Census Profile, 2016 Census
Zone 1 - Western [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 - Western
Nova Scotia
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Zone 1 - Western [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia  Map : Zone 1 - Western [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 194,376 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 197,425 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 103,868 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 86,750 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 11.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 17,733.65 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 194,375 94,430 99,945 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 25,855 13,235 12,620 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 7,900 4,035 3,865 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 8,835 4,535 4,300 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 9,115 4,665 4,455 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 121,420 59,475 61,940 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 10,525 5,465 5,060 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 9,130 4,620 4,510 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 8,560 4,245 4,315 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 8,910 4,300 4,605 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 9,565 4,515 5,050 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 11,230 5,425 5,800 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 12,965 6,320 6,645 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 16,600 8,110 8,485 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 17,640 8,580 9,055 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 16,300 7,890 8,415 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 47,105 21,720 25,385 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 15,865 7,760 8,105 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 11,545 5,590 5,955 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 8,230 3,875 4,350 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 5,710 2,540 3,165 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 5,760 1,955 3,810 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 3,475 1,310 2,160 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,685 510 1,170 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 510 120 390 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 100 10 80 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.3 14.0 12.6 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 62.5 63.0 62.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 24.2 23.0 25.4 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 3.0 2.1 3.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 46.3 45.4 47.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 50.2 49.3 50.9 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 86,750 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 69,895 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 100 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,730 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,155 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 1,365 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,570 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,475 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 165 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,025 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 86,750 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 25,110 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 37,125 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 12,075 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 8,610 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,830 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 190,775 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 168,525 81,195 87,330 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 103,725 51,830 51,890 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 84,375 42,175 42,200 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 19,350 9,655 9,695 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 64,800 29,365 35,435 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 35,985 19,760 16,230 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 5,025 2,265 2,760 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 10,860 4,715 6,145 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 12,925 2,630 10,300 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 60,065 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 37,825 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 11,490 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 7,820 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,930 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 60,070 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 51,180 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 41,505 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,670 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,890 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 6,970 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 1,915 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 51,180 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 32,115 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 19,065 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 9,115 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 7,200 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,745 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,885 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 5,715 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 2,370 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 800 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 33,755 15,440 18,315 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 86,750 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 58,215 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 31,365 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 26,850 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 920 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 27,620 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 25,105 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,510 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 191,605 93,425 98,175 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 166,900 82,130 84,770 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 245 110 130 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 24,275 11,095 13,185 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 190 100 90 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 191,600 93,425 98,180 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 179,330 87,420 91,910 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 11,840 5,795 6,045 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 275 130 140 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 165 85 80 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,975 5,855 6,115 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 6.3 6.3 6.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 191,605 93,425 98,175 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 190,320 92,815 97,505 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 186,570 91,020 95,550 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 174,490 85,135 89,355 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 12,080 5,890 6,195 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 3,750 1,795 1,950 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 30 10 15 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 30 15 20 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 25 10 15 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,685 1,765 1,915 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 270 155 115 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 0 0 0 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 260 145 115 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 5 0 0 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 245 140 110 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 5 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 0 0 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 15 20 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 40 20 20 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 160 45 115 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 15 5 15 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 0 0 5 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 10 5 0 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 40 90 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 20 15 5 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 60 35 25 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 5 5 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 35 20 15 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 10 10 5 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 5 5 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 2,420 1,195 1,230 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 15 5 15 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 0 0 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 300 135 165 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 20 10 10 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 5 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 5 5 0 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 285 120 160 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 5 0 5 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 15 5 10 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 15 10 10 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 35 15 20 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 85 30 50 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 65 25 40 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 5 0 0 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 5 5 5 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 45 25 25 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 15 5 10 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 0 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,600 785 815 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 20 10 15 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 35 20 10 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 460 225 235 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 15 5 10 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 1,010 495 515 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 10 0 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 20 10 10 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 25 10 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 5 5 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 20 15 5 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 145 85 60 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 110 65 45 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 15 5 5 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5 5 5 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 25 15 10 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 0 0 0 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 15 15 5 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 35 20 15 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 0 0 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 5 0 5 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 320 160 160 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 55 30 20 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 60 20 35 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 20 10 10 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 190 90 100 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 60 20 45 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 75 35 35 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 0 0 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 5 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 0 0 0 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 5 0 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 10 0 10 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 30 10 20 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 10 5 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 355 175 185 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 345 170 175 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 85 40 50 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 0 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 190 90 90 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 5 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 30 10 20 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 30 15 15 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 30 15 15 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 95 35 60 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 10 0 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 30 10 25 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 50 20 30 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,280 610 675 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 875 415 460 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 360 170 195 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 20 15 5 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 191,605 93,425 98,175 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 190,280 92,790 97,490 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 188,965 92,135 96,835 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 181,220 88,430 92,790 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 7,745 3,705 4,045 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 1,315 650 655 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,305 650 655 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 0 0 0 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 155 85 75 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 150 85 70 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 5 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 15 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 35 15 20 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 45 15 20 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 5 0 0 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 5 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 5 5 5 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 0 0 0 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 690 345 345 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 5 0 0 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 55 25 35 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 50 25 30 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 5 0 0 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 5 0 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5 5 0 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 0 5 0 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 20 5 15 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 15 10 10 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 0 0 0 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 0 0 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 5 5 5 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 450 215 235 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 5 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 35 20 20 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 5 185 95 90
