Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,399,073 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,358,945 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 588,747 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 558,163 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 216.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 6,473.51 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,399,065 680,770 718,295 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 222,960 114,495 108,465 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 70,640 36,195 34,440 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 75,470 38,640 36,825 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 76,845 39,650 37,195 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 908,335 446,520 461,815 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 82,415 42,255 40,155 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 88,600 45,235 43,365 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 82,925 41,605 41,320 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 82,655 40,490 42,170 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 81,130 39,375 41,755 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 85,515 41,385 44,135 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 93,865 45,590 48,275 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 109,910 53,625 56,280 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 106,525 51,820 54,700 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 94,795 45,135 49,660 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 267,770 119,755 148,015 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 84,400 40,175 44,225 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 62,450 29,590 32,860 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 46,280 21,240 25,040 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 35,435 15,025 20,410 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 39,205 13,725 25,480 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 24,485 9,385 15,105 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 11,680 3,640 8,040 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,700 655 2,050 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 335 45 290 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 16.8 15.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.6 64.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.5 42.1 44.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 348,960 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 59,555 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 148,840 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,130 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 56,775 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,380 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,025 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,530 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 810 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 151,570 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 193,620 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 87,255 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 79,975 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 45,745 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,372,630 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,176,110 566,275 609,835 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 672,720 336,420 336,300 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 570,930 285,595 285,335 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 101,795 50,830 50,965 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 503,390 229,855 273,535 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 311,665 167,905 143,760 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 39,125 16,690 22,435 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 74,755 29,310 45,445 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 77,850 15,950 61,900 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 399,940 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 203,500 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 85,995 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 77,385 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,060 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 399,940 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 329,345 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 278,470 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 50,870 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 70,595 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 56,245 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 14,350 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,340 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 160,660 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 168,685 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 65,770 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 71,715 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 31,190 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 70,600 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 42,845 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 20,220 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 7,535 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 220,930 101,440 119,485 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 377,980 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 151,895 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 226,085 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 10,775 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 169,405 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 151,570 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,835 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,381,055 673,805 707,250 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,275,070 628,795 646,275 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 920 385 535 1,110 530 580
English and French 89,580 38,330 51,250 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 15,480 6,295 9,180 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,381,050 673,800 707,250 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,338,160 654,955 683,205 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 23,615 10,760 12,850 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,165 1,990 2,175 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 15,110 6,090 9,020 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,695 11,755 13,940 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,381,050 673,800 707,250 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,357,770 662,615 695,155 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,122,480 550,835 571,645 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 1,098,205 539,775 558,435 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 24,270 11,065 13,210 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 235,295 111,780 123,515 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 200 95 110 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 90 35 50 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 25 30 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 85 40 45 5 0 0
Cayuga 30 15 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 25 25 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 5 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 235,090 111,690 123,405 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,625 9,555 9,075 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 35 20 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,255 585 670 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 165 95 75
Somali 1,195 550 640 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 17,285 8,930 8,360 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 275 130 145 1,140 560 585
Arabic 13,440 7,010 6,430 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,350 1,155 1,195 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 130 115 440 240 195
Harari 10 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 245 140 105 1,770 960 805
Maltese 390 200 190 80 40 40
Tigrigna 180 90 95 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,990 2,765 3,225 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 470 580 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 4,940 2,295 2,645 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 9,365 3,540 5,825 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 35 15 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 365 135 225 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 10 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 90 30 60 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 505 210 290 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 205 65 135 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 40 45 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,960 2,990 4,970 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 830 360 470
