Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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Characteristic Central West,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 922,255 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 840,044 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,639 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 276,238 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 355.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,591.38 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 922,260 455,570 466,690 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 179,110 92,515 86,595 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 55,260 28,610 26,645 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 61,785 31,870 29,920 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 62,070 32,035 30,030 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 626,975 309,325 317,650 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 65,965 34,600 31,360 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 66,175 34,770 31,405 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 60,770 30,375 30,395 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 63,150 29,790 33,360 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 64,495 30,115 34,380 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 65,110 30,945 34,160 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 67,365 32,815 34,550 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 68,300 34,010 34,285 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 58,335 29,105 29,235 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 47,320 22,795 24,525 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 116,175 53,725 62,445 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 40,920 19,480 21,445 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 28,925 13,980 14,945 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 20,485 9,565 10,920 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 13,900 6,230 7,670 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 11,940 4,470 7,465 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 7,890 3,230 4,660 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,215 1,035 2,180 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 710 190 520 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 120 20 95 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.4 20.3 18.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.9 68.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.6 11.8 13.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.6 36.8 38.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 37.0 35.9 37.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 276,235 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 145,235 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,240 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 91,680 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 29,160 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 28,420 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,590 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,420 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 276,240 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 39,845 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 64,505 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 51,405 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 61,105 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 59,385 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,765 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 743,150 363,055 380,095 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 433,875 216,975 216,900 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 400,320 200,215 200,105 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 33,555 16,760 16,795 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 309,275 146,080 163,195 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 220,595 118,355 102,235 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 20,055 7,890 12,170 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 33,910 12,920 20,995 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 34,710 6,915 27,795 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 256,390 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 93,545 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 61,890 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 70,125 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,830 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 256,390 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 209,840 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 193,080 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,760 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,550 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 38,105 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 8,440 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 209,840 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 68,880 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 140,955 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 47,500 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 64,840 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 28,620 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,545 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 24,660 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 14,390 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 7,495 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 99,535 47,580 51,950 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 276,235 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 202,540 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,625 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 153,915 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 25,505 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 48,200 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 39,840 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,355 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 918,155 453,900 464,255 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 830,770 418,720 412,055 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 775 335 445 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 47,200 20,230 26,970 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 39,410 14,625 24,790 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 918,155 453,900 464,260 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 865,300 433,090 432,210 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 7,855 3,565 4,290 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 6,140 2,885 3,245 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 38,865 14,360 24,505 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,920 5,005 5,915 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 918,160 453,900 464,260 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 875,285 432,515 442,765 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 484,625 240,330 244,295 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 477,520 237,090 240,430 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,105 3,235 3,870 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 390,655 192,190 198,475 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 5 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 390,605 192,165 198,445 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,280 9,445 9,840 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 4,125 1,790 2,335 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 115 60 50 1,445 720 730
Somali 4,010 1,730 2,280 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 15,010 7,580 7,430 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 505 260 245 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 7,110 3,655 3,460 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,975 2,450 2,525 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 815 400 405 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 55 30 25 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 55 40 20 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 845 430 415 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 355 155 200 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 300 160 140 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,540 3,055 3,485 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 150 175 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 6,200 2,900 3,300 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 16,290 6,820 9,470 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 50 25 25 595 260 330
Cebuano 580 255 325 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 15 5 10 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 165 70 95 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 800 330 470 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 280 125 155 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 105 110 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 55 25 25 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,980 5,825 8,160 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 50 20 25 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 1,320 645 675 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 825 405 415 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 220 250 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 21,880 10,765 11,115 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 435 205 225 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 3,575 1,790 1,790 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 15,880 7,740 8,135 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 1,945 1,000 940 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 302,380 150,635 151,750 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,105 545 560 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 390 200 195 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 16,415 7,730 8,685 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 225 110 115 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 105 55 50 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 120 55 60 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 16,195 7,625 8,575 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 245 135 115 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 260 140 120 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 2,315 1,115 1,195 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 435 205 230 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 565 260 300 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 7,535 3,510 4,025 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,595 720 875 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 875 450 420 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 130 55 70 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 345 160 190 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 485 230 250 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,370 615 755 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 40 20 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 5,555 2,485 3,075 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 60 25 30 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 185 90 100 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,655 715 945 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 45 15 35 1,240 630 620
