Census Profile, 2016 Census
Humber River--Black Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Humber River--Black Creek
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Humber River--Black Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Humber River--Black Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 108,037 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,198 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,013 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,159 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,535.5 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30.56 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 108,035 51,730 56,310 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 20,080 10,145 9,940 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,575 3,290 3,285 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,895 3,530 3,375 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,610 3,325 3,285 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 72,325 34,695 37,625 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 7,450 3,765 3,685 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,985 4,615 4,370 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,985 4,000 3,985 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,280 3,335 3,945 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,840 3,140 3,705 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,515 2,940 3,575 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,310 3,340 3,970 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 7,900 3,860 4,040 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 6,845 3,255 3,595 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,215 2,445 2,765 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 15,630 6,885 8,745 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,465 2,010 2,450 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,435 1,510 1,920 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,250 1,375 1,875 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,510 1,120 1,390 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,970 860 1,105 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,375 645 740 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 480 190 290 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 90 30 60 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 0 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.6 19.6 17.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.9 67.1 66.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.7 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.3 37.3 39.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 36.5 35.0 37.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 36,155 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,585 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,245 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,325 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,330 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,035 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,035 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,910 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 36,160 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 7,585 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 9,155 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 6,950 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,320 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,145 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,525 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 87,955 41,580 46,370 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 39,685 19,895 19,790 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 35,725 17,905 17,820 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,965 1,990 1,970 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 48,270 21,690 26,585 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 32,810 16,725 16,080 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,790 1,450 2,340 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,525 2,585 3,945 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,145 925 4,220 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,645 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 11,655 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 7,480 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 6,135 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,375 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,640 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 18,690 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 16,710 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,980 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 9,955 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 8,535 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,420 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 18,690 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 6,485 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 12,205 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,630 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,865 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,700 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 9,955 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 5,170 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 2,845 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,945 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,995 9,685 9,315 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 36,155 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,120 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,140 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,985 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,175 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,860 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 7,590 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,275 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,605 51,555 56,050 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 96,090 46,955 49,130 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 110 40 65 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 3,735 1,665 2,065 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 7,680 2,885 4,790 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,605 51,555 56,050 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 98,625 48,065 50,560 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 790 355 425 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 625 295 335 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 7,570 2,840 4,730 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,100 505 595 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.1 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,610 51,555 56,055 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 102,470 49,105 53,365 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 47,935 23,310 24,625 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 47,300 23,020 24,280 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 635 285 345 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 54,535 25,800 28,740 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,515 25,785 28,730 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,370 2,095 2,275 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,020 405 615 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 45 25 15 250 140 110
Oromo 40 25 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 930 355 580 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,330 1,680 1,650 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 115 55 55 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,235 625 605 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,465 730 730 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 130 115 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 0 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 5 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 5 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 175 85 90 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,010 3,225 3,785 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 740 335 405 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 6,275 2,895 3,380 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 3,865 1,560 2,305 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 165 65 105 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 5 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 85 30 50 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 360 150 215 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 10 5 5 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 25 10 10 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,135 1,265 1,870 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 280 120 155 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 125 45 75 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 65 75 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,160 1,150 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 10 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 110 60 50 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,080 1,025 1,055 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 115 70 45 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 28,545 13,720 14,825 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 180 90 80 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 135 65 65 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,460 680 780 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 40 15 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 15 5 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,420 665 755 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 10 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 30 10 20 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 100 45 55 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 110 60 55 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 65 30 35 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 350 150 205 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 490 235 255 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 85 45 40 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 25 10 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 110 50 60 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 275 105 165 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 5 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 0 0 5 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 45 25 20 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 215 80 135 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 0 940 405 540
Swedish 0 0 0 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 230 120 110 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,250 4,265 3,985 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 7,360 3,775 3,580 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 535 265 270 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,015 555 460 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 630 345 280 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 10 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 10 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 35 20 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,225 1,145 1,080 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 30 10 20 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,745 1,355 1,390 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 855 465 385 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 50 25 25 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 140 80 55 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 665 365 305 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 18,015 8,385 9,635 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 8,330 3,780 4,545 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,275 620 660 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 150 65 80 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,255 3,915 4,340 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 45 15 25 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 325 170 160 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 2,605 1,180 1,425 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 1,160 495 665 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 215 85 140 1,140 475 670
