Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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Characteristic Central,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,813,058 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,703,285 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.4 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 652,516 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 626,217 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 663.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,730.89 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,813,050 873,975 939,075 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 303,495 155,865 147,630 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 93,385 47,690 45,690 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 104,175 53,695 50,475 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 105,940 54,475 51,460 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 1,230,735 593,545 637,185 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 116,080 59,720 56,360 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 122,240 62,930 59,310 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 115,995 57,835 58,165 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 113,995 54,405 59,590 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 116,435 53,245 63,190 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 127,925 58,995 68,925 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 139,955 65,485 74,470 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 145,295 70,115 75,180 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 128,400 61,440 66,955 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 104,410 49,375 55,035 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 278,815 124,565 154,255 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 90,100 42,400 47,700 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 62,225 28,810 33,420 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 50,495 22,770 27,725 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 37,745 16,595 21,155 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 38,255 13,995 24,255 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 24,180 9,550 14,630 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 11,045 3,605 7,445 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,600 760 1,840 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 420 85 340 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.8 15.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 67.9 67.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.4 14.3 16.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.3 39.2 41.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.7 39.3 41.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 626,215 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 304,105 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 155,935 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 166,030 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 41,150 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 60,385 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 23,410 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,520 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 570 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 150 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 626,220 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 123,195 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 175,060 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 121,685 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 124,430 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,845 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,796,680 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,509,550 718,105 791,440 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 876,345 435,905 440,440 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 806,815 401,165 405,650 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 69,525 34,735 34,795 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 633,205 282,210 351,000 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 436,975 226,115 210,860 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 37,565 14,210 23,355 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 80,640 28,095 52,540 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 78,025 13,785 64,245 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 513,250 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 208,385 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 131,220 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 128,265 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 45,385 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 513,250 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 423,980 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 389,245 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 34,730 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 89,270 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 73,980 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 15,290 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 423,980 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 155,610 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 268,370 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 104,670 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 120,760 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 42,940 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 89,270 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 52,770 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 26,555 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 9,945 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 233,840 99,245 134,600 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 626,215 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 452,695 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 131,305 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 321,395 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,295 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 144,225 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 123,195 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 21,030 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,800,895 869,790 931,110 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,584,905 779,855 805,050 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,140 480 660 1,810 820 985
English and French 117,950 50,295 67,655 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 96,900 39,160 57,735 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,800,900 869,785 931,110 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,671,240 816,000 855,245 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 16,390 7,410 8,980 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 17,655 7,835 9,820 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 95,610 38,545 57,060 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,220 11,325 13,895 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,800,900 869,785 931,110 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,732,495 837,085 895,410 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 849,045 421,850 427,200 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 834,520 415,265 419,255 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 14,530 6,585 7,945 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 883,445 415,235 468,215 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 135 55 80 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 90 35 50 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 60 25 40 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 5 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 15 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 883,310 415,180 468,135 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 38,720 19,285 19,440 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 50 35 15 115 75 45
