Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo Wellington,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Waterloo Wellington, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 766,109 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 723,453 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.9 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 308,485 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 161.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,751.48 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 766,115 378,085 388,025 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 136,140 69,815 66,330 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 43,605 22,395 21,210 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 46,475 23,820 22,655 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 46,060 23,600 22,465 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 515,790 256,680 259,105 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 48,365 24,745 23,615 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 55,700 28,815 26,885 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 52,190 26,325 25,870 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 51,000 25,185 25,810 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 49,000 24,125 24,880 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 50,445 24,720 25,725 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 53,105 26,165 26,940 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 58,355 28,930 29,425 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 53,180 26,165 27,015 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 44,440 21,505 22,935 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 114,180 51,590 62,585 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 37,520 17,910 19,615 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 26,870 12,590 14,280 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 19,690 9,070 10,615 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 14,610 6,445 8,165 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 15,480 5,575 9,905 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 9,900 3,830 6,075 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 4,525 1,525 3,000 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 935 210 725 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 120 15 105 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.1 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.3 67.9 66.8 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 14.9 13.6 16.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.4 38.5 40.3 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 39.0 37.9 40.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 169,915 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 27,620 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 93,875 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 16,410 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 30,940 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,715 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,280 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 525 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 730 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 71,130 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 98,395 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 47,595 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 47,140 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,885 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 754,960 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 629,965 308,270 321,695 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 371,025 185,345 185,680 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 314,710 157,230 157,475 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 56,315 28,105 28,205 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 258,940 122,930 136,010 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 174,055 94,695 79,360 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 18,365 7,895 10,470 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 34,345 13,500 20,840 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 32,180 6,835 25,345 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 215,060 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 102,525 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 46,510 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 45,580 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,445 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 215,065 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 182,085 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 153,940 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,150 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 32,975 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 26,105 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 6,875 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 182,090 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 83,125 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 98,960 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 36,580 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 42,835 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 19,550 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 32,980 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 19,400 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 9,935 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 3,640 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 116,625 57,335 59,285 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 202,475 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 77,955 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 124,520 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,180 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 83,485 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 71,125 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,355 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 758,220 375,035 383,190 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 694,045 347,790 346,255 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 305 125 180 1,485 680 800
English and French 51,985 22,215 29,775 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 11,880 4,910 6,975 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 758,220 375,030 383,185 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 734,975 364,780 370,195 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 8,325 3,895 4,430 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 3,250 1,545 1,705 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 11,670 4,815 6,855 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,955 4,665 5,280 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.4 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 758,215 375,030 383,190 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 745,065 368,630 376,435 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 583,230 289,615 293,615 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 574,755 285,625 289,135 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 8,475 3,995 4,480 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 161,835 79,010 82,820 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 45 15 25 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 35 10 20 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 161,790 78,995 82,795 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,435 5,875 5,565 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 25 15 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 25 10 10 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,295 625 665 1,750 875 875
Bilen 115 65 50 155 85 70
Oromo 90 45 45 345 175 170
Somali 1,050 500 555 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 10 10 0
Semitic languages 10,105 5,225 4,880 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 995 495 500 1,770 885 885
Arabic 7,395 3,850 3,545 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 290 150 140 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 0 0 0
Harari 15 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 145 80 65 545 320 225
Maltese 135 65 70 40 20 25
Tigrigna 1,055 550 510 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,820 2,785 3,030 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 410 190 220 280 135 145
