Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Central West,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 922,255 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 840,044 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,639 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 276,238 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 355.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,591.38 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 922,260 455,570 466,690 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 179,110 92,515 86,595 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 55,260 28,610 26,645 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 61,785 31,870 29,920 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 62,070 32,035 30,030 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 626,975 309,325 317,650 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 65,965 34,600 31,360 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 66,175 34,770 31,405 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 60,770 30,375 30,395 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 63,150 29,790 33,360 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 64,495 30,115 34,380 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 65,110 30,945 34,160 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 67,365 32,815 34,550 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 68,300 34,010 34,285 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 58,335 29,105 29,235 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 47,320 22,795 24,525 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 116,175 53,725 62,445 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 40,920 19,480 21,445 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 28,925 13,980 14,945 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 20,485 9,565 10,920 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 13,900 6,230 7,670 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 11,940 4,470 7,465 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,890 3,230 4,660 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,215 1,035 2,180 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 710 190 520 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 120 20 95 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.4 20.3 18.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.9 68.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 12.6 11.8 13.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 37.6 36.8 38.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.0 35.9 37.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 276,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 145,235 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,240 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 91,680 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 29,160 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 28,420 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,590 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,420 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 276,240 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 39,845 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 64,505 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 51,405 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 61,105 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 59,385 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,765 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 743,150 363,055 380,095 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 433,875 216,975 216,900 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 400,320 200,215 200,105 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 33,555 16,760 16,795 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 309,275 146,080 163,195 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 220,595 118,355 102,235 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 20,055 7,890 12,170 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 33,910 12,920 20,995 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 34,710 6,915 27,795 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 256,390 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 93,545 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 61,890 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 70,125 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,830 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 256,390 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 209,840 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 193,080 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,760 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,550 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 38,105 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 8,440 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 209,840 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 68,880 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 140,955 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 47,500 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 64,840 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 28,620 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,545 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 24,660 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 14,390 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 7,495 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 99,535 47,580 51,950 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 276,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 202,540 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,625 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 153,915 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 25,505 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 48,200 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 39,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,355 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 918,155 453,900 464,255 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 830,770 418,720 412,055 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 775 335 445 1,110 530 580
English and French 47,200 20,230 26,970 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 39,410 14,625 24,790 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 918,155 453,900 464,260 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 865,300 433,090 432,210 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 7,855 3,565 4,290 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 6,140 2,885 3,245 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 38,865 14,360 24,505 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,920 5,005 5,915 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 918,160 453,900 464,260 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 875,285 432,515 442,765 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 484,625 240,330 244,295 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 477,520 237,090 240,430 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 7,105 3,235 3,870 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 390,655 192,190 198,475 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 5 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 390,605 192,165 198,445 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,280 9,445 9,840 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 4,125 1,790 2,335 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 115 60 50 165 95 75
Somali 4,010 1,730 2,280 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 15,010 7,580 7,430 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 505 260 245 1,140 560 585
Arabic 7,110 3,655 3,460 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,975 2,450 2,525 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 815 400 405 440 240 195
Harari 55 30 25 25 10 15
Hebrew 55 40 20 1,770 960 805
Maltese 845 430 415 80 40 40
Tigrigna 355 155 200 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 300 160 140 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,540 3,055 3,485 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 150 175 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,200 2,900 3,300 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 16,290 6,820 9,470 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 50 25 25 310 140 170
