Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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Characteristic Toronto Central,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Toronto Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,232,258 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,149,993 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 611,053 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 568,161 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,412.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 192.16 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,232,260 598,175 634,090 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 166,620 85,165 81,450 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 60,165 30,840 29,325 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 56,010 28,620 27,395 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 50,445 25,710 24,735 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 892,975 438,260 454,715 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 54,620 27,465 27,150 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 86,005 41,555 44,455 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 124,690 60,160 64,530 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 122,600 60,370 62,230 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 101,030 50,130 50,900 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 87,755 43,235 44,520 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 85,760 42,495 43,260 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 87,050 43,615 43,435 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 77,600 38,115 39,485 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 65,875 31,130 34,745 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 172,670 74,750 97,920 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 55,450 25,910 29,535 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 39,335 17,965 21,370 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 29,695 12,785 16,905 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 22,655 9,445 13,215 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 25,540 8,645 16,895 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 15,340 5,785 9,555 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 7,840 2,295 5,540 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,045 510 1,530 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 310 50 265 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 72.5 73.3 71.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.0 12.5 15.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.0 39.1 40.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 37.9 37.3 38.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 568,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 98,140 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 264,960 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 205,020 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 41,225 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 20,725 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 20,310 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 120,770 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,995 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 568,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 227,000 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 177,805 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 74,005 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 58,520 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,830 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,209,845 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,065,645 513,010 552,630 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 521,420 263,760 257,660 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 410,385 205,870 204,515 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 111,035 57,890 53,150 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 544,220 249,250 294,970 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 395,190 200,800 194,390 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 29,790 12,750 17,035 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 71,405 26,590 44,810 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 47,845 9,110 38,735 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 307,175 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 163,310 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 67,695 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 55,715 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,455 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 307,175 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 251,385 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 195,895 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 55,490 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 55,795 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 46,635 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 9,160 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 251,380 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 127,145 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 124,240 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 53,035 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 51,985 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 19,215 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 55,790 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 36,165 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 14,660 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,965 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 348,000 164,055 183,945 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 568,165 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 292,030 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 121,390 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 170,640 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,370 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 268,760 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 227,000 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 41,760 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,018,150 504,180 513,970 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,115 475 640 1,810 820 985
English and French 156,260 69,375 86,885 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 42,150 16,910 25,245 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,141,605 557,855 583,745 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 24,400 11,820 12,580 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 10,065 4,620 5,440 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 41,610 16,640 24,965 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,435 14,130 15,305 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,177,705 571,960 605,750 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 756,345 377,570 378,775 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 733,760 366,560 367,195 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 22,585 11,005 11,580 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 421,360 194,390 226,975 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 275 120 155 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 215 100 120 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 30 40 840 375 465
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 35 10 25 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 65 70 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 120 65 60 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 15 5 15 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 5 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 421,085 194,270 226,815 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,345 11,885 11,460 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 65 35 30 115 75 45
Kabyle 30 15 15 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 3,150 1,410 1,740 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 450 225 230 205 115 95
