Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Central,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,813,058 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,703,285 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 652,516 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 626,217 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 663.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,730.89 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,813,050 873,975 939,075 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 303,495 155,865 147,630 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 93,385 47,690 45,690 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 104,175 53,695 50,475 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 105,940 54,475 51,460 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 1,230,735 593,545 637,185 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 116,080 59,720 56,360 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 122,240 62,930 59,310 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 115,995 57,835 58,165 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 113,995 54,405 59,590 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 116,435 53,245 63,190 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 127,925 58,995 68,925 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 139,955 65,485 74,470 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 145,295 70,115 75,180 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 128,400 61,440 66,955 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 104,410 49,375 55,035 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 278,815 124,565 154,255 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 90,100 42,400 47,700 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 62,225 28,810 33,420 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 50,495 22,770 27,725 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 37,745 16,595 21,155 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 38,255 13,995 24,255 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 24,180 9,550 14,630 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 11,045 3,605 7,445 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,600 760 1,840 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 420 85 340 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.8 15.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 67.9 67.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.3 16.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.3 39.2 41.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.7 39.3 41.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 626,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 304,105 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 155,935 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 166,030 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 41,150 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 60,385 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 23,410 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,520 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 570 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 150 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 626,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 123,195 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 175,060 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 121,685 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 124,430 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,845 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,796,680 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,509,550 718,105 791,440 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 876,345 435,905 440,440 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 806,815 401,165 405,650 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 69,525 34,735 34,795 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 633,205 282,210 351,000 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 436,975 226,115 210,860 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 37,565 14,210 23,355 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 80,640 28,095 52,540 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 78,025 13,785 64,245 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 513,250 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 208,385 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 131,220 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 128,265 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 45,385 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 513,250 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 423,980 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 389,245 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 34,730 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 89,270 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 73,980 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 15,290 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 423,980 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 155,610 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 268,370 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 104,670 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 120,760 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 42,940 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 89,270 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 52,770 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 26,555 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 9,945 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 233,840 99,245 134,600 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 626,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 452,695 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 131,305 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 321,395 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,295 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 144,225 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 123,195 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 21,030 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,800,895 869,790 931,110 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,584,905 779,855 805,050 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,140 480 660 1,110 530 580
English and French 117,950 50,295 67,655 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 96,900 39,160 57,735 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,800,900 869,785 931,110 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,671,240 816,000 855,245 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 16,390 7,410 8,980 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 17,655 7,835 9,820 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 95,610 38,545 57,060 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,220 11,325 13,895 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,800,900 869,785 931,110 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,732,495 837,085 895,410 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 849,045 421,850 427,200 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 834,520 415,265 419,255 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 14,530 6,585 7,945 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 883,445 415,235 468,215 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 135 55 80 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 90 35 50 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 25 40 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 15 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 883,310 415,180 468,135 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 38,720 19,285 19,440 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 50 35 15 95 55 35
Kabyle 25 15 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 3,980 1,690 2,290 1,355 675 680