Cebuano 580 255 325 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 15 5 10 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 165 70 95 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 800 330 470 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 280 125 155 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 105 110 635 290 345
Pangasinan 55 25 25 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,980 5,825 8,160 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 50 20 25 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 830 360 470
Creole languages 1,320 645 675 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 825 405 415 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 220 250 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 21,880 10,765 11,115 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 435 205 225 225 115 110
Malayalam 3,575 1,790 1,790 1,750 905 845
Tamil 15,880 7,740 8,135 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 1,945 1,000 940 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 302,380 150,635 151,750 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,105 545 560 1,090 560 530
Armenian 390 200 195 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 16,415 7,730 8,685 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 225 110 115 645 280 370
Latvian 105 55 50 320 145 175
Lithuanian 120 55 60 325 130 200
Slavic languages 16,195 7,625 8,575 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 245 135 115 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 260 140 120 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,315 1,115 1,195 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 435 205 230 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 565 260 300 250 120 135
Polish 7,535 3,510 4,025 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,595 720 875 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 875 450 420 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 130 55 70 1,145 545 600
Slovak 345 160 190 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 485 230 250 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,370 615 755 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 40 20 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,555 2,485 3,075 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 60 25 30 1,435 730 705
Danish 185 90 100 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,655 715 945 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 45 15 35 80 30 50
German 3,470 1,590 1,885 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 20 835 410 430
Swedish 65 25 40 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,805 890 920 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 215,255 109,020 106,235 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 208,935 105,830 103,105 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 4,080 2,025 2,055 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 23,475 11,890 11,590 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 17,625 8,760 8,870 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 55 30 30 40 25 15
Konkani 325 150 170 225 110 110
Marathi 905 450 455 535 280 255
Nepali 1,325 665 660 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 120 65 60 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,225 67,320 64,910 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 695 350 345 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,005 990 1,010 1,455 730 725
Urdu 26,100 13,140 12,955 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,980 3,025 2,955 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 165 105 60 1,650 875 780
Pashto 930 465 465 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 4,880 2,460 2,420 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 61,800 29,745 32,060 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 27,050 13,215 13,830 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 14,270 6,975 7,290 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,265 560 705 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 19,175 8,970 10,210 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 60 40 25
Japanese 270 105 165 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 1,205 565 635 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 8,455 4,045 4,410 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 4,140 1,965 2,175 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 385 160 225 80 45 30
Ewe 95 50 50 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 20 10 5
Ga 200 90 110 35 15 15
Ganda 110 55 60 65 35 30
Igbo 560 280 275 160 90 65
Lingala 65 35 35 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 20 105 45 55
Shona 110 55 55 150 70 85
Swahili 580 265 310 585 285 295
Wolof 25 10 15 30 10 20
Yoruba 1,380 705 675 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 710 330 380 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 20 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 165 85 75 620 330 295
American Sign Language 45 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 55 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,220 4,275 4,945 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,885 4,105 4,785 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 4,415 2,045 2,370 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 200 85 115 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 3,465 1,600 1,865 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 405 190 215 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 315 140 170 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 165 165 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 70 75 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 10 770 370 400
Tibetan 85 45 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 695 315 375 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 550 265 285 800 405 400
Thai 135 50 90 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 920 475 440 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 35 15 20 495 275 225
Turkish 855 450 400 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,720 780 940 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 105 40 65 455 195 260
Finnish 140 55 80 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,480 685 795 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 365 200 170
Multiple responses 42,875 21,385 21,490 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,750 805 945 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 39,555 19,910 19,645 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 705 280 420 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 870 390 480 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 918,160 453,900 464,255 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 810,295 399,940 410,355 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 579,460 286,540 292,925 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 576,105 284,975 291,130 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,355 1,560 1,795 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 230,835 113,410 117,430 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 230,820 113,400 117,420 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,330 5,385 5,955 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,115 1,440 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 60 30 30 80 40 35
Somali 2,490 1,080 1,410 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,705 4,225 4,475 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 230 115 115 535 250 290
Arabic 3,895 1,920 1,975 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,470 1,665 1,805 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 515 255 260 305 160 145
Harari 15 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 30 20 15 785 400 385
Maltese 215 100 115 5 5 0
Tigrigna 175 80 95 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 75 85 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,415 2,080 2,335 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 75 85 620 290 330
Vietnamese 4,240 1,995 2,245 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 6,675 3,045 3,630 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 225 110 120 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 355 150 205
Ilocano 305 135 170 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 80 40 35 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 40 40 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 5 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,895 2,670 3,220 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 765 375 385 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 25 10 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 520 255 265 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 110 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 14,300 6,970 7,335 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 215 105 110 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,990 985 1,000 885 450 435
