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Census Profile, 2016 Census
York--Simcoe [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York--Simcoe
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , York--Simcoe [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : York--Simcoe [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 104,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 94,616  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 131.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 791.32  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 104,010 51,645 52,370 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,435 9,345 9,095 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,150 3,105 3,045 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,310 3,225 3,085 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,980 3,015 2,965 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 71,275 35,575 35,700 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,455 3,335 3,120 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 6,355 3,330 3,025 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,195 3,215 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,670 3,300 3,370 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,650 3,225 3,425 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,995 3,490 3,505 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,715 3,805 3,905 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,230 4,515 4,720 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,375 4,175 4,200 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,425 3,205 3,215 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 14,300 6,725 7,570 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,200 2,590 2,610 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,510 1,700 1,810 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,340 1,135 1,205 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,655 735 920 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,595 570 1,025 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,050 395 655 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 430 145 285 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 95 25 70 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.1 17.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.5 68.9 68.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 13.7 13.0 14.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 39.1 40.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.7 40.1 41.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 29,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 6,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 11,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 102,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,575 42,300 43,270 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 52,365 26,180 26,180 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 43,850 21,955 21,900 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 8,515 4,230 4,285 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 33,210 16,120 17,090 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 21,935 12,085 9,845 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,545 1,105 1,435 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 4,650 2,005 2,645 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,085 920 3,160 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 25,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 21,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 10,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 14,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,700 5,635 6,060 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 7,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 6,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 102,720 51,030 51,690 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 96,160 48,270 47,885 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 25 15 15 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 5,320 2,265 3,060 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 1,210 480 730 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 102,725 51,030 51,695 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 100,145 49,895 50,255 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,095 520 575 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 295 145 150 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 1,190 470 715 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,235 590 645 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 102,720 51,030 51,690 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 100,965 50,180 50,785 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 84,045 41,880 42,165 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 82,890 41,325 41,565 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,155 555 600 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 16,920 8,300 8,615 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 25 10 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 5 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,895 8,295 8,605 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 710 360 345 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 0 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 705 360 340 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 15 5 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 320 170 150 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 190 90 95 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 70 40 30 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 35 10 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 580 260 315 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 85 100 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 395 175 220 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 470 170 300 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 20 5 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 25 10 10 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 15 5 10 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 405 150 255 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5 5 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 545 255 290 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 30 15 15 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 505 235 270 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 5 5 5 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 12,170 6,130 6,045 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 55 30 25 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 70 30 40 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,605 1,240 1,360 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 60 25 35 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 0 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 40 20 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,545 1,225 1,325 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 25 15 15 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 80 40 35 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 55 25 35 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 135 70 65 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 555 255 295 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,170 565 605 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 90 50 40 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 115 60 55 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 240 105 135 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,415 690 720 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 5 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 60 30 35 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 385 185 200 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 10 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 890 445 445 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 305 160 145 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,710 865 850 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,065 535 530 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 30 15 15 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 160 85 75 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 85 45 40 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 0 0 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 0 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 290 140 145 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 10 5 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 450 225 225 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 635 325 305 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 15 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 15 5 5 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 610 310 295 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 6,005 3,100 2,900 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 1,935 1,055 880 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 2,500 1,285 1,220 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 260 120 135 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,305 640 665 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 30 15 15 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 175 80 90 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 80 45 40 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 10 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 5 0 5 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,270 575 700 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,265 570 695 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 585 265 320 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 5 0 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 555 250 305 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 25 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 150 65 85 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 130 60 70 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 70 35 30 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 70 35 35 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 610 280 330 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 80 35 50 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 150 70 80 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 385 180 205 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,755 850 910 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 215 85 130 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,470 725 745 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 25 15 15 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 40 20 25 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 102,720 51,030 51,690 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 99,090 49,225 49,860 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 91,930 45,790 46,140 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 91,635 45,655 45,980 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 295 135 160 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 7,160 3,440 3,720 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,155 3,435 3,720 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 330 165 165 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 325 165 165 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 135 65 70 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120 55 65 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 35 20 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 345 155 185 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 45 45 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 255 115 140 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 135 60 70 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 55 65 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 5 0 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 420 190 