Census Profile, 2016 Census
West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 119,113 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 112,875 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 61,419 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,843 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13,008.19 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 119,115 58,000 61,115 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 17,410 8,870 8,545 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,925 2,465 2,460 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,180 3,240 2,940 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,305 3,160 3,145 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 75,735 37,055 38,680 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,645 3,450 3,195 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,990 3,205 2,780 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,795 3,005 2,795 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,665 3,205 3,465 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,030 3,260 3,765 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,905 3,760 4,150 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,725 4,140 4,580 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 9,020 4,345 4,670 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,040 4,350 4,690 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 8,925 4,330 4,595 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 25,965 12,080 13,890 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 8,360 4,070 4,295 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,460 3,175 3,285 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,290 2,025 2,265 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,170 1,445 1,725 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,690 1,370 2,315 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,275 905 1,370 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,085 390 700 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 290 70 215 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 10 30 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.3 14.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.6 63.9 63.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.8 20.8 22.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.4 43.4 45.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 46.2 45.3 47.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,845 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 29,120 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,660 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,980 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,835 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 3,865 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,110 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,125 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,080 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,845 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 13,555 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 17,925 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,320 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,665 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,375 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 116,650 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,700 49,130 52,570 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 61,590 30,625 30,960 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 50,590 25,130 25,460 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 11,000 5,500 5,500 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,115 18,505 21,610 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 24,935 13,645 11,290 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,585 1,095 1,495 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,865 2,605 4,260 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,725 1,165 4,560 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,290 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 18,995 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,925 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,400 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,970 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,290 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 29,785 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,285 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,495 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,505 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,460 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,045 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,785 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 16,180 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,605 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,605 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,100 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,900 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,505 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,810 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,320 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 370 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,995 10,015 11,980 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,845 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,285 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,225 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,060 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 975 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 15,585 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 13,555 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,025 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 118,300 57,715 60,590 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 103,395 51,015 52,380 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 55 30 30 1,810 820 985
English and French 12,775 5,680 7,095 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,075 995 1,080 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 118,305 57,715 60,585 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 113,275 55,310 57,965 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,320 1,140 1,180 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 680 295 380 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,030 965 1,060 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,660 1,290 1,370 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.2 2.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 118,305 57,715 60,585 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 116,420 56,850 59,570 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 91,540 45,535 46,000 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 89,170 44,375 44,795 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,370 1,160 1,205 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 24,885 11,315 13,565 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 220 110 110 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 190 105 80 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 115 65 50 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 25 10 15 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 10 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,660 11,200 13,455 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 305 170 135 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 300 170 135 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 245 140 110 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 20 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 50 55 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 105 50 50 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,325 460 860 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 40 10 25 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 45 15 30 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 60 10 45 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,110 395 710 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 50 25 20 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 20 10 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 10 10 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 15 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,700 6,525 7,180 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 75 35 35 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,090 960 1,130 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 55 15 35 1,070 485 585
Latvian 35 10 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,035 940 1,090 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 15 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 35 20 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 110 50 55 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 360 175 185 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 475 215 265 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 530 240 295 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 80 45 40 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 160 70 90 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 190 90 95 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 3,480 1,625 1,860 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 135 70 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 260 130 130 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 575 275 305 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 2,205 1,015 1,185 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 115 55 55 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 160 60 95 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 135 80 55 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 6,130 3,015 3,110 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,595 805 795 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 20 10 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 130 55 75 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 120 60 55 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,185 610 580 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 65 25 40 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 50 25 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 4,530 2,210 2,320 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 15 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 4,510 2,195 2,310 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,765 800 965 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 500 245 255 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 195 85 110 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 120 50 75 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 945 415 525 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 790 265 525 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 915 400 515 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 30 10 20 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 0 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,800 3,000 3,800 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,775 2,990 3,785 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,065 475 590 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 5 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,250 2,330 2,920 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 50 75 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 25 50 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 100 120 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 70 15 55 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 65 15 55 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 170 95 75 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 530 290 235
Turkish 135 75 60 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 370 165 210 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 20 20 705 295 410
Finnish 115 40 70 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 215 105 115 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,885 865 1,015 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 365 180 190 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,395 625 765 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 60 30 35 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 60 25 30 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 118,300 57,715 60,585 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 114,400 55,935 58,465 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 101,245 49,720 51,530 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 100,395 49,275 51,120 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 850 440 410 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 13,155 6,220 6,935 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 20 10 10 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 10 5 5 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 5 0 5 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,135 6,210 6,920 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 120 65 60 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 125 65 60 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 110 60 50 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 40 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 55 35 20 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 480 230 250 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 410 200 210 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 5 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 6,195 3,005 3,190 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 45 20 25 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 680 350 330 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 675 350 330 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 5 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 15 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 20 10 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 90 50 40 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 125 65 60 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 295 145 155 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 30 15 10 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 45 25 20 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 40 20 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 515 245 265 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 70 30 35 1,475 715 760
