Census Profile, 2016 Census
Erie St. Clair, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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Characteristic Erie St. Clair,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Erie St. Clair, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Erie St. Clair, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 627,633 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 619,056 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 274,633 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 256,708 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 85.7 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,323.66 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 627,635 308,005 319,630 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 103,110 52,915 50,195 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 31,570 16,270 15,305 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 35,200 17,965 17,235 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 36,340 18,685 17,660 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 405,340 201,115 204,220 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 38,275 19,700 18,575 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 40,050 20,690 19,355 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 35,610 18,075 17,535 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 34,390 16,735 17,660 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 35,130 17,080 18,045 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 38,290 18,655 19,630 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 41,580 20,535 21,050 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 48,815 23,925 24,895 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 49,265 24,285 24,975 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 43,935 21,430 22,505 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 119,185 53,975 65,210 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 39,130 18,885 20,240 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 28,075 13,595 14,480 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 20,510 9,350 11,160 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 15,175 6,625 8,550 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 16,295 5,520 10,770 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 10,140 3,885 6,255 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 4,880 1,355 3,525 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,120 245 875 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 150 30 120 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.2 15.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.3 63.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.0 17.5 20.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.2 41.2 43.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 43.6 42.4 44.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 256,710 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 185,520 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 18,970 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,080 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,660 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 12,790 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,190 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,005 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 435 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,145 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 256,710 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 74,590 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 90,775 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 37,115 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 33,855 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,375 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 615,375 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 524,520 255,085 269,430 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 301,120 150,865 150,255 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 259,965 130,320 129,645 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 41,160 20,545 20,610 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 223,395 104,225 119,170 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 138,180 75,545 62,635 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 16,410 7,155 9,250 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 33,680 14,300 19,375 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 35,135 7,220 27,915 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 178,485 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 93,175 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 36,365 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 32,580 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,375 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 178,490 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 147,195 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 126,625 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 20,570 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 31,290 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 24,825 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 6,465 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 147,195 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 74,705 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 72,490 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 27,305 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 29,770 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 15,410 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 31,295 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 18,465 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 9,055 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 3,770 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 100,935 48,730 52,205 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 256,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 171,295 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 71,975 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,320 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,530 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 81,880 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 74,590 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,295 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 621,415 305,705 315,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 558,700 277,810 280,885 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 550 225 320 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 53,205 23,720 29,480 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 8,965 3,945 5,020 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 621,415 305,700 315,710 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 595,380 293,790 301,590 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 14,460 6,765 7,695 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,790 1,300 1,490 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 8,785 3,845 4,935 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 15,855 7,415 8,440 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.4 2.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 621,415 305,705 315,710 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 610,435 300,390 310,045 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 506,925 249,830 257,100 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 491,320 242,550 248,770 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 15,605 7,280 8,325 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 103,510 50,565 52,945 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 220 95 120 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 180 75 100 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 70 90 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 150 65 85 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 5 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,300 50,470 52,830 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,915 9,445 9,470 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 585 255 330 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 50 30 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 530 230 310 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 18,310 9,175 9,130 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 105 55 50 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 14,740 7,420 7,320 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 470 230 235 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,430 1,185 1,240 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 35 20 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 250 135 115 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 140 65 75 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,690 1,280 1,410 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 435 195 240 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 2,255 1,085 1,170 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,770 1,065 1,705 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 110 35 75 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 105 40 65 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 115 50 65 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,335 895 1,435 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 240 110 130 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 180 85 100 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 900 520 380 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 40 20 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 275 155 115 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 365 200 160 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 210 135 75 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 64,985 31,800 33,190 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 985 485 505 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 230 105 125 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 13,985 6,500 7,485 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 125 55 70 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 40 15 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 85 35 45 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 13,865 6,445 7,415 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 335 165 170 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 125 55 70 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,850 895 960 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 410 170 240 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,210 590 625 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,855 1,750 2,110 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 720 295 430 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,915 1,470 1,445 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 125 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 1,125 505 615 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 70 105 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 810 325 480 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 45 25 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 20 5 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 16,025 7,700 8,325 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 60 25 35 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 135 75 65 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,375 1,590 1,785 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 95 45 50 1,240 630 620
German 12,015 5,820 6,195 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 20 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 30 15 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 260 105 150 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 170 80 85
Greek 1,385 695 690 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 9,560 4,980 4,585 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 8,560 4,480 4,080 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 690 345 345 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,110 630 485 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 860 480 380 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 5 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 105 65 40 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 470 230 240 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,645 1,380 1,265 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 15 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,495 1,260 1,235 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 950 470 480 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 150 80 70 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 70 30 40 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 735 360 375 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 22,765 11,315 11,445 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 11,045 5,440 5,610 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,410 1,665 1,745 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,350 1,110 1,245 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 5,915 3,085 2,830 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 420 200 215