Bilen 65 35 25 5 0 0
Oromo 230 110 125 165 95 75
Somali 3,675 1,540 2,140 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 34,620 17,515 17,100 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 945 435 510 1,140 560 585
Arabic 19,815 9,980 9,830 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,515 1,720 1,795 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 770 390 380 440 240 195
Harari 140 65 75 25 10 15
Hebrew 7,705 4,095 3,615 1,770 960 805
Maltese 550 265 290 80 40 40
Tigrigna 910 440 470 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 270 130 140 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 20,930 9,525 11,405 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,260 1,055 1,205 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 18,660 8,470 10,190 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 48,715 18,475 30,240 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 135 60 75 310 140 170
Cebuano 1,630 615 1,010 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 15 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 850 310 540 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 3,985 1,605 2,375 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 0 15 0 10
Malay 1,390 625 770 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 285 120 165 635 290 345
Pangasinan 130 50 80 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,805 14,905 24,900 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 100 30 70 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 400 150 245 830 360 470
Creole languages 1,300 600 700 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 760 350 410 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 525 240 280 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 32,065 15,745 16,320 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 385 210 175 225 115 110
Malayalam 2,250 1,160 1,085 1,750 905 845
Tamil 27,640 13,390 14,250 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 1,760 975 790 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 408,835 195,915 212,920 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 3,760 1,880 1,885 1,090 560 530
Armenian 6,545 3,180 3,365 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 86,795 40,085 46,715 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 1,265 525 740 645 280 370
Latvian 630 260 370 320 145 175
Lithuanian 635 270 365 325 130 200
Slavic languages 85,530 39,555 45,980 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 185 90 90 60 30 30
Bosnian 315 145 170 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 1,955 945 1,005 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,075 950 1,125 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,070 480 585 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 3,645 1,740 1,905 250 120 135
Polish 8,440 3,780 4,665 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 56,495 26,225 30,270 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 3,950 1,985 1,965 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 445 220 230 1,145 545 600
Slovak 945 410 530 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 710 315 395 545 250 290
Ukrainian 5,170 2,200 2,970 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 70 180 90 90
Celtic languages 80 40 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 15 125 65 60
Welsh 35 15 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 13,445 6,010 7,430 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 240 100 135 1,435 730 705
Danish 425 195 230 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,355 1,110 1,245 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 15 15 80 30 50
German 7,940 3,500 4,440 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 75 40 45 835 410 430
Swedish 240 90 145 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 30 200 105 95
Yiddish 2,050 915 1,135 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 12,840 6,190 6,645 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 132,055 65,685 66,370 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 64,865 32,185 32,680 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 4,440 2,250 2,190 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 13,205 6,510 6,690 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 8,405 4,180 4,220 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 60 35 30 40 25 15
Konkani 330 155 175 225 110 110
Marathi 870 430 435 535 280 255
Nepali 385 180 205 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 110 60 50 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,405 6,270 6,130 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 1,890 885 1,010 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,660 800 860 1,455 730 725
Urdu 21,110 10,430 10,680 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 66,675 33,215 33,460 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,565 840 730 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,100 570 535 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 64,005 31,810 32,195 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 515 285 230 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 153,310 72,840 80,470 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 35 15 20 125 65 55
Italian 77,645 36,930 40,710 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 21,640 10,455 11,185 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 12,020 5,645 6,370 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 41,885 19,750 22,135 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 60 40 25
Japanese 2,920 1,075 1,845 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 830 460 370 65 40 25
Georgian 830 455 370 65 40 25
Korean 31,485 14,765 16,720 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 120 55 70 340 145 200
Mongolian 120 55 65 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 6,610 3,015 3,595 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 2,410 1,030 1,380 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 5 10 10 5
Edo 370 135 235 80 45 30
Ewe 105 50 60 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 20 10 5
Ga 80 35 45 35 15 15
Ganda 140 65 75 65 35 30
Igbo 430 220 215 160 90 65
Lingala 45 20 25 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 35 25 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 40 105 45 55
Shona 155 65 90 150 70 85
Swahili 905 425 480 585 285 295
Wolof 45 20 15 30 10 20
Yoruba 900 460 440 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 800 365 435 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 35 265 135 135
Dinka 15 10 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 190 85 100
Sign languages 280 160 120 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 35 30 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 125 85 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 271,605 127,125 144,480 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 270,895 126,780 144,115 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 135,735 63,780 71,955 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 3,460 1,585 1,875 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 118,370 55,325 63,045 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 305 145 165 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,650 2,625 3,030 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,655 1,205 1,455 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,615 2,070 2,545 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 715 345 365 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 285 130 155 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 180 85 95 770 370 400
Tibetan 185 95 90 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,715 730 980 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,230 590 635 800 405 400
Thai 470 140 340 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 7,905 4,055 3,845 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 1,210 640 570 495 275 225
