Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton Griesbach [Federal electoral district], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton Griesbach
Alberta
[Federal electoral district]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Edmonton Griesbach [Federal electoral district], Alberta  Map : Edmonton Griesbach [Federal electoral district], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 112,287 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 107,809 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,442 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,145 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,442.7 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 45.97 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 112,290 57,370 54,915 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 18,395 9,470 8,925 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 6,810 3,485 3,325 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 6,250 3,225 3,030 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 5,335 2,770 2,570 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 76,440 40,250 36,195 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 5,940 3,090 2,845 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 7,715 3,990 3,730 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 8,945 4,670 4,270 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 8,845 4,605 4,240 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 7,805 4,060 3,745 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 7,060 3,680 3,380 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 7,165 3,765 3,395 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 8,535 4,630 3,900 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 8,170 4,400 3,770 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,270 3,350 2,915 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 17,450 7,650 9,795 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 4,650 2,340 2,310 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 3,630 1,625 2,000 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 3,200 1,400 1,805 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 2,815 1,155 1,660 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 3,145 1,125 2,025 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,895 735 1,155 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 935 305 630 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 275 70 200 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 35 10 30 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 16.5 16.3 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.1 70.2 65.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.5 13.3 17.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.3 39.4 41.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.9 38.4 39.6 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,145 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,110 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,715 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,315 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,260 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 3,920 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,630 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,480 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,145 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 14,345 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 14,655 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 7,065 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 5,060 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,015 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,145 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 93,890 47,900 45,995 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 44,080 22,275 21,805 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 34,475 17,465 17,015 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 9,605 4,810 4,795 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 49,805 25,620 24,190 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 32,545 19,070 13,470 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 3,000 1,425 1,570 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 8,010 3,770 4,235 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 6,255 1,350 4,900 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,205 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 14,860 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 6,315 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 4,400 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,625 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,205 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 21,000 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 16,205 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,800 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,205 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 5,665 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 1,535 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,000 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 10,415 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 10,590 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 4,515 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 3,820 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,255 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,205 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 4,450 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,800 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 955 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,275 15,545 11,730 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,145 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,090 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,760 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,325 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,035 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,025 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 14,345 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,515 56,090 53,430 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 99,445 51,235 48,215 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 235 110 130 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,800 3,535 3,260 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 3,035 1,205 1,825 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,515 56,085 53,425 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 103,375 53,085 50,295 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 2,405 1,395 1,010 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 785 450 335 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,955 1,160 1,795 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,795 1,620 1,175 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.9 2.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,515 56,085 53,425 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 106,300 54,500 51,800 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 75,280 39,270 36,010 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 73,035 37,975 35,060 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 2,245 1,300 945 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 31,025 15,230 15,790 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 695 295 405 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 585 240 340 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 10 5 10 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 550 225 325 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 10 5 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 95 30 60 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 25 15 10 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 420 175 245 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 20 10 10 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 55 30 25 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 30 30 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 45 20 25 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 5 5 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 0 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 5 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 20 5 15 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 10 0 10 1,215 570 635
Stoney 10 0 10 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,330 14,940 15,395 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,490 3,415 3,080 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 20 15 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 10 10 5 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 2,035 1,050 990 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 45 30 15 805 455 350
Oromo 275 145 130 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,700 865 835 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 4,420 2,340 2,080 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 605 290 315 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 3,175 1,705 1,470 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 65 35 30 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 10 0 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 5 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 530 285 250 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,195 1,050 1,145 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 75 80 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 2,035 970 1,070 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 3,040 1,320 1,715 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 160 65 95 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 10 5 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 50 20 30 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 110 40 65 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 50 25 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 15 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 5 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 1,145 1,470 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 145 80 70 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 85 45 40 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 250 135 110 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 110 60 55 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 110 65 45 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 25 10 10 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 11,790 5,840 5,950 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 35 20 15 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 15 5 10 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 3,875 1,775 2,095 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 15 5 10 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 0 0 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 10 0 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 3,855 1,770 2,085 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 85 45 45 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 30 15 15 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 200 110 95 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 65 30 35 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 10 5 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 935 435 500 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 245 125 120 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 195 105 90 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 15 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 45 25 20 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 1,960 835 1,130 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 15 10 10 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,430 680 760 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 20 10 10 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 60 35 30 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 380 185 195 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 5 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 935 430 500 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 5 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 15 5 15 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 10 5 5 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 5 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 155 80 75 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,745 950 790 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,435 775 655 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 140 75 60 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 75 40 30 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 430 230 200 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 10 5 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 10 5 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 165 80 85 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260 160 100 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 10 5 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 270 140 130 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 295 170 130 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 70 40 30 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 95 45 40 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 135 85 55 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 4,525 2,315 2,210 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 1,075 510 565 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 1,090 540 550 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 225 110 115 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 2,135 1,145 985 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 50 5 40 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 10 10 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 140 70 70 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 10 0 5 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 1,170 620 550 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 5 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 30 10 10 1,670 770 900
