Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg Centre [Federal electoral district], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg Centre
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg Centre [Federal electoral district], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg Centre [Federal electoral district], Manitoba Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 85,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,178  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,021.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 28.45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 85,945 43,090 42,855 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 14,605 7,465 7,135 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 5,375 2,755 2,620 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 4,820 2,450 2,365 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 4,410 2,260 2,150 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 61,235 31,360 29,880 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 4,775 2,435 2,340 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 6,620 3,210 3,405 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 8,170 4,090 4,075 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 7,865 4,015 3,850 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 6,735 3,445 3,285 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 5,675 2,950 2,725 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 5,590 2,895 2,690 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 5,960 3,185 2,775 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 5,390 2,825 2,560 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 4,460 2,295 2,170 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 10,110 4,270 5,845 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 3,540 1,715 1,820 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 2,220 1,020 1,200 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 1,580 635 945 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 1,210 450 755 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 1,560 445 1,120 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 915 315 600 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 480 105 375 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 135 25 110 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 30 0 30 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.3 16.6 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 71.2 72.8 69.7 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 11.8 9.9 13.6 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.8 1.0 2.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.4 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 35.6 35.4 35.8 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 37,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 15,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 37,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 15,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 82,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 71,345 35,630 35,720 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 30,630 15,415 15,220 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 23,485 11,830 11,650 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 7,150 3,585 3,565 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 40,715 20,210 20,500 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 29,325 15,890 13,435 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 2,360 1,120 1,235 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 5,365 2,410 2,955 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 3,670 790 2,880 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 19,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 19,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 14,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 10,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 14,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 6,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 7,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,245 12,930 11,315 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 37,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 18,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 15,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 83,940 42,070 41,875 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 75,080 37,945 37,135 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 155 75 85 1,485 680 800
English and French 6,395 3,050 3,345 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,305 1,000 1,305 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 83,940 42,070 41,875 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 79,835 40,120 39,715 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 1,445 750 690 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 410 220 195 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,250 970 1,285 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,650 865 780 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.1 1.9 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 83,940 42,065 41,875 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 79,860 40,065 39,795 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 52,360 26,850 25,505 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 50,965 26,120 24,845 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 1,390 735 660 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 27,505 13,215 14,290 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 1,205 465 740 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 1,155 445 710 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 425 160 265 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 10 5 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 85 35 50 745 305 440
Woods Cree 10 0 5 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 310 115 200 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 730 290 440 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 470 200 275 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 255 90 165 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 630 305 330
Dakota 15 5 5 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,300 12,750 13,550 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,565 1,880 1,685 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,060 535 530 1,750 875 875
Bilen 80 50 35 155 85 70
Oromo 165 90 80 345 175 170
Somali 810 390 415 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 2,485 1,335 1,150 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 630 320 305 1,770 885 885
Arabic 855 485 370 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 5 545 320 225
Maltese 0 0 0 40 20 25
Tigrigna 980 520 465 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 940 460 480 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 45 55 280 135 145
Vietnamese 845 415 430 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 11,590 5,380 6,210 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 30 10 15 175 80 95
Cebuano 235 95 135 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 100 45 55 390 170 220
Ilocano 265 120 150 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 20 10 10 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 105 55 50 655 315 340
Pangasinan 40 20 20 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,750 5,000 5,750 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 150 70 85
Creole languages 85 45 40 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 35 25 15 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 160 90 70 1,565 825 735
Kannada 20 10 10 95 50 40
Malayalam 55 30 25 790 410 380
Tamil 40 30 15 480 255 230
Telugu 40 25 20 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,295 3,135 3,155 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 15 5 10 350 170 180
Armenian 5 0 0 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 1,040 485 555 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 15 5 5 165 65 95
Latvian 5 5 5 80 35 45
Lithuanian 5 0 5 85 35 45
Slavic languages 1,025 475 550 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 10 5 10 575 285 290
Bulgarian 20 10 10 140 70 65
Croatian 50 30 20 1,030 505 530
Czech 25 10 15 615 310 310
Macedonian 5 0 0 145 70 75
