Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Halton,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,164,740 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,109,554 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 410,639 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 398,569 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,104.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,054.42 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,164,740 567,105 597,635 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 206,240 105,590 100,655 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 59,960 30,515 29,445 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 71,765 36,635 35,130 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 74,515 38,440 36,075 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 794,720 388,020 406,695 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 78,380 40,470 37,910 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 79,880 41,235 38,645 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 69,480 34,825 34,655 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 70,000 33,325 36,675 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 76,340 35,085 41,255 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 83,885 39,465 44,425 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 91,335 43,615 47,725 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 95,360 46,665 48,700 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 84,065 41,330 42,735 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 65,980 32,000 33,985 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 163,780 73,495 90,285 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 53,880 25,495 28,380 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 38,735 18,100 20,625 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 28,865 13,185 15,675 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 21,155 9,170 11,980 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 21,155 7,535 13,615 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 13,445 5,205 8,240 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 6,110 1,955 4,155 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,380 325 1,055 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 220 50 170 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.6 16.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.2 68.4 68.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.1 13.0 15.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.5 38.6 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 398,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 183,840 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 92,535 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 121,865 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 33,655 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 55,625 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,775 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,595 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 220 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 398,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 76,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 110,145 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 74,945 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 83,085 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 53,420 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,153,190 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 958,505 461,515 496,985 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 567,360 283,090 284,265 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 519,285 259,015 260,270 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 48,070 24,075 23,995 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 391,145 178,430 212,720 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 274,215 144,475 129,735 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 23,540 9,210 14,335 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 46,885 16,200 30,685 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 46,505 8,545 37,960 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 327,850 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 127,755 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 79,710 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 85,685 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,705 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 327,850 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 276,195 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 252,185 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,015 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 51,655 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 42,285 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 9,370 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 276,195 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 97,225 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 178,975 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 64,110 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 81,505 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 33,365 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 51,655 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 30,530 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 15,605 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 5,520 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 132,330 57,000 75,340 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 398,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 294,780 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 84,235 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 210,545 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,965 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 87,820 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 76,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,850 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,027,760 510,625 517,135 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 965 410 560 1,110 530 580
English and French 97,100 41,405 55,695 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 31,990 12,130 19,860 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,157,810 564,560 593,250 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,098,570 540,235 558,330 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 15,665 6,995 8,665 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 12,120 5,475 6,645 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 31,455 11,860 19,595 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,725 9,735 11,990 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,106,055 539,375 566,675 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 631,750 313,515 318,230 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 617,625 307,190 310,440 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 14,125 6,335 7,795 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 474,305 225,860 248,450 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 10 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 474,245 225,830 248,415 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,385 22,205 22,185 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 60 30 30 95 55 35
Kabyle 35 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,710 675 1,030 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 55 25 35 165 95 75
Somali 1,635 645 990 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 42,560 21,465 21,095 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 485 215 265 1,140 560 585
Arabic 38,510 19,530 18,975 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 690 745 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 230 105 125 440 240 195
Harari 25 10 20 25 10 15
Hebrew 160 95 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 1,200 555 640 80 40 40
Tigrigna 315 155 155 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,470 5,295 6,175 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 11,330 5,235 6,090 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 29,890 12,310 17,580 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 60 25 35 310 140 170
Cebuano 810 335 480 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 15 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 320 120 200 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 880 350 535 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 1,395 630 765 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 280 120 155 635 290 345
Pangasinan 60 25 30 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,900 10,620 15,280 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 830 360 470
