Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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Characteristic Mississauga Halton,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Mississauga Halton, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,164,740 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,109,554 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 410,639 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 398,569 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,104.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,054.42 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,164,740 567,105 597,635 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 206,240 105,590 100,655 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 59,960 30,515 29,445 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 71,765 36,635 35,130 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 74,515 38,440 36,075 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 794,720 388,020 406,695 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 78,380 40,470 37,910 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 79,880 41,235 38,645 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 69,480 34,825 34,655 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 70,000 33,325 36,675 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 76,340 35,085 41,255 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 83,885 39,465 44,425 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 91,335 43,615 47,725 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 95,360 46,665 48,700 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 84,065 41,330 42,735 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 65,980 32,000 33,985 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 163,780 73,495 90,285 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 53,880 25,495 28,380 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 38,735 18,100 20,625 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 28,865 13,185 15,675 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 21,155 9,170 11,980 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 21,155 7,535 13,615 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 13,445 5,205 8,240 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 6,110 1,955 4,155 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,380 325 1,055 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 220 50 170 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.6 16.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.2 68.4 68.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.1 13.0 15.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.5 38.6 40.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 398,570 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 183,840 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 92,535 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 121,865 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 33,655 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 55,625 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,775 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,595 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 220 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 398,570 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 76,970 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 110,145 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 74,945 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 83,085 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 53,420 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,153,190 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 958,505 461,515 496,985 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 567,360 283,090 284,265 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 519,285 259,015 260,270 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 48,070 24,075 23,995 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 391,145 178,430 212,720 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 274,215 144,475 129,735 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 23,540 9,210 14,335 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 46,885 16,200 30,685 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 46,505 8,545 37,960 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 327,850 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 127,755 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 79,710 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 85,685 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,705 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 327,850 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 276,195 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 252,185 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,015 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 51,655 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 42,285 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 9,370 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 276,195 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 97,225 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 178,975 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 64,110 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 81,505 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 33,365 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 51,655 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 30,530 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 15,605 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 5,520 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 132,330 57,000 75,340 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 398,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 294,780 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 84,235 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 210,545 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,965 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 87,820 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 76,970 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,850 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 1,027,760 510,625 517,135 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 965 410 560 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 97,100 41,405 55,695 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 31,990 12,130 19,860 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,157,810 564,560 593,250 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,098,570 540,235 558,330 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 15,665 6,995 8,665 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 12,120 5,475 6,645 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 31,455 11,860 19,595 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,725 9,735 11,990 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,106,055 539,375 566,675 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 631,750 313,515 318,230 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 617,625 307,190 310,440 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 14,125 6,335 7,795 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 474,305 225,860 248,450 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 15 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 10 10 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 5 0 5 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 474,245 225,830 248,415 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,385 22,205 22,185 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 60 30 30 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 15 15 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,710 675 1,030 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 5 5 250 140 110
Oromo 55 25 35 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,635 645 990 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 42,560 21,465 21,095 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 485 215 265 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 38,510 19,530 18,975 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 690 745 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 230 105 125 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 25 10 20 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 160 95 60 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 1,200 555 640 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 315 155 155 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,470 5,295 6,175 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 55 75 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 11,330 5,235 6,090 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 29,890 12,310 17,580 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 60 25 35 595 260 330