Creole languages 590 295 300 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 360 180 190 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,150 1,165 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 100 50 45 225 115 110
Malayalam 1,130 570 560 1,750 905 845
Tamil 835 400 440 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 240 125 115 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 166,145 79,490 86,655 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,655 830 820 1,090 560 530
Armenian 620 300 320 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 47,155 21,575 25,580 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 1,245 510 730 645 280 370
Latvian 515 205 300 320 145 175
Lithuanian 730 300 425 325 130 200
Slavic languages 45,915 21,065 24,850 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 30 10 15 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,255 635 620 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 595 275 320 1,725 805 915
Croatian 6,880 3,360 3,525 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,590 725 870 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 760 370 390 250 120 135
Polish 15,635 6,870 8,760 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 3,655 1,570 2,085 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 7,980 3,980 3,995 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 625 295 330 1,145 545 600
Slovak 1,245 545 700 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,145 505 645 545 250 290
Ukrainian 4,350 1,835 2,520 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 80 180 90 90
Celtic languages 100 50 55 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 30 125 65 60
Welsh 40 20 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 25,545 11,745 13,795 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 370 170 200 1,435 730 705
Danish 515 230 280 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 10,105 4,780 5,325 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 285 150 135 80 30 50
German 13,490 6,075 7,415 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 35 15 15 155 70 80
Norwegian 80 30 45 835 410 430
Swedish 200 75 125 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 395 165 230 200 105 95
Yiddish 65 35 25 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 20 15
Greek 3,085 1,590 1,500 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 27,725 14,080 13,645 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 22,060 11,225 10,830 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,570 795 780 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,820 1,500 1,325 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,115 1,140 975 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 25 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 80 45 40 225 110 110
Marathi 180 95 90 535 280 255
Nepali 290 150 140 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,445 4,210 4,235 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 185 100 85 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 220 225 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,885 2,960 2,930 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,525 2,775 2,755 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,275 665 610 1,650 875 780
Pashto 415 210 205 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,835 1,895 1,940 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 60,265 29,325 30,935 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 25 15 10 125 65 55
Italian 29,610 14,420 15,195 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 11,550 5,725 5,820 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 3,010 1,425 1,580 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 16,015 7,710 8,305 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 60 40 25
Japanese 800 260 540 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 30 15 15 65 40 25
Georgian 25 15 10 65 40 25
Korean 3,725 1,705 2,020 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,205 1,020 1,185 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 370 175 190 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 30 15 15 80 45 30
Ewe 40 15 25 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 10 20 10 5
Ga 35 20 20 35 15 15
Ganda 45 20 20 65 35 30
Igbo 90 45 45 160 90 65
Lingala 40 20 25 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 40 50 105 45 55
Shona 340 150 195 150 70 85
Swahili 450 200 250 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 175 95 75 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 180 225 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 155 80 75 265 135 135
Dinka 20 5 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 190 85 100
Sign languages 295 150 140 620 330 295
American Sign Language 125 55 65 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 75 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,005 7,530 8,475 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 15,605 7,330 8,280 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 5,065 2,385 2,690 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 65 30 35 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 9,205 4,305 4,900 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 355 175 180 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 65 80 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 750 360 380 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 195 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 100 50 55 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 260 135 125 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 990 440 550 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 650 315 335 800 405 400
Thai 335 125 210 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,365 725 645 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 70 35 35 495 275 225
Turkish 1,215 645 570 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 20 10 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 10 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 6,390 2,915 3,480 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 375 165 210 455 195 260
Finnish 350 145 205 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 5,665 2,600 3,065 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 65 35 365 200 170
Multiple responses 23,280 11,185 12,095 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,725 1,735 1,990 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 18,300 8,865 9,435 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 730 345 385 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 520 245 275 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,381,050 673,805 707,250 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,332,885 650,820 682,060 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,232,685 603,305 629,380 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,225,420 600,070 625,350 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 7,265 3,235 4,030 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 100,195 47,520 52,680 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 100,145 47,500 52,650 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,650 5,275 5,370 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 830 380 450 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 35 20 20 80 40 35
Somali 790 360 425 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 9,775 4,880 4,905 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 85 35 45 535 250 290
Arabic 7,725 3,845 3,875 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,480 735 745 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 80 75 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 100 50 50 785 400 385
Maltese 50 25 25 5 5 0
Tigrigna 90 50 45 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,770 1,760 2,005 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 550 240 310 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,220 1,520 1,695 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,850 1,700 2,155 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 135 65 65 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 210 100 115 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,395 1,485 1,915 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 250 110 145 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 70 100 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,095 520 575 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 15 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 530 250 280 885 450 435
