Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burnaby South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burnaby South
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Burnaby South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Burnaby South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 111,973  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,037  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,958  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,429.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 46.08  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 111,970 54,235 57,740 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,115 7,255 6,860 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,295 2,705 2,590 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,615 2,390 2,225 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,205 2,155 2,045 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 80,185 38,975 41,210 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,650 2,930 2,720 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,810 4,510 4,295 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 10,050 5,110 4,935 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 9,380 4,660 4,725 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,905 3,915 3,995 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,380 3,445 3,935 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,835 3,580 4,250 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,600 4,025 4,580 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,740 3,610 4,135 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,835 3,190 3,645 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 17,670 8,005 9,670 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,735 2,690 3,045 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,990 1,845 2,145 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,175 1,450 1,725 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,435 1,125 1,315 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,330 895 1,435 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,455 605 850 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 670 240 430 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 175 35 140 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 10 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.6 13.4 11.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 71.6 71.9 71.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.8 14.8 16.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.7 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.1 42.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.1 38.3 41.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 24,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 3,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 13,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 110,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 97,860 46,975 50,880 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 54,635 27,110 27,525 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 48,290 23,905 24,390 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 6,345 3,210 3,135 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 43,225 19,870 23,355 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 30,790 16,275 14,520 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,105 790 1,315 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,760 1,970 3,790 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,565 835 3,730 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 26,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 22,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 13,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,135 11,445 12,685 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 27,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 16,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 13,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 111,085 53,880 57,205 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 96,745 47,680 49,065 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 50 20 30 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,625 2,600 3,020 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,665 3,575 5,090 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 111,085 53,880 57,210 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 100,815 49,495 51,315 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 830 440 385 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 890 415 475 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,560 3,530 5,030 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,275 650 625 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 111,085 53,880 57,210 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 106,825 51,835 54,990 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 40,360 21,150 19,215 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 39,585 20,725 18,860 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 775 420 355 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 66,465 30,695 35,775 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 5 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,435 30,680 35,750 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 560 505 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 0 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 60 30 25 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 60 30 25 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 990 525 465 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 100 45 55 1,370 670 700
Arabic 810 435 375 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 30 15 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 35 15 20 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,215 530 680 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,185 515 670 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 4,950 2,005 2,945 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 20 10 10 375 165 215
Cebuano 200 75 125 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 15 5 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 105 40 70 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 240 100 145 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 330 135 185 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 25 30 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 10 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,915 1,580 2,340 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 25 5 15 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 25 20 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 520 265 255 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 45 20 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 105 50 55 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 220 110 110 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 150 85 70 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 17,255 8,510 8,745 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 120 60 60 1,465 765 705
Armenian 65 35 30 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 4,345 2,130 2,215 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,330 2,120 2,210 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 140 75 65 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 105 50 55 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 475 240 240 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 135 70 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 25 15 10 325 160 165
Polish 455 220 230 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,480 700 780 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 985 520 470 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 155 75 80 1,395 670 725
Slovak 95 40 50 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 235 90 140 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,035 505 530 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 20 10 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 55 25 30 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 130 65 65 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 780 370 405 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 25 15 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 165 80 85 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 7,320 3,665 3,660 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 5,260 2,570 2,690 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 240 130 110 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 895 415 475 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,040 505 535 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 85 40 45 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,375 1,175 1,205 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 265 115 150 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 1,675 845 830
Urdu 255 145 115 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 2,045 1,085 960 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 220 115 105 1,765 945 825
Pashto 65 30 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,760 935 825 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 4,205 2,040 2,165 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 810 410 400 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 995 485 510 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 450 215 230 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,940 930 1,010 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 1,275 420 855 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 15 10 5 85 50 40
Korean 3,500 1,600 1,895 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 360 150 205
