Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo Wellington,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 766,109 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 723,453 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 308,485 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 292,140 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 161.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,751.48 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 766,115 378,085 388,025 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 136,140 69,815 66,330 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 43,605 22,395 21,210 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 46,475 23,820 22,655 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 46,060 23,600 22,465 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 515,790 256,680 259,105 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 48,365 24,745 23,615 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 55,700 28,815 26,885 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 52,190 26,325 25,870 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 51,000 25,185 25,810 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 49,000 24,125 24,880 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 50,445 24,720 25,725 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 53,105 26,165 26,940 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 58,355 28,930 29,425 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 53,180 26,165 27,015 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 44,440 21,505 22,935 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 114,180 51,590 62,585 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 37,520 17,910 19,615 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 26,870 12,590 14,280 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 19,690 9,070 10,615 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 14,610 6,445 8,165 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 15,480 5,575 9,905 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 9,900 3,830 6,075 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,525 1,525 3,000 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 935 210 725 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 120 15 105 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.3 67.9 66.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.9 13.6 16.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.4 38.5 40.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.0 37.9 40.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 292,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 169,915 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 27,620 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 93,875 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 16,410 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 30,940 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,715 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,280 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 525 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 730 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 292,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 71,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 98,395 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 47,595 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 47,140 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,885 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 754,960 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 629,965 308,270 321,695 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 371,025 185,345 185,680 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 314,710 157,230 157,475 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 56,315 28,105 28,205 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 258,940 122,930 136,010 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 174,055 94,695 79,360 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 18,365 7,895 10,470 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 34,345 13,500 20,840 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 32,180 6,835 25,345 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 215,060 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 102,525 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 46,510 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 45,580 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,445 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 215,065 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 182,085 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 153,940 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,150 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 32,975 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 26,105 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,875 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 182,090 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 83,125 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 98,960 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 36,580 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 42,835 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 19,550 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 32,980 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 19,400 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 9,935 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,640 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 116,625 57,335 59,285 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 292,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 202,475 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 77,955 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 124,520 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,180 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 83,485 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 71,125 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,355 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 758,220 375,035 383,190 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 694,045 347,790 346,255 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 305 125 180 1,110 530 580
English and French 51,985 22,215 29,775 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 11,880 4,910 6,975 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 758,220 375,030 383,185 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 734,975 364,780 370,195 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 8,325 3,895 4,430 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 3,250 1,545 1,705 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 11,670 4,815 6,855 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,955 4,665 5,280 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 758,215 375,030 383,190 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 745,065 368,630 376,435 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 583,230 289,615 293,615 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 574,755 285,625 289,135 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 8,475 3,995 4,480 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 161,835 79,010 82,820 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 45 15 25 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 35 10 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 161,790 78,995 82,795 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,435 5,875 5,565 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 15 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 25 10 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,295 625 665 1,355 675 680
Bilen 115 65 50 5 0 0
Oromo 90 45 45 165 95 75
Somali 1,050 500 555 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 10 5 5
Semitic languages 10,105 5,225 4,880 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 995 495 500 1,140 560 585
Arabic 7,395 3,850 3,545 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 290 150 140 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 10 25 10 15
Hebrew 145 80 65 1,770 960 805
Maltese 135 65 70 80 40 40
Tigrigna 1,055 550 510 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,820 2,785 3,030 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 410 190 220 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 5,410 2,600 2,810 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 4,210 1,640 2,580 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 15 10 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 195 65 130 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 80 20 55 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 185 70 115 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 240 100 145 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,330 2,070 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 830 360 470
Creole languages 180 90 85 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 85 35 50 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,375 1,255 1,120 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 125 70 55 225 115 110
Malayalam 800 415 380 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,090 570 520 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 350 195 155 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 255 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 110,280 54,065 56,215 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,045 540 505 1,090 560 530
Armenian 735 360 375 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 22,315 10,655 11,665 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 270 135 135 645 280 370
Latvian 125 65 60 320 145 175
Lithuanian 145 70 75 325 130 200
Slavic languages 22,045 10,520 11,525 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 15 60 30 30
Bosnian 610 305 300 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 180 90 85 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,415 1,220 1,195 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 920 425 495 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 305 140 160 250 120 135