Kabyle 25 15 10 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 3,980 1,690 2,290 1,505 765 740
Bilen 65 35 25 5 0 0
Oromo 230 110 125 205 115 95
Somali 3,675 1,540 2,140 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 34,620 17,515 17,100 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 945 435 510 1,370 670 700
Arabic 19,815 9,980 9,830 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,515 1,720 1,795 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 770 390 380 440 245 200
Harari 140 65 75 20 5 15
Hebrew 7,705 4,095 3,615 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 550 265 290 215 100 115
Tigrigna 910 440 470 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 270 130 140 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 20,930 9,525 11,405 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,260 1,055 1,205 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 18,660 8,470 10,190 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 48,715 18,475 30,240 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 135 60 75 375 165 215
Cebuano 1,630 615 1,010 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 15 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 850 310 540 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 3,985 1,605 2,375 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 5 0 20 10 15
Malay 1,390 625 770 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 285 120 165 700 320 380
Pangasinan 130 50 80 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,805 14,905 24,900 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 100 30 70 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 400 150 245 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 1,300 600 700 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 760 350 410 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 525 240 280 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 32,065 15,745 16,320 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 385 210 175 280 150 135
Malayalam 2,250 1,160 1,085 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 27,640 13,390 14,250 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 1,760 975 790 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 408,835 195,915 212,920 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 3,760 1,880 1,885 1,465 765 705
Armenian 6,545 3,180 3,365 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 86,795 40,085 46,715 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 1,265 525 740 1,070 485 585
Latvian 630 260 370 565 255 300
Lithuanian 635 270 365 505 225 280
Slavic languages 85,530 39,555 45,980 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 185 90 90 95 45 50
Bosnian 315 145 170 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,955 945 1,005 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 2,075 950 1,125 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 1,070 480 585 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 3,645 1,740 1,905 325 160 165
Polish 8,440 3,780 4,665 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 56,495 26,225 30,270 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 3,950 1,985 1,965 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 445 220 230 1,395 670 725
Slovak 945 410 530 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 710 315 395 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 5,170 2,200 2,970 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 70 345 175 170
Celtic languages 80 40 35 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 15 240 130 110
Welsh 35 15 20 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 13,445 6,010 7,430 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 240 100 135 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 425 195 230 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,355 1,110 1,245 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 15 15 295 145 145
German 7,940 3,500 4,440 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 20 10 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 75 40 45 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 240 90 145 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 30 445 220 225
Yiddish 2,050 915 1,135 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 12,840 6,190 6,645 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 132,055 65,685 66,370 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 64,865 32,185 32,680 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 4,440 2,250 2,190 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 13,205 6,510 6,690 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 8,405 4,180 4,220 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 60 35 30 65 35 25
Konkani 330 155 175 255 130 125
Marathi 870 430 435 620 325 295
Nepali 385 180 205 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 110 60 50 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,405 6,270 6,130 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,890 885 1,010 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,660 800 860 1,675 845 830
Urdu 21,110 10,430 10,680 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 66,675 33,215 33,460 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,565 840 730 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,100 570 535 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 64,005 31,810 32,195 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 515 285 230 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 153,310 72,840 80,470 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 35 15 20 160 85 75
Italian 77,645 36,930 40,710 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 21,640 10,455 11,185 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 12,020 5,645 6,370 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 41,885 19,750 22,135 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 105 65 40
Japanese 2,920 1,075 1,845 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 830 460 370 85 50 35
Georgian 830 455 370 85 50 40
Korean 31,485 14,765 16,720 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 120 55 70 360 150 205
Mongolian 120 55 65 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 6,610 3,015 3,595 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 2,410 1,030 1,380 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Edo 370 135 235 85 50 35
Ewe 105 50 60 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 45 25 20
Ga 80 35 45 45 20 25
Ganda 140 65 75 90 45 45
Igbo 430 220 215 245 145 105
Lingala 45 20 25 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 35 25 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 40 155 70 80
Shona 155 65 90 215 100 115
Swahili 905 425 480 805 400 405
Wolof 45 20 15 50 25 25
Yoruba 900 460 440 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 800 365 435 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 45 35 340 175 165
Dinka 15 10 10 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 240 115 125
Sign languages 280 160 120 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 35 30 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 125 85 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 271,605 127,125 144,480 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 270,895 126,780 144,115 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 135,735 63,780 71,955 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 3,460 1,585 1,875 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 118,370 55,325 63,045 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 305 145 165 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,650 2,625 3,030 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,655 1,205 1,455 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,615 2,070 2,545 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 715 345 365 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 285 130 155 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 180 85 95 815 395 425
Tibetan 185 95 90 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 1,715 730 980 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 1,230 590 635 1,100 550 550
