Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Central East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,550,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,498,683  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 607,991  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 559,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 100.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,394.87  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,550,535 751,085 799,445 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 252,285 129,135 123,145 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 79,455 40,785 38,665 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 86,450 44,250 42,200 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 86,380 44,100 42,275 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,028,010 500,845 527,160 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 96,415 49,400 47,010 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 103,865 53,665 50,200 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 94,440 47,275 47,170 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 92,785 44,750 48,035 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 91,075 42,835 48,235 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 95,550 45,265 50,280 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 105,980 50,060 55,925 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 126,940 61,100 65,835 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 118,990 57,715 61,280 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 101,970 48,790 53,185 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 270,245 121,105 149,140 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 88,270 41,820 46,445 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 62,630 29,590 33,040 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 46,755 21,055 25,700 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 35,890 15,725 20,160 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 36,700 12,910 23,785 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 23,100 8,910 14,195 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 10,620 3,305 7,315 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 2,600 635 1,965 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 375 60 315 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.2 15.4 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.7 65.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 17.4 16.1 18.7 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.0 43.6 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 559,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 328,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 88,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 140,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 23,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 49,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 28,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 37,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 559,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 121,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 177,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 99,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 95,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 66,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,528,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,298,250 621,950 676,300 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 737,340 368,160 369,180 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 645,385 322,310 323,075 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 91,945 45,845 46,105 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 560,915 253,795 307,120 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 367,660 193,260 174,405 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 39,430 15,980 23,450 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 76,955 29,175 47,780 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 76,870 15,385 61,490 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 443,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 204,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 104,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 94,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 39,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 443,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 358,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 312,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 45,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 85,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 69,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 358,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 153,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 204,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 79,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 87,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 37,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 85,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 50,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 9,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 216,825 97,875 118,950 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 559,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 396,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 136,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 260,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 22,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 140,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 121,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,387,170 683,460 703,710 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,170 485 685 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 95,825 40,590 55,240 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 51,565 21,095 30,470 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,459,055 713,200 745,855 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 18,615 8,490 10,125 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 7,365 3,290 4,075 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 50,695 20,650 30,045 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,295 10,130 12,165 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,492,890 725,070 767,820 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,079,305 528,145 551,160 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 1,061,490 520,040 541,450 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 17,815 8,110 9,705 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 413,580 196,920 216,665 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 245 105 135 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 185 80 105 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 60 75 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 130 55 70 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 5 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 5 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 5 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 0 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 413,345 196,810 216,530 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,215 8,645 8,570 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 30 15 10 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 10 5 5 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,520 665 855 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 165 85 85 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,335 575 760 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 15,625 7,940 7,685 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,875 865 1,010 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 11,740 6,095 5,645 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 85 80 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 405 185 225 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 120 75 45 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 440 220 220 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 805 380 420 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,510 1,575 1,940 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 3,310 1,490 1,820 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 39,510 16,660 22,845 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 140 60 80 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,205 510 700 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 10 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 520 215 305 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,840 755 1,085 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 5 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 670 310 365 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 335 160 175 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 120 50 70 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,425 14,515 19,915 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 55 20 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 65 115 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 1,480 660 815 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 125 50 70 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 945 435 515 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 175 235 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 56,780 27,740 29,035 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 255 135 115 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 3,340 1,760 1,580 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 51,305 24,805 26,500 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 1,830 1,010 820 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 170,335 83,455 86,875 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,235 600 635 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 3,845 1,840 2,000 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 22,965 10,580 12,385 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 550 230 320 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 385 160 225 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 165 70 95 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 22,415 10,350 12,065 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 35 10 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 120 50 65 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 640 300 340 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 980 505 480 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 950 435 515 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 4,625 2,230 2,395 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 7,635 3,455 4,180 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 2,595 1,115 1,475 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,280 655 620 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 170 80 85 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 540 230 310 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 260 295 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 2,200 955 1,245 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 140 70 70 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 70 35 40 1,090 540 550
