Census Profile, 2016 Census
K1Z [Forward sortation area©] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic K1ZThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census forward sortation area (FSA) level of geography

[Forward sortation area©]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , K1Z [Forward sortation area©]  Map : K1Z [Forward sortation area©]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 20,983 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 ... ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 ... ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 10,909 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 10,054 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre ... ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres ... ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 20,980 10,010 10,975 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 3,285 1,635 1,655 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 1,245 620 625 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 1,095 535 560 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 945 475 470 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 14,740 7,095 7,650 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 1,025 505 515 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 1,410 660 750 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 1,840 885 950 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 1,705 815 890 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 1,515 710 810 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 1,485 710 775 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 1,350 650 700 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 1,605 805 800 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 1,515 750 770 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 1,295 610 685 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 2,955 1,280 1,670 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 1,085 515 570 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 650 285 365 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 515 205 310 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 370 160 215 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 335 120 210 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 205 85 120 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 90 30 60 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 35 10 25 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 0 0 5 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.3 15.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 70.3 70.9 69.7 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.1 12.8 15.2 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.2 1.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.8 39.1 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.0 38.5 39.5 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 10,050 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,485 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,385 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,180 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 890 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 960 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 320 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,000 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 10,055 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 4,280 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 3,230 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 1,145 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 915 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 485 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 20,550 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 17,700 8,380 9,320 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 8,350 4,160 4,190 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 6,260 3,105 3,150 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 2,095 1,055 1,045 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 9,350 4,220 5,130 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 6,270 3,175 3,090 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 685 285 400 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 1,565 605 960 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 830 150 675 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 5,245 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 2,960 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 1,025 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 865 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 390 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 5,245 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 4,065 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 3,015 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,045 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,180 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 990 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 190 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 4,060 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 2,225 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 1,840 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 750 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 760 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,180 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 740 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 280 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 165 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,905 2,740 3,165 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 10,055 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 5,115 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 2,175 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,940 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 60 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,875 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 4,280 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 595 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 20,575 9,760 10,820 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 13,125 6,545 6,585 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 250 90 160 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,910 3,015 3,895 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 295 110 180 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 20,575 9,760 10,820 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 17,665 8,500 9,170 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 2,210 940 1,270 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 410 205 210 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 285 110 175 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,420 1,045 1,375 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 11.8 10.7 12.7 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 20,575 9,755 10,820 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 19,885 9,425 10,455 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 15,730 7,570 8,160 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 13,815 6,750 7,065 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,920 820 1,095 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 4,160 1,860 2,300 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 0 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 10 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 10 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,130 1,845 2,285 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,010 485 530 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 0 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 290 120 165 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 10 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 10 5 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 270 115 160 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 710 355 355 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 95 45 55 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 555 280 275 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 5 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 50 25 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 250 100 150 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 35 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 195 75 115 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 115 35 85 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 5 0 5 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5 0 5 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 5 0 5 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 25 75 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 60 30 35 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 55 20 35 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 25 15 15 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 10 10 5 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 10 5 5 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 5 0 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 1,715 785 925 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 25 10 15 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 10 5 5 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 460 195 265 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 5 10 0 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 5 0 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 0 0 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 450 190 265 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 25 10 10 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 35 20 15 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 15 5 10 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 30 10 20 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 120 45 70 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 120 45 75 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 25 15 10 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 20 5 15 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 40 15 25 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 5 0 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 180 85 100 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 0 0 0 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 5 0 5 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 35 15 25 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 110 55 55 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 0 0 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 5 5 0 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 10 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 45 25 20 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 330 160 170 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 195 90 100 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 60 25 35 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 30 15 15 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 40 20 20 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 0 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 0 0 0 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 10 20 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 5 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 20 10 5 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 135 65 70 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 10 5 5 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 10 5 5 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 115 55 60 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 660 310 350 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 225 100 120 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 60 35 30 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 55 25 30 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 310 140 170 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 25 5 20 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 35 25 15 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 235 95 135 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 0 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 5 0 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 5 0 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 15 0 10 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 25 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 75 35 40 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 5 0 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 20 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 10 5 5 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 15 10 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 5 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 515 215 295 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 385 155 225 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 185 75 110 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 0 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 160 65 95 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 5 20 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 130 65 70 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 20 10 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 100 50 50 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 5 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 10 0 10 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 15 5 10 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 15 5 10 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 55 25 30 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 10 0 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 10 5 5 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 40 20 20 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 690 330 365 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 280 130 150 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 280 145 130 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 95 35 55 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 40 20 25 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 20,575 9,760 10,820 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 19,500 9,265 10,235 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 17,405 8,340 9,070 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 16,260 7,855 8,405 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 1,140 480 665 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 2,095 925 1,165 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 5 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,080 920 1,160 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 625 295 335 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 5 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 180 80 100 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 5 0 620 330 285
