Census Profile, 2016 Census
York Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , York Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : York Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 104,319 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 100,277 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,609 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,868 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,963.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 35.20 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 104,320 49,200 55,120 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 15,755 8,185 7,570 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,510 2,785 2,725 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,200 2,745 2,450 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,045 2,660 2,390 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 70,870 33,475 37,395 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,100 3,170 2,930 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,995 3,580 3,415 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,790 3,355 3,440 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,370 3,490 3,880 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,745 3,405 4,340 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,135 3,115 4,020 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,500 3,355 4,140 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,000 3,790 4,215 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,395 3,505 3,890 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,830 2,710 3,120 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 17,695 7,540 10,155 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,070 2,345 2,720 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,365 1,470 1,890 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,350 1,450 1,905 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,735 1,130 1,600 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,180 1,135 2,045 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,965 720 1,245 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 955 325 635 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 220 75 140 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 10 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 16.6 13.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.0 67.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.0 15.3 18.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.0 2.3 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.4 39.9 42.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.9 39.1 42.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,865 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,215 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 17,115 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,530 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,890 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,120 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,845 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,640 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,870 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,710 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,690 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,185 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,060 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,220 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,720 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 88,565 41,015 47,550 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 45,795 22,625 23,170 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 41,210 20,340 20,875 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,585 2,285 2,300 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 42,765 18,395 24,375 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,645 13,815 13,830 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,940 1,185 1,765 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,550 2,390 4,155 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,635 1,005 4,625 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,675 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,180 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,375 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,800 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,325 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,675 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 21,860 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 19,565 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,290 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,815 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,745 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,075 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,860 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 8,890 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 12,965 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,540 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,265 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,160 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,815 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,285 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,835 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 695 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,685 8,150 11,535 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,870 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,840 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,945 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,900 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,375 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,655 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,715 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,940 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 103,825 49,030 54,795 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 92,815 44,430 48,390 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 95 40 55 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,660 2,520 3,140 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 5,260 2,045 3,210 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 103,825 49,030 54,800 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 96,690 46,115 50,575 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 985 475 510 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 960 425 535 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,190 2,010 3,180 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,470 690 775 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 103,825 49,035 54,800 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 98,965 46,845 52,125 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 43,515 21,720 21,795 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 42,680 21,310 21,370 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 840 405 425 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 55,455 25,125 30,325 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 55,445 25,125 30,325 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,235 1,170 1,065 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 150 70 85 1,505 765 740
Bilen 15 10 5 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 205 115 95
Somali 105 45 65 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,080 1,095 985 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 60 25 35 1,370 670 700
Arabic 620 330 290 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 50 50 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 1,095 595 500 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 10 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 160 75 90 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,070 955 1,120 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 30 45 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,985 915 1,065 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 11,825 4,530 7,295 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 30 15 10 375 165 215
Cebuano 415 170 245 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 195 75 120 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 1,365 555 815 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 40 20 20 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 30 55 700 320 380
Pangasinan 40 15 25 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,500 3,600 5,900 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 30 10 20 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 40 85 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 120 60 65 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 55 20 30 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 530 270 255 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 45 25 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 405 205 200 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 65 35 25 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 31,095 14,535 16,560 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 275 140 135 1,465 765 705
Armenian 205 95 110 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 10,990 4,965 6,020 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 110 50 55 1,070 485 585
Latvian 50 30 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 60 25 35 505 225 280
Slavic languages 10,880 4,915 5,965 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 35 15 15 95 45 50
Bosnian 15 5 10 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 265 135 130 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 120 55 65 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 100 50 55 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 60 35 30 325 160 165
Polish 610 260 350 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 8,660 3,910 4,750 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 310 160 160 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 65 30 35 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 545 220 325 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 945 390 555 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 10 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 10 5 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 40 20 20 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 295 115 180 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 0 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 575 240 335 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 695 335 360 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 3,280 1,720 1,560 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,520 780 740 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 225 115 105 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 355 175 180 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 235 125 110 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 35 20 15 620 325 295
Nepali 65 30 35 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 220 110 105 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 15 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 40 1,675 845 830
Urdu 275 140 135 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,710 910 800 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 175 100 75 1,765 945 825
Pashto 45 25 20 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,485 780 700 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 14,715 6,890 7,825 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 7,070 3,270 3,800 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,565 760 805 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 805 365 445 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 5,270 2,500 2,770 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 105 65 40
Japanese 90 25 70 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 395 225 170 85 50 35