Thai 470 140 340 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 7,905 4,055 3,845 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 1,210 640 570 530 290 235
Turkish 6,130 3,155 2,985 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 70 35 40 170 85 85
Uzbek 275 135 135 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 190 80 110
Uralic languages 8,910 4,010 4,900 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 770 305 465 705 295 410
Finnish 995 405 585 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 7,140 3,295 3,845 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 140 140 500 280 225
Multiple responses 68,405 32,705 35,700 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 3,575 1,645 1,930 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 61,230 29,420 31,805 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,685 770 915 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,915 870 1,045 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,800,900 869,790 931,115 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,629,215 788,290 840,925 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,092,735 536,875 555,865 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,086,665 534,125 552,540 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 6,075 2,750 3,325 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 536,475 251,415 285,060 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 536,440 251,400 285,040 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,085 9,620 10,460 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 10 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 2,495 1,060 1,435 770 355 415
Bilen 35 20 20 0 0 0
Oromo 120 55 70 90 50 45
Somali 2,330 985 1,345 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 17,530 8,535 9,000 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 425 195 230 600 275 320
Arabic 9,985 4,815 5,170 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,335 1,115 1,225 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 220 220 310 165 145
Harari 70 30 35 10 5 5
Hebrew 3,545 1,830 1,715 900 465 440
Maltese 95 40 50 15 5 10
Tigrigna 480 215 270 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 70 85 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,085 6,365 7,720 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,320 580 740 800 375 420
Vietnamese 12,760 5,780 6,975 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 23,320 9,700 13,620 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 30 10 15 75 30 35
Cebuano 630 255 375 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 285 115 165 415 175 240
Ilocano 1,545 675 870 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 5 5 10 5 10
Malay 505 245 255 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 40 55 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,035 8,265 11,770 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 30 10 20 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 310 150 160
Creole languages 635 290 345 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 420 185 230 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 20,610 9,880 10,730 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 130 60 65 110 55 60
Malayalam 1,030 535 495 1,225 615 605
Tamil 18,530 8,770 9,760 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 925 515 410 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 214,035 100,920 113,120 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 1,735 860 875 695 335 360
Armenian 3,915 1,880 2,040 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 50,710 23,690 27,020 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 425 185 240 210 90 115
Latvian 200 85 115 80 30 50
Lithuanian 225 105 120 125 60 65
Slavic languages 50,285 23,505 26,780 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 70 35 35 15 5 5
Bosnian 140 65 80 595 300 300
Bulgarian 1,070 510 555 1,035 485 550
Croatian 610 280 330 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 295 135 155 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 1,250 570 680 150 75 75
Polish 3,210 1,480 1,725 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 38,565 18,075 20,490 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 2,140 1,050 1,085 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 190 90 100 500 235 265
Slovak 300 130 170 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 165 75 90 145 65 85
Ukrainian 2,250 990 1,265 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,385 620 760 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 55 20 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 10 15 305 145 160
Dutch 135 65 70 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 970 435 535 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 10 10 0 140 60 80
Swedish 45 20 30 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 140 70 70 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 4,630 2,150 2,485 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 82,855 40,320 42,540 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 35,685 17,340 18,345 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 2,650 1,320 1,330 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 7,285 3,490 3,800 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 4,055 1,995 2,065 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 15 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 70 35 35 40 25 25
Marathi 360 180 180 270 140 130
Nepali 220 110 115 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 45 25 20 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,040 3,480 3,570 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 685 310 375 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 360 395 675 330 340
Urdu 12,510 6,050 6,460 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 46,955 22,865 24,085 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 870 465 400 1,080 540 535
Pashto 580 285 295 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 45,500 22,115 23,390 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 68,790 31,390 37,395 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 20 15 10 65 35 35
Italian 28,130 12,125 16,010 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 9,845 4,810 5,035 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 6,240 2,880 3,355 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 24,530 11,555 12,970 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 20 5 10
Japanese 1,505 675 835 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 600 340 255 30 15 10
Georgian 600 345 255 30 15 15
Korean 23,295 11,015 12,275 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 65 35 35 170 80 90
Mongolian 70 35 30 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,645 1,135 1,510 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 1,270 510 760 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 110 35 75 15 10 10
Ewe 30 10 20 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 5 15 20 5 10
Ga 25 5 15 5 5 0
Ganda 35 15 25 10 5 5
Igbo 120 50 75 40 20 15
Lingala 10 10 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 60 25 35
Shona 50 20 30 65 25 40
Swahili 355 160 190 200 90 115
Wolof 20 10 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 290 155 135 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 105 135 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 450 260 185 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 115 60 60 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 330 200 130 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 206,185 96,865 109,315 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 205,745 96,655 109,090 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 102,370 47,565 54,805 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 1,425 650 775 700 295 410
Mandarin 94,720 45,095 49,625 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 90 35 50 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,555 1,165 1,390 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,555 745 815 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,980 1,370 1,610 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 215 225 1,745 885 865