Creole languages 970 480 495 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 620 315 305 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 330 150 175 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 17,015 8,435 8,580 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 680 325 355 225 115 110
Malayalam 2,960 1,470 1,485 1,750 905 845
Tamil 10,900 5,330 5,570 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 2,355 1,245 1,110 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 290,420 139,890 150,530 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 3,760 1,895 1,860 1,090 560 530
Armenian 830 405 425 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 89,640 41,945 47,695 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 1,575 650 920 645 280 370
Latvian 360 145 215 320 145 175
Lithuanian 1,210 505 705 325 130 200
Slavic languages 88,065 41,290 46,780 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 45 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,630 800 830 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 2,060 1,035 1,020 1,725 805 915
Croatian 9,015 4,440 4,580 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,200 555 650 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 2,115 1,025 1,095 250 120 135
Polish 37,295 17,190 20,105 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 9,705 4,365 5,340 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 9,055 4,400 4,660 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 940 460 485 1,145 545 600
Slovak 1,630 775 855 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,535 670 865 545 250 290
Ukrainian 11,695 5,490 6,205 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 180 90 90
Celtic languages 80 40 45 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 40 15 20 125 65 60
Welsh 25 15 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,760 4,395 5,365 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 360 160 190 1,435 730 705
Danish 395 185 210 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,015 970 1,050 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 5 15 80 30 50
German 6,545 2,895 3,650 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 75 40 35 835 410 430
Swedish 235 95 140 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 30 55 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 4,150 2,075 2,070 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 107,590 53,685 53,900 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 97,180 48,440 48,735 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 4,600 2,295 2,310 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 8,460 4,120 4,340 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 11,360 5,600 5,760 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 100 50 50 40 25 15
Konkani 930 445 485 225 110 110
Marathi 1,470 735 740 535 280 255
Nepali 775 380 395 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 125 65 60 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,895 8,945 8,950 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 1,220 585 635 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,590 765 820 1,455 730 725
Urdu 48,655 24,450 24,200 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 9,970 5,015 4,955 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 285 165 115 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,620 820 800 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 8,065 4,025 4,040 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 435 235 205 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 74,615 35,445 39,165 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 19,735 9,760 9,975 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 24,140 11,440 12,705 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 5,035 2,405 2,635 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 25,645 11,815 13,830 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 60 40 25
Japanese 1,410 515 895 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 80 45 40 65 40 25
Georgian 85 40 40 65 40 25
Korean 9,705 4,525 5,190 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 50 25 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 50 25 30 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,905 1,320 1,585 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 855 370 485 405 220 180
Bamanankan 10 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 80 35 50 80 45 30
Ewe 85 40 45 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 10 20 10 5
Ga 75 35 40 35 15 15
Ganda 65 30 35 65 35 30
Igbo 245 125 125 160 90 65
Lingala 30 15 20 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 25 105 45 55
Shona 130 65 60 150 70 85
Swahili 310 135 165 585 285 295
Wolof 25 10 15 30 10 20
Yoruba 515 255 260 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 375 155 215 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 35 265 135 135
Dinka 10 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 190 85 100
Sign languages 330 170 160 620 330 295
American Sign Language 185 95 85 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 75 70 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 58,600 27,320 31,280 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 57,755 26,920 30,835 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 20,100 9,335 10,770 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 400 185 215 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 33,615 15,755 17,860 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 35 15 20 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,490 660 835 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 785 350 440 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 610 680 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 845 400 445 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 145 65 85 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 15 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 655 320 340 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 480 170 315 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 195 90 105 800 405 400
Thai 290 80 205 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 2,520 1,275 1,245 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 90 50 40 495 275 225
Turkish 2,140 1,080 1,065 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 165 85 75 165 80 85
Uzbek 60 30 30 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,790 1,750 2,045 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 305 150 150 455 195 260
Finnish 350 140 205 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 3,140 1,455 1,685 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 365 200 170
Multiple responses 51,755 25,185 26,570 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,280 1,500 1,780 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 45,480 22,350 23,130 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 1,310 590 720 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,690 755 935 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,038,935 507,010 531,925 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 790,730 388,820 401,915 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 784,395 385,875 398,515 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,340 2,940 3,395 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 248,205 118,190 130,015 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 248,190 118,185 130,005 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,620 11,475 12,145 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 890 345 540 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 80 40 35
Somali 860 335 520 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 22,695 11,105 11,585 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 210 95 110 535 250 290
Arabic 20,900 10,270 10,630 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 855 415 440 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 140 65 80 305 160 145
Harari 20 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 50 30 30 785 400 385
Maltese 290 130 160 5 5 0
Tigrigna 120 55 70 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,510 3,470 4,040 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 7,475 3,455 4,025 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 12,575 5,575 7,000 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 10 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 245 105 135 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 90 40 50 355 150 205
Ilocano 240 105 135 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 5 5 5 0
Malay 525 250 275 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,330 5,010 6,320 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 260 130 130
Creole languages 555 265 290 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 410 200 205 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 9,620 4,655 4,965 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 280 135 145 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,375 675 700 885 450 435
