Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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Characteristic Toronto Central,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,232,258 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,149,993 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 611,053 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 568,161 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,412.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 192.16 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,232,260 598,175 634,090 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 166,620 85,165 81,450 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 60,165 30,840 29,325 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 56,010 28,620 27,395 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 50,445 25,710 24,735 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 892,975 438,260 454,715 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 54,620 27,465 27,150 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 86,005 41,555 44,455 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 124,690 60,160 64,530 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 122,600 60,370 62,230 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 101,030 50,130 50,900 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 87,755 43,235 44,520 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 85,760 42,495 43,260 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 87,050 43,615 43,435 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 77,600 38,115 39,485 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 65,875 31,130 34,745 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 172,670 74,750 97,920 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 55,450 25,910 29,535 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 39,335 17,965 21,370 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 29,695 12,785 16,905 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 22,655 9,445 13,215 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 25,540 8,645 16,895 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 15,340 5,785 9,555 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 7,840 2,295 5,540 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,045 510 1,530 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 310 50 265 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 72.5 73.3 71.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.0 12.5 15.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.0 39.1 40.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.9 37.3 38.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 568,160 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 98,140 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 264,960 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 205,020 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 41,225 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 20,725 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 20,310 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 120,770 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,995 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 568,160 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 227,000 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 177,805 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 74,005 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 58,520 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,830 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,209,845 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,065,645 513,010 552,630 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 521,420 263,760 257,660 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 410,385 205,870 204,515 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 111,035 57,890 53,150 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 544,220 249,250 294,970 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 395,190 200,800 194,390 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 29,790 12,750 17,035 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 71,405 26,590 44,810 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 47,845 9,110 38,735 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 307,175 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 163,310 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 67,695 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 55,715 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,455 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 307,175 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 251,385 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 195,895 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 55,490 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 55,795 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 46,635 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 9,160 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 251,380 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 127,145 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 124,240 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 53,035 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 51,985 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 19,215 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 55,790 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 36,165 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 14,660 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,965 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 348,000 164,055 183,945 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 568,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 292,030 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 121,390 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 170,640 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,370 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 268,760 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 227,000 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 41,760 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,018,150 504,180 513,970 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,115 475 640 1,110 530 580
English and French 156,260 69,375 86,885 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 42,150 16,910 25,245 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,141,605 557,855 583,745 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 24,400 11,820 12,580 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 10,065 4,620 5,440 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 41,610 16,640 24,965 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,435 14,130 15,305 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,177,705 571,960 605,750 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 756,345 377,570 378,775 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 733,760 366,560 367,195 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 22,585 11,005 11,580 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 421,360 194,390 226,975 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 275 120 155 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 215 100 120 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 30 40 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 35 10 25 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 65 70 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 120 65 60 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 5 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 15 5 15 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 10 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 421,085 194,270 226,815 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,345 11,885 11,460 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 65 35 30 95 55 35
Kabyle 30 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 3,150 1,410 1,740 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 450 225 230 165 95 75
