Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg South [Federal electoral district], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg South
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg South [Federal electoral district], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg South [Federal electoral district], Manitoba Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 99,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 85,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 16.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,887  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 975.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 102.15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 99,680 49,510 50,170 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 17,200 8,855 8,350 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 5,260 2,745 2,515 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 5,940 3,035 2,905 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 6,005 3,075 2,935 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 69,740 34,800 34,945 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 7,255 3,870 3,385 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 9,480 5,140 4,340 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 7,110 3,655 3,455 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 6,570 3,245 3,325 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 6,325 2,995 3,330 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 6,715 3,235 3,480 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 6,805 3,255 3,555 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 7,095 3,455 3,640 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 6,640 3,230 3,410 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 5,745 2,720 3,025 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 12,730 5,860 6,875 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 4,675 2,285 2,390 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 3,150 1,515 1,635 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 2,050 960 1,090 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 1,410 620 790 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 1,445 470 975 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 855 320 535 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 415 115 295 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 145 35 110 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 30 0 30 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.3 17.9 16.6 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 70.0 70.3 69.7 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 12.8 11.8 13.7 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.4 0.9 1.9 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 38.0 37.0 39.1 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 36.8 35.0 38.4 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 23,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 6,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 11,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 98,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 82,475 40,655 41,820 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 49,255 24,595 24,660 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 44,345 22,130 22,215 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 4,910 2,460 2,445 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 33,220 16,065 17,155 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 25,130 13,780 11,350 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 1,485 555 930 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 3,320 1,105 2,220 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 3,290 630 2,665 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 24,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 21,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 10,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 14,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,915 7,475 7,440 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 25,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 8,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 6,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,580 49,085 49,495 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 84,170 42,605 41,565 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 135 65 70 1,485 680 800
English and French 12,095 5,435 6,665 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,180 975 1,200 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,580 49,085 49,500 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 91,820 46,025 45,795 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 4,060 1,820 2,240 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 585 295 285 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,115 940 1,175 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,355 1,970 2,385 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.4 4.0 4.8 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,580 49,080 49,500 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 95,475 47,530 47,945 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 65,025 32,215 32,810 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 60,920 30,355 30,565 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 4,105 1,860 2,245 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 30,450 15,320 15,135 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 180 75 105 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 165 75 90 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 35 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 10 5 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 10 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 5 5 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 45 55 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 65 20 45 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 35 20 10 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 5 5 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,270 15,240 15,035 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,895 990 900 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 5 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 95 40 50 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 0 5 155 85 70
Oromo 35 20 15 345 175 170
Somali 50 20 35 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 1,775 940 830 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 165 90 80 1,770 885 885
Arabic 1,320 705 615 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 105 65 40 545 320 225
Maltese 0 0 0 40 20 25
Tigrigna 170 80 85 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 225 275 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 15 10 280 135 145
Vietnamese 480 210 265 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,700 755 950 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 45 25 20 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 390 170 220
Ilocano 75 30 40 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 65 30 35 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 655 315 340
Pangasinan 10 5 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,480 650 835 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 70 85
Creole languages 70 25 45 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 20 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 5 20 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 390 200 190 1,565 825 735
Kannada 35 20 15 95 50 40
Malayalam 120 60 60 790 410 380
Tamil 185 95 90 480 255 230
Telugu 50 30 25 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 14,505 7,360 7,145 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 55 25 25 350 170 180
Armenian 15 10 10 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,780 1,325 1,455 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 10 5 5 165 65 95
Latvian 5 5 0 80 35 45
Lithuanian 5 0 0 85 35 45
