Census Profile, 2016 Census
Lethbridge [Federal electoral district], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lethbridge
Alberta
[Federal electoral district]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Lethbridge [Federal electoral district], Alberta  Map : Lethbridge [Federal electoral district], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,394 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,999 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,317 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,696 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 39.5 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,975.08 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,395 58,090 59,305 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 22,425 11,535 10,890 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 7,810 3,970 3,840 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 7,800 4,090 3,710 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 6,820 3,480 3,340 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 76,700 38,300 38,400 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 7,080 3,570 3,505 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 9,320 4,670 4,650 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 9,125 4,620 4,500 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 8,510 4,355 4,155 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 7,475 3,745 3,730 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 6,770 3,415 3,355 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 6,575 3,300 3,275 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 7,320 3,605 3,715 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 7,695 3,745 3,945 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,840 3,270 3,565 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 18,265 8,255 10,010 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 5,835 2,775 3,055 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 4,255 2,015 2,240 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 3,065 1,390 1,675 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 2,410 1,075 1,330 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 2,705 990 1,715 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,680 665 1,015 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 790 270 525 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 205 50 155 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 25 5 20 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.9 18.4 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.9 64.8 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.6 14.2 16.9 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.6 37.7 39.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.4 35.4 37.5 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,700 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,560 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 760 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,030 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,500 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 2,325 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,900 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,285 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,340 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,695 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 11,845 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 16,935 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 6,725 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 5,895 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,305 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,920 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 94,965 46,550 48,415 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 55,860 27,995 27,865 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 47,270 23,720 23,545 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 8,595 4,280 4,320 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 39,100 18,555 20,550 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 25,610 14,100 11,510 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 1,860 800 1,060 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 6,515 2,610 3,910 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 5,115 1,040 4,070 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,605 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 16,805 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 5,975 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 5,415 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,410 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,600 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 27,070 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 22,780 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,295 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,535 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 3,550 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 980 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,070 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 14,015 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 13,055 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 4,780 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 5,030 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,245 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,530 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 2,785 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,200 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,595 10,815 10,785 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,695 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,270 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,500 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,760 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 650 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,775 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 11,840 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,935 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 115,855 57,465 58,390 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 109,420 54,430 54,990 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 35 15 15 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 5,250 2,450 2,800 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,155 575 580 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 115,855 57,470 58,390 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 113,530 56,285 57,250 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 985 515 470 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 220 110 100 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,120 555 565 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,090 575 520 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 1.0 0.9 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 115,855 57,470 58,385 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 114,365 56,725 57,645 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 97,365 48,310 49,060 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 96,305 47,755 48,550 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,065 555 505 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 17,005 8,420 8,585 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 295 135 165 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 285 125 155 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 260 115 145 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 5 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 0 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 5 5 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,705 8,290 8,420 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 580 325 255 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 60 35 25 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 25 15 15 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 30 20 15 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 520 290 230 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 55 25 25 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 405 230 175 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 5 0 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 55 30 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 125 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 215 95 120 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,215 535 680 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 5 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 60 25 35 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 5 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 15 10 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 30 10 15 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 5 0 5 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 5 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,055 460 595 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 20 15 5 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 80 45 30 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 45 25 25 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 15 10 5 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 20 10 5 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 12,175 6,100 6,080 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 60 40 25 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 0 0 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 1,355 600 755 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 30 15 10 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 5 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 15 10 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 1,325 585 740 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 55 30 20 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 10 5 5 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 185 80 100 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 60 30 35 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 445 185 260 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 145 65 80 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 40 20 20 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 55 25 30 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 25 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 270 115 160 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 5 5 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 5 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 6,760 3,395 3,360 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 95 45 45 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 45 30 20 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,025 1,025 1,000 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 30 20 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 4,495 2,255 2,245 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 20 15 15 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 25 10 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 35 30 10 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,945 990 950 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 835 800 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 95 50 45 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 150 90 65 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 65 35 35 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5 5 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 965 475 490 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 75 60 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 5 15 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 145 75 70 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 305 155 150 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 20 10 10 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 35 10 25 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 245 130 115 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 2,020 1,045 975 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 270 140 130 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 80 35 45 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 75 40 35 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,585 830 755 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 720 380 340