German 3,470 1,590 1,885 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 15 20 940 405 540
Swedish 65 25 40 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,805 890 920 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 215,255 109,020 106,235 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 208,935 105,830 103,105 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 4,080 2,025 2,055 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 23,475 11,890 11,590 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 17,625 8,760 8,870 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 55 30 30 345 170 175
Konkani 325 150 170 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 905 450 455 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 1,325 665 660 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 120 65 60 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,225 67,320 64,910 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 695 350 345 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,005 990 1,010 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 26,100 13,140 12,955 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5,980 3,025 2,955 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 165 105 60 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 930 465 465 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 4,880 2,460 2,420 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 61,800 29,745 32,060 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 27,050 13,215 13,830 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 14,270 6,975 7,290 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,265 560 705 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 19,175 8,970 10,210 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 420 200 215
Japanese 270 105 165 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,205 565 635 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 8,455 4,045 4,410 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 4,140 1,965 2,175 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 385 160 225 1,140 475 670
Ewe 95 50 50 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 365 180 185
Ga 200 90 110 600 275 325
Ganda 110 55 60 760 360 400
Igbo 560 280 275 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 65 35 35 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 110 55 55 1,455 660 790
Swahili 580 265 310 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 25 10 15 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,380 705 675 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 710 330 380 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 20 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 165 85 75 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 45 20 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 55 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,220 4,275 4,945 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 8,885 4,105 4,785 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 4,415 2,045 2,370 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 200 85 115 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,465 1,600 1,865 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 405 190 215 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 315 140 170 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 165 165 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 140 70 75 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 20 10 10 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 85 45 40 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 695 315 375 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 550 265 285 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 135 50 90 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 920 475 440 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 35 15 20 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 855 450 400 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 5 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,720 780 940 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 105 40 65 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 140 55 80 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,480 685 795 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 42,875 21,385 21,490 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,750 805 945 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 39,555 19,910 19,645 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 705 280 420 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 870 390 480 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 918,160 453,900 464,255 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 810,295 399,940 410,355 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 579,460 286,540 292,925 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 576,105 284,975 291,130 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,355 1,560 1,795 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 230,835 113,410 117,430 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 230,820 113,400 117,420 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,330 5,385 5,955 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,115 1,440 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 60 30 30 805 380 425
Somali 2,490 1,080 1,410 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 8,705 4,225 4,475 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 230 115 115 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 3,895 1,920 1,975 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,470 1,665 1,805 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 515 255 260 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 15 5 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 30 20 15 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 215 100 115 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 175 80 95 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 75 85 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,415 2,080 2,335 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 75 85 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 4,240 1,995 2,245 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 6,675 3,045 3,630 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 225 110 120 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 910 385 530
Ilocano 305 135 170 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 80 40 35 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 40 40 445 200 250
Pangasinan 15 5 10 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,895 2,670 3,220 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 765 375 385 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 25 10 10 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 520 255 265 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 110 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 14,300 6,970 7,335 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 215 105 110 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 1,990 985 1,000 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 10,910 5,265 5,650 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 1,170 595 570 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 181,045 89,740 91,305 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 515 260 260 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 190 85 100 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 7,405 3,595 3,810 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 55 20 30 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 25 10 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 20 10 15 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 7,355 3,575 3,780 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 120 65 60 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 135 65 70 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 895 435 460 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 145 70 70 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 195 95 105 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 3,660 1,785 1,880 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 975 485 490 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 410 200 205 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 25 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 100 50 55 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 140 70 70 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 505 235 275 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 670 305 365 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 20 10 10 280 135 150
Dutch 110 45 65 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 5 5 90 45 45
German 510 240 270 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 15 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 590 270 320 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 145,910 73,210 72,700 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 142,145 71,400 70,750 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 2,540 1,245 1,300 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 15,235 7,575 7,655 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 9,600 4,740 4,865 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 10 5 10 65 30 35
Konkani 75 40 35 540 260 280
Marathi 460 240 220 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 905 465 440 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95,040 48,040 47,000 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 360 175 185 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,015 500 515 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 16,830 8,335 8,490 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,625 1,750 1,875 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 75 40 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 595 295 300 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 2,950 1,410 1,540 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 25,770 12,015 13,755 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 9,100 4,070 5,030 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 5,510 2,665 2,845 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 545 260 285 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 10,595 5,015 5,580 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 125 60 60 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 0 5 775 420 355