Tamil 405 185 220 1,935 965 965
Telugu 130 65 65 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 62,770 29,630 33,150 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 835 400 430 530 255 270
Armenian 225 100 125 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 18,580 8,715 9,860 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 280 105 170 160 75 90
Latvian 115 40 70 65 30 35
Lithuanian 165 65 100 90 45 50
Slavic languages 18,300 8,610 9,695 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 705 360 350 540 270 270
Bulgarian 285 135 150 925 425 495
Croatian 2,465 1,140 1,320 1,795 840 955
Czech 615 290 325 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 270 130 145 120 60 60
Polish 6,080 2,760 3,320 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,005 955 1,050 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 4,090 2,020 2,065 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 240 125 120 435 205 235
Slovak 285 135 150 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 125 150 60 25 35
Ukrainian 945 420 530 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 2,745 1,320 1,425 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 160 80 80 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 500 240 260 685 325 365
Frisian 20 10 5 5 5 0
German 1,975 950 1,030 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 25 10 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 1,085 530 560 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 16,265 8,060 8,210 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 13,080 6,525 6,555 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 970 480 495 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,645 850 795 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 995 540 455 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 20 10 5 40 15 15
Marathi 55 25 30 245 125 120
Nepali 235 125 115 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,485 2,695 2,790 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 80 40 35 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 95 595 290 305
Urdu 3,395 1,660 1,740 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,105 1,490 1,615 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 685 340 350 1,025 515 505
Pashto 230 110 120 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,045 1,155 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 23,025 10,500 12,530 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 8,305 3,385 4,925 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,385 2,070 2,315 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,355 650 705 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 8,965 4,390 4,575 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 300 130 165 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 2,605 1,205 1,400 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 700 305 395 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 110 50 60 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 10 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 20 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 25 15 15 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 20 45 15 30
Shona 130 50 75 40 15 20
Swahili 225 100 125 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 15 20 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 105 50 55
Dinka 5 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 450 250 205 830 460 370
American Sign Language 140 70 70 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 310 175 135 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,750 5,215 5,530 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 10,455 5,065 5,390 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 3,045 1,440 1,605 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 10 15 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,675 3,255 3,420 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 65 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 40 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 245 240 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 290 155 145 1,630 820 810
Burmese 70 35 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 200 105 95 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 530 265 270 1,015 435 580
Lao 360 170 185 335 160 175
Thai 175 90 80 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 685 355 335 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 185 95 90
Turkish 625 320 310 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,630 735 900 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 45 25 25 75 30 45
Finnish 45 25 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,540 685 855 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 110 50 60
Multiple responses 48,170 22,975 25,190 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 2,435 1,070 1,365 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 44,610 21,390 23,220 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 260 125 135 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 860 390 470 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,381,050 673,805 707,250 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,243,445 609,295 634,150 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 46,285 22,440 23,845 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 14,665 6,150 8,520 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 74,600 34,955 39,645 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 355 165 190 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 74,245 34,795 39,450 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 350 160 195 965 435 530
English and non-official language 775 400 380 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 920 405 515 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,150,170 555,830 594,345 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,107,280 535,570 571,710 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,584 40,669 28,108 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,107,615 535,605 572,010 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,673 36,437 26,074 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 989,915 488,770 501,140 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,359 39,168 25,033 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 814,005 362,770 451,235 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,293 4,839 6,844 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 807,585 417,715 389,865 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,352 38,476 27,638 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,150,180 555,815 594,365 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,107,720 535,510 572,210 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,205 53,566 37,380 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,108,090 535,565 572,525 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,755 43,737 32,160 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 990,020 488,295 501,725 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,875 52,965 35,029 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 814,380 363,370 451,015 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,150 7,768 8,457 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 807,625 417,345 390,285 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,518 50,420 36,137 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,150,180 555,815 594,365 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 383,430 215,180 168,255 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,533 59,648 47,119 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,087 71,626 54,445 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.3 82.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.5 65.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.7 17.