Census Profile, 2016 Census
Desnethé--Missinippi--Churchill River [Federal electoral district], Saskatchewan and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Desnethé--Missinippi--Churchill River
Saskatchewan
[Federal electoral district]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Desnethé--Missinippi--Churchill River [Federal electoral district], Saskatchewan  Map : Desnethé--Missinippi--Churchill River [Federal electoral district], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 70,891 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 69,471 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,377 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 21,651 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.2 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 304,710.55 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 70,890 35,515 35,375 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 20,325 10,385 9,945 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 6,710 3,405 3,310 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 7,220 3,745 3,475 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 6,395 3,230 3,160 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 43,390 21,470 21,920 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 5,950 3,040 2,910 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 5,275 2,660 2,615 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 4,840 2,355 2,485 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 4,260 2,050 2,215 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 3,775 1,845 1,930 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 3,770 1,810 1,960 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 3,820 1,880 1,940 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 4,210 2,075 2,140 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 4,020 2,005 2,015 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 3,465 1,755 1,715 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 7,170 3,655 3,510 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 2,785 1,460 1,330 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 1,795 925 870 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 1,210 640 570 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 755 385 370 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 630 245 380 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 420 185 235 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 170 55 115 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 30 10 20 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 10 5 5 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 28.7 29.2 28.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 61.2 60.5 62.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 10.1 10.3 9.9 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 0.9 0.7 1.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 32.8 32.6 33.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 29.0 28.4 29.5 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 21,650 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,050 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 2,535 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,020 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 645 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 245 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 585 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,060 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 21,650 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 4,260 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 6,350 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 3,115 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 2,860 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,070 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 70,280 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 50,565 25,130 25,435 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 25,820 12,925 12,895 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 18,545 9,305 9,245 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 7,275 3,620 3,650 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 24,740 12,205 12,535 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 19,650 10,245 9,405 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 1,170 545 630 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 1,635 795 840 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 2,280 620 1,660 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 18,945 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 8,425 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 4,065 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 3,000 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,455 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 18,945 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 12,660 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 9,020 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,635 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,285 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 4,680 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 1,605 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 12,660 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 5,430 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 7,230 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 2,485 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 2,120 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,625 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,290 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 3,000 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,585 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,700 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,140 5,110 4,030 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 21,655 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 14,955 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,850 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,110 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,870 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,820 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 4,255 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 570 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 70,525 35,345 35,185 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 68,670 34,455 34,210 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 25 10 10 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 1,555 725 825 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 285 150 135 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 70,525 35,340 35,190 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 69,620 34,885 34,735 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 610 305 305 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 20 15 10 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 275 145 135 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 620 310 310 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.9 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 70,530 35,340 35,190 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 68,850 34,525 34,325 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 47,760 24,100 23,660 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 47,030 23,715 23,315 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 730 385 345 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 21,090 10,430 10,665 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 19,660 9,710 9,950 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 12,235 6,080 6,155 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 5 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 12,215 6,070 6,145 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 10 5 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 1,010 495 510 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 50 30 20 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 450 220 230 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 10,690 5,320 5,370 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 15 5 10 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 7,275 3,560 3,720 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,275 3,555 3,720 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 7,275 3,560 3,715 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 150 70 80 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 5 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,430 720 710 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 5 10 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 0 0 5 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 10 5 5 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 0 0 5 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 10 5 5 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 0 5 0 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 0 0 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 5 10 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 15 10 5 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 255 105 155 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 15 5 15 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5 5 0 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 5 0 5 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 210 85 125 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 5 0 5 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 30 20 10 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 25 15 10 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 5 0 0 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 5 0 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 940 495 440 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 0 5 0 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 0 0 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 270 130 140 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 5 0 0 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 0 0 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 0 0 0 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 275 130 140 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 0 0 0 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 5 0 5 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 5 5 0 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 25 15 5 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 20 5 15 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 0 5 0 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 0 5 5 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 220 105 115 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 0 0 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 495 260 235 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 30 10 15 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 15 10 5 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 40 25 15 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 380 190 190 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 15 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 15 10 0 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 5 0 0 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 105 65 35 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 90 55 35 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 5 5 5 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 15 10 5 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 10 5 5 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 0 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 5 0 0 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 5 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 20 15 10 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 15 15 5 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 0 0 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 5 5 0 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 0 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 60 35 25 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 5 0 0 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 20 15 5 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 10 0 5 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 35 20 10 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 5 5 5 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 15 10 5 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 5 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 0 0 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 5 0 0 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 10 5 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 25 15 15 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 5 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 25 35 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 65 30 35 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 25 5 15 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 0 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 10 5 5 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 0 0 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 0 0 0 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 0 0 0 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 0 0 0 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 35 15 20 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 0 0 0 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 5 0 0 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 35 15 15 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,675 815 865 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 55 30 30 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,600 775 825 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 15 5 10 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 70,525 35,340 35,185 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 68,920 34,570 34,350 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 54,435 27,260 27,175 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 54,315 27,205 27,115 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 115 55 65 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 14,485 7,310 7,175 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 14,075 7,095 6,980 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 7,875 4,040 3,835 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 7,875 4,045 3,830 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 900 435 465 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 330 140 190
