Census Profile, 2016 Census
Delta [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Delta
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Delta [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Delta [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 103,064 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 100,588 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,962 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,085 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 550.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 187.31 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 103,065 50,550 52,515 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 16,470 8,430 8,040 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,525 2,345 2,180 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,640 2,855 2,785 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,305 3,230 3,070 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 67,215 33,060 34,155 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,990 3,555 3,435 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,595 3,475 3,120 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 4,800 2,440 2,360 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,120 2,470 2,645 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,590 2,650 2,940 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,685 3,135 3,550 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,620 3,650 3,975 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,410 4,110 4,300 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,285 4,130 4,160 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,115 3,445 3,675 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 19,380 9,060 10,320 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,615 3,210 3,405 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,865 2,380 2,485 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,360 1,570 1,795 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,215 995 1,220 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,320 905 1,420 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,420 600 820 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 675 240 435 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 195 55 140 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 5 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.7 15.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.2 65.4 65.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.8 17.9 19.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.4 41.6 43.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.5 43.7 45.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 36,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,165 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 430 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,315 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 990 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,895 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,555 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,855 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 175 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 36,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 7,035 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,720 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,065 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,655 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,615 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 101,600 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 86,600 42,115 44,480 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 53,790 26,855 26,940 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 48,400 24,175 24,225 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,395 2,675 2,715 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 32,805 15,265 17,545 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 21,635 11,710 9,930 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,890 805 1,085 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,535 1,705 2,835 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,740 1,045 3,695 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,140 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,790 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,560 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,330 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,465 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,140 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 26,215 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 23,520 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,695 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,925 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,040 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 890 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,215 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,485 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 14,730 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,320 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 7,005 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,410 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,925 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,305 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,245 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 375 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,135 5,465 6,665 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 36,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,405 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,895 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,515 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,795 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,885 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 7,030 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 855 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 102,240 50,280 51,960 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 91,380 45,730 45,650 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 25 20 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,240 3,090 4,155 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 3,595 1,450 2,150 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 102,240 50,280 51,960 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 97,460 48,285 49,170 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 850 385 465 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 375 170 210 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 3,550 1,435 2,120 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,040 475 570 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 102,235 50,275 51,960 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 99,350 48,855 50,490 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 68,640 34,155 34,480 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 67,790 33,785 34,005 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 855 375 475 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 30,705 14,700 16,010 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 25 15 15 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 15 10 10 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 5 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,685 14,685 15,995 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 310 175 140 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 15 5 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 15 5 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 290 160 130 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 15 10 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 220 125 100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 30 25 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 85 115 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 170 70 100 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,870 775 1,095 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 90 35 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 25 15 15 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 35 10 25 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 70 30 40 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 55 20 35 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,560 645 915 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 10 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 415 205 210 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 265 130 135 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 90 45 45 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 45 25 20 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 20,665 10,180 10,485 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 50 25 30 1,465 765 705
Armenian 20 10 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,410 650 755 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 5 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,385 645 740 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 140 70 70 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 135 65 65 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 315 145 175 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 365 175 185 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 105 50 50 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 85 40 45 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 140 55 85 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,260 1,095 1,165 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 60 35 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 125 60 60 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 490 235 250 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 1,450 700 750 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 20 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 75 35 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 285 155 135 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 14,720 7,280 7,435 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 14,495 7,155 7,335 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 100 55 50 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 250 130 125 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,620 765 855 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 15 10 5 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,800 5,830 5,970 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 55 25 30 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 25 1,675 845 830
Urdu 575 305 275 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 205 110 90 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 30 20 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 155 80 65 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,905 960 945 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 420 230 195 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 335 160 170 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 140 55 85 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,005 510 495 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 370 140 235 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 315 125 190 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 35 25 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 10 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,050 2,775 3,275 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,005 2,755 3,250 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,990 920 1,070 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 70 30 35 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,515 1,590 1,920 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 10 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 120 135 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 30 35 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 45 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 30 15 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 0 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 55 15 45 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 40 10 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 55 30 25 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 55 30 25 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 265 130 140 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 5 15 705 295 410
Finnish 85 35 45 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 170 90 80 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,890 1,425 1,470 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 195 105 95 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,590 1,275 1,320 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 60 30 35 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 102,240 50,275 51,960 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 95,720 47,110 48,615 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 78,580 38,825 39,760 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 78,380 38,735 39,645 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 205 85 120 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 17,135 8,285 8,850 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,135 8,285 8,845 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 155 75 80 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 145 70 75 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 5 600 275 320
Arabic 130 60 65 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 45 45 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 75 35 40 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 735 340 390 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 20 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 35 15 15 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 5 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 295 345 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 265 125 140 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 175 80 95 1,225 615 605
Tamil 45 20 25 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 40 25 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 11,220 5,520 5,700 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 20 5 15 695 335 360