Ewe 25 15 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 35 15 20 1,295 625 665
Igbo 35 20 15 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 25 10 15 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 35 40 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 140 75 65 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 35 20 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 240 130 115 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 30 25 10 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 90 55 30 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 150 160 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 125 100 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 95 45 55 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 75 50 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 35 15 20 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 15 10 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,310 2,025 2,280 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 3,990 1,845 2,150 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 2,675 1,220 1,455 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 45 15 25 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 720 345 375 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 10 5 5 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 75 90 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 365 180 185 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 320 180 135 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 20 15 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 285 155 130 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 5 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 135 50 85 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 80 40 40 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 55 15 40 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 100 60 40 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 85 55 35 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 5 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 200 100 95 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 25 15 15 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 175 90 85 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 3,215 1,585 1,625 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 330 165 165 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 2,620 1,280 1,340 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 180 100 80 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 80 40 40 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,515 56,090 53,425 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 103,030 52,880 50,150 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 85,255 44,095 41,160 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 84,380 43,595 40,785 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 875 500 375 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 17,775 8,785 8,990 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 140 80 65 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 125 70 55 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 70 55 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 10 5 5 110 55 60
Plains Cree 5 5 5 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 105 55 45 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 10 5 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 5 0 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 5 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,635 8,705 8,930 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,680 2,405 2,270 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 10 5 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 10 5 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,580 810 770 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 40 25 15 620 330 285
Oromo 215 105 105 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 1,320 670 650 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 3,085 1,590 1,495 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 420 195 220 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 2,205 1,160 1,050 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 50 20 30 735 335 400
Hebrew 5 5 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 380 195 185 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,615 765 850 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 55 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,510 715 795 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 1,685 820 865 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 55 30 25 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 5 5 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 20 10 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 45 20 25 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 0 435 220 210
Malay 25 10 10 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 5 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,535 750 790 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 120 65 60 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 80 45 35 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 170 85 85 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 90 40 50 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 70 40 30 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 10 5 5 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 5,070 2,540 2,530 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 15 5 15 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,205 575 625 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 5 0 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,195 575 620 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 50 25 25 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 15 5 5 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 90 45 45 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 15 10 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 10 5 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 380 180 210 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 125 65 60 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 125 65 55 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 10 5 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 365 160 200 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 150 70 75 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 5 0 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 5 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 5 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 115 60 60 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 65 30 35 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 1,115 605 510 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 930 505 420 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 95 50 40 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 40 30 15 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 275 145 125 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 110 55 50 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 110 60 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 10 5 5 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 20 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 180 85 95 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 180 100 85 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 35 25 20 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 55 30 25 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 95 50 40 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,520 1,245 1,275 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 465 205 260 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 575 255 320 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 120 65 55 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,360 720 640 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 10 5 5 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 10 5 5 1,035 565 475
Korean 65 35 35 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 525 250 275 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 15 5 10 345 160 185
Igbo 15 10 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 10 10 5 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 20 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 135 55 80 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 20 10 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 40 30 15 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 110 55 55 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 65 30 35 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 40 25 20 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,300 1,540 1,760 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,055 1,395 1,655 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 2,110 945 1,165 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 30 10 15 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 510 255 255 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 35 55 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 145 160 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 140 105 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 20 10 5 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 225 125 105 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 45 25 20 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 35 15 15 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 60 35 25 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 50 30 20 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 10 5 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 60 30 35 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 0 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 55 30 30 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 6,490 3,210 3,275 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 275 145 125 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 5,965 2,925 3,040 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 90 45 45 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 165 95 70 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,515 56,085 53,425 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 92,295 47,435 44,860 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 6,325 3,220 3,100 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,085 575 510 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 9,485 4,685 4,800 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 540 215 325 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 8,950 4,475 4,475 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 80 50 30 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 135 70 70 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 100 50 50 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,845 45,845 43,990 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,030 43,370 41,660 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 42,284 27,653 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,040 43,375 41,665 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,404 37,569 26,233 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,935 39,105 34,830 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,948 43,089 26,891 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,650 26,050 31,605 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,451 5,099 7,088 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,080 34,425 28,660 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,244 45,254 30,866 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,735 45,875 43,865 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,020 43,445 41,575 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,240 50,690 35,454 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,040 43,455 41,585 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,990 42,476 31,257 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,990 39,295 34,690 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,932 50,595 34,252 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,420 26,100 31,315 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,706 8,204 9,124 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,055 34,345 28,710 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,592 51,501 36,327 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,740 45,870 43,865 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,665 15,695 11,975 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,688 61,484 49,737 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,704 68,062 53,369 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.6 90.6 80.6 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.9 79.7 70.