,840 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 4,050 1,840 2,215 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,705 1,160 1,550 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,955 985 1,970 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,855 685 1,170 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 865 250 610 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 210 40 170 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 10 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.8 16.9 14.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.3 17.8 20.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.5 41.3 43.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.8 42.5 45.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 31,060 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,785 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,290 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,360 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,830 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,475 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,555 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 15,995 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,910 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,540 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,290 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,405 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 116,195 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 98,870 47,015 51,860 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 53,335 26,665 26,670 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 45,575 22,790 22,785 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,765 3,875 3,890 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 45,535 20,355 25,185 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 27,580 14,605 12,975 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,415 1,460 1,950 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,730 2,975 4,755 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,810 1,310 5,500 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,605 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,555 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,395 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,050 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,600 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,600 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 26,165 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 22,285 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,880 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,435 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,995 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,440 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,165 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,115 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 13,050 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,240 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,420 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,395 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,435 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,440 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,155 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 840 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 20,815 9,395 11,415 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,125 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,560 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,565 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 725 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,295 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 15,995 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,300 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,365 56,165 60,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 102,840 50,345 52,490 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 180 65 115 1,110 530 580
English and French 11,590 5,090 6,505 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,760 665 1,090 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,370 56,165 60,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 110,215 53,520 56,690 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,525 1,575 1,950 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 910 420 490 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,715 650 1,070 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,980 1,785 2,195 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,365 56,170 60,200 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 113,795 54,945 58,845 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 90,195 43,710 46,485 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 86,470 42,035 44,430 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,725 1,675 2,050 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 23,600 11,235 12,365 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,580 11,230 12,355 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,150 2,575 2,575 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 85 35 55 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 85 30 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 5,065 2,540 2,520 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 40 20 20 1,140 560 585
Arabic 3,555 1,820 1,740 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 100 115 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,060 505 560 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 105 55 50 80 40 40
Tigrigna 25 10 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 350 160 185 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 25 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 285 135 150 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 835 330 510 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 5 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 35 15 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 740 295 455 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 30 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 55 25 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 100 55 45 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 30 15 10 1,750 905 845
Tamil 55 30 20 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 5 5 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 15,060 7,145 7,920 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 365 180 185 1,090 560 530
Armenian 85 30 50 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,100 2,875 3,225 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 25 5 20 645 280 370
Latvian 5 5 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,070 2,865 3,210 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 165 80 80 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 60 25 35 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,080 520 555 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 75 35 45 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 595 290 305 250 120 135
Polish 1,415 655 765 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 185 75 115 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,760 880 880 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 65 1,145 545 600
Slovak 275 115 160 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 45 545 250 290
Ukrainian 225 90 135 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 5 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 920 405 515 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 170 75 90 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 670 290 380 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 5 0 0 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 375 190 185 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 945 905 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,670 855 820 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 30 15 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 155 80 75 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 140 75 65 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 15 10 10 535 280 255
Nepali 390 190 195 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 655 340 315 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 5 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,455 730 725
Urdu 265 135 130 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 175 85 85 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 40 25 15 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 0 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 115 60 60 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,355 2,515 2,845 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,685 1,275 1,410 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 240 105 135 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,125 540 585 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,295 590 705 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 20 10 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 65 30 35 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 305 145 160 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 15 10 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 10 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 70 35 40 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 55 25 30 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 25 25 265 135 135
Dinka 10 5 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 15 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 10 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 690 330 360 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 670 315 355 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 305 150 150 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 5 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 275 120 160 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 35 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 50 20 25 800 405 400
Thai 10 0 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 215 100 110 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 200 100 100 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 560 245 315 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 40 25 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 515 225 295 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,575 1,220 1,355 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 605 280 320 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,745 840 905 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 140 65 80 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 90 35 55 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,365 56,170 60,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 110,955 53,575 57,380 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 99,530 48,180 51,350 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 98,380 47,675 50,705 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,145 505 645 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 11,430 5,395 6,030 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,425 5,395 6,030 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,120 1,485 1,635 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 50 15 30 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 45 15 30 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,075 1,470 1,605 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 20 10 10 535 250 290
Arabic 2,210 1,080 1,135 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 65 80 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 630 285 345 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 15 10 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 105 115 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 190 95 100 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 355 165 190 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 330 155 170 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 50 25 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 40 25 15 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 10 5 885 450 435
Tamil 20 15 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,655 3,130 3,525 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 170 80 85 530 255 270
Armenian 50 20 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,720 1,280 1,435 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,715 1,280 1,430 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 85 35 45 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 10 15 925 425 495
Croatian 390 175 210 1,795 840 955
Czech 25 10 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 315 155 155 120 60 60
Polish 620 295 325 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 85 35 50 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 965 470 495 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 60 25 30 435 205 235
Slovak 90 40 50 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 25 10 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 95 45 50 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 5 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 80 40 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 160 80 80 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,200 595 600 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,120 560 555 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 15 5 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 120 60 60 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 65 35 35 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 0 245 125 120