Somali 2,665 1,165 1,500 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 20 10 15
Semitic languages 20,065 10,410 9,655 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 3,730 1,635 2,095 1,370 670 700
Arabic 10,160 5,730 4,435 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 140 55 85 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 440 245 200
Harari 315 155 160 20 5 15
Hebrew 2,415 1,305 1,115 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 810 420 390 215 100 115
Tigrigna 2,370 1,045 1,320 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 55 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,505 4,265 5,245 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 305 120 190 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 9,195 4,145 5,050 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 29,565 10,675 18,890 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 95 40 55 375 165 215
Cebuano 990 360 630 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 15 10 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 510 195 315 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 2,000 680 1,320 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 15 5 10 20 10 15
Malay 765 345 425 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 85 120 700 320 380
Pangasinan 95 40 60 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,580 8,805 15,775 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 75 20 55 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 100 130 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 620 270 350 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 25 20 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 320 130 185 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 275 125 150 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 8,130 4,200 3,925 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 305 155 155 280 150 135
Malayalam 715 405 310 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5,790 2,895 2,890 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 1,275 725 550 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 246,395 117,240 129,155 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 3,605 1,795 1,810 1,465 765 705
Armenian 1,135 530 610 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 56,405 24,490 31,910 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 2,105 790 1,310 1,070 485 585
Latvian 935 365 575 565 255 300
Lithuanian 1,165 425 735 505 225 280
Slavic languages 54,300 23,700 30,600 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 95 45 50 95 45 50
Bosnian 465 210 250 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 2,165 990 1,170 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,690 1,210 1,475 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 1,505 715 790 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,870 850 1,015 325 160 165
Polish 13,575 5,750 7,820 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 13,805 5,770 8,030 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 6,770 3,210 3,560 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 800 350 445 1,395 670 725
Slovak 2,090 990 1,100 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 730 300 425 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 7,610 3,230 4,380 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 345 175 170
Celtic languages 205 90 115 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 240 130 110
Welsh 65 25 45 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 95 50 45
Germanic languages 12,665 5,950 6,720 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 265 150 115 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 435 190 245 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,940 975 965 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 25 15 5 295 145 145
German 7,925 3,630 4,290 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 50 25 25 275 135 145
Norwegian 165 75 85 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 505 230 275 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 35 45 445 220 225
Yiddish 1,260 615 650 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 65 45 25
Greek 14,085 6,795 7,290 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 60,615 31,045 29,570 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 44,015 22,535 21,485 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 12,615 6,420 6,200 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 5,105 2,515 2,585 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 5,455 2,925 2,530 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 20 15 10 65 35 25
Konkani 185 85 105 255 130 125
Marathi 640 350 285 620 325 295
Nepali 1,310 675 645 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 150 80 65 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,445 1,725 1,720 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,165 505 655 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 580 285 290 1,675 845 830
Urdu 13,345 6,945 6,395 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 16,235 8,315 7,915 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 400 245 155 1,765 945 825
Pashto 2,100 1,120 980 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 13,735 6,955 6,780 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 370 200 170 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 97,680 46,550 51,130 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 105 60 45 160 85 75
Italian 19,675 9,155 10,525 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 41,440 19,905 21,530 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 4,500 1,990 2,510 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 31,910 15,420 16,495 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 105 65 40
Japanese 4,260 1,395 2,870 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 150 70 75 85 50 35
Georgian 145 70 70 85 50 40
Korean 10,540 4,450 6,085 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 150 75 75 360 150 205
Mongolian 150 70 80 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 3,405 1,630 1,775 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 500 250 250 495 275 220
Bamanankan 35 15 15 10 5 5
Edo 65 25 45 85 50 35
Ewe 35 20 15 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 45 25 20
Ga 40 20 20 45 20 25
Ganda 145 70 75 90 45 45
Igbo 145 80 60 245 145 105
Lingala 110 50 60 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 70 85 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 165 75 90 155 70 80
Shona 150 70 80 215 100 115
Swahili 875 420 455 805 400 405
Wolof 40 25 20 50 25 25
Yoruba 265 145 120 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 625 270 355 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 65 50 340 175 165
Dinka 10 5 10 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 240 115 125
Sign languages 260 140 115 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 110 60 45 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 145 85 65 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 71,815 31,920 39,890 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 67,605 29,860 37,745 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 32,510 14,580 17,930 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 530 210 315 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 29,295 12,720 16,580 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 145 70 70 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,835 820 1,020 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 685 290 395 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,585 1,160 1,430 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,210 2,065 2,145 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 290 130 160 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 40 20 20 815 395 425
Tibetan 3,755 1,855 1,905 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 795 290 510 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 200 100 105 1,100 550 550
Thai 590 190 395 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 4,315 2,320 1,990 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 230 140 95 530 290 235
Turkish 3,720 2,010 1,715 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 80 40 40 170 85 85
