Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Central East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,550,531 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,498,683 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 607,991 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 559,294 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 100.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,394.87 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,550,535 751,085 799,445 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 252,285 129,135 123,145 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 79,455 40,785 38,665 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 86,450 44,250 42,200 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 86,380 44,100 42,275 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 1,028,010 500,845 527,160 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 96,415 49,400 47,010 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 103,865 53,665 50,200 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 94,440 47,275 47,170 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 92,785 44,750 48,035 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 91,075 42,835 48,235 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 95,550 45,265 50,280 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 105,980 50,060 55,925 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 126,940 61,100 65,835 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 118,990 57,715 61,280 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 101,970 48,790 53,185 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 270,245 121,105 149,140 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 88,270 41,820 46,445 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 62,630 29,590 33,040 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 46,755 21,055 25,700 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 35,890 15,725 20,160 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 36,700 12,910 23,785 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 23,100 8,910 14,195 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 10,620 3,305 7,315 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,600 635 1,965 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 375 60 315 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.2 15.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.7 65.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.4 16.1 18.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.0 43.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 559,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 328,745 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 88,840 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 140,910 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,915 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 49,705 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 28,530 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 37,475 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,285 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 805 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 559,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 121,005 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 177,700 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 99,100 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 95,170 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 66,320 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,528,935 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,298,250 621,950 676,300 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 737,340 368,160 369,180 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 645,385 322,310 323,075 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 91,945 45,845 46,105 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 560,915 253,795 307,120 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 367,660 193,260 174,405 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 39,430 15,980 23,450 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 76,955 29,175 47,780 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 76,870 15,385 61,490 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 443,380 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 204,690 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 104,005 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 94,905 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,780 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 443,380 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 358,095 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 312,155 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 45,940 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 85,285 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 69,255 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 16,030 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 358,095 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 153,700 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 204,390 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 79,640 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 87,465 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 37,290 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 85,285 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 50,985 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 24,370 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 9,925 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 216,825 97,875 118,950 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 559,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 396,655 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 136,395 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 260,255 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 22,580 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 140,065 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 121,010 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,055 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,387,170 683,460 703,710 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,170 485 685 1,110 530 580
English and French 95,825 40,590 55,240 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 51,565 21,095 30,470 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,459,055 713,200 745,855 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 18,615 8,490 10,125 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 7,365 3,290 4,075 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 50,695 20,650 30,045 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,295 10,130 12,165 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,492,890 725,070 767,820 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,079,305 528,145 551,160 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 1,061,490 520,040 541,450 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 17,815 8,110 9,705 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 413,580 196,920 216,665 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 245 105 135 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 185 80 105 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 60 75 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 130 55 70 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 5 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 5 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 15 5 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 413,345 196,810 216,530 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,215 8,645 8,570 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 30 15 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,520 665 855 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 165 85 85 165 95 75
Somali 1,335 575 760 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Semitic languages 15,625 7,940 7,685 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,875 865 1,010 1,140 560 585
Arabic 11,740 6,095 5,645 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 85 80 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 240 195
Harari 405 185 225 25 10 15
Hebrew 120 75 45 1,770 960 805
Maltese 440 220 220 80 40 40
Tigrigna 805 380 420 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,510 1,575 1,940 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,310 1,490 1,820 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 39,510 16,660 22,845 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 140 60 80 310 140 170
Cebuano 1,205 510 700 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 10 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 520 215 305 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 1,840 755 1,085 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 5 15 0 10
Malay 670 310 365 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 335 160 175 635 290 345