Mongolian 35 15 15 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 125 70 55 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 5 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 10 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 35 20 15 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 35 15 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 20 10 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,605 16,280 19,325 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 35,560 16,255 19,300 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 13,375 6,110 7,265 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 200 75 120 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 19,670 9,020 10,645 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 25 10 15 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,015 450 565 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 510 235 275 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 750 345 405 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 35 15 20 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 130 40 85 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 25 10 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 110 30 75 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 265 145 115 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 35 20 15 530 290 235
Turkish 155 90 60 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 60 30 25 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 385 175 215 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 10 10 705 295 410
Finnish 105 45 60 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 265 115 145 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 4,265 2,040 2,220 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 170 90 80 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 3,935 1,885 2,050 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 85 40 45 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 70 30 40 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 111,085 53,880 57,210 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 99,715 48,520 51,195 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 56,975 28,670 28,300 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 56,690 28,525 28,165 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 285 150 140 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 42,740 19,845 22,895 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 5 0 5 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 42,730 19,845 22,890 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 615 310 310 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 10 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 10 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 10 10 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 590 295 295 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 70 30 35 600 275 320
Arabic 470 245 230 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 25 15 15 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 645 280 365 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 630 275 355 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,145 910 1,235 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 85 40 50 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 90 35 55 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 135 60 75 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,785 750 1,035 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 315 155 155 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 25 10 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 65 35 25 1,225 615 605
Tamil 115 60 60 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 105 55 50 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 8,735 4,240 4,495 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 50 25 30 695 335 360
Armenian 40 20 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,545 1,260 1,290 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,545 1,260 1,285 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 85 40 40 595 300 300
Bulgarian 60 25 30 1,035 485 550
Croatian 240 115 125 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 45 20 25 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 15 10 5 150 75 75
Polish 190 85 100 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,020 495 525 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 685 355 330 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 75 40 40 500 235 265
Slovak 40 20 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 95 45 50 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 100 40 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 0 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 10 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 75 25 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 55 25 30 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 3,950 1,920 2,030 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 2,565 1,220 1,340 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 155 80 75 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 450 200 255 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 385 195 195 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 25 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,265 600 660 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 130 55 75 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 105 55 55 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,380 700 685 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 150 75 80 1,080 540 535
Pashto 50 25 30 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 600 580 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,990 945 1,045 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 235 105 130 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 495 245 250 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 240 115 125 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,020 480 540 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 625 260 370 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 10 5 0 30 15 15
Korean 2,670 1,240 1,425 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 170 80 90
Mongolian 20 15 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 50 25 25 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 15 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 26,505 12,200 14,300 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 26,485 12,195 14,295 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 9,145 4,140 5,010 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 85 30 50 700 295 410
Mandarin 15,940 7,410 8,530 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 505 235 270 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 325 150 175 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 465 220 245 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 20 5 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 40 15 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 165 90 75 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 15 10 195 105 95
Turkish 100 55 45 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 40 20 25 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 145 65 80 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 40 15 30 725 325 400
Hungarian 100 45 55 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,375 5,360 6,010 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 110 55 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 11,095 5,235 5,860 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 155 65 90 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 111,085 53,880 57,205 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 78,915 38,770 40,150 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 15,290 7,350 7,940 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 585 255 330 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 15,735 7,240 8,490 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 25 10 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 15,705 7,235 8,475 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 65 30 35 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 400 185 215 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 85 50 40 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 96,875 46,595 50,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,975 44,825 48,150 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,183 33,216 24,473 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,145 44,990 48,160 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,021 29,545 23,359 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,255 40,165 42,085 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,896 34,761 24,062 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,915 29,165 37,750 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,441 654 2,303 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,810 33,725 33,090 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,009 37,005 27,565 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 96,790 46,580 50,210 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,965 44,830 48,130 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,283 45,617 33,384 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,160 45,025 48,140 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,149 37,556 29,027 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,245 40,180 42,070 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,000 47,288 33,039 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,820 28,990 37,825 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,417 5,003 5,735 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,755 33,800 32,955 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,295 47,898 34,522 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 96,795 46,580 50,210 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,870 15,535 12,330 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,640 57,815 48,743 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,965 68,079 54,263 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.9 92.6 86.