Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor--Tecumseh
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Windsor--Tecumseh [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,429 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,528 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,893 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,141 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 719.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 163.24 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,430 56,555 60,875 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 18,555 9,535 9,020 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,845 2,965 2,885 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,200 3,210 2,985 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,515 3,365 3,155 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 76,155 36,980 39,175 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,815 3,480 3,335 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,180 3,660 3,520 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,995 3,465 3,530 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,690 3,140 3,550 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,775 3,205 3,570 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,560 3,650 3,910 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,915 3,855 4,060 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,825 4,290 4,540 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,115 4,340 4,775 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 8,270 3,895 4,380 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 22,720 10,040 12,680 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,620 3,510 4,110 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,385 2,550 2,840 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,050 1,840 2,215 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,705 1,160 1,550 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,955 985 1,970 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,855 685 1,170 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 865 250 610 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 210 40 170 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 10 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.8 16.9 14.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.3 17.8 20.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.5 41.3 43.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.8 42.5 45.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 31,060 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,785 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,290 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,360 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 4,830 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,475 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,555 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 15,995 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,910 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,540 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,290 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,405 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 116,195 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 98,870 47,015 51,860 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 53,335 26,665 26,670 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 45,575 22,790 22,785 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,765 3,875 3,890 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 45,535 20,355 25,185 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,580 14,605 12,975 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,415 1,460 1,950 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 7,730 2,975 4,755 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,810 1,310 5,500 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,605 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 17,555 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,395 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,050 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,600 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,600 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 26,165 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 22,285 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,880 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,435 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,995 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,440 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,165 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,115 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,050 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,240 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,420 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,395 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,435 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,440 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 2,155 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 840 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 20,815 9,395 11,415 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,125 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,560 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,565 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 725 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,295 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 15,995 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,300 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,365 56,165 60,200 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 102,840 50,345 52,490 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 180 65 115 1,810 820 985
English and French 11,590 5,090 6,505 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,760 665 1,090 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,370 56,165 60,200 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 110,215 53,520 56,690 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 3,525 1,575 1,950 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 910 420 490 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,715 650 1,070 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,980 1,785 2,195 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,365 56,170 60,200 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 113,795 54,945 58,845 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 90,195 43,710 46,485 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 86,470 42,035 44,430 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 3,725 1,675 2,050 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 23,600 11,235 12,365 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,580 11,230 12,355 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,150 2,575 2,575 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 85 35 55 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 85 30 55 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 5,065 2,540 2,520 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 40 20 20 1,370 670 700
Arabic 3,555 1,820 1,740 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 100 115 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,060 505 560 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 105 55 50 215 100 115
Tigrigna 25 10 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 350 160 185 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 25 35 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 285 135 150 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 835 330 510 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 25 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 35 15 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 15 5 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 740 295 455 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 30 40 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 55 25 30 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 100 55 45 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 30 15 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 55 30 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 15,060 7,145 7,920 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 365 180 185 1,465 765 705
Armenian 85 30 50 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 6,100 2,875 3,225 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 5 20 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 6,070 2,865 3,210 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 165 80 80 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 60 25 35 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,080 520 555 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 75 35 45 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 595 290 305 325 160 165
Polish 1,415 655 765 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 185 75 115 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,760 880 880 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 65 1,395 670 725
Slovak 275 115 160 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 225 90 135 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 920 405 515 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 25 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 170 75 90 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 5 295 145 145
German 670 290 380 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 0 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 375 190 185 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 945 905 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,670 855 820 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 15 15 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 155 80 75 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 140 75 65 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 15 10 10 620 325 295
Nepali 390 190 195 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 655 340 315 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,675 845 830
