Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver South
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver South [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 102,927 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 100,966 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,857 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,993 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,973.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 20.70 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 102,925 49,495 53,430 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 14,015 7,365 6,650 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,370 2,265 2,110 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,560 2,395 2,165 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,085 2,710 2,380 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 70,620 34,050 36,570 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,565 3,325 3,240 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,740 4,010 3,725 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,515 3,930 3,580 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,660 3,305 3,355 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,455 3,005 3,450 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,685 3,015 3,670 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,245 3,335 3,910 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,875 3,720 4,155 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,350 3,390 3,960 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,530 3,005 3,525 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 18,295 8,080 10,210 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,765 2,690 3,080 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,585 1,650 1,935 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,260 1,410 1,850 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,710 1,220 1,490 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,970 1,110 1,860 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,800 755 1,050 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 845 285 560 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 270 60 205 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 10 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.6 14.9 12.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.8 68.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.8 16.3 19.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.9 2.2 3.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.0 40.6 43.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.0 39.6 43.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,995 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,940 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,335 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,720 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 315 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 3,990 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 14,280 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,980 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 150 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 7,760 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 9,445 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,340 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,135 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,320 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 101,260 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 88,910 42,130 46,780 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 48,055 23,840 24,210 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 44,065 21,885 22,180 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 3,995 1,960 2,035 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,855 18,285 22,570 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 28,805 14,980 13,830 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,955 745 1,210 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,785 1,645 3,140 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,305 920 4,385 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,085 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,010 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,065 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,760 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,245 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,085 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 22,820 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,825 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,995 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,260 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,355 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 900 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,825 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 8,700 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 14,125 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,580 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,380 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,160 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,260 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,310 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,480 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 470 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,265 7,565 9,700 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,995 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,840 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,555 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,280 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,505 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,650 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 7,760 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,890 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 101,435 48,950 52,485 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 85,675 42,395 43,285 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 35 15 20 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,525 2,060 2,465 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 11,195 4,480 6,715 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 101,435 48,950 52,485 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 89,155 43,915 45,235 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 630 345 285 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 555 245 305 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 11,100 4,445 6,655 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 900 465 435 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 101,435 48,950 52,485 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 96,860 46,765 50,100 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 32,650 17,015 15,630 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 32,075 16,695 15,380 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 570 320 250 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 64,215 29,750 34,470 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 5 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 5 45 25 20
Dakota 5 0 5 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,195 29,740 34,455 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 525 275 250 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 45 20 20 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 205 115 95
Somali 20 10 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 475 250 230 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 80 40 50 1,370 670 700
Arabic 240 135 100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 80 40 35 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 25 10 15 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,545 1,180 1,370 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 35 55 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,450 1,140 1,310 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 8,110 3,415 4,690 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 45 25 25 375 165 215
Cebuano 270 105 160 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 25 15 15 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 175 65 105 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 730 290 435 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 160 70 90 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 30 25 700 320 380
Pangasinan 30 10 15 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,505 2,750 3,755 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 25 15 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 955 530 425 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 10 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 200 100 100 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 590 310 285 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 150 110 40 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 17,715 8,545 9,160 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 10 10 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 20 10 15 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,260 570 690 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 0 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,250 570 680 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 30 20 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 10 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 165 85 80 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 60 30 30 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 5 325 160 165
Polish 370 165 210 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 325 135 195 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 100 55 45 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 40 20 25 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 70 25 45 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 870 380 490 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 25 10 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 90 45 45 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 705 300 400 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 10 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 170 85 85 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 12,530 6,150 6,385 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 11,965 5,870 6,095 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 395 195 200 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 320 160 165 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,390 665 720 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 10 10 5 255 130 125
Marathi 35 20 15 620 325 295
Nepali 80 40 35 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,280 4,540 4,740 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 30 15 20 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 25 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 385 205 180 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 540 260 275 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 150 75 75 1,765 945 825
