Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Halton,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,164,740 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,109,554 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 410,639 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 398,569 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,104.6 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,054.42 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,164,740 567,105 597,635 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 206,240 105,590 100,655 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 59,960 30,515 29,445 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 71,765 36,635 35,130 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 74,515 38,440 36,075 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 794,720 388,020 406,695 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 78,380 40,470 37,910 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 79,880 41,235 38,645 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 69,480 34,825 34,655 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 70,000 33,325 36,675 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 76,340 35,085 41,255 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 83,885 39,465 44,425 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 91,335 43,615 47,725 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 95,360 46,665 48,700 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 84,065 41,330 42,735 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 65,980 32,000 33,985 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 163,780 73,495 90,285 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 53,880 25,495 28,380 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 38,735 18,100 20,625 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 28,865 13,185 15,675 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 21,155 9,170 11,980 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 21,155 7,535 13,615 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 13,445 5,205 8,240 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 6,110 1,955 4,155 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,380 325 1,055 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 220 50 170 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.6 16.8 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.2 68.4 68.1 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.1 13.0 15.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.5 38.6 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 398,570 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 183,840 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 92,535 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 121,865 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 33,655 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 55,625 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,775 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,595 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 220 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 398,570 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 76,970 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 110,145 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 74,945 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 83,085 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 53,420 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,153,190 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 958,505 461,515 496,985 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 567,360 283,090 284,265 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 519,285 259,015 260,270 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 48,070 24,075 23,995 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 391,145 178,430 212,720 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 274,215 144,475 129,735 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 23,540 9,210 14,335 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 46,885 16,200 30,685 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 46,505 8,545 37,960 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 327,850 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 127,755 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 79,710 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 85,685 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,705 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 327,850 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 276,195 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 252,185 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,015 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 51,655 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 42,285 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 9,370 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 276,195 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 97,225 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 178,975 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 64,110 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 81,505 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 33,365 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 51,655 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 30,530 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 15,605 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 5,520 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 132,330 57,000 75,340 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 398,565 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 294,780 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 84,235 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 210,545 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,965 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 87,820 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 76,970 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,850 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,027,760 510,625 517,135 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 965 410 560 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 97,100 41,405 55,695 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 31,990 12,130 19,860 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,157,810 564,560 593,250 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,098,570 540,235 558,330 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 15,665 6,995 8,665 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 12,120 5,475 6,645 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 31,455 11,860 19,595 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,725 9,735 11,990 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,106,055 539,375 566,675 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 631,750 313,515 318,230 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 617,625 307,190 310,440 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 14,125 6,335 7,795 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 474,305 225,860 248,450 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 5 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 15 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 10 5 10 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 5 5 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 10 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 10 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 5 0 5 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 474,245 225,830 248,415 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,385 22,205 22,185 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 60 30 30 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 15 15 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,710 675 1,030 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 55 25 35 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,635 645 990 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 42,560 21,465 21,095 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 485 215 265 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 38,510 19,530 18,975 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 690 745 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 230 105 125 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 25 10 20 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 160 95 60 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 1,200 555 640 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 315 155 155 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,470 5,295 6,175 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 11,330 5,235 6,090 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 29,890 12,310 17,580 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 60 25 35 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 810 335 480 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 15 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 320 120 200 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 880 350 535 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 1,395 630 765 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 280 120 155 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 60 25 30 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,900 10,620 15,280 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 970 480 495 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 620 315 305 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 330 150 175 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 17,015 8,435 8,580 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 680 325 355 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 2,960 1,470 1,485 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 10,900 5,330 5,570 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 2,355 1,245 1,110 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 290,420 139,890 150,530 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 3,760 1,895 1,860 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 830 405 425 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 89,640 41,945 47,695 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 1,575 650 920 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 360 145 215 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 1,210 505 705 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 88,065 41,290 46,780 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 45 20 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,630 800 830 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 2,060 1,035 1,020 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 9,015 4,440 4,580 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 1,200 555 650 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 2,115 1,025 1,095 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 37,295 17,190 20,105 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 9,705 4,365 5,340 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 9,055 4,400 4,660 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 940 460 485 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 1,630 775 855 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,535 670 865 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 11,695 5,490 6,205 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 80 40 45 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 40 15 20 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 15 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 9,760 4,395 5,365 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 360 160 190 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 395 185 210 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,015 970 1,050 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 15 5 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 6,545 2,895 3,650 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 5 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 75 40 35 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 235 95 140 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 30 55 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 25 15 10 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 525 280 240
