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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Quadra [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Quadra
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver Quadra [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Quadra [Federal electoral district], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 105,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 102,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 50,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,617.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 40.34  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 105,610 49,780 55,825 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,210 7,315 6,895 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 3,865 2,055 1,810 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,810 2,460 2,340 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,535 2,800 2,740 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 73,980 34,745 39,240 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,455 3,790 3,670 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 10,060 4,790 5,270 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 8,350 4,070 4,280 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,765 3,290 3,480 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,640 2,565 3,080 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,595 2,790 3,810 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,690 3,830 4,860 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,100 3,955 4,145 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 6,345 2,890 3,460 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,970 2,780 3,190 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 17,415 7,720 9,695 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,815 2,705 3,115 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,945 1,835 2,110 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,850 1,340 1,505 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,130 905 1,230 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,670 935 1,740 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,520 615 910 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 840 265 575 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 260 50 210 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 5 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.7 12.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 70.1 69.8 70.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.5 15.5 17.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.9 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.8 39.6 41.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.3 38.1 41.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 12,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 14,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 14,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 102,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,395 42,460 48,930 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 49,135 24,025 25,105 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 41,600 20,220 21,385 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,530 3,810 3,725 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 42,260 18,440 23,825 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 31,880 15,660 16,230 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,640 565 1,075 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,065 1,540 3,520 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,675 675 3,000 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 23,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 19,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 12,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,820 10,395 14,430 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 26,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 17,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 14,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,990 49,580 55,415 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 86,305 41,560 44,750 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 50 20 30 1,810 820 985
English and French 14,170 6,000 8,165 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 4,465 1,995 2,475 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,995 49,575 55,420 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 97,970 46,450 51,525 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,700 735 960 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 905 415 485 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 4,425 1,970 2,455 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,150 950 1,200 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,990 49,575 55,420 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 102,680 48,510 54,170 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 63,840 31,160 32,685 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 62,200 30,445 31,760 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,640 715 925 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 38,835 17,355 21,485 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 35 20 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 20 15 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,780 17,325 21,455 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 770 400 375 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 755 390 370 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 0 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 465 250 215 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 275 135 140 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 50 80 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 130 50 80 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 760 190 565 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 20 10 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 160 60 95 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 540 110 430 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 145 85 65 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 25 10 15 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 60 35 25 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 25 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,270 4,890 5,380 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 15 10 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 75 35 40 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,995 855 1,140 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 55 10 45 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 5 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 25 5 20 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,940 845 1,095 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 25 10 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 50 25 30 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 155 65 90 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 160 60 95 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 20 10 10 325 160 165
Polish 345 150 200 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 650 295 355 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 220 100 110 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 55 20 30 1,395 670 725
Slovak 65 30 40 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 155 65 95 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,345 1,115 1,230 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 70 35 30 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 105 55 50 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 385 185 205 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 1,575 750 825 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 60 20 35 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 80 35 45 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 45 20 20 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,025 495 530 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 2,135 1,070 1,060 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,010 510 500 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 100 50 45 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 75 35 40 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 270 130 140 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 20 15 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 360 170 195 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 30 15 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 105 65 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,110 560 550 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 10 0 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,095 550 545 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,655 1,290 1,360 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 10 10 160 85 75
Italian 460 225 230 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 440 195 245 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 175 85 95 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,560 780 785 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 1,070 340 725 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 2,025 880 1,145 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 35 15 20 360 150 205
Mongolian 40 15 20 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 15 10 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 10 5 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,730 10,095 12,635 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 22,705 10,080 12,625 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 6,250 2,765 3,480 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 70 25 40 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 14,885 6,620 8,265 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 15 5 10 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 535 245 290 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 300 130 165 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 280 365 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 10 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 120 45 75 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 115 45 70 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 220 115 110 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 190 95 95 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 415 180 235 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 10 35 705 295 410
Finnish 120 50 70 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 250 115 135 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,310 1,065 1,250 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 300 130 170 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,855 865 995 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 90 40 45 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 70 35 35 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,995 49,580 55,415 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 99,970 47,300 52,670 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 77,370 37,080 40,295 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 76,680 36,775 39,900 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 695 300 395 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 22,600 10,220 12,375 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,600 10,220 12,375 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 185 170 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 350 185 170 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 5 600 275 320
Arabic 245 130 115 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 110 50 55 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 25 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 50 25 25 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 145 60 85 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 40 20 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 40 55 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 25 15 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 10 0 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 3,660 1,750 1,910 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 5 0 695 335 360
