Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Kingsway [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Kingsway
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver Kingsway [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Kingsway [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 104,870 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 102,003 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 42,051 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,118 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,854.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15.30 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 104,870 50,985 53,885 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,165 7,350 6,810 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,855 2,550 2,300 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,765 2,455 2,315 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,545 2,345 2,195 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 75,165 36,700 38,465 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,625 2,890 2,735 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,975 4,105 3,875 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 9,205 4,730 4,475 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 8,460 4,225 4,240 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,585 3,625 3,960 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,370 3,410 3,965 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,510 3,550 3,960 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,045 3,845 4,205 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,170 3,365 3,800 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,215 2,960 3,255 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 15,540 6,940 8,605 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,955 2,335 2,620 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,085 1,360 1,730 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,885 1,275 1,615 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,370 1,080 1,290 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,250 890 1,355 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,435 620 820 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 625 225 400 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 155 45 105 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 10 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.4 12.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 71.7 72.0 71.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.8 13.6 16.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.7 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.7 39.5 41.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.6 37.9 41.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,115 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,290 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,865 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,960 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 460 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 770 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,010 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,515 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 210 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,120 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,160 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,095 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,030 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,215 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,620 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 104,005 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,705 43,635 47,075 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 47,285 23,430 23,850 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 40,820 20,260 20,560 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 6,465 3,175 3,290 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 43,420 20,200 23,220 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 31,790 16,635 15,155 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,980 810 1,170 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,030 1,935 3,090 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,630 830 3,805 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,975 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,700 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,120 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,295 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,850 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,970 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 22,680 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 19,445 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,230 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,295 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,275 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,015 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,680 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 9,230 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,450 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,690 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,965 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,785 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,295 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,470 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,435 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 390 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,375 10,380 11,995 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,120 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,815 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,590 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,230 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,000 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,300 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,160 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,145 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,105 50,600 53,505 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 86,095 42,980 43,115 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 55 30 25 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,260 2,800 3,455 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 11,695 4,790 6,905 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,105 50,595 53,505 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 91,100 45,145 45,955 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 965 505 455 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 450 205 245 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 11,595 4,740 6,850 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,190 610 580 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,105 50,595 53,505 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 99,760 48,565 51,190 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 41,465 21,920 19,550 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 40,560 21,450 19,115 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 905 470 435 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 58,290 26,645 31,645 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 5 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 5 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,270 26,635 31,635 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 440 265 175 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 10 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 30 15 15 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 5 0 205 115 95
Somali 25 10 10 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 400 240 155 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 50 25 20 1,370 670 700
Arabic 255 160 95 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 75 40 35 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 15 5 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,740 2,170 2,565 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 55 60 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 4,620 2,115 2,505 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 8,800 3,585 5,220 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 30 5 20 375 165 215
Cebuano 315 105 200 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 145 55 90 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 765 315 455 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 195 95 100 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60 700 320 380
Pangasinan 40 20 20 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,015 2,845 4,170 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 20 10 15 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 170 85 80 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 20 10 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 525 290 240 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 50 35 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 420 215 205 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 50 35 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,775 5,220 5,555 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 15 5 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 50 25 25 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,325 620 705 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 10 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 0 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,300 610 690 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 20 10 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 10 10 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 200 95 105 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 95 55 45 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 305 145 165 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 315 135 185 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 150 75 70 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 25 1,395 670 725
Slovak 40 25 15 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 85 40 50 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 850 390 455 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 30 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 120 50 75 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 620 295 320 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 25 5 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 245 115 130 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,290 2,120 2,170 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,970 1,935 2,035 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 115 60 60 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 195 85 110 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,205 585 620 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 15 10 10 620 325 295
Nepali 60 35 25 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,205 1,070 1,135 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 15 10 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 40 1,675 845 830
Urdu 75 40 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 315 180 135 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,765 945 825