Polish 6,970 3,245 3,730 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,125 965 1,160 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5,610 2,815 2,795 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 585 275 305 1,145 545 600
Slovak 675 305 370 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 335 165 175 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,080 460 620 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 220 105 115 180 90 90
Celtic languages 55 30 30 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 5 125 65 60
Welsh 30 15 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 27,930 13,585 14,345 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 160 85 70 1,435 730 705
Danish 320 160 165 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 4,475 2,190 2,280 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 105 50 55 80 30 50
German 22,570 10,955 11,615 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 10 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 40 15 25 835 410 430
Swedish 115 55 55 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,625 810 810 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 25,175 12,935 12,235 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 18,495 9,510 8,985 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,215 660 560 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 3,450 1,770 1,680 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,955 1,055 905 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 55 35 20 225 110 110
Marathi 205 100 100 535 280 255
Nepali 540 275 265 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 45 20 25 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,530 3,290 3,240 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 275 130 140 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 200 195 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,840 1,990 1,855 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 6,450 3,310 3,135 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 720 390 325 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,175 620 560 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 4,555 2,305 2,250 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 31,405 15,145 16,260 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 4,685 2,375 2,310 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 10,635 5,085 5,550 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 5,965 2,895 3,070 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 10,100 4,785 5,315 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 580 225 355 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 15 10 10 65 40 25
Korean 2,415 1,155 1,260 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 10 5 10 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 840 405 440 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 90 50 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 25 15 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 15 10 10 65 35 30
Igbo 40 25 15 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25 105 45 55
Shona 110 45 60 150 70 85
Swahili 180 80 100 585 285 295
Wolof 10 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 110 65 50 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 70 95 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 160 165 265 135 135
Dinka 10 10 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 150 160 190 85 100
Sign languages 175 90 90 620 330 295
American Sign Language 95 45 55 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 45 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,745 8,165 8,580 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 16,365 7,965 8,405 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,430 1,655 1,780 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 100 45 50 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 11,525 5,600 5,920 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 380 190 190 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 135 60 75 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 395 380 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 380 200 175 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 75 70 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 125 65 60 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,385 630 755 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,180 550 630 800 405 400
Thai 205 75 130 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,345 665 675 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 75 40 30 495 275 225
Turkish 850 430 425 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 5 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 355 165 185 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,090 1,510 1,585 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 140 65 75 455 195 260
Finnish 235 110 120 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 2,720 1,335 1,380 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 13,155 6,400 6,750 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,770 825 945 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 10,800 5,295 5,500 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 285 135 150 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 305 145 155 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 758,220 375,030 383,190 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 728,430 360,460 367,970 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 645,170 319,950 325,225 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 642,815 318,890 323,925 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,355 1,060 1,295 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 83,260 40,515 42,750 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 83,255 40,505 42,745 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,255 3,595 3,655 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 10 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 10 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 830 380 450 695 315 380
Bilen 95 50 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 35 80 40 35
Somali 670 305 365 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 6,405 3,200 3,200 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 655 320 340 535 250 290
Arabic 4,690 2,360 2,335 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 90 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 15 305 160 145
Harari 10 0 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 70 35 40 785 400 385
Maltese 20 15 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 730 370 360 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,850 1,835 2,015 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 95 120 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,630 1,740 1,890 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,615 720 895 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 55 25 30 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 355 150 205
Ilocano 45 20 30 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 75 35 40 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,390 620 770 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 90 45 45 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,290 665 620 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 60 30 30 95 45 50
Malayalam 455 240 215 885 450 435
Tamil 590 295 290 1,935 965 965
Telugu 175 90 85 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 190 90 100 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 52,395 25,450 26,945 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 585 300 285 530 255 270
Armenian 465 225 240 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 10,385 5,020 5,365 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 50 20 25 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 35 15 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 10,340 5,000 5,340 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 320 170 155 540 270 270
Bulgarian 75 35 35 925 425 495
Croatian 960 465 495 1,795 840 955
Czech 270 130 140 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 150 65 80 120 60 60
Polish 2,855 1,375 1,480 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,190 570 620 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,545 1,745 1,805 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 260 120 135 435 205 235
Slovak 215 95 120 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 35 60 25 35
Ukrainian 340 145 190 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 11,185 5,515 5,670 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 50 20 25 520 250 265
Danish 15 5 10 180 90 90
Dutch 835 410 420 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 10 5 5 0
German 10,155 4,995 5,160 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 25 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 5 5 0
Greek 575 260 310 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 15,500 7,675 7,820 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 11,145 5,550 5,595 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 710 360 350 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 2,120 1,045 1,075 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 980 500 480 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 20 10 5 40 15 15
Marathi 85 40 45 245 125 120
Nepali 380 185 190 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,350 2,165 2,185 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 135 60 75 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 95 595 290 305
Urdu 2,165 1,080 1,090 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 4,235 2,075 2,160 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 395 195 200 1,025 515 505
Pashto 680 335 345 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 3,155 1,540 1,615 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 13,690 6,445 7,245 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 1,075 475 595 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,285 1,985 2,300 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,910 1,415 1,500 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,410 2,565 2,845 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 325 150 175 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,700 800 905 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 220 95 125 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 25 10 15 40 15 20