Armenian 5 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 515 245 275 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 515 245 275 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 10 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 20 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 35 20 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 110 50 55 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 205 105 105 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 70 30 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 30 10 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 15 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 245 120 125 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 30 15 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 160 80 80 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 15 10 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 100 50 50 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 9,615 4,700 4,915 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 9,500 4,645 4,855 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 60 30 30 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 85 40 45 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 770 365 405 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,165 4,000 4,165 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 25 15 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 20 15 675 330 340
Urdu 350 175 180 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 110 55 55 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 25 10 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 715 390 320 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 75 40 45 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 65 35 35 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 65 30 35 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 505 290 210 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 125 45 75 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 210 90 125 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 10 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,185 1,970 2,215 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,160 1,955 2,205 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,260 595 665 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 25 10 15 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,640 1,235 1,405 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 5 5 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 60 65 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 30 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 20 10 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 30 15 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 30 15 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 40 20 25 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 30 15 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 10 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 6,520 3,170 3,345 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 125 55 65 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 6,285 3,065 3,220 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 102,240 50,280 51,960 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 86,095 42,585 43,510 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 6,700 3,350 3,350 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 915 385 530 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 8,315 3,850 4,465 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 20 10 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 8,295 3,840 4,460 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 25 15 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 120 65 55 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 75 35 35 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 85,140 41,570 43,560 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,305 39,710 41,595 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,635 45,695 29,885 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,420 39,810 41,615 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,536 39,580 27,377 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,630 37,125 37,510 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,845 44,312 27,219 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,310 23,120 32,190 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,688 4,385 4,771 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,195 31,835 30,365 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,859 43,518 28,003 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 85,155 41,540 43,615 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,425 39,705 41,715 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,602 60,868 38,880 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,540 39,795 41,745 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,701 48,574 33,197 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,690 37,140 37,555 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,617 60,325 37,038 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,320 22,965 32,355 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,363 7,669 7,145 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,195 31,820 30,375 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,051 56,969 36,662 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 85,160 41,540 43,615 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,385 15,290 11,095 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,535 64,689 50,682 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,829 80,252 57,845 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.9 92.7 85.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.7 67.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.1 7.3 14.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 85,135 41,570 43,565 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,835 1,860 1,975 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 81,305 39,715 41,590 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.5 95.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,045 5,000 7,045 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,915 4,940 7,970 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,795 3,965 5,830 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,860 3,860 5,005 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,930 3,615 4,310 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,745 3,440 3,305 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,430 3,135 2,295 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,115 2,440 1,675 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,370 2,065 1,305 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,300 1,435 865 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 7,800 5,815 1,985 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,200 3,755 1,450 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,605 2,065 535 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 85,140 41,575 43,565 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,715 1,760 1,955 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 81,420 39,810 41,610 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.8 95.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,675 5,305 7,375 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,525 5,275 8,250 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,705 4,875 6,825 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,455 4,640 5,810 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,195 4,550 4,650 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,105 4,005 3,095 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,085 3,060 2,030 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,605 2,195 1,410 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 8,075 5,910 2,170 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,465 1,655 810 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,605 1,160 445 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 4,010 3,095 915 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 85,140 41,575 43,565 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 22,940 9,740 13,200 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 62,195 31,835 30,365 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.1 76.6 69.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,945 4,610 5,335 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,565 1,915 2,655 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,505 3,220 4,290 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,270 2,715 3,555 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,940 2,595 3,340 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,490 2,505 2,985 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,835 2,520 2,310 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,050 2,355 1,690 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,160 1,925 1,240 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,435 7,475 2,960 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,625 1,645 975 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,830 1,165 665 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,985 4,665 1,320 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 36,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,201 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,744 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,030 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,237 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,500 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,050 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,201 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,124 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 36,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 111,923 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,970 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,000 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,778 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,712 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,085 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,646 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,071 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 36,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 445 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 285 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 550 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 845 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 985 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 900 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,115 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,060 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,120 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,160 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,385 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,325 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,255 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,130 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,085 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,440 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,670 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,670 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,450 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,645 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 36,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 500 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 555 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 875 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,145 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,160 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,310 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,310 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,350 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,420 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,830 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,710 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,655 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,535 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,390 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,040 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,960 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,340 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,745 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,565 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,522 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,583 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,670 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,231 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,056 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,685 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,980 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,441 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,440 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,779 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,562 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,475 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,444 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,822 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,625 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,192 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,552 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,610 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,234 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,289 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,535 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,078 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,882 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,510 4,520 4,985 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,066 40,158 33,499 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,119 35,223 30,299 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,670 4,570 5,100 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,336 48,437 42,559 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,487 39,955 35,277 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 101,600 49,995 51,605 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 39,495 18,750 20,750 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,130 3,400 3,730 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 6,625 3,015 3,605 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,475 3,550 3,925 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,740 4,145 4,595 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,525 4,640 4,885 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 62,110 31,250 30,855 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,910 5,400 5,510 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,465 5,695 5,770 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,445 6,230 6,215 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 13,795 6,980 6,815 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 13,495 6,945 6,545 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 100,840 49,630 51,210 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 20,480 10,455 10,030 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,535 2,835 2,700 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 62,310 30,555 31,760 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 18,045 8,620 9,425 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,750 4,540 5,205 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,595 1,295 1,295 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 695 335 360 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 5,570 2,620 2,955 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,585 630 950 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.1 10.