Tamil 6,725 3,195 3,535 1,935 965 965
Telugu 1,200 640 565 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 141,010 67,525 73,485 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 1,855 925 925 530 255 270
Armenian 350 160 190 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 46,690 22,255 24,435 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 515 230 285 160 75 90
Latvian 90 40 50 65 30 35
Lithuanian 420 190 235 90 45 50
Slavic languages 46,175 22,025 24,150 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 855 420 435 540 270 270
Bulgarian 1,270 640 625 925 425 495
Croatian 3,475 1,685 1,790 1,795 840 955
Czech 380 190 190 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 1,015 515 500 120 60 60
Polish 19,910 9,390 10,525 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 6,150 2,870 3,280 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 5,505 2,680 2,825 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 400 185 210 435 205 235
Slovak 530 260 270 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 170 215 60 25 35
Ukrainian 6,230 2,975 3,255 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 25 10 15
Celtic languages 20 5 15 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,195 555 640 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 120 55 65 520 250 265
Danish 25 20 15 180 90 90
Dutch 170 85 90 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 800 365 440 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 75 35 35
Swedish 60 30 30 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 1,265 585 675 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 58,175 28,400 29,770 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 52,385 25,630 26,755 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,565 1,255 1,310 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 4,215 2,005 2,210 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 5,100 2,480 2,620 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 0 0
Konkani 195 90 105 40 15 15
Marathi 655 335 320 245 125 120
Nepali 485 235 250 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 20 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,805 4,740 5,060 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 530 255 275 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 650 325 325 595 290 305
Urdu 28,130 13,895 14,235 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,640 2,695 2,945 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 155 90 65 1,025 515 505
Pashto 860 425 440 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,625 2,185 2,435 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 31,465 14,635 16,830 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 4,540 1,900 2,640 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 9,445 4,455 4,990 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,435 1,150 1,285 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 15,025 7,120 7,900 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 10
Japanese 695 320 370 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 40 15 25 15 10 10
Georgian 45 15 25 15 10 10
Korean 6,765 3,220 3,540 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 25 10 15 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 795 335 460 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 330 130 200 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 30 10 20 15 5 5
Ewe 30 20 10 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 30 15 15 5 0 0
Ganda 20 10 10 5 5 5
Igbo 30 15 15 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 45 25 25 40 15 20
Swahili 85 40 45 155 60 90
Wolof 10 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 120 50 65 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 515 275 240 830 460 370
American Sign Language 285 145 140 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 135 95 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,670 19,695 21,975 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 41,090 19,410 21,675 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 13,220 6,080 7,140 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 85 45 45 670 280 390
Mandarin 25,870 12,410 13,460 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 615 275 345 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 495 230 270 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 375 410 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 585 285 300 1,630 820 810
Burmese 80 40 40 685 350 335
Karenic languages 15 5 10 685 335 350
Tibetan 480 240 240 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 160 75 90 1,015 435 580
Lao 75 30 40 335 160 175
Thai 90 40 50 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 1,355 665 690 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 20 5 15 185 95 90
Turkish 1,165 565 605 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 105 55 50 100 50 50
Uzbek 35 25 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,240 585 655 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 50 20 30 75 30 45
Finnish 50 30 25 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,135 535 600 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 118,875 57,550 61,320 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 2,770 1,275 1,490 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 113,075 54,985 58,090 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 470 205 265 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 2,565 1,090 1,475 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,157,810 564,560 593,245 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 877,665 430,295 447,370 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 117,395 57,785 59,605 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 11,090 4,620 6,470 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 146,355 69,400 76,960 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 15 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 146,325 69,385 76,945 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 1,015 460 560 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,490 1,210 1,285 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 1,750 775 975 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 947,220 457,305 489,915 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,645 433,910 463,740 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,391 42,099 30,142 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,825 433,945 463,880 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,122 37,512 27,787 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 810,335 401,820 408,515 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,778 42,813 29,798 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 623,535 272,905 350,635 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 877 3,597 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 687,075 351,785 335,290 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,988 43,886 32,917 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 947,170 457,420 489,755 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,105 434,380 463,725 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,280 64,612 42,666 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,285 434,430 463,860 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,593 50,073 35,589 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 810,520 402,270 408,245 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,238 66,068 42,581 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 623,525 273,265 350,265 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,240 5,448 6,857 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 687,095 351,850 335,250 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,323 64,578 43,560 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 947,175 457,420 489,755 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 339,475 189,145 150,330 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,230 65,540 54,578 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,850 88,194 64,836 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.9 94.7 87.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.1 81.1 73.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.1 5.3 12.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 947,225 457,310 489,915 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 49,575 23,395 26,175 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 897,650 433,910 463,740 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.9 94.