German 390 185 205 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 5 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 0 5 345 145 200
Swedish 5 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 5 0 0 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 70 40 25 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 45 25 20 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 10 0 5 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 0 0 0 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 10 10 0 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 5 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 0 0 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 10 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 10 5 5 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 20 10 10 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 5 5 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 10 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 120 65 50 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 10 5 5 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 20 10 10 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 5 5 5 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 85 50 35 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 20 5 10 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 30 15 15 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 5 0 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 0 0 0 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 10 0 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 55 30 30 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 25 10 15 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 25 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 105 85 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 195 110 90 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 45 20 25 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 120 65 50 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 10 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 15 5 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 10 5 5 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 15 10 5 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 5 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 10 5 0 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,325 640 685 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 555 260 295 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 725 355 370 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 5 0 0 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 45 20 20 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 191,600 93,425 98,175 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 181,780 88,815 92,965 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 4,045 1,940 2,105 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 4,180 1,940 2,240 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 1,495 670 820 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 65 30 40 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 1,430 645 790 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 15 5 5 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 10 15 0 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 80 45 35 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 164,955 79,865 85,090 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,810 77,115 81,690 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,105 35,241 23,086 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,900 77,125 81,775 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,717 31,311 21,708 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 135,415 68,090 67,325 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,715 32,451 20,206 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 123,915 56,570 67,345 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,619 9,723 7,948 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 105,220 54,460 50,765 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,704 31,425 21,335 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 164,955 79,880 85,075 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,725 77,125 81,600 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,861 44,559 29,585 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,830 77,130 81,700 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,017 36,703 25,649 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 135,460 68,240 67,225 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,777 42,222 27,220 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 124,085 56,600 67,485 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,186 9,816 8,657 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 105,220 54,525 50,690 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,161 40,574 27,263 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 164,955 79,880 85,075 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 45,265 24,815 20,450 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 41,913 46,988 37,401 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 49,262 54,859 42,471 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.4 83.7 75.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.5 64.4 57.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.6 16.3 24.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 164,955 79,865 85,090 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 6,145 2,745 3,395 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 158,810 77,120 81,695 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.6 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 22,715 8,715 14,000 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 33,510 12,425 21,085 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 27,635 11,790 15,845 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 21,745 10,620 11,125 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 16,285 8,960 7,325 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 11,050 6,890 4,165 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 7,835 5,340 2,490 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 5,775 3,830 1,945 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 4,045 2,435 1,610 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,350 1,575 780 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 5,865 4,540 1,330 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 4,220 3,245 980 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,640 1,290 345 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 164,955 79,865 85,090 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 6,055 2,740 3,310 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 158,900 77,120 81,780 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.6 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 23,810 8,935 14,875 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 35,565 13,300 22,265 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 32,630 14,495 18,130 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 25,430 13,235 12,190 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 16,385 10,020 6,370 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 10,325 6,935 3,395 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 6,460 4,060 2,405 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 2,220 985 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 5,085 3,930 1,165 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,800 1,370 430 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,040 800 235 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 2,245 1,750 495 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 164,955 79,865 85,090 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 59,735 25,410 34,330 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 105,215 54,455 50,765 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 63.8 68.2 59.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,520 7,955 8,565 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 9,985 4,185 5,795 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 17,155 7,350 9,805 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 14,980 6,815 8,165 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 12,695 6,250 6,445 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 9,445 5,310 4,130 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 6,990 4,545 2,445 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 5,160 3,575 1,580 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 4,010 2,550 1,465 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 8,285 5,920 2,360 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945 1,725 1,220 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,615 1,145 470 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 3,725 3,050 670 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 86,750 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,900 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 48,168 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,105 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,401 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,639 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 61,645 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,500 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 59,363 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 86,750 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,443 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,788 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,115 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,531 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,824 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 61,630 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,041 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,370 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 86,750 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,100 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,595 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,630 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,360 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,095 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,925 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,770 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,895 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,635 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,300 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,800 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,950 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,090 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,170 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,130 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,315 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,100 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,000 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,330 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,880 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 86,750 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,190 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,620 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,675 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,670 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,725 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,705 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,545 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,700 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,390 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,995 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,500 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,920 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,270 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,740 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,560 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,550 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,185 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,320 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,045 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 59,705 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,361 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,260 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 30,735 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,210 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,165 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,365 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,634 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 78,235 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,315 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,550 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,403 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 59,730 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,996 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,263 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 30,760 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,209 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,414 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,360 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,988 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,268 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,345 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,807 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,766 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,875 14,315 16,565 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,461 28,871 23,672 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,981 26,014 22,825 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,755 14,300 16,450 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,863 38,365 31,819 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,539 31,511 27,824 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 190,775 93,080 97,690 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 123,785 58,830 64,950 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 22,040 10,190 11,850 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 30,795 13,900 16,895 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 25,100 12,085 13,020 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 23,725 11,615 12,110 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 22,125 11,045 11,075 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 66,990 34,250 32,740 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 19,700 9,960 9,735 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 16,870 8,640 8,235 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 13,260 6,795 6,460 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 10,140 5,210 4,930 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 7,025 3,645 3,385 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 190,080 92,730 97,350 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 31,965 16,410 15,555 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 9,515 4,855 4,660 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 113,645 55,375 58,270 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 44,470 20,940 23,530 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 38,365 17,325 21,040 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 8,185 4,185 3,995 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 2,835 1,460 1,375 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 20,075 9,080 10,990 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 10,110 4,055 6,050 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 18.7 21.6 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 25.6 25.5 25.