Pashto 110 60 55 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 280 130 150 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,840 1,335 1,500 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 405 190 220 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 535 255 280 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 100 50 50 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,795 845 955 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 740 250 490 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 835 385 455 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 105 50 55 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 20 10 15 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,150 14,875 17,275 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 32,015 14,815 17,205 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 24,570 11,445 13,120 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 215 95 120 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,615 2,565 3,050 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 25 20 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 645 265 380 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 220 95 130 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 725 330 395 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 70 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 90 45 50 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 25 10 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 110 40 70 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 35 15 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 75 25 50 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 80 45 35 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 65 40 20 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 245 105 135 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 110 45 65 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 125 55 70 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 4,570 2,185 2,390 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 155 80 85 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,280 2,045 2,235 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 40 25 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 95 40 55 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 101,435 48,950 52,485 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 89,465 43,320 46,145 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 47,895 24,125 23,770 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 47,645 23,990 23,660 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 250 135 110 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 41,570 19,195 22,375 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 5 5 5 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,565 19,195 22,375 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 285 140 150 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 10 90 50 45
Somali 10 5 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 255 120 130 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 30 10 20 600 275 320
Arabic 140 70 65 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 40 25 20 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 10 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,660 780 875 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 15 20 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,615 765 855 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 4,075 1,805 2,275 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 20 10 10 75 30 35
Cebuano 75 35 40 1,305 585 715
Fijian 10 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 60 25 35 415 175 240
Ilocano 275 120 155 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 45 20 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,540 1,560 1,985 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 655 350 305 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 135 65 65 1,225 615 605
Tamil 450 230 215 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 70 45 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 10,275 4,860 5,415 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 5 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 570 260 315 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 570 255 315 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 20 10 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 10 10 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 60 30 30 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 20 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 180 70 105 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 170 70 105 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 55 30 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 500 235 265
Slovak 20 5 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 10 5 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 140 60 80 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 10 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 120 50 70 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 80 35 40 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 8,005 3,825 4,185 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 7,695 3,685 4,010 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 295 140 150 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 170 75 100 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 610 280 330 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 20 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 40 25 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,290 3,020 3,270 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 675 330 340
Urdu 230 115 115 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 300 130 170 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 75 35 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 65 30 35 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 160 65 100 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,475 685 795 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 150 65 85 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 295 135 155 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 40 20 20 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 995 460 530 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 345 135 210 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 560 270 290 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 10 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 23,450 10,735 12,710 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 23,350 10,690 12,660 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 18,225 8,340 9,885 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 55 20 30 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,230 1,960 2,270 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 20 10 10 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 170 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 50 60 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 200 230 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 45 50 1,745 885 865
Burmese 60 30 30 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 5 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 30 10 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 40 20 20 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 30 15 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 95 45 50 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 65 30 35 725 325 400
Hungarian 30 15 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,970 5,630 6,335 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 110 55 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 11,755 5,525 6,230 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 85 40 45 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 101,435 48,950 52,485 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 70,015 34,005 36,010 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 14,470 6,935 7,535 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 575 255 325 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 15,930 7,550 8,385 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 10 5 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 15,920 7,540 8,380 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 45 25 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 305 140 165 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 85 40 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 87,250 41,530 45,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,430 39,560 43,870 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,945 28,972 23,648 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,575 39,695 43,880 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,234 26,100 22,738 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,360 35,465 37,890 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,903 29,604 22,879 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,220 26,520 35,695 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,092 966 3,403 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,740 30,030 30,710 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,400 31,729 25,569 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 87,175 41,485 45,690 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,225 39,525 43,700 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,989 40,325 32,067 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,370 39,665 43,700 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,836 33,716 28,222 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,000 35,375 37,625 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,889 40,896 31,182 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,200 26,495 35,710 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,032 5,555 6,386 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,690 30,120 30,570 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,998 41,788 32,280 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 87,175 41,485 45,690 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,780 13,080 10,710 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,067 50,507 44,185 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,017 60,382 50,688 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.5 90.7 84.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.8 78.7 70.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.5 9.3 16.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 87,245 41,530 45,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,820 1,970 1,845 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 83,430 39,555 43,875 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.2 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,350 6,905 8,445 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,615 7,865 10,750 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,185 5,540 6,645 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,835 4,430 5,410 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,740 3,655 4,090 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,495 2,780 2,710 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 3,990 2,185 1,810 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 2,710 1,530 1,180 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,155 1,250 905 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,500 880 620 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 3,855 2,545 1,315 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 2,785 1,790 990 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,075 755 320 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 87,245 41,525 45,720 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,670 1,830 1,840 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 83,575 39,695 43,880 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.6 96.