Japanese 135 55 80 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 690 330 355 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 875 430 450 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 90 55 40 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 20 10 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 10 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 20 15 10 760 360 400
Igbo 60 30 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 15 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 20 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 35 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 215 100 120 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 15 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 165 90 80 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 105 95 1,610 810 800
Dinka 55 25 35 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 155 75 85 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 65 30 35 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,875 3,900 3,975 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 7,475 3,695 3,780 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,300 1,135 1,165 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 35 15 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 4,340 2,145 2,195 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 55 60 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 30 50 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 615 320 300 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 195 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 70 35 35 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 305 155 150 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 475 225 250 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 250 115 135 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 220 105 115 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 495 240 255 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 35 15 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 405 200 205 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 35 15 25 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,835 855 980 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 170 75 90 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,640 770 870 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 10,975 5,315 5,665 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,565 1,170 1,395 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 7,615 3,775 3,835 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 450 205 245 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 350 160 190 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 621,415 305,705 315,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 601,000 295,805 305,190 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 551,525 271,700 279,830 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 547,470 269,875 277,600 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 4,060 1,825 2,235 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 49,470 24,105 25,360 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 40 20 25 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,420 24,085 25,335 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,215 5,385 5,835 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 380 155 225 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 30 15 15 805 380 425
Somali 350 140 210 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 10,830 5,220 5,610 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 45 25 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 8,760 4,240 4,520 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 145 160 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,515 720 795 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 40 20 20 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 65 30 35 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,755 840 925 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 125 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,525 730 795 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,165 530 635 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 40 15 20 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 35 20 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,025 470 555 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 150 75 80 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 130 60 70 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 470 250 225 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 150 80 70 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 210 105 105 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 90 55 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 26,855 13,155 13,705 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 475 235 235 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 100 40 60 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 5,280 2,485 2,795 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 20 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 5,260 2,480 2,780 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 170 80 90 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 20 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 580 275 310 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 90 40 55 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 525 265 260 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,500 705 800 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 325 140 185 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,490 725 760 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 295 135 160 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 95 35 55 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 10 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 4,930 2,440 2,495 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 10 10 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 210 90 120 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 15 5 5 90 45 45
German 4,465 2,230 2,235 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 190 90 105 655 315 340
Greek 530 255 275 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,970 3,020 2,950 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 5,415 2,765 2,650 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 410 195 210 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 710 390 320 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 440 230 210 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 5 540 260 280
Marathi 45 25 25 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 395 195 205 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 915 865 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,560 775 785 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 540 255 290 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 90 50 45 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 40 20 20 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 405 185 225 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 9,570 4,670 4,900 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 3,290 1,385 1,910 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,355 600 760 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,170 570 600 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 3,735 2,110 1,625 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 110 50 60
Japanese 50 20 25 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 485 250 240 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 280 130 145 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 5 5 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 15 10 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 420 160 260
Shona 10 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 80 35 40 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 50 25 25 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 45 60 550 260 290
Dinka 25 15 20 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 180 95 85 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 50 25 25 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,620 2,810 2,805 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,275 2,640 2,640 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,515 730 780 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 5 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 3,255 1,655 1,605 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 405 200 205 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 340 170 170 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 50 25 25 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 270 135 135 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 305 165 135 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 140 70 70 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 160 95 65 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 255 115 140 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 215 100 115 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 25 10 15 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 510 220 290 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 485 210 270 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 20,415 9,895 10,525 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,385 610 770 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 18,305 8,990 9,320 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 150 70 85 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 575 230 345 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 621,415 305,705 315,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 554,625 273,765 280,865 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 21,830 10,790 11,045 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 11,080 4,710 6,360 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 32,620 15,835 16,780 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 455 190 265 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 32,165 15,645 16,515 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 265 115 150 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 415 210 205 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 570 270 305 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 512,405 249,865 262,535 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,065 240,590 250,475 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,955 41,281 26,682 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,285 240,600 250,690 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,134 36,897 24,885 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 431,880 217,300 214,580 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,719 39,332 23,519 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 370,975 169,585 201,380 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,930 6,162 7,308 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 352,975 188,225 164,750 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,614 35,323 25,064 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 512,400 249,815 262,585 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 490,910 240,525 250,385 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,147 53,415 35,243 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 491,210 240,535 250,675 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,266 44,185 30,627 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,065 217,270 214,795 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,903 52,825 32,868 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,330 169,440 201,885 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,443 8,088 8,741 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 352,975 187,820 165,160 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,490 48,631 33,370 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 512,400 249,815 262,585 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 158,415 91,190 67,225 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,652 58,957 44,140 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,253 71,847 51,595 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.4 80.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.5 71.1 62.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.6 20.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 512,405 249,865 262,535 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 21,335 9,275 12,065 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 491,065 240,590 250,470 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.8 96.3 95.