Uzbek 180 95 85 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 100 40 55 190 80 110
Uralic languages 7,525 3,255 4,270 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 1,095 440 660 705 295 410
Finnish 700 265 435 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 5,730 2,555 3,175 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 115 90 500 280 225
Multiple responses 39,965 18,980 20,985 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 4,480 2,090 2,395 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 32,915 15,685 17,230 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,495 705 785 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,075 500 580 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,217,675 590,935 626,735 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,137,630 553,545 584,085 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 921,125 453,525 467,600 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 910,820 448,705 462,115 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 10,305 4,820 5,485 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 216,500 100,015 116,490 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 40 25 20 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 216,430 99,975 116,455 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,390 5,415 5,975 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 25 15 10 45 25 20
Kabyle 10 10 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 1,725 730 995 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 240 110 125 90 50 45
Somali 1,460 610 850 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 15 5 10
Semitic languages 9,625 4,670 4,955 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 2,025 855 1,165 600 275 320
Arabic 5,000 2,610 2,395 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 10 30 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 190 90 105 10 5 5
Hebrew 750 380 365 900 465 440
Maltese 250 115 135 15 5 10
Tigrigna 1,330 580 745 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,950 2,665 3,290 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 45 85 800 375 420
Vietnamese 5,820 2,620 3,200 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 13,210 5,195 8,015 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 20 10 10 75 30 35
Cebuano 345 145 205 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 195 80 115 415 175 240
Ilocano 700 280 425 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 180 90 90 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 25 30 150 70 80
Pangasinan 25 10 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,610 4,520 7,085 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 30 310 150 160
Creole languages 225 85 135 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 20 5 10 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 125 45 80 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 4,875 2,465 2,405 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 110 60 50 110 55 60
Malayalam 280 155 125 1,225 615 605
Tamil 3,810 1,880 1,930 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 650 365 285 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 120,515 56,835 63,680 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 1,715 870 845 695 335 360
Armenian 400 175 230 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 24,905 11,110 13,795 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 605 230 385 210 90 115
Latvian 240 90 150 80 30 50
Lithuanian 370 135 230 125 60 65
Slavic languages 24,300 10,885 13,415 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 35 15 20 15 5 5
Bosnian 170 80 90 595 300 300
Bulgarian 1,105 520 585 1,035 485 550
Croatian 835 385 450 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 375 185 190 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 710 320 390 150 75 75
Polish 5,080 2,180 2,905 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 7,160 3,130 4,030 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,800 1,800 2,000 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 260 120 140 500 235 265
Slovak 1,260 630 625 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 55 90 145 65 85
Ukrainian 3,335 1,445 1,885 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages 35 20 15 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 35 20 10
Welsh 5 5 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,765 835 930 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 65 30 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 65 30 30 305 145 160
Dutch 215 105 105 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,060 490 570 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 15 5 10 75 35 35
Norwegian 20 10 10 140 60 80
Swedish 100 40 60 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 210 105 100 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 5
Greek 6,735 3,140 3,590 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 34,875 17,405 17,465 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 25,050 12,585 12,460 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 8,480 4,230 4,255 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 2,700 1,265 1,435 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 2,325 1,245 1,080 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 5 10 5 5
Konkani 25 10 10 40 25 25
Marathi 255 135 120 270 140 130
Nepali 850 430 415 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 80 40 40 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,350 690 660 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 545 235 310 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 95 105 675 330 340
Urdu 8,230 4,210 4,020 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 9,680 4,740 4,935 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 170 90 80 1,080 540 535
Pashto 1,550 790 755 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 7,960 3,860 4,100 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 50,090 23,280 26,815 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 55 25 30 65 35 35
Italian 7,515 3,055 4,455 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 24,440 11,705 12,735 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,715 775 940 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 16,355 7,710 8,645 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 1,895 770 1,125 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 75 35 40 30 15 10
Georgian 75 40 35 30 15 15
Korean 6,150 2,665 3,485 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 95 50 45 170 80 90
Mongolian 95 45 45 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,225 545 680 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 200 85 110 150 80 65
Bamanankan 10 5 5 5 5 5
Edo 15 5 5 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 15 20 5 10
Ga 15 5 10 5 5 0
Ganda 45 20 30 10 5 5
Igbo 40 30 20 40 20 15
Lingala 45 15 25 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 25 30 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 20 60 25 35
Shona 40 15 20 65 25 40
Swahili 375 155 220 200 90 115
Wolof 25 15 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 90 40 50 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 5 140 60 75
Dinka 10 5 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 385 220 160 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 155 80 70 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 140 90 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 44,960 20,420 24,535 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 41,810 18,870 22,940 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 18,960 8,510 10,450 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 160 70 90 700 295 410
Mandarin 20,075 9,110 10,965 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 60 30 30 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 770 345 425 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 185 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,430 645 785 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 3,150 1,550 1,600 1,745 885 865
Burmese 175 80 95 720 375 350
Karenic languages 30 20 15 725 355 370