Turkish 6,130 3,155 2,985 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 70 35 40 165 80 85
Uzbek 275 135 135 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 165 70 95
Uralic languages 8,910 4,010 4,900 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 770 305 465 455 195 260
Finnish 995 405 585 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 7,140 3,295 3,845 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 140 140 365 200 170
Multiple responses 68,405 32,705 35,700 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,575 1,645 1,930 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 61,230 29,420 31,805 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 1,685 770 915 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,915 870 1,045 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,800,900 869,790 931,115 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,629,215 788,290 840,925 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,092,735 536,875 555,865 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,086,665 534,125 552,540 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,075 2,750 3,325 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 536,475 251,415 285,060 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 536,440 251,400 285,040 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,085 9,620 10,460 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 2,495 1,060 1,435 695 315 380
Bilen 35 20 20 0 0 0
Oromo 120 55 70 80 40 35
Somali 2,330 985 1,345 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 17,530 8,535 9,000 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 425 195 230 535 250 290
Arabic 9,985 4,815 5,170 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,335 1,115 1,225 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 220 220 305 160 145
Harari 70 30 35 10 5 5
Hebrew 3,545 1,830 1,715 785 400 385
Maltese 95 40 50 5 5 0
Tigrigna 480 215 270 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 70 85 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,085 6,365 7,720 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,320 580 740 620 290 330
Vietnamese 12,760 5,780 6,975 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 23,320 9,700 13,620 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 30 10 15 70 30 35
Cebuano 630 255 375 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 285 115 165 355 150 205
Ilocano 1,545 675 870 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 5 5 5 5 0
Malay 505 245 255 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 40 55 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,035 8,265 11,770 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 30 10 20 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 260 130 130
Creole languages 635 290 345 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 420 185 230 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 20,610 9,880 10,730 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 130 60 65 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,030 535 495 885 450 435
Tamil 18,530 8,770 9,760 1,935 965 965
Telugu 925 515 410 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 214,035 100,920 113,120 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 1,735 860 875 530 255 270
Armenian 3,915 1,880 2,040 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 50,710 23,690 27,020 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 425 185 240 160 75 90
Latvian 200 85 115 65 30 35
Lithuanian 225 105 120 90 45 50
Slavic languages 50,285 23,505 26,780 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 70 35 35 10 5 5
Bosnian 140 65 80 540 270 270
Bulgarian 1,070 510 555 925 425 495
Croatian 610 280 330 1,795 840 955
Czech 295 135 155 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 1,250 570 680 120 60 60
Polish 3,210 1,480 1,725 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 38,565 18,075 20,490 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 2,140 1,050 1,085 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 190 90 100 435 205 235
Slovak 300 130 170 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 165 75 90 60 25 35
Ukrainian 2,250 990 1,265 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,385 620 760 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 55 20 30 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 15 180 90 90
Dutch 135 65 70 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 970 435 535 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 10 10 0 75 35 35
Swedish 45 20 30 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 140 70 70 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 4,630 2,150 2,485 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 82,855 40,320 42,540 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 35,685 17,340 18,345 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,650 1,320 1,330 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 7,285 3,490 3,800 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 4,055 1,995 2,065 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 15 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 70 35 35 40 15 15
Marathi 360 180 180 245 125 120
Nepali 220 110 115 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 45 25 20 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,040 3,480 3,570 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 685 310 375 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 360 395 595 290 305
Urdu 12,510 6,050 6,460 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 46,955 22,865 24,085 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 870 465 400 1,025 515 505
Pashto 580 285 295 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 45,500 22,115 23,390 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 68,790 31,390 37,395 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 20 15 10 60 30 35
Italian 28,130 12,125 16,010 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 9,845 4,810 5,035 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 6,240 2,880 3,355 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 24,530 11,555 12,970 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 10 5 10
Japanese 1,505 675 835 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 600 340 255 15 10 10
Georgian 600 345 255 15 10 10
Korean 23,295 11,015 12,275 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 65 35 35 160 80 85
Mongolian 70 35 30 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,645 1,135 1,510 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 1,270 510 760 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 110 35 75 15 5 5
Ewe 30 10 20 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 5 15 0 0 0
Ga 25 5 15 5 0 0
Ganda 35 15 25 5 5 5
Igbo 120 50 75 35 20 15
Lingala 10 10 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 45 15 30
Shona 50 20 30 40 15 20
Swahili 355 160 190 155 60 90
Wolof 20 10 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 290 155 135 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 105 135 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 450 260 185 830 460 370
American Sign Language 115 60 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 330 200 130 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 206,185 96,865 109,315 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 205,745 96,655 109,090 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 102,370 47,565 54,805 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 1,425 650 775 670 280 390
Mandarin 94,720 45,095 49,625 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 90 35 50 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,555 1,165 1,390 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,555 745 815 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,980 1,370 1,610 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 215 225 1,630 820 810
Burmese 150 70 75 685 350 335
Karenic languages 140 65 75 685 335 350
