Census Profile, 2016 Census
South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic South West,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : South West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 953,261 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 925,278 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 431,713 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 392,202 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 45.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 20,917.77 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 953,265 466,215 487,050 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 160,035 81,790 78,250 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 51,940 26,565 25,375 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 54,675 27,975 26,700 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 53,420 27,240 26,175 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 613,095 302,905 310,185 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 56,675 28,960 27,715 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 61,995 31,575 30,415 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 57,895 29,000 28,895 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 57,120 28,260 28,860 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 54,775 26,970 27,810 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 55,140 27,170 27,970 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 59,355 29,080 30,275 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 72,215 35,305 36,910 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 72,400 35,010 37,390 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 65,520 31,580 33,935 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 180,135 81,520 98,610 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 58,735 28,185 30,550 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 42,750 20,355 22,395 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 31,315 14,625 16,695 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 23,010 9,930 13,085 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 24,315 8,430 15,885 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 15,100 5,790 9,305 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 7,275 2,205 5,065 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,705 395 1,315 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 235 35 200 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.5 16.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.3 65.0 63.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.9 17.5 20.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.8 40.8 42.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.6 41.2 43.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 392,205 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 259,030 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 38,260 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,470 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,785 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 29,520 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,070 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,215 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 890 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,445 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 392,205 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 111,970 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 144,490 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 55,515 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 49,995 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,230 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 936,380 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 793,230 384,425 408,800 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 468,085 233,905 234,185 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 394,620 197,245 197,380 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 73,465 36,655 36,805 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 325,140 150,525 174,620 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 203,275 109,990 93,280 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 24,680 10,900 13,775 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 47,405 19,250 28,155 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 49,780 10,385 39,405 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,975 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 144,950 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 53,255 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 47,770 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,005 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,975 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 229,870 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 193,145 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 36,730 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,105 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 32,355 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 8,750 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 229,870 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 120,035 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 109,835 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 41,490 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 44,455 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 23,890 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,105 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 24,915 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 11,770 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,425 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 157,360 74,110 83,255 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 392,205 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 261,720 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 116,465 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 145,250 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,575 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 125,915 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 111,970 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,940 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 941,460 461,805 479,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 879,830 435,790 444,040 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 315 150 170 1,810 820 985
English and French 51,890 21,745 30,140 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 9,435 4,120 5,310 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 941,460 461,805 479,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 920,890 452,550 468,340 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 8,965 4,135 4,825 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,420 1,130 1,285 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 9,185 3,985 5,205 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,175 4,700 5,470 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 941,460 461,805 479,655 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 930,115 456,310 473,805 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 799,985 393,330 406,655 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 790,540 388,990 401,550 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,450 4,345 5,105 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 130,130 62,980 67,145 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 390 160 225 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 300 130 170 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 5 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 275 125 150 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 270 125 145 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 5 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 5 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 50 15 35 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 5 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,735 62,820 66,920 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,630 6,975 6,655 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 280 135 145 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 205 115 95
Somali 245 110 125 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 13,320 6,825 6,495 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 275 145 135 1,370 670 700
Arabic 11,020 5,650 5,370 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,050 525 525 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 245 200
Harari 0 5 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 150 90 65 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 280 145 135 215 100 115
Tigrigna 275 135 135 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,020 1,385 1,635 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 955 445 510 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,065 940 1,125 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,535 925 1,610 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 115 30 85 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 195 90 110 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 160 75 85 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,970 705 1,265 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 115 65 55 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 30 20 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,565 820 740 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 70 40 25 280 150 135
Malayalam 945 475 470 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 380 195 185 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 165 100 60 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 90,740 44,160 46,575 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,130 580 550 1,465 765 705
Armenian 115 55 60 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 15,325 7,135 8,185 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 400 175 235 1,070 485 585
Latvian 145 70 75 565 255 300
Lithuanian 255 105 155 505 225 280
Slavic languages 14,920 6,965 7,955 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 20 10 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 685 345 340 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 85 40 45 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,255 625 630 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 575 275 300 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 120 55 70 325 160 165