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.4 9.4 19.4 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,840 45,850 43,995 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 4,810 2,480 2,335 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 85,030 43,370 41,660 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.6 94.6 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,965 4,790 6,175 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 14,045 5,785 8,260 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 13,280 5,530 7,750 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 9,750 4,550 5,195 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 8,710 4,465 4,250 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 7,375 4,015 3,355 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 5,730 3,500 2,225 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,335 2,885 1,450 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 2,135 930 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,185 1,455 730 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 5,595 4,250 1,350 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 4,380 3,270 1,110 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,215 975 235 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,840 45,850 43,990 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 4,800 2,475 2,330 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 85,035 43,375 41,665 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.7 94.6 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,130 4,840 6,290 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 14,565 6,030 8,535 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 15,105 6,430 8,680 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 12,000 5,865 6,135 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 10,485 5,670 4,820 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 7,780 4,720 3,060 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,155 3,465 1,690 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,260 2,210 1,050 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 5,550 4,145 1,405 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,200 1,560 645 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,170 855 310 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 2,180 1,730 450 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,840 45,845 43,995 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 26,760 11,425 15,335 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 63,080 34,420 28,660 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.1 65.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,980 3,280 3,695 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 4,385 1,980 2,405 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 7,775 3,500 4,275 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 6,795 3,145 3,655 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 6,755 3,360 3,395 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 6,720 3,545 3,175 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 6,000 3,305 2,690 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 4,770 2,985 1,785 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,670 2,520 1,150 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 9,235 6,795 2,435 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,615 1,855 755 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,330 660 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 4,630 3,615 1,015 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,145 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,588 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,559 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,340 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,035 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,886 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,800 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,738 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,420 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,165 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,393 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,641 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,410 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,141 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,390 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,755 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,377 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,281 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,145 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 840 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 715 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,885 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,685 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,885 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,860 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,955 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,860 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,790 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,550 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,365 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,150 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,710 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,430 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,480 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,910 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,225 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,375 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,970 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,145 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 870 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,000 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,935 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,860 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,085 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,175 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,290 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,245 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,290 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,295 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,895 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,345 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,995 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,455 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,685 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,425 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,505 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,750 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,200 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,437 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,803 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,450 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,242 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,711 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,660 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,218 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,128 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,605 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,737 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,856 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,115 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,482 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,792 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,465 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,964 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,813 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,620 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,303 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,054 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,620 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,914 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,888 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,115 13,365 9,750 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,709 38,469 28,774 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,753 34,304 27,068 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,135 13,435 9,695 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,884 46,854 37,380 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,574 39,292 32,806 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,145 55,260 52,880 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,500 29,365 30,135 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 13,365 6,685 6,680 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 12,955 6,100 6,850 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 11,820 5,685 6,130 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 10,790 5,475 5,315 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 10,575 5,415 5,155 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 48,645 25,895 22,750 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 10,640 5,480 5,155 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 9,885 5,275 4,615 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 10,170 5,405 4,765 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 9,905 5,305 4,600 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 8,050 4,435 3,615 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,140 55,260 52,885 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 21,650 11,165 10,485 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 8,120 4,160 3,965 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 71,405 37,300 34,105 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 15,090 6,795 8,295 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,265 8,775 9,495 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 6,080 3,100 2,980 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 2,380 1,225 1,155 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 10,195 4,925 5,265 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,995 745 1,250 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.9 15.9 18.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 28.1 27.8 28.4 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 29.3 29.4 29.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.2 15.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.2 11.0 15.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,455 8,205 8,250 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 4,965 2,525 2,440 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 1,915 980 935 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 10,415 5,275 5,140 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,070 405 665 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.2 14.8 15.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 22.9 22.6 23.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 23.6 23.6 23.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 14.6 14.1 15.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.1 6.0 8.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,005 55,140 52,870 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 105,100 54,020 51,080 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 104,840 53,930 50,915 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 7,140 3,545 3,595 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 38,330 19,020 19,310 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,165 455 710 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 1,020 385 635 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 10 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 990 375 615 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 0 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 165 60 100 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 75 35 40 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 725 265 460 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 0 30 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 40 10 30 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 100 45 55 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 45 55 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 10 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 80 30 50 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 15 10 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 10 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 15 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 25 15 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 10 0 10 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 10 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,210 18,585 18,620 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,940 4,750 4,185 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 45 20 25 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 25 10 15 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,465 1,355 1,105 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 35 30 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 275 150 130 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 2,160 1,185 975 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 6,720 3,500 3,225 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 925 470 455 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 5,245 2,775 2,470 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 95 35 65 