Japanese 380 165 215 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 5 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 195 90 105 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 10 5 5 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 295 165 130 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 25 10 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 10 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 20 5 10 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 90 50 45 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 55 30 25 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 35 20 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 55 45 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 60 35 25 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 25 15 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 0 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 945 450 495 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 905 430 480 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 455 210 245 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 345 170 170 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 45 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 25 15 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 10 5 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 25 20 10 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 50 15 35 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 20 10 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 35 5 30 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 5 5 5 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 5 0 0 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 365 180 185 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 10 5 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 30 15 10 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 325 160 165 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,485 740 745 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 195 105 95 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,215 610 605 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 45 20 25 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 115,855 57,465 58,385 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 113,245 56,210 57,035 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 105,215 52,135 53,080 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 104,905 51,970 52,940 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 310 165 145 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 8,025 4,075 3,955 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 75 30 50 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 80 30 45 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 70 25 45 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,950 4,050 3,905 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 250 200 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 50 25 20 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 25 15 15 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 25 15 10 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 400 220 175 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 40 20 20 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 310 175 135 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 45 25 15 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 80 90 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 165 70 90 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 640 340 300 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 5 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 45 30 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 15 5 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 560 290 270 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 10 5 5 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 45 25 25 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 35 15 20 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 10 5 5 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5 0 5 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 5,490 2,790 2,695 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 10 5 0 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 385 185 200 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 5 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 5 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 380 185 195 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 25 15 10 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 0 0 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 70 30 40 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 5 5 0 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 140 60 80 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 55 35 25 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 20 10 10 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 15 5 5 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 35 15 20 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 2,555 1,295 1,265 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 40 20 20 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 245 125 120 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 5 0 185 95 90
German 2,225 1,125 1,105 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,625 820 810
Greek 5 0 0 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 1,390 700 690 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,190 600 590 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 60 35 25 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 115 60 55 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 30 15 15 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 800 395 410 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 40 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 10 0 5 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 65 30 35 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 195 95 100 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 0 5 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 25 10 15 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 165 85 80 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,145 605 540 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 55 20 35 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 35 15 25 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 35 20 15 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,015 545 470 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 140 55 85 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 135 60 75 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 55 30 20 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 5 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 30 20 10 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 35 25 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 0 0 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 600 290 310 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 575 270 305 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 280 120 155 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 220 110 110 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 35 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 20 10 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 5 5 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 25 15 10 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 10 5 5 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 15 5 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 0 5 0 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 0 0 0 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 35 15 20 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 35 15 20 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 2,610 1,260 1,350 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 120 60 55 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 2,445 1,175 1,265 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 15 10 10 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 115,855 57,465 58,385 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 106,285 52,750 53,530 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 3,620 1,860 1,760 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 955 420 535 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 4,840 2,360 2,485 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 395 180 215 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 4,445 2,175 2,270 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 30 10 25 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 50 30 20 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 70 40 35 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,850 45,265 46,585 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,240 43,490 44,745 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,099 46,207 29,976 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,255 43,495 44,760 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,688 40,685 27,937 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,505 41,190 40,315 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,647 44,884 27,587 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,775 23,515 33,260 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,505 4,552 5,882 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,865 35,690 33,170 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,069 44,901 28,775 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,855 45,260 46,585 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,420 43,635 44,785 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,771 58,358 39,430 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,425 43,635 44,785 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,277 48,459 34,279 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,885 41,395 40,490 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,198 57,036 37,139 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,745 23,515 33,230 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,885 7,883 7,886 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,870 35,630 33,240 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,878 53,226 35,929 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,850 45,265 46,585 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,880 18,685 13,195 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,496 59,734 47,453 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,997 68,008 53,483 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.8 84.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.4 75.1 68.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.1 15.