225 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 10 5 5 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 400 185 220 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,650 2,265 2,390 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 30 15 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,235 600 640 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,225 595 630 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 10 0 5 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 50 20 30 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 185 85 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 795 395 400 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 20 10 10 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 40 20 20 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 95 50 50 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 110 60 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 95 50 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 70 35 40 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 950 465 480 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 630 310 320 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 20 10 15 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 105 45 55 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 25 10 15 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 5 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 190 95 90 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 265 130 135 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 315 150 160 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 5 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 0 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 295 145 150 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,215 1,075 1,145 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 440 205 235 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,065 520 550 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 130 65 65 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 585 290 295 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 15 5 10 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 105 55 50 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 5 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 5 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 20 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 5 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 850 405 445 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 850 405 450 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 380 175 205 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 410 205 210 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 30 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 55 20 35 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 35 15 20 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 35 20 15 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 180 80 100 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 0 10 790 290 500
Finnish 35 10 25 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 135 60 70 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 3,630 1,805 1,830 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 135 60 75 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,420 1,710 1,715 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 10 5 5 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 60 30 35 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 102,725 51,030 51,695 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 92,775 46,295 46,485 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 3,220 1,575 1,645 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 835 345 490 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 5,720 2,740 2,980 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 20 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 5,695 2,725 2,965 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 25 5 15 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 65 35 35 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 75 25 40 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 84,025 41,520 42,505 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,605 39,855 40,750 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,576 44,906 30,016 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,635 39,855 40,775 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,898 39,485 27,497 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,410 37,110 36,300 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,550 44,558 27,529 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,455 24,600 30,860 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,065 1,974 5,049 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,675 32,940 30,740 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,346 45,627 30,185 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 84,005 41,590 42,420 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,570 39,895 40,680 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,162 55,587 38,898 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,595 39,895 40,695 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,045 45,070 33,139 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,375 37,290 36,090 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,401 55,124 37,389 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,390 24,715 30,675 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,134 6,565 7,593 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,680 33,140 30,540 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,687 54,354 38,367 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 84,005 41,590 42,415 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,925 18,930 13,995 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,322 62,112 49,551 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,544 70,261 56,814 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.6 85.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.8 80.6 73.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.4 14.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 84,030 41,520 42,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,425 1,665 1,755 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 80,605 39,850 40,750 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.0 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,280 4,730 6,550 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 12,810 5,060 7,750 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,380 4,310 6,070 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,805 3,945 4,860 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,180 3,800 4,380 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,725 3,525 3,200 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,520 3,270 2,250 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,180 2,675 1,500 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,360 2,155 1,205 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,750 1,615 1,140 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 6,615 4,760 1,850 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,850 3,450 1,405 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,765 1,315 445 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 84,025 41,520 42,505 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,395 1,665 1,730 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 80,630 39,855 40,775 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,580 4,825 6,755 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 13,510 5,355 8,155 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 12,080 5,080 7,000 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,765 4,915 5,850 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,595 4,895 4,700 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,480 4,415 3,065 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,160 3,385 1,780 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,960 2,405 1,555 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 6,495 4,580 1,915 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,415 1,590 820 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,410 1,005 405 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,670 1,985 685 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 84,025 41,520 42,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 20,350 8,585 11,770 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 63,675 32,940 30,740 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.8 79.3 72.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,710 3,600 4,110 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,035 2,100 2,935 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,080 3,400 4,675 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,405 2,845 3,560 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,375 2,865 3,510 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,145 2,950 3,190 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,315 2,905 2,415 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,390 2,635 1,750 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,455 2,260 1,190 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 10,770 7,375 3,400 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,875 1,855 1,020 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,475 1,450 1,020 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 5,420 4,065 1,360 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,463  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,217  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,298  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 36,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,512  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,703  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 36,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 11,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,137  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,195 4,700 4,495 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,501 39,635 31,191 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,819 35,092 28,550 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,190 4,740 4,450 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,558 48,290 40,583 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,434 39,777 34,938 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 102,430 50,850 51,580 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 42,305 20,430 21,875 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 6,490 3,160 3,330 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 7,605 3,470 4,130 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 8,680 4,155 4,525 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,430 4,625 4,800 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,105 5,020 5,085 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 60,120 30,420 29,705 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,470 5,635 5,835 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,945 6,005 5,940 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 13,045 6,610 6,435 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 13,440 6,900 6,545 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 10,225 5,275 4,950 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 102,170 50,730 51,435 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 22,210 11,300 10,915 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,395 3,750 3,645 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 66,440 32,990 33,450 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 13,520 6,440 7,080 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,710 4,565 5,145 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,685 1,375 1,315 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 870 455 415 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 5,655 2,670 2,980 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,375 525 845 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.5 9.0 10.