Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton Centre [Federal electoral district], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton Centre
Alberta
[Federal electoral district]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Edmonton Centre [Federal electoral district], Alberta  Map : Edmonton Centre [Federal electoral district], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,941 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 106,121 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.6 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 60,382 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,918 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,421.9 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 45.39 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,940 56,080 53,860 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 12,540 6,520 6,025 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 4,980 2,550 2,430 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 4,155 2,180 1,980 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 3,415 1,790 1,620 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 82,125 43,065 39,055 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 4,275 2,135 2,145 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 9,320 4,565 4,755 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 12,995 6,675 6,320 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 11,705 6,305 5,395 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 8,765 4,850 3,915 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 7,115 3,885 3,230 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 6,780 3,610 3,170 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 7,465 3,915 3,550 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 7,520 3,935 3,590 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 6,180 3,190 2,990 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 15,280 6,495 8,785 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 4,545 2,255 2,290 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 3,010 1,365 1,650 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 2,470 1,040 1,425 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 2,305 890 1,415 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 2,940 945 1,995 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,765 635 1,130 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 940 275 665 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 200 35 165 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 35 0 35 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.4 11.6 11.2 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 74.7 76.8 72.5 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 13.9 11.6 16.3 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.7 1.7 3.7 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 37.1 36.7 37.7 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,920 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 15,415 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,680 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 23,820 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,085 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 915 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,345 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 20,450 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,920 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 23,880 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 18,020 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 5,830 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 4,005 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,185 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,470 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 97,395 49,555 47,845 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 44,250 22,620 21,630 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 32,895 16,835 16,065 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 11,350 5,790 5,570 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 53,150 26,940 26,210 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 36,930 20,755 16,180 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 2,915 1,425 1,485 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 8,455 3,745 4,710 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 4,845 1,015 3,835 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,265 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 15,545 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 4,820 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 3,505 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,400 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,265 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 20,805 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 15,130 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,675 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,460 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 3,445 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 1,015 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,805 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 12,465 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 8,340 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 3,785 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 3,245 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 1,305 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,465 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 3,080 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,030 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 350 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 38,425 20,790 17,635 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,920 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,250 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,085 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,170 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 500 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 29,170 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 23,880 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,590 54,760 52,830 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 96,380 49,440 46,935 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 180 65 110 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 9,550 4,615 4,935 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 1,480 640 845 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,590 54,765 52,830 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 103,140 52,550 50,590 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 2,330 1,210 1,120 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 675 385 295 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 1,445 615 825 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,665 1,405 1,260 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,590 54,760 52,825 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 104,910 53,445 51,465 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 76,410 39,135 37,275 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 74,165 37,965 36,200 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 2,250 1,170 1,080 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 28,495 14,310 14,185 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 450 165 285 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 355 130 230 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 10 0 5 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 325 120 205 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 50 15 35 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 20 10 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 250 95 160 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 25 5 20 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 50 15 30 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 15 35 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 35 10 20 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 10 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 10 0 10 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 20 10 15 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 10 5 5 350 165 185
Stoney 10 5 5 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 5 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,045 14,145 13,900 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,670 2,740 1,935 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 30 20 10 340 190 145
Kabyle 20 15 5 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 1,525 920 605 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 160 90 70 315 185 130
Oromo 330 190 140 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,025 630 390 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 3,115 1,795 1,320 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 770 405 360 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 1,300 810 490 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 145 80 65
Harari 15 10 5 260 135 120
Hebrew 50 35 20 960 505 460
Maltese 5 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 955 525 430 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 935 440 495 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 795 370 430 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 4,390 1,850 2,540 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 20 10 10 425 205 225
Cebuano 205 80 130 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 70 25 40 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 185 75 105 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 70 30 35 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 765 370 390
Pangasinan 10 5 5 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,735 1,585 2,155 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 980 430 550
Creole languages 125 70 50 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 75 45 30 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 605 335 270 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 20 10 15 535 270 265
Malayalam 295 165 130 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 220 120 100 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 75 45 30 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 11,135 5,705 5,430 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 60 40 20 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 25 15 10 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 3,495 1,630 1,865 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 45 20 25 1,010 475 535
Latvian 20 5 10 415 195 220
Lithuanian 25 15 15 600 285 315