Swahili 75 30 40 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 60 20 40
Sign languages 240 135 110 830 460 370
American Sign Language 110 60 50 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 75 55 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,515 5,675 5,840 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 11,185 5,510 5,680 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,975 950 1,020 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 45 25 25 670 280 390
Mandarin 8,470 4,180 4,285 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 55 60 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 35 40 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 490 255 240 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 170 160 1,630 820 810
Burmese 135 75 65 685 350 335
Karenic languages 120 60 60 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 695 335 360 1,015 435 580
Lao 610 290 320 335 160 175
Thai 90 45 45 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 685 330 355 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 430 215 215 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 215 95 120 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,005 500 505 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 0 10 75 30 45
Finnish 25 15 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 965 485 480 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 29,790 14,570 15,220 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 970 440 530 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 28,215 13,865 14,350 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 90 40 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 505 225 285 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 758,220 375,030 383,185 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 666,010 330,535 335,480 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 36,475 18,115 18,355 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,685 3,230 4,460 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 46,445 22,380 24,070 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 60 15 45 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 46,390 22,365 24,025 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 235 95 140 965 435 530
English and non-official language 770 405 365 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 565 255 310 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 15 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 619,055 303,980 315,070 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,830 292,870 301,960 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,268 43,985 30,047 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,930 292,880 302,045 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,778 38,902 27,650 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,040 273,360 270,680 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,115 43,806 27,654 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,470 183,185 229,290 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,604 1,433 4,933 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 461,080 239,395 221,685 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,507 44,456 29,797 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 619,020 303,960 315,060 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 595,095 292,930 302,165 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,344 56,238 38,722 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 595,200 292,950 302,250 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,307 45,639 33,171 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,005 273,425 270,585 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,479 56,002 36,855 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,515 183,535 228,980 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,005 6,329 7,547 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 461,060 239,385 221,675 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,256 54,599 37,247 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 619,020 303,955 315,060 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 239,270 137,125 102,145 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,435 60,184 47,484 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,967 72,338 55,071 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.3 70.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 619,055 303,980 315,070 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 24,220 11,115 13,110 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 594,830 292,870 301,960 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,925 34,205 46,720 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 94,025 36,815 57,205 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 79,260 32,405 46,850 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 68,205 30,375 37,830 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 63,420 30,630 32,790 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 51,515 27,680 23,830 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 38,725 22,540 16,185 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 28,565 17,480 11,090 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 22,175 13,905 8,275 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 19,375 11,465 7,905 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 48,650 35,365 13,285 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 33,060 23,475 9,585 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 15,590 11,890 3,700 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 619,055 303,980 315,075 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 24,125 11,100 13,025 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 594,925 292,880 302,045 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,035 34,795 48,245 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 98,680 38,740 59,940 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 92,245 38,355 53,885 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 84,150 39,150 45,000 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 73,290 38,215 35,080 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 51,595 29,740 21,850 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 35,650 22,200 13,445 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 27,545 16,785 10,765 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 48,740 34,905 13,835 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 16,280 10,950 5,330 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 9,670 6,840 2,830 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 22,790 17,110 5,680 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 619,055 303,980 315,070 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 157,975 64,590 93,385 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 461,075 239,395 221,685 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.5 78.8 70.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 58,035 27,085 30,955 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 36,415 15,645 20,770 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 58,105 25,185 32,925 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 46,955 20,135 26,820 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 47,825 21,270 26,555 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 46,985 23,410 23,575 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 39,760 22,450 17,315 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 29,925 18,145 11,780 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 22,820 14,410 8,410 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 74,255 51,660 22,590 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 18,550 11,865 6,685 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 16,645 10,080 6,560 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 39,060 29,715 9,345 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 292,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,481 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,590 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 71,125 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,369 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,247 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 221,015 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,665 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,191 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 292,125 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,446 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,088 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 71,170 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,620 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,887 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 220,960 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,172 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,037 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 292,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,050 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,045 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,440 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,360 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,415 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,410 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,630 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,130 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,310 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,470 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,005 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,000 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,715 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,550 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,440 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 107,165 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 34,990 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,530 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,865 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,785 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 