Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver East [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver East
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver East [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver East [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,724 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,097 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.1 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 58,338 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 54,243 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,374.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 21.53 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,725 58,375 57,345 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 12,310 6,345 5,970 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,690 2,445 2,250 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,050 2,040 2,005 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 3,580 1,860 1,715 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 87,180 44,365 42,815 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 3,925 2,015 1,915 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,670 3,170 3,500 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 12,365 6,005 6,365 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 13,070 6,450 6,620 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 10,330 5,230 5,105 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 8,890 4,500 4,395 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,865 4,745 4,115 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,575 4,550 4,020 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,000 4,220 3,775 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,500 3,480 3,015 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 16,230 7,670 8,560 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,380 2,790 2,580 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,135 1,560 1,570 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,785 1,285 1,495 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,460 1,130 1,335 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,475 900 1,575 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,590 645 940 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 655 210 445 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 190 45 150 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 5 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.6 10.9 10.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 75.3 76.0 74.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.0 13.1 14.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.5 41.3 41.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.5 40.0 39.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 54,240 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,185 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,880 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 38,175 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,285 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,390 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,075 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,320 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 54,240 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 24,045 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,490 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,445 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,585 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,675 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,960 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 103,410 52,035 51,375 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 45,920 22,895 23,030 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 32,565 16,255 16,310 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 13,360 6,640 6,715 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 57,490 29,140 28,350 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 41,700 23,025 18,670 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,075 1,380 1,695 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 7,985 3,820 4,165 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,730 915 3,820 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,835 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,575 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,815 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,305 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,135 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,835 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 22,105 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 15,430 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,680 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,730 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,795 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 940 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,105 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 12,390 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 9,715 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,650 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,010 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,050 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,730 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,185 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,170 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 380 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 38,180 19,965 18,215 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 54,240 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,570 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,455 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,115 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,100 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,575 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 24,045 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,530 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 112,295 56,610 55,690 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 91,260 47,445 43,810 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 80 40 40 1,810 820 985
English and French 12,235 5,720 6,515 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,725 3,410 5,320 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 112,295 56,610 55,685 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 101,165 51,925 49,245 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,030 1,105 925 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 440 210 230 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,660 3,370 5,290 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,245 1,210 1,040 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 112,295 56,605 55,685 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 109,130 55,130 54,000 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 69,385 36,865 32,515 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 67,375 35,750 31,625 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,015 1,120 895 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 39,745 18,260 21,485 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 330 165 165 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 135 70 65 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 15 0 10 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 95 50 40 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 70 40 35 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 30 15 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 50 25 20 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 30 25 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 15 5 15 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 20 15 10 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 5 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 5 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 30 15 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 5 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 5 5 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 5 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 50 25 30 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 25 10 15 875 435 445
Nisga'a 15 5 5 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 30 15 15 795 365 435
Haisla 5 5 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 10 0 5 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,415 18,095 21,320 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 600 345 255 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 75 45 30 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 10 205 115 95
Somali 50 30 25 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 515 295 220 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 70 40 30 1,370 670 700
Arabic 275 160 115 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 5 5 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 65 50 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 50 25 25 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,750 1,290 1,460 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 35 30 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,675 1,255 1,430 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 3,180 1,195 1,985 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 140 50 90 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 70 20 45 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 225 75 150 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 80 45 40 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 10 10 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,575 960 1,610 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 5 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 145 85 60 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 115 65 45 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 10 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,510 5,270 5,240 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 15 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 30 15 15 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,000 945 1,050 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 10 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 10 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,970 935 1,040 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 45 20 25 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 70 35 40 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 295 140 155 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 155 80 80 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 465 230 240 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 470 200 265 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 195 90 105 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 80 40 35 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 100 50 50 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,260 650 615 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 50 30 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 70 40 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 205 115 90 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 810 400 410 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 20 10 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 65 30 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 240 125 110 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,825 975 845 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,130 570 550 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 175 90 85 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 80 35 40 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 270 135 130 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 425 205 215 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 105 50 45 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 690 400 290 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 95 50 45 1,765 945 825