Ewe 30 15 20 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 25 10 15 600 275 325
Ganda 30 15 15 760 360 400
Igbo 155 80 70 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 10 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 270 140 130 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 15 5 10 290 145 150
Yoruba 400 205 200 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 240 105 130 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 10 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 15 20 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,600 1,740 1,860 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,370 1,625 1,745 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,000 920 1,085 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 860 465 405 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 145 155 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 85 85 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 115 120 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 20 15 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 180 80 95 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 250 120 125 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 200 105 100 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 15 30 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 755 385 375 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 730 365 360 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 10 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 405 205 200 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 5 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 10 5 10 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 385 200 190 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,135 2,450 2,690 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 215 100 110 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,730 2,250 2,475 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 115 50 65 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 75 40 35 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,605 51,550 56,055 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 94,450 45,225 49,230 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 58,220 28,285 29,940 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 57,830 28,095 29,735 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 385 185 200 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 36,235 16,940 19,300 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,235 16,935 19,290 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,985 1,405 1,575 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 700 270 430 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 30 10 15 170 80 85
Oromo 10 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 655 250 405 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 2,275 1,135 1,140 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 40 15 20 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 835 415 415 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,095 545 550 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 160 85 75 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 90 45 50 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,475 2,470 3,010 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 470 200 265 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 5,010 2,265 2,740 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,995 860 1,130 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 85 30 50 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 910 385 530
Ilocano 150 65 85 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,690 730 965 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 150 55 100 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 0 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 75 20 55 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,850 915 935 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 70 35 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,710 830 875 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 50 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 18,370 8,670 9,700 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 110 55 55 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 95 50 45 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 835 400 435 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 10 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 15 10 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 820 395 430 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 0 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 20 5 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 40 20 25 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 60 30 30 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 20 5 15 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 185 85 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 365 180 185 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 40 20 15 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 55 25 30 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 45 20 25 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 35 15 20 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 120 55 70 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,895 2,985 2,910 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 5,330 2,695 2,635 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 405 205 200 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 740 400 340 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 410 225 185 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 5 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 5 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,580 790 785 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 35 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,090 1,030 1,060 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 545 285 260 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 25 15 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 80 40 35 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 445 230 215 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,275 5,110 6,165 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 4,955 2,120 2,835 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 620 305 315 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 90 40 50 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,600 2,640 2,965 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 15 10 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 240 125 115 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,255 555 705 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 675 280 400 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 60 20 45 305 120 180
Ewe 10 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 10 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 70 30 40 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 15 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 160 85 75 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 5 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 170 90 75 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 5 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 40 25 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,740 1,300 1,445 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,555 1,205 1,350 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,610 730 885 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 630 330 300 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 85 105 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 45 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 190 95 90 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 25 10 15 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 135 65 70 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 20 10 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 145 70 75 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 135 65 70 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 10 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 615 305 310 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 600 295 300 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 300 150 155 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 295 150 145 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 13,155 6,330 6,820 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 220 110 110 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 12,700 6,110 6,585 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 60 25 30 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 175 80 90 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,605 51,550 56,055 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 80,510 38,345 42,165 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 12,040 5,880 6,155 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 455 205 250 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 14,200 6,920 7,280 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 10 5 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 14,190 6,915 7,275 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 40 15 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 280 145 130 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 85 40 45 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 87,455 41,365 46,085 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,120 38,840 43,285 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,717 25,144 20,961 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,125 38,840 43,280 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,017 23,981 20,479 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,060 32,390 32,665 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 21,482 25,819 18,162 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,375 29,765 37,615 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,022 1,438 6,740 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,595 27,950 26,645 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,305 29,124 22,357 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 87,560 41,485 46,080 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,145 38,815 43,325 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,856 31,891 26,137 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,155 38,825 43,335 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,919 28,088 23,975 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,255 32,425 32,830 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,226 32,158 24,341 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,445 29,830 37,615 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,836 6,541 8,863 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,620 27,825 26,795 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,493 33,905 26,950 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 87,565 41,485 46,075 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 21,770 12,175 9,595 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 41,110 43,985 38,038 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 45,422 47,787 42,420 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 77.7 84.4 70.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 76.8 63.2 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 22.3 15.6 29.7 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 87,455 41,370 46,085 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,335 2,525 2,810 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 82,120 38,840 43,280 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 93.9 93.9 93.