292,140 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,355 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,115 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,565 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,735 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,720 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,630 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,600 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,350 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,715 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,730 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,300 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,615 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,285 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,205 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,200 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 80,010 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 33,725 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,050 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,235 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 211,660 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,250 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,516 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 76,235 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,870 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,121 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 99,575 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,039 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,376 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,350 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,178 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,530 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 211,610 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,118 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,596 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 76,175 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,002 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,405 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 99,795 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 136,971 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,344 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,170 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,892 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,491 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,580 51,065 50,515 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,082 36,104 30,538 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,174 32,376 28,289 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 101,500 50,605 50,900 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,747 44,599 38,912 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,369 37,080 33,667 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 754,960 373,650 381,310 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 340,100 163,375 176,725 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 63,800 31,035 32,770 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 60,900 27,460 33,445 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 67,305 31,825 35,480 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 71,465 34,890 36,575 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 76,630 38,170 38,460 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 414,860 210,275 204,585 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 81,250 40,635 40,615 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 82,960 41,930 41,025 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 86,880 44,000 42,880 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 87,865 44,760 43,105 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 75,910 38,955 36,955 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 754,960 373,650 381,315 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 163,765 83,845 79,925 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 52,600 27,055 25,545 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 485,150 240,940 244,205 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 106,045 48,860 57,180 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 87,835 40,705 47,130 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 23,855 12,170 11,685 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 8,680 4,420 4,260 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 53,180 24,585 28,595 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 10,795 3,950 6,850 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 10.9 12.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.5 16.3 16.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.2 11.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.2 8.1 12.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 51,385 25,455 25,930 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 11,830 6,085 5,745 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 4,205 2,170 2,030 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 37,350 18,430 18,920 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,205 940 1,265 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.2 7.3 7.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 8.0 7.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7 7.6 7.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 754,930 373,625 381,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 743,110 368,790 374,320 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 742,810 368,670 374,145 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 52,060 22,145 29,915 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 193,545 94,385 99,160 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 135 50 85 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 115 45 75 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 35 55 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 75 35 45 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 193,410 94,330 99,080 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,365 7,415 6,950 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 15 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,620 830 785 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 175 90 85 15 0 15
Oromo 85 45 40 190 110 80
Somali 1,255 635 620 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 12,985 6,700 6,285 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,435 725 715 1,755 905 855
Arabic 9,760 5,060 4,700 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 160 125 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 30 25 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 545 300 240 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 240 135 105 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,375 655 720 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,970 3,315 3,650 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 445 190 255 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 6,560 3,140 3,420 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 5,350 2,055 3,295 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 215 60 155 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 75 20 60 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 180 45 130 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 520 225 295 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,705 1,785 2,915 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 20 0 20 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 540 280 260 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 245 125 125 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 155 135 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,015 1,610 1,405 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 275 150 125 445 210 235
Malayalam 845 420 430 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,635 890 740 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 515 290 220 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 495 230 265 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 135,725 66,195 69,530 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,090 600 490 1,135 580 555
Armenian 910 435 475 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 25,905 12,420 13,485 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 300 150 150 635 310 325
Latvian 165 95 70 310 175 140
Lithuanian 135 55 75 325 135 185
Slavic languages 25,650 12,290 13,360 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 30 50 205 95 110
Bosnian 915 435 480 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 215 95 115 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,740 1,825 1,910 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,195 600 595 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 415 195 220 345 180 160
Polish 7,895 3,670 4,225 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 3,230 1,470 1,760 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 7,235 3,705 3,530 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 710 340 365 1,240 595 645
Slovak 870 455 420 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 415 185 235 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,230 500 730 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 250 120 125
Celtic languages 170 80 90 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 90 40 55 350 225 120
Welsh 45 15 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 34,030 16,285 17,745 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 370 190 180 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 415 180 230 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 7,185 3,330 3,865 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 120 50 70 120 55 65
German 28,045 13,590 14,455 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 120 50 65 1,405 730 680
Swedish 195 120 75 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 55 60 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 390 210 185 75 40 30