Slavic languages 3,450 1,610 1,840 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 5 0 5 65 30 30
Bosnian 50 30 20 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 60 30 30 1,545 790 755
Croatian 245 135 105 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 80 40 45 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 10 5 5 360 185 175
Polish 930 445 485 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 625 280 345 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 260 130 125 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 20 970 480 485
Slovak 55 30 25 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10 695 320 370
Ukrainian 1,065 450 615 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 215 120 100
Celtic languages 15 10 5 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 135 70 65
Welsh 5 5 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,800 850 955 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 45 30 15 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 70 35 40 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 460 225 240 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 10 0 10 360 200 160
German 1,110 505 595 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 5 0 5 115 55 60
Norwegian 20 15 10 815 370 445
Swedish 45 15 25 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 320 150 170
Yiddish 20 10 10 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 155 85 70 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 2,660 1,510 1,150 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 2,030 1,140 890 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 175 95 80 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 165 95 70 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 510 285 225 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 10 10 5 370 190 185
Marathi 45 30 15 1,510 775 730
Nepali 520 280 245 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 180 130 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 25 10 15 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 40 30 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 185 110 75 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 615 365 250 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 45 35 10 1,550 845 705
Pashto 20 10 10 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 555 320 235 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,570 1,350 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 10 0 5 75 30 45
Italian 460 235 215 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 305 165 140 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 285 150 140 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 1,860 1,010 845 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 125 45 80 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 230 130 105
Georgian 15 5 5 230 130 100
Korean 390 180 210 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 545 255 290
Mongolian 5 0 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 915 510 410 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 145 85 60 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 15 10 10 275 155 120
Ewe 20 10 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 15 230 120 100
Ga 5 5 0 145 80 65
Ganda 20 10 5 280 145 135
Igbo 45 25 20 1,165 625 540
Lingala 20 5 10 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 15 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 40 25 805 405 400
Shona 35 20 20 1,100 545 555
Swahili 145 75 70 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 20 15 10 280 165 110
Yoruba 65 35 25 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 125 120 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 60 40 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 50 35 15 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 45 25 15 830 440 390
American Sign Language 25 15 10 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 5 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,060 1,910 2,150 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 3,960 1,860 2,100 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 1,615 750 865 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 20 10 10 990 465 530
Mandarin 1,890 885 1,005 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 5 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 30 45 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 10 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 175 165 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 50 55 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 30 15 15 430 230 200
Karenic languages 50 20 25 795 415 380
Tibetan 5 5 5 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 110 45 70 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 20 10 10 1,020 485 535
Thai 95 30 60 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 150 95 60 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 365 215 155
Turkish 120 75 45 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 5 0 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 10 5 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 215 100 115 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5 0 5 190 90 105
Finnish 25 15 15 810 330 480
Hungarian 180 85 100 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 690 415 280
Multiple responses 2,685 1,315 1,365 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 350 170 185 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 2,145 1,055 1,085 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 135 65 70 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,590 54,765 52,830 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 102,410 52,170 50,240 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 86,940 44,250 42,690 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 86,030 43,805 42,225 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 910 445 465 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 15,470 7,920 7,550 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 120 55 65 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 95 45 50 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 5 5 5 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 85 40 40 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 5 5 5 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 0 5 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 40 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 5 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 5 5 5 175 85 85
Stoney 5 0 5 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,350 7,870 7,480 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,455 1,975 1,490 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 20 10 10 200 105 95
Kabyle 10 0 5 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 1,205 730 480 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 135 80 60 280 160 115
Oromo 275 155 120 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 795 495 300 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,230 1,235 995 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 575 305 270 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 860 495 365 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 10 5 5 165 80 85
Hebrew 25 15 10 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 755 405 345 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 610 285 325 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 45 50 960 460 500
Vietnamese 520 245 275 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 2,505 1,135 1,370 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 5 0 5 70 40 35
Cebuano 65 30 35 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 5 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 470 215 255
Ilocano 65 30 35 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 20 10 10 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,295 1,035 1,260 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 120 155
Creole languages 60 35 30 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 20 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 385 215 175 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 10 5 5 210 105 105
Malayalam 210 115 100 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 135 80 60 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 30 20 10 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 5 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 4,745 2,470 2,270 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 30 15 15 1,060 570 485
Armenian 15 10 10 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 1,310 645 670 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 15 5 10 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 10 5 5 250 125 120
Slavic languages 1,295 635 655 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 15 10 5 785 400 385
Bulgarian 30 15 15 825 415 405
Croatian 100 55 45 1,800 905 895
Czech 25 15 10 875 440 430
Macedonian 5 0 5 175 90 85
Polish 375 175 200 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 325 160 165 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 160 80 80 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 315 160 155
Slovak 10 5 5 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 235 110 130 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 30 25
Celtic languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 185 90 90 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 25 10 10 1,705 835 875
Danish 5 0 5 150 75 75
Dutch 30 15 15 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 110 55 60 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 5 5 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 10 5 10 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 50 25 25 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 1,705 945 760 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 1,260 700 555 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 100 55 50 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 85 55 25 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 320 175 140 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 10 5 5 75 40 40
Marathi 20 10 10 845 440 405
Nepali 395 215 185 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 95 75 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 5 5 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 25 20 1,480 750 730
Urdu 115 70 50 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 435 240 200 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 15 10 10 850 440 410
Pashto 10 5 5 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 410 220 185 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 1,450 745 710 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 5 0 5 35 10 20