Nepali 325 155 170 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 225 215 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 145 75 65 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 80 35 40 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 20 10 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 5 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,270 1,025 1,245 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 890 365 525 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 80 35 40 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 580 280 295 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 705 340 370 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 50 25 25 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 65 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 35 15 20 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 15 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 20 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 395 200 200 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 385 195 190 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 165 85 80 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 165 80 90 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 5 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 15 10 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 110 50 60 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 105 45 55 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 200 85 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 15 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 190 75 110 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,405 2,590 2,820 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 370 165 210 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,780 2,320 2,460 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 55 25 30 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 200 85 115 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,370 56,165 60,200 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 101,440 49,145 52,295 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 5,235 2,555 2,680 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,240 925 1,305 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,090 3,375 3,720 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 10 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,075 3,365 3,705 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 90 40 50 965 435 530
English and non-official language 100 50 55 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 165 75 90 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,655 46,580 51,075 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,300 44,680 48,615 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,835 41,459 27,974 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,340 44,685 48,655 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,932 36,957 25,983 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,615 40,250 41,370 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,285 38,985 24,730 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,910 32,160 39,745 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,068 6,053 7,597 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,625 35,110 31,510 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,808 34,068 26,492 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,525 46,575 50,950 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,160 44,625 48,535 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,358 51,488 35,882 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,195 44,630 48,565 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,105 43,350 31,366 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,715 40,195 41,525 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,874 50,591 33,437 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,750 32,110 39,640 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,606 8,233 8,908 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,530 34,910 31,615 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,994 45,390 34,036 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,525 46,575 50,955 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,480 16,440 13,035 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,766 56,545 44,842 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,205 67,127 51,474 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.7 79.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.7 69.0 61.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.3 20.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,655 46,580 51,075 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,355 1,895 2,460 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 93,295 44,680 48,615 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.9 95.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,645 5,250 7,400 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 16,140 6,060 10,085 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,365 5,040 8,320 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,580 5,125 6,460 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 11,230 5,880 5,350 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,810 4,320 3,495 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,295 3,090 2,205 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,005 2,500 1,505 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,115 1,960 1,160 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,495 1,435 1,065 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,610 4,035 1,575 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,985 2,780 1,205 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,625 1,260 370 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,655 46,580 51,075 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,315 1,895 2,420 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 93,335 44,685 48,655 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.9 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,075 5,315 7,765 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,825 6,365 10,465 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,480 5,975 9,505 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 14,530 6,980 7,550 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,760 6,395 5,360 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,335 4,265 3,070 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,985 3,190 1,795 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,540 2,145 1,395 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 5,805 4,060 1,750 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,985 1,290 690 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,075 750 325 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,750 2,020 730 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,650 46,580 51,075 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 31,030 11,465 19,565 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 66,620 35,110 31,510 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.2 75.4 61.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,850 7,465 5,390 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,915 2,070 2,845 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,400 3,630 4,770 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,260 3,135 4,125 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,990 3,170 3,820 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,225 3,000 3,225 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,745 2,660 2,080 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 2,070 1,375 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980 1,930 1,055 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 8,795 5,980 2,820 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 1,530 855 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,060 1,145 915 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 4,355 3,305 1,050 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,190 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,995 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,443 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,793 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,145 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,928 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,757 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,569 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,975 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,045 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,953 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,323 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,090 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,333 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,403 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 605 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,520 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,945 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,320 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,220 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,305 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,490 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,575 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,505 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,990 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,520 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,150 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,595 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,150 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,775 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,125 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,190 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,060 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,140 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 640 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,535 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,030 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,620 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,525 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,740 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,085 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,975 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,870 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,145 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,540 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,795 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,020 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,485 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,415 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,190 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,330 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,895 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,340 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,865 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,681 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,280 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,764 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,261 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,180 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,632 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,573 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,030 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,725 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,029 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,230 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,640 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,611 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,210 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,177 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,247 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,185 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,942 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,296 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,000 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,458 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,332 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 18,440 8,425 10,015 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,655 40,498 32,230 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,168 35,567 29,767 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,500 8,470 10,030 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,965 47,186 39,399 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,744 39,547 34,377 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 116,195 56,110 60,085 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,780 28,440 33,340 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 12,685 5,810 6,870 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,465 5,335 7,120 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,310 5,625 6,685 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 12,175 5,715 6,460 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 12,145 5,950 6,200 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 54,420 27,670 26,745 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,045 6,060 5,985 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,245 5,675 5,570 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,405 5,820 5,585 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 10,925 5,560 5,365 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 8,805 4,555 4,245 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 116,195 56,110 60,085 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 22,610 11,560 11,050 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,000 3,565 3,430 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 71,810 34,795 37,020 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 21,775 9,760 12,015 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,380 8,620 10,765 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,935 3,035 2,900 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,045 1,025 1,020 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,170 4,885 6,285 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,280 700 1,575 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.7 15.4 17.