Danish 35 20 15 305 145 160
Dutch 85 45 45 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 280 135 145 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 15 10 10 140 60 80
Swedish 25 10 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 30 15 15 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 4,270 2,075 2,195 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 985 490 495 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 50 20 25 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 45 20 20 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 850 425 425 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 675 330 340
Urdu 15 5 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,285 1,585 1,700 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 3,270 1,575 1,695 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 640 295 345 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 95 45 55 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 60 25 35 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 60 25 35 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 420 200 225 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 380 165 215 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 670 300 370 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,065 2,325 2,740 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 5,050 2,325 2,730 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 555 260 295 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,285 1,965 2,320 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 5 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 55 30 30 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 45 25 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 65 35 35 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 20 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 40 25 20 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,905 1,780 2,125 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 210 90 125 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,605 1,655 1,950 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 70 30 40 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 118,300 57,715 60,590 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 103,585 50,945 52,640 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,605 2,715 2,900 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,790 815 980 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,040 3,120 3,920 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 435 215 220 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 6,610 2,905 3,700 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 20 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 90 45 45 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 140 65 80 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,290 48,020 51,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,855 46,365 49,490 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,774 42,918 30,752 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,960 46,455 49,510 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,840 37,257 27,917 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,895 43,335 45,565 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,285 41,009 27,678 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,305 28,900 37,405 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,922 4,321 5,119 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,830 35,080 33,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,867 35,466 23,980 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,290 48,005 51,290 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,840 46,335 49,500 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,168 84,159 47,391 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,940 46,425 49,510 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,389 62,428 39,100 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,090 43,440 45,650 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,760 84,962 45,536 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,240 28,775 37,465 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,189 7,263 7,132 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,900 35,240 33,660 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,836 72,097 36,765 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,290 48,005 51,290 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 25,200 14,480 10,720 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,196 62,864 47,671 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 85,621 105,312 59,025 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.1 94.4 88.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.2 65.7 53.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.9 5.6 11.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,295 48,015 51,280 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,440 1,650 1,785 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 95,855 46,365 49,490 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,090 6,580 8,510 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 14,395 5,925 8,475 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,350 5,080 7,265 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,165 4,325 5,840 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,925 4,160 4,765 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,965 3,400 3,570 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,685 3,060 2,625 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,215 2,330 1,885 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,435 1,885 1,550 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,500 1,455 1,045 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 12,135 8,180 3,955 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,280 4,005 2,275 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 5,855 4,175 1,680 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,295 48,015 51,280 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,335 1,565 1,770 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 95,960 46,450 49,505 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.7 96.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,955 6,995 8,965 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 15,325 6,460 8,865 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,465 6,060 8,405 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,755 5,125 6,630 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,725 4,740 4,985 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,250 3,800 3,450 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,245 2,860 2,380 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,825 2,180 1,650 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,415 8,240 4,175 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,770 1,665 1,105 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,855 1,195 660 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 7,795 5,385 2,410 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,295 48,015 51,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 30,465 12,940 17,530 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 68,830 35,080 33,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.3 73.1 65.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,070 6,060 7,010 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,490 2,460 3,030 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,060 4,055 5,005 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,570 3,380 4,195 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,370 2,815 3,550 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,400 2,590 2,815 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,250 2,140 2,115 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,465 1,995 1,475 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,685 1,550 1,140 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 11,465 8,040 3,420 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,230 1,310 925 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,575 1,010 560 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 7,655 5,725 1,935 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,845 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,449 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,442 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,555 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,478 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,318 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,285 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,963 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,563 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,810 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 127,956 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 99,041 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,515 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,062 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,461 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,295 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 154,721 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,176 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,840 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,205 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,215 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,900 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,960 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,820 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,860 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,880 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,790 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,840 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,350 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,265 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,565 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,360 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,240 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,765 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,505 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,980 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,985 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,840 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,395 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 730 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,235 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,995 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,270 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,180 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,225 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,185 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,110 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,195 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,905 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,545 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,160 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,460 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,415 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,705 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,935 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,770 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,820 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,966 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,671 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,175 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,447 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,862 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,640 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,174 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,147 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,195 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,959 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,093 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,870 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 155,451 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,242 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,220 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 146,590 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,965 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,625 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 187,712 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,338 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,200 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 90,114 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,699 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,965 9,140 10,830 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,072 32,596 31,641 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,892 29,218 28,558 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 19,885 9,140 10,750 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,303 54,383 44,982 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,004 42,814 37,613 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 116,655 56,860 59,795 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 54,035 25,665 28,365 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 15,030 7,235 7,790 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,810 4,915 5,895 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 9,615 4,535 5,080 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,035 4,305 4,730 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,540 4,670 4,870 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 62,620 31,190 31,425 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,605 4,690 4,915 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,055 4,950 5,105 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,555 5,280 5,275 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,705 5,860 5,845 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 20,705 10,415 10,285 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 111,075 54,085 56,985 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 20,415 10,420 10,000 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,795 2,915 2,880 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 66,900 32,415 34,485 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 23,760 11,260 12,500 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,725 7,735 8,990 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,810 1,945 1,870 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 955 500 455 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 10,120 4,620 5,500 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,795 1,170 1,625 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.1 14.3 15.