Armenian 40 15 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 655 310 345 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 650 310 345 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 30 10 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 20 10 15 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 50 25 25 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 10 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 85 35 50 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 285 135 145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 100 50 55 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 5 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 485 230 255 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 20 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 75 40 40 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 345 160 185 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 465 220 250 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 940 435 500 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 290 130 160 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 45 20 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 70 25 45 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 50 55 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 675 330 340
Urdu 30 15 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 645 305 335 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 640 305 335 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,065 525 535 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 15 5 10 65 35 35
Italian 80 40 40 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 220 105 115 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 45 20 25 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 705 350 350 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 515 215 300 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,300 565 735 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 170 80 90
Mongolian 20 5 15 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 10 5 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,305 7,295 9,010 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 16,305 7,290 9,010 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 3,695 1,650 2,045 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 11,885 5,325 6,560 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 230 105 130 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 60 85 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 335 145 185 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 40 25 15 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 40 20 15 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 75 35 40 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 65 25 40 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 80 40 40 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 30 15 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 40 20 20 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 5,025 2,280 2,745 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 195 85 115 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 4,725 2,150 2,575 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 90 40 50 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,995 49,575 55,420 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 82,875 39,570 43,310 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,510 4,365 5,140 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,375 610 770 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 10,805 4,850 5,955 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 80 30 50 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 10,730 4,820 5,905 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 50 20 30 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 190 85 110 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 180 75 100 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,645 41,220 47,425 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,395 39,065 45,330 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,770 44,142 33,174 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,490 39,150 45,340 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,526 38,429 30,092 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,730 36,550 42,175 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,578 44,817 32,149 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,495 23,025 33,465 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,187 545 1,599 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,915 29,165 30,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,767 40,025 27,535 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,690 41,215 47,475 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,220 38,915 45,305 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,291 84,742 54,160 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,315 38,990 45,325 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,657 63,226 43,565 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,455 36,305 42,150 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,602 87,597 54,100 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,565 22,995 33,575 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,144 5,108 5,168 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,870 29,000 30,865 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,179 78,804 46,557 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,690 41,215 47,475 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,235 12,175 10,065 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 67,144 75,672 59,996 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 100,547 118,408 78,938 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 95.1 96.6 92.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.5 69.0 58.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 4.9 3.4 7.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,645 41,220 47,425 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,255 2,155 2,100 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 84,395 39,065 45,330 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.8 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,570 7,110 9,460 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 11,245 4,595 6,645 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 8,675 3,560 5,110 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,260 3,020 4,235 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,390 2,755 3,630 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,535 2,460 3,080 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,690 2,050 2,630 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,920 1,835 2,085 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,310 1,525 1,785 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,570 1,310 1,265 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 14,240 8,850 5,390 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 7,055 4,020 3,040 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,190 4,830 2,360 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,645 41,215 47,430 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,155 2,070 2,090 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 84,490 39,150 45,340 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.0 95.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,380 7,510 9,865 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 11,825 4,890 6,940 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 9,955 4,130 5,825 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 8,530 3,600 4,930 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,375 3,225 4,150 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,060 2,705 3,355 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,865 2,300 2,570 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,900 1,850 2,050 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 14,590 8,935 5,655 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,910 1,545 1,370 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,140 1,240 905 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 9,535 6,155 3,385 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,645 41,220 47,430 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 28,730 12,050 16,685 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 59,915 29,165 30,745 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.6 70.8 64.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,740 4,715 6,020 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,135 2,240 2,895 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,380 3,275 4,100 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,340 2,370 2,975 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,475 1,970 2,510 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,130 1,785 2,345 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,500 1,615 1,885 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,030 1,440 1,585 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,595 1,245 1,350 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 13,585 8,510 5,075 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,235 1,070 1,160 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,760 920 845 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 9,590 6,520 3,070 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,049  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,302  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 128,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 99,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 63,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,913  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 160,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 122,924  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 17,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 7,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 7,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,911  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 168,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,272  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 168,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 129,843  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 203,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 152,318  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,710 9,600 13,110 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,162 30,242 31,693 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,568 27,855 29,039 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,640 9,520 13,115 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,520 51,357 49,913 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,939 41,256 40,709 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 102,770 48,495 54,285 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 45,320 20,565 24,755 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 18,165 8,205 9,955 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 8,000 3,560 4,445 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,855 3,130 3,725 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,160 2,845 3,315 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 6,145 2,825 3,315 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 57,455 27,925 29,530 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 6,545 3,070 3,475 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 6,730 3,135 3,600 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 8,030 3,840 4,190 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,965 5,300 5,670 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 25,180 12,580 12,605 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 101,125 47,680 53,445 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 17,550 9,050 8,500 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 4,615 2,455 2,155 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 67,455 31,350 36,105 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,115 7,275 8,840 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,300 9,110 11,195 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,825 1,965 1,860 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 900 450 450 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 14,655 6,410 8,240 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,825 735 1,090 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.1 19.1 20.