Pashto 25 15 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 570 335 240 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 5,120 2,530 2,590 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 1,990 945 1,045 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 670 335 340 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 115 55 60 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,320 1,195 1,130 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 105 65 40
Japanese 895 290 610 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 725 280 445 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 15 5 10 360 150 205
Mongolian 20 5 10 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 100 55 50 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 25 15 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 0 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 15 340 175 165
Dinka 15 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 19,870 8,970 10,895 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 19,785 8,935 10,855 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 15,900 7,265 8,635 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 90 40 50 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,670 1,135 1,535 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 10 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 265 105 160 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 65 85 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 710 325 380 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 35 45 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 70 35 35 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 125 45 80 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 25 10 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 100 35 70 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 110 60 50 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 100 50 45 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 295 155 140 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 70 35 35 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 210 120 95 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,165 1,480 1,685 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 395 170 230 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,595 1,235 1,360 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 90 40 50 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 85 40 45 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 112,295 56,610 55,685 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 106,110 53,655 52,450 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 83,455 43,555 39,895 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 82,700 43,150 39,555 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 755 410 345 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 22,655 10,100 12,555 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 5 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 5 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Dakota 5 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 0 5 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,625 10,090 12,535 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 260 135 130 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 25 15 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 10 90 50 45
Somali 10 5 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 235 115 120 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 25 10 10 600 275 320
Arabic 140 70 70 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 40 25 20 900 465 440
Maltese 0 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 25 10 15 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,825 855 970 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,795 840 955 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,400 535 865 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 45 25 20 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 45 10 35 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 20 10 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,240 460 775 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 70 35 30 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 3,710 1,730 1,980 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 10 10 5 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 610 285 320 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 5 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 605 285 320 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 15 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 105 45 60 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 25 15 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 120 55 60 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 185 80 105 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 80 45 40 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 15 5 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 10 5 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 120 60 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 10 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 75 35 35 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 100 55 45 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 755 365 390 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 465 220 245 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 115 50 65 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 35 15 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 95 40 50 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 75 80 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 675 330 340
Urdu 50 30 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 290 140 145 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 50 20 30 1,080 540 535
Pashto 15 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 220 110 115 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,105 945 1,160 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 815 325 490 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 270 125 145 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 25 15 10 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 985 480 505 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 375 140 230 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 355 150 205 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 10 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 140 60 75
Dinka 15 5 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 15 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,425 6,420 8,000 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 14,385 6,405 7,985 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 11,880 5,320 6,565 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 25 10 20 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,815 800 1,020 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 35 65 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 35 45 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 475 200 275 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 15 1,745 885 865
Burmese 35 15 15 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 20 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 30 15 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 15 5 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 15 5 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 50 20 25 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 0 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 35 15 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 6,190 2,955 3,235 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 280 150 130 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 5,805 2,755 3,050 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 25 10 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 85 40 45 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 112,295 56,610 55,690 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 91,725 46,725 45,000 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 6,760 3,225 3,535 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,600 760 830 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 11,860 5,725 6,130 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 240 110 125 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 11,620 5,620 6,005 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 25 10 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 160 75 85 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 165 80 85 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,745 48,795 48,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,485 47,655 47,835 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,623 32,143 27,439 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,575 47,745 47,835 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,039 28,644 25,661 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,470 41,100 41,370 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,428 36,039 29,019 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,380 31,545 36,835 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,793 1,245 2,456 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,540 36,700 35,845 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,161 37,392 31,106 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,725 48,885 48,840 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,545 47,870 47,670 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,264 44,833 37,679 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,625 47,950 47,670 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,721 36,915 32,515 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,420 41,205 41,215 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,880 47,605 38,156 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,570 32,005 36,560 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,955 5,771 6,116 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,545 36,725 35,820 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,679 48,140 39,105 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,725 48,885 48,840 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,005 17,160 14,840 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,951 55,105 48,838 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,206 66,248 55,376 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.7 91.6 87.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 80.0 82.1 77.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.3 8.4 12.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,745 48,795 48,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,255 1,140 1,115 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 95,490 47,655 47,835 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.7 97.7 97.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,520 6,505 7,020 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 21,560 10,150 11,410 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 13,090 6,070 7,020 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,330 4,995 5,335 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,995 4,280 4,720 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,795 3,485 3,305 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,270 2,805 2,465 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,030 2,170 1,865 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,120 1,680 1,440 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,295 1,285 1,005 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 6,480 4,230 2,250 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,550 2,850 1,700 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,925 1,380 545 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,745 48,790 48,950 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,165 1,050 1,115 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 95,580 47,740 47,835 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.8 97.8 97.