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,050 8,070 8,975 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 19,705 7,935 11,770 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,180 6,000 8,180 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 10,540 4,975 5,570 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,700 3,970 3,725 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 4,925 2,760 2,165 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 2,915 1,760 1,160 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 1,820 1,180 640 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 1,240 855 385 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 785 495 290 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 1,255 840 410 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 1,050 695 355 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 205 145 60 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 87,455 41,370 46,090 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,335 2,525 2,805 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 82,125 38,840 43,280 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 93.9 93.9 93.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,145 8,105 9,040 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 20,370 8,265 12,105 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 16,035 6,920 9,115 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 11,880 5,905 5,970 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 7,890 4,205 3,685 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 4,085 2,390 1,690 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 2,220 1,425 800 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 1,215 795 420 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 1,290 825 465 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 605 375 230 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 295 185 110 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 390 260 125 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 87,455 41,365 46,090 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 32,860 13,420 19,440 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 54,595 27,945 26,645 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 62.4 67.6 57.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,610 3,575 4,035 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,910 2,760 3,150 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,565 4,420 5,150 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,915 3,530 4,380 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,440 3,740 3,700 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,705 3,195 2,515 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 3,895 2,345 1,550 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 2,340 1,495 840 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 1,505 1,035 470 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 2,705 1,845 860 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,045 740 305 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 690 415 270 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 975 690 280 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 36,160 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,518 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,902 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,590 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,448 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,637 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,570 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,649 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 58,169 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 36,210 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,458 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,800 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,565 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,138 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,571 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,650 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,259 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,784 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 36,160 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 680 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 655 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,120 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,010 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,005 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,060 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,205 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,165 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,005 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,930 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,435 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,830 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,065 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,755 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,885 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,930 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,760 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,565 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 635 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 36,160 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 700 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 655 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,130 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,060 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,170 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,235 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,365 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,335 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,095 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,805 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,980 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,545 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,105 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,550 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,050 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,600 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,270 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,185 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,250 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 60,870 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 56,717 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,900 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 50,983 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 48,175 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,225 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,758 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 73,402 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,725 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,066 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,460 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,295 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,665 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,321 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,975 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,792 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 53,628 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,270 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,139 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,665 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,590 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,306 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,010 7,695 6,320 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 21,319 21,698 20,968 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 20,853 21,056 20,690 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,040 7,935 6,110 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,562 28,415 26,456 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 24,668 25,112 24,091 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,525 51,505 56,020 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 77,415 36,480 40,930 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 19,330 9,175 10,155 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 18,615 8,430 10,185 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 15,550 7,290 8,260 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 13,010 6,200 6,810 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,905 5,385 5,525 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 30,110 15,025 15,085 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,410 4,640 4,770 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 7,495 3,685 3,810 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 6,505 3,270 3,235 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 4,675 2,390 2,285 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 2,030 1,045 990 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,525 51,505 56,020 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 24,355 12,295 12,060 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,945 3,990 3,955 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 67,895 32,455 35,435 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 15,275 6,755 8,525 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,565 12,670 14,895 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 9,210 4,640 4,570 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,210 1,625 1,585 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,620 6,965 8,655 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,735 1,065 1,670 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 25.6 24.6 26.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 37.8 37.7 37.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 40.4 40.7 40.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 23.0 21.5 24.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 17.9 15.8 19.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 23,015 10,905 12,110 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 7,070 3,570 3,500 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,505 1,255 1,255 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 14,035 6,610 7,420 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,915 730 1,190 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 21.4 21.2 21.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 29.0 29.0 29.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 31.5 31.5 31.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 20.7 20.4 20.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 12.5 10.8 14.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,730 51,690 56,035 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 100,035 48,770 51,265 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 99,950 48,740 51,210 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 3,800 1,665 2,140 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 68,335 32,635 35,695 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 15 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 10 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,315 32,625 35,690 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,105 2,420 2,680 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,320 540 780 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 35 25 10 355 200 160