Italian 145 65 80 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 120 60 60 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 130 65 65 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 1,045 545 500 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 60 30 30 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 160 85 70
Georgian 10 0 5 160 85 70
Korean 235 100 135 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 5 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 410 230 185 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 80 45 35 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 5 5 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 5 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 105 55 45
Ga 5 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 10 10 0 95 50 50
Igbo 15 5 5 265 125 145
Lingala 5 5 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 10 350 175 170
Shona 10 0 5 410 190 225
Swahili 70 45 30 1,090 530 565
Wolof 25 10 10 170 95 75
Yoruba 20 10 10 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 15 1,525 765 755
Dinka 30 25 5 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 725 350 375
Sign languages 50 30 20 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 25 10 10 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 10 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,550 1,220 1,330 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 2,460 1,175 1,280 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 925 435 495 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 5 0 5 315 135 185
Mandarin 1,275 620 655 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 25 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 205 100 105 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 45 1,500 770 730
Burmese 25 15 10 280 145 130
Karenic languages 45 20 25 665 340 320
Tibetan 5 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 1,130 505 625
Lao 15 5 5 465 215 245
Thai 45 20 30 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 85 50 35 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 155 90 75
Turkish 70 40 30 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 5 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 50 25 25 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 45 20 25 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 5,175 2,590 2,590 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 195 110 85 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 4,815 2,390 2,420 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 60 30 30 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 110 55 50 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,595 54,760 52,830 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 90,295 45,985 44,305 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 6,500 3,315 3,180 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 1,305 635 670 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 9,130 4,630 4,500 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 355 135 220 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 8,775 4,495 4,285 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 75 40 40 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 170 95 70 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 105 50 55 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,980 47,465 45,520 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,175 45,520 43,660 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,633 46,552 34,931 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,185 45,525 43,665 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,261 40,739 31,954 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,950 42,335 39,615 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,984 47,186 34,587 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,185 25,160 30,020 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,820 1,757 3,417 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,070 38,155 33,915 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,647 47,354 35,712 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,950 47,515 45,440 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,175 45,580 43,600 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,459 70,289 48,136 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,185 45,585 43,600 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,463 56,068 40,514 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,875 42,315 39,565 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,230 71,895 47,755 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,080 25,230 29,845 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,733 6,408 7,008 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,100 38,140 33,960 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,335 63,880 45,739 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,950 47,515 45,435 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,210 19,205 15,005 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,065 63,306 54,450 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,913 81,647 64,018 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.0 95.0 90.0 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.9 76.2 72.8 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.0 5.0 10.0 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,980 47,465 45,520 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,805 1,940 1,865 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 89,175 45,520 43,655 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,015 4,420 5,590 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 12,135 5,265 6,865 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 11,995 5,225 6,770 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 9,800 4,740 5,060 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 9,255 4,615 4,640 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 7,775 4,095 3,680 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 6,115 3,450 2,670 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 4,650 2,755 1,900 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 3,740 2,200 1,535 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 3,085 1,790 1,295 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 10,600 6,965 3,640 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 6,550 4,170 2,375 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 4,050 2,790 1,260 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,980 47,465 45,520 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,795 1,940 1,850 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 89,190 45,525 43,665 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,205 4,495 5,710 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 12,675 5,540 7,130 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 13,845 6,115 7,720 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 12,350 6,160 6,190 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 11,140 5,785 5,360 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 8,120 4,545 3,570 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 5,845 3,420 2,420 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 4,350 2,555 1,795 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 10,660 6,900 3,760 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 3,140 1,870 1,270 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 1,140 665 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 5,710 3,885 1,825 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,985 47,460 45,520 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 20,910 9,305 11,605 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 72,070 38,160 33,915 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.5 80.4 74.5 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,750 3,075 3,675 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 4,445 1,945 2,505 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 8,520 3,890 4,630 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 7,475 3,460 4,015 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 7,545 3,830 3,715 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 7,490 3,870 3,625 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 6,480 3,485 3,000 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 5,030 2,895 2,135 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 3,960 2,370 1,590 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 14,365 9,340 5,025 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 3,225 1,955 1,275 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,720 1,595 1,130 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 8,415 5,795 2,625 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,920 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,283 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,456 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 23,880 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,797 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,554 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,040 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,875 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,666 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,835 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,492 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,289 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 23,770 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,311 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,128 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,070 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 131,046 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,502 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,920 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,510 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 920 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,335 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,320 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,845 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,060 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,125 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,160 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,245 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,230 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,355 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,840 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,525 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,200 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,785 