Somali 2,665 1,165 1,500 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 20,065 10,410 9,655 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 3,730 1,635 2,095 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,160 5,730 4,435 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 140 55 85 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 315 155 160 25 10 15
Hebrew 2,415 1,305 1,115 1,770 960 805
Maltese 810 420 390 80 40 40
Tigrigna 2,370 1,045 1,320 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 55 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,505 4,265 5,245 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 305 120 190 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 9,195 4,145 5,050 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 29,565 10,675 18,890 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 95 40 55 310 140 170
Cebuano 990 360 630 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 15 10 10 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 510 195 315 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 2,000 680 1,320 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 15 5 10 15 0 10
Malay 765 345 425 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 85 120 635 290 345
Pangasinan 95 40 60 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,580 8,805 15,775 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 75 20 55 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 100 130 830 360 470
Creole languages 620 270 350 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 25 20 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 320 130 185 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 275 125 150 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 8,130 4,200 3,925 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 305 155 155 225 115 110
Malayalam 715 405 310 1,750 905 845
Tamil 5,790 2,895 2,890 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 1,275 725 550 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 246,395 117,240 129,155 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 3,605 1,795 1,810 1,090 560 530
Armenian 1,135 530 610 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 56,405 24,490 31,910 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 2,105 790 1,310 645 280 370
Latvian 935 365 575 320 145 175
Lithuanian 1,165 425 735 325 130 200
Slavic languages 54,300 23,700 30,600 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 95 45 50 60 30 30
Bosnian 465 210 250 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 2,165 990 1,170 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,690 1,210 1,475 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,505 715 790 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,870 850 1,015 250 120 135
Polish 13,575 5,750 7,820 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 13,805 5,770 8,030 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 6,770 3,210 3,560 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 800 350 445 1,145 545 600
Slovak 2,090 990 1,100 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 730 300 425 545 250 290
Ukrainian 7,610 3,230 4,380 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 180 90 90
Celtic languages 205 90 115 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 125 65 60
Welsh 65 25 45 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 65 40 25
Germanic languages 12,665 5,950 6,720 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 265 150 115 1,435 730 705
Danish 435 190 245 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,940 975 965 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 25 15 5 80 30 50
German 7,925 3,630 4,290 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 50 25 25 155 70 80
Norwegian 165 75 85 835 410 430
Swedish 505 230 275 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 35 45 200 105 95
Yiddish 1,260 615 650 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 25 20 15
Greek 14,085 6,795 7,290 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 60,615 31,045 29,570 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 44,015 22,535 21,485 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 12,615 6,420 6,200 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 5,105 2,515 2,585 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 5,455 2,925 2,530 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 15 10 40 25 15
Konkani 185 85 105 225 110 110
Marathi 640 350 285 535 280 255
Nepali 1,310 675 645 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 150 80 65 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,445 1,725 1,720 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 1,165 505 655 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 580 285 290 1,455 730 725
Urdu 13,345 6,945 6,395 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 16,235 8,315 7,915 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 400 245 155 1,650 875 780
Pashto 2,100 1,120 980 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 13,735 6,955 6,780 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 370 200 170 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 97,680 46,550 51,130 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 105 60 45 125 65 55
Italian 19,675 9,155 10,525 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 41,440 19,905 21,530 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 4,500 1,990 2,510 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 31,910 15,420 16,495 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 60 40 25
Japanese 4,260 1,395 2,870 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 150 70 75 65 40 25
Georgian 145 70 70 65 40 25
Korean 10,540 4,450 6,085 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 150 75 75 340 145 200
Mongolian 150 70 80 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 3,405 1,630 1,775 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 500 250 250 405 220 180
Bamanankan 35 15 15 10 10 5
Edo 65 25 45 80 45 30
Ewe 35 20 15 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 20 10 5
Ga 40 20 20 35 15 15
Ganda 145 70 75 65 35 30
Igbo 145 80 60 160 90 65
Lingala 110 50 60 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 70 85 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 165 75 90 105 45 55
Shona 150 70 80 150 70 85
Swahili 875 420 455 585 285 295
Wolof 40 25 20 30 10 20
Yoruba 265 145 120 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 625 270 355 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 65 50 265 135 135
Dinka 10 5 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 190 85 100
Sign languages 260 140 115 620 330 295
American Sign Language 110 60 45 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 145 85 65 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 71,815 31,920 39,890 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 67,605 29,860 37,745 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 32,510 14,580 17,930 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 530 210 315 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 29,295 12,720 16,580 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 145 70 70 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,835 820 1,020 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 685 290 395 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,585 1,160 1,430 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,210 2,065 2,145 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 290 130 160 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 40 20 20 770 370 400
Tibetan 3,755 1,855 1,905 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 795 290 510 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 200 100 105 800 405 400
Thai 590 190 395 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 4,315 2,320 1,990 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 230 140 95 495 275 225
Turkish 3,720 2,010 1,715 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 80 40 40 165 80 85