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,895 7,305 8,585 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,345 8,330 11,015 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,230 6,485 7,750 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,070 5,030 6,045 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,045 3,930 4,110 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,220 2,765 2,450 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,350 1,915 1,435 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 1,340 1,025 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,050 2,590 1,460 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,375 810 565 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 865 555 305 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,805 1,220 585 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 87,250 41,530 45,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 26,505 11,500 15,010 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 60,740 30,030 30,715 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.6 72.3 67.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,325 3,715 4,610 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 2,255 2,905 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,825 4,535 5,290 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,275 3,870 4,405 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,420 3,445 3,970 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,105 2,940 3,160 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,265 2,275 1,995 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,110 1,765 1,345 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,255 1,320 940 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,005 3,910 2,095 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,840 1,100 735 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 760 460 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 2,945 2,045 895 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,995 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,379 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,908 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,760 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,510 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,086 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,235 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,643 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,740 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,980 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,624 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,492 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,735 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,035 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,054 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,240 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,569 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,691 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,995 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 895 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 470 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 955 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,620 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,400 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,480 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,545 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,530 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,395 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,445 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,720 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,430 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,220 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,050 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,095 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,620 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,505 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,810 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,170 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,995 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 965 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 970 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,550 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,710 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,830 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,705 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,690 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,635 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,025 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,675 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,475 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,045 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,825 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,755 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,465 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,255 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,035 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,140 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,898 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,996 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,405 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,685 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,986 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,025 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,345 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,842 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,445 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,138 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,101 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,050 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,987 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,988 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,410 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,247 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,516 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,090 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,007 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,340 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,435 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,638 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,006 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,085 6,160 6,925 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,296 24,747 23,904 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,228 23,540 23,000 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,155 6,190 6,965 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,632 35,765 31,737 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,096 30,474 27,872 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 101,260 48,890 52,370 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,770 26,530 29,245 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,820 6,065 6,755 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 11,725 5,495 6,230 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 11,150 5,255 5,895 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,995 4,795 5,200 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,080 4,920 5,165 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 45,485 22,360 23,125 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,650 4,660 4,995 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,495 4,660 4,835 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,465 4,635 4,825 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 9,090 4,495 4,600 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,785 3,905 3,880 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 101,260 48,890 52,370 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 17,655 9,250 8,395 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,260 2,710 2,545 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 66,730 31,980 34,750 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,875 7,655 9,225 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,485 8,160 9,320 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,695 1,940 1,760 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,040 525 515 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 10,650 4,920 5,730 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,135 1,305 1,835 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.3 16.7 17.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.9 21.0 21.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.4 20.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 15.4 16.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 18.6 17.0 19.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,830 6,965 7,860 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,920 1,535 1,385 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 775 385 395 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 9,945 4,710 5,235 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,965 725 1,240 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.6 14.2 15.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.6 16.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 14.7 15.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 11.6 9.5 13.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 101,260 48,870 52,390 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 90,220 44,325 45,900 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 90,160 44,290 45,870 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 4,450 1,870 2,580 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 74,815 35,060 39,755 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 15 10 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 10 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 10 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 10 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,780 35,045 39,735 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 700 350 350 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 50 25 30 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 25 0 15 245 140 110
Somali 30 15 15 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 630 320 310 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 120 55 65 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 355 185 170 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 85 40 45 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 90 50 35 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 45 30 15 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,145 1,470 1,675 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 40 90 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 3,000 1,420 1,580 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 10,115 4,320 5,795 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 50 25 25 530 215 310