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 26.2 26.3 26.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 29.2 28.8 29.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.0 17.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.5 7.2 13.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,040 4,680 5,355 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,895 1,475 1,420 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,045 530 520 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 6,650 3,025 3,625 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 490 185 305 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.3 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 14.9 15.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.3 1.9 2.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,115 56,110 60,005 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 114,370 55,430 58,940 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 114,215 55,385 58,820 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 11,755 5,190 6,560 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 28,390 13,755 14,635 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,375 13,745 14,625 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,965 3,010 2,950 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 110 35 75 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 110 30 75 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,855 2,985 2,875 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 55 25 30 1,755 905 855
Arabic 5,090 2,615 2,475 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 95 115 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,300 620 680 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 30 10 20 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 140 70 65 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 380 155 230 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 305 120 185 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,045 435 610 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 60 25 35 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 70 35 35 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 10 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,010 415 590 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 180 75 105 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 150 60 95 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 135 65 70 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 10 0 0 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 105 50 55 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 20 15 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 18,210 8,850 9,365 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 555 270 280 1,135 580 555
Armenian 105 50 55 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 6,810 3,230 3,575 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 65 25 35 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 20 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 6,745 3,205 3,540 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 165 85 75 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 45 20 25 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,515 745 770 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 105 50 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 690 345 345 345 180 160
Polish 1,595 720 870 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 420 180 245 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,150 1,070 1,085 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 60 1,240 595 645
Slovak 310 125 190 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 60 725 330 400
Ukrainian 260 85 175 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,275 630 650 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 15 10 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 20 25 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 145 75 70 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,015 510 505 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 15 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 595 300 300 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,235 1,130 1,105 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,045 1,040 1,005 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 30 10 15 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 175 85 85 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 640 330 305 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 25 15 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 395 210 180 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 890 425 465 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 495 255 235 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 205 100 105 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 65 35 35 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 20 0 15 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 130 70 60 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,085 3,495 3,590 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,500 1,750 1,755 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 305 140 160 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,315 625 695 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,170 1,105 1,060 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 40 30 10 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 85 35 50 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 525 250 280 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 20 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 25 10 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 95 50 50 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 0 35 210 95 115
Shona 15 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 90 35 50 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 105 55 50 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 45 50 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 250 120 135
Sign languages 280 135 145 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 180 85 100 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 390 485 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 880 395 485 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 365 175 190 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 470 180 290 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 60 50 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 120 55 65 1,125 505 620
Thai 40 10 30 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 290 145 145 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 280 145 140 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 740 365 375 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 45 25 20 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 690 345 345 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,115 56,115 60,000 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,605 53,635 56,970 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,785 11,085 10,700 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,815 42,550 46,265 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,510 2,475 3,030 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,115 56,110 60,005 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 89,800 43,545 46,250 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 25,820 12,290 13,530 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 9,415 4,525 4,890 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,110 1,470 1,645 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 5,285 2,440 2,845 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,030 2,460 2,575 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,440 1,225 1,210 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,595 1,240 1,360 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,975 1,385 1,590 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 500 280 220 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 25,820 12,290 13,530 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,845 1,445 1,395 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,570 2,360 2,205 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,325 2,770 3,560 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 10,065 4,805 5,260 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,015 905 1,105 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 25,820 12,285 13,530 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,900 1,635 2,265 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 30 10 25 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 200 100 100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 365 195 175 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 40 10 30 920 415 500
Haiti 115 30 80 265 110 160
Jamaica 360 170 185 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 175 70 105 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 100 40 65 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,080 810 1,265 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 435 205 230 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 12,255 6,020 6,235 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 670 305 365 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,250 650 600 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 160 75 80 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 375 190 185 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 350 180 175 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 325 175 150 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 35 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,995 1,020 975 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 175 120 55 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,195 545 650 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 125 50 80 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,115 520 595 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 135 65 70 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 765 390 370 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 85 25 55 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,770 850 915 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,700 825 875 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,130 555 570 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 85 45 40 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 50 30 25 1,665 835 825
Kenya 25 20 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 15 0 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 150 90 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 55 10 40 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 110 40 65 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 625 315 315 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,500 4,070 4,435 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 20 10 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 440 170 275 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 30 35 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,000 480 520 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 160 85 75 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,400 1,160 1,235 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 10 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 15 35 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,010 530 475 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 275 160 115 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,085 455 625 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 45 20 25 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 530 260 270 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 35 15 20 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 220 85 140 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,175 590 590 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 20 20 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,975 1,390 1,590 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 545 245 300 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 20 10 15 465 220 240
Cuba 15 0 15 70 35 30
Haiti 45 10 40 15 0 10
Jamaica 40 20 20 160 115 45
Mexico 60 15 45 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 255 140 115 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 65 40 25 1,855 875 975
Europe 375 180 195 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 85