Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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Characteristic Central West,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central West, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 922,255 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 840,044 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,639 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 276,238 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 355.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,591.38 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 922,260 455,570 466,690 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 179,110 92,515 86,595 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 55,260 28,610 26,645 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 61,785 31,870 29,920 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 62,070 32,035 30,030 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 626,975 309,325 317,650 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 65,965 34,600 31,360 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 66,175 34,770 31,405 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 60,770 30,375 30,395 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 63,150 29,790 33,360 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 64,495 30,115 34,380 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 65,110 30,945 34,160 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 67,365 32,815 34,550 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 68,300 34,010 34,285 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 58,335 29,105 29,235 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 47,320 22,795 24,525 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 116,175 53,725 62,445 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 40,920 19,480 21,445 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 28,925 13,980 14,945 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 20,485 9,565 10,920 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 13,900 6,230 7,670 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 11,940 4,470 7,465 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,890 3,230 4,660 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,215 1,035 2,180 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 710 190 520 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 120 20 95 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.4 20.3 18.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.9 68.1 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 12.6 11.8 13.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 37.6 36.8 38.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 37.0 35.9 37.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 276,235 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 145,235 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,240 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 91,680 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 29,160 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 28,420 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,590 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,420 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 85 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 276,240 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 39,845 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 64,505 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 51,405 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 61,105 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 59,385 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,765 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 743,150 363,055 380,095 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 433,875 216,975 216,900 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 400,320 200,215 200,105 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 33,555 16,760 16,795 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 309,275 146,080 163,195 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 220,595 118,355 102,235 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 20,055 7,890 12,170 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 33,910 12,920 20,995 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 34,710 6,915 27,795 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 256,390 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 93,545 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 61,890 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 70,125 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,830 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 256,390 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 209,840 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 193,080 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,760 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,550 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 38,105 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 8,440 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 209,840 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 68,880 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 140,955 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 47,500 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 64,840 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 28,620 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,545 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 24,660 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 14,390 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 7,495 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 99,535 47,580 51,950 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 276,235 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 202,540 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,625 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 153,915 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 25,505 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 48,200 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 39,840 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,355 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 918,155 453,900 464,255 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 830,770 418,720 412,055 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 775 335 445 1,810 820 985
English and French 47,200 20,230 26,970 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 39,410 14,625 24,790 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 918,155 453,900 464,260 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 865,300 433,090 432,210 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 7,855 3,565 4,290 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 6,140 2,885 3,245 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 38,865 14,360 24,505 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,920 5,005 5,915 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 918,160 453,900 464,260 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 875,285 432,515 442,765 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 484,625 240,330 244,295 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 477,520 237,090 240,430 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,105 3,235 3,870 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 390,655 192,190 198,475 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 5 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 5 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 5 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 390,605 192,165 198,445 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,280 9,445 9,840 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 4,125 1,790 2,335 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 115 60 50 205 115 95
Somali 4,010 1,730 2,280 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 15,010 7,580 7,430 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 505 260 245 1,370 670 700
Arabic 7,110 3,655 3,460 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,975 2,450 2,525 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 815 400 405 440 245 200
Harari 55 30 25 20 5 15
Hebrew 55 40 20 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 845 430 415 215 100 115
Tigrigna 355 155 200 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 300 160 140 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,540 3,055 3,485 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 150 175 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 6,200 2,900 3,300 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 16,290 6,820 9,470 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 50 25 25 375 165 215