Cebuano 320 120 205 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 35 20 15 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 160 70 90 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 805 330 480 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 195 90 105 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 50 35 855 365 495
Pangasinan 85 35 50 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,545 4,030 5,515 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 25 10 15 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 60 30 30 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 25 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,270 715 550 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 45 20 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 240 110 130 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 790 415 375 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 270 205 60 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 22,895 11,110 11,785 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,550 730 820 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,545 725 820 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 25 10 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 30 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 195 100 95 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 55 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 405 195 210 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 545 250 295 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 120 65 55 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 50 15 30 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 110 40 70 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,295 580 710 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 35 20 20 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 55 15 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 135 60 75 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,020 465 550 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 20 20 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 40 10 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 240 140 100 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 15,710 7,785 7,920 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 15,105 7,475 7,630 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 355 205 150 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 320 160 165 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 4,390 2,130 2,265 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 30 15 15 415 215 200
Marathi 50 25 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 130 75 50 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,910 5,865 6,050 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 55 25 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 30 60 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 585 315 275 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 670 330 340 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 125 60 65 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 120 55 65 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 485 255 230 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 4,415 2,030 2,390 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 685 305 375 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 695 305 390 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 110 55 50 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,045 1,400 1,645 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 1,220 520 700 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,000 480 520 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 230 130 105 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 25 15 10 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 125 70 55 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 30 30 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 325 155 165
Sign languages 145 65 80 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 90 35 50 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,440 16,545 18,890 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 35,240 16,430 18,810 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 28,615 13,365 15,250 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 285 145 145 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 11,920 5,275 6,650 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 895 335 560 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 290 130 160 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 745 315 430 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 125 85 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 125 80 50 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 60 35 30 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 180 60 120 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 30 10 25 1,630 735 890
Thai 150 55 95 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 135 75 65 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 945 510 435
Turkish 105 50 55 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 25 20 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 250 95 155 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 95 35 60 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 155 55 100 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 101,260 48,875 52,390 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 85,655 41,510 44,145 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,155 8,430 7,720 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,500 33,080 36,420 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 15,605 7,360 8,245 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 101,265 48,870 52,395 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 41,205 21,425 19,780 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 56,810 25,880 30,930 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 12,980 6,080 6,895 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 9,220 4,180 5,035 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 15,395 7,015 8,380 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 12,040 5,190 6,855 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,760 2,490 3,275 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 6,275 2,695 3,580 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,175 3,410 3,770 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,245 1,565 1,680 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 56,815 25,880 30,930 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,425 1,800 1,630 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 8,150 4,170 3,985 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 13,380 5,865 7,515 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 24,205 10,650 13,555 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,645 3,390 4,260 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 56,815 25,880 30,935 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,565 1,200 1,365 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 105 45 60 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 180 85 100 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 350 190 155 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 60 25 35 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 80 50 30 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 280 95 185 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 130 50 85 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 100 50 45 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 605 300 305 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 675 315 360 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,610 1,690 1,915 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 30 20 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 140 80 60 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 75 40 35 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 310 175 135 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 125 70 55 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 110 45 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 30 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 370 165 200 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 90 40 45 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 325 150 170 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 260 115 145 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 85 50 35 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 195 80 120 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 25 30 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 120 45 75 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 790 340 445 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 465 200 265 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 835 410 430 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 10 0 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 110 45 65 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 90 25 60 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 45 20 25 1,740 925 815
Somalia 15 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 130 65 60 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 410 220 190 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 48,710 22,065 26,645 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 100 50 45 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 255 135 120 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 14,815 6,710 8,110 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,225 3,260 3,965 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 7,820 3,710 4,105 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 270 140 130 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 200 100 95 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 410 105 310 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 735 355 385 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 15 10 10 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 375 180 195 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 9,485 3,980 5,495 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 545 270 275 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 15 15 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,385 620 765 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 2,665 1,280 1,385 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,385 1,145 1,245 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,095 515 580 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,175 3,410 3,765 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 420 215 205 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 25 10 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 25 15 15 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 105 45 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 50 35 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 150 75 70 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 200 95 105 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 31