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.7 12.4 12.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 11.8 13.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.6 9.3 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.3 10.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,930 3,350 3,575 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,925 960 965 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 485 235 245 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,360 2,130 2,230 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 640 260 380 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.7 7.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.3 9.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.0 7.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.5 3.0 4.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 101,600 50,075 51,525 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 97,955 48,525 49,430 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 97,945 48,520 49,430 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,165 3,075 4,095 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 36,875 17,610 19,265 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 55 15 40 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 0 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 25 10 15 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 15 0 15 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 10 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 10 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 10 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,820 17,600 19,225 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 230 215 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 25 15 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 25 10 10 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 425 220 205 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 35 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 285 145 145 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 70 40 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 290 130 160 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 30 25 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 235 100 135 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,300 975 1,320 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 20 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 15 25 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 75 50 20 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 35 15 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 150 75 70 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 15 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,000 815 1,185 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 45 10 30 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 490 245 250 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 40 15 25 510 250 265
Malayalam 315 160 155 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 85 50 40 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 60 35 30 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 25,665 12,475 13,185 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 50 30 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 20 10 15 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,460 680 780 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 25 0 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,445 680 765 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 175 90 85 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 145 70 75 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 380 180 200 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 430 200 225 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 90 45 45 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 55 15 40 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 20 40 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 155 70 90 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 10 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,685 1,275 1,405 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 110 55 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 155 60 90 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 455 190 270 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,850 915 935 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 50 35 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 135 55 80 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 440 220 215 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 18,185 9,035 9,150 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 17,980 8,910 9,065 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 145 65 80 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 310 160 150 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 4,625 2,225 2,400 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 65 30 35 415 215 200
Marathi 55 35 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,695 7,295 7,395 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 70 40 35 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 50 30 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 835 440 395 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 255 155 100 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 25 15 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 30 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 190 115 80 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,160 1,400 1,760 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 620 300 320 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 400 170 225 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 185 75 110 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,055 900 1,150 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 610 300 315 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 400 155 240 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 95 55 35 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 25 15 15 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 35 30 10 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 165 75 95 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 95 45 50 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,475 3,040 3,435 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 6,460 3,030 3,425 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,345 1,085 1,255 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 65 30 35 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,615 2,150 2,465 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 410 205 205 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 40 50 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 0 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 45 25 20 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 10 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 30 10 20 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 105 60 45 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 105 65 40 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 385 175 205 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 25 10 15 780 350 425
Finnish 120 50 65 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 245 115 125 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 101,600 50,075 51,530 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,530 46,085 47,445 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,435 10,045 9,385 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,095 36,030 38,065 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,070 3,990 4,085 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 101,600 50,070 51,525 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 69,015 34,400 34,615 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 31,345 15,095 16,245 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 9,350 4,505 4,850 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 3,850 1,820 2,030 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 7,425 3,575 3,845 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 7,365 3,540 3,830 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,700 1,740 1,960 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 3,670 1,800 1,870 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,350 1,660 1,690 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,240 575 665 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 31,345 15,095 16,250 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,775 1,390 1,385 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,130 2,630 2,500 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 7,550 3,400 4,150 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 12,140 5,930 6,215 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,750 1,750 2,005 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,345 15,095 16,250 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,155 955 1,195 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 45 15 25 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 95 50 50 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 125 45 80 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 70 30 45 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 0 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 50 25 30 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 155 75 80 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 70 25 45 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 95 30 70 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,005 465 535 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 420 190 230 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,700 3,820 3,880 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 25 25 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 105 45 55 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 105 55 50 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 750 340 410 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 170 105 65 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 135 85 50 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 80 85 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 200 105 95 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 400 185 220 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 320 155 165 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 235 125 115 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 170 70 100 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 115 55 60 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 20 20 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 150 70 75 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,730 1,860 1,875 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 860 450 410 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 925 490 430 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 20 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 40 25 20 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 80 60 20 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 20 10 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 15 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 340 190 155 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 380 170 210 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 19,175 9,140 10,035 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 40 25 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 95 40 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,675 1,255 1,420 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 845 405 435 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 9,750 4,780 4,970 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 115 60 50 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 95 50 45 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 225 80 145 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 260 100 165 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 25 20 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 495 280 215 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,050 865 1,180 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 90 55 35 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 65 25 45 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,240 580 665 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 245 100 150 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 880 425 455 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,395 685 710 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,355 1,660 1,695 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 155 75 80 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 45 30 20 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 30 35 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 40 15 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 210 110 95 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 10 970 510 460
Germany 15 0 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Fed