Polish 220 110 110 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 240 115 125 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 35 25 10 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 240 110 130
Slovak 15 5 10 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 270 130 140
Ukrainian 375 145 230 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 5 5 5 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 50 25 20
Welsh 0 0 0 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 1,190 520 675 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 10 10 5 420 220 205
Danish 15 5 10 280 145 135
Dutch 90 50 40 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 0 0 55 30 25
German 1,030 440 595 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 20 10 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 5 5 0 115 45 65
Swedish 10 5 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 0 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 85 45 35 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 1,585 880 705 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,325 735 590 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 170 100 70 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 80 45 35 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 215 130 90 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 0 35 20 15
Marathi 15 15 5 135 80 50
Nepali 325 160 165 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 310 170 135 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 5 5 5 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 670 345 320
Urdu 180 100 75 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 245 135 110 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 25 15 10 415 210 200
Pashto 20 10 15 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 200 110 90 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 2,380 1,210 1,170 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 210 110 100 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 1,385 680 710 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 35 15 20 645 310 335
Spanish 750 400 345 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 95 25 70 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 305 135 170 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 0 5 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 620 320 300 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 10 15 5 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Ewe 5 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 5 0 5 50 20 30
Igbo 10 5 5 280 155 130
Lingala 15 10 10 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 25 250 125 120
Shona 10 5 10 110 50 60
Swahili 240 120 120 870 420 455
Wolof 10 5 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 75 45 30 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 65 45 395 215 180
Dinka 70 35 30 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 35 15 225 125 100
Sign languages 35 20 20 440 230 210
American Sign Language 20 10 10 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,120 1,000 1,120 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 1,775 825 950 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 940 410 525 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 15 10 5 55 30 25
Mandarin 635 315 325 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 0 5 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 70 60 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 340 170 170 575 295 285
Burmese 60 40 25 85 50 30
Karenic languages 245 125 125 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 230 115 115 1,120 525 595
Lao 165 90 75 875 445 430
Thai 65 25 40 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 30 20 15
Turkish 20 15 5 210 120 95
Uyghur 5 0 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 90 45 45 1,440 655 790
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 20 15 10 225 85 135
Hungarian 65 30 30 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 155 85 70
Multiple responses 4,080 2,000 2,080 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 315 170 145 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 3,620 1,755 1,865 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 85 45 40 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 60 35 30 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 83,940 42,065 41,875 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 75,345 37,905 37,445 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 59,905 30,505 29,390 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 59,350 30,230 29,120 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 550 280 270 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 15,445 7,395 8,050 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 345 145 195 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 335 145 190 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 40 65 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 5 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 85 30 55 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 235 105 130 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 135 60 75 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 100 50 55 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 5 5 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,105 7,250 7,850 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,290 1,270 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 780 365 415 1,185 550 630
Bilen 75 40 35 120 65 55
Oromo 100 45 55 210 95 115
Somali 595 270 325 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 1,780 925 855 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 425 210 210 1,045 520 525
Arabic 655 355 300 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 695 350 340 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 735 370 370 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 30 125 55 70
Vietnamese 680 345 340 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 6,495 3,055 3,440 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 5 30 15 15
Cebuano 60 30 30 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 40 15 20 125 55 75
Ilocano 80 35 45 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 0 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 25 25 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 5 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,240 2,935 3,305 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 35 20 20 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 85 40 40 800 400 400
Kannada 10 10 5 45 25 25
Malayalam 40 20 20 405 195 205
Tamil 15 5 10 240 120 120
Telugu 20 5 10 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,810 1,365 1,445 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 5 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 275 130 145 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 5 0 5 25 10 15
Latvian 5 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 270 130 145 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 10 5 10 65 30 30
Croatian 15 5 10 320 145 180
Czech 0 0 0 115 55 60
Macedonian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Polish 45 25 25 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 115 50 65 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 10 5 5 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 90 40 50
Slovak 0 0 0 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 55 20 30
Ukrainian 65 30 30 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 100 40 60 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 0 0 0 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 5 0 0 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 90 35 55 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 5 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 45 15 20 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 1,080 565 515 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 915 485 430 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 90 50 40 690 390 305
Gujarati 40 25 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 140 80 65 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 5 0 40 25 20
Nepali 285 135 145 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 120 100 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 360 190 170
Urdu 115 60 60 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 160 75 85 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 20 10 5 275 135 140