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,690 66,395 87,295 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 142,135 58,435 83,705 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 105,165 45,130 60,030 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 86,635 38,795 47,840 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 80,260 37,165 43,100 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 66,730 32,265 34,460 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 54,260 28,310 25,950 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 43,060 23,700 19,360 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 35,440 19,775 15,670 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 30,375 16,520 13,860 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 99,895 67,420 32,475 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 61,600 39,600 21,995 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 38,300 27,825 10,475 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 947,225 457,305 489,910 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 49,395 23,365 26,035 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 897,825 433,945 463,880 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.9 94.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,810 67,305 89,515 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 148,040 61,140 86,900 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 121,440 52,570 68,870 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 105,210 48,200 57,005 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 95,630 45,565 50,070 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 72,825 37,850 34,970 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 54,500 30,350 24,150 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 43,850 24,380 19,470 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 99,520 66,585 32,935 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 29,465 17,705 11,760 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 17,925 11,735 6,195 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 52,125 37,150 14,980 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 947,220 457,310 489,910 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 260,150 105,525 154,620 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 687,075 351,785 335,295 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.5 76.9 68.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 87,230 41,490 45,740 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 54,090 24,090 30,005 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 85,670 39,775 45,895 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 66,370 30,440 35,935 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 62,620 28,755 33,865 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 60,760 28,555 32,205 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 52,355 25,990 26,365 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 43,230 22,975 20,260 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 35,160 19,785 15,375 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 139,590 89,935 49,650 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 30,175 17,100 13,075 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 26,730 14,660 12,070 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 82,680 58,170 24,510 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 398,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,615 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,196 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 76,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,430 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,851 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 321,600 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,990 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,243 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 398,550 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,063 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,001 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 76,940 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,354 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,920 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 321,610 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 134,826 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,742 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 398,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,645 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,840 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,345 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,590 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,855 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,150 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,890 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,570 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,930 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,990 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,360 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,185 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,230 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,415 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,210 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,365 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,815 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,260 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,770 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 49,525 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 398,565 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,070 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,950 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,490 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,950 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,445 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,670 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,095 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,000 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,240 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,065 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,210 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,445 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,255 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,365 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 142,330 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,055 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,870 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,415 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 315,305 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,565 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,846 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 81,710 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,524 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,849 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 179,045 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,242 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,436 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 45,785 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,505 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,075 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 315,180 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,759 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,546 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 81,800 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,131 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,339 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 178,975 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 156,202 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,045 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 45,505 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,838 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,885 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,235 47,065 56,170 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,674 41,665 36,339 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,473 36,639 32,826 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,950 46,965 55,985 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,238 57,225 48,055 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,395 45,107 40,120 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,153,185 562,760 590,435 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 474,900 226,240 248,660 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 98,110 47,025 51,080 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 92,655 42,905 49,750 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 90,530 42,540 47,995 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 93,065 44,860 48,210 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 100,545 48,910 51,630 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 678,290 336,515 341,770 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 107,660 52,600 55,055 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 116,750 57,275 59,475 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 130,185 64,390 65,790 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 149,720 74,585 75,140 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 173,980 87,670 86,310 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,153,190 562,755 590,435 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 252,030 129,175 122,860 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 73,185 37,330 35,850 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 745,740 362,585 383,160 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 155,415 71,000 84,415 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 143,115 67,235 75,885 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 42,335 21,850 20,485 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 12,360 6,275 6,085 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 84,715 39,250 45,470 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 16,065 6,140 9,925 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 11.9 12.