Polish 7,000 3,200 3,800 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,630 740 895 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,005 510 490 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 355 170 185 1,395 670 725
Slovak 485 230 260 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 140 185 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,305 600 710 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 345 175 170
Celtic languages 80 35 45 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 20 240 130 110
Welsh 40 15 20 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 39,090 19,020 20,065 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 145 75 75 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 400 210 190 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 11,120 5,440 5,680 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 235 120 110 295 145 145
German 26,155 12,700 13,450 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 20 30 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 120 55 65 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 780 355 425 445 220 225
Yiddish 30 20 15 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 65 45 25
Greek 2,165 1,085 1,080 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 10,195 5,275 4,920 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 6,920 3,605 3,315 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 510 260 255 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,050 550 500 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 985 525 460 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 30 15 15 255 130 125
Marathi 100 55 50 620 325 295
Nepali 735 360 380 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,485 790 695 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 85 40 35 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,790 935 850 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 3,235 1,645 1,590 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,000 530 475 1,765 945 825
Pashto 200 100 105 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 2,035 1,020 1,015 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 22,645 10,980 11,670 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 20 10 15 160 85 75
Italian 4,235 2,150 2,085 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 7,155 3,445 3,710 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,095 510 585 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 10,125 4,855 5,270 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 395 160 235 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 3,205 1,475 1,730 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 750 365 385 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 75 40 40 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 15 5 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 20 5 15 45 20 25
Ganda 20 10 10 90 45 45
Igbo 55 30 25 245 145 105
Lingala 25 15 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 25 155 70 80
Shona 45 20 25 215 100 115
Swahili 155 70 80 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 70 40 35 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 80 95 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 210 95 120 340 175 165
Dinka 125 55 70 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 240 115 125
Sign languages 275 150 120 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 140 75 60 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,585 4,470 5,115 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 9,315 4,330 4,980 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,290 1,080 1,205 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 20 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 6,190 2,850 3,345 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 55 80 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 35 60 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 285 275 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 135 135 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 35 20 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 215 110 100 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 490 225 270 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 350 180 175 1,100 550 550
Thai 140 50 95 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 505 275 225 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 530 290 235
Turkish 380 205 175 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 30 20 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 190 80 110
Uralic languages 2,645 1,240 1,400 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 105 45 55 705 295 410
Finnish 230 95 130 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 2,305 1,095 1,210 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 500 280 225
Multiple responses 11,345 5,495 5,850 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,795 790 1,005 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 8,960 4,425 4,535 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 310 155 155 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 280 120 155 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 941,460 461,805 479,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 918,060 450,475 467,580 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 858,995 421,985 437,010 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 856,525 420,845 435,680 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,475 1,140 1,330 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 59,060 28,490 30,570 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 95 40 60 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 30 40 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,965 28,450 30,510 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,625 3,760 3,865 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 135 55 80 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 120 50 75 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 7,480 3,700 3,785 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 120 60 60 600 275 320
Arabic 6,360 3,135 3,220 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 340 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 60 35 25 900 465 440
Maltese 25 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 110 55 55 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,825 840 985 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 530 240 290 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,295 600 695 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 905 400 505 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 5 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 65 35 35 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 45 25 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 330 435 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 25 10 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 800 420 380 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 15 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 550 280 270 1,225 615 605
Tamil 160 85 75 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 65 40 30 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 37,100 17,990 19,105 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 510 245 260 695 335 360
Armenian 40 15 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,960 2,870 3,090 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 65 25 40 210 90 115
Latvian 15 5 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 50 20 30 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,900 2,845 3,050 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 330 165 170 595 300 300
Bulgarian 45 25 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 425 210 215 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 155 80 75 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 35 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 2,980 1,415 1,570 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 830 410 420 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 445 235 215 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 500 235 265
Slovak 110 45 60 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 145 65 85
Ukrainian 320 150 170 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 0 10 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 13,955 6,895 7,055 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 65 35 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 15 10 305 145 160
Dutch 1,370 685 685 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 25 15 15 10 5 5
German 12,025 5,940 6,090 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 10 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 360 175 185 15 5 5
Greek 825 390 435 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,865 2,930 2,935 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,880 1,945 1,930 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 275 140 140 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 560 280 280 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 470 245 225 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 50 25 25 270 140 130
Nepali 670 320 345 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 735 375 365 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 30 15 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 40 35 675 330 340
Urdu 995 495 495 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,970 970 1,000 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 615 305 305 1,080 540 535
Pashto 120 55 60 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 615 630 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 9,930 4,635 5,295 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 5 5 65 35 35
Italian 970 425 545 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,660 1,205 1,455 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 410 200 210 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,875 2,800 3,080 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 190 95 95 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 2,380 1,085 1,290 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 190 75 115 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 5 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 55 15 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 40 45 140 60 75