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,465 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,135 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,365 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,820 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,145 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,920 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,555 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 925 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,360 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,430 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,050 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,460 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,585 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,835 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,850 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,940 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,450 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,915 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,535 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,110 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,485 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,720 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,905 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,050 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,142 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,801 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,850 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,068 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,642 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,390 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,026 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,657 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,220 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,416 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,376 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,145 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 135,680 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,491 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,865 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 139,881 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,027 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,475 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 166,637 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,031 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,150 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,871 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,266 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,675 18,900 15,780 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,224 41,168 36,817 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,105 36,398 33,399 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,375 18,725 15,650 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,049 53,682 47,898 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,460 44,045 40,562 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,475 53,955 51,520 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 50,410 25,215 25,190 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 12,215 6,270 5,940 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 10,415 4,960 5,455 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 9,235 4,650 4,590 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 9,295 4,690 4,605 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 9,245 4,650 4,600 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 55,065 28,735 26,330 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 9,325 4,755 4,565 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 8,830 4,575 4,250 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 9,605 5,045 4,565 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 11,205 5,870 5,335 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 16,105 8,495 7,610 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,475 53,955 51,520 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 14,675 7,590 7,085 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 5,880 3,020 2,860 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 78,310 40,795 37,510 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 12,490 5,570 6,920 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,720 7,785 7,935 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 2,795 1,475 1,325 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,285 655 625 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 11,385 5,730 5,655 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 1,535 580 950 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.4 15.4 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 19.0 19.4 18.7 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 21.9 21.7 21.9 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 14.0 15.1 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.4 13.7 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,895 7,645 7,255 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 2,300 1,225 1,080 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 1,075 560 515 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 11,790 6,100 5,690 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 800 320 480 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.1 14.2 14.1 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 16.1 15.2 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 18.3 18.5 18.0 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 15.0 15.2 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 6.4 5.7 6.9 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 105,540 54,050 51,490 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 104,015 53,405 50,610 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 103,875 53,340 50,530 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 9,500 4,540 4,960 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 36,245 18,470 17,770 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 735 285 445 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 625 240 390 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 20 0 15 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 575 225 350 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 170 65 110 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 40 25 10 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 365 130 240 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 25 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 30 0 25 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 50 10 40 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 40 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 15 0 15 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 20 10 15 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 10 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 10 10 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 10 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 65 35 30 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 35 25 15 530 285 245
Stoney 25 15 15 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,525 18,195 17,330 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,875 3,385 2,490 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 50 25 25 540 335 205
Kabyle 10 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 1,690 1,030 660 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 165 90 70 370 235 135
Oromo 380 235 145 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 1,165 725 445 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 4,515 2,565 1,945 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 1,250 725 520 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 2,240 1,345 895 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 150 70 75
Harari 20 10 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 225 120 110 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 20 10 15 145 85 55
Tigrigna 1,265 665 605 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,305 630 675 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 105 75 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 1,130 530 605 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 5,510 2,370 3,140 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 210 95 115 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 10 0 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 40 0 30 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 305 130 170 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 100 45 60 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 120 50 65 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 10 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,245 2,255 2,995 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 180 95 90 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 45 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 50 25 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 650 375 275 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 10 0 10 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 305 180 130 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 290 160 130 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 85 50 35 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 30 20 10 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 15,160 7,990 7,175 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 55 30 20 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 40 10 25 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 3,965 1,895 2,065 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 60 35 25 1,360 660 705
Latvian 15 10 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 50 25 20 775 360 415
Slavic languages 3,930 1,875 2,055 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 55 40 15 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 40 25 15 1,795 945 850
Croatian 380 195 185 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 115 60 60 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 20 0 10 535 270 265
Polish 1,070 535 535 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 1,065 515 550 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 330 170 165 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 80 50 30 1,095 550 540
Slovak 40 25 15 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 735 360 375
Ukrainian 1,275 510 765 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 250 120 130
Celtic languages 95 55 40 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 440 215 225
