Census Profile, 2016 Census
Courtenay--Alberni [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Courtenay--Alberni
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Courtenay--Alberni [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Courtenay--Alberni [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 114,647 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,324 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 57,577 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 52,346 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,912.75 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 114,650 55,680 58,960 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,420 7,430 6,990 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,510 2,310 2,200 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,025 2,585 2,445 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,885 2,535 2,345 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 66,310 31,940 34,370 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,200 2,665 2,535 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 4,745 2,515 2,230 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 4,695 2,315 2,375 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,420 2,650 2,765 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,550 2,660 2,890 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,620 2,740 2,875 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,295 3,010 3,295 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,115 3,755 4,360 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,800 4,625 5,180 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 10,860 5,005 5,855 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 33,915 16,315 17,605 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 11,285 5,530 5,755 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 8,595 4,230 4,370 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 5,940 2,955 2,985 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 4,230 2,055 2,175 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,865 1,545 2,315 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,440 1,100 1,340 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,105 365 735 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 290 80 220 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 10 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.6 13.3 11.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 57.8 57.4 58.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 29.6 29.3 29.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.4 2.8 3.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 48.6 47.8 49.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 53.4 52.6 54.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 52,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 37,140 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 230 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,500 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,315 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,565 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,415 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,100 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,480 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 52,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 15,955 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 23,475 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,125 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,455 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,335 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,050 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,225 48,250 51,975 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 61,395 30,650 30,750 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 49,810 24,890 24,920 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 11,585 5,760 5,825 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 38,830 17,605 21,230 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 20,360 11,285 9,075 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,980 1,320 1,660 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 8,245 3,395 4,850 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,245 1,605 5,640 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,975 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 23,715 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,665 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,025 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,560 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.5 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,970 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 30,025 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,235 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,795 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,940 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,800 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,140 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,025 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 20,505 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 9,525 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,385 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,685 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,455 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,940 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,215 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,285 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,150 10,665 12,485 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 52,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 33,680 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,930 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,750 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 635 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,030 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 15,955 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,070 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 113,150 55,135 58,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 105,280 51,585 53,695 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 25 15 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,580 3,430 4,150 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 265 110 155 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 113,150 55,140 58,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 110,985 54,100 56,885 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,845 895 950 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 80 40 40 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 245 100 145 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,885 915 965 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 113,150 55,140 58,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 112,185 54,675 57,510 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 104,015 50,935 53,080 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 101,960 49,935 52,020 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,060 1,000 1,060 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 8,170 3,740 4,435 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 255 120 135 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 5 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 5 20 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 20 5 15 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 10 0 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 5 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 5 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 170 90 80 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 5 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 160 85 75 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 10 15 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,915 3,615 4,295 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 45 30 20 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 45 25 20 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 25 20 5 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 0 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 215 110 105 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 215 110 105 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 465 130 330 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 50 15 35 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 15 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 355 100 255 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 20 10 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 5 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,745 2,730 3,020 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 985 435 545 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 30 15 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 955 420 535 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 125 60 70 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 95 40 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 180 80 100 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 130 50 80 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 30 10 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 50 25 30 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 20 35 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 255 115 135 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 15 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 3,365 1,590 1,775 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 90 45 45 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 240 125 120 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 920 440 485 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 10 5 295 145 145
German 1,870 870 1,005 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 100 45 55 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 100 45 55 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 35 25 15 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 555 310 250 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 525 285 235 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 30 15 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 70 40 30 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 395 210 185 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 15 10 0 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 35 20 15 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 30 15 15 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 765 350 415 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 335 175 155 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 90 40 50 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 15 5 5 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 325 125 200 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 150 60 95 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 225 100 120 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 555 230 325 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 555 230 320 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 275 115 160 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 190 75 115 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 40 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 5 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 45 15 40 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 10 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 330 150 180 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 10 10 705 295 410
Finnish 130 55 80 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 185 90 90 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 965 460 500 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 275 125 150 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 660 325 340 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 25 10 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 113,150 55,135 58,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 111,780 54,530 57,250 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 109,855 53,635 56,220 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 109,440 53,430 56,005 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 420 200 215 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,920 895 1,030 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 20 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 20 15 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 5 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 20 15 5 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,885 870 1,020 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 5 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 5 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 15 10 10 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 0 600 275 320