Urdu 265 135 130 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 175 85 85 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 40 25 15 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 0 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 115 60 60 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 5,355 2,515 2,845 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 2,685 1,275 1,410 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 240 105 135 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,125 540 585 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,295 590 705 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 20 10 15 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 65 30 35 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 305 145 160 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 15 10 5 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 10 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 70 35 40 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 55 25 30 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 25 25 340 175 165
Dinka 10 5 10 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 35 15 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 10 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 690 330 360 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 670 315 355 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 305 150 150 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 275 120 160 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 20 10 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 35 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 50 20 25 1,100 550 550
Thai 10 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 215 100 110 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 200 100 100 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 560 245 315 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 40 25 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 515 225 295 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,575 1,220 1,355 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 605 280 320 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,745 840 905 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 140 65 80 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 90 35 55 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,365 56,170 60,200 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 110,955 53,575 57,380 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 99,530 48,180 51,350 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 98,380 47,675 50,705 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,145 505 645 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 11,430 5,395 6,030 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,425 5,395 6,030 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,120 1,485 1,635 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 50 15 30 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 45 15 30 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 3,075 1,470 1,605 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 20 10 10 600 275 320
Arabic 2,210 1,080 1,135 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 65 80 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 630 285 345 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 15 10 10 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 105 115 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 190 95 100 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 355 165 190 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 330 155 170 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 50 25 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40 25 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 10 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 15 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 6,655 3,130 3,525 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 170 80 85 695 335 360
Armenian 50 20 30 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,720 1,280 1,435 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,715 1,280 1,430 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 85 35 45 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 390 175 210 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 25 10 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 315 155 155 150 75 75
Polish 620 295 325 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 85 35 50 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 965 470 495 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 60 25 30 500 235 265
Slovak 90 40 50 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 25 10 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 95 45 50 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 5 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 80 40 40 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 160 80 80 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,200 595 600 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,120 560 555 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 15 5 10 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 120 60 60 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 65 35 35 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 0 270 140 130
Nepali 325 155 170 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 225 215 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 145 75 65 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 80 35 40 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 20 10 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 5 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 30 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,270 1,025 1,245 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 890 365 525 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 80 35 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 580 280 295 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 705 340 370 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 50 25 25 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 65 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 35 15 20 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 30 15 15 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 20 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 20 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 395 200 200 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 385 195 190 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 165 85 80 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 165 80 90 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 10 5 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 15 10 5 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 110 50 60 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 105 45 55 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 200 85 120 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 15 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 190 75 110 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 5,405 2,590 2,820 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 370 165 210 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 4,780 2,320 2,460 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 55 25 30 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 200 85 115 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,370 56,165 60,200 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 101,440 49,145 52,295 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,235 2,555 2,680 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 2,240 925 1,305 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,090 3,375 3,720 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 10 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 7,075 3,365 3,705 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 90 40 50 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 100 50 55 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 165 75 90 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,655 46,580 51,075 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,300 44,680 48,615 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,835 41,459 27,974 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,340 44,685 48,655 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,932 36,957 25,983 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,615 40,250 41,370 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,285 38,985 24,730 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,910 32,160 39,745 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,068 6,053 7,597 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,625 35,110 31,510 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,808 34,068 26,492 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,525 46,575 50,950 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,160 44,625 48,535 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,358 51,488 35,882 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,195 44,630 48,565 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,105 43,350 31,366 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,715 40,195 41,525 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,874 50,591 33,437 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,750 32,110 39,640 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,606 8,233 8,908 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,530 34,910 31,615 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,994 45,390 34,036 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,525 46,575 50,955 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,480 16,440 13,035 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,766 56,545 44,842 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,205 67,127 51,474 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.7 79.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.7 69.0 61.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.3 20.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,655 46,580 51,075 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,355 1,895 2,460 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 93,295 44,680 48,615 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.9 95.