Uzbek 180 95 85 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 100 40 55 165 70 95
Uralic languages 7,525 3,255 4,270 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 1,095 440 660 455 195 260
Finnish 700 265 435 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 5,730 2,555 3,175 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 115 90 365 200 170
Multiple responses 39,965 18,980 20,985 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 4,480 2,090 2,395 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 32,915 15,685 17,230 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 1,495 705 785 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,075 500 580 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,217,675 590,935 626,735 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,137,630 553,545 584,085 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 921,125 453,525 467,600 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 910,820 448,705 462,115 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 10,305 4,820 5,485 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 216,500 100,015 116,490 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 40 25 20 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 216,430 99,975 116,455 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,390 5,415 5,975 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 25 15 10 40 20 20
Kabyle 10 10 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 1,725 730 995 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 240 110 125 80 40 35
Somali 1,460 610 850 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 5 5 5
Semitic languages 9,625 4,670 4,955 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 2,025 855 1,165 535 250 290
Arabic 5,000 2,610 2,395 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 10 30 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 190 90 105 10 5 5
Hebrew 750 380 365 785 400 385
Maltese 250 115 135 5 5 0
Tigrigna 1,330 580 745 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,950 2,665 3,290 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 45 85 620 290 330
Vietnamese 5,820 2,620 3,200 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 13,210 5,195 8,015 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 20 10 10 70 30 35
Cebuano 345 145 205 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 195 80 115 355 150 205
Ilocano 700 280 425 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 5 5 5 0
Malay 180 90 90 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 25 30 135 65 75
Pangasinan 25 10 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,610 4,520 7,085 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 30 260 130 130
Creole languages 225 85 135 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 20 5 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 125 45 80 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 4,875 2,465 2,405 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 110 60 50 95 45 50
Malayalam 280 155 125 885 450 435
Tamil 3,810 1,880 1,930 1,935 965 965
Telugu 650 365 285 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 120,515 56,835 63,680 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 1,715 870 845 530 255 270
Armenian 400 175 230 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 24,905 11,110 13,795 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 605 230 385 160 75 90
Latvian 240 90 150 65 30 35
Lithuanian 370 135 230 90 45 50
Slavic languages 24,300 10,885 13,415 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 35 15 20 10 5 5
Bosnian 170 80 90 540 270 270
Bulgarian 1,105 520 585 925 425 495
Croatian 835 385 450 1,795 840 955
Czech 375 185 190 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 710 320 390 120 60 60
Polish 5,080 2,180 2,905 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 7,160 3,130 4,030 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,800 1,800 2,000 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 260 120 140 435 205 235
Slovak 1,260 630 625 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 55 90 60 25 35
Ukrainian 3,335 1,445 1,885 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 35 20 15 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 5 5 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,765 835 930 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 65 30 30 520 250 265
Danish 65 30 30 180 90 90
Dutch 215 105 105 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 1,060 490 570 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 15 5 10 50 25 30
Norwegian 20 10 10 75 35 35
Swedish 100 40 60 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 210 105 100 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 6,735 3,140 3,590 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 34,875 17,405 17,465 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 25,050 12,585 12,460 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 8,480 4,230 4,255 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 2,700 1,265 1,435 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 2,325 1,245 1,080 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 0 0
Konkani 25 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 255 135 120 245 125 120
Nepali 850 430 415 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 80 40 40 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,350 690 660 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 545 235 310 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 95 105 595 290 305
Urdu 8,230 4,210 4,020 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 9,680 4,740 4,935 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 170 90 80 1,025 515 505
Pashto 1,550 790 755 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 7,960 3,860 4,100 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 50,090 23,280 26,815 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 55 25 30 60 30 35
Italian 7,515 3,055 4,455 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 24,440 11,705 12,735 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,715 775 940 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 16,355 7,710 8,645 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 1,895 770 1,125 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 75 35 40 15 10 10
Georgian 75 40 35 15 10 10
Korean 6,150 2,665 3,485 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 95 50 45 160 80 85
Mongolian 95 45 45 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,225 545 680 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 200 85 110 125 70 55
Bamanankan 10 5 5 5 5 5
Edo 15 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 10 5 0 0
Ganda 45 20 30 5 5 5
Igbo 40 30 20 35 20 15
Lingala 45 15 25 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 25 30 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 20 45 15 30
Shona 40 15 20 40 15 20
Swahili 375 155 220 155 60 90
Wolof 25 15 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 90 40 50 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 5 105 50 55
Dinka 10 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 385 220 160 830 460 370
American Sign Language 155 80 70 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 140 90 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 44,960 20,420 24,535 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 41,810 18,870 22,940 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 18,960 8,510 10,450 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 160 70 90 670 280 390
Mandarin 20,075 9,110 10,965 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 60 30 30 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 770 345 425 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 185 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,430 645 785 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 3,150 1,550 1,600 1,630 820 810
Burmese 175 80 95 685 350 335
Karenic languages 30 20 15 685 335 350
Tibetan 2,890 1,430 1,465 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 255 115 140 1,015 435 580
Lao 40 20 20 335 160 175