Pangasinan 120 50 70 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,425 14,515 19,915 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 55 20 35 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 65 115 830 360 470
Creole languages 1,480 660 815 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 125 50 70 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 945 435 515 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 175 235 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 56,780 27,740 29,035 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 255 135 115 225 115 110
Malayalam 3,340 1,760 1,580 1,750 905 845
Tamil 51,305 24,805 26,500 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 1,830 1,010 820 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 170,335 83,455 86,875 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,235 600 635 1,090 560 530
Armenian 3,845 1,840 2,000 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 22,965 10,580 12,385 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 550 230 320 645 280 370
Latvian 385 160 225 320 145 175
Lithuanian 165 70 95 325 130 200
Slavic languages 22,415 10,350 12,065 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 35 10 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 120 50 65 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 640 300 340 1,725 805 915
Croatian 980 505 480 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 950 435 515 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 4,625 2,230 2,395 250 120 135
Polish 7,635 3,455 4,180 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,595 1,115 1,475 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,280 655 620 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 170 80 85 1,145 545 600
Slovak 540 230 310 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 260 295 545 250 290
Ukrainian 2,200 955 1,245 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 180 90 90
Celtic languages 140 70 70 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 70 35 40 125 65 60
Welsh 50 20 25 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 15,025 6,910 8,120 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 195 95 100 1,435 730 705
Danish 410 200 210 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 4,495 2,135 2,365 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 140 65 70 80 30 50
German 9,265 4,195 5,065 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 25 15 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 105 45 60 835 410 430
Swedish 235 100 135 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 40 75 200 105 95
Yiddish 35 20 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 9,950 4,885 5,065 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 83,575 42,205 41,365 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 68,765 34,675 34,090 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 13,185 6,595 6,585 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 15,030 7,670 7,360 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 6,050 3,100 2,955 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 35 15 20 40 25 15
Konkani 430 200 225 225 110 110
Marathi 645 325 320 535 280 255
Nepali 915 470 445 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 40 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,535 3,390 3,150 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 940 435 505 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,260 1,070 1,190 1,455 730 725
Urdu 22,650 11,350 11,300 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 14,505 7,375 7,130 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 410 240 170 1,650 875 780
Pashto 2,145 1,095 1,050 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 11,950 6,040 5,910 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 300 155 145 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 33,605 16,370 17,240 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 12,570 6,430 6,140 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 5,840 2,790 3,050 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 3,100 1,450 1,650 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 12,075 5,690 6,390 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 60 40 25
Japanese 980 350 635 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 45 15 30 65 40 25
Georgian 50 20 25 65 40 25
Korean 2,940 1,350 1,590 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 25 10 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,635 1,815 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 700 340 355 405 220 180
Bamanankan 10 5 5 10 10 5
Edo 130 60 70 80 45 30
Ewe 60 30 35 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 30 20 10 5
Ga 60 25 40 35 15 15
Ganda 65 25 35 65 35 30
Igbo 210 105 105 160 90 65
Lingala 140 70 75 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 40 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 40 105 45 55
Shona 195 90 105 150 70 85
Swahili 645 295 355 585 285 295
Wolof 30 20 10 30 10 20
Yoruba 440 220 220 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 550 245 305 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 35 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 190 85 100
Sign languages 355 190 165 620 330 295
American Sign Language 135 70 70 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 220 125 95 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 110,310 51,525 58,785 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 109,865 51,315 58,545 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 56,810 26,155 30,655 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 1,955 865 1,090 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 44,835 21,410 23,425 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 280 135 145 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,100 1,195 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130 520 610 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,525 1,120 1,400 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 205 240 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 140 60 80 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 15 10 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 235 115 120 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 465 180 285 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 140 75 70 800 405 400
Thai 320 105 215 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,240 655 585 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 495 275 225
Turkish 1,015 545 465 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 70 35 35 165 80 85
Uzbek 70 30 45 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 4,510 2,060 2,445 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 615 265 350 455 195 260
Finnish 790 330 460 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 3,100 1,470 1,630 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 365 200 170
Multiple responses 42,840 20,555 22,280 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,665 1,695 1,970 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 36,980 17,885 19,100 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 1,100 485 615 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,095 495 600 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,438,380 698,700 739,680 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,191,625 581,880 609,750 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,184,635 578,625 606,015 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,990 3,255 3,735 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 246,755 116,815 129,935 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 60 35 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 45 25 20 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 25 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 246,695 116,785 129,915 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,855 4,170 4,680 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 765 295 465 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 105 45 55 80 40 35
Somali 655 245 405 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,055 3,860 4,200 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 960 430 530 535 250 290
Arabic 6,250 3,040 3,205 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 50 55 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 235 100 135 10 5 5
Hebrew 35 20 15 785 400 385
Maltese 75 35 40 5 5 0
Tigrigna 380 165 215 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,995 915 1,080 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 40 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,920 880 1,035 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 17,610 7,810 9,795 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 30 15 15 70 30 35
Cebuano 485 220 265 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 170 75 95 355 150 205