Greek 4,150 2,075 2,070 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 107,590 53,685 53,900 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 97,180 48,440 48,735 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 4,600 2,295 2,310 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 8,460 4,120 4,340 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 11,360 5,600 5,760 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 100 50 50 565 300 265
Konkani 930 445 485 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 1,470 735 740 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 775 380 395 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 125 65 60 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,895 8,945 8,950 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,220 585 635 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,590 765 820 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 48,655 24,450 24,200 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 9,970 5,015 4,955 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 285 165 115 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,620 820 800 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 8,065 4,025 4,040 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 435 235 205 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 74,615 35,445 39,165 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 20 10 5 865 440 425
Italian 19,735 9,760 9,975 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 24,140 11,440 12,705 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 5,035 2,405 2,635 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 25,645 11,815 13,830 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 720 380 340
Japanese 1,410 515 895 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 80 45 40 1,715 910 805
Georgian 85 40 40 1,715 910 805
Korean 9,705 4,525 5,190 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 50 25 25 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 50 25 30 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,905 1,320 1,585 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 855 370 485 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 80 35 50 1,670 770 900
Ewe 85 40 45 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 10 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 75 35 40 920 445 470
Ganda 65 30 35 1,295 625 665
Igbo 245 125 125 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 30 15 20 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 25 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 130 65 60 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 310 135 165 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 25 10 15 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 515 255 260 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 375 155 215 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 35 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 10 5 5 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 330 170 160 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 185 95 85 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 75 70 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 58,600 27,320 31,280 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 57,755 26,920 30,835 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 20,100 9,335 10,770 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 400 185 215 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 33,615 15,755 17,860 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 35 15 20 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,490 660 835 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 785 350 440 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 610 680 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 845 400 445 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 145 65 85 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 15 5 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 655 320 340 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 480 170 315 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 195 90 105 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 290 80 205 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 2,520 1,275 1,245 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 90 50 40 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 2,140 1,080 1,065 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 165 85 75 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 60 30 30 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 3,790 1,750 2,045 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 305 150 150 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 350 140 205 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,140 1,455 1,685 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 51,755 25,185 26,570 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,280 1,500 1,780 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 45,480 22,350 23,130 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,310 590 720 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,690 755 935 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,038,935 507,010 531,925 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 790,730 388,820 401,915 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 784,395 385,875 398,515 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 6,340 2,940 3,395 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 248,205 118,190 130,015 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 10 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 248,190 118,185 130,005 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,620 11,475 12,145 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 15 10 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 10 5 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 890 345 540 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 25 10 15 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 860 335 520 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 22,695 11,105 11,585 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 210 95 110 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 20,900 10,270 10,630 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 855 415 440 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 140 65 80 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 20 10 10 735 335 400
Hebrew 50 30 30 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 290 130 160 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 120 55 70 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,510 3,470 4,040 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 7,475 3,455 4,025 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 12,575 5,575 7,000 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 10 0 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 245 105 135 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 90 40 50 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 240 105 135 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 5 435 220 210
Malay 525 250 275 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 5 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,330 5,010 6,320 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 555 265 290 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 410 200 205 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 9,620 4,655 4,965 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 280 135 145 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,375 675 700 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 6,725 3,195 3,535 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 1,200 640 565 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 141,010 67,525 73,485 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 1,855 925 925 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 350 160 190 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 46,690 22,255 24,435 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 515 230 285 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 90 40 50 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 420 190 235 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 46,175 22,025 24,150 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 855 420 435 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 1,270 640 625 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 3,475 1,685 1,790 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 380 190 190 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 1,015 515 500 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 19,910 9,390 10,525 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 6,150 2,870 3,280 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 5,505 2,680 2,825 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 400 185 210 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 530 260 270 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 170 215 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 6,230 2,975 3,255 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 670 310 360
Celtic languages 20 5 15 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,195 555 640 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 120 55 65 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 25 20 15 855 410 445
Dutch 170 85 90 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 800 365 440 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 60 30 30 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 1,265 585 675 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 58,175 28,400 29,770 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 52,385 25,630 26,755 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 2,565 1,255 1,310 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 4,215 2,005 2,210 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 5,100 2,480 2,620 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 20 10 10 135 70 70
Konkani 195 90 105 720 355 370
Marathi 655 335 320 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 485 235 250 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 20 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,805 4,740 5,060 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 530 255 275 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 650 325 325 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 28,130 13,895 14,235 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 5,640 2,695 2,945 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 155 90 65 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 860 425 440 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 4,625 2,185 2,435 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 31,465 14,635 16,830 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 4,540 1,900 2,640 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 9,445 4,455 4,990 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 2,435 1,150 1,285 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 15,025 7,120 7,900 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 85 95