Pashto 15 10 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 265 150 115 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,990 1,935 2,055 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 995 465 535 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,245 595 650 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 70 30 40 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,670 840 830 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 965 320 650 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 920 350 575 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 80 35 40 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 20 10 10 215 100 115
Swahili 10 0 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,485 14,155 16,330 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 30,215 14,005 16,205 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 24,110 11,345 12,765 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 245 105 145 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,510 1,945 2,565 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 15 10 10 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 465 190 275 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 185 90 100 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 670 320 350 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 275 150 125 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 195 105 90 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 5 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 195 65 125 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 25 10 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 170 55 115 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 95 50 40 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 530 290 235
Turkish 85 50 30 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 155 75 75 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 40 15 25 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 105 60 45 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 500 280 225
Multiple responses 4,345 2,035 2,315 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 205 110 105 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,030 1,875 2,155 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 60 25 30 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 50 30 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,100 50,600 53,505 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 93,355 45,620 47,735 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 56,600 28,820 27,785 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 56,235 28,625 27,605 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 370 195 175 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 36,755 16,800 19,955 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,750 16,795 19,950 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 105 105 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 10 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 185 95 90 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 25 10 15 600 275 320
Arabic 105 55 50 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 35 20 15 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,295 1,500 1,795 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 25 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 3,230 1,475 1,755 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 4,290 1,830 2,460 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 5 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 105 40 65 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 0 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 60 25 40 415 175 240
Ilocano 285 120 165 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 50 20 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,665 1,565 2,105 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 330 175 155 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 30 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 285 150 135 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,985 2,335 2,650 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 5 0 695 335 360
Armenian 25 10 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 505 230 275 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 495 225 270 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 5 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 90 40 50 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 40 20 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 90 45 50 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 140 65 75 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 65 25 40 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 25 10 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 105 55 55 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 10 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 85 40 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 105 45 55 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,320 1,105 1,215 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 2,145 1,015 1,130 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 70 30 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 110 50 60 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 540 255 285 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 5 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 25 15 10 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,305 615 690 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 40 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 175 90 85 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 30 15 15 1,080 540 535
Pashto 10 10 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 140 70 65 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,925 895 1,035 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 460 190 270 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 635 295 340 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 20 5 10 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 810 400 410 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 490 190 300 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 465 200 265 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 15 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 20 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 5 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,440 10,345 12,090 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 22,260 10,250 12,005 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 18,115 8,385 9,730 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 105 50 60 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,275 1,485 1,795 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 215 85 125 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 60 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 425 195 235 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 180 90 85 1,745 885 865
Burmese 135 70 65 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 10 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 50 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 5 460 225 235
Thai 75 30 45 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 35 20 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 195 105 95
Turkish 30 15 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 25 15 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 10 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 10,745 4,985 5,770 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 155 80 75 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 10,480 4,850 5,635 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 15 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 100 40 55 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,100 50,600 53,505 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 75,985 37,300 38,680 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 12,120 5,800 6,320 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 855 390 465 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 14,770 6,935 7,835 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 5 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 14,755 6,925 7,830 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 20 5 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 255 125 130 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 100 45 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,850 43,215 46,640 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,775 41,695 45,080 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,635 30,778 25,058 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,900 41,815 45,085 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,548 27,533 23,882 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,055 37,645 39,415 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,864 31,642 24,742 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,915 27,475 36,435 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,689 771 2,698 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,905 32,720 33,185 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,418 33,987 27,392 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,780 43,230 46,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,905 41,845 45,055 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,848 41,065 32,931 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,005 41,945 45,065 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,579 34,323 29,025 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,920 37,670 39,250 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,888 41,789 32,185 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,715 27,285 36,435 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,725 5,286 6,053 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,755 32,785 32,970 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,193 43,071 33,342 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,780 43,230 46,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,820 14,695 12,130 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,962 52,412 43,765 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,998 61,401 49,452 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.8 91.7 85.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.8 82.0 75.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.2 8.3 14.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,855 43,215 46,640 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,080 1,520 1,555 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 86,770 41,690 45,080 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.5 96.