Korean 845 395 450 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 0 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 3,375 1,565 1,810 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 1,995 905 1,090 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 110 50 65 305 120 180
Ewe 15 10 10 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 60 30 30 175 80 100
Ganda 45 25 25 195 85 110
Igbo 180 100 80 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 10 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 420 160 260
Shona 50 30 20 455 210 245
Swahili 210 100 110 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 15 10 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 490 230 260 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 250 150 105 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 70 35 35 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 185 110 75 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,070 2,850 3,220 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,875 2,750 3,125 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,840 1,305 1,535 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 90 40 55 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,520 1,210 1,310 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 170 80 90 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 195 100 95 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 95 45 45 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 15 5 10 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 75 45 30 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 335 165 170 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 280 130 150 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 55 30 25 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 570 285 285 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 530 270 265 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 620 305 315 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 30 20 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 575 280 290 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 465 245 225
Multiple responses 107,865 53,955 53,905 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,790 795 995 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 104,040 52,240 51,800 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 315 145 170 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,725 785 940 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 918,160 453,900 464,260 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 705,905 348,125 357,785 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 94,410 48,515 45,900 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,720 2,405 3,315 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 108,270 52,930 55,340 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 10 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 108,240 52,915 55,320 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 455 220 235 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,490 1,330 1,165 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 865 360 505 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 737,780 360,840 376,940 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 693,940 340,020 353,925 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,454 34,197 25,691 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 694,035 340,035 354,000 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,380 31,297 24,318 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 604,645 307,020 297,620 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,848 35,162 24,903 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 509,865 224,745 285,115 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,656 1,065 4,509 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,085 275,680 254,410 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,552 36,028 27,607 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 737,910 360,855 377,050 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,325 340,005 354,325 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,187 44,795 33,805 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,435 340,025 354,410 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,358 37,356 29,521 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 605,085 306,785 298,300 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,459 45,651 33,092 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 508,955 223,985 284,970 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,547 5,471 7,393 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,140 275,595 254,545 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,241 45,606 34,431 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 737,910 360,855 377,050 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 248,950 142,205 106,740 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,646 54,021 45,123 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,777 62,340 51,699 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.8 92.0 82.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.3 82.3 73.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.2 8.0 17.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 737,780 360,835 376,940 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 43,840 20,820 23,020 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 693,935 340,015 353,920 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.2 93.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,910 55,065 68,850 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 130,350 55,140 75,205 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 97,065 43,340 53,725 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 80,270 37,470 42,795 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 68,635 32,805 35,835 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 52,555 27,610 24,945 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 38,795 22,390 16,405 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 28,425 17,570 10,855 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 20,795 13,125 7,670 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 16,675 9,925 6,755 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 36,470 25,585 10,885 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 26,665 18,255 8,410 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 9,805 7,330 2,475 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 737,780 360,835 376,940 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 43,745 20,800 22,940 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 694,035 340,035 354,000 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.2 93.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 125,340 55,525 69,815 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 135,980 57,900 78,080 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 111,995 50,490 61,505 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 94,655 44,945 49,710 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 77,930 39,690 38,235 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 52,840 30,200 22,640 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 34,785 21,615 13,170 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 24,125 14,685 9,445 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 36,390 24,990 11,400 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 14,005 8,800 5,205 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 7,635 5,350 2,285 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 14,745 10,840 3,910 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 737,775 360,835 376,940 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 207,695 85,160 122,530 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 530,085 275,680 254,410 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.8 76.4 67.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 64,635 30,260 34,370 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 46,130 20,205 25,925 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 78,625 37,935 40,690 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 64,925 31,115 33,810 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 60,455 28,915 31,540 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 53,790 26,410 27,375 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 42,540 23,535 19,000 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 31,855 19,280 12,580 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 24,075 15,400 8,670 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 63,060 42,615 20,445 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 18,015 11,660 6,355 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 15,055 8,950 6,110 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 29,985 22,000 7,980 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 276,235 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,172 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,472 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,840 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,691 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,637 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 236,395 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,965 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,155 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 276,285 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,478 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,842 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,875 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,050 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,013 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 236,410 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,984 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,235 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 276,235 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,725 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,280 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,850 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,935 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,360 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,670 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,800 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,740 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,105 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,350 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,905 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,765 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,765 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,810 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,680 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 109,505 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,435 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,375 