Thai 210 95 115 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 2,325 1,180 1,145 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 80 40 40 185 95 90
Turkish 2,085 1,065 1,020 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 35 20 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 80 45 40 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 40 15 25
Uralic languages 2,805 1,250 1,555 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 275 95 175 75 30 45
Finnish 100 40 55 435 190 240
Hungarian 2,430 1,105 1,330 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 55 35 110 50 60
Multiple responses 80,040 37,395 42,650 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 3,490 1,640 1,850 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 74,335 34,730 39,605 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 530 250 285 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,690 780 910 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 968,225 473,585 494,640 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 86,645 41,365 45,280 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 18,265 8,435 9,830 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 139,220 65,065 74,160 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 280 120 160 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 138,940 64,945 74,000 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 695 345 350 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,105 990 1,110 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 2,465 1,135 1,335 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 55 25 30 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,044,055 502,295 541,760 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,550 484,005 520,545 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,146 40,029 32,995 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,700 484,055 520,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,822 35,823 30,320 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 889,910 433,945 455,965 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,973 43,593 34,940 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 692,810 310,955 381,855 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,606 837 2,801 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 761,895 381,225 380,675 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,692 43,848 35,919 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,043,920 502,145 541,775 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,004,425 483,755 520,665 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,807 84,227 52,551 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,004,590 483,820 520,770 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,519 61,725 42,037 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 889,945 434,050 455,895 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 71,750 90,003 54,372 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 692,610 310,440 382,170 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,141 5,410 6,734 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 761,765 381,310 380,455 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,401 84,387 52,378 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,043,920 502,145 541,775 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 370,300 199,255 171,050 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,046 67,137 58,786 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 95,850 112,927 75,958 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.7 95.7 90.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 78.8 72.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.3 4.3 9.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,044,060 502,295 541,760 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 39,505 18,285 21,220 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,004,550 484,010 520,545 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 96.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,765 73,990 82,775 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 167,425 73,490 93,935 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 119,840 52,375 67,465 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 92,200 41,980 50,220 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 81,645 37,475 44,170 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 67,515 31,485 36,035 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 57,485 27,845 29,640 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 47,720 23,750 23,970 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 38,890 19,815 19,080 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 32,865 16,490 16,370 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 142,205 85,320 56,885 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 74,500 41,185 33,315 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 67,705 44,135 23,570 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,044,055 502,290 541,765 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 39,355 18,240 21,120 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,004,700 484,055 520,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 160,070 75,320 84,745 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 173,985 76,645 97,345 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 136,470 60,230 76,240 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 110,935 50,865 60,070 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 97,060 44,930 52,130 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 77,140 37,335 39,805 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 60,790 30,665 30,130 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 47,740 24,380 23,360 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 140,505 83,685 56,820 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 33,845 17,555 16,290 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 21,605 12,085 9,520 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 85,055 54,040 31,010 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,044,055 502,290 541,765 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 282,160 121,070 161,090 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 761,900 381,225 380,675 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.0 75.9 70.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 88,010 41,235 46,770 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 56,375 26,180 30,200 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 95,425 44,300 51,120 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 75,825 34,980 40,845 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 67,515 31,755 35,755 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 63,630 29,780 33,845 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 54,040 26,310 27,735 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 46,610 23,200 23,410 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 39,355 20,310 19,040 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 175,120 103,170 71,945 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 32,325 16,960 15,365 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 28,810 14,600 14,210 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 113,990 71,615 42,375 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 568,160 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,148 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,244 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 227,000 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,099 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,528 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 341,160 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,945 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,492 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 568,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,872 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,093 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 