Census Profile, 2016 Census
South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic South West,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 953,261 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 925,278 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 431,713 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 392,202 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 45.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 20,917.77 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 953,265 466,215 487,050 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 160,035 81,790 78,250 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 51,940 26,565 25,375 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 54,675 27,975 26,700 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 53,420 27,240 26,175 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 613,095 302,905 310,185 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 56,675 28,960 27,715 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 61,995 31,575 30,415 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 57,895 29,000 28,895 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 57,120 28,260 28,860 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 54,775 26,970 27,810 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 55,140 27,170 27,970 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 59,355 29,080 30,275 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 72,215 35,305 36,910 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 72,400 35,010 37,390 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 65,520 31,580 33,935 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 180,135 81,520 98,610 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 58,735 28,185 30,550 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 42,750 20,355 22,395 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 31,315 14,625 16,695 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 23,010 9,930 13,085 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 24,315 8,430 15,885 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 15,100 5,790 9,305 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 7,275 2,205 5,065 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,705 395 1,315 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 235 35 200 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.5 16.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.3 65.0 63.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.9 17.5 20.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.8 40.8 42.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.6 41.2 43.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 392,205 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 259,030 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 38,260 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,470 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,785 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 29,520 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,070 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,215 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 890 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,445 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 392,205 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 111,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 144,490 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 55,515 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 49,995 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,230 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 936,380 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 793,230 384,425 408,800 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 468,085 233,905 234,185 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 394,620 197,245 197,380 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 73,465 36,655 36,805 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 325,140 150,525 174,620 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 203,275 109,990 93,280 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 24,680 10,900 13,775 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 47,405 19,250 28,155 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 49,780 10,385 39,405 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,975 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 144,950 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 53,255 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 47,770 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,005 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,975 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 229,870 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 193,145 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 36,730 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,105 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 32,355 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 8,750 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 229,870 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 120,035 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 109,835 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 41,490 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 44,455 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 23,890 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,105 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 24,915 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 11,770 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,425 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 157,360 74,110 83,255 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 392,205 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 261,720 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 116,465 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 145,250 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,575 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 125,915 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 111,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,940 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 941,460 461,805 479,655 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 879,830 435,790 444,040 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 315 150 170 1,110 530 580
English and French 51,890 21,745 30,140 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 9,435 4,120 5,310 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 941,460 461,805 479,655 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 920,890 452,550 468,340 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 8,965 4,135 4,825 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,420 1,130 1,285 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 9,185 3,985 5,205 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,175 4,700 5,470 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 941,460 461,805 479,655 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 930,115 456,310 473,805 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 799,985 393,330 406,655 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 790,540 388,990 401,550 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,450 4,345 5,105 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 130,130 62,980 67,145 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 390 160 225 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 300 130 170 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 15 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 5 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 275 125 150 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 270 125 145 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 35 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 5 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,735 62,820 66,920 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,630 6,975 6,655 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 280 135 145 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 165 95 75
Somali 245 110 125 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 13,320 6,825 6,495 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 275 145 135 1,140 560 585
Arabic 11,020 5,650 5,370 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,050 525 525 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 150 90 65 1,770 960 805
Maltese 280 145 135 80 40 40
Tigrigna 275 135 135 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,020 1,385 1,635 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 955 445 510 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,065 940 1,125 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,535 925 1,610 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 115 30 85 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 195 90 110 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 160 75 85 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,970 705 1,265 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 115 65 55 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 30 20 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,565 820 740 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 70 40 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 945 475 470 1,750 905 845
Tamil 380 195 185 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 165 100 60 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 90,740 44,160 46,575 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,130 580 550 1,090 560 530
Armenian 115 55 60 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 15,325 7,135 8,185 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 400 175 235 645 280 370
Latvian 145 70 75 320 145 175
Lithuanian 255 105 155 325 130 200
Slavic languages 14,920 6,965 7,955 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 20 10 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 685 345 340 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 85 40 45 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,255 625 630 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 575 275 300 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 120 55 70 250 120 135