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 28,170 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 18,530 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 276,235 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,925 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,920 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,175 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,075 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,495 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,935 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,270 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,170 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,465 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,490 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,440 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,390 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,430 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,140 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 84,605 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,255 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,980 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,375 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 232,885 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,233 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,675 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.7 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,175 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,953 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,322 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 139,435 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,142 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,585 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,190 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,653 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,640 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 232,725 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,503 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,891 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,360 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,660 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,631 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 139,450 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,963 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,383 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,905 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,992 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,081 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,005 35,045 30,955 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,267 32,926 29,787 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,736 29,892 27,607 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,065 35,130 30,935 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,191 41,007 39,263 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,976 34,321 33,584 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,765 453,290 463,475 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 475,015 231,460 243,555 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 73,845 36,780 37,065 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 93,280 44,315 48,960 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 101,885 49,175 52,710 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 103,345 50,645 52,700 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 102,660 50,545 52,120 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 441,750 221,830 219,920 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 100,415 49,670 50,750 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 97,740 48,730 49,010 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 93,065 46,835 46,230 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 88,550 44,795 43,760 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 61,975 31,805 30,170 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,765 453,290 463,475 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 217,490 112,465 105,025 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 66,955 34,615 32,340 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 586,895 288,240 298,650 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 112,380 52,580 59,800 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,715 54,660 59,055 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 38,325 19,875 18,455 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,840 6,725 6,115 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 64,635 30,455 34,180 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 10,755 4,335 6,420 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 12.1 12.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.7 17.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.4 18.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.6 11.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.6 8.2 10.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 87,215 43,225 43,985 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 27,270 14,160 13,110 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,300 4,865 4,435 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 53,675 26,620 27,060 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 6,265 2,445 3,820 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.1 13.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.7 6.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,855 453,300 463,560 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 877,530 438,720 438,810 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 876,870 438,475 438,395 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 47,480 20,405 27,070 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 491,555 242,320 249,240 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 105 50 55 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 95 40 50 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 30 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 35 15 25 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 491,455 242,270 249,185 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 25,280 12,395 12,880 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 30 15 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 25 15 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 5,870 2,555 3,310 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 105 45 65 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 5,755 2,510 3,250 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 19,400 9,835 9,565 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 980 455 530 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 13,140 6,810 6,330 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,020 2,920 3,100 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,025 500 525 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 150 65 85 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 255 140 120 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,135 560 575 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 505 245 255 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 310 180 135 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 340 160 185 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,425 3,805 4,625 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 380 145 235 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 8,050 3,665 4,385 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 20,620 8,735 11,885 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 45 25 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 900 385 515 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 15 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 235 105 135 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,120 435 690 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 725 345 375 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 95 145 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 55 25 30 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,380 8,210 11,165 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 3,870 1,745 2,120 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 90 45 50 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,935 910 1,025 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,840 790 1,050 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 29,180 14,585 14,605 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 920 445 470 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 4,620 2,325 2,295 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 21,860 10,900 10,965 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 2,940 1,545 1,395 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 380,210 189,990 190,220 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,515 765 750 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 660 310 345 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 19,050 8,975 10,080 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 280 120 160 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 115 45 75 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 160 70 85 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 18,815 8,870 9,950 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 25 10 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 435 215 220 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 345 185 160 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 3,015 1,405 1,605 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 455 225 230 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 855 405 445 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 8,660 4,050 4,605 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,735 1,335 1,405 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,150 580 570 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 170 75 95 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 400 170 230 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 620 290 335 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,765 750 1,015 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 80 45 35 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 45 30 20 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 7,700 3,625 4,075 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 210 95 115 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 190 120 70 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,965 870 1,100 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 40 15 30 1,655 820 835