Tibetan 2,890 1,430 1,465 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 255 115 140 1,380 595 785
Lao 40 20 20 460 225 235
Thai 210 95 115 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 2,325 1,180 1,145 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 80 40 40 195 105 95
Turkish 2,085 1,065 1,020 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 35 20 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 80 45 40 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 40 20 25
Uralic languages 2,805 1,250 1,555 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 275 95 175 95 40 55
Finnish 100 40 55 725 325 400
Hungarian 2,430 1,105 1,330 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 55 35 145 70 75
Multiple responses 80,040 37,395 42,650 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,490 1,640 1,850 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 74,335 34,730 39,605 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 530 250 285 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 1,690 780 910 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,217,670 590,935 626,735 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 968,225 473,585 494,640 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 86,645 41,365 45,280 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 18,265 8,435 9,830 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 139,220 65,065 74,160 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 280 120 160 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 138,940 64,945 74,000 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 695 345 350 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 2,105 990 1,110 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 2,465 1,135 1,335 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 55 25 30 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,044,055 502,295 541,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,550 484,005 520,545 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,146 40,029 32,995 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,004,700 484,055 520,645 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,822 35,823 30,320 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 889,910 433,945 455,965 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,973 43,593 34,940 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 692,810 310,955 381,855 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,606 837 2,801 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 761,895 381,225 380,675 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,692 43,848 35,919 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,043,920 502,145 541,775 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,004,425 483,755 520,665 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,807 84,227 52,551 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,004,590 483,820 520,770 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,519 61,725 42,037 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 889,945 434,050 455,895 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 71,750 90,003 54,372 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 692,610 310,440 382,170 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,141 5,410 6,734 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 761,765 381,310 380,455 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,401 84,387 52,378 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,043,920 502,145 541,775 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 370,300 199,255 171,050 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,046 67,137 58,786 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 95,850 112,927 75,958 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.7 95.7 90.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 78.8 72.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.3 4.3 9.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,044,060 502,295 541,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 39,505 18,285 21,220 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,004,550 484,010 520,545 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 96.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,765 73,990 82,775 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 167,425 73,490 93,935 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 119,840 52,375 67,465 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 92,200 41,980 50,220 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 81,645 37,475 44,170 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 67,515 31,485 36,035 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 57,485 27,845 29,640 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 47,720 23,750 23,970 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 38,890 19,815 19,080 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 32,865 16,490 16,370 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 142,205 85,320 56,885 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 74,500 41,185 33,315 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 67,705 44,135 23,570 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,044,055 502,290 541,765 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 39,355 18,240 21,120 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,004,700 484,055 520,645 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 160,070 75,320 84,745 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 173,985 76,645 97,345 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 136,470 60,230 76,240 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 110,935 50,865 60,070 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 97,060 44,930 52,130 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 77,140 37,335 39,805 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 60,790 30,665 30,130 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 47,740 24,380 23,360 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 140,505 83,685 56,820 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 33,845 17,555 16,290 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 21,605 12,085 9,520 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 85,055 54,040 31,010 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,044,055 502,290 541,765 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 282,160 121,070 161,090 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 761,900 381,225 380,675 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.0 75.9 70.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 88,010 41,235 46,770 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 56,375 26,180 30,200 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 95,425 44,300 51,120 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 75,825 34,980 40,845 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 67,515 31,755 35,755 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 63,630 29,780 33,845 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 54,040 26,310 27,735 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 46,610 23,200 23,410 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 39,355 20,310 19,040 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 175,120 103,170 71,945 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 32,325 16,960 15,365 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 28,810 14,600 14,210 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 113,990 71,615 42,375 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 568,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,148 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,244 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 227,000 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,099 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,528 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 341,160 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,945 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,492 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 568,165 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,872 