Cebuano 580 255 325 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 15 5 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 165 70 95 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 800 330 470 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 280 125 155 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 105 110 700 320 380
Pangasinan 55 25 25 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,980 5,825 8,160 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 50 20 25 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 1,320 645 675 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 825 405 415 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 220 250 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 21,880 10,765 11,115 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 435 205 225 280 150 135
Malayalam 3,575 1,790 1,790 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 15,880 7,740 8,135 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 1,945 1,000 940 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 302,380 150,635 151,750 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,105 545 560 1,465 765 705
Armenian 390 200 195 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 16,415 7,730 8,685 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 225 110 115 1,070 485 585
Latvian 105 55 50 565 255 300
Lithuanian 120 55 60 505 225 280
Slavic languages 16,195 7,625 8,575 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 245 135 115 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 260 140 120 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,315 1,115 1,195 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 435 205 230 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 565 260 300 325 160 165
Polish 7,535 3,510 4,025 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,595 720 875 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 875 450 420 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 130 55 70 1,395 670 725
Slovak 345 160 190 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 485 230 250 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,370 615 755 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 40 20 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 240 130 110
Welsh 15 5 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 5,555 2,485 3,075 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 60 25 30 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 185 90 100 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,655 715 945 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 45 15 35 295 145 145
German 3,470 1,590 1,885 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 15 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 65 25 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 1,805 890 920 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 215,255 109,020 106,235 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 208,935 105,830 103,105 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 4,080 2,025 2,055 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 23,475 11,890 11,590 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 17,625 8,760 8,870 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 55 30 30 65 35 25
Konkani 325 150 170 255 130 125
Marathi 905 450 455 620 325 295
Nepali 1,325 665 660 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 120 65 60 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,225 67,320 64,910 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 695 350 345 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,005 990 1,010 1,675 845 830
Urdu 26,100 13,140 12,955 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,980 3,025 2,955 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 165 105 60 1,765 945 825
Pashto 930 465 465 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 4,880 2,460 2,420 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 61,800 29,745 32,060 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 27,050 13,215 13,830 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 14,270 6,975 7,290 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,265 560 705 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 19,175 8,970 10,210 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 105 65 40
Japanese 270 105 165 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,205 565 635 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 8,455 4,045 4,410 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 4,140 1,965 2,175 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 385 160 225 85 50 35
Ewe 95 50 50 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 45 25 20
Ga 200 90 110 45 20 25
Ganda 110 55 60 90 45 45
Igbo 560 280 275 245 145 105
Lingala 65 35 35 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 110 55 55 215 100 115
Swahili 580 265 310 805 400 405
Wolof 25 10 15 50 25 25
Yoruba 1,380 705 675 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 710 330 380 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 20 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 165 85 75 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 45 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 55 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,220 4,275 4,945 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 8,885 4,105 4,785 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 4,415 2,045 2,370 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 200 85 115 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,465 1,600 1,865 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 405 190 215 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 315 140 170 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 165 165 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 140 70 75 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 20 10 10 815 395 425
Tibetan 85 45 40 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 695 315 375 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 550 265 285 1,100 550 550
Thai 135 50 90 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 920 475 440 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 35 15 20 530 290 235
Turkish 855 450 400 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,720 780 940 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 105 40 65 705 295 410
Finnish 140 55 80 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,480 685 795 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 500 280 225
Multiple responses 42,875 21,385 21,490 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,750 805 945 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 39,555 19,910 19,645 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 705 280 420 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 870 390 480 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 918,160 453,900 464,255 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 810,295 399,940 410,355 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 579,460 286,540 292,925 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 576,105 284,975 291,130 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,355 1,560 1,795 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 230,835 113,410 117,430 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 230,820 113,400 117,420 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,330 5,385 5,955 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,115 1,440 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 60 30 30 90 50 45
Somali 2,490 1,080 1,410 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 8,705 4,225 4,475 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 230 115 115 600 275 320
Arabic 3,895 1,920 1,975 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,470 1,665 1,805 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 515 255 260 310 165 145
Harari 15 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 30 20 15 900 465 440
Maltese 215 100 115 15 5 10
Tigrigna 175 80 95 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 75 85 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,415 2,080 2,335 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 75 85 800 375 420
Vietnamese 4,240 1,995 2,245 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 6,675 3,045 3,630 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 225 110 120 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 415 175 240
Ilocano 305 135 170 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 80 40 35 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 40 40 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 5 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,895 2,670 3,220 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 765 375 385 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 25 10 10 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 520 255 265 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 220 110 110 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 14,300 6,970 7,335 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 215 105 110 110 55 60