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,645 5,250 7,400 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 16,140 6,060 10,085 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 13,365 5,040 8,320 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,580 5,125 6,460 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 11,230 5,880 5,350 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,810 4,320 3,495 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,295 3,090 2,205 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,005 2,500 1,505 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,115 1,960 1,160 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,495 1,435 1,065 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,610 4,035 1,575 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,985 2,780 1,205 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,625 1,260 370 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,655 46,580 51,075 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,315 1,895 2,420 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 93,335 44,685 48,655 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.9 95.3 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,075 5,315 7,765 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 16,825 6,365 10,465 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 15,480 5,975 9,505 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 14,530 6,980 7,550 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 11,760 6,395 5,360 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,335 4,265 3,070 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,985 3,190 1,795 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,540 2,145 1,395 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,805 4,060 1,750 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,985 1,290 690 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,075 750 325 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,750 2,020 730 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,650 46,580 51,075 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 31,030 11,465 19,565 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 66,620 35,110 31,510 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.2 75.4 61.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,850 7,465 5,390 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,915 2,070 2,845 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,400 3,630 4,770 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,260 3,135 4,125 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,990 3,170 3,820 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,225 3,000 3,225 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,745 2,660 2,080 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 2,070 1,375 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980 1,930 1,055 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,795 5,980 2,820 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 1,530 855 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,060 1,145 915 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,355 3,305 1,050 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,190 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,995 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,443 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,793 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,145 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,928 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,757 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,135 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,569 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,975 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,045 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,953 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,323 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,090 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,333 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,403 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,140 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 605 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,520 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,945 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,320 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,220 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,305 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,490 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,575 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,505 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,990 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,520 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,150 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,595 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,150 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,775 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,125 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,190 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,060 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,140 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 640 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,535 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,030 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,620 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,525 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,740 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,085 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,975 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,870 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,145 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,540 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,795 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,020 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,485 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,415 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,190 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,330 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,895 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,340 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,865 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,681 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,280 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,764 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,261 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,180 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,632 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,573 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,030 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,725 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,029 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,230 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,640 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,611 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,210 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,177 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,247 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,185 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,942 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,296 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,000 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,458 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,332 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 18,440 8,425 10,015 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,655 40,498 32,230 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,168 35,567 29,767 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,500 8,470 10,030 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,965 47,186 39,399 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,744 39,547 34,377 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 116,195 56,110 60,085 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,780 28,440 33,340 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,685 5,810 6,870 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 12,465 5,335 7,120 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,310 5,625 6,685 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,175 5,715 6,460 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,145 5,950 6,200 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 54,420 27,670 26,745 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,045 6,060 5,985 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,245 5,675 5,570 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,405 5,820 5,585 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,925 5,560 5,365 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,805 4,555 4,245 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 116,195 56,110 60,085 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 22,610 11,560 11,050 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,000 3,565 3,430 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 71,810 34,795 37,020 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 21,775 9,760 12,015 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,380 8,620 10,765 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 5,935 3,035 2,900 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,045 1,025 1,020 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,170 4,885 6,285 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,280 700 1,575 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.7 15.4 17.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 26.2 26.3 26.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 29.2 28.8 29.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.0 17.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.5 7.2 13.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,040 4,680 5,355 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,895 1,475 1,420 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,045 530 520 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,650 3,025 3,625 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 490 185 305 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.3 8.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 14.9 15.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.3 1.9 2.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,115 56,110 60,005 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 114,370 55,430 58,940 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 114,215 55,385 58,820 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 11,755 5,190 6,560 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 28,390 13,755 14,635 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,375 13,745 14,625 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,965 3,010 2,950 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 110 35 75 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 110 30 75 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,855 2,985 2,875 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 25 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 5,090 2,615 2,475 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 95 115 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,300 620 680 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 30 10 20 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 140 70 65 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 380 155 230 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 305 120 185 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,045 435 610 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 60 25 35 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 70 35 35 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,010 415 590 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 180 75 105 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 150 60 95 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 135 65 70 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 10 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 105 50 55 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 15 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 18,210 8,850 9,365 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 555 270 280 1,640 840 795