Cebuano 810 335 480 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 15 5 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 320 120 200 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 880 350 535 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 1,395 630 765 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 280 120 155 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 60 25 30 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,900 10,620 15,280 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 970 480 495 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 620 315 305 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 330 150 175 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 17,015 8,435 8,580 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 680 325 355 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 2,960 1,470 1,485 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 10,900 5,330 5,570 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 2,355 1,245 1,110 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 290,420 139,890 150,530 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 3,760 1,895 1,860 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 830 405 425 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 89,640 41,945 47,695 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 1,575 650 920 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 360 145 215 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 1,210 505 705 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 88,065 41,290 46,780 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 45 20 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,630 800 830 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 2,060 1,035 1,020 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 9,015 4,440 4,580 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,200 555 650 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 2,115 1,025 1,095 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 37,295 17,190 20,105 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 9,705 4,365 5,340 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 9,055 4,400 4,660 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 940 460 485 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 1,630 775 855 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,535 670 865 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 11,695 5,490 6,205 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 80 40 45 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 40 15 20 450 210 240
Welsh 25 15 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 9,760 4,395 5,365 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 360 160 190 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 395 185 210 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,015 970 1,050 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 5 15 1,240 630 620
German 6,545 2,895 3,650 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 75 40 35 940 405 540
Swedish 235 95 140 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 30 55 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 4,150 2,075 2,070 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 107,590 53,685 53,900 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 97,180 48,440 48,735 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 4,600 2,295 2,310 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 8,460 4,120 4,340 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 11,360 5,600 5,760 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 100 50 50 345 170 175
Konkani 930 445 485 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 1,470 735 740 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 775 380 395 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 125 65 60 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,895 8,945 8,950 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 1,220 585 635 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,590 765 820 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 48,655 24,450 24,200 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 9,970 5,015 4,955 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 285 165 115 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,620 820 800 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 8,065 4,025 4,040 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 435 235 205 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 74,615 35,445 39,165 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 20 10 5 285 150 135
Italian 19,735 9,760 9,975 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 24,140 11,440 12,705 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 5,035 2,405 2,635 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 25,645 11,815 13,830 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 420 200 215
Japanese 1,410 515 895 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 80 45 40 1,200 635 565
Georgian 85 40 40 1,200 635 565
Korean 9,705 4,525 5,190 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 50 25 25 405 180 220
Mongolian 50 25 30 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 2,905 1,320 1,585 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 855 370 485 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 10 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 80 35 50 1,140 475 670
Ewe 85 40 45 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 10 365 180 185
Ga 75 35 40 600 275 325
Ganda 65 30 35 760 360 400
Igbo 245 125 125 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 30 15 20 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 25 1,330 545 785
Shona 130 65 60 1,455 660 790
Swahili 310 135 165 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 25 10 15 290 145 150
Yoruba 515 255 260 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 375 155 215 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 35 1,610 810 800
Dinka 10 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 330 170 160 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 185 95 85 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 75 70 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 58,600 27,320 31,280 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 57,755 26,920 30,835 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 20,100 9,335 10,770 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 400 185 215 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 33,615 15,755 17,860 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 35 15 20 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,490 660 835 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 785 350 440 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 610 680 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 845 400 445 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 145 65 85 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 15 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 655 320 340 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 480 170 315 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 195 90 105 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 290 80 205 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 2,520 1,275 1,245 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 90 50 40 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 2,140 1,080 1,065 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 165 85 75 515 255 260
Uzbek 60 30 30 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 640 295 345
Uralic languages 3,790 1,750 2,045 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 305 150 150 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 350 140 205 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 3,140 1,455 1,685 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 51,755 25,185 26,570 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 3,280 1,500 1,780 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 45,480 22,350 23,130 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 1,310 590 720 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 1,690 755 935 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,157,810 564,565 593,245 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,038,935 507,010 531,925 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 790,730 388,820 401,915 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 784,395 385,875 398,515 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 6,340 2,940 3,395 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 248,205 118,190 130,015 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 10 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 248,190 118,185 130,005 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,620 11,475 12,145 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 10 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 10 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 890 345 540 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 25 10 15 805 380 425
Somali 860 335 520 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 22,695 11,105 11,585 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 210 95 110 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 20,900 10,270 10,630 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 855 415 440 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 140 65 80 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 20 10 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 50 30 30 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 290 130 160 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 120 55 70 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,510 3,470 4,040 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 7,475 3,455 4,025 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 12,575 5,575 7,000 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 10 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 245 105 135 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 90 40 50 910 385 530
Ilocano 240 105 135 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 5 35 15 20