Arabic 5 5 0 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 80 85 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 160 80 85 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 150 55 100 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 45 85 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 940 440 500 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 175 75 100 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 170 75 95 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 30 15 15 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 5 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 30 15 15 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 50 20 30 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 10 0 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 325 160 165 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 40 20 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 55 25 25 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 185 90 95 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 285 145 140 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 265 135 135 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 25 10 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 115 110 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 5 5 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 15 5 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 145 60 90 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 50 20 30 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 15 10 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 0 0 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 80 30 50 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 40 20 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 165 85 85 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 10 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 285 130 160 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 285 125 160 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 140 60 80 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 110 50 65 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 10 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 45 20 30 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 0 95 40 55
Finnish 20 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 10 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,375 610 765 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 140 60 80 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,215 535 680 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 113,155 55,135 58,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 108,070 52,835 55,235 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,050 505 545 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,065 465 600 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,890 1,295 1,595 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 210 95 115 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,675 1,200 1,475 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 20 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 50 20 30 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,670 47,135 50,540 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,990 45,895 49,095 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,869 38,518 25,429 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,100 45,955 49,140 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,065 34,155 23,818 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,200 41,900 43,305 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,994 33,177 20,414 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,325 34,015 40,305 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,923 11,121 8,983 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,700 32,285 30,415 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,802 26,898 19,770 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,585 47,035 50,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,950 45,875 49,075 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,732 48,957 33,042 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,055 45,930 49,120 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,725 40,849 28,999 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,115 41,870 43,245 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,065 45,456 28,939 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,690 34,195 40,495 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,539 10,017 9,136 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,635 32,155 30,480 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,259 38,800 27,413 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,580 47,030 50,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,425 11,255 9,175 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,238 53,843 40,422 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,586 59,802 45,958 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 81.4 84.7 76.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 54.5 57.0 51.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 18.6 15.3 23.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,675 47,130 50,540 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,685 1,235 1,445 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 94,985 45,895 49,095 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.4 97.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,130 4,815 7,320 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,555 6,865 11,685 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 15,585 6,305 9,285 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,800 5,780 7,015 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,035 5,165 4,870 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,130 4,085 3,050 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,385 3,460 1,915 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,810 2,475 1,335 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,730 1,830 900 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,880 1,295 585 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,950 3,825 1,130 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,550 2,750 805 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,400 1,070 325 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,670 47,130 50,540 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,570 1,175 1,395 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 95,100 45,960 49,140 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.4 97.5 97.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,990 5,155 7,835 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,515 7,410 12,100 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 18,230 7,565 10,670 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 14,240 6,780 7,455 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,295 5,610 4,685 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,915 4,340 2,575 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,650 3,065 1,595 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 2,080 955 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,230 3,960 1,270 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,830 1,340 490 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,075 830 250 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,320 1,785 530 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,675 47,135 50,540 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 34,970 14,850 20,125 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 62,700 32,285 30,415 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 64.2 68.5 60.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,035 7,815 7,220 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,365 2,310 3,055 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,805 3,775 5,035 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,435 3,170 4,260 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,170 2,675 3,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,955 2,405 2,550 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,665 2,060 1,610 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,870 1,895 975 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,350 1,575 775 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,045 4,605 1,445 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,750 1,175 575 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,160 840 320 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,135 2,585 550 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 52,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,265 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,881 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,955 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,852 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,189 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,390 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,414 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,080 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 52,255 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,007 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,163 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,885 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,815 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,378 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 36,375 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,939 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,734 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 52,345 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 815 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 760 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,825 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,540 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,750 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,450 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,835 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,865 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,560 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,480 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,305 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,785 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,295 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,720 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,750 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,765 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,880 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,545 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,560 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 52,345 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 870 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 780 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,860 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,620 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,135 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,005 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,305 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,195 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,960 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,880 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,305 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,735 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,010 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,215 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,015 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,050 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,895 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,080 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 34,710 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,380 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,986 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,625 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,330 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,072 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,635 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,804 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,150 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,635 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,434 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,939 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 34,755 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,893 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,539 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,705 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,337 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,533 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,590 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,723 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,264 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,670 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,223 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,903 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,180 9,845 11,335 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,122 29,358 27,365 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,961 26,662 25,557 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,030 9,685 11,345 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,994 37,966 36,164 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,117 32,578 31,724 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 112,055 54,545 57,510 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 64,140 30,345 33,800 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 14,100 6,800 7,300 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,575 6,095 7,480 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,440 5,805 6,635 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,135 5,760 6,375 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,895 5,885 6,010 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 47,910 24,200 23,710 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,525 5,670 5,850 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,765 5,410 5,360 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,940 5,015 4,930 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,955 4,600 4,350 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,725 3,505 3,220 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,995 53,460 56,535 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 16,910 8,650 8,260 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,235 2,685 2,550 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 61,120 29,220 31,900 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 31,960 15,590 16,370 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,965 8,740 10,225 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,260 2,205 2,050 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,410 720 685 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 10,815 4,940 5,880 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,885 1,590 2,295 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.3 18.