Malayalam 1,990 985 1,000 1,225 615 605
Tamil 10,910 5,265 5,650 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 1,170 595 570 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 181,045 89,740 91,305 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 515 260 260 695 335 360
Armenian 190 85 100 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 7,405 3,595 3,810 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 55 20 30 210 90 115
Latvian 25 10 15 80 30 50
Lithuanian 20 10 15 125 60 65
Slavic languages 7,355 3,575 3,780 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 5 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 120 65 60 595 300 300
Bulgarian 135 65 70 1,035 485 550
Croatian 895 435 460 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 145 70 70 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 195 95 105 150 75 75
Polish 3,660 1,785 1,880 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 975 485 490 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 410 200 205 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 25 500 235 265
Slovak 100 50 55 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 140 70 70 145 65 85
Ukrainian 505 235 275 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 670 305 365 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 20 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 110 45 65 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 5 10 5 5
German 510 240 270 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 590 270 320 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 145,910 73,210 72,700 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 142,145 71,400 70,750 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 2,540 1,245 1,300 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15,235 7,575 7,655 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 9,600 4,740 4,865 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 10 5 10 10 5 5
Konkani 75 40 35 40 25 25
Marathi 460 240 220 270 140 130
Nepali 905 465 440 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 70 35 35 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95,040 48,040 47,000 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 360 175 185 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,015 500 515 675 330 340
Urdu 16,830 8,335 8,490 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,625 1,750 1,875 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 75 40 35 1,080 540 535
Pashto 595 295 300 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,950 1,410 1,540 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 25,770 12,015 13,755 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 9,100 4,070 5,030 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 5,510 2,665 2,845 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 545 260 285 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 10,595 5,015 5,580 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 125 60 60 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 845 395 450 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 3,375 1,565 1,810 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 1,995 905 1,090 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 110 50 65 15 10 10
Ewe 15 10 10 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 60 30 30 5 5 0
Ganda 45 25 25 10 5 5
Igbo 180 100 80 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 10 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 60 25 35
Shona 50 30 20 65 25 40
Swahili 210 100 110 200 90 115
Wolof 15 10 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 490 230 260 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 250 150 105 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 70 35 35 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 185 110 75 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,070 2,850 3,220 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 5,875 2,750 3,125 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,840 1,305 1,535 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 90 40 55 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,520 1,210 1,310 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 170 80 90 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 195 100 95 1,745 885 865
Burmese 95 45 45 720 375 350
Karenic languages 15 5 10 725 355 370
Tibetan 75 45 30 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 335 165 170 1,380 595 785
Lao 280 130 150 460 225 235
Thai 55 30 25 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 570 285 285 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 530 270 265 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 620 305 315 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 30 20 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 575 280 290 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 145 70 75
Multiple responses 107,865 53,955 53,905 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,790 795 995 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 104,040 52,240 51,800 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 315 145 170 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 1,725 785 940 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 918,160 453,900 464,260 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 705,905 348,125 357,785 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 94,410 48,515 45,900 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 5,720 2,405 3,315 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 108,270 52,930 55,340 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 30 10 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 108,240 52,915 55,320 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 455 220 235 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 2,490 1,330 1,165 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 865 360 505 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 737,780 360,840 376,940 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 693,940 340,020 353,925 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,454 34,197 25,691 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 694,035 340,035 354,000 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,380 31,297 24,318 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 604,645 307,020 297,620 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,848 35,162 24,903 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 509,865 224,745 285,115 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,656 1,065 4,509 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,085 275,680 254,410 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,552 36,028 27,607 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 737,910 360,855 377,050 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,325 340,005 354,325 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,187 44,795 33,805 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 694,435 340,025 354,410 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,358 37,356 29,521 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 605,085 306,785 298,300 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,459 45,651 33,092 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 508,955 223,985 284,970 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,547 5,471 7,393 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,140 275,595 254,545 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,241 45,606 34,431 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 737,910 360,855 377,050 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 248,950 142,205 106,740 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,646 54,021 45,123 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,777 62,340 51,699 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.8 92.0 82.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.3 82.3 73.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.2 8.0 17.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 737,780 360,835 376,940 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 43,840 20,820 23,020 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 693,935 340,015 353,920 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.2 93.