Tibetan 125 65 65 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 795 380 415 1,015 435 580
Lao 625 305 320 335 160 175
Thai 165 70 90 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 4,600 2,305 2,300 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 520 265 255 185 95 90
Turkish 3,830 1,905 1,925 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 40 15 20 100 50 50
Uzbek 140 75 60 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 40 15 25
Uralic languages 3,410 1,555 1,860 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 190 70 120 75 30 45
Finnish 240 95 140 435 190 240
Hungarian 2,985 1,385 1,595 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 110 50 60
Multiple responses 171,685 81,500 90,185 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 3,080 1,435 1,645 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 164,840 78,440 86,400 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 610 260 355 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 3,150 1,370 1,780 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,800,900 869,790 931,110 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,329,940 645,795 684,145 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 211,390 102,205 109,190 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 12,190 5,150 7,045 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 238,880 112,815 126,065 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 85 35 50 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 238,795 112,775 126,015 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 1,330 595 730 965 435 530
English and non-official language 4,640 2,195 2,450 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 2,445 1,000 1,440 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 85 35 50 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,493,490 712,570 780,915 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,416,575 675,230 741,345 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,542 35,844 26,893 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,416,820 675,300 741,520 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,295 32,590 25,279 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,253,955 611,705 642,250 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,053 37,213 26,281 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,026,600 446,620 579,985 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,161 1,032 3,652 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,037,875 522,045 515,825 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,800 39,154 29,545 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,493,515 712,525 780,990 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,416,355 675,160 741,200 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,434 56,258 39,397 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,416,580 675,210 741,370 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,647 44,575 33,247 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,253,480 611,915 641,565 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,402 58,003 39,245 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,027,260 447,350 579,910 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,340 5,565 6,937 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,037,950 522,500 515,455 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,836 57,316 40,241 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,493,520 712,525 780,990 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 492,370 272,960 219,415 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,279 61,573 51,061 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,192 79,491 60,868 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.3 93.4 86.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.5 79.0 70.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.7 6.6 13.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,493,485 712,570 780,920 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 76,915 37,340 39,575 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,416,570 675,230 741,340 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.8 94.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 262,455 117,165 145,290 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 256,520 107,075 149,440 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 180,470 76,580 103,890 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 138,950 61,410 77,540 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 120,755 55,170 65,580 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 95,470 46,260 49,210 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 75,885 39,270 36,615 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 60,300 33,000 27,300 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 49,445 28,110 21,335 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 43,585 23,385 20,195 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 132,740 87,795 44,950 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 85,705 54,070 31,635 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 47,045 33,730 13,315 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,493,490 712,570 780,915 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 76,665 37,270 39,395 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,416,820 675,295 741,520 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.8 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 267,115 118,745 148,375 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 266,415 111,655 154,760 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 204,785 87,565 117,220 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 164,580 74,060 90,515 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 138,440 65,895 72,550 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 102,720 52,900 49,825 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 77,240 43,085 34,155 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 61,845 34,335 27,505 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 133,675 87,060 46,610 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 42,155 24,495 17,660 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 25,145 16,070 9,075 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 66,375 46,500 19,880 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,493,485 712,570 780,915 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 455,615 190,525 265,085 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 1,037,875 522,045 515,830 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.5 73.3 66.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 131,925 61,110 70,815 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 89,040 40,055 48,990 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 146,040 67,695 78,345 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 112,310 50,040 62,270 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 100,145 45,650 54,500 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 90,505 42,345 48,160 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 73,600 37,030 36,570 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 59,630 31,785 27,845 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 48,545 27,540 21,010 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 186,130 118,805 67,325 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 41,440 24,175 17,270 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 38,935 20,770 18,165 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 105,750 73,855 31,895 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 626,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,224 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,573 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 123,190 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,221 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,568 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 503,025 