Vietnamese 5,410 2,600 2,810 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 4,210 1,640 2,580 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 15 10 10 175 80 95
Cebuano 195 65 130 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 5 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 80 20 55 390 170 220
Ilocano 185 70 115 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 240 100 145 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 0 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,330 2,070 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 150 70 85
Creole languages 180 90 85 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 85 35 50 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 2,375 1,255 1,120 1,565 825 735
Kannada 125 70 55 95 50 40
Malayalam 800 415 380 790 410 380
Tamil 1,090 570 520 480 255 230
Telugu 350 195 155 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 255 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 110,280 54,065 56,215 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 1,045 540 505 350 170 180
Armenian 735 360 375 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 22,315 10,655 11,665 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 270 135 135 165 65 95
Latvian 125 65 60 80 35 45
Lithuanian 145 70 75 85 35 45
Slavic languages 22,045 10,520 11,525 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 15 5 15 40 20 25
Bosnian 610 305 300 575 285 290
Bulgarian 180 90 85 140 70 65
Croatian 2,415 1,220 1,195 1,030 505 530
Czech 920 425 495 615 310 310
Macedonian 305 140 160 145 70 75
Polish 6,970 3,245 3,730 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 2,125 965 1,160 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 5,610 2,815 2,795 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 585 275 305 240 110 130
Slovak 675 305 370 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 335 165 175 270 130 140
Ukrainian 1,080 460 620 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 220 105 115 75 40 30
Celtic languages 55 30 30 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 5 50 25 20
Welsh 30 15 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 27,930 13,585 14,345 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 160 85 70 420 220 205
Danish 320 160 165 280 145 135
Dutch 4,475 2,190 2,280 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 105 50 55 55 30 25
German 22,570 10,955 11,615 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 15 10 5 475 210 260
Norwegian 40 15 25 115 45 65
Swedish 115 55 55 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 310 125 180
Yiddish 15 10 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 10 10
Greek 1,625 810 810 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 25,175 12,935 12,235 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 18,495 9,510 8,985 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,215 660 560 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 3,450 1,770 1,680 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 1,955 1,055 905 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 5 5
Konkani 55 35 20 35 20 15
Marathi 205 100 100 135 80 50
Nepali 540 275 265 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 45 20 25 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,530 3,290 3,240 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 275 130 140 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 200 195 670 345 320
Urdu 3,840 1,990 1,855 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 6,450 3,310 3,135 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 720 390 325 415 210 200
Pashto 1,175 620 560 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 4,555 2,305 2,250 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 31,405 15,145 16,260 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 20 10 5 0 0 5
Italian 4,685 2,375 2,310 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 10,635 5,085 5,550 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 5,965 2,895 3,070 645 310 335
Spanish 10,100 4,785 5,315 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 580 225 355 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 10 15 5 5
Korean 2,415 1,155 1,260 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 10 5 10 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 840 405 440 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 90 50 40 150 90 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 10 5 5 40 20 15
Ewe 25 15 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 10 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 15 10 10 50 20 30
Igbo 40 25 15 280 155 130
Lingala 10 5 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 10 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25 250 125 120
Shona 110 45 60 110 50 60
Swahili 180 80 100 870 420 455
Wolof 10 0 5 75 50 25
Yoruba 110 65 50 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 70 95 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 160 165 395 215 180
Dinka 10 10 5 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 150 160 225 125 100
Sign languages 175 90 90 440 230 210
American Sign Language 95 45 55 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 45 35 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,745 8,165 8,580 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 16,365 7,965 8,405 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 3,430 1,655 1,780 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 100 45 50 55 30 25
Mandarin 11,525 5,600 5,920 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 10 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 380 190 190 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 135 60 75 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 395 380 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 380 200 175 575 295 285
Burmese 140 75 70 85 50 30
Karenic languages 125 65 60 430 215 220
Tibetan 10 5 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,385 630 755 1,120 525 595
Lao 1,180 550 630 875 445 430
Thai 205 75 130 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,345 665 675 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 75 40 30 30 20 15
Turkish 850 430 425 210 120 95
Uyghur 15 5 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 355 165 185 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 40 25 20
Uralic languages 3,090 1,510 1,585 1,440 655 790
Estonian 140 65 75 30 10 15
Finnish 235 110 120 225 85 135
Hungarian 2,720 1,335 1,380 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 155 85 70
Multiple responses 13,155 6,400 6,750 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,770 825 945 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 10,800 5,295 5,500 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 285 135 150 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 305 145 155 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 758,220 375,030 383,190 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 728,430 360,460 367,970 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 645,170 319,950 325,225 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 642,815 318,890 323,925 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 2,355 1,060 1,295 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 83,260 40,515 42,750 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 83,255 40,505 42,745 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,255 3,595 3,655 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 10 10 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 10 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 830 380 450 1,185 550 630
Bilen 95 50 45 120 65 55
Oromo 50 20 35 210 95 115
Somali 670 305 365 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 6,405 3,200 3,200 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 655 320 340 1,045 520 525
Arabic 4,690 2,360 2,335 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 90 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 15 0 0 0
Harari 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 70 35 40 355 195 160
Maltese 20 15 10 10 5 5
Tigrigna 730 370 360 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,850 1,835 2,015 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 95 120 125 55 70
Vietnamese 3,630 1,740 1,890 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,615 720 895 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 55 25 30 495 250 245
Fijian 5 5 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 125 55 75