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,093 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 227,080 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,368 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,131 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 341,080 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,822 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,695 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 568,160 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 18,880 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,665 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 21,460 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 29,055 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,070 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,140 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,815 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,855 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,520 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,830 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,085 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,080 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,405 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,035 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,080 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 190,200 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 49,120 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,870 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 41,565 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 65,645 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 568,160 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 19,840 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,765 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 21,775 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 30,235 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 26,580 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 24,740 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,290 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,400 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 26,600 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 25,255 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 47,065 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,730 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 36,255 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 30,470 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,880 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 147,285 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 45,970 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,250 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 71,060 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 308,575 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,683 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,386 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 119,540 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,103 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,092 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,535 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,805 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,658 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,420 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,658 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,893 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 308,375 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 166,144 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,188 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 119,380 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 158,300 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,029 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,910 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 215,151 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,176 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 51,975 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,929 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,163 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 317,395 151,830 165,565 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,529 34,441 34,598 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,405 31,214 31,545 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 316,935 151,200 165,735 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,235 56,198 50,531 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,466 43,987 41,078 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,209,845 587,065 622,780 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 577,995 273,950 304,045 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 181,130 88,275 92,850 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 123,360 56,395 66,965 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 98,290 45,975 52,310 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 88,980 42,145 46,840 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 86,240 41,155 45,080 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 631,850 313,115 318,735 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 87,095 41,560 45,530 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 90,470 43,925 46,550 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 100,785 49,365 51,420 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 123,215 60,990 62,225 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 230,285 117,275 113,010 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,209,845 587,065 622,780 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 195,920 100,220 95,700 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 71,245 36,470 34,775 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 852,340 415,785 436,550 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 161,590 71,055 90,530 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 230,450 109,410 121,035 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 42,945 22,100 20,845 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 14,900 7,620 7,275 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 157,485 75,470 82,015 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 30,020 11,845 18,170 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.0 18.6 19.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 22.1 21.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.9 20.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 18.5 18.2 18.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 18.6 16.7 20.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 209,785 101,235 108,545 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 34,250 17,605 16,640 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 11,960 6,105 5,855 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 153,660 75,125 78,530 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 21,870 8,500 13,370 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.3 17.2 17.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 16.7 16.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 13.5 12.0 14.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,209,730 586,935 622,795 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,167,755 570,025 597,730 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,166,705 569,630 597,070 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 156,405 68,760 87,640 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 540,935 252,950 287,985 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 545 250 290 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 465 225 235 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 85 65 25 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 10 0 10