227,080 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,368 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,131 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 341,080 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,822 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,695 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 568,160 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 18,880 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,665 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 21,460 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 29,055 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,070 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,140 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,815 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,855 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,520 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,830 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,085 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,080 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,405 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,035 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,080 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 190,200 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,120 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,870 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 41,565 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 65,645 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 568,160 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 19,840 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,765 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 21,775 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 30,235 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 26,580 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 24,740 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,290 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,400 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 26,600 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 25,255 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 47,065 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,730 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 36,255 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 30,470 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,880 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 147,285 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 45,970 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,250 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 71,060 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 308,575 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,683 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,386 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 119,540 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,103 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,092 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,535 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,805 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,658 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,420 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,658 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,893 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 308,375 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 166,144 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,188 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 119,380 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 158,300 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,029 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,910 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 215,151 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,176 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 51,975 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,929 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,163 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 317,395 151,830 165,565 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,529 34,441 34,598 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,405 31,214 31,545 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 316,935 151,200 165,735 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,235 56,198 50,531 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,466 43,987 41,078 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,209,845 587,065 622,780 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 577,995 273,950 304,045 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 181,130 88,275 92,850 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 123,360 56,395 66,965 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 98,290 45,975 52,310 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 88,980 42,145 46,840 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 86,240 41,155 45,080 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 631,850 313,115 318,735 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 87,095 41,560 45,530 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 90,470 43,925 46,550 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 100,785 49,365 51,420 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 123,215 60,990 62,225 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 230,285 117,275 113,010 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,209,845 587,065 622,780 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 195,920 100,220 95,700 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 71,245 36,470 34,775 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 852,340 415,785 436,550 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 161,590 71,055 90,530 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 230,450 109,410 121,035 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 42,945 22,100 20,845 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 14,900 7,620 7,275 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 157,485 75,470 82,015 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 30,020 11,845 18,170 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.0 18.6 19.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 22.1 21.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.9 20.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.5 18.2 18.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 18.6 16.7 20.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 209,785 101,235 108,545 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 34,250 17,605 16,640 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 11,960 6,105 5,855 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 153,660 75,125 78,530 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 21,870 8,500 13,370 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.3 17.2 17.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 16.7 16.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 13.5 12.0 14.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,209,730 586,935 622,795 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,167,755 570,025 597,730 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,166,705 569,630 597,070 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 156,405 68,760 87,640 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 540,935 252,950 287,985 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 545 250 290 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 465 225 235 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 85 65 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 20 20 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 10 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 40 30 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 375 170 210 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 350 155 190 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 15 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 35 10 25 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 10 25 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 10 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 10 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 540,425 252,720 287,705 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 38,200 19,510 18,695 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 85 50 35 125 80 45