Japanese 695 320 370 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 40 15 25 1,040 565 475
Georgian 45 15 25 1,035 565 475
Korean 6,765 3,220 3,540 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 25 10 15 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 795 335 460 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 330 130 200 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 30 10 20 415 175 240
Ewe 30 20 10 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 825 400 425
Ga 30 15 15 250 105 140
Ganda 20 10 10 345 160 185
Igbo 30 15 15 1,000 485 510
Lingala 10 5 5 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 45 25 25 1,035 475 560
Swahili 85 40 45 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 10 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 120 50 65 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 515 275 240 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 285 145 140 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 135 95 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,670 19,695 21,975 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 41,090 19,410 21,675 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 13,220 6,080 7,140 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 85 45 45 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 25,870 12,410 13,460 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 615 275 345 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 495 230 270 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 375 410 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 585 285 300 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 80 40 40 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 15 5 10 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 480 240 240 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 160 75 90 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 75 30 40 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 90 40 50 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,355 665 690 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 20 5 15 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,165 565 605 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 105 55 50 610 315 290
Uzbek 35 25 15 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,240 585 655 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 50 20 30 975 365 610
Finnish 50 30 25 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,135 535 600 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 118,875 57,550 61,320 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,770 1,275 1,490 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 113,075 54,985 58,090 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 470 205 265 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 2,565 1,090 1,475 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,157,810 564,560 593,245 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 877,665 430,295 447,370 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 117,395 57,785 59,605 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 11,090 4,620 6,470 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 146,355 69,400 76,960 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 30 15 15 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 146,325 69,385 76,945 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 1,015 460 560 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,490 1,210 1,285 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,750 775 975 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 947,220 457,305 489,915 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,645 433,910 463,740 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,391 42,099 30,142 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,825 433,945 463,880 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,122 37,512 27,787 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 810,335 401,820 408,515 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,778 42,813 29,798 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 623,535 272,905 350,635 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 877 3,597 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 687,075 351,785 335,290 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,988 43,886 32,917 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 947,170 457,420 489,755 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,105 434,380 463,725 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,280 64,612 42,666 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,285 434,430 463,860 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,593 50,073 35,589 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 810,520 402,270 408,245 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,238 66,068 42,581 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 623,525 273,265 350,265 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,240 5,448 6,857 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 687,095 351,850 335,250 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,323 64,578 43,560 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 947,175 457,420 489,755 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 339,475 189,145 150,330 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,230 65,540 54,578 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,850 88,194 64,836 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.9 94.7 87.9 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.1 81.1 73.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.1 5.3 12.1 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 947,225 457,310 489,915 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 49,575 23,395 26,175 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 897,650 433,910 463,740 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.9 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,690 66,395 87,295 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 142,135 58,435 83,705 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 105,165 45,130 60,030 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 86,635 38,795 47,840 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 80,260 37,165 43,100 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 66,730 32,265 34,460 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 54,260 28,310 25,950 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 43,060 23,700 19,360 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 35,440 19,775 15,670 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 30,375 16,520 13,860 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 99,895 67,420 32,475 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 61,600 39,600 21,995 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 38,300 27,825 10,475 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 947,225 457,305 489,910 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 49,395 23,365 26,035 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 897,825 433,945 463,880 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.9 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,810 67,305 89,515 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 148,040 61,140 86,900 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 121,440 52,570 68,870 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 105,210 48,200 57,005 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 95,630 45,565 50,070 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 72,825 37,850 34,970 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 54,500 30,350 24,150 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 43,850 24,380 19,470 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 99,520 66,585 32,935 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 29,465 17,705 11,760 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 17,925 11,735 6,195 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 52,125 37,150 14,980 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 947,220 457,310 489,910 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 260,150 105,525 154,620 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 687,075 351,785 335,295 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.5 76.9 68.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 87,230 41,490 45,740 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 54,090 24,090 30,005 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 85,670 39,775 45,895 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 66,370 30,440 35,935 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 62,620 28,755 33,865 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 60,760 28,555 32,205 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 52,355 25,990 26,365 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 43,230 22,975 20,260 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 35,160 19,785 15,375 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 139,590 89,935 49,650 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 30,175 17,100 13,075 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 26,730 14,660 12,070 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 82,680 58,170 24,510 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 398,570 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,615 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,196 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 76,970 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,430 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,851 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 321,600 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,990 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,243 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 398,550 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,063 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,001 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 76,940 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,354 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,920 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 321,610 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 134,826 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,742 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 398,570 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,645 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,840 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,345 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,590 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,855 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,150 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,890 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,570 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,930 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,990 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,360 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,185 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,230 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,415 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,210 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,365 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,815 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,260 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,770 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 49,525 