Ilocano 685 300 390 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 185 80 105 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 40 55 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 10 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,905 7,055 8,855 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 730 325 405 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 70 35 40 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 500 220 280 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 70 90 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 40,385 19,350 21,035 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 105 55 45 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,880 995 880 885 450 435
Tamil 37,370 17,750 19,620 1,935 965 965
Telugu 1,015 535 475 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 81,465 39,415 42,050 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 635 320 320 530 255 270
Armenian 2,675 1,255 1,420 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,885 4,190 4,695 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 70 35 35 160 75 90
Latvian 55 25 30 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,820 4,155 4,665 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 45 20 25 540 270 270
Bulgarian 335 165 175 925 425 495
Croatian 250 120 125 1,795 840 955
Czech 295 135 160 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 1,995 945 1,055 120 60 60
Polish 3,165 1,520 1,645 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,330 620 705 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 570 280 295 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30 435 205 235
Slovak 165 80 85 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 45 60 60 25 35
Ukrainian 480 190 290 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,530 705 825 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 60 30 25 520 250 265
Danish 15 5 15 180 90 90
Dutch 240 105 135 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 0 5 5 0
German 1,175 545 625 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 75 35 35
Swedish 20 5 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 4,110 1,940 2,165 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 50,730 25,010 25,715 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 41,595 20,560 21,035 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 8,705 4,255 4,450 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 9,430 4,715 4,715 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 3,240 1,625 1,615 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 90 45 45 40 15 15
Marathi 315 160 150 245 125 120
Nepali 640 325 315 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 25 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,500 1,755 1,750 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 410 185 230 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,025 510 515 595 290 305
Urdu 14,180 6,950 7,230 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 9,020 4,390 4,630 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 220 125 100 1,025 515 505
Pashto 1,365 685 680 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 7,430 3,580 3,850 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 12,895 5,990 6,905 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 3,670 1,615 2,055 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,865 855 1,015 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,640 775 865 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,710 2,745 2,970 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 405 165 240 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 25 5 15 15 10 10
Georgian 20 5 20 15 10 10
Korean 1,995 950 1,045 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 465 565 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 280 125 150 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 30 15 15 15 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 0 0 0
Ga 20 10 10 5 0 0
Ganda 10 0 10 5 5 5
Igbo 40 15 20 35 20 15
Lingala 30 10 15 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 45 15 30
Shona 55 30 30 40 15 20
Swahili 220 95 130 155 60 90
Wolof 15 10 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 110 50 55 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 575 345 235 830 460 370
American Sign Language 185 100 85 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 390 245 145 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 89,265 41,755 47,515 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 89,010 41,630 47,375 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 46,370 21,040 25,325 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 970 445 530 670 280 390
Mandarin 38,255 18,565 19,690 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 90 35 50 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 955 455 500 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 325 370 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,650 750 905 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 75 30 45 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 5 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 160 80 85 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 1,015 435 580
Lao 50 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 135 60 80 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 720 360 365 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 185 95 90
Turkish 610 300 305 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 50 25 20 100 50 50
Uzbek 45 15 25 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,380 640 745 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 135 50 85 75 30 45
Finnish 145 65 80 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,100 530 570 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 97,350 46,925 50,420 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 3,050 1,345 1,705 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 91,835 44,525 47,310 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 535 230 300 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,935 830 1,105 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,311,005 637,960 673,045 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 96,870 47,665 49,205 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 13,710 5,640 8,070 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 110,210 52,520 57,695 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 390 165 225 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 109,825 52,350 57,470 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 635 280 350 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,040 1,005 1,030 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 1,225 535 685 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,277,235 614,020 663,210 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,782 36,372 26,768 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,800 584,045 630,760 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,421 32,958 25,078 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,061,765 523,415 538,350 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,029 36,211 24,790 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 904,630 402,410 502,215 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,573 2,204 6,006 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 876,050 448,075 427,980 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,406 35,580 27,877 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,277,230 613,995 663,230 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,213,915 583,515 630,405 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,891 48,375 35,889 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,214,275 583,560 630,710 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,237 39,833 30,985 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,061,095 522,675 538,425 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,551 48,837 34,478 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 903,900 401,865 502,035 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,482 6,723 8,089 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 876,030 447,740 428,295 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,808 47,278 36,089 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,277,225 613,995 663,230 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 403,225 222,650 180,580 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,242 57,700 48,844 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,225 67,827 55,318 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.4 82.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.8 74.9 68.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.6 17.