Ilocano 45 20 30 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 75 35 40 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,390 620 770 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 90 45 45 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 1,290 665 620 800 400 400
Kannada 60 30 30 45 25 25
Malayalam 455 240 215 405 195 205
Tamil 590 295 290 240 120 120
Telugu 175 90 85 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 190 90 100 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 52,395 25,450 26,945 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 585 300 285 155 80 75
Armenian 465 225 240 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 10,385 5,020 5,365 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 50 20 25 25 10 15
Latvian 10 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 35 15 20 10 5 5
Slavic languages 10,340 5,000 5,340 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 5 0 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 320 170 155 285 145 140
Bulgarian 75 35 35 65 30 30
Croatian 960 465 495 320 145 180
Czech 270 130 140 115 55 60
Macedonian 150 65 80 85 35 45
Polish 2,855 1,375 1,480 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 1,190 570 620 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 3,545 1,745 1,805 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 260 120 135 90 40 50
Slovak 215 95 120 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 35 55 20 30
Ukrainian 340 145 190 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 11,185 5,515 5,670 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 50 20 25 200 100 100
Danish 15 5 10 10 5 5
Dutch 835 410 420 270 135 130
Frisian 10 5 10 10 5 5
German 10,155 4,995 5,160 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 10 5 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 25 10 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 465 240 225
Greek 575 260 310 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 15,500 7,675 7,820 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 11,145 5,550 5,595 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 710 360 350 690 390 305
Gujarati 2,120 1,045 1,075 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 980 500 480 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 20 10 5 10 5 5
Marathi 85 40 45 40 25 20
Nepali 380 185 190 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,350 2,165 2,185 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 135 60 75 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 95 360 190 170
Urdu 2,165 1,080 1,090 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 4,235 2,075 2,160 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 395 195 200 275 135 140
Pashto 680 335 345 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 3,155 1,540 1,615 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 13,690 6,445 7,245 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Italian 1,075 475 595 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 4,285 1,985 2,300 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 2,910 1,415 1,500 235 110 125
Spanish 5,410 2,565 2,845 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 325 150 175 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 10 5 0
Georgian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 1,700 800 905 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 10 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 220 95 125 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 10 5 10 75 40 35
Lingala 5 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 105 55 50
Shona 25 10 15 10 5 10
Swahili 75 30 40 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 25 10 10 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 55 30 25
Sign languages 240 135 110 560 310 255
American Sign Language 110 60 50 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 75 55 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,515 5,675 5,840 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 11,185 5,510 5,680 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 1,975 950 1,020 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 45 25 25 25 10 15
Mandarin 8,470 4,180 4,285 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 5 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 55 60 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 35 40 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 490 255 240 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 170 160 465 235 225
Burmese 135 75 65 55 30 25
Karenic languages 120 60 60 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 5 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 695 335 360 535 250 280
Lao 610 290 320 430 210 220
Thai 90 45 45 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 685 330 355 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 10 5 10
Turkish 430 215 215 65 35 35
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 215 95 120 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,005 500 505 305 140 165
Estonian 15 0 10 0 0 0
Finnish 25 15 15 35 15 15
Hungarian 965 485 480 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 40 25 20
Multiple responses 29,790 14,570 15,220 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 970 440 530 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 28,215 13,865 14,350 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 90 40 55 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 505 225 285 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 758,220 375,030 383,185 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 666,010 330,535 335,480 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 36,475 18,115 18,355 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 7,685 3,230 4,460 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 46,445 22,380 24,070 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 60 15 45 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 46,390 22,365 24,025 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 235 95 140 305 150 150
English and non-official language 770 405 365 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 565 255 310 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 20 15 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 619,055 303,980 315,070 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,830 292,870 301,960 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,268 43,985 30,047 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,930 292,880 302,045 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,778 38,902 27,650 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,040 273,360 270,680 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,115 43,806 27,654 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,470 183,185 229,290 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,604 1,433 4,933 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 461,080 239,395 221,685 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,507 44,456 29,797 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 619,020 303,960 315,060 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 595,095 292,930 302,165 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,344 56,238 38,722 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 595,200 292,950 302,250 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,307 45,639 33,171 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,005 273,425 270,585 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,479 56,002 36,855 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,515 183,535 228,980 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,005 6,329 7,547 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 461,060 239,385 221,675 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,256 54,599 37,247 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 619,020 303,955 315,060 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 239,270 137,125 102,145 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,435 60,184 47,484 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,967 72,338 55,071 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.2 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.3 70.4 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.8 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 619,055 303,980 315,070 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 24,220 11,115 13,110 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 594,830 292,870 301,960 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 95.