Census Profile, 2016 Census
Zone 3 - Eastern [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 3 - Eastern
Nova Scotia
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Zone 3 - Eastern [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia  Map : Zone 3 - Eastern [Health region, December 2017], Nova Scotia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 158,936 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 163,706 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 81,672 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 69,194 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,908.12 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 158,935 76,190 82,750 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 22,230 11,400 10,830 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 6,685 3,370 3,315 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 7,590 3,970 3,620 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 7,955 4,055 3,895 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 99,165 47,805 51,360 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 8,855 4,495 4,360 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 8,675 4,380 4,295 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 7,285 3,620 3,665 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 7,220 3,470 3,750 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 7,680 3,500 4,180 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 8,810 4,085 4,725 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 9,870 4,730 5,140 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 12,685 5,935 6,750 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 14,085 6,730 7,360 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 13,995 6,855 7,135 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 37,540 16,980 20,560 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 12,965 6,345 6,615 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 9,115 4,330 4,780 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 6,625 3,030 3,595 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 4,505 1,890 2,615 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 4,335 1,390 2,950 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 2,625 945 1,680 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,280 350 925 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 370 80 290 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 65 10 55 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.0 15.0 13.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 62.4 62.7 62.1 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 23.6 22.3 24.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 45.6 44.5 46.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 49.5 48.4 50.3 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 69,190 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 52,310 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 235 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,930 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,295 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 845 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,480 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,175 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 135 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,720 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 69,190 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 21,240 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 26,240 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 10,435 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 7,260 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,025 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 156,040 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 136,705 64,785 71,920 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 74,035 37,015 37,020 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 62,550 31,285 31,265 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 11,480 5,730 5,760 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 62,670 27,775 34,900 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 38,200 19,935 18,260 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 4,625 1,945 2,680 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 8,285 3,500 4,785 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 11,565 2,385 9,180 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 46,900 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 27,315 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 10,165 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 6,540 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,875 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 46,900 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 36,390 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 30,650 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,740 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,510 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 8,550 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 1,965 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 36,390 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 20,880 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 15,510 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 7,345 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 5,650 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,515 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,510 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 6,435 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 2,830 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,250 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,335 13,320 16,010 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 69,190 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 44,625 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,130 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,490 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,125 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,450 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 21,240 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,210 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 156,670 75,410 81,260 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 143,805 69,720 74,085 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 105 35 70 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 12,635 5,595 7,040 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 125 65 65 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 156,670 75,415 81,260 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 151,215 72,855 78,360 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 5,165 2,410 2,755 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 185 95 95 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 110 50 55 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,255 2,455 2,800 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.3 3.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 156,670 75,410 81,260 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 155,670 74,925 80,740 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 149,175 71,740 77,435 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 143,715 69,215 74,495 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 5,460 2,525 2,935 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 6,495 3,185 3,305 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 3,765 1,790 1,975 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 3,755 1,780 1,970 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 5 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,740 1,780 1,965 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 5 0 5 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 3,740 1,780 1,960 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 0 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 5 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 10 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,725 1,395 1,330 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 225 140 85 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 0 0 0 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 230 140 85 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 5 0 5 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 220 135 85 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 5 5 0 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 0 0 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 15 20 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 35 15 20 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 175 75 100 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 10 5 5 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 0 0 0 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 5 0 5 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155 65 90 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 0 0 0 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 35 25 10 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 10 5 0 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 25 10 10 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 0 5 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 1,515 750 765 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 0 0 0 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 0 0 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 175 65 110 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 10 5 5 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 5 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 5 5 0 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 165 60 105 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 0 0 0 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 15 5 10 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 10 10 5 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 5 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 50 15 35 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 20 5 15 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 0 0 0 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 10 0 5 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 50 15 30 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 105 45 55 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 90 45 45 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 0 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 765 380 385 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 10 5 5 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 10 10 0 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 270 130 135 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 445 225 220 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 5 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 10 5 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 5 0 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 60 30 25 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 225 130 90 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 205 125 80 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 10 5 5 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 10 5 0 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 30 20 15 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 0 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 0 0 0 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 25 15 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 100 65 35 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 20 10 10 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 0 0 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 0 0 0 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 20 5 10 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 195 100 105 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 85 45 40 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 25 15 15 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 5 0 0 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 80 30 50 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 20 5 15 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 50 25 30 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 5 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 5 0 920 445 470
Ganda 5 0 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 10 5 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 10 5 5 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 5 0 5 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 15 5 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 10 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 535 290 245 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 535 290 245 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 70 40 35 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 0 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 360 200 165 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 55 40 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 0 0 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 0 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 20 5 15 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 5 5 0 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 5 5 0 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 30 15 20 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 0 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 5 0 0 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 25 15 15 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,005 490 520 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 525 245 275 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 460 225 230 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 15 10 5 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 156,675 75,415 81,260 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 155,575 74,890 80,685 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 151,920 73,020 78,895 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 149,200 71,775 77,425 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 2,720 1,250 1,470 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 3,655 1,865 1,790 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 2,480 1,235 1,245 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 2,470 1,235 1,240 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,470 1,235 1,240 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 5 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 2,470 1,235 1,240 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,180 630 545 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 155 85 65 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 0 0 0 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 155 