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 62,800 30,030 32,775 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 201,365 90,625 110,745 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 227,945 93,295 134,645 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 166,395 69,125 97,265 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 133,460 60,410 73,050 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 118,305 57,350 60,960 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 91,900 47,220 44,685 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 68,685 37,740 30,945 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 51,990 30,230 21,760 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 39,890 23,490 16,400 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 33,385 18,850 14,525 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 81,110 55,665 25,445 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 58,650 38,980 19,670 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 22,460 16,690 5,770 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 62,435 29,985 32,450 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,214,800 584,045 630,755 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 206,120 91,735 114,385 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 236,810 97,300 139,510 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 191,130 81,100 110,035 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 160,070 75,005 85,065 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 133,145 66,945 66,195 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 93,005 50,655 42,355 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 64,775 38,150 26,620 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 48,225 27,890 20,330 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 81,525 55,265 26,265 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 30,380 18,675 11,705 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 17,030 11,605 5,425 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 34,115 24,980 9,135 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 401,175 165,945 235,235 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 876,050 448,075 427,975 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.6 73.0 64.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 134,425 68,570 65,860 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 75,255 33,720 41,535 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 119,490 55,075 64,420 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 95,500 43,235 52,265 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 88,165 41,045 47,115 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 79,845 38,380 41,470 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 65,665 34,065 31,600 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 50,750 28,195 22,555 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 40,300 23,735 16,570 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 126,650 82,065 44,595 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 32,680 19,480 13,200 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 29,120 16,165 12,960 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 64,850 46,420 18,430 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 559,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,028 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,537 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,005 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,121 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,811 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 438,285 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,534 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,128 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 559,290 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,923 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,503 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,005 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,965 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,778 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 438,285 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,611 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,195 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 559,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,530 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,845 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,055 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,160 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,755 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 21,175 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 22,385 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,850 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,430 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,415 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 43,600 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 40,850 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,710 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,660 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,545 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 191,330 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,975 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 44,390 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,945 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 35,020 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 559,295 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,015 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,945 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,245 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,915 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 22,815 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 23,430 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,550 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 27,035 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,210 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,910 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 51,660 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,625 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,495 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,625 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,450 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 144,360 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,275 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,840 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,235 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 427,055 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,826 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,472 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 132,620 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,375 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,318 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 205,330 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,108 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,787 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 75,295 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,163 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,133 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 426,760 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,203 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,722 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 132,505 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,398 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,173 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 205,610 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,541 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,999 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 74,915 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,055 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,946 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,895 81,930 90,965 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,528 30,887 28,555 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,354 28,220 26,742 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 172,660 82,170 90,490 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,438 41,370 37,683 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,464 34,384 32,629 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,528,935 742,825 786,115 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 772,905 366,735 406,170 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 157,650 76,130 81,520 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 161,225 73,350 87,875 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 152,750 71,850 80,905 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 150,670 72,090 78,575 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 150,615 73,315 77,295 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 756,030 376,085 379,945 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 152,555 74,670 77,880 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 156,585 77,140 79,455 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 158,880 78,995 79,885 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 160,725 80,475 80,250 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 127,280 64,805 62,475 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,526,890 741,830 785,055 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 306,745 156,850 149,900 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 95,875 49,185 46,690 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 966,140 468,760 497,375 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 254,000 116,220 137,780 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 228,200 106,135 122,060 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 62,225 31,635 30,585 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 20,765 10,585 10,185 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 134,750 62,550 72,200 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 31,230 11,950 19,280 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.3 15.