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 29.8 30.1 29.5 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 17.7 16.4 18.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 22.7 19.4 25.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,870 5,665 6,200 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 2,590 1,330 1,260 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 900 470 430 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 8,570 4,035 4,535 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 710 305 400 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.1 6.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.1 8.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.7 9.2 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.3 7.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.5 1.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 190,780 93,115 97,655 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 190,630 93,025 97,605 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 190,365 92,895 97,470 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 24,535 11,075 13,455 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 6,045 2,795 3,250 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 95 55 35 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 75 50 30 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 80 50 30 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 80 50 30 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 10 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,955 2,735 3,215 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 180 170 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 0 0 0 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 340 170 170 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 0 0 0 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 300 150 150 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 40 25 20 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 30 45 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 75 30 45 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 235 60 170 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 10 10 10 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 0 0 0 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 30 10 25 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 195 55 135 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 60 45 20 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 35 10 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 55 35 15 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 55 35 15 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 15 10 10 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 0 0 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 4,165 1,945 2,220 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 10 0 10 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 400 190 215 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 10 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 400 185 215 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 20 10 10 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 30 20 20 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 10 10 10 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 25 0 20 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 10 10 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 110 45 60 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 125 65 65 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 25 15 10 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 15 10 0 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 65 25 45 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 55 35 20 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 15 10 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,190 1,045 1,145 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 35 15 15 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 60 30 30 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 535 220 315 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 20 0 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,500 760 740 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 30 15 15 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 20 0 10 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 40 20 20 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 10 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 45 20 25 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 235 130 110 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 180 90 85 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 10 10 0 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 25 10 20 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 70 40 35 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 10 10 10 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 0 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 40 30 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 0 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 45 35 15 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 65 40 25 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 0 0 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 25 15 10 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 40 30 10 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 1,365 595 775 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 205 85 120 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 105 50 55 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 25 15 10 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 1,090 445 640 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 90 35 55 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 135 75 60 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 30 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 0 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 10 0 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 20 0 10 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 0 0 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 310 105 205 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 115 35 80 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 65 135 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 400 195 200 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 395 195 195 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 110 45 65 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 265 145 125 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 20 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 10 0 10 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 10 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 30 15 15 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 40 25 15 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 40 20 20 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 100 40 65 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 10 10 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 35 0 25 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 65 25 40 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 190,775 93,115 97,660 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 187,160 91,415 95,750 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,815 16,400 15,415 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 155,345 75,010 80,335 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,615 1,705 1,905 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 190,780 93,115 97,660 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 181,315 88,645 92,675 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,840 4,105 4,735 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 4,340 2,060 2,280 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 890 375 510 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 875 375 500 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 1,750 800 950 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 680 285 395 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 1,075 515 555 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 985 490 495 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 620 370 250 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,840 4,105 4,735 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 1,160 530 630 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 1,610 735 880 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 1,635 670 970 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 3,255 1,530 1,725 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,170 635 535 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,835 4,105 4,735 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 2,540 1,055 1,485 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 25 0 25 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 55 20 35 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 0 0 0 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 10 10 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 10 0 10 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 55 30 20 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 55 25 35 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 20 10 20 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 35 20 15 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,110 880 1,230 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 175 70 105 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 4,930 2,445 2,485 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 15 10 0 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 140 75 65 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 790 380 410 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 25 15 0 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 15 10 0 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 65 30 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 60 30 35 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 455 205 255 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 75 35 40 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 15 10 0 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 20 10 15 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 45 15 30 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 10 10 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 30 15 20 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,800 1,395 1,405 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 315 180 140 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 175 90 85 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 0 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 15 10 10 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 0 10 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 0 0 0 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 10 0 10 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 15 10 10 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 0 0 0 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 60 25 35 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 70 35 35 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 1,040 425 615 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 0 0 0 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 10 0 0 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 215 65 150 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 10 10 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 115 70 40 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 20 10 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 0 0 0 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 30 0 30 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 70 25 40 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 80 45 35 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 25 15 10 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 150 30 120 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 15 10 10 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 60 35 25 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 25 10 15 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 55 15 45 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 155 80 75 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 85 65 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 980 490 495 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 150 85 65 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 0 0 10 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 0 0 0 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 15 15 10 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 15 10 10 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 100 65 40 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 430 225 205 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 15 10 10 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 50 30 20 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 5,900 2,735 3,165
Romania