Welsh 20 15 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 450 220 225
Germanic languages 2,825 1,470 1,350 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 95 55 45 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 95 45 55 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 535 270 260 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 15 10 10 475 275 205
German 1,955 1,025 925 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 10 0 10 160 70 95
Norwegian 75 45 30 1,450 635 810
Swedish 85 50 35 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 10 380 170 215
Yiddish 35 15 20 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 175 95 80 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 3,550 2,085 1,465 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 2,775 1,620 1,150 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 215 125 85 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 215 145 75 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 1,425 865 560 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 10 0 10 625 300 320
Marathi 120 85 30 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 555 330 220 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 600 365 235 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 45 15 30 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 80 75 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 300 170 130 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 780 460 325 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 50 40 10 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 20 15 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 725 410 315 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 5,040 2,625 2,410 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 35 15 20 170 95 80
Italian 920 420 495 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 375 240 140 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 310 155 160 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 3,640 1,905 1,730 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 130 125
Japanese 345 145 200 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 10 10 0 230 130 100
Korean 445 175 270 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 1,795 1,005 790 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 215 120 100 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 45 20 30 620 325 290
Ewe 40 10 30 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 40 20 300 165 135
Ga 35 20 15 345 190 155
Ganda 60 40 20 610 305 305
Igbo 80 45 35 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 75 35 35 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 15 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 95 50 45 1,155 605 550
Shona 100 40 60 1,810 850 960
Swahili 435 275 155 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 70 40 35 600 365 235
Yoruba 160 85 75 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 550 320 230 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 65 35 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 65 45 25 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 290 115 175 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 175 65 110 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 50 70 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,640 2,290 2,355 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 4,570 2,260 2,310 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 2,065 985 1,085 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 25 10 15 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 2,570 1,290 1,280 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 10 0 10 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 30 50 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 430 210 220 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 40 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 35 15 20 605 305 295
Karenic languages 30 15 15 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 150 75 80 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 50 30 25 1,520 730 795
Thai 105 45 55 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 235 140 100 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 630 325 300
Turkish 195 115 85 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 15 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 315 145 170 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 10 10 0 185 85 105
Finnish 30 15 15 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 285 125 155 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 105,545 54,055 51,495 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,995 45,480 43,510 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,590 6,545 6,045 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,405 38,940 37,465 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,550 8,570 7,980 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 105,545 54,055 51,495 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 73,595 37,530 36,065 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,970 13,765 13,205 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 5,030 2,495 2,530 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 2,720 1,470 1,250 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 3,410 1,695 1,710 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 6,330 3,305 3,025 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 2,270 1,205 1,075 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 4,055 2,105 1,950 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,490 4,805 4,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,980 2,750 2,225 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,970 13,770 13,200 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 2,280 1,270 1,015 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 4,410 2,265 2,145 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 5,575 2,810 2,765 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 12,780 6,555 6,225 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,915 870 1,045 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,970 13,765 13,205 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 3,005 1,490 1,515 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 70 40 30 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 250 150 100 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 305 190 120 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 115 40 70 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 55 20 30 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 220 120 100 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 195 100 95 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 100 45 55 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 145 50 95 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 380 490 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 685 360 320 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 5,950 3,005 2,945 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 165 90 75 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 205 105 100 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 75 35 35 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 530 305 220 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 85 40 40 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 110 40 70 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 205 120 80 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 315 160 155 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 430 215 220 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 710 355 355 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 85 50 35 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 215 115 105 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 250 115 135 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 130 60 65 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 410 165 245 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,320 685 635 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 715 345 370 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 5,775 3,380 2,400 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 65 30 30 1,340 715 625
Egypt 125 85 40 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 1,220 715 505 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 215 125 90 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 95 75 20 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 345 190 155 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 875 530 340 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 210 115 95 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 2,630 1,515 1,115 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 11,875 5,725 6,155 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 100 70 30 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 85 45 40 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,160 500 665 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 615 285 330 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 1,130 690 445 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 435 245 190 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 110 75 30 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 105 35 70 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 260 90 170 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 160 95 70 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 205 130 75 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 4,515 1,900 2,615 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 150 75 75 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 205 130 75 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 75 30 45 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 935 455 475 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 1,635 885 750 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 360 170 195 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,490 4,805 4,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 645 340 305 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 25 15 10 860 370 490
Colombia 65 35 35 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 20 10 15 465 215 255
Haiti 20 15 10 385 240 150
Jamaica 50 25 20 1,660 765 895
Mexico 65 50 20 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 85 90 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 200 100 95 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 805 450 360 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 10 0 10 425 240 180
Germany 35 25 10 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 75 20 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10 10 715 365 350
Romania 40 15 25 1,100 545 555