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,850 45,265 46,585 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 3,615 1,770 1,840 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 88,240 43,490 44,750 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,180 3,850 6,325 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 13,270 5,020 8,255 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 13,170 5,370 7,805 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 10,395 4,600 5,800 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 9,500 4,715 4,785 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 7,800 4,265 3,535 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 5,955 3,660 2,295 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,470 2,910 1,560 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,250 2,060 1,190 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,685 1,020 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 7,540 5,350 2,185 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 5,415 3,700 1,715 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 2,130 1,655 470 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,850 45,260 46,590 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 3,595 1,770 1,825 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 88,255 43,495 44,760 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,470 3,925 6,540 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 13,835 5,270 8,560 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 15,060 6,190 8,865 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 12,820 5,970 6,855 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 11,000 5,915 5,085 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 7,930 4,805 3,130 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,365 3,435 1,925 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,870 2,470 1,395 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 7,905 5,515 2,395 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 1,710 1,010 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,630 1,140 490 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 3,560 2,665 895 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,850 45,265 46,585 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 22,980 9,570 13,415 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 68,865 35,695 33,175 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 75.0 78.9 71.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,860 3,415 4,445 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 5,215 2,170 3,050 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 9,085 3,860 5,220 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 7,625 3,215 4,410 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 7,475 3,385 4,095 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 6,960 3,555 3,405 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 6,005 3,430 2,575 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 4,670 2,960 1,710 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 2,325 1,090 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 10,565 7,390 3,175 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,645 1,725 925 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 2,290 1,450 840 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 5,630 4,215 1,415 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,695 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,452 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,779 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,845 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,690 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,387 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,855 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,956 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,587 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,695 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,367 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,874 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,840 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,396 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,496 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,855 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,801 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,652 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,695 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 595 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 410 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 635 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,325 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,185 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,520 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,685 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,010 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,850 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,835 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,390 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,230 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,915 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,640 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,870 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,510 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,615 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,880 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,865 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,695 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 430 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 640 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,390 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,300 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,995 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,300 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,155 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,245 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,235 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,680 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,240 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,820 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,815 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,075 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,925 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,815 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,620 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,773 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,250 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,270 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,177 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,885 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,135 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,937 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,543 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,210 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,319 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,215 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,590 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,075 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,642 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,265 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,634 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,221 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,145 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,799 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,001 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,230 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,489 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,152 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,005 9,585 9,420 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,259 35,682 29,659 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,823 32,061 27,982 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,975 9,660 9,320 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,362 45,907 38,688 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,479 38,918 33,952 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 113,920 56,615 57,310 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,145 26,570 28,575 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 9,275 4,430 4,845 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 10,925 5,015 5,905 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 11,550 5,530 6,020 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 11,675 5,785 5,885 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 11,725 5,810 5,915 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 58,775 30,040 28,730 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 11,870 5,975 5,895 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 11,585 5,915 5,670 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 11,865 6,035 5,830 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 11,845 6,130 5,715 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 11,610 5,995 5,620 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 113,920 56,610 57,310 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 25,995 13,310 12,685 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 9,165 4,705 4,460 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 71,620 35,685 35,935 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 16,310 7,620 8,685 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,760 5,865 6,890 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 3,900 1,950 1,950 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 1,585 760 825 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 7,500 3,435 4,065 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,360 485 880 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.2 10.4 12.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 14.7 15.4 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 16.2 18.5 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 9.6 11.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.3 6.4 10.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,425 3,605 3,820 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,950 990 965 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 745 365 385 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 5,215 2,490 2,720 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 260 125 135 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.5 6.4 6.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.4 7.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.1 7.8 8.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.3 7.0 7.6 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.6 1.6 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 113,920 56,570 57,350 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 112,940 56,130 56,805 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 112,905 56,115 56,790 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 5,240 2,420 2,820 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 20,485 10,310 10,175 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 680 310 365 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 650 295 360 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 610 275 335 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 20 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 10 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 10 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 10 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 10 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,820 10,010 9,810 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 795 435 360 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 85 30 55 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 40 15 25 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 45 20 30 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 715 400 310 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 80 45 35 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 490 275 220 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 25 10 10 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 10 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 155 110 45 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 290 130 155 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 270 125 150 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 1,645 760 890 