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,910 55,065 68,850 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 130,350 55,140 75,205 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 97,065 43,340 53,725 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 80,270 37,470 42,795 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 68,635 32,805 35,835 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 52,555 27,610 24,945 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 38,795 22,390 16,405 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 28,425 17,570 10,855 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 20,795 13,125 7,670 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 16,675 9,925 6,755 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 36,470 25,585 10,885 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 26,665 18,255 8,410 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 9,805 7,330 2,475 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 737,780 360,835 376,940 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 43,745 20,800 22,940 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 694,035 340,035 354,000 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.2 93.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 125,340 55,525 69,815 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 135,980 57,900 78,080 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 111,995 50,490 61,505 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 94,655 44,945 49,710 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 77,930 39,690 38,235 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 52,840 30,200 22,640 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 34,785 21,615 13,170 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 24,125 14,685 9,445 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 36,390 24,990 11,400 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 14,005 8,800 5,205 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 7,635 5,350 2,285 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 14,745 10,840 3,910 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 737,775 360,835 376,940 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 207,695 85,160 122,530 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 530,085 275,680 254,410 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.8 76.4 67.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 64,635 30,260 34,370 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 46,130 20,205 25,925 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 78,625 37,935 40,690 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 64,925 31,115 33,810 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 60,455 28,915 31,540 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 53,790 26,410 27,375 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 42,540 23,535 19,000 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 31,855 19,280 12,580 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 24,075 15,400 8,670 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 63,060 42,615 20,445 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 18,015 11,660 6,355 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 15,055 8,950 6,110 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 29,985 22,000 7,980 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 276,235 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,172 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,472 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,840 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,691 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,637 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 236,395 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,965 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,155 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 276,285 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,478 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,842 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,875 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,050 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,013 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 236,410 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,984 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,235 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 276,235 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,725 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,280 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,850 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,935 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,360 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,670 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,800 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,740 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,105 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,350 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,905 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,765 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,765 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,810 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 17,680 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 109,505 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,435 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,375 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 28,170 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 18,530 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 276,235 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,925 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,920 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,175 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,075 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,495 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,935 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,270 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,170 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,465 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,490 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,440 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,390 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,430 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,140 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 84,605 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,255 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,980 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,375 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 232,885 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,233 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,675 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,175 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,953 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,322 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 139,435 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,142 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,585 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,190 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,653 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,640 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 232,725 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,503 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,891 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,360 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,660 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,631 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 139,450 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,963 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,383 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,905 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,992 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,081 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,005 35,045 30,955 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,267 32,926 29,787 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,736 29,892 27,607 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,065 35,130 30,935 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,191 41,007 39,263 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,976 34,321 33,584 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,765 453,290 463,475 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 475,015 231,460 243,555 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 73,845 36,780 37,065 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 93,280 44,315 48,960 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 101,885 49,175 52,710 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 103,345 50,645 52,700 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 102,660 50,545 52,120 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 441,750 221,830 219,920 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 100,415 49,670 50,750 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 97,740 48,730 49,010 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 93,065 46,835 46,230 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 88,550 44,795 43,760 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 61,975 31,805 30,170 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,765 453,290 463,475 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 217,490 112,465 105,025 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 66,955 34,615 32,340 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 586,895 288,240 298,650 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 112,380 52,580 59,800 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,715 54,660 59,055 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 38,325 19,875 18,455 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 12,840 6,725 6,115 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 64,635 30,455 34,180 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 10,755 4,335 6,420 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 12.1 12.