Woods Cree 125 70 55 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 6,830 3,535 3,300 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 6,160 3,035 3,125 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 6,160 3,030 3,125 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 6,160 3,030 3,125 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 40 15 20 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 5 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 410 220 190 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 0 0 0 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 5 0 0 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 0 0 5 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 5 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 15 5 5 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 135 65 65 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 10 5 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 55 60 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 0 0 0 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 20 10 5 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 15 10 10 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 5 0 0 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 145 80 70 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 0 0 0 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 15 10 5 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 20 10 10 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 0 0 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5 0 0 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 0 0 0 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 5 0 0 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 5 5 5 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 0 0 0 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 0 0 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 10 5 5 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 55 30 30 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 15 10 10 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 10 5 5 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 30 10 15 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 5 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 0 0 0 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 60 35 25 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 55 35 25 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 5 0 0 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 10 5 0 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 5 5 0 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 5 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 5 0 5 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 5 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 15 5 10 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 5 0 0 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 0 0 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 0 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 5 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 0 0 0 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 0 0 0 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 0 0 0 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 10 5 5 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 5 5 0 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 15 5 0 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 0 5 5 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 0 0 0 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 35 20 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 0 0 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 15 15 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 35 15 20 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 10 5 5 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 10 5 5 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 0 5 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 0 0 0 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 10 5 0 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 5 5 5 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,605 770 835 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 35 10 20 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 1,565 755 810 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 0 0 5 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 70,530 35,340 35,185 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 53,815 27,165 26,655 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 9,170 4,550 4,620 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 335 155 180 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 7,165 3,460 3,705 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 6,790 3,290 3,495 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 380 170 205 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 5 0 0 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 30 5 20 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 15 5 5 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 50,000 24,840 25,160 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,620 22,510 23,110 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,281 24,647 22,313 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,625 22,515 23,110 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,665 23,748 21,783 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 33,580 17,065 16,515 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,177 30,392 22,819 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,470 16,760 19,705 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,856 2,564 7,696 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,475 15,225 14,250 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,520 28,657 23,017 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 49,980 24,860 25,125 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,670 22,560 23,115 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,877 38,790 31,059 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,680 22,560 23,125 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,455 32,768 28,198 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 33,605 17,070 16,540 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,345 44,672 31,816 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,550 16,815 19,735 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,325 6,691 9,717 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,480 15,165 14,315 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,587 43,556 31,264 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 49,985 24,860 25,125 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 11,505 6,015 5,490 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,020 56,190 44,986 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,653 62,696 50,034 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.9 87.1 73.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.2 74.8 62.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.1 12.9 26.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 50,000 24,835 25,160 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 4,380 2,325 2,050 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 45,620 22,515 23,110 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 91.2 90.7 91.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,275 6,730 5,540 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 8,395 3,320 5,075 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 5,910 2,440 3,465 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 4,545 1,915 2,625 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 3,590 1,575 2,010 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 2,565 1,255 1,310 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 1,895 1,055 835 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 1,590 950 635 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 1,205 705 500 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 605 430 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 2,620 1,950 665 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 1,990 1,440 550 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 630 510 120 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,000 24,840 25,160 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 4,380 2,330 2,050 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 45,625 22,515 23,110 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 91.3 90.6 91.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,355 6,760 5,595 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 8,565 3,395 5,170 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 6,435 2,710 3,725 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 5,145 2,225 2,915 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 3,980 1,850 2,130 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 2,840 1,590 1,255 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 1,985 1,160 825 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 1,535 885 645 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 2,785 1,940 845 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,010 620 390 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 685 490 195 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,085 830 260 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 50,000 24,840 25,160 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 20,525 9,610 10,910 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 29,470 15,225 14,250 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 58.9 61.3 56.6 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,985 2,930 3,055 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 2,775 1,375 1,400 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 4,070 1,965 2,110 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 3,280 1,510 1,770 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 2,820 1,225 1,590 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 2,215 1,015 1,195 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 1,660 855 800 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 1,390 805 585 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 1,260 750 510 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 4,030 2,805 1,225 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 1,010 585 425 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 860 535 320 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 2,160 1,680 480 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 21,650 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 55,833 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,392 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,255 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,575 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,368 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 17,395 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 64,359 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,431 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 21,645 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,592 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,273 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,280 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,381 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,997 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 17,365 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,289 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,245 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 21,650 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 895 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 590 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 765 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,360 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,195 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,060 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,165 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,030 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 980 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 845 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,545 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,360 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,240 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,055 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 935 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,625 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,925 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,370 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,435 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 900 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 21,650 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 905 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 590 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 775 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,370 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,255 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,115 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,250 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,100 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,060 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 950 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,795 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,585 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,360 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,220 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,050 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,275 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,895 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,130 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,250 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 17,170 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 63,162 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,614 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,715 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,866 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,990 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,345 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,496 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 76,923 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,535 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 34,240 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 33,958 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 17,155 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,371 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,433 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,705 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,407 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,529 