Georgian 400 225 175 85 50 40
Korean 1,565 745 820 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 360 150 205
Mongolian 15 10 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 450 215 235 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 180 85 95 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 30 10 20 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 30 15 10 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 45 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 50 25 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 15 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,750 1,250 1,505 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 2,665 1,205 1,460 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,205 555 650 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 10 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,060 480 580 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 105 135 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 45 65 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 45 45 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 35 20 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 35 15 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 35 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 40 20 20 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 10 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,310 690 625 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 165 85 80 530 290 235
Turkish 1,045 555 495 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 70 35 35 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 885 405 485 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 15 5 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 855 395 460 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 4,865 2,190 2,675 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 175 80 95 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,495 2,010 2,480 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 115 60 55 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 80 40 40 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 103,830 49,030 54,800 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 91,200 43,430 47,770 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 58,095 28,445 29,655 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 57,735 28,275 29,460 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 365 170 195 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 33,100 14,990 18,115 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,100 14,990 18,110 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,050 505 540 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 80 35 45 770 355 415
Bilen 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 5 90 50 45
Somali 55 20 35 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 970 475 495 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 35 10 15 600 275 320
Arabic 290 145 145 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 35 30 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 500 240 260 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 65 30 40 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,570 720 850 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 15 25 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,520 700 820 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 6,665 2,720 3,940 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 175 70 105 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 65 25 40 415 175 240
Ilocano 570 240 325 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 10 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 20 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,735 2,335 3,400 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40 310 150 160
Creole languages 55 30 25 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 310 150 155 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 10 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 265 130 135 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 25 15 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 18,450 8,440 10,005 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 105 55 50 695 335 360
Armenian 145 65 80 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 7,795 3,520 4,270 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 55 30 25 210 90 115
Latvian 20 10 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 35 15 20 125 60 65
Slavic languages 7,740 3,495 4,245 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 185 95 95 1,035 485 550
Croatian 40 20 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 50 20 25 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 20 15 10 150 75 75
Polish 210 95 110 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 6,770 3,045 3,725 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 185 90 100 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 20 5 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 225 95 130 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 110 50 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 0 0 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 30 10 20 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 70 35 40 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 360 175 195 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,015 1,025 990 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 815 420 395 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 120 70 55 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 210 105 105 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 135 65 70 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 45 25 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 55 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 675 330 340
Urdu 140 70 65 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,175 585 585 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 110 65 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 35 15 20 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,030 505 520 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 7,915 3,550 4,365 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 3,505 1,500 2,005 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 740 380 365 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 375 160 215 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 3,295 1,510 1,780 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 5 10
Japanese 25 10 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 310 175 130 30 15 10
Georgian 310 180 130 30 15 15
Korean 1,195 560 635 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 10 5 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 155 75 80 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 85 45 45 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 15 5 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 20 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 20 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,980 910 1,070 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,920 880 1,040 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 900 400 500 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 790 380 415 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 65 80 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 25 35 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 1,745 885 865
Burmese 25 10 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 30 15 15 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 20 1,380 595 785
Lao 30 15 10 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 880 465 415 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 75 40 40 195 105 95
Turkish 745 395 350 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 5 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 50 30 25 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 390 180 210 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 380 175 205 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 12,630 5,595 7,035 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 150 70 80 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 12,260 5,435 6,825 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 30 10 20 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 185 85 105 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 103,830 49,035 54,800 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 74,985 35,840 39,150 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 12,735 5,900 6,835 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 550 250 295 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 14,965 6,790 8,180 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 0 0 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 14,965 6,790 8,175 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 65 25 40 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 390 175 220 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 125 50 75 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 87,985 40,820 47,175 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,670 38,640 45,035 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,937 30,246 24,978 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,685 38,645 45,040 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,408 28,112 23,814 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,995 34,105 37,890 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,676 30,798 23,939 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,775 26,895 36,880 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,912 1,405 4,368 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,170 29,135 31,035 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,300 33,009 26,468 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,040 40,815 47,225 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,805 38,730 45,075 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,225 48,080 35,335 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,810 38,730 45,080 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,555 39,122 30,632 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,080 34,205 37,875 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,670 49,343 34,739 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,670 26,820 36,850 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,089 6,495 7,521 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,265 29,270 30,995 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,610 48,079 35,501 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,040 40,815 47,230 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,540 14,040 12,500 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,922 51,630 42,575 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,768 68,025 52,615 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.5 82.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.6 75.3 67.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.5 17.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 87,990 40,815 47,170 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,315 2,180 2,140 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 83,675 38,640 45,035 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.1 94.7 95.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,345 6,615 7,725 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,455 7,090 10,360 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 13,475 5,470 8,000 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,980 4,380 5,605 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,755 3,575 4,175 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,325 2,670 2,655 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 3,885 2,055 1,830 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 2,870 1,640 1,230 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,015 1,140 870 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,640 855 785 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,940 3,145 1,790 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,080 1,860 1,215 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,860 1,285 580 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 87,990 40,815 47,170 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,310 2,175 2,130 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 83,680 38,640 45,040 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 94.7 95.