Slavic languages 2,775 1,325 1,450 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 150 75 75 575 285 290
Bulgarian 20 5 15 140 70 65
Croatian 65 40 30 1,030 505 530
Czech 60 35 20 615 310 310
Macedonian 30 15 15 145 70 75
Polish 440 210 230 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,195 590 610 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 80 40 40 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 30 240 110 130
Slovak 35 15 20 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 270 130 140
Ukrainian 630 270 360 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 5 0 5 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 50 25 20
Welsh 5 0 0 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 1,815 855 955 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 35 15 20 420 220 205
Danish 30 15 10 280 145 135
Dutch 135 70 65 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 0 0 55 30 25
German 1,535 720 810 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 25 5 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 5 5 5 115 45 65
Swedish 15 5 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 310 125 180
Yiddish 10 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 140 65 70 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 7,685 4,090 3,595 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 6,755 3,620 3,135 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 575 330 240 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 930 495 435 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 635 340 295 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 35 20 15
Marathi 40 20 20 135 80 50
Nepali 125 65 60 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,770 1,460 1,305 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 15 5 5 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 215 200 670 345 320
Urdu 1,245 685 560 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 890 445 450 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 180 95 85 415 210 200
Pashto 30 10 20 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 685 340 345 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 2,010 985 1,030 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 525 260 265 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 375 190 185 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 105 50 55 645 310 335
Spanish 1,005 485 515 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Japanese 50 20 30 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 5 5
Korean 1,170 580 590 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 10 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 980 485 490 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 35 20 10 150 90 65
Bamanankan 5 0 5 75 25 45
Edo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 65 35 30
Ga 5 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 15 0 10 50 20 30
Igbo 80 45 35 280 155 130
Lingala 20 10 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 15 250 125 120
Shona 40 20 20 110 50 60
Swahili 130 55 70 870 420 455
Wolof 10 5 10 75 50 25
Yoruba 435 215 220 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 80 80 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 395 215 180
Dinka 5 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 125 100
Sign languages 35 25 15 440 230 210
American Sign Language 25 20 10 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,585 4,385 4,200 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 8,575 4,385 4,190 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 2,270 1,115 1,150 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 15 10 5 55 30 25
Mandarin 5,775 2,975 2,805 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 35 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 195 150 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 575 295 285
Burmese 5 0 5 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 75 40 35 1,120 525 595
Lao 50 30 25 875 445 430
Thai 25 10 10 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 95 50 45 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 30 20 15
Turkish 55 30 30 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 15 10 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 155 65 80 1,440 655 790
Estonian 5 0 5 30 10 15
Finnish 15 5 10 225 85 135
Hungarian 135 65 75 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 155 85 70
Multiple responses 3,105 1,550 1,550 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 485 225 260 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 2,505 1,265 1,240 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 50 30 20 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 70 40 30 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,580 49,085 49,500 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 91,680 45,655 46,030 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 73,900 36,520 37,380 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 72,140 35,750 36,390 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 1,765 775 990 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 17,780 9,130 8,650 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 30 5 25 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 30 10 25 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 5 20 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,755 9,125 8,630 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,135 580 555 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 65 30 35 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 20 10 10 210 95 115
Somali 45 15 25 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 1,055 545 510 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 55 30 30 1,045 520 525
Arabic 840 435 405 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 60 35 25 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 95 50 50 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 125 170 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 290 125 170 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 745 355 390 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 10 5 10 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 25 15 15 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 30 15 15 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 5 0 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 665 325 345 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 35 15 20 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 185 100 85 800 400 400
Kannada 20 10 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 50 30 25 405 195 205
Tamil 95 45 45 240 120 120
Telugu 30 15 10 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,260 3,795 3,460 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 25 10 10 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,225 625 600 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 1,225 625 605 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 60 30 30 285 145 140
Bulgarian 15 5 5 65 30 30
Croatian 20 10 15 320 145 180
Czech 10 10 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 15 5 10 85 35 45
Polish 130 65 65 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 795 405 390 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 45 25 20 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 10 90 40 50
Slovak 10 5 5 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 105 50 55 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 140 65 75 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 15 5 5 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 5 0 5 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 115 55 60 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 40 15 30 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 5,030 2,690 2,340 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 4,410 2,385 2,030 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 365 215 150 690 390 305