Armenian 105 50 55 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 6,810 3,230 3,575 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 65 25 35 1,030 515 520
Latvian 20 10 15 555 290 265
Lithuanian 40 20 20 475 220 250
Slavic languages 6,745 3,205 3,540 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 165 85 75 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 45 20 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,515 745 770 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 105 50 55 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 690 345 345 400 220 185
Polish 1,595 720 870 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 420 180 245 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,150 1,070 1,085 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 60 1,525 770 750
Slovak 310 125 190 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 60 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 260 85 175 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 420 215 205
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,275 630 650 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 15 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 50 20 25 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 145 75 70 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 0 10 465 230 240
German 1,015 510 505 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 25 15 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 595 300 300 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,235 1,130 1,105 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,045 1,040 1,005 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 30 10 15 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 175 85 85 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 640 330 305 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 25 15 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 395 210 180 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 890 425 465 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 495 255 235 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 205 100 105 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 65 35 35 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 20 0 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 130 70 60 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 7,085 3,495 3,590 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 3,500 1,750 1,755 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 305 140 160 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,315 625 695 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,170 1,105 1,060 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 40 30 10 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 85 35 50 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 525 250 280 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 20 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 95 50 50 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 0 35 290 125 165
Shona 15 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 90 35 50 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 105 55 50 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 45 50 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 325 155 165
Sign languages 280 135 145 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 180 85 100 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 390 485 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 880 395 485 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 365 175 190 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 470 180 290 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 60 50 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 120 55 65 1,630 735 890
Thai 40 10 30 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 290 145 145 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 280 145 140 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 740 365 375 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 45 25 20 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 690 345 345 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,115 56,115 60,000 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,605 53,635 56,970 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,785 11,085 10,700 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,815 42,550 46,265 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,510 2,475 3,030 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,115 56,110 60,005 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 89,800 43,545 46,250 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 25,820 12,290 13,530 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 9,415 4,525 4,890 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 3,110 1,470 1,645 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 5,285 2,440 2,845 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 5,030 2,460 2,575 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 2,440 1,225 1,210 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 2,595 1,240 1,360 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,975 1,385 1,590 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 500 280 220 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 25,820 12,290 13,530 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,845 1,445 1,395 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 4,570 2,360 2,205 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,325 2,770 3,560 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 10,065 4,805 5,260 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,015 905 1,105 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 25,820 12,285 13,530 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,900 1,635 2,265 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 10 25 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 200 100 100 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 365 195 175 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 40 10 30 1,305 600 710
Haiti 115 30 80 570 250 315
Jamaica 360 170 185 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 175 70 105 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 100 40 65 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,080 810 1,265 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 435 205 230 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 12,255 6,020 6,235 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 670 305 365 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,250 650 600 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 160 75 80 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 375 190 185 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 350 180 175 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 325 175 150 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 35 35 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,995 1,020 975 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 175 120 55 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,195 545 650 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 125 50 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,115 520 595 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 135 65 70 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 765 390 370 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 85 25 55 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,770 850 915 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,700 825 875 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,130 555 570 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 85 45 40 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 50 30 25 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 25 20 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 0 15 985 535 455
Nigeria 150 90 60 1,740 925 815
Somalia 55 10 40 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 110 40 65 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 625 315 315 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 8,500 4,070 4,435 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 20 10 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 440 170 275 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 30 35 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,000 480 520 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 160 85 75 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,400 1,160 1,235 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10 10 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 15 35 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,010 530 475 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 275 160 115 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,085 455 625 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 45 20 25 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 530 260 270 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 35 15 20 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 220 85 140 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,175 590 590 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 20 20 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,975 1,390 1,590 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 545 245 300 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 10 15 580 250 325
Cuba 15 0 15 140 60 80
Haiti 45 10 40 35 35 10
Jamaica 40 20 20 625 355 265
Mexico 60 15 45 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 255 140 115 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 65 40 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 375 180 195 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 85 35 50 690 310 380
Russian Federation