Malay 525 250 275 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,330 5,010 6,320 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 380 175 200
Creole languages 555 265 290 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 410 200 205 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 9,620 4,655 4,965 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 280 135 145 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 1,375 675 700 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 6,725 3,195 3,535 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 1,200 640 565 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 141,010 67,525 73,485 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 1,855 925 925 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 350 160 190 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 46,690 22,255 24,435 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 515 230 285 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 90 40 50 860 350 515
Lithuanian 420 190 235 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 46,175 22,025 24,150 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 855 420 435 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 1,270 640 625 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 3,475 1,685 1,790 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 380 190 190 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 1,015 515 500 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 19,910 9,390 10,525 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 6,150 2,870 3,280 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 5,505 2,680 2,825 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 400 185 210 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 530 260 270 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 170 215 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 6,230 2,975 3,255 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 355 160 190
Celtic languages 20 5 15 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,195 555 640 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 120 55 65 755 365 390
Danish 25 20 15 280 135 150
Dutch 170 85 90 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 800 365 440 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 70 30 40
Swedish 60 30 30 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 655 315 340
Greek 1,265 585 675 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 58,175 28,400 29,770 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 52,385 25,630 26,755 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 2,565 1,255 1,310 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 4,215 2,005 2,210 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 5,100 2,480 2,620 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 20 10 10 65 30 35
Konkani 195 90 105 540 260 280
Marathi 655 335 320 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 485 235 250 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 20 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,805 4,740 5,060 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 530 255 275 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 650 325 325 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 28,130 13,895 14,235 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,640 2,695 2,945 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 155 90 65 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 860 425 440 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 4,625 2,185 2,435 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 31,465 14,635 16,830 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 4,540 1,900 2,640 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 9,445 4,455 4,990 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,435 1,150 1,285 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 15,025 7,120 7,900 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 60
Japanese 695 320 370 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 40 15 25 770 420 355
Georgian 45 15 25 775 420 355
Korean 6,765 3,220 3,540 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 225 115 110
Mongolian 25 10 15 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 795 335 460 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 330 130 200 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 30 10 20 305 120 180
Ewe 30 20 10 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 30 15 15 175 80 100
Ganda 20 10 10 195 85 110
Igbo 30 15 15 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 45 25 25 455 210 245
Swahili 85 40 45 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 120 50 65 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 425 195 225
Sign languages 515 275 240 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 285 145 140 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 135 95 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,670 19,695 21,975 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 41,090 19,410 21,675 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 13,220 6,080 7,140 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 85 45 45 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 25,870 12,410 13,460 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 615 275 345 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 495 230 270 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 375 410 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 585 285 300 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 80 40 40 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 15 5 10 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 480 240 240 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 160 75 90 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 75 30 40 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 90 40 50 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,355 665 690 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 20 5 15 770 385 380
Turkish 1,165 565 605 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 105 55 50 290 150 140
Uzbek 35 25 15 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 1,240 585 655 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 50 20 30 790 290 500
Finnish 50 30 25 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 1,135 535 600 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 118,875 57,550 61,320 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,770 1,275 1,490 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 113,075 54,985 58,090 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 470 205 265 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 2,565 1,090 1,475 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,157,810 564,560 593,245 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 877,665 430,295 447,370 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 117,395 57,785 59,605 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 11,090 4,620 6,470 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 146,355 69,400 76,960 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 15 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 146,325 69,385 76,945 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 1,015 460 560 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,490 1,210 1,285 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 1,750 775 975 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 947,220 457,305 489,915 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,645 433,910 463,740 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,391 42,099 30,142 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 897,825 433,945 463,880 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,122 37,512 27,787 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 810,335 401,820 408,515 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,778 42,813 29,798 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 623,535 272,905 350,635 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 877 3,597 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 687,075 351,785 335,290 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,988 43,886 32,917 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 947,170 457,420 489,755 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,105 434,380 463,725 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,280 64,612 42,666 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 898,285 434,430 463,860 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,593 50,073 35,589 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 810,520 402,270 408,245 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,238 66,068 42,581 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 623,525 273,265 350,265 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,240 5,448 6,857 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 687,095 351,850 335,250 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,323 64,578 43,560 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 947,175 457,420 489,755 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 339,475 189,145 150,330 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,230 65,540 54,578 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,850 88,194 64,836 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.9 94.7 87.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.1 81.1 73.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.1 5.3 12.