Burmese 150 70 75 720 375 350
Karenic languages 140 65 75 725 355 370
Tibetan 125 65 65 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 795 380 415 1,380 595 785
Lao 625 305 320 460 225 235
Thai 165 70 90 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 4,600 2,305 2,300 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 520 265 255 195 105 95
Turkish 3,830 1,905 1,925 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 40 15 20 95 50 50
Uzbek 140 75 60 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 40 20 25
Uralic languages 3,410 1,555 1,860 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 190 70 120 95 40 55
Finnish 240 95 140 725 325 400
Hungarian 2,985 1,385 1,595 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 145 70 75
Multiple responses 171,685 81,500 90,185 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,080 1,435 1,645 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 164,840 78,440 86,400 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 610 260 355 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 3,150 1,370 1,780 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,800,900 869,790 931,110 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,329,940 645,795 684,145 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 211,390 102,205 109,190 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 12,190 5,150 7,045 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 238,880 112,815 126,065 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 85 35 50 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 238,795 112,775 126,015 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 1,330 595 730 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 4,640 2,195 2,450 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 2,445 1,000 1,440 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 85 35 50 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,493,490 712,570 780,915 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,416,575 675,230 741,345 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,542 35,844 26,893 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,416,820 675,300 741,520 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,295 32,590 25,279 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,253,955 611,705 642,250 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,053 37,213 26,281 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,026,600 446,620 579,985 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,161 1,032 3,652 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,037,875 522,045 515,825 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,800 39,154 29,545 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,493,515 712,525 780,990 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,416,355 675,160 741,200 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,434 56,258 39,397 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,416,580 675,210 741,370 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,647 44,575 33,247 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,253,480 611,915 641,565 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,402 58,003 39,245 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,027,260 447,350 579,910 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,340 5,565 6,937 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,037,950 522,500 515,455 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,836 57,316 40,241 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,493,520 712,525 780,990 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 492,370 272,960 219,415 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,279 61,573 51,061 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,192 79,491 60,868 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.3 93.4 86.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.5 79.0 70.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.7 6.6 13.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,493,485 712,570 780,920 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 76,915 37,340 39,575 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,416,570 675,230 741,340 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.8 94.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 262,455 117,165 145,290 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 256,520 107,075 149,440 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 180,470 76,580 103,890 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 138,950 61,410 77,540 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 120,755 55,170 65,580 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 95,470 46,260 49,210 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 75,885 39,270 36,615 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 60,300 33,000 27,300 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 49,445 28,110 21,335 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 43,585 23,385 20,195 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 132,740 87,795 44,950 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 85,705 54,070 31,635 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 47,045 33,730 13,315 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,493,490 712,570 780,915 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 76,665 37,270 39,395 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,416,820 675,295 741,520 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.8 95.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 267,115 118,745 148,375 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 266,415 111,655 154,760 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 204,785 87,565 117,220 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 164,580 74,060 90,515 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 138,440 65,895 72,550 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 102,720 52,900 49,825 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 77,240 43,085 34,155 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 61,845 34,335 27,505 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 133,675 87,060 46,610 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 42,155 24,495 17,660 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 25,145 16,070 9,075 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 66,375 46,500 19,880 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,493,485 712,570 780,915 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 455,615 190,525 265,085 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 1,037,875 522,045 515,830 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.5 73.3 66.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 131,925 61,110 70,815 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 89,040 40,055 48,990 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 146,040 67,695 78,345 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 112,310 50,040 62,270 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 100,145 45,650 54,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 90,505 42,345 48,160 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 73,600 37,030 36,570 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 59,630 31,785 27,845 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 48,545 27,540 21,010 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 186,130 118,805 67,325 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 41,440 24,175 17,270 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 38,935 20,770 18,165 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 105,750 73,855 31,895 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 626,215 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,224 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,573 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 123,190 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,221 