Dinka 45 25 25 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 350 210 140 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 140 85 60 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 205 125 80 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,395 2,995 3,405 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 6,220 2,905 3,320 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,305 605 705 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 15 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,450 2,065 2,390 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 35 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 190 165 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 90 85 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 150 80 75 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 230 115 110 1,380 595 785
Lao 170 90 80 460 225 235
Thai 60 30 35 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 235 120 115 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 175 85 90 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 15 10 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 620 280 335 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 20 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 585 270 315 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 23,400 11,330 12,075 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,065 465 595 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 21,770 10,605 11,165 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 110 45 65 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 460 210 250 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 941,460 461,805 479,655 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 866,140 425,890 440,250 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 25,335 12,350 12,980 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 8,115 3,325 4,790 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 40,635 19,660 20,980 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 425 180 245 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 40,210 19,480 20,730 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 230 105 125 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 360 190 165 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 635 280 355 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 776,705 378,000 398,700 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 749,125 365,075 384,050 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,644 40,127 28,495 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 749,325 365,090 384,240 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,648 35,899 26,346 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 674,075 334,710 339,370 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,394 38,763 25,129 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 547,305 246,880 300,430 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,439 4,964 7,073 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,225 285,635 264,590 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,738 37,534 26,956 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 776,795 378,005 398,790 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 748,905 364,830 384,075 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,657 50,839 36,835 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 749,125 364,840 384,285 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,769 41,997 31,806 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 674,020 334,720 339,300 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,919 49,809 34,136 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 547,485 247,585 299,900 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,110 7,574 8,552 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 550,225 285,215 265,010 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,837 46,875 34,339 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 776,795 378,005 398,790 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 270,225 153,890 116,330 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,902 54,441 45,298 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,665 63,990 51,620 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.5 90.0 81.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.9 72.5 64.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.5 10.0 18.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 776,705 378,005 398,700 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 27,575 12,930 14,650 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 749,125 365,075 384,050 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.6 96.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 100,450 43,365 57,085 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 130,770 51,830 78,945 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 109,350 45,350 64,010 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 90,980 41,385 49,595 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 83,370 41,170 42,195 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 62,775 34,340 28,435 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 45,910 27,195 18,715 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 31,955 19,360 12,600 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 23,295 14,155 9,135 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 21,425 12,175 9,245 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 48,835 34,750 14,090 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 33,830 23,435 10,395 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 15,005 11,315 3,690 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 776,705 378,005 398,700 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 27,375 12,915 14,460 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 749,325 365,090 384,240 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,950 44,170 59,775 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 136,770 54,415 82,355 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 126,875 53,675 73,200 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 110,555 52,590 57,965 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 91,740 48,370 43,370 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 60,715 35,505 25,205 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 38,965 23,810 15,155 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 30,165 17,750 12,415 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 49,600 34,815 14,790 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 17,175 11,095 6,080 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 10,035 7,060 2,975 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 22,390 16,650 5,735 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 776,705 378,005 398,700 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 226,480 92,365 134,110 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 550,225 285,640 264,585 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.6 66.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 84,450 42,735 41,715 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 46,660 20,145 26,525 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 73,445 32,745 40,700 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 59,980 26,955 33,025 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 58,715 26,910 31,805 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 56,345 28,555 27,790 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 43,865 25,310 18,560 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 31,780 19,480 12,295 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 22,700 14,190 8,505 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 72,280 48,605 23,670 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 18,155 11,020 7,135 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 17,860 10,165 7,690 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 36,265 27,415 8,845 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 392,200 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,467 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,063 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 111,970 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,912 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,770 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 280,235 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,304 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,469 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 392,235 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,354 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,224 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 111,880 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,552 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,804 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 280,360 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,238 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,561 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 392,200 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,935 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,665 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,270 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,005 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,220 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 15,985 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,745 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,130 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,920 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,490 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,030 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,890 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,270 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,075 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,790 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 112,780 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 40,470 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,355 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,875 