Gujarati 610 320 290 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 370 210 160 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 10 5 5 40 25 20
Nepali 75 40 40 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,935 1,020 915 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 5 5 5 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 125 110 360 190 170
Urdu 810 450 360 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 595 300 305 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 120 65 60 275 135 140
Pashto 10 5 5 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 470 230 240 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 800 385 410 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 115 55 60 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 125 55 70 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 40 20 20 235 110 125
Spanish 520 255 265 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 950 480 475 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 290 150 145 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 5 15 5 5
Edo 0 5 5 5 5 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 25 15 10 75 40 35
Lingala 10 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 5 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 5 10 5 10
Swahili 50 20 25 500 240 265
Wolof 10 0 10 25 20 10
Yoruba 145 75 70 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 130 60 70
Dinka 5 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 45 30 15 560 310 255
American Sign Language 25 20 10 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,655 3,420 3,230 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 6,645 3,420 3,230 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 1,575 785 795 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 10 5 5 25 10 15
Mandarin 4,725 2,440 2,280 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 20 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 265 155 110 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 5 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 535 250 280
Lao 20 10 10 430 210 220
Thai 10 0 5 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60 30 25 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 10 5 10
Turkish 30 15 15 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 15 10 10 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Uralic languages 45 25 20 305 140 165
Estonian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 45 20 20 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Multiple responses 6,900 3,430 3,470 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 320 145 180 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 6,435 3,225 3,205 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 30 10 25 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 110 45 65 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,580 49,080 49,495 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 79,365 39,680 39,685 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 8,760 4,425 4,340 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 2,230 940 1,285 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 7,885 3,880 4,005 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 155 80 80 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 7,730 3,800 3,930 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 50 25 20 305 150 150
English and non-official language 225 110 115 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 70 25 40 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 81,080 40,110 40,975 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,920 37,945 38,975 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,700 43,191 31,774 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,935 37,950 38,990 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,377 37,464 28,370 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,255 34,985 35,265 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,792 43,138 29,665 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,860 23,385 30,475 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,811 1,096 2,963 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,280 30,330 28,945 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,328 42,736 31,290 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 81,110 40,110 41,005 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,075 38,070 39,010 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,303 56,996 39,819 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,105 38,080 39,025 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,710 44,593 32,970 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,410 35,175 35,235 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,582 58,307 38,875 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,715 23,330 30,385 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,631 5,103 6,037 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,325 30,425 28,900 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,166 56,860 39,014 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 81,110 40,110 41,000 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,045 15,730 12,315 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,758 66,484 52,544 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,886 80,041 59,189 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.4 88.2 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.8 79.6 72.9 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.6 11.8 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 81,080 40,105 40,970 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 4,155 2,160 1,995 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 76,920 37,950 38,975 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.6 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,900 6,615 7,290 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 10,520 4,170 6,345 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 8,630 3,600 5,030 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 8,010 3,445 4,570 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 7,560 3,455 4,100 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 6,310 3,225 3,080 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 4,975 2,710 2,265 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,005 2,245 1,760 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 3,510 2,040 1,465 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,495 1,460 1,035 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 7,020 4,975 2,045 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 4,930 3,355 1,570 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 2,090 1,615 470 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 81,080 40,110 40,975 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 4,145 2,155 1,985 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 76,940 37,950 38,990 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.6 95.2 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,315 6,690 7,620 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 11,335 4,515 6,820 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 10,445 4,420 6,030 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 10,130 4,515 5,620 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 8,810 4,415 4,400 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 6,790 3,760 3,025 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 5,255 2,990 2,260 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 3,605 2,160 1,445 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 6,250 4,485 1,770 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 2,150 1,440 710 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 1,250 875 375 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 2,850 2,165 680 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 81,080 40,105 40,975 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 21,805 9,775 12,025 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 59,280 30,335 28,945 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 73.1 75.6 70.