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,568 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 503,025 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,156 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,408 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 626,190 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 107,290 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,427 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 123,225 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,797 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,176 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 502,965 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,885 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,514 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 626,215 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,310 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,460 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,990 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,925 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 21,200 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,825 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,260 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,310 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,680 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,230 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 42,725 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 39,910 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,445 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,770 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,620 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 246,555 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 67,600 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 50,775 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 62,940 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 65,235 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 626,215 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 15,240 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,570 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,210 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,670 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,125 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 24,785 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 26,030 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,725 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,215 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,480 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 50,790 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 46,765 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,970 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 39,940 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,075 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 196,630 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 69,500 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 46,755 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 80,375 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 491,580 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,440 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,737 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 127,335 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,542 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,736 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 268,685 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,605 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,783 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 78,700 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,293 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,291 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 491,490 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,642 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,134 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 127,265 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,626 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,054 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 268,705 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,725 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,594 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 78,290 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,843 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,134 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 179,230 80,900 98,330 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,130 32,017 28,881 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,870 29,276 27,017 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 178,520 80,400 98,120 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,194 46,839 42,027 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,489 37,996 35,254 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,796,685 868,275 928,405 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 849,470 399,865 449,605 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 201,555 95,870 105,685 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 176,880 80,505 96,375 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 162,435 75,965 86,475 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 153,955 73,165 80,790 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 154,645 74,360 80,280 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 947,210 468,410 478,805 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 159,825 77,740 82,085 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 167,865 82,050 85,815 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 183,000 90,340 92,660 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 205,620 102,165 103,460 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 230,900 116,115 114,780 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,796,420 868,155 928,265 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 371,425 190,860 180,565 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 113,190 57,900 55,290 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 1,158,775 556,340 602,435 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 266,220 120,960 145,265 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 282,960 132,315 150,645 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 71,260 36,965 34,300 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 22,340 11,610 10,730 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 174,765 80,520 94,240 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 36,935 14,825 22,105 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 15.2 16.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.2 19.4 19.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.7 20.1 19.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.5 15.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 13.9 12.3 15.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 224,640 105,990 118,655 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 53,810 27,930 25,875 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 16,815 8,750 8,070 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 148,180 69,440 78,740 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 22,660 8,625 14,035 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.2 12.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 15.1 14.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 12.5 13.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 8.5 7.1 9.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,796,700 868,350 928,355 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,700,140 829,580 870,560 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,698,965 829,055 869,905 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 118,690 50,275 68,420 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,066,325 503,280 563,040 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 210 75 135 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 190 70 120 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 65 100 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 155 60 100 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 10 0 10 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,066,125 503,215 562,915 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 67,860 33,795 34,065 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 50 25 25 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 5,695 2,510 3,185 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 45 30 15 20 10 15