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.0 71.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.1 7.4 13.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 96,875 46,595 50,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,900 1,770 2,130 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 92,975 44,825 48,145 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.2 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,345 8,440 10,900 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,155 7,335 9,825 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,815 5,140 6,685 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,770 4,515 5,255 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,695 4,130 4,570 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,775 3,445 3,330 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,100 2,815 2,285 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,760 2,125 1,630 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,885 1,705 1,180 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,050 1,255 800 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,615 3,935 1,680 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,035 2,750 1,290 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,575 1,185 395 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 96,875 46,595 50,280 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,725 1,610 2,120 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 93,145 44,990 48,155 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.6 95.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,905 8,840 11,065 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 17,885 7,720 10,165 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 13,955 6,210 7,745 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,415 5,360 6,055 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,685 4,755 4,930 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,710 3,625 3,085 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,600 2,605 1,990 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,170 1,900 1,270 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,820 3,970 1,855 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,030 1,285 745 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,170 795 375 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,625 1,885 735 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 96,870 46,595 50,280 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 30,060 12,875 17,190 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 66,815 33,725 33,090 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.0 72.4 65.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,345 4,095 5,250 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,210 2,270 2,940 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,485 4,390 5,095 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,840 3,665 4,170 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,250 3,450 3,795 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,785 3,260 3,525 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,300 2,760 2,545 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,020 2,285 1,730 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,005 1,730 1,275 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,580 5,820 2,760 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,405 1,460 950 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,760 1,135 630 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,405 3,230 1,180 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,254  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,558  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,544  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,266  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,592  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,874  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,519  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,638  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,507  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,454  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,787  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,488  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,440 10,065 10,370 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,867 29,260 26,857 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,912 26,723 25,205 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,325 10,000 10,325 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,638 37,858 35,457 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,997 31,869 30,152 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 110,960 53,840 57,125 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,530 29,270 32,255 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 18,700 9,025 9,675 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 12,455 5,765 6,690 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 10,470 4,970 5,500 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,915 4,770 5,150 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,985 4,740 5,240 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 49,435 24,570 24,865 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,500 4,655 4,845 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,710 4,820 4,890 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,230 4,995 5,240 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,380 5,185 5,195 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 9,600 4,915 4,690 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 110,965 53,840 57,125 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 17,080 8,790 8,290 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,230 3,185 3,040 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 76,950 37,275 39,680 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,925 7,770 9,155 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,455 11,600 12,855 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,085 2,120 1,965 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,445 760 685 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 16,620 7,855 8,770 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,745 1,620 2,120 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.0 21.5 22.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 23.9 24.1 23.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 23.2 23.9 22.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 21.6 21.1 22.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 22.1 20.8 23.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,905 10,025 10,885 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 3,350 1,720 1,635 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,165 610 555 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 15,260 7,350 7,910 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,300 960 1,340 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 18.8 18.6 19.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.6 19.6 19.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 19.2 18.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 19.8 19.7 19.9 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 13.6 12.4 14.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,000 53,905 57,095 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 102,310 50,320 51,985 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 102,240 50,290 51,950 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,645 2,700 2,945 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 76,705 35,795 40,915 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 60 10 45 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 10 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 10 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 10 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 25 0 25 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 15 0 10 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 10 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 76,650 35,790 40,860 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,465 745 730 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 65 30 30 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 10 245 140 110
Somali 55 30 30 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,405 710 690 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 135 55 80 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,105 565 540 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 55 40 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 105 60 45 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,510 730 780 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 15 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,485 720 765 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 6,385 2,700 3,680 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 35 15 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 305 140 160 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 15 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 110 55 60 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 390 135 255 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 545 230 305 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 25 30 855 365 495