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.7 17.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.4 18.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.6 11.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 9.6 8.2 10.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 87,215 43,225 43,985 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 27,270 14,160 13,110 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 9,300 4,865 4,435 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 53,675 26,620 27,060 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 6,265 2,445 3,820 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.5 9.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.1 13.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.7 6.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,855 453,300 463,560 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 877,530 438,720 438,810 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 876,870 438,475 438,395 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 47,480 20,405 27,070 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 491,555 242,320 249,240 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 105 50 55 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 95 40 50 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 30 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 35 15 25 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 491,455 242,270 249,185 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 25,280 12,395 12,880 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 30 15 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 25 15 10 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 5,870 2,555 3,310 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 105 45 65 245 140 110
Somali 5,755 2,510 3,250 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 19,400 9,835 9,565 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 980 455 530 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 13,140 6,810 6,330 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,020 2,920 3,100 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,025 500 525 570 285 285
Harari 150 65 85 55 35 20
Hebrew 255 140 120 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 1,135 560 575 315 155 155
Tigrigna 505 245 255 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 310 180 135 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 340 160 185 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,425 3,805 4,625 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 380 145 235 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 8,050 3,665 4,385 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 20,620 8,735 11,885 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 45 25 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 900 385 515 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 15 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 235 105 135 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 1,120 435 690 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 725 345 375 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 95 145 855 365 495
Pangasinan 55 25 30 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,380 8,210 11,165 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 3,870 1,745 2,120 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 90 45 50 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 1,935 910 1,025 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,840 790 1,050 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 29,180 14,585 14,605 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 920 445 470 510 250 265
Malayalam 4,620 2,325 2,295 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 21,860 10,900 10,965 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 2,940 1,545 1,395 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 380,210 189,990 190,220 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,515 765 750 1,640 840 795
Armenian 660 310 345 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 19,050 8,975 10,080 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 280 120 160 1,030 515 520
Latvian 115 45 75 555 290 265
Lithuanian 160 70 85 475 220 250
Slavic languages 18,815 8,870 9,950 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 25 10 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 435 215 220 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 345 185 160 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,015 1,405 1,605 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 455 225 230 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 855 405 445 400 220 185
Polish 8,660 4,050 4,605 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,735 1,335 1,405 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,150 580 570 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 170 75 95 1,525 770 750
Slovak 400 170 230 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 620 290 335 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,765 750 1,015 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 80 45 35 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 30 20 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 7,700 3,625 4,075 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 210 95 115 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 190 120 70 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,965 870 1,100 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 40 15 30 465 230 240
German 5,230 2,505 2,725 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 110 50 60 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 140 60 80 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 10 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 155 95 60
Greek 2,515 1,305 1,215 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 266,900 135,690 131,210 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 260,345 132,440 127,910 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 5,145 2,545 2,600 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 30,175 15,400 14,780 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 84,820 42,945 41,870 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 155 70 80 60 30 25
Konkani 720 330 385 415 215 200
Marathi 1,895 995 895 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,500 760 745 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 155 75 80 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170,120 87,280 82,835 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 950 450 500 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,175 1,640 1,535 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 40,510 20,505 20,000 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 7,415 3,650 3,760 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 270 165 110 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,435 725 710 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 6,100 2,990 3,110 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 785 375 410 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 84,400 40,615 43,785 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 10 395 210 180
Italian 38,425 18,740 19,680 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 19,065 9,330 9,730 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,520 695 820 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 27,850 12,990 14,865 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 380 245 140
Japanese 595 285 315 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 115 55 60