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,930 6,810 7,120 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 22,350 10,630 11,715 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 15,545 7,350 8,195 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 12,295 5,830 6,460 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,630 4,800 4,835 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,850 3,645 3,200 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,885 2,600 2,285 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,555 1,910 1,650 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 6,545 4,165 2,375 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,185 1,300 885 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,340 810 525 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,020 2,055 965 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,745 48,795 48,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 25,205 12,095 13,110 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 72,540 36,695 35,845 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.2 75.2 73.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,090 3,895 4,195 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,105 2,265 2,840 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 10,640 4,875 5,770 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,955 4,295 4,655 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 8,160 3,995 4,160 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,630 3,640 3,995 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,745 3,040 2,705 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,595 2,460 2,130 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,515 1,915 1,595 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,100 6,305 3,790 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,790 1,550 1,240 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,935 1,125 805 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,375 3,630 1,745 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 54,245 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 54,376 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 48,041 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,045 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,844 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,028 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,200 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,693 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,677 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 54,210 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,729 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,249 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,045 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,242 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,828 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,160 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,625 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,108 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 54,245 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,420 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,535 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,905 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,255 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,740 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,565 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,290 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,265 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,305 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,085 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,930 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,535 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,120 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,640 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,355 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,305 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,400 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,035 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,370 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,500 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 54,240 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,485 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,545 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,955 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,370 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,080 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,055 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,775 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,740 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,600 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,425 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,440 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,790 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,250 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,230 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,815 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,100 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,485 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,225 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,485 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,078 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,739 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,315 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,864 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,933 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,715 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,073 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,020 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,335 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,323 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,778 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,380 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,208 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,974 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,255 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,846 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,497 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,780 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,595 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,370 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,185 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,568 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,244 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 35,190 18,755 16,430 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,884 26,106 25,648 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,311 24,398 24,210 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 35,290 18,960 16,330 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,798 37,597 35,870 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,302 31,835 30,682 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 109,960 55,070 54,885 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,245 30,955 31,285 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 19,530 9,980 9,550 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,580 6,525 7,055 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 10,070 4,940 5,130 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,570 4,785 4,780 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,495 4,730 4,765 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 47,720 24,115 23,605 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,270 4,610 4,655 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,095 4,590 4,505 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,225 4,665 4,565 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,150 5,110 5,035 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 9,980 5,145 4,840 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,965 55,075 54,885 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 14,395 7,420 6,975 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,455 2,815 2,635 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 80,750 40,600 40,150 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 14,820 7,055 7,765 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,420 12,320 12,105 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,290 1,630 1,665 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,005 490 515 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 15,860 8,190 7,665 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,275 2,500 2,775 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.2 22.4 22.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.9 22.0 23.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 17.4 19.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 19.6 20.2 19.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 35.6 35.4 35.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 22,795 11,615 11,180 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,625 1,320 1,305 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 795 395 400 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 16,345 8,480 7,860 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 3,830 1,810 2,010 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 20.7 21.1 20.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.2 17.8 18.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 14.0 15.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 20.9 19.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 25.8 25.7 25.9 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,910 55,140 54,770 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 101,475 51,870 49,605 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 101,380 51,825 49,555 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 11,990 5,565 6,425 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 49,770 23,050 26,720 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 430 185 245 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 180 85 100 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 65 50 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 10 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 95 50 40 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 25 35 310 100 205
Algonquin 15 10 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 40 20 25 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 40 15 25 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 15 20 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 15 0 20 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 0 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 10 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 10 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 15 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 10 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 15 15 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 50 0 45 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 15 0 15 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 10 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 10 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 10 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 45 20 25 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 0 15 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 10 10 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 20 15 10 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 1,460 670 795
Haisla 20 0 20 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 15 0 10 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 15 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,360 22,865 26,495 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 590 475 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 20 15 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 10 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 140 70 70 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 40 30 15 245 140 110