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.7 18.7 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.5 17.2 15.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.3 15.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.4 13.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,395 5,420 5,975 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,510 1,280 1,230 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 540 280 255 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,720 3,645 4,080 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,160 500 660 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.3 10.0 10.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.3 9.6 8.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.2 11.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.9 4.4 5.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,645 56,840 59,805 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 114,605 55,865 58,740 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 114,545 55,845 58,700 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 12,830 5,785 7,040 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 32,265 14,845 17,420 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 770 385 385 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 10 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 715 365 350 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 410 215 195 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 165 70 95 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 10 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 10 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 10 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,510 14,465 17,045 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 535 300 230 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 530 295 225 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 360 205 160 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 150 80 65 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 150 80 70 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 135 80 55 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,740 615 1,125 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 80 20 50 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 75 25 45 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 100 40 60 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,590 545 1,045 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 90 55 35 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 30 15 10 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 35 25 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 35 25 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 18,800 8,920 9,880 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 10 10 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 125 60 70 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,335 1,090 1,245 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 55 20 35 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 15 15 555 290 265
Lithuanian 20 10 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,290 1,070 1,220 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 40 20 15 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 35 15 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 150 65 85 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 395 200 195 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 625 315 305 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 655 305 350 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 115 50 60 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 220 105 115 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 20 60 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 240 115 130 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 40 0 35 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 15 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,175 2,450 2,730 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 420 210 210 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 295 130 155 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 660 340 325 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 10 465 230 240
German 3,575 1,715 1,860 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 140 60 75 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 310 130 175 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 10 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 155 95 60
Greek 205 115 90 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 6,870 3,365 3,505 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,995 980 1,010 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 20 0 15 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 225 80 145 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 390 190 200 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,360 715 650 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 115 40 75 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 30 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 130 65 65 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 4,890 2,390 2,500 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 35 15 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 4,890 2,385 2,500 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,030 2,300 2,730 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,125 500 615 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 400 190 210 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 140 65 75 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,715 1,695 2,020 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 380 245 140
Japanese 1,245 535 715 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,160 495 665 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 120 70 50 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 75 45 30 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 15 20 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 130 75 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 45 30 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,750 3,430 4,315 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,705 3,410 4,295 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,570 665 905 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 6,420 2,870 3,550 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 10 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 75 110 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 20 45 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 235 105 135 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 15 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 0 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 35 15 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 75 20 55 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 70 20 55 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 355 200 155 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 80 50 35 945 510 435
Turkish 270 145 125 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 375 170 205 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 55 40 15 780 350 425
Finnish 100 35 70 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 210 95 120 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,645 56,840 59,810 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,400 50,360 53,030 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,435 9,870 9,560 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,965 40,495 43,475 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,250 6,475 6,775 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,645 56,835 59,805 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 80,000 39,725 40,275 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,415 15,460 17,960 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,050 5,050 5,995 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,985 1,380 1,610 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 5,230 2,385 2,845 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 8,585 3,895 4,685 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,490 1,520 1,970 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 5,085 2,375 2,720 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,575 2,750 2,825 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,235 1,655 1,575 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,415 15,455 17,960 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,280 1,605 1,670 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,160 2,555 2,605 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,390 2,780 3,610 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 15,005 6,705 8,305 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,580 1,810 1,775 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,415 15,460 17,960 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,190 1,500 1,690 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 85 35 50 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 70 45 30 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 10 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 15 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 65 20 45 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 335 135 195 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 45 15 35 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 20 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,160 1,020 1,135 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 370 190 180 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 12,335 5,820 6,515 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 30 20 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 55 20 35 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 310 170 140 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,350 585 760 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 70 45 25 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 135 60 75 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 220 105 115 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 345 190 150 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 405 225 180 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 500 255 250 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 70 35 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 100 60 40 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 195 75 120 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 25 30 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 195 95 105 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,460 3,060 3,395 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,820 785 1,035 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,420 640 780 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 120 60 60 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 155 90 65 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 0 15 985 535 455
Nigeria 45 15 25 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 725 320 400 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 345 145 205 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 15,320 6,875 8,440 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 10 10 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 15 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,710 2,070 2,640 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 790 345 450 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,100 560 540 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,345 2,125 2,220 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 25 10 20 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 570 180 390 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 785 335 455 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 75 45 30 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 130 80 50 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,400 535 865 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 50 25 30 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 15 10 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 390 160 230 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 135 75 55 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 765 305 465 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,150 610 535 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,575 2,750 2,820 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 425 205 230 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 30 0 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 60 30 35 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 300 160 145 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 20 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,070 580 495 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 45 20 20 970 510 460
Germany 40 15 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 25 20 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 10 245 120 125