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 12.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.8 12.1 11.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.5 8.1 8.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.2 8.2 11.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,030 2,010 2,020 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 925 460 465 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 295 160 140 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 2,840 1,420 1,415 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 270 125 145 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.9 4.0 3.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 4.2 4.1 4.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 4.0 4.3 3.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.3 4.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.9 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 102,340 50,830 51,510 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 101,150 50,355 50,790 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 101,105 50,340 50,770 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 5,285 2,200 3,085 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 21,290 10,410 10,880 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 80 35 40 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 10 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 65 30 40 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,215 10,370 10,835 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,080 545 535 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 10 0 10 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,075 545 525 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 35 15 20 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 610 320 295 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 110 115 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 230 120 110 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 45 15 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 785 350 435 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 305 130 175 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 480 220 265 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 630 235 395 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 40 20 25 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 40 15 25 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 10 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 605 225 380 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 25 15 15 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 665 300 370 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 35 25 15 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 20 15 10 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 615 270 345 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 0 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 15,730 7,975 7,755 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 85 55 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 90 35 55 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,900 1,450 1,445 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 65 20 45 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 30 10 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 10 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,850 1,440 1,410 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 10 10 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 55 35 20 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 95 50 45 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 70 25 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 180 125 55 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 600 300 300 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,370 675 685 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 155 80 75 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 100 55 50 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 50 55 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 385 170 215 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 20 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,830 915 910 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 75 40 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 40 25 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 405 195 220 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,275 645 635 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 40 25 20 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 550 280 265 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,180 1,075 1,105 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,480 710 775 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 25 10 10 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 245 120 120 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 360 170 190 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 0 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 20 15 10 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 215 225 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 20 35 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 720 340 385 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 715 380 335 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 10 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 45 15 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 675 365 305 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 8,365 4,290 4,075 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,885 1,540 1,340 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,095 1,565 1,525 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 395 205 185 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,340 1,160 1,180 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 50 10 40 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 170 70 100 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 130 45 80 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 0 15 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 10 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 35 15 20 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 15 10 0 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 25 10 10 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 25 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 110 45 70 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 55 10 45 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,420 620 800 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,425 615 805 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 775 340 435 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 735 305 430 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 45 45 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 25 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 180 70 115 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 165 70 90 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 20 0 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 100 60 35 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 90 55 35 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 665 325 345 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 120 50 70 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 105 60 45 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 440 210 230 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 102,340 50,835 51,505 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,380 48,960 49,420 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,685 10,920 10,765 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,695 38,040 38,655 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,960 1,875 2,085 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 102,335 50,835 51,510 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 82,760 41,365 41,390 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 19,270 9,295 9,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,835 3,890 3,940 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 2,880 1,375 1,510 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 3,645 1,710 1,940 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 3,450 1,650 1,800 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 1,880 930 955 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,565 720 845 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,465 675 785 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 310 165 145 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 19,275 9,295 9,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 2,260 1,155 1,105 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 4,195 2,125 2,070 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 4,955 2,320 2,635 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 6,595 3,110 3,480 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,270 580 690 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 19,275 9,295 9,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 3,005 1,390 1,610 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 145 70 75 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 90 45 50 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 180 80 100 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 340 135 205 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 360 185 180 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 175 80 90 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 75 30 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 270 140 125 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 655 255 395 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 715 375 345 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 10,105 5,030 5,075 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 15 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 60 35 25 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 50 30 20 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 675 345 330 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 220 125 100 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 255 110 150 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 65 45 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,250 690 570 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 330 145 185 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 430 195 230 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,845 945 905 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 310 150 160 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 400 200 205 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 65 60 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 380 185 195 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,600 1,205 1,390 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,045 540 500 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 530 265 260 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 45 30 20 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 25 10 15 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 15 10 0 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 25 15 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 35 10 20 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 0 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 130 80 45 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 240 110 135 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 5,555 2,575 2,985 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 130 75 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 15 10 10 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 720 320 405 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 225 90 135 108,030 50,945 57,090