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,156 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,408 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 626,190 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 107,290 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,427 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 123,225 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,797 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,176 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 502,965 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,885 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,514 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 626,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,310 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,460 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,990 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,925 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 21,200 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,825 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,260 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,310 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,680 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,230 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 42,725 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 39,910 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,445 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,770 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,620 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 246,555 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 67,600 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 50,775 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 62,940 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 65,235 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 626,215 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 15,240 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,570 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,210 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,670 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,125 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 24,785 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 26,030 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,725 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,215 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,480 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 50,790 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 46,765 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,970 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 39,940 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,075 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 196,630 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 69,500 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 46,755 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 80,375 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 491,580 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,440 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,737 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 127,335 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,542 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,736 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 268,685 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,605 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,783 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 78,700 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,293 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,291 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 491,490 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,642 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,134 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 127,265 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,626 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,054 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 268,705 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,725 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,594 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 78,290 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,843 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,134 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 179,230 80,900 98,330 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,130 32,017 28,881 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,870 29,276 27,017 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 178,520 80,400 98,120 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,194 46,839 42,027 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,489 37,996 35,254 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,796,685 868,275 928,405 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 849,470 399,865 449,605 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 201,555 95,870 105,685 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 176,880 80,505 96,375 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 162,435 75,965 86,475 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 153,955 73,165 80,790 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 154,645 74,360 80,280 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 947,210 468,410 478,805 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 159,825 77,740 82,085 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 167,865 82,050 85,815 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 183,000 90,340 92,660 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 205,620 102,165 103,460 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 230,900 116,115 114,780 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,796,420 868,155 928,265 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 371,425 190,860 180,565 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 113,190 57,900 55,290 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 1,158,775 556,340 602,435 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 266,220 120,960 145,265 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 282,960 132,315 150,645 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 71,260 36,965 34,300 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 22,340 11,610 10,730 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 174,765 80,520 94,240 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 36,935 14,825 22,105 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 15.2 16.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.2 19.4 19.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.7 20.1 19.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.5 15.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.9 12.3 15.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 224,640 105,990 118,655 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 53,810 27,930 25,875 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 16,815 8,750 8,070 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 148,180 69,440 78,740 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 22,660 8,625 14,035 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.2 12.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 15.1 14.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 12.5 13.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.5 7.1 9.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,796,700 868,350 928,355 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,700,140 829,580 870,560 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,698,965 829,055 869,905 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 118,690 50,275 68,420 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 1,066,325 503,280 563,040 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 210 75 135 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 190 70 120 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 20 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 65 100 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 155 60 100 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,066,125 503,215 562,915 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 67,860 33,795 34,065 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 50 25 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 5,695 2,510 3,185 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 45 30 15 15 0 15