Oromo 60 30 35 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,225 490 735 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,810 1,885 1,920 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 125 65 60 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,540 1,290 1,250 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,730 855 870 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 165 80 85 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 15 10 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 35 15 20 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 30 15 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 230 120 110 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,310 4,380 4,930 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,215 535 685 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 8,240 3,915 4,325 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 5,045 1,990 3,055 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 320 125 195 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 80 45 40 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 510 175 330 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 50 20 25 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 30 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 40 20 25 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,805 1,890 2,910 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 35 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,010 465 540 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 30 10 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 490 225 270 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 490 235 250 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,905 1,490 1,420 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 25 10 15 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 150 80 70 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,555 1,265 1,295 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 195 145 50 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 35,595 17,505 18,090 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 200 105 95 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 165 80 85 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,890 860 1,035 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 30 15 25 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 0 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,880 855 1,025 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 15 10 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 40 20 20 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 155 75 85 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 160 70 95 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 120 50 75 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 515 225 295 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 675 305 370 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 130 90 45 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 35 10 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 230 95 135 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 15 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 400 165 240 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 10 0 0 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 0 0 0 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 70 50 25 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 315 120 200 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 10 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 375 205 165 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 10,305 5,540 4,760 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 9,175 4,900 4,270 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 660 325 340 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,270 700 565 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,570 1,470 1,100 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 20 10 10 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 70 40 30 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,590 1,930 1,665 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 15 0 15 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 85 70 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,645 1,905 1,730 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,230 690 540 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 70 50 15 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 300 155 145 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,000 570 430 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 22,565 10,695 11,870 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 10,405 4,885 5,515 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,550 735 815 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 205 105 100 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 10,965 5,240 5,725 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,355 745 605
Japanese 150 75 80 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 390 210 180 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 4,460 2,120 2,340 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,855 835 1,020 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 20 0 20 385 195 185
Edo 345 140 200 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 35 30 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 70 15 55 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 0 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 365 205 155 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 50 15 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 15 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 0 20 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 20 15 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 550 300 255 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 30 10 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 770 405 365 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 420 195 230 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 25 20 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 70 25 50 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 30 10 20 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,670 2,130 2,540 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,410 2,015 2,400 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,920 1,305 1,620 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 35 10 25 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,245 600 640 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 375 165 210 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 105 140 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 120 145 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 45 10 35 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 185 80 100 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 215 85 125 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 175 80 100 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 55 15 40 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 975 495 480 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 945 475 470 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 15 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 545 260 285 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 10 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 25 10 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 505 245 260 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,730 51,690 56,040 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,720 42,495 46,225 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,050 11,155 10,895 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 66,665 31,340 35,330 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,010 9,195 9,815 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,725 51,690 56,040 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 41,520 20,770 20,750 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 62,435 28,810 33,620 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 13,445 6,260 7,190 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 9,640 4,720 4,920 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 14,065 6,090 7,980 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 16,395 7,555 8,840 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,415 3,475 3,945 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,975 4,080 4,895 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,885 4,195 4,690 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,770 2,105 1,665 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 62,430 28,810 33,625 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,865 1,905 1,960 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 9,585 4,500 5,085 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 16,675 7,730 8,950 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 25,750 11,795 13,955 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,555 2,885 3,665 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 62,430 28,810 33,620 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 19,015 8,350 10,670 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 75 45 35 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 620 310 310 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,170 600 565 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 4,005 1,780 2,225 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 165 95 70 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 4,885 2,055 2,825 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 435 170 265 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 330 140 195 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 735 305 430 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 375 180 195 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 6,230 2,670 3,560 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 11,130 5,145 5,980 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 20 30 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 95 35 65 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 85 50 40 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 200 75 125 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 240 120 120 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 310 160 145 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 20 20 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 7,045 3,270 3,770 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 25 25 10 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 385 155 235 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 920 445 475 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 190 85 100 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 180 60 120 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 75 50 25 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 195 80 120 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 500 210 295 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 600 305 300 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,670 2,705 2,960 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 85 40 45 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 200 90 110 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 170 100 70 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 35 25 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,670 850 815 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 675 255 420 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 50 35 10 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,795 1,320 1,470 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 26,530 12,570 13,960 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 550 265 285 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 405 225 180 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 890 440 445 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100 40 60 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,490 1,785 1,705 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 195 145 50 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,215 1,115 1,100 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 45 15 35 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 315 155 160 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 195 70 125 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,555 1,320 1,235 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 4,615 1,805 2,810 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,735 840 895 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 160 75 85 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 0 0 0 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 6,405 2,990 3,415 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,670 1,290 1,380 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 40 50 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,885 4,190 4,690 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 2,425 1,100 1,325 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 15 0 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 115 60 55 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 35 10 25 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 55 25 25 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 570 320 250 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 85 45 40 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 40 30 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,485 595 890 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 345 180 165 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 15 0 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880