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 25 10 15 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 660 320 340 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,965 1,375 1,590 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 270 135 135 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 2,725 1,245 1,480 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 3,720 1,630 2,090 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 200 95 105 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 25 25 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 95 40 55 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 110 55 60 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 10 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,460 1,505 1,960 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 415 230 190 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 260 140 115 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 285 150 135 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 10 10 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 115 55 55 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 155 90 65 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 30 10 20 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 14,150 7,090 7,060 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 85 40 45 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 15 10 10 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 4,245 2,025 2,220 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 10 0 10 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 0 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 10 0 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 4,235 2,025 2,210 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 155 75 75 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 45 25 20 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 270 150 120 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 80 35 50 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 15 10 10 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 1,055 570 490 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 580 310 270 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 230 130 100 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 50 35 20 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 10 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 2,215 970 1,250 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 30 20 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 10 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,820 895 925 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 30 10 20 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 55 25 35 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 400 205 195 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 10 10 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,335 650 685 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 10 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 25 20 0 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 235 100 135 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 2,020 1,080 940 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 1,785 940 840 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 200 105 90 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 100 50 55 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 850 460 390 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 10 10 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 110 55 55 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 340 195 145 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 45 25 15 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 375 205 175 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 275 165 110 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 75 50 25 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 20 20 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 195 110 80 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 6,045 3,100 2,950 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,540 785 750 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 1,245 630 610 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 175 80 95 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 3,290 1,710 1,580 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 130 60 70 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 15 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 170 75 95 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 10 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,775 970 805 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 105 55 50 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 25 10 15 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 15 15 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 10 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 40 15 25 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 40 25 15 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 140 65 70 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 60 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 155 75 80 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 70 35 30 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 580 320 255 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 55 35 20 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 170 115 55 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 560 290 270 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 295 150 140 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 195 85 110 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 100 70 35 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 205 85 120 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 120 40 75 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,985 2,405 2,580 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 4,625 2,210 2,420 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 3,295 1,535 1,760 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 35 15 25 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 1,420 670 745 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 10 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 175 55 120 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 230 180 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 360 200 160 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 85 60 30 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 265 130 130 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 10 10 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 165 60 105 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 110 45 65 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 65 20 50 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 95 70 30 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 10 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 85 60 25 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 10 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 185 100 85 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 10 10 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 15 10 10 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 160 90 70 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,010 55,140 52,865 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 96,505 49,305 47,195 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,455 9,985 9,470 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,045 39,325 37,725 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,510 5,835 5,675 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,010 55,145 52,865 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 77,305 39,440 37,860 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 28,675 14,650 14,025 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 6,440 3,355 3,085 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 3,785 1,955 1,830 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 4,005 1,980 2,025 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 7,420 3,875 3,545 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 2,915 1,455 1,460 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 4,505 2,425 2,080 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,025 3,485 3,550 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,025 1,045 980 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 28,680 14,650 14,030 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 2,695 1,460 1,230 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 4,755 2,690 2,070 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 6,645 3,245 3,405 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 12,140 6,125 6,015 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,435 1,130 1,310 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 28,675 14,650 14,025 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 3,170 1,680 1,485 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 65 30 35 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 310 155 155 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 460 265 200 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 140 65 75 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 170 100 70 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 340 185 160 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 255 120 135 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 55 20 30 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 145 85 65 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 605 315 290 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 615 345 270 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 6,435 3,285 3,145 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 95 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 140 80 65 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 65 30 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 635 260 380 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 75 40 40 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 110 55 55 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 15 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 965 515 455 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 330 200 135 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 755 395 360 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 870 430 435 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 130 55 65 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 125 80 50 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 40 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 415 190 220 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 955 485 475 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 495 270 225 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 6,220 3,410 2,815 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 35 30 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 175 110 60 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 915 460 455 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 275 170 110 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 145 90 55 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 335 210 125 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,240 655 585 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 110 60 50 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 2,990 1,615 1,370 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 12,390 6,065 6,320 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 60 30 30 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 130 75 55 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,605 695 910 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 335 185 150 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 470 270 200 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 65 40 20 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 470 265 210 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 20 0 20 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 40 55 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 945 540 405 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 255 130 125 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 2,985 1,285 1,695 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 125 65 60 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 575 325 250 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 70 35 35 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 2,415 1,170 1,250 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 1,765 915 850 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 465 205 260 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,030 3,480 3,545 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 665 340 330 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 15 10 15 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 35 20 20 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 20 15 10 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 95 55 40 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 120 45 70 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 90 45 45 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 135 70 60 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 155 90 60 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 515 250 265 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 45 15 30 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0