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.9 16.8 17.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.8 11.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.6 11.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 111,380 53,050 58,330 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 31,620 16,305 15,315 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,235 4,665 4,575 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 70,000 33,150 36,850 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 9,760 3,595 6,165 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.7 9.4 9.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.5 12.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.1 9.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.3 5.1 7.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,121,300 550,600 570,700 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,120,320 550,205 570,115 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 97,670 41,475 56,195 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 591,535 283,230 308,305 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 115 40 75 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 85 20 65 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 10 50 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 50 10 45 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 591,425 283,190 308,235 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 59,295 30,055 29,240 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 60 30 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 20 10 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,065 1,485 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 15 10 10 15 0 15
Oromo 75 25 50 190 110 80
Somali 2,440 1,025 1,420 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 10 0 10
Semitic languages 56,855 29,040 27,815 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 705 320 385 1,755 905 855
Arabic 52,345 26,890 25,450 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,895 970 925 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 470 230 240 545 270 275
Harari 40 20 25 55 35 20
Hebrew 860 485 375 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,530 710 820 165 90 80
Tigrigna 370 180 185 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 295 130 165 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,490 6,865 7,620 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 150 75 75 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 14,350 6,800 7,550 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 37,705 15,565 22,140 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 70 30 35 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,290 535 760 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 440 155 285 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,215 475 740 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 1,930 915 1,015 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 325 150 170 775 350 430
Pangasinan 65 35 25 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,190 14,385 20,805 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 50 20 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 3,080 1,475 1,600 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 70 30 35 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,975 945 1,030 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,045 505 540 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 24,105 12,160 11,945 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 1,655 805 850 445 210 235
Malayalam 4,180 2,050 2,125 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 16,250 8,190 8,060 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 3,535 1,870 1,665 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 110 85 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 373,585 180,775 192,805 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 4,130 2,115 2,015 1,135 580 555
Armenian 940 480 460 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 102,440 48,820 53,620 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,750 735 1,015 635 310 325
Latvian 415 175 235 310 175 140
Lithuanian 1,330 555 780 325 135 185
Slavic languages 101,075 48,260 52,820 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 205 110 95 205 95 110
Bosnian 2,480 1,250 1,235 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 2,385 1,245 1,140 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 12,915 6,420 6,495 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,675 775 905 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 2,975 1,485 1,495 345 180 160
Polish 44,915 21,000 23,910 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 16,330 7,825 8,505 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 11,520 5,665 5,860 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 975 485 485 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,905 925 975 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,805 800 1,005 725 330 400
Ukrainian 15,640 7,370 8,265 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 195 90 100 250 120 125
Celtic languages 305 145 160 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 110 45 65 350 225 120
Welsh 40 25 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 685 370 320
Germanic languages 16,310 7,615 8,695 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,175 560 610 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 450 185 270 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,600 1,210 1,390 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 35 15 20 120 55 65
German 11,875 5,605 6,270 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 175 70 105 1,405 730 680
Swedish 460 190 270 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 40 25 15 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 6,520 3,290 3,235 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 148,770 74,125 74,640 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 137,705 68,675 69,030 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 6,030 3,065 2,970 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 11,905 5,685 6,225 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 43,825 21,780 22,045 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 180 95 85 45 25 20
Konkani 2,405 1,065 1,335 375 185 190
Marathi 2,960 1,525 1,440 1,275 650 625
Nepali 950 435 515 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 240 115 125 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,625 17,130 16,495 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 2,185 1,090 1,090 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,775 1,400 1,375 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 70,135 35,420 34,715 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 12,375 6,080 6,290 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 360 210 155 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 2,335 1,170 1,170 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 10,185 4,975 5,210 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 815 450 370 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 101,410 47,710 53,700 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 65 30 35 245 125 120
Italian 29,650 14,270 15,380 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 30,900 14,610 16,295 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 6,070 2,950 3,120 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 38,895 17,725 21,170 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 220 130 85
Japanese 2,480 1,150 1,335 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 120 60 60 90 50 40
Georgian 115 60 60 90 50 45
Korean 10,940 5,175 5,765 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 60 30 30 320 155 170