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 947,225 457,310 489,915 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 49,575 23,395 26,175 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 897,650 433,910 463,740 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.9 94.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,690 66,395 87,295 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 142,135 58,435 83,705 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 105,165 45,130 60,030 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 86,635 38,795 47,840 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 80,260 37,165 43,100 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 66,730 32,265 34,460 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 54,260 28,310 25,950 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 43,060 23,700 19,360 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 35,440 19,775 15,670 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 30,375 16,520 13,860 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 99,895 67,420 32,475 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 61,600 39,600 21,995 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 38,300 27,825 10,475 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 947,225 457,305 489,910 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 49,395 23,365 26,035 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 897,825 433,945 463,880 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.9 94.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,810 67,305 89,515 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 148,040 61,140 86,900 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 121,440 52,570 68,870 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 105,210 48,200 57,005 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 95,630 45,565 50,070 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 72,825 37,850 34,970 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 54,500 30,350 24,150 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 43,850 24,380 19,470 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 99,520 66,585 32,935 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 29,465 17,705 11,760 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 17,925 11,735 6,195 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 52,125 37,150 14,980 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 947,220 457,310 489,910 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 260,150 105,525 154,620 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 687,075 351,785 335,295 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.5 76.9 68.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 87,230 41,490 45,740 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 54,090 24,090 30,005 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 85,670 39,775 45,895 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 66,370 30,440 35,935 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 62,620 28,755 33,865 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 60,760 28,555 32,205 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 52,355 25,990 26,365 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 43,230 22,975 20,260 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 35,160 19,785 15,375 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 139,590 89,935 49,650 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 30,175 17,100 13,075 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 26,730 14,660 12,070 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 82,680 58,170 24,510 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 398,570 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,615 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,196 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 76,970 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,430 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,851 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 321,600 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,990 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,243 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 398,550 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,063 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,001 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 76,940 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,354 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,920 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 321,610 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 134,826 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,742 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 398,570 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,645 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,840 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,345 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,590 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,855 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,150 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,890 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,570 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,930 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,990 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,360 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,185 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,230 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,415 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,210 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,365 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,815 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,260 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,770 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 49,525 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 398,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,070 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,950 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,490 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,000 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,950 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,445 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,670 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,095 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,000 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,240 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,065 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,210 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,445 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,255 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,365 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 142,330 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,055 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,870 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,415 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 315,305 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,565 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,846 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 81,710 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,524 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,849 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 179,045 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,242 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,436 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 45,785 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,505 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,075 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 315,180 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,759 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,546 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 81,800 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,131 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,339 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 178,975 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 156,202 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,045 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 45,505 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,838 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,885 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,235 47,065 56,170 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,674 41,665 36,339 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,473 36,639 32,826 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,950 46,965 55,985 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,238 57,225 48,055 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,395 45,107 40,120 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,153,185 562,760 590,435 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 474,900 226,240 248,660 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 98,110 47,025 51,080 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 92,655 42,905 49,750 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 90,530 42,540 47,995 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 93,065 44,860 48,210 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 100,545 48,910 51,630 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 678,290 336,515 341,770 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 107,660 52,600 55,055 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 116,750 57,275 59,475 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 130,185 64,390 65,790 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 149,720 74,585 75,140 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 173,980 87,670 86,310 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,153,190 562,755 590,435 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 252,030 129,175 122,860 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 73,185 37,330 35,850 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 745,740 362,585 383,160 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 155,415 71,000 84,415 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 143,115 67,235 75,885 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 42,335 21,850 20,485 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,360 6,275 6,085 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 84,715 39,250 45,470 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 16,065 6,140 9,925 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 11.9 12.