90 65 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 155 90 70 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 10 15 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 30 15 15 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 80 40 40 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 5 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 40 35 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 0 0 5 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 0 0 0 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 0 0 5 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 450 230 220 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 0 0 0 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 0 0 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 35 20 15 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 30 20 10 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 0 0 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 0 0 0 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 0 0 0 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 20 10 10 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 5 0 5 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 0 0 0 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 0 0 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 5 0 0 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 40 15 20 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 25 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 195 100 95 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 5 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 5 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 165 85 80 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 5 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 15 5 10 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 110 60 50 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 100 60 40 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 5 5 0 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 5 0 0 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 0 0 0 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 0 0 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 5 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 70 40 30 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 10 5 5 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 5 0 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 0 0 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 5 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 65 25 35 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 15 10 10 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 10 5 5 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 0 0 0 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 40 15 25 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 5 0 5 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 25 15 10 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 10 5 5 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 30 20 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 5 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 370 205 165 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 370 205 165 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 45 25 20 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 270 145 120 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 25 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 10 5 5 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 5 0 5 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 0 0 0 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 5 5 5 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 5 5 0 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,100 525 580 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 320 135 180 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 770 375 395 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 0 0 0 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 156,670 75,410 81,260 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 148,415 71,610 76,805 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 3,085 1,510 1,575 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 2,345 1,015 1,330 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 2,765 1,245 1,520 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 1,685 735 945 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 1,085 515 570 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 10 5 0 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 10 5 10 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 50 20 25 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 133,835 63,755 70,075 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,595 61,270 67,325 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,020 34,286 24,845 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,620 61,270 67,350 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,657 30,741 23,451 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,005 52,100 53,905 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,970 29,637 21,323 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 105,975 48,515 57,460 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,136 11,202 9,370 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,010 41,390 41,625 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,037 30,268 22,915 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 133,835 63,755 70,075 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,435 61,105 67,325 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,425 43,994 31,464 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,455 61,105 67,350 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,575 36,244 27,340 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 105,855 51,960 53,895 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,908 41,354 28,693 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 105,725 48,400 57,330 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,512 11,144 9,978 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,010 41,440 41,570 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,848 42,097 29,618 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 133,835 63,755 70,075 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,540 15,465 16,075 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,822 52,384 41,284 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,877 60,181 47,814 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 77.0 80.0 73.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.6 64.5 58.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 23.0 20.0 26.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 133,830 63,755 70,080 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 5,240 2,490 2,750 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 128,595 61,270 67,325 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,650 7,955 10,690 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 25,230 9,365 15,870 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 22,325 9,465 12,865 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 18,080 8,520 9,560 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 13,155 6,550 6,600 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 8,930 5,060 3,875 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 6,025 3,870 2,155 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,690 2,775 1,915 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,755 2,060 1,700 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,240 1,390 850 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 5,515 4,265 1,245 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 4,060 3,045 1,020 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,450 1,225 225 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 133,835 63,755 70,080 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 5,215 2,485 2,730 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 128,620 61,270 67,350 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,205 8,070 11,130 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 26,725 10,055 16,665 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 26,625 11,675 14,955 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 20,980 10,150 10,835 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 13,325 7,390 5,940 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 8,215 5,170 3,050 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,780 3,215 2,565 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,120 1,975 1,145 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 4,640 3,575 1,065 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,690 1,220 470 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 960 735 225 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,995 1,620 375 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 133,835 63,755 70,080 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 50,820 22,365 28,460 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 83,010 41,390 41,620 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 62.0 64.9 59.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,915 5,400 6,515 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 8,375 3,540 4,840 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 14,170 6,585 7,590 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 11,200 5,035 6,165 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 9,395 4,195 5,200 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 6,935 3,345 3,585 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 5,415 3,135 2,285 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 3,805 2,450 1,355 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,240 1,845 1,395 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 8,560 5,860 2,695 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,930 1,520 1,405 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,680 1,095 585 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 3,950 3,250 705 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 69,195 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 54,803 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,041 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 21,240 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,950 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,487 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 47,955 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,699 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,092 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 69,190 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,465 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,617 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 21,230 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,146 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,067 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 47,960 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,659 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,256 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 69,195 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 995 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,665 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,430 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,360 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,225 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,675 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,100 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,795 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,475 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,160 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,645 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,050 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,440 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,890 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,075 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,230 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,880 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,730 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,670 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,945 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 69,195 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,015 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,680 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,465 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,560 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,730 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,245 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,680 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,350 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,835 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,730 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,785 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,790 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,760 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,825 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,975 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,775 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,070 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,475 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,235 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 46,615 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,706 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 63,047 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,620 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,646 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 58,675 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,870 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,767 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,251 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,645 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,513 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,071 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 46,625 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,724 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,261 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,715 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,419 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,044 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,835 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,141 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,183 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,645 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,368 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,117 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,365 11,630 13,735 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,144 27,037 23,997 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,937 25,039 23,335 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 25,290 11,505 13,780 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,864 36,570 31,606 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,001 30,545 27,712 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 156,045 75,145 80,895 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 94,510 43,980 50,530 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 19,885 9,100 10,785 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 21,565 9,350 12,210 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 18,870 8,890 9,980 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 17,790 8,555 9,235 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 16,410 8,090 8,320 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 61,530 31,160 30,365 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 15,910 7,910 8,000 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 14,405 7,305 7,095 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 13,455 6,725 6,735 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 10,970 5,670 5,305 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 6,785 3,555 3,235 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 149,385 71,935 77,455 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 24,890 12,775 12,115 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 7,200 3,670 3,530 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 89,385 42,960 46,425 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 35,115 16,195 18,915 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,525 12,165 15,355 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 6,300 3,285 3,015 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 2,215 1,170 1,045 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 14,340 6,280 8,060 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 6,885 2,605 4,275 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.4 16.9 19.8 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 25.3 25.7 24.