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.8 21.7 21.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 18.3 20.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 21.7 20.4 22.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.3 10.1 12.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,415 8,735 10,680 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 3,305 1,675 1,635 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 755 370 385 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 14,785 6,515 8,270 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,325 545 780 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.2 18.3 20.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.5 19.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 16.4 15.1 17.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 21.9 20.8 22.9 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 8.2 7.5 8.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 102,740 48,460 54,280 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 98,345 46,450 51,905 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 98,270 46,420 51,855 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 13,975 5,910 8,070 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 47,410 21,455 25,960 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 150 60 85 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 10 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 105 45 55 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 90 45 45 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 10 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 10 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,285 21,405 25,875 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,400 750 650 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 20 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,380 730 645 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 25 15 15 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 745 430 315 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 610 300 310 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 85 100 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 185 85 100 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,080 360 720 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 15 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 30 0 35 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 275 165 110 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 0 20 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 780 185 590 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 25 15 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 35 20 15 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 145 75 65 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 50 20 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 75 50 30 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 15 10 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 16,240 7,670 8,565 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 120 60 60 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,435 1,090 1,345 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 75 30 40 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 20 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 40 10 30 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,380 1,065 1,315 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 85 55 30 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 55 15 40 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 245 95 150 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 160 60 100 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 20 15 0 400 220 185
Polish 430 195 235 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 940 440 500 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 345 140 200 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 30 1,525 770 750
Slovak 125 60 60 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 165 65 105 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 120 75 45 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 60 35 860 450 410
Germanic languages 4,265 2,090 2,180 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 240 135 105 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 130 55 70 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 560 270 290 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 3,120 1,545 1,575 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 105 55 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 245 90 155 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 65 20 40 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,380 635 745 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,740 1,410 1,335 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,530 775 755 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 70 20 45 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 140 75 65 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 705 355 355 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 20 20 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 35 20 20 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 510 255 255 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 55 30 25 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 30 40 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 210 120 90 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,210 630 580 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 10 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,205 625 580 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 6,245 2,790 3,455 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 35 10 30 395 210 180
Italian 1,215 555 655 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 620 245 375 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 155 65 85 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,695 2,110 2,585 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 1,910 830 1,080 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 2,120 960 1,165 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 370 170 200
Mongolian 30 10 20 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 100 55 45 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 65 40 25 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 0 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 75 35 45 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 45 10 30 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 24,700 10,965 13,735 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 24,675 10,960 13,720 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 7,960 3,505 4,455 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 55 30 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 18,810 8,285 10,525 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 860 380 480 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 330 130 200 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 605 265 345 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 15 10 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 150 60 90 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 145 60 85 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 260 125 140 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 945 510 435
Turkish 225 105 125 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 415 185 220 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 35 10 30 780 350 425
Finnish 100 45 55 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 275 135 135 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 102,740 48,460 54,275 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 84,230 39,430 44,800 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,115 7,840 7,275 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,115 31,585 37,530 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,510 9,035 9,475 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 102,740 48,465 54,275 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 57,015 27,600 29,420 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,845 17,695 21,150 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 9,775 4,455 5,315 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 3,395 1,460 1,930 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 6,715 2,970 3,740 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 12,025 5,445 6,575 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,900 2,225 2,675 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 7,120 3,215 3,905 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,950 3,360 3,590 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,875 3,170 3,710 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,845 17,695 21,150 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,750 1,905 1,845 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 7,470 3,735 3,740 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,685 2,930 3,755 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 17,260 7,345 9,920 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,675 1,785 1,890 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,845 17,695 21,150 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,950 1,745 2,205 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 125 40 80 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 115 55 60 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 45 20 20 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 30 10 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 115 55 60 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 345 170 175 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 110 55 55 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 50 20 35 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,580 1,130 1,450 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 445 195 245 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 8,825 4,430 4,395 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 55 55 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 150 70 80 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 330 160 170 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 770 355 410 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 600 255 340 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 145 85 60 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 405 225 180 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 275 155 115 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 245 125 120 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 290 145 145 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 55 20 30 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 185 80 105 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 340 165 175 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 155 70 80 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 155 70 80 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,595 1,935 1,665 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,015 450 570 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 990 535 455 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 15 10 485 310 175
Egypt 135 75 65 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 20 10 15 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 60 20 35 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 30 20 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 475 255 220 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 235 130 105 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 24,330 10,625 13,705 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 30 20 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 35 15 20 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 12,125 5,300 6,820 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,285 1,475 1,815 74,210 34,120 40,090