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,150,170 555,830 594,340 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 42,890 20,255 22,630 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,107,285 535,570 571,710 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 150,560 64,400 86,165 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 191,790 74,150 117,640 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 162,210 64,815 97,395 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 131,360 60,415 70,940 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 114,230 55,535 58,700 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 88,165 47,020 41,145 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 66,415 38,275 28,140 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 48,750 29,625 19,125 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 38,070 23,555 14,520 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 33,330 19,265 14,060 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 82,400 58,510 23,895 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 56,500 39,000 17,500 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 25,900 19,515 6,390 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,150,170 555,830 594,345 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 42,555 20,225 22,330 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,107,610 535,605 572,010 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 155,530 65,465 90,065 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 200,515 77,715 122,800 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 186,985 76,780 110,205 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 156,475 74,085 82,390 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 127,965 66,350 61,620 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 88,435 50,865 37,565 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 61,385 37,860 23,525 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 47,415 28,495 18,920 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 82,910 57,985 24,920 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 29,120 18,705 10,415 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 16,030 11,325 4,710 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 37,760 27,960 9,800 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,150,170 555,825 594,345 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 342,585 138,110 204,470 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 807,590 417,720 389,870 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.2 65.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 123,715 65,820 57,895 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 66,070 28,780 37,290 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 106,755 45,970 60,785 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 87,840 37,820 50,025 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 81,040 35,935 45,105 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 74,185 35,460 38,720 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 61,560 33,765 27,795 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 46,770 28,005 18,755 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 36,660 22,900 13,760 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 123,000 83,265 39,730 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 30,250 18,935 11,320 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 28,970 16,525 12,445 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 63,775 47,815 15,960 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,536 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,373 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 151,565 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,281 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,233 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 406,595 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,069 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,157 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,713 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,953 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 151,500 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,884 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,128 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 406,665 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,786 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,044 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 558,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,990 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,430 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,160 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,410 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,730 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,085 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,710 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 24,560 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 24,290 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,500 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 44,495 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 40,620 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,030 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 33,755 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,820 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 179,560 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 59,490 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,595 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 44,845 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 34,620 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 558,160 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,455 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,590 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,400 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,360 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,665 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 24,785 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 27,260 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 28,665 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 28,720 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 27,675 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 51,970 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 46,835 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 42,705 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 37,065 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,195 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 132,810 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,620 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,310 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 43,880 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 393,930 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,290 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,266 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 148,290 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,978 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,749 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 170,220 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,553 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,044 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 65,300 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,761 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,009 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 393,930 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,187 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,248 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 148,205 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,402 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,052 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 170,340 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,622 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,109 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 65,230 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,901 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,296 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 193,145 90,235 102,915 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,198 33,682 29,474 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,663 30,496 27,413 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 192,845 90,000 102,845 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,707 43,163 38,558 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,630 36,036 33,400 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,372,635 670,025 702,610 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 663,955 313,295 350,665 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 125,215 59,800 65,415 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 131,240 57,815 73,425 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 134,510 62,810 71,695 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 134,660 64,845 69,820 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 138,330 68,020 70,315 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 708,675 356,730 351,945 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 140,005 69,495 70,510 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 144,280 72,070 72,210 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 146,200 73,530 72,670 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 149,085 75,615 73,470 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 129,105 66,020 63,085 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,371,890 669,640 702,250 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 270,540 138,910 131,625 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 84,945 43,525 41,420 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 852,285 416,805 435,480 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 249,065 113,925 135,140 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 185,885 84,825 101,055 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 48,645 24,915 23,730 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 16,505 8,400 8,110 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 110,710 50,675 60,030 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 26,530 9,245 17,290 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.7 14.