Oromo 450 185 260 245 140 110
Somali 5,230 2,290 2,940 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 62,425 31,410 31,015 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,610 815 790 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 30,465 15,340 15,125 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,255 2,025 2,230 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 690 370 330 570 285 285
Harari 140 70 65 55 35 20
Hebrew 26,260 13,325 12,930 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 725 360 370 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,210 575 630 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 325 135 190 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,380 12,985 15,395 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,285 1,495 1,790 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 25,300 11,595 13,705 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 62,725 23,760 38,970 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 175 80 95 530 215 310
Cebuano 2,330 880 1,450 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 15 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 855 330 530 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 5,160 2,070 3,090 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 30 20 0 25 15 10
Malay 2,065 950 1,115 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 435 205 230 855 365 495
Pangasinan 150 50 100 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,710 22,060 36,650 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 145 45 100 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 570 220 350 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 4,085 1,890 2,195 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 90 40 50 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 2,110 955 1,150 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,930 910 1,025 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 41,895 20,705 21,190 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 670 325 340 510 250 265
Malayalam 3,080 1,525 1,550 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 36,370 17,825 18,545 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 2,650 1,465 1,180 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 517,940 249,200 268,735 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 4,210 2,065 2,150 1,640 840 795
Armenian 7,735 3,715 4,020 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 99,725 46,570 53,150 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 1,675 715 965 1,030 515 520
Latvian 935 400 535 555 290 265
Lithuanian 745 310 435 475 220 250
Slavic languages 98,890 46,270 52,625 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 490 260 230 245 115 125
Bosnian 450 195 255 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 2,325 1,120 1,200 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 3,335 1,560 1,770 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,415 665 750 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 5,340 2,585 2,755 400 220 185
Polish 10,215 4,715 5,495 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 69,100 32,300 36,800 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 4,965 2,565 2,390 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 530 265 265 1,525 770 750
Slovak 1,175 495 680 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 960 430 530 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 9,500 4,200 5,300 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 80 55 420 215 205
Celtic languages 245 120 120 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 135 60 70 660 395 265
Welsh 55 30 25 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 860 450 410
Germanic languages 23,740 10,915 12,830 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,620 785 835 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 505 215 290 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,320 1,465 1,850 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 55 20 35 465 230 240
German 14,355 6,695 7,655 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 245 125 120 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 575 230 345 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 30 40 545 270 275
Yiddish 3,645 1,675 1,970 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 155 95 60
Greek 19,395 9,415 9,985 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 168,465 83,825 84,640 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 92,090 46,115 45,970 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 5,885 2,935 2,950 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 18,690 9,115 9,570 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 32,555 16,475 16,080 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 75 40 35 60 30 25
Konkani 635 295 350 415 215 200
Marathi 1,625 865 755 1,475 780 695
Nepali 555 280 270 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 200 90 110 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,205 11,470 10,735 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 3,025 1,370 1,655 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,240 1,650 1,590 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 32,575 16,290 16,290 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 77,160 38,105 39,060 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 2,320 1,225 1,095 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,640 910 730 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 74,640 36,790 37,850 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 890 470 420 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 207,205 98,740 108,470 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 60 35 25 395 210 180
Italian 108,530 51,815 56,715 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 28,410 13,735 14,665 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 14,165 6,665 7,495 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 63,405 29,945 33,455 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 270 105 160 380 245 140
Japanese 5,585 2,435 3,150 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 1,100 565 535 115 55 60
Georgian 1,100 570 530 115 55 55
Korean 35,740 17,200 18,535 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 95 25 65 370 170 200
Mongolian 95 20 70 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 12,710 6,060 6,650 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 4,015 1,805 2,210 630 350 280
Bamanankan 60 35 25 30 20 15
Edo 635 245 395 145 80 60
Ewe 110 60 50 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 90 45 50 105 30 70
Ga 175 70 110 150 95 50
Ganda 155 95 60 165 80 85
Igbo 845 420 425 425 240 185
Lingala 260 115 145 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 65 50 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 55 290 125 165
Shona 285 115 175 415 220 195
Swahili 2,940 1,505 1,435 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 115 55 55 50 25 30
Yoruba 1,840 945 890 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,585 740 845 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 115 65 50 405 210 200