Plains Cree 20 20 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 10 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 40 30 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 375 170 210 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 350 155 190 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 15 10 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 35 10 25 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 10 25 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 10 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 10 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 540,425 252,720 287,705 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 38,200 19,510 18,695 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 85 50 35 145 95 45
Kabyle 25 10 15 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 4,240 1,865 2,375 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 15 0 10 20 10 15
Oromo 580 250 335 245 140 110
Somali 3,635 1,610 2,030 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 10 0 10
Semitic languages 34,365 17,840 16,530 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 5,445 2,450 2,995 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 15,100 8,395 6,705 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 70 65 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 570 285 285
Harari 350 190 165 55 35 20
Hebrew 10,720 5,470 5,250 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 1,105 565 535 315 155 155
Tigrigna 2,970 1,360 1,610 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 105 70 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 30 50 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,955 5,425 6,530 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 160 270 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 11,575 5,295 6,280 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 37,950 13,955 24,000 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 115 45 65 530 215 310
Cebuano 1,375 550 825 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 475 190 295 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 2,570 970 1,595 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 45 15 35 25 15 10
Malay 1,485 625 860 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 245 110 130 855 365 495
Pangasinan 65 35 30 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,510 12,960 22,545 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 55 0 50 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 310 140 170 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 2,215 895 1,325 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 155 70 85 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 1,060 380 675 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,030 455 575 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 11,670 6,075 5,595 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 670 370 305 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,190 645 545 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 8,205 4,095 4,110 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 2,110 1,245 865 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 332,190 159,310 172,875 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 4,175 2,120 2,055 1,640 840 795
Armenian 1,395 645 750 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 64,285 28,650 35,635 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 2,330 920 1,410 1,030 515 520
Latvian 930 395 530 555 290 265
Lithuanian 1,400 520 880 475 220 250
Slavic languages 62,335 27,845 34,490 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 200 105 100 245 115 125
Bosnian 910 410 500 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 2,430 1,110 1,325 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,875 1,885 1,985 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 2,000 975 1,030 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 2,485 1,090 1,395 400 220 185
Polish 16,345 6,965 9,380 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 20,075 8,840 11,235 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 8,550 4,130 4,415 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 1,015 485 535 1,525 770 750
Slovak 2,250 1,060 1,190 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 790 365 430 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 10,245 4,345 5,895 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 110 60 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,095 575 525 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 260 135 125 660 395 265
Welsh 125 55 70 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 715 385 330 860 450 410
Germanic languages 26,505 13,130 13,375 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,005 535 465 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 805 390 420 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,940 1,455 1,485 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 30 15 10 465 230 240
German 18,355 8,955 9,400 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 90 40 50 405 210 195
Norwegian 345 180 165 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 1,215 595 615 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 50 545 270 275
Yiddish 2,795 1,500 1,295 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 155 95 60
Greek 19,950 9,875 10,080 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 80,760 41,325 39,430 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 62,900 32,035 30,865 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 15,620 8,080 7,545 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 7,880 3,825 4,055 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 19,905 10,375 9,530 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 30 20 10 60 30 25
Konkani 350 165 185 415 215 200
Marathi 1,120 540 580 1,475 780 695
Nepali 2,230 1,085 1,140 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 260 130 130 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,055 3,695 3,355 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 1,880 865 1,015 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 980 445 535 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 21,190 10,990 10,195 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 18,805 9,675 9,130 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 425 290 140 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 2,995 1,625 1,370 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 16,255 8,305 7,950 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 630 365 265 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 145,875 68,475 77,405 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 165 85 85 395 210 180
Italian 33,845 15,780 18,065 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 52,400 25,325 27,080 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 5,390 2,280 3,115 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 62,685 29,165 33,525 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 210 125 85 380 245 140
Japanese 7,130 2,995 4,130 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 145 80 70 115 55 60
Georgian 150 75 70 115 55 55
Korean 11,850 5,035 6,820 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 220 100 115 370 170 200
Mongolian 220 100 120 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 7,375 3,415 3,960 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 895 405 485 630 350 280
Bamanankan 45 35 10 30 20 15
Edo 100 45 60 145 80 60
Ewe 75 55 20 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 75 105 30 70
Ga 65 30 40 150 95 50
Ganda 255 110 150 165 80 85
Igbo 295 145 150 425 240 185
Lingala 600 250 345 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 220 115 105 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 280 125 150 290 125 165
Shona 350 160 190 415 220 195
Swahili 2,435 1,115 1,325 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 135 45 85 50 25 30
Yoruba 750 390 355 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,520 685 835 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 140 80 60 405 210 200