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,415 3,585 3,825 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 4,820 2,205 2,605 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 7,670 3,400 4,265 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 6,080 2,750 3,330 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 5,680 2,525 3,160 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 5,375 2,440 2,930 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 2,405 2,215 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 3,790 2,070 1,720 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 3,200 1,800 1,395 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 10,630 7,140 3,490 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 2,930 1,690 1,245 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 2,020 1,250 770 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 5,680 4,200 1,480 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,783  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,487  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,629  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,879  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,874  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,051  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,916  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,159  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,051  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,484  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,798  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,823  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,165 6,230 5,935 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,797 23,520 31,665 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,748 22,584 28,692 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,130 6,265 5,870 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,474 37,449 37,500 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,586 29,982 31,231 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 98,230 48,930 49,295 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,495 21,480 22,015 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 11,885 6,245 5,645 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 6,560 3,070 3,495 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 7,635 3,675 3,955 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 8,245 4,025 4,225 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 9,165 4,465 4,695 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 54,740 27,455 27,285 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 9,715 4,850 4,865 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 10,995 5,410 5,580 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 11,675 5,815 5,855 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 12,175 6,160 6,015 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 10,185 5,215 4,970 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 98,225 48,935 49,300 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 21,080 10,900 10,175 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 6,360 3,310 3,050 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 65,305 32,410 32,895 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 11,850 5,625 6,225 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,325 7,220 7,105 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 3,660 1,900 1,760 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 1,235 630 605 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 9,890 5,055 4,830 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 775 265 515 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 14.8 14.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.4 17.4 17.3 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.0 19.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 15.6 14.7 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.7 8.3 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,005 6,730 6,270 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 3,050 1,570 1,480 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 1,015 505 505 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 9,485 5,005 4,480 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 470 160 315 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.2 13.8 12.7 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.4 14.5 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 16.0 15.3 16.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 15.4 13.6 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 4.0 2.8 5.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 98,160 48,900 49,260 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 95,995 47,910 48,080 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 95,860 47,855 48,000 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 12,355 5,530 6,820 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 36,925 18,425 18,500 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 250 115 130 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 245 110 130 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 65 50 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 75 40 30 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 50 90 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 115 40 70 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,680 18,310 18,370 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,060 1,605 1,455 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 160 85 75 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 110 55 50 535 275 260
Somali 50 30 20 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 2,835 1,490 1,350 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 210 120 95 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 1,800 940 860 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 630 340 290 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 0 0 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 245 125 125 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 560 225 330 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 335 185 150
Vietnamese 525 215 315 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,165 960 1,205 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 35 20 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 45 20 25 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 45 10 35 425 180 245
Ilocano 130 50 80 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 120 70 50 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 15 0 10 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,015 880 1,135 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 200 95 105 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 40 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 475 230 240 1,840 945 895
Kannada 95 50 45 175 95 80
Malayalam 105 45 65 830 400 430
Tamil 225 105 115 655 330 325
Telugu 85 45 40 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,105 8,975 9,130 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 35 20 15 390 195 195
Armenian 15 10 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 3,000 1,435 1,560 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 30 15 10 230 90 140
Latvian 10 0 0 115 45 70
Lithuanian 20 10 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 2,970 1,425 1,550 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 10 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 205 100 110 835 405 430
Bulgarian 35 20 15 155 95 60
Croatian 110 55 50 1,595 765 825
Czech 65 40 25 735 335 395
Macedonian 35 20 20 140 75 60
Polish 475 220 255 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,490 750 740 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 140 75 70 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 10 190 75 115
Slovak 55 15 35 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 275 100 175