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,510 6,685 7,825 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,160 7,425 10,735 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 15,365 6,305 9,060 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,480 5,200 6,285 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,045 3,875 4,170 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,270 2,795 2,475 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,485 1,960 1,525 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,350 1,260 1,085 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,020 3,135 1,880 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,565 890 675 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 875 520 350 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,580 1,725 855 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 87,985 40,820 47,175 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 27,815 11,690 16,135 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 60,170 29,130 31,040 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.4 71.4 65.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,380 3,500 3,880 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,390 2,435 2,955 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,555 4,185 5,375 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,280 3,420 4,860 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,180 3,255 3,925 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,035 2,815 3,220 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,150 2,175 1,980 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,080 1,690 1,385 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,270 1,340 930 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,850 4,320 2,535 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 985 670 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,525 785 740 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,670 2,550 1,120 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,870 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,069 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,128 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,710 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,040 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,974 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,155 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,910 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,605 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,840 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,717 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,690 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,650 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,754 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,459 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,190 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,117 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,271 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,870 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 745 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 625 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,095 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,390 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,900 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,895 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,985 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,910 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,850 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,275 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,965 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,540 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,250 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,960 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,540 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,505 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,265 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,410 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,360 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,865 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 800 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 620 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,105 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,455 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,065 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,075 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,170 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,255 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,285 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,100 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,735 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,275 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,785 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,325 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,845 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,985 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,160 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,845 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,980 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,045 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,732 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,646 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,725 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,712 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,198 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,990 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,783 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,619 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,135 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,896 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,050 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,100 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,978 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,011 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,695 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,947 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,121 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,065 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,788 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,412 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,130 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,579 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,635 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,995 6,950 9,045 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,397 29,221 25,238 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,926 27,008 24,128 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,975 7,055 8,915 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,897 41,027 33,626 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,758 34,492 29,594 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 103,720 49,000 54,725 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,530 28,130 33,405 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 13,745 6,350 7,400 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,920 6,110 7,810 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,550 5,675 6,870 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,380 5,260 6,115 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,940 4,725 5,215 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 42,190 20,875 21,315 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,380 4,570 4,810 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 8,080 3,930 4,145 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,850 3,945 3,910 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,995 3,950 4,050 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,880 4,475 4,405 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 103,720 49,000 54,725 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 19,275 10,035 9,245 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,550 3,335 3,210 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 67,155 31,530 35,630 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 17,285 7,430 9,855 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,555 8,880 10,670 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,440 2,290 2,150 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,490 725 760 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,590 5,370 6,220 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,525 1,225 2,300 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.9 18.1 19.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 22.8 23.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.7 21.7 23.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.3 17.0 17.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 20.4 16.5 23.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,130 7,365 8,765 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 3,405 1,805 1,605 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,135 575 560 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,305 4,795 5,510 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,425 765 1,660 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.6 15.0 16.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 18.0 17.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.2 17.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 14.0 10.3 16.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 103,760 48,990 54,770 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 98,300 46,830 51,470 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 98,225 46,805 51,425 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,840 2,470 3,365 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 68,250 31,035 37,220 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 0 15 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 15 0 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 15 0 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,235 31,035 37,205 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,480 3,260 3,220 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 205 90 110 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 60 30 30 245 140 110
Somali 150 60 85 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,300 3,175 3,125 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 145 65 75 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,300 630 665 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 190 90 100 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 10 10 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 4,745 2,405 2,330 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 20 15 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 125 55 65 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,705 1,225 1,485 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,635 1,195 1,435 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 15,150 5,920 9,230 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 40 15 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 515 190 330 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 225 80 140 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 1,800 760 1,040 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 10 0 25 15 10