Oromo 450 185 260 190 110 80
Somali 5,230 2,290 2,940 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 62,425 31,410 31,015 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,610 815 790 1,755 905 855
Arabic 30,465 15,340 15,125 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,255 2,025 2,230 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 690 370 330 545 270 275
Harari 140 70 65 55 35 20
Hebrew 26,260 13,325 12,930 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 725 360 370 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,210 575 630 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 325 135 190 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,380 12,985 15,395 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,285 1,495 1,790 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 25,300 11,595 13,705 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 62,725 23,760 38,970 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 175 80 95 495 205 285
Cebuano 2,330 880 1,450 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 15 10 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 855 330 530 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 5,160 2,070 3,090 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 30 20 0 10 0 0
Malay 2,065 950 1,115 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 435 205 230 775 350 430
Pangasinan 150 50 100 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,710 22,060 36,650 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 145 45 100 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 570 220 350 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 4,085 1,890 2,195 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 90 40 50 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 2,110 955 1,150 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,930 910 1,025 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 41,895 20,705 21,190 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 670 325 340 445 210 235
Malayalam 3,080 1,525 1,550 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 36,370 17,825 18,545 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 2,650 1,465 1,180 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 517,940 249,200 268,735 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 4,210 2,065 2,150 1,135 580 555
Armenian 7,735 3,715 4,020 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 99,725 46,570 53,150 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,675 715 965 635 310 325
Latvian 935 400 535 310 175 140
Lithuanian 745 310 435 325 135 185
Slavic languages 98,890 46,270 52,625 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 490 260 230 205 95 110
Bosnian 450 195 255 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 2,325 1,120 1,200 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,335 1,560 1,770 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,415 665 750 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 5,340 2,585 2,755 345 180 160
Polish 10,215 4,715 5,495 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 69,100 32,300 36,800 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 4,965 2,565 2,390 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 530 265 265 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,175 495 680 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 960 430 530 725 330 400
Ukrainian 9,500 4,200 5,300 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 80 55 250 120 125
Celtic languages 245 120 120 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 135 60 70 350 225 120
Welsh 55 30 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 685 370 320
Germanic languages 23,740 10,915 12,830 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,620 785 835 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 505 215 290 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,320 1,465 1,850 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 55 20 35 120 55 65
German 14,355 6,695 7,655 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 245 125 120 1,405 730 680
Swedish 575 230 345 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 30 40 220 125 100
Yiddish 3,645 1,675 1,970 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 75 40 30
Greek 19,395 9,415 9,985 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 168,465 83,825 84,640 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 92,090 46,115 45,970 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 5,885 2,935 2,950 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 18,690 9,115 9,570 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 32,555 16,475 16,080 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 75 40 35 45 25 20
Konkani 635 295 350 375 185 190
Marathi 1,625 865 755 1,275 650 625
Nepali 555 280 270 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 200 90 110 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,205 11,470 10,735 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 3,025 1,370 1,655 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,240 1,650 1,590 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 32,575 16,290 16,290 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 77,160 38,105 39,060 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 2,320 1,225 1,095 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,640 910 730 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 74,640 36,790 37,850 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 890 470 420 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 207,205 98,740 108,470 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 60 35 25 245 125 120
Italian 108,530 51,815 56,715 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 28,410 13,735 14,665 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 14,165 6,665 7,495 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 63,405 29,945 33,455 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 270 105 160 220 130 85
Japanese 5,585 2,435 3,150 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,100 565 535 90 50 40
Georgian 1,100 570 530 90 50 45
Korean 35,740 17,200 18,535 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 95 25 65 320 155 170
Mongolian 95 20 70 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 12,710 6,060 6,650 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 4,015 1,805 2,210 495 280 215
Bamanankan 60 35 25 20 10 10
Edo 635 245 395 115 65 55
Ewe 110 60 50 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 90 45 50 45 10 35
Ga 175 70 110 95 60 35
Ganda 155 95 60 105 60 45
Igbo 845 420 425 240 140 95
Lingala 260 115 145 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 65 50 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 55 210 95 115
Shona 285 115 175 265 125 140
Swahili 2,940 1,505 1,435 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 115 55 55 30 15 15
Yoruba 1,840 945 890 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,585 740 845 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 65 50 300 150 150