Oromo 5 5 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 170 75 95 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 445 215 230 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 60 30 30 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 345 165 175 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 35 10 20 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 65 90 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 10 20 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 125 50 70 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 50 20 25 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 5 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 5 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 25 10 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 25 5 15 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 0 5 5 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 5 5 0 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 755 325 425 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 15 10 10 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 195 85 115 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 195 85 115 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 10 5 5 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5 0 5 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 10 5 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 40 15 25 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 60 20 40 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 20 15 10 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 15 5 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 15 5 10 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 35 15 20 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 0 0 0 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 20 5 10 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 15 10 5 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 170 80 90 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 75 35 35 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 35 15 20 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 10 5 5 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 10 5 5 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 0 0 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 5 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 10 5 5 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 90 40 55 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 10 5 5 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 5 0 5 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 80 35 45 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 320 135 180 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 105 40 55 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 20 10 10 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 25 15 15 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 175 70 100 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 5 5 5 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 15 15 0 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 45 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 5 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 30 10 20 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 10 5 5 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 320 130 195 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 230 90 140 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 100 35 60 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 105 45 65 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 55 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 15 5 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 75 35 40 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 5 0 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 5 5 5 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 5 0 5 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 15 5 10 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 10 5 5 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,080 490 585 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 245 115 135 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 705 325 375 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 60 25 40 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 70 30 40 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 20,575 9,755 10,825 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 16,435 7,910 8,520 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 1,230 550 680 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,190 525 665 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 1,570 705 870 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 15 10 5 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 1,560 700 865 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 40 15 25 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 50 25 30 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 60 25 35 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,265 8,105 9,155 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 16,610 7,780 8,820 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,840 38,194 33,993 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 16,610 7,785 8,825 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,565 34,304 31,258 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,310 6,775 7,530 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,408 41,408 35,183 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 11,835 5,240 6,595 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,690 2,336 6,139 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 11,965 5,805 6,160 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,889 40,504 37,141 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 17,095 7,905 9,185 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 16,480 7,625 8,860 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,408 58,121 45,629 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 16,480 7,625 8,855 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,960 46,336 38,193 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,135 6,620 7,520 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,677 61,922 46,421 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 11,755 5,140 6,615 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,535 6,502 8,338 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 11,715 5,595 6,120 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,811 57,153 46,925 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 17,095 7,905 9,190 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 6,110 3,090 3,025 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,240 64,041 60,402 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,652 74,499 68,746 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.2 91.9 86.4 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.0 74.9 71.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.8 8.0 13.6 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 17,260 8,105 9,155 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 655 325 335 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 16,605 7,785 8,825 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.1 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,205 1,085 1,120 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 2,970 1,265 1,705 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 2,140 910 1,225 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 1,610 760 850 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 1,435 645 790 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 1,235 560 675 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 1,030 475 555 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 860 420 445 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 710 320 395 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 630 310 320 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 1,780 1,045 735 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 1,260 700 560 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 520 345 175 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 17,265 8,105 9,155 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 650 320 330 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 16,610 7,785 8,825 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.1 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,280 1,110 1,175 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 3,095 1,325 1,765 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 2,410 1,055 1,355 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 1,920 885 1,035 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 1,740 765 970 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 1,385 645 740 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 1,100 515 585 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 900 430 470 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 1,790 1,050 735 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 615 320 295 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 355 205 150 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 820 520 300 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 17,265 8,105 9,160 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 5,300 2,295 3,000 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 11,965 5,805 6,160 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 69.3 71.6 67.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,365 615 745 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 875 395 480 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 1,520 690 830 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 1,270 605 665 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 1,085 570 515 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 985 455 535 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 920 435 485 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 780 365 415 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 680 335 340 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 2,495 1,350 1,140 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 575 260 315 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 530 245 280 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 1,390 845 545 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 10,055 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,928 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,653 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,280 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,676 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,793 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 5,770 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,608 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,378 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 9,975 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,969 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,354 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,255 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,255 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,614 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 5,720 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,538 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,734 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 10,055 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 210 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 560 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 575 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 490 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 435 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 435 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 440 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 400 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 430 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 755 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 700 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 615 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 495 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 455 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,815 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 865 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 595 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 705 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 650 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 10,055 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 225 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 255 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 565 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 595 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 545 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 495 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 490 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 525 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 540 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 460 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 930 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 760 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 665 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 505 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 440 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,065 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 780 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 525 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 760 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 5,325 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,642 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,776 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,150 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,104 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,262 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,840 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,504 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,184 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,155 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,574 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,064 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 5,325 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,206 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,500 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,120 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 126,915 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,002 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,875 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,516 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,654 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,115 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,272 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,829 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,450 2,540 2,910 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,792 31,957 35,986 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,592 28,864 32,597 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,270 2,310 2,965 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,350 43,753 46,595 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,740 36,008 39,091 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 20,550 9,735 10,810 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 10,775 5,065 5,700 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 3,450 1,660 1,790 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 2,530 1,145 1,380 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 1,895 875 1,020 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 1,355 650 700 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 1,545 730 810 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 9,775 4,665 5,105 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 1,425 650 770 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 1,625 780 845 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 1,945 905 1,040 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 2,200 1,070 1,130 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 2,575 1,260 1,315 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 20,545 9,735 10,810 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 3,855 1,915 1,935 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 1,480 740 735 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 13,875 6,590 7,285 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 2,815 1,225 1,585 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,720 2,190 2,535 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 1,265 650 615 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 455 240 215 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 2,940 1,335 1,610 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 520 205 310 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.0 22.5 23.5 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 32.8 33.9 31.8 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 30.7 32.4 29.3 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 21.2 20.3 22.