Ukrainian 690 300 385 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 10 0 0 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 2,100 970 1,130 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 75 30 45 715 330 385
Danish 45 20 25 270 120 150
Dutch 145 65 75 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 0 0 0 90 65 30
German 1,785 825 960 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 15 10 10 290 115 175
Swedish 30 20 0 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 270 120 155
Yiddish 10 0 15 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 220 95 125 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 9,725 5,150 4,570 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 8,630 4,605 4,025 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 750 425 325 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 1,245 630 615 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 3,040 1,645 1,390 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 15 10 0 20 15 10
Konkani 10 10 0 40 30 10
Marathi 50 25 25 275 170 105
Nepali 80 45 35 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,935 2,105 1,830 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 50 35 20 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 575 305 270 920 500 420
Urdu 1,810 995 815 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 1,060 515 540 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 330 165 165 600 295 305
Pashto 25 10 15 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 730 365 365 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 3,280 1,425 1,860 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 770 390 380 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 490 195 300 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 65 30 35 785 395 390
Spanish 2,055 860 1,190 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 175 95 80 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 1,355 685 670 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 55 20 35
Mongolian 20 15 10 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 2,155 1,135 1,025 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 50 35 10 260 165 95
Bamanankan 10 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 20 10 15 95 60 30
Ewe 10 10 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 10 0 10 30 10 15
Ganda 45 20 30 230 110 120
Igbo 200 100 100 665 345 325
Lingala 85 45 45 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 20 15 305 155 155
Shona 65 35 40 250 110 140
Swahili 300 180 125 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 10 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 1,185 600 585 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 335 185 155 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 255 110 145 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 195 100 100 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,190 4,780 4,415 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 9,185 4,780 4,405 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 2,700 1,345 1,350 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 10 0 10 50 30 20
Mandarin 6,935 3,575 3,355 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 55 70 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 45 40 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 380 245 130 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 10 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 35 1,565 730 835
Lao 20 10 15 1,120 520 600
Thai 45 15 25 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 160 80 80 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 50 25 30
Turkish 120 60 55 365 180 185
Uyghur 10 10 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 15 10 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 165 65 100 1,550 730 815
Estonian 10 10 10 45 20 25
Finnish 30 10 20 265 105 160
Hungarian 125 55 75 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 98,160 48,900 49,255 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 82,030 40,410 41,625 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,125 9,270 8,855 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,905 31,140 32,765 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,130 8,490 7,635 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 98,160 48,900 49,260 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 64,960 31,985 32,975 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 27,565 13,655 13,905 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 4,645 2,280 2,365 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 2,075 930 1,150 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 3,205 1,650 1,560 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 9,040 4,495 4,550 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 3,295 1,625 1,675 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 5,745 2,865 2,875 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,595 4,315 4,280 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,635 3,260 2,380 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 27,560 13,655 13,905 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 2,840 1,385 1,455 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 4,885 2,585 2,300 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 5,090 2,325 2,765 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 12,390 6,135 6,255 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 2,360 1,230 1,130 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 27,565 13,660 13,905 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 2,605 1,190 1,410 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 70 35 35 435 170 265
Colombia 95 35 65 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 125 70 55 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 275 130 140 1,135 515 620
Haiti 30 15 10 155 75 80
Jamaica 200 85 115 1,810 835 970
Mexico 140 60 80 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 70 30 40 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 355 170 190 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 590 245 340 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 650 310 335 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 4,335 2,150 2,185 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 105 110 1,055 530 525
Croatia 45 25 20 975 445 535
France 60 35 25 795 425 365
Germany 440 220 220 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 95 40 50 820 445 375
Hungary 85 40 45 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 40 45 650 310 340
Italy 330 185 140 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 100 55 45 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 310 150 160 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 155 75 75 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 80 35 45 720 345 375
Russian Federation 375 180 195 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 20 15 355 175 175
Ukraine 420 225 195 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,025 505 520 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 480 210 265 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 3,550 1,785 1,765 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 15 10 10 115 60 55
Egypt 375 175 195 980 525 455
Ethiopia 220 125 95 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 140 70 75 935 470 465
Morocco 30 20 10 250 140 110
Nigeria 1,445 745 705 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 25 15 15 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 115 55 60 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,175 570 605 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 16,995 8,495 8,500 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 130 55 75 615 285 330
Bangladesh 475 255 225 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,215 2,065 2,145 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 585 310 270 1,460 715 735
India 4,135 2,145 1,990 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61