Tamil 10,910 5,265 5,650 1,935 965 965
Telugu 1,170 595 570 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 181,045 89,740 91,305 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 515 260 260 530 255 270
Armenian 190 85 100 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 7,405 3,595 3,810 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 55 20 30 160 75 90
Latvian 25 10 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 20 10 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 7,355 3,575 3,780 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 120 65 60 540 270 270
Bulgarian 135 65 70 925 425 495
Croatian 895 435 460 1,795 840 955
Czech 145 70 70 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 195 95 105 120 60 60
Polish 3,660 1,785 1,880 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 975 485 490 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 410 200 205 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 25 435 205 235
Slovak 100 50 55 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 140 70 70 60 25 35
Ukrainian 505 235 275 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 670 305 365 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 110 45 65 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 510 240 270 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 590 270 320 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 145,910 73,210 72,700 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 142,145 71,400 70,750 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,540 1,245 1,300 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 15,235 7,575 7,655 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 9,600 4,740 4,865 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 10 5 10 5 0 0
Konkani 75 40 35 40 15 15
Marathi 460 240 220 245 125 120
Nepali 905 465 440 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95,040 48,040 47,000 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 360 175 185 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,015 500 515 595 290 305
Urdu 16,830 8,335 8,490 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,625 1,750 1,875 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 75 40 35 1,025 515 505
Pashto 595 295 300 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,950 1,410 1,540 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 25,770 12,015 13,755 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 9,100 4,070 5,030 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 5,510 2,665 2,845 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 545 260 285 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 10,595 5,015 5,580 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 125 60 60 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 5 15 10 10
Korean 845 395 450 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 3,375 1,565 1,810 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 1,995 905 1,090 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 110 50 65 15 5 5
Ewe 15 10 10 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 5 0 0
Ganda 45 25 25 5 5 5
Igbo 180 100 80 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 45 15 30
Shona 50 30 20 40 15 20
Swahili 210 100 110 155 60 90
Wolof 15 10 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 490 230 260 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 250 150 105 830 460 370
American Sign Language 70 35 35 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 185 110 75 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,070 2,850 3,220 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,875 2,750 3,125 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,840 1,305 1,535 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 90 40 55 670 280 390
Mandarin 2,520 1,210 1,310 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 170 80 90 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 195 100 95 1,630 820 810
Burmese 95 45 45 685 350 335
Karenic languages 15 5 10 685 335 350
Tibetan 75 45 30 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 335 165 170 1,015 435 580
Lao 280 130 150 335 160 175
Thai 55 30 25 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 570 285 285 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 530 270 265 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 620 305 315 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 30 20 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 575 280 290 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 110 50 60
Multiple responses 107,865 53,955 53,905 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,790 795 995 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 104,040 52,240 51,800 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 315 145 170 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,725 785 940 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 918,160 453,900 464,260 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 705,905 348,125 357,785 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 94,410 48,515 45,900 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 5,720 2,405 3,315 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 108,270 52,930 55,340 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 10 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 108,240 52,915 55,320 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 455 220 235 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,490 1,330 1,165 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 865 360 505 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 737,780 360,840 376,940 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 693,940 340,020 353,925 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,454 34,197 25,691 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 694,035 340,035 354,000 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,380 31,297 24,318 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 604,645 307,020 297,620 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,848 35,162 24,903 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 509,865 224,745 285,115 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,656 1,065 4,509 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,085 275,680 254,410 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,552 36,028 27,607 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 737,910 360,855 377,050 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,325 340,005 354,325 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,187 44,795 33,805 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,435 340,025 354,410 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,358 37,356 29,521 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 605,085 306,785 298,300 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,459 45,651 33,092 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 508,955 223,985 284,970 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,547 5,471 7,393 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,140 275,595 254,545 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,241 45,606 34,431 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 737,910 360,855 377,050 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 248,950 142,205 106,740 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,646 54,021 45,123 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,777 62,340 51,699 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.8 92.0 82.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.3 82.3 73.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.2 8.0 17.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 737,780 360,835 376,940 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 43,840 20,820 23,020 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 693,935 340,015 353,920 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.2 93.