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,925 34,205 46,720 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 94,025 36,815 57,205 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 79,260 32,405 46,850 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 68,205 30,375 37,830 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 63,420 30,630 32,790 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 51,515 27,680 23,830 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 38,725 22,540 16,185 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 28,565 17,480 11,090 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 22,175 13,905 8,275 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 19,375 11,465 7,905 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 48,650 35,365 13,285 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 33,060 23,475 9,585 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 15,590 11,890 3,700 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 619,055 303,980 315,075 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 24,125 11,100 13,025 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 594,925 292,880 302,045 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,035 34,795 48,245 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 98,680 38,740 59,940 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 92,245 38,355 53,885 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 84,150 39,150 45,000 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 73,290 38,215 35,080 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 51,595 29,740 21,850 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 35,650 22,200 13,445 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 27,545 16,785 10,765 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 48,740 34,905 13,835 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 16,280 10,950 5,330 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 9,670 6,840 2,830 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 22,790 17,110 5,680 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 619,055 303,980 315,070 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 157,975 64,590 93,385 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 461,075 239,395 221,685 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 74.5 78.8 70.4 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 58,035 27,085 30,955 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 36,415 15,645 20,770 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 58,105 25,185 32,925 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 46,955 20,135 26,820 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 47,825 21,270 26,555 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 46,985 23,410 23,575 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 39,760 22,450 17,315 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 29,925 18,145 11,780 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 22,820 14,410 8,410 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 74,255 51,660 22,590 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 18,550 11,865 6,685 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 16,645 10,080 6,560 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 39,060 29,715 9,345 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,481 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,590 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 71,125 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,369 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,247 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 221,015 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,665 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,191 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 292,125 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,446 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,088 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 71,170 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,620 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,887 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 220,960 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,172 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,037 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,050 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,045 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,440 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,360 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,415 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,410 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,630 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,130 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,310 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,470 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,005 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,000 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,715 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,550 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,440 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 107,165 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 34,990 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,530 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,865 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,785 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 292,140 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,355 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,115 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,565 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,735 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,720 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,630 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,600 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,350 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,715 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,730 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,300 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,615 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,285 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,205 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,200 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 80,010 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 33,725 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,050 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,235 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 211,660 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,250 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,516 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 76,235 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,870 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,121 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 99,575 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,039 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,376 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,350 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,178 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,530 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 211,610 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,118 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,596 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 76,175 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,002 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,405 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 99,795 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 136,971 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,344 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,170 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,892 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,491 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,580 51,065 50,515 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,082 36,104 30,538 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,174 32,376 28,289 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 101,500 50,605 50,900 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,747 44,599 38,912 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,369 37,080 33,667 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 754,960 373,650 