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.2 20.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.3 14.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.3 14.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 158,985 76,685 82,295 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 41,030 20,895 20,135 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 13,975 7,135 6,840 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 104,255 50,645 53,610 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 13,700 5,150 8,550 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.3 10.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.4 13.3 13.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.4 6.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,528,905 742,795 786,110 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,477,745 721,575 756,170 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,476,740 721,125 755,615 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 96,110 41,055 55,060 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 508,595 243,580 265,015 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 765 320 445 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 675 275 400 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 15 60 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 40 10 30 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 590 255 335 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 585 255 330 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 15 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 60 35 20 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 35 15 10 10 0
Oneida 15 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 507,845 243,260 264,580 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,320 12,275 12,045 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 35 15 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 2,180 970 1,210 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 10 0 15 0 15
Oromo 180 90 90 190 110 80
Somali 1,985 865 1,115 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,380 11,435 10,945 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 2,805 1,340 1,460 1,755 905 855
Arabic 17,650 9,140 8,515 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 115 90 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 15 545 270 275
Harari 595 300 295 55 35 20
Hebrew 560 295 260 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 575 285 290 165 90 80
Tigrigna 930 425 505 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 30 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,760 2,125 2,635 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 150 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 4,515 2,015 2,495 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 50,870 21,505 29,360 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 195 90 110 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,720 710 1,005 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 605 275 330 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 2,815 1,100 1,715 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 10 10 0 0
Malay 1,325 610 710 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 420 190 230 775 350 430
Pangasinan 125 55 70 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,315 20,355 27,960 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 195 65 125 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 4,175 1,835 2,340 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 290 120 170 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 2,280 1,020 1,265 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 730 960 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 72,890 35,915 36,975 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 655 365 295 445 210 235
Malayalam 4,595 2,420 2,175 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 66,160 32,340 33,825 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 2,590 1,430 1,160 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 30 40 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 223,830 110,440 113,390 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,585 755 830 1,135 580 555
Armenian 4,720 2,235 2,490 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 27,660 13,005 14,650 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 560 215 340 635 310 325
Latvian 385 165 220 310 175 140
Lithuanian 180 55 120 325 135 185
Slavic languages 27,155 12,805 14,355 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 45 25 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 150 90 65 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 730 360 365 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,515 775 740 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,265 590 680 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 6,075 2,955 3,115 345 180 160
Polish 8,575 3,875 4,700 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 4,660 2,115 2,545 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,015 1,035 985 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 1,240 595 645
Slovak 650 265 380 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 610 270 345 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,830 1,270 1,555 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 250 120 125
Celtic languages 385 200 185 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 190 105 85 350 225 120
Welsh 55 20 30 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 685 370 320
Germanic languages 19,425 9,195 10,230 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 600 255 345 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 480 185 295 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 5,030 2,385 2,650 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 155 85 70 120 55 65
German 12,990 6,255 6,735 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 35 10 25 215 110 100
Norwegian 155 75 80 1,405 730 680
Swedish 405 180 230 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 35 65 220 125 100
Yiddish 50 15 30 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 14,325 6,955 7,370 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 112,495 57,415 55,085 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 96,775 49,345 47,430 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 16,590 8,400 8,190 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 20,460 10,540 9,920 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 29,905 15,655 14,255 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 55 30 25 45 25 20
Konkani 950 450 500 375 185 190
Marathi 1,140 590 550 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,225 630 600 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 85 40 50 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,070 6,805 6,265 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 1,785 835 950 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,470 2,695 2,775 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 34,370 17,425 16,945 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 17,350 8,890 8,455 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 505 320 180 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 3,195 1,730 1,465 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 14,865 7,545 7,325 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 290 195 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 48,610 23,365 25,245 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 17,595 8,860 8,730 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 7,180 3,420 3,755 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,670 1,700 1,975 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 21,740 10,180 11,560 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 220 130 85
Japanese 2,145 885 1,265 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 95 30 60 90 50 40
Georgian 95 35 60 90 50 45
Korean 3,345 1,535 1,810 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 75 35 35 320 155 170