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 19,080 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 392,200 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,345 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,785 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,455 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,715 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,435 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,125 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,460 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,345 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,300 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,560 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,865 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 33,925 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,670 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 26,055 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,105 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 81,060 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,800 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,175 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 24,090 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,635 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,999 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,969 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,380 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,604 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,688 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,730 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,077 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,392 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,600 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,836 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,558 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,755 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,076 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,147 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,520 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,388 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,708 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,770 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,830 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,243 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,625 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,041 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,020 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 142,100 67,555 74,550 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,607 32,444 29,270 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,118 29,412 27,218 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 141,760 67,675 74,085 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,200 42,723 37,896 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,182 35,603 32,883 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 936,380 459,615 476,765 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 485,150 232,135 253,010 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 95,010 46,065 48,945 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 96,805 43,595 53,210 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 99,685 47,415 52,275 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 96,920 47,210 49,715 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 96,725 47,850 48,870 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 451,230 227,475 223,755 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 97,355 48,520 48,830 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 95,820 47,980 47,845 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 94,475 47,740 46,735 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 89,850 45,400 44,450 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 73,735 37,840 35,890 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 934,570 458,730 475,840 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 192,165 98,275 93,895 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 62,260 31,840 30,420 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 574,550 282,710 291,840 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 167,850 77,750 90,105 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 140,135 65,195 74,940 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 37,290 19,010 18,275 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 13,560 6,935 6,625 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 83,000 38,895 44,105 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 19,845 7,285 12,560 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.0 14.2 15.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 21.8 21.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.8 9.4 13.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 68,900 33,990 34,910 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 15,925 8,115 7,810 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 5,910 3,030 2,885 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 49,800 24,535 25,265 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 3,175 1,340 1,840 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.4 7.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.7 8.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.7 2.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 936,390 459,585 476,800 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 927,070 455,760 471,310 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 926,680 455,565 471,110 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 51,890 21,560 30,330 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 159,680 77,230 82,450 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 800 305 495 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 585 240 345 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 535 220 320 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 530 220 315 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 10 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 20 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 20 0 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 160 50 110 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 25 10 15
Oneida 130 45 85 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 15 10 15 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 158,895 76,930 81,960 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,720 9,135 8,585 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 460 205 255 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 25 10 15 245 140 110
Somali 405 175 225 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 10 0 10
Semitic languages 17,230 8,910 8,315 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 425 220 205 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 14,965 7,770 7,195 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,390 690 695 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 120 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 395 225 175 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 345 165 180 315 155 155
Tigrigna 430 210 230 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 45 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,075 1,920 2,160 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,310 640 665 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,780 1,295 1,485 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 3,405 1,295 2,110 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 20 0 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 175 45 130 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 60 20 40 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 275 105 175 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 245 125 120 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,980 1,095 1,885 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 315 175 140 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 45 25 25 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 50 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 105 70 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,035 1,000 1,035 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 160 80 80 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,185 570 615 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 660 335 325 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 215 115 105 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 112,265 54,355 57,910 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,285 645 640 1,640 840 795
Armenian 175 75 105 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 17,635 8,555 9,075 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 440 225 215 1,030 515 520
Latvian 215 115 100 555 290 265
Lithuanian 225 105 120 475 220 250
Slavic languages 17,220 8,345 8,875 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 90 40 45 245 115 125
Bosnian 990 545 445 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 105 40 65 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,750 880 870 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 715 360 350 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 225 100 120 400 220 185
Polish 8,005 3,825 4,180 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,720 1,300 1,420 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,595 830 765 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 505 230 275 1,525 770 750
Slovak 595 275 315 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 165 200 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,430 640 790 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 420 215 205
Celtic languages 250 110 135 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 110 40 70 660 395 265
Welsh 75 30 40 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 860 450 410
Germanic languages 45,255 21,925 23,325 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 305 160 150 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 480 225 255 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 13,375 6,410 6,965 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 295 160 135 465 230 240