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,910 55,065 68,850 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 130,350 55,140 75,205 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 97,065 43,340 53,725 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 80,270 37,470 42,795 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 68,635 32,805 35,835 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 52,555 27,610 24,945 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 38,795 22,390 16,405 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 28,425 17,570 10,855 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 20,795 13,125 7,670 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 16,675 9,925 6,755 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 36,470 25,585 10,885 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 26,665 18,255 8,410 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 9,805 7,330 2,475 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 737,780 360,835 376,940 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 43,745 20,800 22,940 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 694,035 340,035 354,000 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.2 93.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 125,340 55,525 69,815 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 135,980 57,900 78,080 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 111,995 50,490 61,505 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 94,655 44,945 49,710 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 77,930 39,690 38,235 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 52,840 30,200 22,640 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 34,785 21,615 13,170 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 24,125 14,685 9,445 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 36,390 24,990 11,400 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 14,005 8,800 5,205 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 7,635 5,350 2,285 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 14,745 10,840 3,910 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 737,775 360,835 376,940 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 207,695 85,160 122,530 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 530,085 275,680 254,410 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.8 76.4 67.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 64,635 30,260 34,370 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 46,130 20,205 25,925 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 78,625 37,935 40,690 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 64,925 31,115 33,810 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 60,455 28,915 31,540 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 53,790 26,410 27,375 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 42,540 23,535 19,000 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 31,855 19,280 12,580 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 24,075 15,400 8,670 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 63,060 42,615 20,445 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 18,015 11,660 6,355 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 15,055 8,950 6,110 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 29,985 22,000 7,980 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 276,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,172 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,472 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,691 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,637 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 236,395 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,965 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,155 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 276,285 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,478 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,842 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,875 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,050 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,013 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 236,410 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,984 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,235 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 276,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,725 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,280 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,850 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,935 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,360 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,670 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,800 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,740 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,105 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,350 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,905 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,765 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,765 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,810 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,680 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 109,505 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,435 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,375 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 28,170 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 18,530 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 276,235 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,925 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,920 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,175 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,075 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,495 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,935 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,270 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,170 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,465 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,490 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,440 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,390 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,430 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,140 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 84,605 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,255 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,980 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,375 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 232,885 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,233 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,675 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.7 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,175 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,953 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,322 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 139,435 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,142 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,585 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,190 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,653 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,640 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 232,725 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,503 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,891 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,360 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,660 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,631 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 139,450 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,963 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,383 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,905 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,992 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,081 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,005 35,045 30,955 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,267 32,926 29,787 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,736 29,892 27,607 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,065 35,130 30,935 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,191 41,007 39,263 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,976 34,321 33,584 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,765 453,290 463,475 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 475,015 231,460 243,555 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 73,845 36,780 37,065 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 93,280 44,315 48,960 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 101,885 49,175 52,710 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 103,345 50,645 52,700 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 102,660 50,545 52,120 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 441,750 221,830 219,920 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 100,415 49,670 50,750 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 97,740 48,730 49,010 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 93,065 46,835 46,230 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 88,550 44,795 43,760 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 61,975 31,805 30,170 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,765 453,290 463,475 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 217,490 112,465 105,025 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 66,955 34,615 32,340 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 586,895 288,240 298,650 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 112,380 52,580 59,800 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,715 54,660 59,055 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 38,325 19,875 18,455 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 12,840 6,725 6,115 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 64,635 30,455 34,180 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 10,755 4,335 6,420 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 12.1 12.