Kabyle 25 10 15 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 4,240 1,865 2,375 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 15 0 10 15 0 15
Oromo 580 250 335 190 110 80
Somali 3,635 1,610 2,030 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 10 0 10
Semitic languages 34,365 17,840 16,530 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 5,445 2,450 2,995 1,755 905 855
Arabic 15,100 8,395 6,705 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 70 65 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 350 190 165 55 35 20
Hebrew 10,720 5,470 5,250 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,105 565 535 165 90 80
Tigrigna 2,970 1,360 1,610 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 105 70 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 30 50 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,955 5,425 6,530 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 160 270 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 11,575 5,295 6,280 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 37,950 13,955 24,000 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 115 45 65 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,375 550 825 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 475 190 295 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 2,570 970 1,595 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 45 15 35 10 0 0
Malay 1,485 625 860 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 245 110 130 775 350 430
Pangasinan 65 35 30 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,510 12,960 22,545 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 55 0 50 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 310 140 170 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 2,215 895 1,325 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 155 70 85 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,060 380 675 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,030 455 575 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 11,670 6,075 5,595 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 670 370 305 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,190 645 545 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 8,205 4,095 4,110 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 2,110 1,245 865 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 332,190 159,310 172,875 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 4,175 2,120 2,055 1,135 580 555
Armenian 1,395 645 750 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 64,285 28,650 35,635 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 2,330 920 1,410 635 310 325
Latvian 930 395 530 310 175 140
Lithuanian 1,400 520 880 325 135 185
Slavic languages 62,335 27,845 34,490 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 200 105 100 205 95 110
Bosnian 910 410 500 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 2,430 1,110 1,325 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,875 1,885 1,985 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 2,000 975 1,030 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 2,485 1,090 1,395 345 180 160
Polish 16,345 6,965 9,380 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 20,075 8,840 11,235 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 8,550 4,130 4,415 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 1,015 485 535 1,240 595 645
Slovak 2,250 1,060 1,190 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 790 365 430 725 330 400
Ukrainian 10,245 4,345 5,895 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 110 60 250 120 125
Celtic languages 1,095 575 525 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 260 135 125 350 225 120
Welsh 125 55 70 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 715 385 330 685 370 320
Germanic languages 26,505 13,130 13,375 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,005 535 465 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 805 390 420 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,940 1,455 1,485 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 30 15 10 120 55 65
German 18,355 8,955 9,400 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 90 40 50 215 110 100
Norwegian 345 180 165 1,405 730 680
Swedish 1,215 595 615 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 50 220 125 100
Yiddish 2,795 1,500 1,295 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 75 40 30
Greek 19,950 9,875 10,080 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 80,760 41,325 39,430 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 62,900 32,035 30,865 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 15,620 8,080 7,545 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 7,880 3,825 4,055 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 19,905 10,375 9,530 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 30 20 10 45 25 20
Konkani 350 165 185 375 185 190
Marathi 1,120 540 580 1,275 650 625
Nepali 2,230 1,085 1,140 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 260 130 130 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,055 3,695 3,355 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 1,880 865 1,015 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 980 445 535 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 21,190 10,990 10,195 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 18,805 9,675 9,130 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 425 290 140 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 2,995 1,625 1,370 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 16,255 8,305 7,950 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 630 365 265 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 145,875 68,475 77,405 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 165 85 85 245 125 120
Italian 33,845 15,780 18,065 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 52,400 25,325 27,080 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 5,390 2,280 3,115 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 62,685 29,165 33,525 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 210 125 85 220 130 85
Japanese 7,130 2,995 4,130 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 145 80 70 90 50 40
Georgian 150 75 70 90 50 45
Korean 11,850 5,035 6,820 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 220 100 115 320 155 170
Mongolian 220 100 120 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 7,375 3,415 3,960 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 895 405 485 495 280 215
Bamanankan 45 35 10 20 10 10
Edo 100 45 60 115 65 55
Ewe 75 55 20 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 75 45 10 35
Ga 65 30 40 95 60 35
Ganda 255 110 150 105 60 45
Igbo 295 145 150 240 140 95
Lingala 600 250 345 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 220 115 105 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 280 125 150 210 95 115
Shona 350 160 190 265 125 140
Swahili 2,435 1,115 1,325 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 135 45 85 30 15 15
Yoruba 750 390 355 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,520 685 835 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 140 80 60 300 150 150