Polish 7,000 3,200 3,800 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,630 740 895 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,005 510 490 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 355 170 185 1,145 545 600
Slovak 485 230 260 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 140 185 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,305 600 710 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 80 35 45 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 20 125 65 60
Welsh 40 15 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 39,090 19,020 20,065 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 145 75 75 1,435 730 705
Danish 400 210 190 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 11,120 5,440 5,680 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 235 120 110 80 30 50
German 26,155 12,700 13,450 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 50 20 30 835 410 430
Swedish 120 55 65 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 780 355 425 200 105 95
Yiddish 30 20 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 25 20 15
Greek 2,165 1,085 1,080 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,195 5,275 4,920 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 6,920 3,605 3,315 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 510 260 255 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,050 550 500 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 985 525 460 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 100 55 50 535 280 255
Nepali 735 360 380 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,485 790 695 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 85 40 35 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,790 935 850 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,235 1,645 1,590 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,000 530 475 1,650 875 780
Pashto 200 100 105 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,035 1,020 1,015 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 22,645 10,980 11,670 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 15 125 65 55
Italian 4,235 2,150 2,085 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 7,155 3,445 3,710 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,095 510 585 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 10,125 4,855 5,270 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 395 160 235 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 3,205 1,475 1,730 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 750 365 385 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 40 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 20 5 15 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 10 65 35 30
Igbo 55 30 25 160 90 65
Lingala 25 15 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 25 105 45 55
Shona 45 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 155 70 80 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 70 40 35 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 80 95 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 210 95 120 265 135 135
Dinka 125 55 70 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 275 150 120 620 330 295
American Sign Language 140 75 60 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,585 4,470 5,115 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 9,315 4,330 4,980 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,290 1,080 1,205 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 20 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 6,190 2,850 3,345 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 55 80 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 35 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 285 275 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 135 135 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 35 20 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 215 110 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 490 225 270 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 350 180 175 800 405 400
Thai 140 50 95 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 505 275 225 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 495 275 225
Turkish 380 205 175 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 30 20 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,645 1,240 1,400 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 105 45 55 455 195 260
Finnish 230 95 130 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 2,305 1,095 1,210 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 11,345 5,495 5,850 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,795 790 1,005 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 8,960 4,425 4,535 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 310 155 155 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 280 120 155 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 941,460 461,805 479,655 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 918,060 450,475 467,580 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 858,995 421,985 437,010 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 856,525 420,845 435,680 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,475 1,140 1,330 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 59,060 28,490 30,570 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 95 40 60 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 30 40 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,965 28,450 30,510 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,625 3,760 3,865 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 135 55 80 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 75 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,480 3,700 3,785 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 120 60 60 535 250 290
Arabic 6,360 3,135 3,220 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 340 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 60 35 25 785 400 385
Maltese 25 10 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 110 55 55 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,825 840 985 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 530 240 290 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,295 600 695 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 905 400 505 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 5 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 65 35 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 25 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 330 435 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 10 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 800 420 380 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 15 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 550 280 270 885 450 435
Tamil 160 85 75 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 40 30 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 37,100 17,990 19,105 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 510 245 260 530 255 270
Armenian 40 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,960 2,870 3,090 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 65 25 40 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 50 20 30 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,900 2,845 3,050 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 330 165 170 540 270 270
Bulgarian 45 25 20 925 425 495
Croatian 425 210 215 1,795 840 955
Czech 155 80 75 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,980 1,415 1,570 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 830 410 420 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 445 235 215 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 110 45 60 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 60 25 35
Ukrainian 320 150 170 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 0 10 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 13,955 6,895 7,055 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 65 35 30 520 250 265
Danish 25 15 10 180 90 90
Dutch 1,370 685 685 685 325 365
Frisian 25 15 15 5 5 0
German 12,025 5,940 6,090 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 10 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 360 175 185 5 5 0
Greek 825 390 435 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,865 2,930 2,935 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,880 1,945 1,930 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 275 140 140 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 560 280 280 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 470 245 225 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 50 25 25 245 125 120
Nepali 670 320 345 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 735 375 365 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 30 15 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 40 35 595 290 305
Urdu 995 495 495 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,970 970 1,000 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 615 305 305 1,025 515 505
Pashto 120 55 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 615 630 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 9,930 4,635 5,295 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 970 425 545 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,660 1,205 1,455 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 410 200 210 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,875 2,800 3,080 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 190 95 95 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,380 1,085 1,290 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 190 75 115 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 55 15 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 40 45 105 50 55
Dinka 45 25 25 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 350 210 140 830 460 370