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,375 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,729 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,819 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,515 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,552 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,602 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,600 3,230 2,375 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,412 25,232 25,504 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,592 24,128 24,951 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,595 3,190 2,405 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,300 38,691 37,780 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,714 32,655 32,791 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 70,280 35,195 35,085 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 48,725 24,020 24,700 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 21,185 10,555 10,630 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 9,935 4,745 5,185 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 6,970 3,400 3,565 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 5,830 2,885 2,945 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 4,810 2,430 2,375 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 21,560 11,175 10,385 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 4,550 2,300 2,250 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 4,830 2,455 2,375 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 4,380 2,300 2,080 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 4,225 2,215 2,010 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 3,575 1,905 1,670 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 38,090 18,970 19,110 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 10,380 5,365 5,010 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 3,520 1,835 1,685 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 22,155 10,755 11,400 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 5,550 2,850 2,700 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,135 3,845 4,290 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 3,315 1,725 1,590 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 1,325 695 625 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 3,785 1,630 2,155 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,030 490 540 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.4 20.3 22.4 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 31.9 32.2 31.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 37.6 37.9 37.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 17.1 15.2 18.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 18.6 17.2 20.0 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,510 1,255 1,255 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 990 530 465 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 425 240 190 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 1,420 665 755 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 95 55 40 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.6 6.6 6.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.9 9.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 13.1 11.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 6.4 6.2 6.6 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.9 1.5 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 70,290 35,215 35,075 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 70,020 35,075 34,950 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 70,005 35,065 34,945 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 1,540 740 800 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 25,805 12,805 13,000 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 24,215 11,975 12,240 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 15,890 7,915 7,975 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 15,875 7,910 7,970 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 1,575 770 805 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 110 60 50 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 585 280 305 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 13,735 6,860 6,875 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 20 10 15 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 8,200 3,995 4,205 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 8,200 4,000 4,205 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 8,195 3,995 4,205 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 290 155 140 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 10 0 10 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,605 835 765 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 20 10 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 0 0 10 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 25 20 10 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 0 0 10 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 10 0 0 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 15 15 0 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 0 10 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 10 0 0 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 270 100 170 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 15 0 15 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 0 0 0 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 0 0 0 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 265 100 165 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 0 0 0 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 10 10 0 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 10 10 0 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 10 0 0 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 10 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 1,070 600 470 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 0 0 0 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 225 105 120 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 10 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 225 105 125 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 0 0 0 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 0 0 0 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 0 0 0 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 10 0 0 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 20 10 15 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 20 10 10 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 0 0 10 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 0 10 0 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 185 90 95 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 0 0 0 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 540 295 245 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 40 20 20 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 30 20 10 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 50 40 10 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 405 210 195 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 20 15 10 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 10 0 10 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 0 10 0 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 165 125 40 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 155 120 40 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 0 10 0 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 30 25 0 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 85 65 20 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 0 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 50 15 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 0 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 10 10 0 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 10 10 0 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 0 0 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 0 0 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 10 10 0 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 170 100 70 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 20 10 10 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 10 10 10 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 0 0 0 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 135 75 60 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 20 15 10 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 10 10 0 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 10 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 0 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 10 0 0 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 0 10 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 55 25 30 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 0 0 10 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 25 35 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 65 25 35 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 35 15 20 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 10 0 0 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 15 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 0 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 0 0 0 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 0 0 0 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 10 10 0 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 40 20 20 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 0 0 0 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 35 20 15 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 70,295 35,215 35,080 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 69,635 34,880 34,755 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,850 12,210 11,645 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 45,785 22,675 23,110 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 655 335 320 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 70,290 35,220 35,080 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 69,085 34,560 34,520 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,065 565 505 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 320 175 140 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 85 30 55 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 90 50 35 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 210 120 90 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 30 15 15 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 185 105 75 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 365 185 175 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 135 90 50 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,070 560 505 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 105 70 40 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 210 110 100 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 220 125 95 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 460 220 240 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 70 35 35 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,065 565 505 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 165 95 70 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 0 0 0 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 0 0 0 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 10 10 0 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 0 0 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 0 0 0 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 10 10 10 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 10 0 10 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 0 0 0 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 120 70 55 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 0 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 370 190 180 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 0 0 0 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 0 10 0 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 60 30 35 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 10 0 0 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 0 0 0 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 0 0 0 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 50 25 25 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 25 10 15 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 0 0 0 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 10 10 0 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 10 10 0 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 10 0 0 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 115 45 65 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 85 45 40 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 115 75 40 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 0 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 0 0 0 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 0 0 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 0 0 0 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 0 0 0 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 45 25 15 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 0 0 0 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 40 25 20 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 25 25 0 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 405 190 215 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 0 0 0 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 10 0 10 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 35 15 20 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 0 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 85 60 30 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 10 10 0 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 0 0 0 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 0 0 0 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 15 10 0 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 10 0 10 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 10 0 0 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 235 85 150 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 0 0 0 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 10 0 10 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 10 10 0 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 10 10 10 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 360 185 175 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 30 15 10 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 0 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 0 0 0 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 10 10 0 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 0 0 0 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10 0 0 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 40 15 25 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 20 10 10 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66</