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 398,565 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,070 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,950 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,490 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,950 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,445 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,670 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,095 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,000 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,240 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,065 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,210 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,445 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,255 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,365 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 142,330 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,055 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,870 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,415 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 315,305 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,565 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,846 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 81,710 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,524 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,849 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 179,045 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,242 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,436 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 45,785 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,505 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,075 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 315,180 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,759 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,546 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 81,800 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,131 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,339 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 178,975 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 156,202 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,045 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 45,505 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,838 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,885 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,235 47,065 56,170 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,674 41,665 36,339 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,473 36,639 32,826 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,950 46,965 55,985 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,238 57,225 48,055 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,395 45,107 40,120 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,153,185 562,760 590,435 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 474,900 226,240 248,660 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 98,110 47,025 51,080 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 92,655 42,905 49,750 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 90,530 42,540 47,995 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 93,065 44,860 48,210 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 100,545 48,910 51,630 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 678,290 336,515 341,770 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 107,660 52,600 55,055 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 116,750 57,275 59,475 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 130,185 64,390 65,790 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 149,720 74,585 75,140 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 173,980 87,670 86,310 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,153,190 562,755 590,435 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 252,030 129,175 122,860 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 73,185 37,330 35,850 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 745,740 362,585 383,160 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 155,415 71,000 84,415 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 143,115 67,235 75,885 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 42,335 21,850 20,485 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,360 6,275 6,085 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 84,715 39,250 45,470 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 16,065 6,140 9,925 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 11.9 12.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.9 16.8 17.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.8 11.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.6 11.8 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 111,380 53,050 58,330 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 31,620 16,305 15,315 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 9,235 4,665 4,575 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 70,000 33,150 36,850 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 9,760 3,595 6,165 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.7 9.4 9.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.5 12.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.1 9.6 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.3 5.1 7.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,121,300 550,600 570,700 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,120,320 550,205 570,115 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 97,670 41,475 56,195 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 591,535 283,230 308,305 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 115 40 75 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 85 20 65 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 15 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 10 50 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 50 10 45 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 0 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 591,425 283,190 308,235 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 59,295 30,055 29,240 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 60 30 25 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 20 10 10 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,065 1,485 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 15 10 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 75 25 50 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 2,440 1,025 1,420 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 480 220 265
Semitic languages 56,855 29,040 27,815 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 705 320 385 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 52,345 26,890 25,450 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,895 970 925 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 470 230 240 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 40 20 25 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 860 485 375 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 1,530 710 820 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 370 180 185 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 295 130 165 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,490 6,865 7,620 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 150 75 75 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 14,350 6,800 7,550 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 37,705 15,565 22,140 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 70 30 35 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,290 535 760 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 440 155 285 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,215 475 740 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,930 915 1,015 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 325 150 170 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 65 35 25 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,190 14,385 20,805 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 50 20 30 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 3,080 1,475 1,600 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 70 30 35 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,975 945 1,030 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,045 505 540 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 24,105 12,160 11,945 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 1,655 805 850 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 4,180 2,050 2,125 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 16,250 8,190 8,060 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 3,535 1,870 1,665 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 110 85 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 373,585 180,775 192,805 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 4,130 2,115 2,015 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 940 480 460 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 102,440 48,820 53,620 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 1,750 735 1,015 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 415 175 235 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 1,330 555 780 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 101,075 48,260 52,820 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 205 110 95 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 2,480 1,250 1,235 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 2,385 1,245 1,140 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 12,915 6,420 6,495 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,675 775 905 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 2,975 1,485 1,495 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 44,915 21,000 23,910 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 16,330 7,825 8,505 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 11,520 5,665 5,860 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 975 485 485 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,905 925 975 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,805 800 1,005 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 15,640 7,370 8,265 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 195 90 100 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 305 145 160 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 110 45 65 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 40 25 25 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 16,310 7,615 8,695 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 1,175 560 610 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 450 185 270 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,600 1,210 1,390 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 35 15 20 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 11,875 5,605 6,270 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 175 70 105 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 460 190 270 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 25 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 40 25 15 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 6,520 3,290 3,235 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 148,770 74,125 74,640 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 137,705 68,675 69,030 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 6,030 3,065 2,970 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 11,905 5,685 6,225 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 43,825 21,780 22,045 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 180 95 85 905 490 420