Georgian 15 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 1,370 635 740 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 15,310 7,395 7,915 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 6,395 3,040 3,360 630 350 280
Bamanankan 25 10 15 30 20 15
Edo 805 405 405 145 80 60
Ewe 95 60 40 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 30 105 30 70
Ga 465 250 215 150 95 50
Ganda 190 100 90 165 80 85
Igbo 1,005 535 470 425 240 185
Lingala 415 170 245 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 290 125 165
Shona 160 65 100 415 220 195
Swahili 1,735 855 880 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 65 30 30 50 25 30
Yoruba 3,100 1,505 1,590 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,385 665 720 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 40 40 405 210 200
Dinka 0 10 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 325 155 165
Sign languages 750 365 380 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 300 135 165 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 455 240 220 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,310 5,395 5,920 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 11,015 5,225 5,785 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 5,865 2,815 3,060 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 200 85 120 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,335 2,460 2,875 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 555 270 290 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 60 85 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 170 170 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 300 170 135 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 75 40 35 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 15 10 15 955 485 465
Tibetan 95 55 40 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 995 500 495 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 825 410 415 1,630 735 890
Thai 255 130 120 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,240 695 550 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 45 25 15 945 510 435
Turkish 1,175 665 510 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 20 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,950 880 1,075 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 160 50 120 780 350 425
Finnish 140 65 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,650 765 880 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 570 315 255 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,855 453,300 463,560 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 798,360 395,405 402,955 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 203,840 105,540 98,300 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 594,520 289,865 304,655 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 118,500 57,895 60,605 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 453,295 463,560 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 459,505 232,375 227,125 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 442,520 212,610 229,910 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 88,045 41,595 46,450 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 58,290 28,600 29,685 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 105,655 50,390 55,265 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 132,985 64,160 68,820 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 69,425 33,485 35,940 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 63,555 30,675 32,880 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 57,550 27,855 29,690 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 14,835 8,310 6,525 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 442,520 212,605 229,915 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 35,765 18,020 17,750 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 68,885 34,540 34,350 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 113,155 49,635 63,510 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 172,905 86,835 86,070 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 51,805 23,575 28,230 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 442,520 212,610 229,910 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 90,845 40,495 50,350 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 740 305 435 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,685 760 935 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 2,570 1,300 1,265 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20,575 9,445 11,130 1,305 600 710
Haiti 595 300 300 570 250 315
Jamaica 31,565 13,490 18,070 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,135 465 670 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 960 405 555 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 10,635 4,880 5,750 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,570 2,110 2,460 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 15,815 7,030 8,785 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 70,760 33,915 36,850 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 740 380 370 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,575 705 870 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 555 225 330 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,745 1,345 1,400 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,380 695 685 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 865 380 485 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 670 295 375 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 19,610 9,755 9,855 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,515 690 830 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 6,055 2,785 3,275 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 11,085 5,620 5,470 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,380 630 750 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 840 340 500 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 660 365 295 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 980 420 560 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,240 6,480 7,760 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 5,865 2,820 3,045 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 26,810 12,895 13,915 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 95 50 40 485 310 175
Egypt 1,190 590 600 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 995 480 515 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 2,155 1,045 1,120 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 215 110 105 985 535 455
Nigeria 6,140 3,065 3,080 1,740 925 815
Somalia 3,125 1,255 1,865 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 735 345 390 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 12,150 5,950 6,200 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 252,955 124,795 128,155 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 3,835 1,835 2,000 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 2,860 1,410 1,445 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,185 1,890 2,290 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,145 550 595 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 152,235 76,140 76,095 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 635 495 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 8,005 4,080 3,930 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 200 75 125 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,130 520 610 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,010 525 485 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 24,535 12,495 12,045 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 19,830 8,535 11,300 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 15,190 7,570 7,620 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 690 345 350 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 330 130 205 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 6,840 3,155 3,690 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 9,800 4,905 4,890 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,150 510 640 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 57,550 27,855 29,690 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 7,655 3,720 3,945 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 185 85 100 1,145 525 615
Colombia 240 80 160 580 250 325
Cuba 180 90 90 140 60 80
Haiti 205 85 120 35 35 10
Jamaica 2,835 1,490 1,345 625 355 265
Mexico 255 125 135 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 435 405 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,880 1,310 1,570 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,685 775 910 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 60 10 50 970 510 460
Germany 70 45 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 20 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 50 15 35 690 310 380