Dinka 30 25 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,410 585 825 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 740 275 460 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 680 310 375 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 305,515 143,780 161,735 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 304,815 143,480 161,330 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 168,995 79,105 89,885 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 3,990 1,780 2,210 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 165,165 76,730 88,435 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 205 70 135 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,690 3,005 3,690 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,630 1,755 1,875 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,895 2,205 2,685 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 355 455 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 380 155 225 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 185 85 100 955 485 465
Tibetan 145 60 85 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,990 830 1,160 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,395 645 750 1,630 735 890
Thai 715 250 470 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 10 10 0
Turkic languages 12,135 6,070 6,070 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,015 975 945 510 435
Turkish 9,790 4,865 4,930 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 70 25 50 115 60 55
Uzbek 385 215 170 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 275 140 130
Uralic languages 10,465 4,815 5,645 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 930 400 525 780 350 425
Finnish 1,180 495 690 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 8,375 3,920 4,455 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 595 295 295 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,796,695 868,350 928,355 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,562,930 760,220 802,710 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 342,255 175,825 166,435 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,220,675 584,395 636,275 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 233,770 108,125 125,640 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,796,700 868,350 928,355 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 869,225 436,930 432,300 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 884,690 411,225 473,460 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 196,630 92,160 104,475 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 121,455 58,015 63,435 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 219,355 101,540 117,815 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 231,175 106,250 124,930 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 121,865 56,680 65,185 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 109,315 49,570 59,740 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 116,075 53,255 62,815 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 42,785 20,195 22,590 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 884,690 411,225 473,465 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 68,240 33,995 34,245 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 143,790 72,095 71,695 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 189,835 85,670 104,165 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 383,025 174,945 208,080 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 99,795 44,520 55,280 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 884,685 411,225 473,460 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 104,410 46,085 58,325 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 3,050 1,450 1,605 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 5,650 2,640 3,010 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 3,845 1,855 1,985 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 14,895 6,515 8,380 1,305 600 710
Haiti 465 230 235 570 250 315
Jamaica 23,195 9,545 13,650 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 2,930 1,270 1,655 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 2,370 1,045 1,325 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 7,595 3,415 4,170 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 11,840 5,465 6,370 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 28,585 12,650 15,930 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 203,855 95,795 108,060 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,565 775 790 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,700 770 930 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 1,575 740 830 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 6,365 2,840 3,520 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 8,680 4,315 4,365 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 4,475 2,015 2,455 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,330 630 705 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 53,355 25,700 27,655 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,220 1,080 1,140 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 7,710 3,350 4,360 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 13,970 6,780 7,185 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 11,845 5,510 6,335 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 21,720 9,520 12,200 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,760 1,295 1,470 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 15,960 7,340 8,615 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,865 10,750 12,110 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 25,775 12,375 13,400 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 42,890 20,505 22,385 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 220 100 120 485 310 175
Egypt 6,405 3,220 3,185 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 1,710 800 915 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 3,330 1,585 1,745 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 1,680 830 845 985 535 455
Nigeria 4,110 1,970 2,140 1,740 925 815
Somalia 2,965 1,160 1,810 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 5,275 2,545 2,730 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 17,185 8,285 8,900 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 532,065 248,140 283,925 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 6,895 3,515 3,380 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 3,650 1,860 1,785 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 135,405 61,980 73,425 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 63,580 30,005 33,570 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 42,315 20,900 21,415 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 56,575 27,830 28,745 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 8,755 4,305 4,445 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 1,750 590 1,165 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 25,925 12,465 13,465 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 4,215 2,130 2,090 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 19,280 9,485 9,790 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 56,920 22,230 34,690 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25,120 12,195 12,930 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,945 1,440 1,505 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 7,945 3,475 4,465 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 24,125 10,820 13,300 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 46,665 22,915 23,750 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,465 695 765 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 116,070 53,260 62,815 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 11,085 5,130 5,950 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 750 335 415 1,145 525 615
Colombia 740 335 400 580 250 325
Cuba 365 155 205 140 60 80
Haiti 120 70 45 35 35 10
Jamaica 1,680 865 815 625 355 265
Mexico 765 385 385 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 1,000 915 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 340 130 205 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 4,420 1,850 2,570 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 9,400 4,375 5,030 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 195 95 95 970 510 460
Germany 210 110 100 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 75 40 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 615 280 335 245 120 125
Romania 625 230 400 690 310