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,500 30,025 41,480 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 85,645 32,350 53,295 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 70,395 27,525 42,870 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 58,675 26,635 32,040 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 53,000 27,630 25,370 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 38,060 21,350 16,705 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 27,655 16,705 10,945 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 20,905 13,435 7,470 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 16,210 10,415 5,795 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 13,640 8,080 5,560 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 35,385 26,440 8,945 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 24,300 17,595 6,705 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 11,085 8,845 2,240 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 512,400 249,865 262,540 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 21,110 9,265 11,850 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 491,285 240,600 250,685 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.5 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,930 30,460 43,475 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 89,435 33,900 55,535 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 81,355 32,780 48,570 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 70,800 34,200 36,605 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 56,380 30,860 25,520 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 37,555 22,770 14,785 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 26,110 17,045 9,065 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 19,520 12,110 7,410 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 36,195 26,480 9,720 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 11,675 7,880 3,800 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 6,845 4,970 1,875 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 17,675 13,630 4,050 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 512,400 249,865 262,535 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 159,425 61,640 97,785 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 352,975 188,225 164,750 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.3 62.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 65,535 36,890 28,645 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 28,060 12,175 15,880 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 45,800 19,585 26,215 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 38,505 16,620 21,885 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 35,875 16,465 19,410 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 30,800 15,365 15,435 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 23,740 13,505 10,235 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 17,970 11,125 6,845 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 15,230 10,075 5,155 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 51,465 36,425 15,040 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 12,195 7,915 4,275 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,510 6,670 4,845 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 27,760 21,845 5,915 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 256,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,788 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,496 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 74,590 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,685 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,700 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 182,115 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,161 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,348 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 256,710 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,423 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,309 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 74,515 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,052 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,577 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 182,190 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,343 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,513 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 256,710 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,820 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,185 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,330 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,285 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,755 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,710 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,665 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,785 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,890 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,410 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,270 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,980 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,115 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,475 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,310 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,720 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,625 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,965 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,525 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,610 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 256,710 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,030 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,260 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,470 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,645 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,195 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,145 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,370 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,005 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,880 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,280 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,550 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,660 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,280 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,960 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,385 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,590 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,365 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,505 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,725 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 177,050 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,660 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,700 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 70,590 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,509 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,528 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,175 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,805 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,191 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,300 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,212 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 176,955 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,098 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,046 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 70,410 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,407 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,463 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,260 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,746 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,759 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,195 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,332 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,424 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,940 44,040 45,895 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,802 33,752 28,778 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,356 30,493 26,867 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 89,890 44,090 45,800 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,106 43,423 36,914 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,254 36,297 32,288 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 615,375 302,705 312,675 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 315,665 150,035 165,630 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 66,275 32,005 34,270 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 64,245 28,450 35,795 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 63,250 29,740 33,510 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 60,925 29,485 31,435 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 60,975 30,355 30,620 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 299,710 152,670 147,040 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 61,105 30,700 30,410 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 61,405 31,050 30,350 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 61,960 31,700 30,260 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 61,185 31,285 29,905 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 54,050 27,935 26,115 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 611,750 300,910 310,840 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 124,740 63,990 60,750 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 37,880 19,455 18,425 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 376,210 185,595 190,610 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 110,800 51,320 59,480 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 97,405 45,110 52,290 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 26,950 13,725 13,225 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 9,510 4,835 4,675 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 57,885 26,940 30,950 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 12,565 4,440 8,125 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.0 16.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 21.6 21.4 21.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 24.9 25.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.4 14.5 16.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.3 8.7 13.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,370 24,445 24,930 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 12,110 6,150 5,960 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 4,380 2,255 2,130 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 34,810 17,305 17,505 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,455 995 1,465 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.1 8.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 615,375 302,705 312,670 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 607,440 299,425 308,020 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 606,945 299,230 307,715 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 53,575 23,770 29,805 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 124,570 61,095 63,475 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 825 330 495 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 750 300 455 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 685 270 415 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 680 270 415 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 50 20 25 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 35 15 25 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 15 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,755 60,765 62,990 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,140 12,155 11,985 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 755 340 420 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 75 30 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 680 305 375 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 23,480 11,855 11,625 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 230 105 125 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 21,140 10,720 10,420 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 555 295 260 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,285 1,570 1,715 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 135 55 80 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 360 185 175 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 180 75 110 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 115 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,100 1,520 1,580 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 300 320 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,495 1,230 1,260 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,575 1,390 2,185 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 15 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 180 75 105 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 40 10 35 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 190 70 