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.2 13.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.1 12.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,270 56,895 62,375 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 28,750 14,725 14,025 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,845 4,975 4,870 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 80,190 38,505 41,680 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 10,330 3,660 6,670 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.5 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.4 11.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.2 4.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,372,610 670,030 702,580 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,357,525 663,975 693,550 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,356,575 663,550 693,025 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 90,070 38,980 51,090 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 291,635 138,980 152,650 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 650 310 335 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 255 130 125 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 15 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 10 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 205 105 95 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 190 100 90 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 15 0 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 15 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 380 175 210 0 10 10
Cayuga 110 30 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 290 150 145 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 20 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 291,005 138,680 152,330 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,025 12,270 11,755 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 60 35 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,430 620 810 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 100 40 60 190 110 80
Somali 1,320 580 745 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,670 11,690 10,980 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 340 175 160 1,755 905 855
Arabic 18,720 9,680 9,040 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,865 1,435 1,425 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 185 165 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,000 535 470 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 615 300 315 165 90 80
Tigrigna 200 85 115 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,260 3,765 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,335 580 755 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 5,755 2,715 3,040 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 12,120 4,710 7,405 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 50 30 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 440 140 300 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 50 20 25 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 100 45 60 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 705 280 425 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 380 160 225 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 40 50 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 10 15 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,385 4,420 6,965 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 1,335 655 680 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 140 55 85 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 550 260 290 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 640 335 305 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,045 1,500 1,545 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 175 95 85 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,505 745 760 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,255 615 635 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 325 175 160 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 208,165 99,785 108,375 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 2,065 1,005 1,055 1,135 580 555
Armenian 780 385 395 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 54,880 25,650 29,220 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,510 655 860 635 310 325
Latvian 650 285 365 310 175 140
Lithuanian 860 360 495 325 135 185
Slavic languages 53,505 25,070 28,430 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 55 20 35 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,910 970 940 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 520 260 260 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 10,125 4,990 5,135 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 2,110 985 1,125 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,170 555 615 345 180 160
Polish 18,545 8,235 10,310 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 5,570 2,635 2,935 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 9,490 4,840 4,645 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 655 340 320 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,365 650 715 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,295 575 720 725 330 400
Ukrainian 5,495 2,290 3,215 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 305 165 135 250 120 125
Celtic languages 380 180 205 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 175 85 85 350 225 120
Welsh 65 30 35 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 150 60 85 685 370 320
Germanic languages 32,415 14,985 17,425 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 905 415 485 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 625 260 365 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 11,740 5,670 6,070 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 405 215 190 120 55 65
German 18,535 8,465 10,070 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 30 15 15 215 110 100
Norwegian 175 65 115 1,405 730 680
Swedish 465 200 265 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 410 165 245 220 125 100
Yiddish 80 30 45 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 75 40 30
Greek 4,280 2,250 2,030 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 34,950 17,630 17,320 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 28,675 14,455 14,220 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,080 1,035 1,050 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,640 1,880 1,760 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 8,965 4,600 4,370 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 30 10 15 45 25 20
Konkani 100 35 60 375 185 190
Marathi 325 180 145 1,275 650 625
Nepali 280 155 120 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,055 6,140 5,915 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 360 155 205 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 300 290 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,830 4,420 4,415 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 6,520 3,290 3,230 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,945 1,005 935 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 440 245 195 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,415 2,195 2,215 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 240 130 110 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 83,055 39,925 43,130 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 45 25 10 245 125 120
Italian 40,115 19,350 20,765 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 14,930 7,410 7,520 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,670 1,745 1,930 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 26,820 12,595 14,225 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 170 105 65 220 130 85
Japanese 1,480 690 795 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 20 15 0 90 50 40
Georgian 25 15 10 90 50 45