Dinka 15 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 70 50 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,700 730 965 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,200 455 745 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 515 290 225 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,425 37,790 44,630 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 77,720 35,460 42,265 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 41,040 18,655 22,385 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 630 240 390 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 40,325 18,165 22,155 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 115 60 55 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,175 875 1,300 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 875 345 530 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,685 1,270 1,420 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,880 2,435 2,450 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 515 245 270 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 45 25 25 905 455 450
Tibetan 4,225 2,095 2,130 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 105 55 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,175 470 710 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 295 125 165 1,125 505 620
Thai 895 345 550 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 6,175 3,415 2,760 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 410 210 205 835 455 385
Turkish 5,420 3,030 2,390 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 105 45 60 105 50 55
Uzbek 220 135 90 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 225 125 105
Uralic languages 8,555 3,775 4,785 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 1,135 505 630 495 205 295
Finnish 810 335 470 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 6,655 2,945 3,710 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 445 265 180 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,209,725 586,930 622,800 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,058,455 514,385 544,075 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 180,885 92,590 88,290 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 877,575 421,795 455,785 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 151,270 72,545 78,725 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,209,730 586,930 622,800 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 724,375 360,815 363,565 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 440,905 204,210 236,690 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 122,520 56,065 66,455 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 62,165 29,460 32,705 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 87,505 39,240 48,270 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 102,660 47,465 55,195 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 48,830 22,410 26,420 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 53,830 25,055 28,775 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 66,050 31,980 34,065 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 44,450 21,910 22,540 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 440,905 204,210 236,690 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 41,060 19,815 21,245 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 78,405 38,925 39,490 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 91,960 40,760 51,200 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 192,490 89,135 103,355 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 36,990 15,585 21,405 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 440,905 204,205 236,690 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 74,630 33,990 40,640 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 4,340 2,105 2,235 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,455 1,590 1,860 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,190 1,140 1,050 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 5,730 2,330 3,400 920 415 500
Haiti 305 140 160 265 110 160
Jamaica 10,340 4,500 5,840 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 4,165 2,000 2,165 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 2,025 900 1,130 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 6,345 2,680 3,665 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 16,240 7,535 8,705 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 19,490 9,075 10,420 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 146,275 68,635 77,640 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,430 1,120 1,310 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,150 1,030 1,120 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 3,110 1,485 1,625 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,570 2,625 2,950 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 9,045 4,340 4,705 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 3,695 1,685 2,010 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,260 1,770 1,485 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 12,815 6,100 6,715 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,510 795 715 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 10,950 4,675 6,275 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 27,305 13,045 14,255 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 4,810 2,020 2,785 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 6,720 2,740 3,980 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,220 2,040 2,180 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 6,400 2,800 3,600 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 24,005 11,940 12,065 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 18,280 8,430 9,850 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 29,410 13,920 15,490 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 455 260 190 430 270 150
Egypt 2,295 1,320 980 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 4,910 2,150 2,760 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,750 730 1,025 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 895 450 445 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,570 780 795 1,205 630 575
Somalia 2,260 980 1,280 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 3,370 1,695 1,675 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 11,905 5,555 6,345 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 188,160 86,365 101,795 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 4,025 2,020 2,005 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 10,880 5,545 5,335 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,180 14,915 19,265 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,535 3,770 4,760 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 19,505 10,120 9,390 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 9,960 5,090 4,875 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 970 510 460 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 2,315 695 1,620 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,225 3,420 4,805 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,575 985 590 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 12,840 6,595 6,245 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 34,510 13,145 21,360 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 5,150 2,505 2,645 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,050 570 480 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 2,530 1,070 1,460 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 11,215 4,995 6,220 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 20,690 10,410 10,280 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 2,430 1,295 1,135 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 66,050 31,985 34,065 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 9,785 4,765 5,015 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 1,165 570 590 960 445 520
Colombia 615 300 320 465 220 240
Cuba 300 140 160 70 35 30
Haiti 70 30 45 15 0 10
Jamaica 650 350 295 160 115 45
Mexico 1,275 615 660 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,605 1,340 1,265 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 675 330 345 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 2,410 1,075 1,335 1,855 875 975
Europe 12,105 6,430 5,675 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 890 465 420 790 415 370
Germany 435 255 180 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,085 710 380 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 70 35 35 200 110