Pangasinan 20 10 15 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,650 2,380 3,270 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 35 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 85 55 30 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 50 40 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 815 395 415 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 45 30 15 510 250 265
Malayalam 170 90 85 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 385 185 200 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 255 115 145 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 21,965 10,770 11,200 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 225 115 105 1,640 840 795
Armenian 110 60 45 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,995 2,565 2,430 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 20 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 4,980 2,550 2,435 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 25 10 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 210 120 95 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 70 30 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 705 365 345 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 170 90 75 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 35 20 15 400 220 185
Polish 590 280 310 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,995 990 1,005 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,170 640 530 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 170 100 70 1,525 770 750
Slovak 140 85 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 20 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 430 205 230 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 35 25 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,570 735 830 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 85 45 35 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 50 20 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 135 75 60 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,240 570 665 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 35 15 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 70 40 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 10 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 265 130 135 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 9,460 4,590 4,875 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 7,090 3,380 3,710 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 210 105 105 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,510 660 855 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,900 1,365 1,535 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 20 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 170 90 85 1,475 780 695
Nepali 25 10 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,985 1,445 1,540 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 580 250 335 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 85 60 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 450 260 195 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 2,425 1,230 1,195 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 225 100 125 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 85 55 35 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,215 1,140 1,080 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,935 2,895 3,040 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 0 10 395 210 180
Italian 1,265 665 605 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,235 585 655 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 460 245 220 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,320 1,615 1,700 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 2,215 955 1,265 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 3,780 1,695 2,090 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 45 25 15 370 170 200
Mongolian 40 25 20 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 310 155 160 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 10 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 290 125 165
Shona 15 10 10 415 220 195
Swahili 205 100 110 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 30 15 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 200 100 100 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 110 45 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 39,355 18,140 21,215 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 39,315 18,125 21,195 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 16,725 7,595 9,130 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 200 95 105 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 26,125 11,970 14,155 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,680 700 975 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 255 325 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 810 320 490 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 20 10 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 10 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 175 65 110 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 165 55 105 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 415 240 175 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 55 40 25 945 510 435
Turkish 285 160 125 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 40 25 15 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 475 190 285 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 10 20 780 350 425
Finnish 115 40 70 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 330 140 195 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,000 53,905 57,095 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,625 43,530 45,095 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,105 7,925 7,180 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,520 35,605 37,915 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,375 10,375 12,005 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,000 53,905 57,095 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 44,550 23,310 21,240 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 59,590 27,175 32,415 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 10,060 4,725 5,335 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 6,300 2,970 3,330 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 16,870 7,625 9,240 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 17,200 7,730 9,470 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 8,000 3,715 4,290 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 9,200 4,020 5,185 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,170 4,125 5,045 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,850 3,425 3,435 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 59,595 27,175 32,420 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,920 2,040 1,885 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,470 4,885 4,595 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 11,105 5,205 5,910 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 27,120 11,380 15,740 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,965 3,670 4,295 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 59,590 27,170 32,420 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,695 1,220 1,475 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 130 65 65 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 130 50 80 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 205 85 120 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 40 25 20 1,305 600 710
Haiti 15 10 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 85 50 40 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 435 195 235 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 200 90 110 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 30 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 730 335 395 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 670 295 375 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,425 3,650 3,775 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 250 295 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 330 170 160 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 130 70 60 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 390 185 205 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 155 75 75 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 195 70 120 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 45 55 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 595 345 250 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 95 45 55 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 460 210 250 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 385 180 200 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 420 195 225 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 725 340 390 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 445 245 200 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 350 150 200 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,035 545 500 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,065 530 535 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,275 1,035 1,235 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 125 65 65 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 105 55 55 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 505 195 310 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 40 35 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 30 20 15 1,740 925 815
Somalia 40 15 25 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 150 80 70 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,260 575 685 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 46,420 20,890 25,530 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 370 185 180 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 80 45 35 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 16,540 7,350 9,190 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 5,265 2,360 2,905 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,100