American Sign Language 140 85 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 205 125 80 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,395 2,995 3,405 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 6,220 2,905 3,320 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,305 605 705 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 15 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,450 2,065 2,390 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 35 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 190 165 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 90 85 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 150 80 75 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 230 115 110 1,015 435 580
Lao 170 90 80 335 160 175
Thai 60 30 35 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 235 120 115 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 175 85 90 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 15 10 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 620 280 335 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 20 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 585 270 315 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 23,400 11,330 12,075 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,065 465 595 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 21,770 10,605 11,165 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 110 45 65 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 460 210 250 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 941,460 461,805 479,655 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 866,140 425,890 440,250 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 25,335 12,350 12,980 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 8,115 3,325 4,790 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 40,635 19,660 20,980 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 425 180 245 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 40,210 19,480 20,730 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 230 105 125 965 435 530
English and non-official language 360 190 165 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 635 280 355 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 776,705 378,000 398,700 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 749,125 365,075 384,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,644 40,127 28,495 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 749,325 365,090 384,240 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,648 35,899 26,346 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 674,075 334,710 339,370 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,394 38,763 25,129 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 547,305 246,880 300,430 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,439 4,964 7,073 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,225 285,635 264,590 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,738 37,534 26,956 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 776,795 378,005 398,790 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 748,905 364,830 384,075 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,657 50,839 36,835 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 749,125 364,840 384,285 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,769 41,997 31,806 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 674,020 334,720 339,300 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,919 49,809 34,136 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,485 247,585 299,900 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,110 7,574 8,552 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 550,225 285,215 265,010 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,837 46,875 34,339 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 776,795 378,005 398,790 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 270,225 153,890 116,330 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,902 54,441 45,298 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,665 63,990 51,620 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.5 90.0 81.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.9 72.5 64.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.5 10.0 18.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 776,705 378,005 398,700 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 27,575 12,930 14,650 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 749,125 365,075 384,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.6 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 100,450 43,365 57,085 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 130,770 51,830 78,945 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 109,350 45,350 64,010 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 90,980 41,385 49,595 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 83,370 41,170 42,195 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 62,775 34,340 28,435 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 45,910 27,195 18,715 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 31,955 19,360 12,600 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 23,295 14,155 9,135 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 21,425 12,175 9,245 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 48,835 34,750 14,090 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 33,830 23,435 10,395 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 15,005 11,315 3,690 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 776,705 378,005 398,700 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 27,375 12,915 14,460 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 749,325 365,090 384,240 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,950 44,170 59,775 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 136,770 54,415 82,355 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 126,875 53,675 73,200 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 110,555 52,590 57,965 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 91,740 48,370 43,370 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 60,715 35,505 25,205 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 38,965 23,810 15,155 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 30,165 17,750 12,415 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 49,600 34,815 14,790 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 17,175 11,095 6,080 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 10,035 7,060 2,975 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 22,390 16,650 5,735 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 776,705 378,005 398,700 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 226,480 92,365 134,110 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 550,225 285,640 264,585 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.6 66.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 84,450 42,735 41,715 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 46,660 20,145 26,525 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 73,445 32,745 40,700 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 59,980 26,955 33,025 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 58,715 26,910 31,805 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 56,345 28,555 27,790 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 43,865 25,310 18,560 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 31,780 19,480 12,295 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 22,700 14,190 8,505 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 72,280 48,605 23,670 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 18,155 11,020 7,135 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 17,860 10,165 7,690 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 36,265 27,415 8,845 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 392,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,467 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,063 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 111,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,912 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,770 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 280,235 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,304 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,469 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 392,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,354 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,224 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 111,880 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,552 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,804 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 280,360 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,238 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,561 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 392,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,935 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,665 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,270 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,005 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,220 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 15,985 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,745 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,130 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,920 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,490 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,030 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,890 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,270 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,075 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,790 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 112,780 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 40,470 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,355 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,875 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 19,080 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 392,200 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,345 