Pashto 5 5 5 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 135 60 70 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,315 610 705 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 90 35 55 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 865 405 460 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 5 0 5 235 110 125
Spanish 355 170 185 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 30 15 20 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 200 85 115 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 290 145 140 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 5 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0 75 40 35
Lingala 15 5 5 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 20 10 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 145 70 80 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 25 15 10 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 130 60 70
Dinka 25 10 20 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 55 30 25
Sign languages 35 20 10 560 310 255
American Sign Language 20 10 10 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,610 745 865 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 1,325 600 720 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 745 320 425 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 10 10 5 25 10 15
Mandarin 445 210 230 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 50 40 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 285 140 145 465 235 225
Burmese 45 25 20 55 30 25
Karenic languages 215 110 105 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 115 55 65 535 250 280
Lao 80 40 40 430 210 220
Thai 35 15 25 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 10 0 5 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 25 20 10 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 10 5 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 15 10 5 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 8,595 4,160 4,430 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 165 90 80 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 8,235 3,965 4,265 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 80 45 35 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 115 65 50 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 83,940 42,065 41,875 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 68,625 34,665 33,960 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 6,800 3,265 3,535 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 915 440 475 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 7,280 3,535 3,745 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 815 310 500 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 6,465 3,225 3,245 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 35 15 20 305 150 150
English and non-official language 195 110 90 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 90 40 45 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,185 33,825 34,360 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,475 31,955 32,520 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,465 29,870 25,406 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,480 31,955 32,525 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,225 26,928 23,804 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,015 27,550 26,465 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,045 31,249 24,708 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,285 25,165 28,115 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,088 1,117 4,304 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 47,665 24,925 22,740 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,338 32,018 26,516 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 68,040 33,730 34,305 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,195 31,745 32,445 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,542 36,171 30,970 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,195 31,750 32,445 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,799 30,440 27,192 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,825 27,380 26,440 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,790 37,398 30,054 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,005 24,915 28,090 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,310 4,991 7,481 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 47,590 24,785 22,805 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,303 37,522 30,804 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 68,040 33,735 34,305 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 21,215 11,805 9,410 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 41,379 43,911 38,667 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 47,958 51,312 43,749 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.5 89.2 79.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 81.0 70.3 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.5 10.8 20.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 68,185 33,820 34,360 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 3,710 1,870 1,840 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 64,475 31,955 32,525 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 94.6 94.5 94.7 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,075 5,495 5,580 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 12,695 5,610 7,085 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 11,175 4,955 6,215 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 9,740 4,765 4,970 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 7,325 3,755 3,570 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 4,510 2,600 1,910 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 2,825 1,640 1,185 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,750 1,045 700 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 1,215 710 505 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 685 390 295 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 1,480 980 505 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 1,100 715 380 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 385 260 125 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,185 33,825 34,360 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 3,705 1,870 1,835 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 64,480 31,955 32,525 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 94.6 94.5 94.7 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,155 5,520 5,640 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 13,655 6,115 7,540 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 13,655 6,245 7,405 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 11,290 5,710 5,575 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 6,795 3,700 3,100 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 3,645 2,120 1,530 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 2,000 1,130 865 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 995 555 440 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 1,290 860 430 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 490 325 170 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 280 185 90 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 520 355 165 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 68,185 33,820 34,360 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 20,515 8,895 11,625 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 47,665 24,925 22,740 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 69.9 73.7 66.2 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,265 2,505 2,765 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770 1,715 2,060 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 7,255 3,445 3,805 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 8,115 3,940 4,175 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 7,610 4,055 3,560 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 5,570 3,070 2,505 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 3,655 2,255 1,395 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 2,220 1,330 890 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 1,440 875 560 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 2,775 1,735 1,035 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 1,060 620 440 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 555 325 