381,310 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 340,100 163,375 176,725 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 63,800 31,035 32,770 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 60,900 27,460 33,445 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 67,305 31,825 35,480 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 71,465 34,890 36,575 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 76,630 38,170 38,460 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 414,860 210,275 204,585 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 81,250 40,635 40,615 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 82,960 41,930 41,025 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 86,880 44,000 42,880 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 87,865 44,760 43,105 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 75,910 38,955 36,955 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 754,960 373,650 381,315 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 163,765 83,845 79,925 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 52,600 27,055 25,545 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 485,150 240,940 244,205 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 106,045 48,860 57,180 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 87,835 40,705 47,130 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 23,855 12,170 11,685 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 8,680 4,420 4,260 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 53,180 24,585 28,595 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 10,795 3,950 6,850 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 10.9 12.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 16.5 16.3 16.7 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.2 11.7 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 10.2 8.1 12.0 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 51,385 25,455 25,930 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 11,830 6,085 5,745 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 4,205 2,170 2,030 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 37,350 18,430 18,920 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 2,205 940 1,265 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.2 7.3 7.2 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 8.0 7.9 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7 7.6 7.7 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 754,930 373,625 381,305 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 743,110 368,790 374,320 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 742,810 368,670 374,145 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 52,060 22,145 29,915 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 193,545 94,385 99,160 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 135 50 85 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 115 45 75 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 35 55 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 10 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 75 35 45 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 193,410 94,330 99,080 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,365 7,415 6,950 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 15 15 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,620 830 785 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 175 90 85 210 120 85
Oromo 85 45 40 535 275 260
Somali 1,255 635 620 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 15 15 10
Semitic languages 12,985 6,700 6,285 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 1,435 725 715 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 9,760 5,060 4,700 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 160 125 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 30 25 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 545 300 240 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 240 135 105 65 30 35
Tigrigna 1,375 655 720 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,970 3,315 3,650 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 445 190 255 335 185 150
Vietnamese 6,560 3,140 3,420 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,350 2,055 3,295 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 215 60 155 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 75 20 60 425 180 245
Ilocano 180 45 130 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 520 225 295 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 30 945 415 530
Pangasinan 15 0 10 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,705 1,785 2,915 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 20 0 20 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 200 80 120
Creole languages 540 280 260 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 245 125 125 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 155 135 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 3,015 1,610 1,405 1,840 945 895
Kannada 275 150 125 175 95 80
Malayalam 845 420 430 830 400 430
Tamil 1,635 890 740 655 330 325
Telugu 515 290 220 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 495 230 265 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 135,725 66,195 69,530 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 1,090 600 490 390 195 195
Armenian 910 435 475 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 25,905 12,420 13,485 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 300 150 150 230 90 140
Latvian 165 95 70 115 45 70
Lithuanian 135 55 75 120 50 65
Slavic languages 25,650 12,290 13,360 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 75 30 50 65 25 45
Bosnian 915 435 480 835 405 430
Bulgarian 215 95 115 155 95 60
Croatian 3,740 1,825 1,910 1,595 765 825
Czech 1,195 600 595 735 335 395
Macedonian 415 195 220 140 75 60
Polish 7,895 3,670 4,225 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 3,230 1,470 1,760 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 7,235 3,705 3,530 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 710 340 365 190 75 115
Slovak 870 455 420 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 415 185 235 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,230 500 730 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 70 35 30
Celtic languages 170 80 90 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 90 40 55 90 65 25
Welsh 45 15 25 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 34,030 16,285 17,745 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 370 190 180 715 330 385
Danish 415 180 230 270 120 150
Dutch 7,185 3,330 3,865 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 120 50 70 90 65 30
German 28,045 13,590 14,455 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 10 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 120 50 65 290 115 175
Swedish 195 120 75 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 55 60 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 10 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 390 210 185 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 2,295 1,135 1,155 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 31,010 15,985 15,030 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 24,455 12,705 11,750 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 1,545 860 695 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 4,125 2,100 2,025 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 8,530 4,480 4,055 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 20 0 10 20 15 10
Konkani 95 60 40 40 30 10
Marathi 340 175 170 275 170 105
Nepali 675 350 325 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 15 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,175 4,760 4,410 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 415 195 225 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 575 285 290 920 500 420
Urdu 6,640 3,495 3,145 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 7,120 3,560 3,560 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 895 440 450 600 295 305
Pashto 1,270 660 615 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 5,315 2,645 2,670 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 355 145 210 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 43,625 20,835 22,785 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 25 20 0 15 10 10
Italian 6,885 3,420 3,470 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 13,280 6,505 6,775 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 7,245 3,470 3,780 785 395 390