Malay 70 40 30 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 60 50 855 365 495
Pangasinan 40 0 35 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,505 5,660 8,845 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 80 25 55 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 350 165 185 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 210 90 115 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 65 90 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 590 305 290 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 30 15 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 20 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 490 250 245 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 40 30 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 37,735 17,590 20,150 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 255 130 125 1,640 840 795
Armenian 295 135 160 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 12,685 5,585 7,105 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 180 85 95 1,030 515 520
Latvian 110 65 50 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 25 45 475 220 250
Slavic languages 12,640 5,570 7,075 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 80 35 45 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 340 165 175 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 205 100 105 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 175 85 95 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 85 35 45 400 220 185
Polish 805 305 500 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 10,575 4,660 5,920 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 350 195 155 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 60 20 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 110 50 55 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 25 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,295 555 735 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,765 770 1,000 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 90 35 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 10 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 115 65 55 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 615 275 345 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 10 0 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 945 400 545 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,195 565 635 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 4,055 2,095 1,960 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,090 1,135 950 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 310 170 135 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 405 220 185 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 890 475 415 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 0 15 415 215 200
Marathi 65 35 30 1,475 780 695
Nepali 65 35 30 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 410 220 190 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 25 15 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 80 50 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 425 200 230 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,900 920 975 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 270 140 130 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 70 35 30 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,605 770 835 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 18,595 8,790 9,800 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 9,150 4,325 4,825 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,955 920 1,035 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,015 465 550 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 7,050 3,325 3,725 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 380 245 140
Japanese 215 75 140 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 470 255 215 115 55 60
Georgian 465 255 215 115 55 55
Korean 1,625 820 810 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 830 405 425 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 325 165 160 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 60 10 50 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 25 10 15 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 75 40 35 425 240 185
Lingala 10 10 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 165 75 90 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 10 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 100 55 45 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 60 40 25 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 30 15 20 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,425 1,645 1,775 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 3,325 1,605 1,720 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,670 790 880 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 40 15 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,595 790 800 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 130 120 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 35 50 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 45 60 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 55 25 30 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 30 15 20 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 70 40 30 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 45 20 20 1,630 735 890
Thai 30 20 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,555 760 795 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 275 115 155 945 510 435
Turkish 1,205 610 595 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 85 50 35 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,050 510 535 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 10 15 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,015 495 515 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 103,760 48,990 54,770 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 84,475 40,475 44,005 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,615 8,690 7,925 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 67,860 31,785 36,075 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,285 8,515 10,770 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 103,760 48,990 54,770 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 42,455 21,595 20,860 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 58,435 26,260 32,175 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 13,505 6,170 7,335 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 6,410 3,135 3,275 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 11,955 5,160 6,795 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 15,205 6,660 8,540 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 6,840 3,005 3,830 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 8,365 3,660 4,710 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,360 5,130 6,235 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,870 1,145 1,730 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 58,435 26,255 32,175 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,330 1,665 1,675 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,280 4,655 4,625 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 12,290 5,655 6,635 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 26,420 11,325 15,100 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,115 2,970 4,150 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 58,435 26,260 32,180 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 9,250 4,120 5,130 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 140 65 85 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 640 280 360 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 540 265 275 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 745 300 445 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 30 25 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,195 930 1,265 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 265 120 145 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 205 80 125 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 425 170 250 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 690 330 355 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,340 1,535 1,800 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 19,615 8,930 10,680 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 125 60 65 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 110 65 50 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 145 70 75 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 355 195 160 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 580 260 315 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 565 265 300 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 10 15 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 5,355 2,490 2,865 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 70 45 25 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 800 295 500 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,000 465 530 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 780 365 415 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 3,615 1,470 2,145 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 230 130 100 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 2,655 1,100 1,555 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 575 290 285 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,630 1,355 1,275 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,255 1,085 1,170 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 30 20 15 485 310 175
Egypt 200 100 100 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 120 45 80 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 70 25 45 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 310 160 150 985 535 455
Nigeria 275 140 125 1,740 925 815
Somalia 135 50 80 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 315 130 190 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 795 410 380 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 27,250 12,090 15,165 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 320 150 175 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 160 90 65 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,125 535 590 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 260 130 135 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,185 640 545 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,075 515 555 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 345 185 160 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 45 10 40 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,155 570 580 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 165 95 70 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 265 145 125 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 13,640 5,470 8,165 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 380 195 185 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 115 45 75 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 60 20 40 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 2,275 1,000 1,270 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 4,695 2,315 2,390 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 35 35 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,360 5,130 6,230 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,070 550 515 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 30 10 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 65 35 30 580 250 325
Cuba 35 10 30 140 60 80
Haiti 20 15 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 185 100 90 625 355 265
Mexico 120 60 55 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 145 100 50 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 450 215 230 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,340 635 705 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 10 970 510 460
Germany 25 0 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 155 75 80 245 120 125
Romania 80 45 40 690 310 380
Russian Federation