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 18.5 16.7 19.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,035 1,935 2,095 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 940 490 450 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 360 190 170 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 2,690 1,285 1,410 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 405 160 240 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.6 19.9 19.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 24.4 25.6 23.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 24.3 25.7 23.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 19.4 19.5 19.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 14.4 13.1 15.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 20,445 9,495 10,950 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 20,205 9,410 10,800 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 19,980 9,350 10,625 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 7,345 3,180 4,165 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 5,485 2,455 3,025 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 45 35 15 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 10 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 30 20 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 30 25 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,440 2,430 3,015 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,270 615 655 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 25 20 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 20 20 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 320 160 160 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 25 20 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 285 135 145 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 975 465 510 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 95 45 55 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 770 380 390 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 80 35 45 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 95 40 50 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 275 120 150 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 55 60 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 155 70 85 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 120 25 100 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 10 0 0 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 0 0 0 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 20 10 15 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 20 75 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 210 70 135 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 200 65 135 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 20 15 10 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 10 0 0 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 15 0 10 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 0 10 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 2,560 1,130 1,430 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 25 10 10 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 580 220 355 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 10 10 10 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 15 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 560 220 345 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 25 10 20 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 35 20 20 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 55 15 45 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 25 0 15 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 135 60 75 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 210 85 120 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 25 10 10 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 30 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 15 10 0 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 45 20 25 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 0 0 0 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 10 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 375 175 200 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 10 10 0 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 65 15 45 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 240 120 125 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 0 0 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 0 10 0 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 60 40 20 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 60 30 30 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 335 150 185 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 235 100 135 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 30 15 20 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 55 25 25 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 130 55 75 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 10 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 0 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 10 35 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 10 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 40 25 15 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 100 45 50 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 15 0 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 10 10 10 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 45 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 1,275 565 710 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 415 185 230 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 130 60 70 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 95 50 45 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 710 300 405 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 90 50 40 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 50 25 25 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 235 90 145 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 10 0 10 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 10 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 10 10 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 50 10 35 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 10 35 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 10 0 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 95 40 55 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 0 0 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 25 10 15 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 40 25 15 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 30 15 10 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 620 270 350 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 485 205 280 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 260 115 145 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 245 100 145 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 70 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 50 25 30 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 120 50 60 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 45 10 30 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 0 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 45 15 30 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 35 20 10 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 30 20 0 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 60 25 35 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 20 0 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 10 0 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 30 20 10 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 20,445 9,495 10,950 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 19,215 8,905 10,310 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,750 1,745 2,005 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 15,465 7,160 8,305 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,230 590 645 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 20,445 9,495 10,950 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 15,880 7,385 8,495 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,270 1,950 2,320 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 1,085 580 510 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 585 275 305 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 920 380 535 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 1,150 480 670 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 365 140 225 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 780 340 445 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 530 235 295 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 300 160 140 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,270 1,945 2,320 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 465 255 205 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 810 405 405 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 935 400 535 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 1,740 770 970 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 315 115 205 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,265 1,950 2,320 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 755 360 395 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 20 10 10 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 25 10 20 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 55 25 25 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 10 10 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 155 60 90 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 80 40 40 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 35 20 15 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 25 10 15 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 205 110 100 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 135 70 65 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 1,290 640 650 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 25 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 20 10 15 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 45 15 30 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 70 45 30 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 25 15 0 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 30 15 15 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 0 20 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 200 95 105 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 40 0 40 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 105 45 60 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 40 20 15 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 70 40 25 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 85 25 60 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 10 20 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 45 30 15 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 280 185 95 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 155 80 75 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 840 340 500 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 25 15 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 50 20 25 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 55 20 35 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 10 0 0 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 30 15 15 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 0 0 0 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 110 40 75 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 25 15 10 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 545 220 320 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 1,360 585 775 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 15 10 10 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 15 0 0 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 195 70 125 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 15 30 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 105 45 60 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 65 30 30 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 95 40 50 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 25 10 25 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 25 15 10 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 155 90 60 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 35 20 15 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 80 20 60 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 0 0 10 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 15 10 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 10 0 0 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 105 50 55 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 365 155 205 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 15 20 0 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 530 235 295 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 110 45 70 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 10 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 0 0 0 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 10 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 30 10 20 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 10 0 0 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 0 0 0 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 15 10 0 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 35 0 30 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 40 15 25 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 10 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 0 0 0 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0