Somali 95 45 50 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 955 535 415 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 100 65 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 485 285 195 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 15 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 325 165 165 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 45 20 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,400 1,610 1,790 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 15 40 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 3,335 1,585 1,750 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 4,175 1,550 2,620 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 185 80 100 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 50 10 40 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 220 60 160 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 180 85 100 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 20 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,895 1,415 2,475 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 30 20 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 255 150 105 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 30 20 10 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 200 120 80 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 15 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 16,300 7,900 8,400 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 10 10 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 70 40 30 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,430 1,100 1,325 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,415 1,095 1,320 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 20 35 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 110 40 75 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 445 210 230 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 250 100 150 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 0 10 400 220 185
Polish 525 240 290 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 710 305 405 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 205 95 110 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 120 65 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 25 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 150 70 80 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 110 60 45 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 10 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,435 1,245 1,195 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 85 50 35 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 80 60 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 320 175 150 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 1,715 875 835 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 35 25 20 405 210 195
Norwegian 45 35 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 185 70 115 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 15 30 545 270 275
Yiddish 25 10 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 400 185 215 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,285 1,215 1,070 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,515 755 765 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 125 50 75 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 85 60 30 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 720 370 355 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 20 15 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 30 10 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575 260 315 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 20 10 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 255 145 110 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 790 480 315 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 110 55 55 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 30 10 20 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 680 435 245 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 9,195 4,365 4,835 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 30 20 15 395 210 180
Italian 2,875 1,340 1,535 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 985 535 445 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 160 75 85 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 5,605 2,640 2,960 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 380 245 140
Japanese 1,645 715 925 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 940 380 560 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 265 145 120 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 0 20 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 160 85 70 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 10 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 210 85 125 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 140 45 100 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,930 10,110 11,820 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 21,850 10,080 11,765 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 18,220 8,435 9,780 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 115 60 60 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,820 2,540 3,280 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 340 130 205 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 55 85 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 595 310 290 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 145 55 90 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 105 40 65 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 15 0 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 265 130 130 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 40 20 20 1,630 735 890
Thai 240 120 115 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 155 90 65 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 150 85 60 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 390 205 185 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 95 40 55 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 285 165 120 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,905 55,145 54,765 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,910 49,920 48,990 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,715 7,050 6,665 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,200 42,875 42,325 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,000 5,220 5,780 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,910 55,145 54,765 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 68,345 35,620 32,725 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,270 17,870 20,395 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 10,920 5,470 5,445 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 6,845 3,105 3,740 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 9,245 4,065 5,185 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 6,975 3,245 3,735 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,375 1,510 1,860 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 3,600 1,730 1,870 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,280 1,985 2,290 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,295 1,650 1,640 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,270 17,870 20,400 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,905 1,335 1,570 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,660 2,960 2,700 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 7,885 3,710 4,180 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 17,000 7,895 9,105 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 4,820 1,970 2,850 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,270 17,870 20,400 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,925 2,015 1,910 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 185 80 105 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 145 70 75 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 265 160 100 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 60 35 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 75 50 30 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 460 255 210 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 160 70 85 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 45 30 20 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,750 890 865 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 760 365 395 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,535 3,910 3,620 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 40 40 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 290 155 135 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 325 180 145 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 435 200 235 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 140 80 65 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 185 105 80 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 270 165 100 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,590 745 850 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 145 70 80 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 375 200 175 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 280 160 120 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 125 55 75 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 285 100 190 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 60 50 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 85 35 55 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,935 1,145 790 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 860 415 440 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 935 560 380 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 25 20 0 485 310 175
Egypt 50 20 30 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 130 85 45 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 110 50 60 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 45 35 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 55 35 20 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 205 125 80 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 315 185 125 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 25,065 10,985 14,080 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 50 30 15 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 85 40 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 10,690 4,675 6,015 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,650 1,220 1,430 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 595 340 255 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 510 345 160 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 145 70 70 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 605 175 435 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 560 225 335 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 35 20 15 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 110 60 55 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 3,750 1,405 2,350 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 160 100 65 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 65 40 25 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 450 180 270 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,145 1,440 1,705 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,455 630 830 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 810 400 410 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,280 1,985 2,290 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 745 385 365 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 85 40 50 1,145 525 615
Colombia 25 15 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 150 90 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 415 220 200 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 60 20 40 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,065 585 485 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 110 50 55 970 510 460
Germany 70 35 30 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 150 100 45 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 0 10 0