230 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 1,155 795 365 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 37,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 46,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 41,368  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,261  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 21,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 57,194  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 37,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 57,959  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,762  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,473  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,806  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 37,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 5,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 19,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 63,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 56,732  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,162  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 70,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,674  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 19,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,192  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 63,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,427  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 78,638  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,463  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,720 11,310 9,410 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,719 27,435 25,979 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,625 24,926 24,291 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,610 11,095 9,520 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,055 33,592 32,429 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 28,336 28,536 28,103 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 82,675 41,225 41,445 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 60,360 29,700 30,665 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 17,300 8,640 8,665 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 13,240 6,245 6,990 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 11,270 5,515 5,755 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 9,865 4,940 4,920 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 8,685 4,350 4,330 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 22,315 11,530 10,780 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 7,270 3,795 3,480 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 5,745 2,940 2,805 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 4,450 2,290 2,155 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 3,085 1,550 1,535 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 1,760 945 810 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 82,670 41,225 41,445 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 17,215 8,820 8,395 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 6,290 3,230 3,060 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 56,560 28,625 27,940 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 8,900 3,785 5,110 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 23,895 11,605 12,285 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 7,055 3,625 3,430 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 2,860 1,495 1,360 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 14,655 7,120 7,535 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 2,185 860 1,320 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 28.9 28.2 29.6 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 41.0 41.1 40.9 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 45.5 46.3 44.4 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 25.9 24.9 27.0 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 24.6 22.7 25.8 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,340 10,065 10,270 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 5,515 2,805 2,710 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 2,290 1,190 1,105 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 13,380 6,695 6,685 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 1,445 570 880 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 24.6 24.4 24.8 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 32.0 31.8 32.3 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 36.4 36.8 36.1 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 23.7 23.4 23.9 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 16.2 15.1 17.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 82,475 41,095 41,375 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 80,255 40,140 40,115 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 80,065 40,055 40,010 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 6,645 3,175 3,465 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 34,225 16,450 17,775 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 2,170 785 1,385 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 2,070 755 1,315 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 725 270 460 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 10 10 85 25 55
Plains Cree 60 35 25 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 130 45 80 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 25 15 10 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 500 170 330 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,400 515 885 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 960 360 595 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 440 160 285 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 30 0 30 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 0 30 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 30 0 35 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 10 10 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 35 15 15 210 115 95
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 10 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 10 10 760 365 395
Dakota 15 10 10 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,080 15,675 16,400 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,320 2,360 1,960 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 10 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 10 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,490 785 710 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 120 75 45 210 120 85
Oromo 190 105 80 535 275 260
Somali 1,170 580 585 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 3,055 1,710 1,345 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 1,060 595 465 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 1,285 745 540 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 10 10 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 165 95 65 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 0 0 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 1,125 630 495 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,160 610 545 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 65 45 335 185 150
Vietnamese 1,050 545 505 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 14,435 6,695 7,740 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 20 10 15 225 100 125
Cebuano 330 155 175 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 165 100 65 425 180 245
Ilocano 415 180 235 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 70 25 45 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 60 70 945 415 530
Pangasinan 45 30 15 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,205 6,575 7,620 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 35 15 15 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 200 80 120
Creole languages 145 100 45 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 65 55 10 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 165 90 75 1,840 945 895
Kannada 15 10 10 175 95 80
Malayalam 55 15 45 830 400 430
Tamil 65 45 20 655 330 325
Telugu 45 25 20 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,020 4,065 3,960 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 10 0 0 390 195 195
Armenian 0 0 10 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 1,155 550 610 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 15 0 15 230 90 140
Latvian 10 0 10 115 45 70