Dinka 30 25 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,410 585 825 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 740 275 460 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 680 310 375 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 305,515 143,780 161,735 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 304,815 143,480 161,330 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 168,995 79,105 89,885 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 3,990 1,780 2,210 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 165,165 76,730 88,435 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 205 70 135 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,690 3,005 3,690 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,630 1,755 1,875 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,895 2,205 2,685 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 355 455 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 380 155 225 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 185 85 100 905 455 450
Tibetan 145 60 85 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,990 830 1,160 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,395 645 750 1,125 505 620
Thai 715 250 470 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 10 10 0
Turkic languages 12,135 6,070 6,070 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,015 975 835 455 385
Turkish 9,790 4,865 4,930 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 70 25 50 105 50 55
Uzbek 385 215 170 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 225 125 105
Uralic languages 10,465 4,815 5,645 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 930 400 525 495 205 295
Finnish 1,180 495 690 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 8,375 3,920 4,455 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 595 295 295 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,796,695 868,350 928,355 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,562,930 760,220 802,710 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 342,255 175,825 166,435 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,220,675 584,395 636,275 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 233,770 108,125 125,640 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,796,700 868,350 928,355 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 869,225 436,930 432,300 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 884,690 411,225 473,460 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 196,630 92,160 104,475 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 121,455 58,015 63,435 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 219,355 101,540 117,815 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 231,175 106,250 124,930 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 121,865 56,680 65,185 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 109,315 49,570 59,740 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 116,075 53,255 62,815 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 42,785 20,195 22,590 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 884,690 411,225 473,465 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 68,240 33,995 34,245 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 143,790 72,095 71,695 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 189,835 85,670 104,165 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 383,025 174,945 208,080 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 99,795 44,520 55,280 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 884,685 411,225 473,460 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 104,410 46,085 58,325 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 3,050 1,450 1,605 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 5,650 2,640 3,010 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 3,845 1,855 1,985 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 14,895 6,515 8,380 920 415 500
Haiti 465 230 235 265 110 160
Jamaica 23,195 9,545 13,650 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 2,930 1,270 1,655 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 2,370 1,045 1,325 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 7,595 3,415 4,170 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 11,840 5,465 6,370 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 28,585 12,650 15,930 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 203,855 95,795 108,060 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,565 775 790 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,700 770 930 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 1,575 740 830 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 6,365 2,840 3,520 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 8,680 4,315 4,365 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 4,475 2,015 2,455 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,330 630 705 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 53,355 25,700 27,655 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,220 1,080 1,140 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 7,710 3,350 4,360 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 13,970 6,780 7,185 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 11,845 5,510 6,335 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 21,720 9,520 12,200 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,760 1,295 1,470 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 15,960 7,340 8,615 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,865 10,750 12,110 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 25,775 12,375 13,400 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 42,890 20,505 22,385 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 220 100 120 430 270 150
Egypt 6,405 3,220 3,185 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,710 800 915 1,665 835 825
Kenya 3,330 1,585 1,745 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,680 830 845 730 385 340
Nigeria 4,110 1,970 2,140 1,205 630 575
Somalia 2,965 1,160 1,810 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 5,275 2,545 2,730 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 17,185 8,285 8,900 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 532,065 248,140 283,925 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 6,895 3,515 3,380 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 3,650 1,860 1,785 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 135,405 61,980 73,425 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 63,580 30,005 33,570 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 42,315 20,900 21,415 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 56,575 27,830 28,745 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 8,755 4,305 4,445 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 1,750 590 1,165 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 25,925 12,465 13,465 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 4,215 2,130 2,090 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 19,280 9,485 9,790 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 56,920 22,230 34,690 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 25,120 12,195 12,930 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,945 1,440 1,505 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 7,945 3,475 4,465 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 24,125 10,820 13,300 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 46,665 22,915 23,750 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,465 695 765 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 116,070 53,260 62,815 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 11,085 5,130 5,950 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 750 335 415 960 445 520
Colombia 740 335 400 465 220 240
Cuba 365 155 205 70 35 30
Haiti 120 70 45 15 0 10
Jamaica 1,680 865 815 160 115 45
Mexico 765 385 385 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 1,000 915 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 340 130 205 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 4,420 1,850 2,570 1,855 875 975
Europe 9,400 4,375 5,030 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 195 95 95 790 415 370
Germany 210 110 100 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 75 40 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 615 280 335 200 110 90