120 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 115 80 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,275 1,215 2,060 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 525 220 305 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 380 135 245 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 85 55 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,180 700 480 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 60 45 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 240 135 105 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 670 395 275 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 285 190 95 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 77,310 38,165 39,145 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,380 655 725 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 265 125 140 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 15,685 7,455 8,225 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 150 45 105 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 60 15 45 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 90 30 60 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 15,545 7,420 8,125 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 25 0 25 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 405 205 200 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 155 80 75 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,620 1,275 1,340 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 450 210 235 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,465 740 720 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 4,440 2,045 2,395 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,300 570 725 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 3,800 1,940 1,855 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 120 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,160 500 660 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 90 115 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 830 305 525 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 70 45 25 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 18,495 9,130 9,370 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 170 80 90 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 160 75 85 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,605 1,715 1,895 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 170 85 85 1,655 820 835
German 13,905 7,020 6,885 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 60 40 20 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 135 190 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 10 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 920 410 505 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,970 1,005 970 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,990 6,400 5,580 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 10,805 5,795 5,015 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 905 465 435 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,350 805 545 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,410 1,935 1,470 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 40 15 30 600 300 300
Konkani 25 15 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 125 65 65 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 475 250 225 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,520 1,845 1,675 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 80 50 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,900 2,020 1,880 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,220 645 580 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 200 110 90 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 80 45 35 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 975 515 460 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 29,425 14,550 14,875 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 14,325 7,120 7,205 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 4,190 2,035 2,150 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,715 1,275 1,435 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 8,995 4,545 4,455 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 400 235 165 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 710 360 350 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,560 780 780 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 150 95 50 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 40 25 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 130 65 60 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 140 60 75 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 55 75 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 45 80 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 460 230 235 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 10 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 310 165 145 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 35 20 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 55 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,060 430 635 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 575 220 355 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 495 215 280 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,820 4,225 4,595 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 8,460 4,045 4,425 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,845 1,330 1,515 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 5,415 2,580 2,835 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 275 145 135 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 50 80 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 565 280 280 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 185 185 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 125 60 65 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 280 140 140 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 640 280 360 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 360 180 190 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 370 150 215 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 675 340 330 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 35 30 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 595 295 305 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 25 15 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,340 1,170 1,165 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 35 10 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 150 80 70 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 2,160 1,080 1,080 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 615,375 302,705 312,675 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 587,855 289,560 298,295 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 121,710 62,540 59,170 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 466,140 227,015 239,125 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,525 13,150 14,375 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 615,375 302,705 312,670 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 502,730 248,655 254,075 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 106,830 50,565 56,270 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 41,250 19,730 21,525 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 12,840 5,960 6,880 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 19,790 9,240 10,550 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 20,845 9,785 11,065 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 10,415 4,940 5,475 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,430 4,845 5,590 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,095 5,850 6,245 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,815 3,485 2,330 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 106,830 50,565 56,270 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 13,765 6,760 7,000 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 21,135 10,710 10,420 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 25,520 11,290 14,230 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 38,625 18,235 20,390 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 7,795 3,565 4,230 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 106,830 50,565 56,265 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 20,405 8,665 11,745 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 220 95 130 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 490 230 265 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 965 460 510 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 130 40 90 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 230 65 165 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,060 550 515 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 5,385 2,615 2,770 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 55 15 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 415 190 225 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,305 3,390 5,920 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,140 1,030 1,110 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 44,020 21,470 22,550 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,170 550 620 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 2,110 1,090 1,015 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 450 215 235 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,060 960 1,100 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,045 545 500 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,020 490 530 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 365 170 190 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 7,670 3,935 3,735 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 3,135 1,605 1,530 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,995 1,340 1,655 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,385 1,150 1,235 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,440 1,130 1,315 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 520 240 275 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,730 910 820 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 360 145 220 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,580 4,525 5,055 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,990 2,470 2,515 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,600 2,270 2,330 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 75 45 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 480 250 225 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 250 125 130 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 100 55 45 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 75 35 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 530 295 235 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 365 140 230 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 440 205 235 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,280 1,130 1,145 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 37,575 18,015 19,555 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 110 45 65 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 655 335 325 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,325 1,835 2,490 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 585 285 295 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 4,715 2,490 2,215 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 735 390 345 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 6,455 3,095 3,360 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 75 25 50 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 530 270 255 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 4,670 2,335 2,335 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,295 1,170 1,120 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 3,315 1,290 2,020 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 280 140 140 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,830 900 930 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 300 150 150 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,940 955 985 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 4,775 2,315 2,455 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 230 145 90 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,095 5,850 6,245 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 2,495 1,245 1,250 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 30 10 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 45 0 35 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 30 10 20 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 105 25 80 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 185 120 65 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 650 335 310 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 585 560 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 30 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 250 125 125 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 935 445 490 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 50 35 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 880 400 480
Romania