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,785 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,455 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,715 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,435 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,125 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,460 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,345 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,300 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,560 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,865 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 33,925 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,670 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 26,055 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,105 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 81,060 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,800 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,175 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 24,090 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,635 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,999 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,969 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,380 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,604 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,688 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,730 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,077 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,392 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,600 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,836 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,558 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,755 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,076 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,147 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,520 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,388 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,708 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,770 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,830 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,243 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,625 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,041 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,020 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 142,100 67,555 74,550 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,607 32,444 29,270 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,118 29,412 27,218 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 141,760 67,675 74,085 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,200 42,723 37,896 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,182 35,603 32,883 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 936,380 459,615 476,765 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 485,150 232,135 253,010 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 95,010 46,065 48,945 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 96,805 43,595 53,210 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 99,685 47,415 52,275 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 96,920 47,210 49,715 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 96,725 47,850 48,870 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 451,230 227,475 223,755 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 97,355 48,520 48,830 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 95,820 47,980 47,845 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 94,475 47,740 46,735 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 89,850 45,400 44,450 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 73,735 37,840 35,890 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 934,570 458,730 475,840 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 192,165 98,275 93,895 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 62,260 31,840 30,420 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 574,550 282,710 291,840 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 167,850 77,750 90,105 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 140,135 65,195 74,940 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 37,290 19,010 18,275 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 13,560 6,935 6,625 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 83,000 38,895 44,105 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 19,845 7,285 12,560 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.0 14.2 15.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 21.8 21.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.8 9.4 13.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 68,900 33,990 34,910 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 15,925 8,115 7,810 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 5,910 3,030 2,885 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 49,800 24,535 25,265 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 3,175 1,340 1,840 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.4 7.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.7 8.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.7 2.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 936,390 459,585 476,800 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 927,070 455,760 471,310 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 926,680 455,565 471,110 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 51,890 21,560 30,330 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 159,680 77,230 82,450 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 800 305 495 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 585 240 345 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 20 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 535 220 320 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 530 220 315 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 15 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 160 50 110 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 10 10 0
Oneida 130 45 85 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 15 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 158,895 76,930 81,960 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,720 9,135 8,585 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 460 205 255 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 25 10 15 190 110 80
Somali 405 175 225 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 10 0 10
Semitic languages 17,230 8,910 8,315 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 425 220 205 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,965 7,770 7,195 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,390 690 695 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 120 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 395 225 175 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 345 165 180 165 90 80
Tigrigna 430 210 230 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,075 1,920 2,160 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,310 640 665 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,780 1,295 1,485 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,405 1,295 2,110 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 20 0 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 175 45 130 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 60 20 40 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 275 105 175 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 245 125 120 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,980 1,095 1,885 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 315 175 140 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 45 25 25 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 50 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 105 70 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,035 1,000 1,035 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 160 80 80 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,185 570 615 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 660 335 325 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 215 115 105 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 10 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 112,265 54,355 57,910 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,285 645 640 1,135 580 555
Armenian 175 75 105 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 17,635 8,555 9,075 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 440 225 215 635 310 325
Latvian 215 115 100 310 175 140
Lithuanian 225 105 120 325 135 185
Slavic languages 17,220 8,345 8,875 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 90 40 45 205 95 110
Bosnian 990 545 445 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 105 40 65 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,750 880 870 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 715 360 350 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 225 100 120 345 180 160
Polish 8,005 3,825 4,180 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,720 1,300 1,420 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,595 830 765 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 505 230 275 1,240 595 645
Slovak 595 275 315 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 165 200 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,430 640 790 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 250 120 125
Celtic languages 250 110 135 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 110 40 70 350 225 120
Welsh 75 30 40 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 45,255 21,925 23,325 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 305 160 150 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 480 225 255 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 13,375 6,410 6,965 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 295 160 135 120 55 65
German 30,495 14,820 15,675 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 115 60 50 1,405 730 680