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.7 17.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.4 18.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.6 11.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.6 8.2 10.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 87,215 43,225 43,985 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 27,270 14,160 13,110 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,300 4,865 4,435 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 53,675 26,620 27,060 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 6,265 2,445 3,820 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.1 13.7 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.7 6.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,855 453,300 463,560 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 877,530 438,720 438,810 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 876,870 438,475 438,395 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 47,480 20,405 27,070 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 491,555 242,320 249,240 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 105 50 55 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 40 50 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 30 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 35 15 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 491,455 242,270 249,185 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 25,280 12,395 12,880 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 30 15 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 25 15 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 5,870 2,555 3,310 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 105 45 65 190 110 80
Somali 5,755 2,510 3,250 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 19,400 9,835 9,565 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 980 455 530 1,755 905 855
Arabic 13,140 6,810 6,330 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,020 2,920 3,100 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,025 500 525 545 270 275
Harari 150 65 85 55 35 20
Hebrew 255 140 120 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,135 560 575 165 90 80
Tigrigna 505 245 255 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 310 180 135 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 340 160 185 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,425 3,805 4,625 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 380 145 235 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 8,050 3,665 4,385 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 20,620 8,735 11,885 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 45 25 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 900 385 515 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 15 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 235 105 135 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,120 435 690 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 725 345 375 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 95 145 775 350 430
Pangasinan 55 25 30 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,380 8,210 11,165 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 3,870 1,745 2,120 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 90 45 50 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,935 910 1,025 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,840 790 1,050 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 29,180 14,585 14,605 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 920 445 470 445 210 235
Malayalam 4,620 2,325 2,295 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 21,860 10,900 10,965 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 2,940 1,545 1,395 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 380,210 189,990 190,220 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,515 765 750 1,135 580 555
Armenian 660 310 345 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 19,050 8,975 10,080 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 280 120 160 635 310 325
Latvian 115 45 75 310 175 140
Lithuanian 160 70 85 325 135 185
Slavic languages 18,815 8,870 9,950 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 25 10 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 435 215 220 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 345 185 160 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,015 1,405 1,605 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 455 225 230 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 855 405 445 345 180 160
Polish 8,660 4,050 4,605 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,735 1,335 1,405 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,150 580 570 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 170 75 95 1,240 595 645
Slovak 400 170 230 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 620 290 335 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,765 750 1,015 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 80 45 35 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 30 20 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 7,700 3,625 4,075 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 210 95 115 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 190 120 70 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,965 870 1,100 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 40 15 30 120 55 65
German 5,230 2,505 2,725 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 110 50 60 1,405 730 680
Swedish 140 60 80 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 75 40 30
Greek 2,515 1,305 1,215 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 266,900 135,690 131,210 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 260,345 132,440 127,910 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 5,145 2,545 2,600 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 30,175 15,400 14,780 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 84,820 42,945 41,870 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 155 70 80 45 25 20
Konkani 720 330 385 375 185 190
Marathi 1,895 995 895 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,500 760 745 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 155 75 80 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170,120 87,280 82,835 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 950 450 500 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,175 1,640 1,535 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 40,510 20,505 20,000 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 7,415 3,650 3,760 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 270 165 110 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,435 725 710 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 6,100 2,990 3,110 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 785 375 410 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 84,400 40,615 43,785 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 38,425 18,740 19,680 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 19,065 9,330 9,730 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,520 695 820 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 27,850 12,990 14,865 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 220 130 85
Japanese 595 285 315 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 1,370 635 740 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 15,310 7,395 7,915 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 6,395 3,040 3,360 495 280 215