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 30.8 31.9 29.6 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 14.6 17.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 19.6 16.1 22.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,325 4,965 5,360 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 2,440 1,275 1,165 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 880 475 400 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 7,390 3,485 3,900 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 495 195 295 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.9 6.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 10.0 9.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.2 12.9 11.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.1 8.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 156,045 75,145 80,900 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 155,955 75,100 80,855 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 155,830 75,050 80,785 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 12,715 5,795 6,920 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 8,945 4,265 4,685 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 4,740 2,270 2,475 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 4,745 2,270 2,470 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 15 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 10 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,730 2,260 2,465 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 10 10 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 4,720 2,255 2,465 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,215 2,000 2,225 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 0 0 0 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 235 110 130 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 0 0 0 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 220 100 115 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 0 0 0 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 10 0 0 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 240 120 125 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 30 10 15 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 10 0 0 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 10 10 0 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 200 90 105 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 45 20 25 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 15 15 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 60 35 25 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 15 15 0 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 40 15 25 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 0 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 2,700 1,300 1,400 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 10 0 0 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 0 0 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 225 90 140 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 25 10 20 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 15 0 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 10 0 15 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 210 90 120 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 0 0 0 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 0 0 0 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 20 0 15 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 10 0 10 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 10 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 60 25 30 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 45 20 20 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 10 0 0 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 25 10 10 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 55 10 50 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 615 265 345 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 610 265 340 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,030 535 500 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 15 0 15 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 15 10 0 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 315 155 155 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 690 375 315 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 20 20 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 15 10 10 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 60 35 25 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 310 180 125 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 275 165 105 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 35 20 10 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 10 10 0 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 95 55 40 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 10 10 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 0 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 40 10 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 0 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 10 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 115 65 50 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 35 15 15 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 10 10 0 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 0 0 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 20 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 545 235 315 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 125 65 60 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 45 25 25 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 0 0 0 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 400 160 235 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 60 15 40 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 85 45 40 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 85 45 45 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 10 10 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 0 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 10 0 0 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 15 10 10 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 115 25 85 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 55 10 45 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 15 45 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 610 290 320 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 605 295 315 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 100 45 60 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 475 235 235 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 0 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 25 45 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 0 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 15 10 10 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 10 10 0 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 10 10 0 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 15 10 10 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 10 0 0 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 10 0 10 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 156,040 75,145 80,900 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 153,645 73,945 79,700 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,495 14,190 13,315 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 126,145 59,755 66,390 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,400 1,200 1,200 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 156,040 75,140 80,900 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 151,050 72,630 78,420 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,070 2,050 2,015 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 2,090 1,040 1,055 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 290 140 145 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 405 200 205 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 690 340 350 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 290 160 135 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 395 175 215 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 600 340 265 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 920 465 460 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,070 2,055 2,015 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 595 305 290 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 805 465 335 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 795 325 465 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 1,460 715 745 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 420 235 185 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,070 2,050 2,020 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 1,215 565 655 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 0 10 10 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 10 0 0 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 0 0 0 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 10 10 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 0 10 0 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 35 10 25 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 20 10 10 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 0 0 0 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,080 500 580 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 35 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 1,905 1,030 880 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 15 0 10 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 45 15 30 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 410 190 220 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 35 25 15 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 0 0 0 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 15 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 35 25 15 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 260 140 115 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 30 15 15 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 0 0 0 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 0 0 0 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 15 0 15 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 15 0 20 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 830 465 365 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 165 115 45 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 215 120 100 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 0 10 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 10 0 0 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 10 10 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 0 0 0 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 0 0 10 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 25 20 10 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 0 0 0 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 15 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 135 75 55 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 700 325 375 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 0 0 0 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 25 15 15 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 135 60 75 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 105 60 45 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 15 15 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 0 0 0 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 15 0 15 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 10 0 10 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 10 10 0 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 100 55 40 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 155 50 110 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 20 10 15 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 15 10 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 0 0 10 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 10 0 10 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 60 45 25 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 30 20 10 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 600 335 260 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 95 50 40 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 0 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 0 0 0 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 15 10 0 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 0 0 0 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 40 30 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 15 0 10 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 140 80 65 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 60 30 30 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 5,900 2,735 3,165
Romania