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,935 6,795 8,140 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,480 8,005 10,480 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,655 5,615 7,040 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,405 4,795 5,610 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,630 4,100 4,530 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,060 3,145 2,915 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,340 2,460 1,880 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,115 1,750 1,360 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,345 1,280 1,065 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,625 935 685 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,190 2,810 1,380 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 2,970 1,945 1,025 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,220 865 355 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,850 43,215 46,640 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,950 1,400 1,550 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 86,905 41,810 45,090 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,430 7,180 8,250 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,285 8,475 10,810 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,960 6,785 8,180 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,990 5,535 6,455 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,830 4,355 4,475 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,740 3,170 2,570 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,710 2,055 1,655 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,560 1,420 1,140 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,390 2,845 1,550 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,535 950 590 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 905 570 335 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,945 1,325 625 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,855 43,215 46,640 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 23,950 10,495 13,455 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 65,905 32,720 33,185 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.3 75.7 71.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,035 3,650 4,385 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,310 2,375 2,935 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 10,180 4,670 5,505 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 9,005 4,050 4,955 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 8,195 3,885 4,310 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,065 3,330 3,735 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,000 2,730 2,260 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,650 2,145 1,510 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,665 1,525 1,135 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,800 4,350 2,450 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,060 1,150 915 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,285 775 510 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,455 2,430 1,025 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,120 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,697 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,230 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,160 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,424 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,252 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,960 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,632 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,359 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,125 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,994 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,070 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,150 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,895 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,705 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,975 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,605 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,870 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,115 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 910 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 570 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,635 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,415 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,570 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,665 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,610 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,660 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,570 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,010 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,780 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,265 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,860 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,955 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,750 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,055 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,100 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,115 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 980 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 575 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,000 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,680 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,610 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,850 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,000 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,895 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,860 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,390 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,110 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,325 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,020 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,235 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,855 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,330 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,050 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,815 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,941 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,601 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,425 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,974 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,500 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,445 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,734 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,396 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,530 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,304 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,807 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,780 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,119 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,200 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,430 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,295 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,675 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,315 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,813 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,512 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,585 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,157 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,999 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,885 8,905 8,980 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,009 27,271 24,967 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,301 25,160 23,598 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,705 8,725 8,980 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,974 35,199 32,783 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,351 30,208 28,518 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 104,005 50,555 53,450 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 56,880 27,190 29,690 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,620 6,170 6,450 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 11,985 5,525 6,465 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 11,005 5,285 5,720 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 10,915 5,220 5,700 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,350 4,995 5,355 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 47,125 23,365 23,760 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,210 5,025 5,185 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,065 4,975 5,085 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,660 4,755 4,905 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 9,775 4,885 4,885 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,415 3,715 3,700 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 104,000 50,560 53,450 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 17,270 8,935 8,340 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,870 3,080 2,785 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 71,735 34,900 36,835 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 15,000 6,725 8,270 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,195 7,670 8,525 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,870 1,455 1,415 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 880 445 435 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 10,385 4,990 5,395 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,935 1,220 1,715 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.2 15.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.6 16.3 17.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 14.4 15.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 14.3 14.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 19.6 18.1 20.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,735 7,140 7,595 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,230 1,150 1,085 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 660 335 325 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,740 5,305 5,435 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,760 685 1,075 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.2 14.1 14.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 13.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 10.9 11.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.0 15.2 14.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 11.7 10.2 13.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 103,765 50,415 53,350 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 91,860 45,585 46,275 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 91,825 45,575 46,255 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,565 3,045 3,520 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 68,760 31,730 37,030 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 25 10 20 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 15 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 10 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 10 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,740 31,725 37,015 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 745 415 325 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 25 20 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 15 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 70 30 40 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 665 375 285 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 75 45 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 340 210 135 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 210 110 100 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 40 15 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,105 2,970 3,140 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 55 65 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 6,010 2,925 3,080 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 11,000 4,580 6,420 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 40 15 25 530 215 310