Konkani 2,405 1,065 1,335 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 2,960 1,525 1,440 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 950 435 515 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 240 115 125 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,625 17,130 16,495 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 2,185 1,090 1,090 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,775 1,400 1,375 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 70,135 35,420 34,715 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 12,375 6,080 6,290 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 360 210 155 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 2,335 1,170 1,170 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 10,185 4,975 5,210 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 815 450 370 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 101,410 47,710 53,700 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 65 30 35 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 29,650 14,270 15,380 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 30,900 14,610 16,295 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 6,070 2,950 3,120 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 38,895 17,725 21,170 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,480 1,150 1,335 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 120 60 60 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 115 60 60 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 10,940 5,175 5,765 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 60 30 30 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 60 30 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 6,735 3,195 3,540 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,555 705 850 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 35 10 25 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 155 65 90 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 125 45 85 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 35 30 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 155 90 65 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 145 70 80 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 525 225 290 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 290 130 165 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 10 50 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 25 70 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 185 80 105 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,625 850 775 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 50 15 40 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 1,385 695 690 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 860 380 475 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 70 35 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 35 25 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,235 480 755 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 770 270 500 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 500 230 275 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 66,450 31,135 35,320 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 65,495 30,670 34,825 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 25,855 12,040 13,815 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 415 190 225 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 42,930 19,940 22,985 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 75 30 45 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,975 900 1,070 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,145 550 590 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,375 610 765 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,000 490 510 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 175 85 90 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 755 375 380 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 590 235 350 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 245 110 135 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 390 140 245 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 3,425 1,775 1,650 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 115 50 60 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 2,945 1,515 1,425 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 230 110 120 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 95 60 35 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 35 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 4,055 1,830 2,225 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 320 165 155 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 390 165 220 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 3,345 1,500 1,850 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 155 185 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,153,205 562,840 590,370 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,026,315 502,340 523,970 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 228,845 116,575 112,270 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 797,465 385,760 411,705 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 126,900 60,500 66,395 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 611,580 304,810 306,770 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 523,740 249,435 274,305 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 118,100 55,630 62,470 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 67,645 32,460 35,185 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 119,480 57,360 62,115 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 147,830 69,940 77,885 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 79,600 37,985 41,620 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 68,230 31,960 36,270 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 70,685 34,040 36,650 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 17,890 8,595 9,300 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 523,735 249,435 274,305 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 50,975 25,410 25,565 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 94,620 48,720 45,900 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 103,255 45,870 57,385 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 225,380 106,330 119,045 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 49,505 23,100 26,405 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 523,740 249,435 274,300 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 64,170 28,695 35,480 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 2,080 905 1,175 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 5,495 2,485 3,010 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,305 620 685 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 6,470 2,900 3,565 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 200 105 95 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 12,245 5,130 7,110 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 2,380 990 1,390 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 2,225 1,005 1,220 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 7,405 3,245 4,165 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,010 4,690 5,320 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 14,360 6,615 7,745 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 150,340 71,700 78,645 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,605 2,365 2,245 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 6,110 3,005 3,100 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,200 570 630 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 5,365 2,470 2,895 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 2,580 1,320 1,260 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 1,795 810 985 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,995 860 1,135 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 12,425 6,310 6,120 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,835 890 940 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 30,195 13,840 16,355 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 17,080 8,085 8,995 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 5,125 2,400 2,720 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 4,195 1,865 2,330 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,670 2,250 2,420 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 8,285 3,940 4,345 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 25,445 12,335 13,115 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 17,430 8,375 9,050 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 34,340 16,895 17,445 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 320 160 160 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 12,645 6,585 6,065 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 675 305 370 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 2,540 1,110 1,425 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 465 210 255 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 2,930 1,500 1,430 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,355 495 860 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 2,705 1,280 1,420 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 10,710 5,255 5,460 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 273,530 131,480 142,045 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 3,820 1,915 1,905 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 3,380 1,685 1,700 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 32,345 14,850 17,495 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 9,050 4,260 4,795 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 57,905 28,405 29,505 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,375 2,235 2,145 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 9,500 4,780 4,720 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 945 310 630 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,595 4,030 4,570 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 4,130 2,185 1,945 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 45,430 22,985 22,445 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 36,055 15,410 20,650 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 10,400 5,145 5,260 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,030 2,030 1,995 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 2,535 1,140 1,390 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 11,845 5,445 6,400 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 29,175 14,680 14,500 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,360 665 695 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 70,685 34,040 36,650 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 7,480 3,640 3,840 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 395 185 210 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 905 450 455 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 250 100 155 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 65 40 20 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 840 450 385 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 580 265 315 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,085 995 1,090 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 730 355 375 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 1,625 790 835 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 7,035 3,290 3,745 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 170 80 95 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 120 55 65 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 225 125 105 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55