Mongolian 75 35 40 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 7,090 3,360 3,725 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 1,060 500 555 495 280 215
Bamanankan 55 35 20 20 10 10
Edo 225 85 135 115 65 55
Ewe 125 60 60 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 40 60 45 10 35
Ga 165 60 100 95 60 35
Ganda 120 45 75 105 60 45
Igbo 340 160 185 240 140 95
Lingala 650 305 345 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 70 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 90 90 210 95 115
Shona 290 145 150 265 125 140
Swahili 1,940 950 985 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 65 40 25 30 15 15
Yoruba 1,135 560 575 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,370 630 745 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 45 300 150 150
Dinka 20 15 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,255 890 1,365 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,285 435 850 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 480 540 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,085 57,245 63,840 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 120,600 56,995 63,605 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 67,245 31,035 36,210 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 1,980 865 1,115 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 63,195 30,105 33,095 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 315 135 185 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,735 1,300 1,440 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,190 545 645 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,085 1,425 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 540 280 265 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 200 90 110 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 295 160 135 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 565 265 305 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 220 120 100 1,125 505 620
Thai 380 155 230 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,965 1,015 950 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 55 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,655 880 775 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 75 45 30 105 50 55
Uzbek 90 25 65 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 5,000 2,370 2,635 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 610 255 360 495 205 295
Finnish 780 340 440 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,620 1,785 1,835 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 435 210 225 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,528,900 742,790 786,110 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,411,035 686,095 724,945 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 293,580 150,390 143,190 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,117,460 535,705 581,755 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 117,860 56,700 61,165 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,528,900 742,795 786,105 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 993,450 491,075 502,375 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,390 240,860 274,525 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 137,675 63,830 73,840 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 73,935 34,855 39,080 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 121,415 56,595 64,820 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 129,670 60,955 68,715 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 68,320 32,305 36,020 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 61,350 28,645 32,695 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,700 24,625 28,075 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 20,065 10,860 9,205 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,385 240,865 274,525 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 42,715 21,680 21,035 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 86,910 43,460 43,450 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 115,840 50,965 64,875 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 215,675 100,895 114,780 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 54,250 23,860 30,385 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,390 240,860 274,525 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 96,965 42,000 54,960 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 795 335 465 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,325 610 715 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,485 755 730 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 24,365 10,655 13,710 920 415 500
Haiti 1,160 510 650 265 110 160
Jamaica 27,620 11,435 16,190 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,285 545 740 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 760 345 415 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 13,625 6,040 7,590 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,785 3,930 4,855 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 15,760 6,850 8,915 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 98,230 46,795 51,435 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 280 265 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,050 550 505 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 875 430 450 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 6,965 3,435 3,530 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 7,125 3,410 3,715 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 2,040 975 1,065 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,975 915 1,060 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 8,910 4,610 4,300 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 4,195 2,125 2,065 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 5,760 2,605 3,150 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 3,440 1,650 1,785 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 3,325 1,530 1,795 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,500 650 845 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,250 635 625 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,130 465 660 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 36,890 17,255 19,635 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 11,255 5,265 5,990 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 23,695 11,605 12,090 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 175 80 95 430 270 150
Egypt 2,780 1,435 1,345 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,715 1,300 1,415 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,810 815 990 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 335 160 175 730 385 340
Nigeria 2,170 1,090 1,085 1,205 630 575
Somalia 1,205 500 700 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 880 840 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 10,785 5,335 5,455 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 295,100 139,790 155,310 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 7,875 3,955 3,925 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 12,130 6,090 6,040 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 63,700 29,185 34,510 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 18,415 8,675 9,740 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 39,475 19,710 19,765 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,075 1,680 1,400 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,195 1,070 1,125 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 820 265 555 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,610 1,255 1,360 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 3,165 1,750 1,420 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 19,810 10,030 9,780 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 48,910 20,940 27,975 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 47,735 23,165 24,570 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,320 1,135 1,185 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 1,785 750 1,035 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,995 2,685 3,310 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 15,085 7,465 7,625 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,400 670 730 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,700 24,625 28,075 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 6,115 2,905 3,210 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 155 65 90 960 445 520
Colombia 190 95 95 465 220 240
Cuba 150 80 75 70 35 30
Haiti 445 215 235 15 0 10
Jamaica 1,565 835 735 160 115 45
Mexico 230 95 135 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,000 490 510 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 115 50 65 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 2,250 985 1,265 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,455 1,150 1,295 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 115 45 70 790 415 370
Germany 120 50 70 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 40 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 200 110 90