Swedish 275 140 130 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 870 450 420 220 125 100
Yiddish 35 25 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,730 885 845 75 40 30
Greek 3,365 1,760 1,605 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 13,070 6,570 6,500 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 9,650 4,905 4,745 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 625 305 320 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,390 745 645 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,820 2,020 1,795 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 20 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 130 70 60 1,275 650 625
Nepali 870 425 445 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,545 1,360 1,185 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 150 65 85 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 70 105 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,935 1,470 1,470 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,535 1,730 1,810 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,040 540 505 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 290 160 130 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,380 1,120 1,260 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 34,255 16,450 17,805 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 10 15 245 125 120
Italian 6,495 3,240 3,255 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 9,360 4,565 4,795 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,350 645 705 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 18,050 8,455 9,595 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 220 130 85
Japanese 1,100 535 565 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 3,545 1,690 1,850 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,490 820 670 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 180 90 90 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 20 95 60 35
Ganda 30 20 15 105 60 45
Igbo 100 55 45 240 140 95
Lingala 95 50 40 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 210 95 115
Shona 70 40 30 265 125 140
Swahili 425 215 210 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 265 160 105 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 380 210 170 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 245 130 115 300 150 150
Dinka 50 25 25 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 95 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,645 675 975 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 775 290 485 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 895 400 495 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,155 4,845 5,305 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 9,900 4,710 5,185 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,825 1,325 1,500 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 40 20 25 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 7,255 3,400 3,850 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 55 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 535 275 255 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 260 140 120 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 40 25 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 155 80 70 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 610 285 330 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 460 225 230 1,125 505 620
Thai 235 90 145 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 765 425 340 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 65 55 835 455 385
Turkish 585 330 260 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 70 45 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,040 1,450 1,590 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 125 75 50 495 205 295
Finnish 255 130 120 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,665 1,245 1,425 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 936,390 459,585 476,800 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 899,265 441,590 457,675 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 187,455 95,780 91,675 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 711,810 345,810 366,000 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,125 18,000 19,130 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 936,390 459,585 476,800 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 790,500 389,020 401,480 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 136,515 65,680 70,835 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 56,995 27,360 29,630 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 18,240 8,810 9,425 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 21,230 10,340 10,885 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 25,440 12,135 13,305 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 12,215 5,800 6,420 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 13,220 6,335 6,890 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,610 7,030 7,580 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,380 4,890 4,490 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 136,515 65,675 70,835 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 18,800 9,415 9,380 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 30,505 15,540 14,965 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 31,140 14,085 17,055 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 48,020 22,830 25,195 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,045 3,805 4,240 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 136,510 65,675 70,835 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 27,020 12,615 14,400 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 410 200 210 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,585 1,615 1,970 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,710 820 895 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 645 295 350 920 415 500
Haiti 135 70 65 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,580 850 730 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 6,815 3,315 3,500 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 190 80 110 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 885 445 440 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,385 3,105 4,280 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,675 1,830 1,850 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 66,825 32,500 34,325 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,285 670 610 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,215 595 625 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 455 215 240 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,165 2,525 2,640 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,435 755 680 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,405 700 710 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 985 525 465 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,095 1,645 1,445 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 9,925 5,035 4,885 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 5,535 2,520 3,010 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 5,500 2,760 2,735 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,415 665 750 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 665 290 375 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 750 385 365 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 795 320 475 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,565 9,615 10,945 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 6,650 3,275 3,370 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 6,190 3,155 3,035 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 45 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,165 610 555 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 355 180 175 1,665 835 825
Kenya 345 155 185 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 45 20 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 390 200 190 1,205 630 575
Somalia 230 120 115 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 695 395 305 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,865 1,425 1,440 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 35,940 17,100 18,835 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 615 305 315 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 380 190 195 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,360 1,895 2,465 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 780 380 405 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 4,585 2,305 2,280 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,260 600 660 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,820 1,425 1,400 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 300 90 205 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,440 1,145 1,295 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,845 965 880 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,825 930 895 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,995 1,080 1,915 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 280 130 155 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,220 1,100 1,120 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 185 75 110 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 2,015 900 1,115 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,035 3,595 3,435 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 540 310 230 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,615 7,030 7,585 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 3,375 1,565 1,810 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 50 25 25 960 445 520
Colombia 645 245 400 465 220 240
Cuba 105 50 50 70 35 30
Haiti 65 35 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 195 125 70 160 115 45
Mexico 880 450 435 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 375 470 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 90 40 50 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 515 225 285 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,365 740 630 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 45 20 25 790 415 370
Germany 95 50 45 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 65