Greek 2,295 1,135 1,155 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 31,010 15,985 15,030 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 24,455 12,705 11,750 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,545 860 695 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 4,125 2,100 2,025 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 8,530 4,480 4,055 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 95 60 40 375 185 190
Marathi 340 175 170 1,275 650 625
Nepali 675 350 325 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,175 4,760 4,410 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 415 195 225 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 575 285 290 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 6,640 3,495 3,145 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 7,120 3,560 3,560 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 895 440 450 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,270 660 615 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 5,315 2,645 2,670 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 355 145 210 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 43,625 20,835 22,785 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 20 0 245 125 120
Italian 6,885 3,420 3,470 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 13,280 6,505 6,775 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 7,245 3,470 3,780 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 17,385 8,005 9,385 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15 220 130 85
Japanese 1,110 580 530 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 2,490 1,215 1,280 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 15 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,510 830 690 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 120 75 45 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 10 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 10 15 115 65 55
Ewe 15 15 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 30 0 25 105 60 45
Igbo 120 85 30 240 140 95
Lingala 145 80 65 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 10 35 210 95 115
Shona 50 30 15 265 125 140
Swahili 540 275 260 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 315 190 130 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 240 125 115 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 425 195 230 300 150 150
Dinka 15 10 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 190 225 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,130 435 700 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 690 245 450 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 460 195 265 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 19,100 9,430 9,670 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 18,690 9,215 9,470 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,710 2,280 2,430 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 175 80 95 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 13,925 6,805 7,120 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 10 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 525 255 265 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 95 80 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 965 505 460 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 440 230 210 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 165 80 80 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 120 60 60 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 280 140 135 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,625 815 800 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,360 675 680 1,125 505 620
Thai 335 155 180 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,080 1,095 980 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 150 100 55 835 455 385
Turkish 1,455 785 670 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 460 225 235 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,590 1,705 1,885 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 210 110 105 495 205 295
Finnish 215 105 110 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,175 1,495 1,685 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 754,930 373,625 381,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 711,260 352,160 359,105 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 158,385 81,130 77,255 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 552,875 271,025 281,850 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,670 21,470 22,200 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 754,930 373,625 381,305 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 585,965 291,035 294,930 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 157,745 76,635 81,105 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 50,935 24,675 26,265 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 20,705 10,245 10,455 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 30,520 14,905 15,620 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 37,510 18,070 19,445 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 19,030 9,260 9,775 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 18,480 8,810 9,670 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 18,070 8,750 9,325 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 11,230 5,960 5,265 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 157,745 76,635 81,110 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 18,565 9,420 9,140 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 31,665 16,535 15,125 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 34,415 15,630 18,785 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 62,400 30,330 32,070 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 10,700 4,720 5,980 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 157,740 76,640 81,105 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 22,630 10,415 12,215 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 645 280 365 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,825 820 1,010 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,130 1,005 1,130 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,545 1,180 1,360 920 415 500
Haiti 40 25 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,215 1,105 1,110 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,970 975 990 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 295 135 155 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 925 420 505 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,710 2,305 3,405 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 4,335 2,165 2,175 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 69,575 33,855 35,720 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,360 1,730 1,635 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,450 1,225 1,225 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 530 280 245 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,975 2,825 3,150 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 765 365 400 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,180 590 590 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 765 365 400 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,870 1,530 1,340 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,675 1,825 1,850 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 5,610 2,595 3,015 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 7,660 3,715 3,945 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 5,575 2,650 2,935 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 990 435 555 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,215 1,600 1,615 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 865 385 475 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 17,845 8,690 9,150 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 6,250 3,050 3,200 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 9,220 4,665 4,550 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 70 35 35 430 270 150
Egypt 1,390 705 685 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,210 635 580 1,665 835 825
Kenya 590 280 315 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 75 40 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 410 245 170 1,205 630 575
Somalia 765 355 415 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 865 420 445 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,835 1,950 1,880 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 55,795 27,435 28,360 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,995 950 1,050 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 965 515 450 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,165 3,820 4,340 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 965 530 430 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 11,225 5,735 5,495 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,015 1,090 925 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,060 1,070 985 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 190 60 135 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,645 865 780 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 725 375 355 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,670 2,450 2,220 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 4,755 1,955 2,800 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,250 625 620 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,835 935 905 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 605 290 315 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,115 2,355 2,760 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,620 3,835 3,780 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 525 270 260 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 18,075 8,750 9,325 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,185 1,010 1,180 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 75 40 40 960 445 520
Colombia 290 100 190 465 220 240
Cuba 120 45 75 70 35 30
Haiti 15 15 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 165 105 65 160 115 45
Mexico 250 130 120 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 270 400 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 40 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 515 270 250 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,200 1,090 1,110 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 80 60 25 790 415 370
Germany 175 80 95 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 50 45 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 200 110 90