Lithuanian 10 0 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 1,145 545 600 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 10 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 15 10 10 835 405 430
Bulgarian 10 10 0 155 95 60
Croatian 55 40 20 1,595 765 825
Czech 45 25 20 735 335 395
Macedonian 10 0 0 140 75 60
Polish 275 150 130 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 355 155 200 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 25 15 10 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 190 75 115
Slovak 0 10 0 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 275 100 175
Ukrainian 475 205 265 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 25 20 0 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 20 0 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 1,595 675 915 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 10 10 10 715 330 385
Danish 10 0 10 270 120 150
Dutch 100 60 40 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 10 10 0 90 65 30
German 1,410 585 820 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 20 0 10 560 225 335
Norwegian 25 10 15 290 115 175
Swedish 10 10 10 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 155 65 85 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 1,875 1,085 790 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 945 695 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 280 195 90 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 100 70 35 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 730 430 300 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 10 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 20 15 0 275 170 105
Nepali 285 145 135 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 515 275 240 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 20 920 500 420
Urdu 240 140 90 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 270 160 110 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 55 30 20 600 295 305
Pashto 55 25 25 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 205 130 75 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 3,380 1,740 1,640 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 10 0 10 15 10 10
Italian 290 150 140 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 1,620 825 790 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 40 25 10 785 395 390
Spanish 1,495 770 725 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 60 45 15
Japanese 180 80 105 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 350 155 200 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 920 495 430 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 25 20 10 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 10 0 95 60 30
Ewe 10 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 10 0 10 230 110 120
Igbo 40 30 10 665 345 325
Lingala 160 85 75 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 15 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 0 15 305 155 155
Shona 20 10 0 250 110 140
Swahili 380 185 190 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 35 10 25 150 85 70
Yoruba 130 85 45 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 80 40 410 225 185
Dinka 90 55 30 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 225 120 105
Sign languages 210 65 145 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 165 55 115 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,405 1,095 1,310 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 1,985 900 1,085 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 1,205 525 680 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 10 10 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 825 395 435 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 40 35 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 65 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 425 200 225 675 310 370
Burmese 80 55 30 185 115 70
Karenic languages 320 145 170 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 30 50 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 210 95 120 1,565 730 835
Lao 140 55 85 1,120 520 600
Thai 90 45 55 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 15 10 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 25 15 0 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 130 70 55 1,550 730 815
Estonian 15 10 10 45 20 25
Finnish 25 10 0 265 105 160
Hungarian 95 55 40 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 82,475 41,095 41,375 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 68,400 34,015 34,385 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,485 7,425 7,060 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 53,915 26,590 27,325 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,080 7,085 6,995 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 82,475 41,100 41,380 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 52,705 26,245 26,460 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 27,650 13,675 13,980 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 4,450 2,000 2,450 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 2,810 1,520 1,285 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 2,615 1,280 1,340 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 8,270 4,240 4,030 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 2,225 1,130 1,100 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 6,040 3,110 2,930 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,510 4,630 4,875 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,125 1,185 940 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 27,650 13,670 13,980 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 2,500 1,440 1,055 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 4,695 2,410 2,290 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 5,190 2,570 2,620 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 12,460 5,950 6,510 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 2,800 1,300 1,505 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 27,650 13,670 13,980 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 1,735 935 795 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 35 20 20 435 170 265
Colombia 40 15 25 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 195 120 70 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 135 60 75 1,135 515 620
Haiti 10 0 0 155 75 80
Jamaica 225 105 120 1,810 835 970
Mexico 65 35 35 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 15 10 10 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 175 105 70 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 500 285 210 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 350 180 165 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 3,250 1,595 1,655 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 20 1,055 530 525
Croatia 50 35 15 975 445 535
France 60 40 15 795 425 365
Germany 295 125 175 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 85 25 60 820 445 375
Hungary 60 35 25 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 20 20 650 310 340
Italy 155 95 65 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 65 35 30 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 200 90 110 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 995 465 530 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 30 15 15 720 345 375
Russian Federation 110 35 75 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 355 175 175
Ukraine 155 70 85 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 680 350 330 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 240 140 100 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 4,035 2,225 1,805 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 10 10 0 115 60 55
Egypt 70 45 20 980 525 455
Ethiopia 890 495 390 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 210 95 115 935 470 465
Morocco 70 35 35 250 140 110
Nigeria 180 115 70 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 550 240 310 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 75 40 35 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,985 1,155 830 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 18,590 8,890 9,705 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 80 40 35 615 285 330
Bangladesh 145 95 45 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 695 310 390 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 45 70 1,460 715 735
India 590 320 270 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 55