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 10 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 125 70 60 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 45 20 20 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 60 20 40 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 10 10 0 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,530 705 825 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 45 30 15 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 10 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 140 80 55 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 85 45 45 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 35 30 10 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 15 10 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 14,020 7,170 6,850 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 55 35 25 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 1,535 740 795 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 35 25 10 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 10 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 25 20 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 1,515 730 790 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 100 55 50 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 20 10 10 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 175 80 90 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 105 55 50 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 450 195 250 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 350 185 165 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 50 25 20 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 65 30 35 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 15 30 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 330 140 190 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 30 20 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 6,900 3,480 3,420 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 115 60 60 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 45 35 10 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,535 1,240 1,290 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 45 35 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 4,115 2,100 2,010 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 40 20 15 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 25 10 10 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 25 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 35 15 15 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 2,230 1,175 1,055 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 1,815 955 855 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 105 65 45 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 175 100 80 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 325 195 130 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 10 10 10 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,035 525 510 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260 135 125 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 15 0 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 20 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 155 90 65 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 425 220 200 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 30 10 20 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 120 50 65 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 370 205 165 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 3,660 1,980 1,675 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 375 185 195 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 75 50 20 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 115 75 40 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 3,160 1,700 1,460 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 545 265 280 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 255 125 130 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 610 330 285 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 90 60 25 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 10 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 65 30 35 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 20 15 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 15 15 10 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 20 10 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 185 90 100 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 155 65 90 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 55 15 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 50 35 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 45 35 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 125 60 65 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 85 35 45 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,035 475 560 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 1,020 460 560 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 600 255 345 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 10 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 370 165 200 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 0 15 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 40 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 15 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 10 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 10 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 45 25 20 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 70 20 45 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 30 15 20 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 10 0 0 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 0 10 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 455 220 235 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 70 50 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 380 165 215 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 113,920 56,570 57,350 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 107,165 53,105 54,060 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,670 12,525 12,150 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,495 40,580 41,915 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,755 3,465 3,290 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 113,925 56,575 57,350 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,895 47,960 48,935 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,365 7,700 7,665 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 4,870 2,410 2,460 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 1,465 710 760 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 1,880 940 935 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 3,750 1,935 1,815 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 1,210 620 595 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 2,540 1,315 1,225 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,405 1,710 1,690 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,660 915 750 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,365 7,700 7,665 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 1,890 985 905 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 3,540 1,835 1,700 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 3,340 1,690 1,655 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 5,575 2,645 2,930 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,020 545 475 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,365 7,700 7,665 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 3,660 1,815 1,850 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 10 10 10 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 115 45 70 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 580 330 255 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 45 25 20 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 10 10 0 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 20 15 0 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,085 580 505 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 35 10 25 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,170 525 650 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 575 255 315 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 5,845 2,990 2,845 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 115 60 55 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 60 40 20 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 40 10 25 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 590 290 300 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 10 0 10 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 190 90 100 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 40 30 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 205 100 110 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,500 780 725 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 315 140 180 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 10 10 0 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 105 65 40 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 95 45 50 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 30 0 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 180 65 115 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,825 960 865 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 490 270 220 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 1,195 670 530 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 10 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 45 40 0 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 110 60 55 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 85 50 35 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 10 10 0 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 155 85 70 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 40 15 20 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 160 75 85 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 575 330 240 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 4,510 2,145 2,365 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 190 95 95 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 70 35 35 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 520 240 280 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 15 35 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 415 210 200 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 60 35 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 0 10 0 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 145 70 75 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 65 60 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 10 10 0 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 105 60 45 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 1,225 510 715 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 40 20 20 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 140 65 75 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 35 10 30 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 240 135 110 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 1,105 545 560 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 80 70 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,405 1,710 1,690 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 480 245 240 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 0 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 35 10 25 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 10 10 0 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 115 65 50 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 40 70 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 0 15 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 195 115 75 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 415 250 165 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 55 25 35 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 10 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10 0 5,900 2,735