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 25.2 25.5 24.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.9 26.8 26.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.7 16.9 18.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.2 10.2 14.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,685 4,325 4,355 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,805 925 885 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 595 310 285 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,305 3,130 3,180 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 575 270 300 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 8.1 7.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 10.7 10.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.7 1.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,965 54,525 57,445 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 111,665 54,400 57,270 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 111,645 54,385 57,260 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,620 3,470 4,150 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 11,665 5,485 6,185 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 490 225 265 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 10 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 10 10 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 10 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 25 10 15 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 10 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 395 180 215 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 25 10 20 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 375 175 195 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,195 5,265 5,930 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 60 45 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 100 55 45 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 55 30 25 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 50 25 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 150 155 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 305 155 155 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 580 170 410 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 55 15 40 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 35 10 25 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 40 20 20 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 510 145 365 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 40 25 20 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 45 20 30 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 35 10 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 15 0 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 10 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 8,385 4,060 4,330 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 10 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,145 500 645 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,130 495 640 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 210 95 110 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 70 45 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 215 95 120 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 215 90 125 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 30 10 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 60 25 30 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 40 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 255 115 145 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 85 40 40 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15 660 395 265
Welsh 45 20 25 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 4,075 2,000 2,075 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 210 115 95 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 295 125 175 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,040 490 555 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 20 10 15 465 230 240
German 2,420 1,220 1,200 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 95 35 60 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 130 70 60 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 70 55 20 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 790 410 370 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 745 400 345 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 20 0 15 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 175 95 85 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 330 290 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 20 10 0 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 45 20 30 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 45 15 25 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,505 1,195 1,310 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 630 330 305 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 155 75 85 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 25 15 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,800 820 980 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 275 140 130 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 205 95 105 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 85 40 45 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 10 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 10 415 220 195
Swahili 0 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 175 85 90 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 40 40 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 760 335 430 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 755 325 430 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 385 135 255 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 40 25 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 305 135 175 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 55 50 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 40 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 45 10 40 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 45 25 20 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 40 25 15 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 410 185 225 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 25 15 10 780 350 425
Finnish 145 60 85 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 250 115 135 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,965 54,525 57,445 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 108,520 52,965 55,560 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,140 8,890 8,250 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,380 44,075 47,310 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,445 1,560 1,885 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,965 54,525 57,440 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 95,855 46,970 48,890 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,455 7,260 8,190 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 10,490 5,125 5,360 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,410 540 865 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,125 435 685 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,605 730 885 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 715 305 410 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 895 420 475 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 830 435 395 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 660 295 360 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,450 7,260 8,190 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,825 965 860 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,695 1,340 1,355 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 4,030 1,805 2,225 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 5,940 2,720 3,220 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 965 430 535 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,455 7,260 8,190 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,125 905 1,220 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 10 20 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 15 10 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 15 0 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 15 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 40 20 25 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 85 15 70 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 15 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 40 10 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,735 750 990 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 115 60 60 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 10,430 5,110 5,320 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 0 20 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 140 75 65 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 135 75 60 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,335 675 655 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 45 25 15 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 135 65 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 170 90 85 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 245 145 100 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 940 445 495 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 180 60 120 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 65 55 10 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 25 20 10 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 70 20 55 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 45 25 25 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,670 2,750 2,915 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,190 580 610 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 540 270 270 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 10 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 20 0 15 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 345 190 160 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 120 55 65 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,985 795 1,185 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 290 120 170 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 25 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 395 185 205 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 50 20 30 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 75 30 50 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 60 65 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 0 0 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 15 0 10 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 450 130 320 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 20 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 55 25 30 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 275 115 155 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 180 65 115 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 370 180 195 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 830 435 390 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 190 110 75 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 15 10 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 145 90 60 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 225 140 90 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 40 15 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 10 10 0 690