Korean 4,320 1,940 2,385 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 4,310 2,050 2,265 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 700 330 370 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 25 115 65 55
Ewe 65 30 40 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 80 30 50 95 60 35
Ganda 65 25 35 105 60 45
Igbo 255 165 90 240 140 95
Lingala 425 210 220 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 40 70 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 215 100 115 210 95 115
Shona 575 260 315 265 125 140
Swahili 1,140 520 620 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 35 20 20 30 15 15
Yoruba 395 200 195 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 765 360 410 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 145 300 150 150
Dinka 20 15 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 260 130 135 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,055 920 1,145 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,015 390 630 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,050 530 525 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,210 8,775 9,440 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 17,750 8,535 9,220 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 6,420 2,990 3,430 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 95 35 55 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 11,720 5,635 6,085 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 550 250 300 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 125 130 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 850 410 440 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 235 220 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 85 50 35 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 185 175 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,535 680 850 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 980 450 530 1,125 505 620
Thai 725 305 420 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,815 930 880 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 130 65 60 835 455 385
Turkish 1,565 795 770 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 70 35 35 105 50 55
Uzbek 35 20 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 35 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 7,350 3,375 3,975 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 450 215 240 495 205 295
Finnish 470 180 290 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 6,435 2,985 3,445 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 190 150 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,372,610 670,030 702,575 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,310,195 640,865 669,330 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 262,830 135,135 127,695 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,047,365 505,730 541,635 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,410 29,165 33,250 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,372,610 670,030 702,580 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,089,785 536,010 553,775 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 270,440 127,560 142,880 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 120,640 56,940 63,705 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 32,430 15,645 16,780 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 42,885 20,165 22,720 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 50,725 23,550 27,175 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 25,130 11,630 13,505 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 25,595 11,920 13,670 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,755 11,265 12,495 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,390 6,460 5,930 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 270,440 127,560 142,875 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 33,040 16,300 16,740 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 56,300 28,385 27,905 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 65,545 29,195 36,355 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 98,180 45,720 52,460 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 17,370 7,955 9,415 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 270,435 127,560 142,875 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 39,940 17,700 22,240 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 870 340 530 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,465 1,625 1,840 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,355 1,110 1,250 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,985 865 1,125 920 415 500
Haiti 420 190 225 265 110 160
Jamaica 5,030 2,470 2,565 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,885 875 1,010 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 560 245 315 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 2,660 1,195 1,470 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,875 5,075 7,795 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 7,840 3,725 4,120 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 141,965 68,005 73,965 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,640 1,820 1,815 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 7,085 3,580 3,505 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 995 480 510 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 8,075 3,600 4,475 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 2,205 1,230 980 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 3,300 1,575 1,725 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,715 795 920 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 20,890 10,410 10,475 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 9,775 5,035 4,740 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 12,155 5,355 6,795 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 8,425 4,285 4,140 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 3,370 1,560 1,805 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,735 715 1,015 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,945 1,395 1,545 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 2,205 945 1,260 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 41,575 19,585 21,990 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 11,885 5,625 6,265 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 13,565 6,685 6,880 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 205 95 105 430 270 150
Egypt 1,980 1,055 925 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 455 205 250 1,665 835 825
Kenya 920 420 495 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 270 165 110 730 385 340
Nigeria 695 345 355 1,205 630 575
Somalia 755 320 435 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,720 795 925 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 6,565 3,285 3,280 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 73,820 34,550 39,270 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,310 625 690 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,280 645 630 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,315 3,675 4,640 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 570 670 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 13,500 6,560 6,935 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,250 1,155 1,105 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 5,720 2,865 2,855 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 515 170 345 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,790 1,265 1,525 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,570 770 800 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 5,725 2,860 2,860 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 11,265 4,470 6,795 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,130 565 565 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,305 1,180 1,120 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 470 200 275 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 4,465 2,025 2,435 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 9,975 4,940 5,035 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,140 620 520 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,755 11,260 12,495 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,350 2,200 2,145 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 130 50 80 960 445 520
Colombia 575 270 300 465 220 240
Cuba 250 130 115 70 35 30
Haiti 140 60 80 15 0 10
Jamaica 590 360 230 160 115 45
Mexico 340 170 170 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 650 620 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 80 95 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 885 435 450 1,855 875 975
Europe 3,660 1,795 1,865 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 95 55 45 790 415 370
Germany 155 80 80 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 80 50 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20