German 5,230 2,505 2,725 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 110 50 60 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 140 60 80 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,515 1,305 1,215 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 266,900 135,690 131,210 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 260,345 132,440 127,910 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 5,145 2,545 2,600 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 30,175 15,400 14,780 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 84,820 42,945 41,870 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 155 70 80 600 300 300
Konkani 720 330 385 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 1,895 995 895 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,500 760 745 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 155 75 80 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170,120 87,280 82,835 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 950 450 500 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,175 1,640 1,535 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 40,510 20,505 20,000 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 7,415 3,650 3,760 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 270 165 110 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,435 725 710 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 6,100 2,990 3,110 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 785 375 410 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 84,400 40,615 43,785 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 38,425 18,740 19,680 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 19,065 9,330 9,730 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,520 695 820 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 27,850 12,990 14,865 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 1,355 745 605
Japanese 595 285 315 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,370 635 740 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 15,310 7,395 7,915 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 6,395 3,040 3,360 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 25 10 15 385 195 185
Edo 805 405 405 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 95 60 40 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 30 700 320 375
Ga 465 250 215 1,340 645 695
Ganda 190 100 90 1,225 550 675
Igbo 1,005 535 470 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 415 170 245 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 160 65 100 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,735 855 880 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 65 30 30 730 355 375
Yoruba 3,100 1,505 1,590 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,385 665 720 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 40 40 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 750 365 380 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 300 135 165 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 455 240 220 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,310 5,395 5,920 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 11,015 5,225 5,785 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 5,865 2,815 3,060 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 200 85 120 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 5,335 2,460 2,875 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 555 270 290 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 60 85 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 170 170 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 300 170 135 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 75 40 35 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 15 10 15 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 95 55 40 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 995 500 495 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 825 410 415 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 255 130 120 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,240 695 550 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 45 25 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,175 665 510 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 10 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,950 880 1,075 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 160 50 120 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 140 65 75 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,650 765 880 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 570 315 255 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,855 453,300 463,560 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 798,360 395,405 402,955 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 203,840 105,540 98,300 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 594,520 289,865 304,655 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 118,500 57,895 60,605 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 453,295 463,560 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 459,505 232,375 227,125 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 442,520 212,610 229,910 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 88,045 41,595 46,450 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 58,290 28,600 29,685 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 105,655 50,390 55,265 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 132,985 64,160 68,820 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 69,425 33,485 35,940 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 63,555 30,675 32,880 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 57,550 27,855 29,690 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 14,835 8,310 6,525 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 442,520 212,605 229,915 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 35,765 18,020 17,750 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 68,885 34,540 34,350 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 113,155 49,635 63,510 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 172,905 86,835 86,070 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 51,805 23,575 28,230 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 442,520 212,610 229,910 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 90,845 40,495 50,350 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 740 305 435 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,685 760 935 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,570 1,300 1,265 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 20,575 9,445 11,130 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 595 300 300 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 31,565 13,490 18,070 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,135 465 670 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 960 405 555 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 10,635 4,880 5,750 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,570 2,110 2,460 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 15,815 7,030 8,785 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 70,760 33,915 36,850 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 740 380 370 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,575 705 870 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 555 225 330 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,745 1,345 1,400 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,380 695 685 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 865 380 485 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 670 295 375 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 19,610 9,755 9,855 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,515 690 830 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 6,055 2,785 3,275 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 11,085 5,620 5,470 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,380 630 750 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 840 340 500 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 660 365 295 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 980 420 560 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,240 6,480 7,760 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 5,865 2,820 3,045 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 26,810 12,895 13,915 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 95 50 40 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,190 590 600 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 995 480 515 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 2,155 1,045 1,120 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 215 110 105 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 6,140 3,065 3,080 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 3,125 1,255 1,865 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 735 345 390 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 12,150 5,950 6,200 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 252,955 124,795 128,155 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 3,835 1,835 2,000 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,860 1,410 1,445 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,185 1,890 2,290 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,145 550 595 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 152,235 76,140 76,095 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 635 495 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 8,005 4,080 3,930 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 200 75 125 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,130 520 610 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,010 525 485 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 24,535 12,495 12,045 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 19,830 8,535 11,300 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 15,190 7,570 7,620 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 690 345 350 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 330 130 205 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 6,840 3,155 3,690 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 9,800 4,905 4,890 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,150 510 640 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 57,550 27,855 29,690 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 7,655 3,720 3,945 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 185 85 100 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 240 80 160 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 180 90 90 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 205 85 120 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 2,835 1,490 1,345 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 255 125 135 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 435 405 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 2,880 1,310 1,570 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,685 775 910 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 60 10 50 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 70 45 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 20 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 880 400 480
Romania