German 30,495 14,820 15,675 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 115 60 50 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 275 140 130 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 870 450 420 545 270 275
Yiddish 35 25 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,730 885 845 155 95 60
Greek 3,365 1,760 1,605 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 13,070 6,570 6,500 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 9,650 4,905 4,745 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 625 305 320 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,390 745 645 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,820 2,020 1,795 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 20 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 130 70 60 1,475 780 695
Nepali 870 425 445 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,545 1,360 1,185 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 150 65 85 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 70 105 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 2,935 1,470 1,470 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 3,535 1,730 1,810 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,040 540 505 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 290 160 130 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,380 1,120 1,260 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 34,255 16,450 17,805 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 10 15 395 210 180
Italian 6,495 3,240 3,255 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 9,360 4,565 4,795 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,350 645 705 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 18,050 8,455 9,595 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 380 245 140
Japanese 1,100 535 565 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 3,545 1,690 1,850 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,490 820 670 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 180 90 90 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 20 0 20 150 95 50
Ganda 30 20 15 165 80 85
Igbo 100 55 45 425 240 185
Lingala 95 50 40 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 15 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 290 125 165
Shona 70 40 30 415 220 195
Swahili 425 215 210 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 265 160 105 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 380 210 170 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 245 130 115 405 210 200
Dinka 50 25 25 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 95 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,645 675 975 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 775 290 485 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 895 400 495 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,155 4,845 5,305 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 9,900 4,710 5,185 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,825 1,325 1,500 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 40 20 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 7,255 3,400 3,850 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 55 105 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 110 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 535 275 255 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 260 140 120 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 65 40 25 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 155 80 70 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 610 285 330 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 460 225 230 1,630 735 890
Thai 235 90 145 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 765 425 340 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 110 65 55 945 510 435
Turkish 585 330 260 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 70 45 20 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 3,040 1,450 1,590 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 125 75 50 780 350 425
Finnish 255 130 120 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 2,665 1,245 1,425 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 936,390 459,585 476,800 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 899,265 441,590 457,675 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 187,455 95,780 91,675 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 711,810 345,810 366,000 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,125 18,000 19,130 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 936,390 459,585 476,800 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 790,500 389,020 401,480 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 136,515 65,680 70,835 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 56,995 27,360 29,630 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 18,240 8,810 9,425 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 21,230 10,340 10,885 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 25,440 12,135 13,305 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 12,215 5,800 6,420 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 13,220 6,335 6,890 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,610 7,030 7,580 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,380 4,890 4,490 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 136,515 65,675 70,835 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 18,800 9,415 9,380 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 30,505 15,540 14,965 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 31,140 14,085 17,055 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 48,020 22,830 25,195 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,045 3,805 4,240 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 136,510 65,675 70,835 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 27,020 12,615 14,400 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 410 200 210 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,585 1,615 1,970 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,710 820 895 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 645 295 350 1,305 600 710
Haiti 135 70 65 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,580 850 730 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 6,815 3,315 3,500 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 190 80 110 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 885 445 440 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,385 3,105 4,280 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,675 1,830 1,850 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 66,825 32,500 34,325 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,285 670 610 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,215 595 625 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 455 215 240 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 5,165 2,525 2,640 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,435 755 680 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,405 700 710 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 985 525 465 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 3,095 1,645 1,445 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 9,925 5,035 4,885 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 5,535 2,520 3,010 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 5,500 2,760 2,735 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,415 665 750 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 665 290 375 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 750 385 365 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 795 320 475 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,565 9,615 10,945 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 6,650 3,275 3,370 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 6,190 3,155 3,035 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 85 45 40 485 310 175
Egypt 1,165 610 555 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 355 180 175 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 345 155 185 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 45 20 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 390 200 190 1,740 925 815
Somalia 230 120 115 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 695 395 305 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,865 1,425 1,440 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 35,940 17,100 18,835 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 615 305 315 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 380 190 195 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,360 1,895 2,465 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 780 380 405 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 4,585 2,305 2,280 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,260 600 660 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,820 1,425 1,400 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 300 90 205 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,440 1,145 1,295 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,845 965 880 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,825 930 895 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,995 1,080 1,915 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 280 130 155 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,220 1,100 1,120 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 185 75 110 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 2,015 900 1,115 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 7,035 3,595 3,435 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 540 310 230 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,615 7,030 7,585 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 3,375 1,565 1,810 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 50 25 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 645 245 400 580 250 325
Cuba 105 50 50 140 60 80
Haiti 65 35 25 35 35 10
Jamaica 195 125 70 625 355 265
Mexico 880 450 435 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 375 470 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 90 40 50 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 515 225 285 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,365 740 630 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 45 20 25 970 510 460
Germany 95 50 45 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 65 25 40 690 310 380
Russian Federation