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.9 16.8 17.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.8 11.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.6 11.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 111,380 53,050 58,330 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 31,620 16,305 15,315 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,235 4,665 4,575 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 70,000 33,150 36,850 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 9,760 3,595 6,165 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.7 9.4 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.5 12.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.1 9.6 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.3 5.1 7.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,121,300 550,600 570,700 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,120,320 550,205 570,115 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 97,670 41,475 56,195 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 591,535 283,230 308,305 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 115 40 75 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 85 20 65 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 15 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 10 50 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 50 10 45 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 591,425 283,190 308,235 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 59,295 30,055 29,240 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 60 30 25 925 505 415
Kabyle 20 10 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 2,555 1,065 1,485 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 15 10 10 355 200 160
Oromo 75 25 50 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 2,440 1,025 1,420 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 370 170 205
Semitic languages 56,855 29,040 27,815 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 705 320 385 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 52,345 26,890 25,450 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,895 970 925 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 470 230 240 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 40 20 25 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 860 485 375 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,530 710 820 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 370 180 185 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 295 130 165 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,490 6,865 7,620 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 150 75 75 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 14,350 6,800 7,550 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 37,705 15,565 22,140 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 70 30 35 755 340 425
Cebuano 1,290 535 760 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 440 155 285 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,215 475 740 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 10 215 115 100
Malay 1,930 915 1,015 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 325 150 170 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 65 35 25 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,190 14,385 20,805 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 50 20 30 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 3,080 1,475 1,600 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 70 30 35 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,975 945 1,030 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,045 505 540 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 24,105 12,160 11,945 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 1,655 805 850 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 4,180 2,050 2,125 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 16,250 8,190 8,060 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 3,535 1,870 1,665 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 110 85 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 373,585 180,775 192,805 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 4,130 2,115 2,015 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 940 480 460 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 102,440 48,820 53,620 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 1,750 735 1,015 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 415 175 235 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 1,330 555 780 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 101,075 48,260 52,820 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 205 110 95 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 2,480 1,250 1,235 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 2,385 1,245 1,140 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 12,915 6,420 6,495 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,675 775 905 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 2,975 1,485 1,495 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 44,915 21,000 23,910 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 16,330 7,825 8,505 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 11,520 5,665 5,860 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 975 485 485 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,905 925 975 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,805 800 1,005 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 15,640 7,370 8,265 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 195 90 100 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 305 145 160 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 110 45 65 1,480 720 765
Welsh 40 25 25 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 16,310 7,615 8,695 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,175 560 610 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 450 185 270 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,600 1,210 1,390 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 35 15 20 1,655 820 835
German 11,875 5,605 6,270 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 175 70 105 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 460 190 270 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 40 25 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 6,520 3,290 3,235 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 148,770 74,125 74,640 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 137,705 68,675 69,030 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 6,030 3,065 2,970 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 11,905 5,685 6,225 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 43,825 21,780 22,045 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 180 95 85 600 300 300
Konkani 2,405 1,065 1,335 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 2,960 1,525 1,440 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 950 435 515 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 240 115 125 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,625 17,130 16,495 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 2,185 1,090 1,090 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,775 1,400 1,375 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 70,135 35,420 34,715 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 12,375 6,080 6,290 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 360 210 155 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 2,335 1,170 1,170 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 10,185 4,975 5,210 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 815 450 370 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 101,410 47,710 53,700 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 65 30 35 515 275 240
Italian 29,650 14,270 15,380 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 30,900 14,610 16,295 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 6,070 2,950 3,120 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 38,895 17,725 21,170 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,480 1,150 1,335 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 120 60 60 1,555 775 780
Georgian 115 60 60 1,555 770 785
Korean 10,940 5,175 5,765 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 60 30 30 515 225 285
Mongolian 60 30 30 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 6,735 3,195 3,540 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,555 705 850 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 35 10 25 385 195 185