Spanish 17,385 8,005 9,385 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15 60 45 15
Japanese 1,110 580 530 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 10 15 0 15
Korean 2,490 1,215 1,280 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 55 20 35
Mongolian 20 15 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,510 830 690 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 120 75 45 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 10 0 160 95 65
Edo 25 10 15 95 60 30
Ewe 15 15 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 10 10 0 30 10 15
Ganda 30 0 25 230 110 120
Igbo 120 85 30 665 345 325
Lingala 145 80 65 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 30 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 10 35 305 155 155
Shona 50 30 15 250 110 140
Swahili 540 275 260 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 10 10 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 315 190 130 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 240 125 115 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 425 195 230 410 225 185
Dinka 15 10 10 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 190 225 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,130 435 700 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 690 245 450 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 460 195 265 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 19,100 9,430 9,670 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 18,690 9,215 9,470 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 4,710 2,280 2,430 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 175 80 95 50 30 20
Mandarin 13,925 6,805 7,120 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 10 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 525 255 265 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 95 80 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 965 505 460 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 440 230 210 675 310 370
Burmese 165 80 80 185 115 70
Karenic languages 120 60 60 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 280 140 135 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,625 815 800 1,565 730 835
Lao 1,360 675 680 1,120 520 600
Thai 335 155 180 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,080 1,095 980 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 150 100 55 50 25 30
Turkish 1,455 785 670 365 180 185
Uyghur 10 0 10 30 15 10
Uzbek 460 225 235 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 45 15 30
Uralic languages 3,590 1,705 1,885 1,550 730 815
Estonian 210 110 105 45 20 25
Finnish 215 105 110 265 105 160
Hungarian 3,175 1,495 1,685 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 754,930 373,625 381,305 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 711,260 352,160 359,105 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 158,385 81,130 77,255 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 552,875 271,025 281,850 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,670 21,470 22,200 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 754,930 373,625 381,305 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 585,965 291,035 294,930 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 157,745 76,635 81,105 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 50,935 24,675 26,265 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 20,705 10,245 10,455 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 30,520 14,905 15,620 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 37,510 18,070 19,445 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 19,030 9,260 9,775 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 18,480 8,810 9,670 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 18,070 8,750 9,325 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 11,230 5,960 5,265 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 157,745 76,635 81,110 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 18,565 9,420 9,140 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 31,665 16,535 15,125 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 34,415 15,630 18,785 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 62,400 30,330 32,070 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 10,700 4,720 5,980 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 157,740 76,640 81,105 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 22,630 10,415 12,215 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 645 280 365 435 170 265
Colombia 1,825 820 1,010 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 2,130 1,005 1,130 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 2,545 1,180 1,360 1,135 515 620
Haiti 40 25 15 155 75 80
Jamaica 2,215 1,105 1,110 1,810 835 970
Mexico 1,970 975 990 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 295 135 155 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 925 420 505 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,710 2,305 3,405 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 4,335 2,165 2,175 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 69,575 33,855 35,720 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,360 1,730 1,635 1,055 530 525
Croatia 2,450 1,225 1,225 975 445 535
France 530 280 245 795 425 365
Germany 5,975 2,825 3,150 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 765 365 400 820 445 375
Hungary 1,180 590 590 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 765 365 400 650 310 340
Italy 2,870 1,530 1,340 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 3,675 1,825 1,850 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 5,610 2,595 3,015 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 7,660 3,715 3,945 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 5,575 2,650 2,935 720 345 375
Russian Federation 990 435 555 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,215 1,600 1,615 355 175 175
Ukraine 865 385 475 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 17,845 8,690 9,150 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 6,250 3,050 3,200 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 9,220 4,665 4,550 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 70 35 35 115 60 55
Egypt 1,390 705 685 980 525 455
Ethiopia 1,210 635 580 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 590 280 315 935 470 465
Morocco 75 40 30 250 140 110
Nigeria 410 245 170 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 765 355 415 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 865 420 445 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 3,835 1,950 1,880 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 55,795 27,435 28,360 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 1,995 950 1,050 615 285 330
Bangladesh 965 515 450 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,165 3,820 4,340 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 965 530 430 1,460 715 735
India 11,225 5,735 5,495 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,015 1,090 925 1,180 655 530
Iraq 2,060 1,070 985 860 460 400
Japan 190 60 135 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,645 865 780 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 725 375 355 265 165 100
Pakistan 4,670 2,450 2,220 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 4,755 1,955 2,800 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,250 625 620 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,835 935 905 805 390 410
Taiwan 605 290 315 215 110 110
Viet Nam 5,115 2,355 2,760 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 7,620 3,835 3,780 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 525 270 260 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 18,075 8,750 9,325 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 2,185 1,010 1,180 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 75 40 40 100 35 65
Colombia 290 100 190 185 70 120
Cuba 120 45 75 75 25 55
Haiti 15 15 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 165 105 65 340 175 165
Mexico 250 130 120 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 270 400 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 40 40 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 515 270 250 1,490 640 850
Europe 2,200 1,090 1,110 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 80 60 25 135 70 75
Germany 175 80 95 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 50 45 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 160 85 70
Romania 290 120 170 70 30 35
Russian Federation 105