Dinka 15 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 70 50 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,700 730 965 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 1,200 455 745 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 515 290 225 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,425 37,790 44,630 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 77,720 35,460 42,265 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 41,040 18,655 22,385 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 630 240 390 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 40,325 18,165 22,155 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 115 60 55 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,175 875 1,300 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 875 345 530 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,685 1,270 1,420 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,880 2,435 2,450 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 515 245 270 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 45 25 25 955 485 465
Tibetan 4,225 2,095 2,130 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 105 55 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,175 470 710 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 295 125 165 1,630 735 890
Thai 895 345 550 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 6,175 3,415 2,760 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 410 210 205 945 510 435
Turkish 5,420 3,030 2,390 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 105 45 60 115 60 55
Uzbek 220 135 90 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 275 140 130
Uralic languages 8,555 3,775 4,785 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 1,135 505 630 780 350 425
Finnish 810 335 470 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 6,655 2,945 3,710 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 445 265 180 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,209,725 586,930 622,800 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,058,455 514,385 544,075 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 180,885 92,590 88,290 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 877,575 421,795 455,785 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 151,270 72,545 78,725 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,209,730 586,930 622,800 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 724,375 360,815 363,565 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 440,905 204,210 236,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 122,520 56,065 66,455 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 62,165 29,460 32,705 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 87,505 39,240 48,270 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 102,660 47,465 55,195 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 48,830 22,410 26,420 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 53,830 25,055 28,775 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 66,050 31,980 34,065 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 44,450 21,910 22,540 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 440,905 204,210 236,690 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 41,060 19,815 21,245 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 78,405 38,925 39,490 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 91,960 40,760 51,200 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 192,490 89,135 103,355 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 36,990 15,585 21,405 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 440,905 204,205 236,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 74,630 33,990 40,640 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 4,340 2,105 2,235 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,455 1,590 1,860 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 2,190 1,140 1,050 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 5,730 2,330 3,400 1,305 600 710
Haiti 305 140 160 570 250 315
Jamaica 10,340 4,500 5,840 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 4,165 2,000 2,165 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 2,025 900 1,130 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 6,345 2,680 3,665 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 16,240 7,535 8,705 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 19,490 9,075 10,420 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 146,275 68,635 77,640 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,430 1,120 1,310 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,150 1,030 1,120 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 3,110 1,485 1,625 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 5,570 2,625 2,950 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 9,045 4,340 4,705 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 3,695 1,685 2,010 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,260 1,770 1,485 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 12,815 6,100 6,715 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,510 795 715 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 10,950 4,675 6,275 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 27,305 13,045 14,255 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 4,810 2,020 2,785 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 6,720 2,740 3,980 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 4,220 2,040 2,180 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 6,400 2,800 3,600 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 24,005 11,940 12,065 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 18,280 8,430 9,850 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 29,410 13,920 15,490 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 455 260 190 485 310 175
Egypt 2,295 1,320 980 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 4,910 2,150 2,760 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,750 730 1,025 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 895 450 445 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,570 780 795 1,740 925 815
Somalia 2,260 980 1,280 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 3,370 1,695 1,675 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 11,905 5,555 6,345 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 188,160 86,365 101,795 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 4,025 2,020 2,005 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10,880 5,545 5,335 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,180 14,915 19,265 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,535 3,770 4,760 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 19,505 10,120 9,390 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 9,960 5,090 4,875 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 970 510 460 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 2,315 695 1,620 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,225 3,420 4,805 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,575 985 590 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 12,840 6,595 6,245 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 34,510 13,145 21,360 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 5,150 2,505 2,645 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,050 570 480 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 2,530 1,070 1,460 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 11,215 4,995 6,220 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 20,690 10,410 10,280 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 2,430 1,295 1,135 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 66,050 31,985 34,065 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 9,785 4,765 5,015 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 1,165 570 590 1,145 525 615
Colombia 615 300 320 580 250 325
Cuba 300 140 160 140 60 80
Haiti 70 30 45 35 35 10
Jamaica 650 350 295 625 355 265
Mexico 1,275 615 660 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,605 1,340 1,265 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 675 330 345 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,410 1,075 1,335 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 12,105 6,430 5,675 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 890 465 420 970 510 460
Germany 435 255 180 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,085 710 380 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 70 35 35 245 120 125
Romania 320 145 175 690