Edo 155 65 90 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 125 45 85 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 35 30 700 320 375
Ga 155 90 65 1,340 645 695
Ganda 145 70 80 1,225 550 675
Igbo 525 225 290 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 290 130 165 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 10 50 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 25 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 185 80 105 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,625 850 775 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 50 15 40 730 355 375
Yoruba 1,385 695 690 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 860 380 475 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 70 35 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 35 25 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,235 480 755 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 770 270 500 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 500 230 275 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 66,450 31,135 35,320 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 65,495 30,670 34,825 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 25,855 12,040 13,815 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 415 190 225 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 42,930 19,940 22,985 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 75 30 45 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,975 900 1,070 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,145 550 590 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,375 610 765 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,000 490 510 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 175 85 90 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 755 375 380 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 590 235 350 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 245 110 135 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 390 140 245 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 3,425 1,775 1,650 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 115 50 60 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,945 1,515 1,425 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 230 110 120 700 350 345
Uzbek 95 60 35 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 35 915 450 465
Uralic languages 4,055 1,830 2,225 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 320 165 155 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 390 165 220 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 3,345 1,500 1,850 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 155 185 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,153,205 562,840 590,370 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,026,315 502,340 523,970 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 228,845 116,575 112,270 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 797,465 385,760 411,705 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 126,900 60,500 66,395 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,153,210 562,840 590,370 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 611,580 304,810 306,770 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 523,740 249,435 274,305 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 118,100 55,630 62,470 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 67,645 32,460 35,185 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 119,480 57,360 62,115 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 147,830 69,940 77,885 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 79,600 37,985 41,620 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 68,230 31,960 36,270 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 70,685 34,040 36,650 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 17,890 8,595 9,300 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 523,735 249,435 274,305 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 50,975 25,410 25,565 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 94,620 48,720 45,900 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 103,255 45,870 57,385 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 225,380 106,330 119,045 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 49,505 23,100 26,405 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 523,740 249,435 274,300 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 64,170 28,695 35,480 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 2,080 905 1,175 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 5,495 2,485 3,010 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,305 620 685 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 6,470 2,900 3,565 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 200 105 95 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 12,245 5,130 7,110 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 2,380 990 1,390 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 2,225 1,005 1,220 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 7,405 3,245 4,165 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,010 4,690 5,320 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 14,360 6,615 7,745 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 150,340 71,700 78,645 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,605 2,365 2,245 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 6,110 3,005 3,100 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 1,200 570 630 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 5,365 2,470 2,895 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 2,580 1,320 1,260 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,795 810 985 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,995 860 1,135 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 12,425 6,310 6,120 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,835 890 940 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 30,195 13,840 16,355 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 17,080 8,085 8,995 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 5,125 2,400 2,720 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 4,195 1,865 2,330 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,670 2,250 2,420 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 8,285 3,940 4,345 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 25,445 12,335 13,115 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 17,430 8,375 9,050 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 34,340 16,895 17,445 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 320 160 160 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 12,645 6,585 6,065 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 675 305 370 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 2,540 1,110 1,425 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 465 210 255 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 2,930 1,500 1,430 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 1,355 495 860 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 2,705 1,280 1,420 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 10,710 5,255 5,460 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 273,530 131,480 142,045 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 3,820 1,915 1,905 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 3,380 1,685 1,700 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 32,345 14,850 17,495 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 9,050 4,260 4,795 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 57,905 28,405 29,505 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,375 2,235 2,145 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 9,500 4,780 4,720 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 945 310 630 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,595 4,030 4,570 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 4,130 2,185 1,945 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 45,430 22,985 22,445 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 36,055 15,410 20,650 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 10,400 5,145 5,260 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,030 2,030 1,995 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 2,535 1,140 1,390 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 11,845 5,445 6,400 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 29,175 14,680 14,500 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,360 665 695 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 70,685 34,040 36,650 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 7,480 3,640 3,840 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 395 185 210 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 905 450 455 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 250 100 155 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 65 40 20 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 840 450 385 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 580 265 315 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,085 995 1,090 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 730 355 375 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,625 790 835 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 7,035 3,290 3,745 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 170 80 95 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 120 55 65 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 225 125 105 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 30 25 880 400 480
Romania