Mongolian 60 30 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 6,735 3,195 3,540 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 1,555 705 850 495 280 215
Bamanankan 35 10 25 20 10 10
Edo 155 65 90 115 65 55
Ewe 125 45 85 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 35 30 45 10 35
Ga 155 90 65 95 60 35
Ganda 145 70 80 105 60 45
Igbo 525 225 290 240 140 95
Lingala 290 130 165 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 10 50 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 25 70 210 95 115
Shona 185 80 105 265 125 140
Swahili 1,625 850 775 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 50 15 40 30 15 15
Yoruba 1,385 695 690 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 860 380 475 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 70 35 300 150 150
Dinka 35 25 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,235 480 755 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 770 270 500 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 500 230 275 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 66,450 31,135 35,320 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 65,495 30,670 34,825 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 25,855 12,040 13,815 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 415 190 225 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 42,930 19,940 22,985 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 75 30 45 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,975 900 1,070 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,145 550 590 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,375 610 765 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,000 490 510 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 175 85 90 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 755 375 380 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 590 235 350 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 245 110 135 1,125 505 620
Thai 390 140 245 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 3,425 1,775 1,650 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 115 50 60 835 455 385
Turkish 2,945 1,515 1,425 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 230 110 120 105 50 55
Uzbek 95 60 35 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 35 225 125 105
Uralic languages 4,055 1,830 2,225 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 320 165 155 495 205 295
Finnish 390 165 220 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,345 1,500 1,850 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 155 185 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,153,205 562,840 590,370 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,026,315 502,340 523,970 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 228,845 116,575 112,270 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 797,465 385,760 411,705 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 126,900 60,500 66,395 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 611,580 304,810 306,770 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 523,740 249,435 274,305 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 118,100 55,630 62,470 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 67,645 32,460 35,185 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 119,480 57,360 62,115 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 147,830 69,940 77,885 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 79,600 37,985 41,620 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 68,230 31,960 36,270 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 70,685 34,040 36,650 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 17,890 8,595 9,300 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 523,735 249,435 274,305 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 50,975 25,410 25,565 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 94,620 48,720 45,900 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 103,255 45,870 57,385 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 225,380 106,330 119,045 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 49,505 23,100 26,405 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 523,740 249,435 274,300 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 64,170 28,695 35,480 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 2,080 905 1,175 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 5,495 2,485 3,010 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,305 620 685 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 6,470 2,900 3,565 920 415 500
Haiti 200 105 95 265 110 160
Jamaica 12,245 5,130 7,110 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 2,380 990 1,390 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 2,225 1,005 1,220 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 7,405 3,245 4,165 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,010 4,690 5,320 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 14,360 6,615 7,745 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 150,340 71,700 78,645 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,605 2,365 2,245 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 6,110 3,005 3,100 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 1,200 570 630 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,365 2,470 2,895 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 2,580 1,320 1,260 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,795 810 985 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,995 860 1,135 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 12,425 6,310 6,120 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,835 890 940 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 30,195 13,840 16,355 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 17,080 8,085 8,995 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 5,125 2,400 2,720 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 4,195 1,865 2,330 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,670 2,250 2,420 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 8,285 3,940 4,345 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 25,445 12,335 13,115 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 17,430 8,375 9,050 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 34,340 16,895 17,445 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 320 160 160 430 270 150
Egypt 12,645 6,585 6,065 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 675 305 370 1,665 835 825
Kenya 2,540 1,110 1,425 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 465 210 255 730 385 340
Nigeria 2,930 1,500 1,430 1,205 630 575
Somalia 1,355 495 860 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 2,705 1,280 1,420 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 10,710 5,255 5,460 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 273,530 131,480 142,045 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 3,820 1,915 1,905 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 3,380 1,685 1,700 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 32,345 14,850 17,495 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 9,050 4,260 4,795 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 57,905 28,405 29,505 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,375 2,235 2,145 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 9,500 4,780 4,720 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 945 310 630 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,595 4,030 4,570 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 4,130 2,185 1,945 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 45,430 22,985 22,445 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 36,055 15,410 20,650 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 10,400 5,145 5,260 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,030 2,030 1,995 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 2,535 1,140 1,390 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 11,845 5,445 6,400 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 29,175 14,680 14,500 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,360 665 695 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 70,685 34,040 36,650 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 7,480 3,640 3,840 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 395 185 210 960 445 520
Colombia 905 450 455 465 220 240
Cuba 250 100 155 70 35 30
Haiti 65 40 20 15 0 10
Jamaica 840 450 385 160 115 45
Mexico 580 265 315 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,085 995 1,090 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 730 355 375 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 1,625 790 835 1,855 875 975
Europe 7,035 3,290 3,745 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 170 80 95 790 415 370
Germany 120 55 65 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 225 125 105 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 30 25 200 110