Cebuano 395 135 260 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 45 20 20 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 95 30 65 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 895 390 510 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 310 155 145 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 45 855 365 495
Pangasinan 35 15 15 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,220 4,185 6,035 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 50 20 25 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 70 40 30 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 560 315 250 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 80 55 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 430 225 205 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 35 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,595 7,055 7,540 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 35 25 15 1,640 840 795
Armenian 40 15 30 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,565 720 845 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 35 15 20 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,535 710 825 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 40 15 20 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 15 10 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 200 95 105 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 110 50 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 330 145 190 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 485 230 255 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 230 100 125 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 60 25 30 1,525 770 750
Slovak 55 40 15 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 155 60 100 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 55 35 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 35 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,460 680 780 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 60 40 15 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 25 15 15 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 155 75 80 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,140 535 605 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 55 20 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 50 20 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 365 155 205 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 5,640 2,835 2,805 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 5,275 2,625 2,650 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 40 25 15 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 320 165 155 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,505 1,230 1,275 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 70 35 40 1,475 780 695
Nepali 60 35 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,975 1,465 1,510 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 30 10 20 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 65 70 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 170 110 60 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 395 230 170 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 35 25 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 55 30 25 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 335 190 150 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,760 2,715 3,045 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,365 635 735 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,435 660 775 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 70 25 40 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,080 1,460 1,620 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 380 245 140
Japanese 1,510 640 875 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 865 365 505 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 140 55 90 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 15 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 20 0 15 415 220 195
Swahili 40 20 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 155 90 65 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 85 40 50 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 34,375 15,970 18,400 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 34,035 15,800 18,230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 28,065 13,195 14,865 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 295 145 150 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 10,250 4,375 5,880 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 610 255 355 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 235 105 130 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 870 405 465 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 175 170 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 290 140 150 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 245 75 175 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 35 10 25 1,630 735 890
Thai 210 60 150 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 100 45 50 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 15 0 15 945 510 435
Turkish 85 40 40 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 175 100 80 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 35 10 20 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 135 80 55 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 103,760 50,415 53,345 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 89,240 43,810 45,430 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,840 8,115 7,725 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,400 35,700 37,700 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 14,520 6,605 7,915 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 103,760 50,415 53,345 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 47,265 24,965 22,295 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 52,390 23,655 28,735 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 12,850 6,120 6,730 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 9,575 4,450 5,120 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 13,130 5,570 7,560 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 10,660 4,595 6,070 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,990 2,175 2,815 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 5,670 2,415 3,255 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,180 2,925 3,255 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,105 1,790 2,315 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 52,395 23,655 28,740 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,995 1,520 1,475 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 6,810 3,520 3,290 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 12,600 5,860 6,740 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 23,205 9,990 13,215 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,785 2,775 4,015 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,390 23,655 28,735 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,265 1,125 1,145 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 95 50 40 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 145 55 90 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 295 150 145 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 30 10 20 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 45 25 15 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 330 165 160 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 115 45 65 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 35 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 685 360 325 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 480 225 250 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 5,065 2,410 2,655 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 130 50 80 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 120 65 55 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 165 95 75 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 310 145 160 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 150 55 95 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 75 45 30 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 75 55 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 765 335 430 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 70 20 50 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 255 120 135 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 810 380 430 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 65 30 40 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 180 70 110 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 50 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 145 60 85 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,060 565 495 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 535 255 285 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 740 360 380 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 35 30 0 485 310 175
Egypt 10 0 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 70 30 40 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 75 35 45 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 30 15 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 20 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 170 80 90 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 330 145 175 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 43,070 19,160 23,905 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 40 25 15 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 20 0 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15,970 7,065 8,900 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,730 2,235 2,495 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 2,215 1,085 1,130 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 290 180 110 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 65 35 35 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 485 130 355 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 505 190 320 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 40 20 25 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 95 65 30 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 10,065 4,155 5,915 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 375 165 210 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 35 15 15 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 650 240 405 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 5,170 2,435 2,740 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,325 1,125 1,200 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,250 600 655 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,180 2,920 3,260 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 455 290 170 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 55 35 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 35 20 15 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 125 85 40 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 125 90 35 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 105 55 55 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 445 215 225 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 30 20 10 970 510 460
Germany 30 10 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 50 35 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0