Bamanankan 25 10 15 20 10 10
Edo 805 405 405 115 65 55
Ewe 95 60 40 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 30 45 10 35
Ga 465 250 215 95 60 35
Ganda 190 100 90 105 60 45
Igbo 1,005 535 470 240 140 95
Lingala 415 170 245 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 210 95 115
Shona 160 65 100 265 125 140
Swahili 1,735 855 880 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 65 30 30 30 15 15
Yoruba 3,100 1,505 1,590 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,385 665 720 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 40 40 300 150 150
Dinka 0 10 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 250 120 135
Sign languages 750 365 380 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 300 135 165 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 455 240 220 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,310 5,395 5,920 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 11,015 5,225 5,785 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 5,865 2,815 3,060 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 200 85 120 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,335 2,460 2,875 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 555 270 290 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 60 85 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 170 170 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 300 170 135 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 75 40 35 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 15 10 15 905 455 450
Tibetan 95 55 40 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 995 500 495 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 825 410 415 1,125 505 620
Thai 255 130 120 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,240 695 550 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 45 25 15 835 455 385
Turkish 1,175 665 510 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,950 880 1,075 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 160 50 120 495 205 295
Finnish 140 65 75 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,650 765 880 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 570 315 255 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,855 453,300 463,560 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 798,360 395,405 402,955 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 203,840 105,540 98,300 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 594,520 289,865 304,655 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 118,500 57,895 60,605 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 453,295 463,560 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 459,505 232,375 227,125 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 442,520 212,610 229,910 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 88,045 41,595 46,450 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 58,290 28,600 29,685 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 105,655 50,390 55,265 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 132,985 64,160 68,820 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 69,425 33,485 35,940 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 63,555 30,675 32,880 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 57,550 27,855 29,690 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 14,835 8,310 6,525 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 442,520 212,605 229,915 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 35,765 18,020 17,750 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 68,885 34,540 34,350 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 113,155 49,635 63,510 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 172,905 86,835 86,070 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 51,805 23,575 28,230 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 442,520 212,610 229,910 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 90,845 40,495 50,350 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 740 305 435 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,685 760 935 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,570 1,300 1,265 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 20,575 9,445 11,130 920 415 500
Haiti 595 300 300 265 110 160
Jamaica 31,565 13,490 18,070 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,135 465 670 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 960 405 555 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 10,635 4,880 5,750 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,570 2,110 2,460 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 15,815 7,030 8,785 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 70,760 33,915 36,850 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 740 380 370 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,575 705 870 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 555 225 330 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,745 1,345 1,400 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,380 695 685 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 865 380 485 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 670 295 375 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 19,610 9,755 9,855 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,515 690 830 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 6,055 2,785 3,275 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 11,085 5,620 5,470 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,380 630 750 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 840 340 500 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 660 365 295 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 980 420 560 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,240 6,480 7,760 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 5,865 2,820 3,045 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 26,810 12,895 13,915 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 95 50 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,190 590 600 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 995 480 515 1,665 835 825
Kenya 2,155 1,045 1,120 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 215 110 105 730 385 340
Nigeria 6,140 3,065 3,080 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,125 1,255 1,865 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 735 345 390 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 12,150 5,950 6,200 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 252,955 124,795 128,155 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 3,835 1,835 2,000 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,860 1,410 1,445 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,185 1,890 2,290 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,145 550 595 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 152,235 76,140 76,095 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 635 495 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 8,005 4,080 3,930 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 200 75 125 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,130 520 610 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,010 525 485 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 24,535 12,495 12,045 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 19,830 8,535 11,300 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 15,190 7,570 7,620 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 690 345 350 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 330 130 205 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 6,840 3,155 3,690 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 9,800 4,905 4,890 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,150 510 640 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 57,550 27,855 29,690 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 7,655 3,720 3,945 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 185 85 100 960 445 520
Colombia 240 80 160 465 220 240
Cuba 180 90 90 70 35 30
Haiti 205 85 120 15 0 10
Jamaica 2,835 1,490 1,345 160 115 45
Mexico 255 125 135 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 435 405 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 2,880 1,310 1,570 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,685 775 910 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 60 10 50 790 415 370
Germany 70 45 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 20 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 200 110 90
Romania