Welsh 50 20 25 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,025 6,910 8,120 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 195 95 100 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 410 200 210 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 4,495 2,135 2,365 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 140 65 70 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 9,265 4,195 5,065 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 25 15 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 105 45 60 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 235 100 135 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 40 75 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 35 20 15 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 9,950 4,885 5,065 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 83,575 42,205 41,365 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 68,765 34,675 34,090 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 13,185 6,595 6,585 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 15,030 7,670 7,360 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 6,050 3,100 2,955 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 35 15 20 565 300 265
Konkani 430 200 225 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 645 325 320 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 915 470 445 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 40 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,535 3,390 3,150 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 940 435 505 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,260 1,070 1,190 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 22,650 11,350 11,300 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 14,505 7,375 7,130 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 410 240 170 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 2,145 1,095 1,050 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 11,950 6,040 5,910 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 300 155 145 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 33,605 16,370 17,240 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 10 5 865 440 425
Italian 12,570 6,430 6,140 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 5,840 2,790 3,050 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 3,100 1,450 1,650 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 12,075 5,690 6,390 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 720 380 340
Japanese 980 350 635 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 45 15 30 1,715 910 805
Georgian 50 20 25 1,715 910 805
Korean 2,940 1,350 1,590 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 25 10 20 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,635 1,815 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 700 340 355 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 130 60 70 1,670 770 900
Ewe 60 30 35 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 30 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 60 25 40 920 445 470
Ganda 65 25 35 1,295 625 665
Igbo 210 105 105 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 140 70 75 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 40 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 40 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 195 90 105 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 645 295 355 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 30 20 10 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 440 220 220 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 550 245 305 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 35 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 5 5 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 355 190 165 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 135 70 70 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 220 125 95 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 110,310 51,525 58,785 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 109,865 51,315 58,545 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 56,810 26,155 30,655 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 1,955 865 1,090 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 44,835 21,410 23,425 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 280 135 145 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,100 1,195 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130 520 610 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,525 1,120 1,400 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 205 240 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 140 60 80 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 15 10 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 235 115 120 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 465 180 285 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 140 75 70 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 320 105 215 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,240 655 585 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,015 545 465 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 70 35 35 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 70 30 45 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 4,510 2,060 2,445 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 615 265 350 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 790 330 460 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,100 1,470 1,630 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 42,840 20,555 22,280 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,665 1,695 1,970 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 36,980 17,885 19,100 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,100 485 615 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,095 495 600 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,438,380 698,700 739,680 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,191,625 581,880 609,750 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,184,635 578,625 606,015 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 6,990 3,255 3,735 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 246,755 116,815 129,935 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 60 35 25 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 45 25 20 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 25 10 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 35 20 10 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 246,695 116,785 129,915 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,855 4,170 4,680 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 765 295 465 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 105 45 55 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 655 245 405 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 8,055 3,860 4,200 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 960 430 530 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 6,250 3,040 3,205 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 50 55 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 235 100 135 735 335 400
Hebrew 35 20 15 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 75 35 40 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 380 165 215 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,995 915 1,080 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 40 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,920 880 1,035 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 17,610 7,810 9,795 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 30 15 15 290 140 155
Cebuano 485 220 265 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 170 75 95 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 685 300 390 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 185 80 105 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 40 55 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 10 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,905 7,055 8,855 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 730 325 405 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 70 35 40 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 500 220 280 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 70 90 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 40,385 19,350 21,035 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 105 55 45 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,880 995 880 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 37,370 17,750 19,620 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 1,015 535 475 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 81,465 39,415 42,050 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 635 320 320 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 2,675 1,255 1,420 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 8,885 4,190 4,695 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 70 35 35 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 55 25 30 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 15 5 10 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 8,820 4,155 4,665 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 45 20 25 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 335 165 175 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 250 120 125 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 295 135 160 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 1,995 945 1,055 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,165 1,520 1,645 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 1,330 620 705 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 570 280 295 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 165 80 85 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 45 60 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 480 190 290 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,530 705 825 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 60 30 25 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 15 5 15 855 410 445
Dutch 240 105 135 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 5 0 185 95 90
German 1,175 545 625 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 5 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 20 5 15 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 4,110 1,940 2,165 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 50,730 25,010 25,715 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 41,595 20,560 21,035 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 8,705 4,255 4,450 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 9,430 4,715 4,715 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 3,240 1,625 1,615 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 5 5 135 70 70
Konkani 90 45 45 720 355 370
Marathi 315 160 150 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 640 325 315 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 25 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,500 1,755 1,750 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 410 185 230 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,025 510 515 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 14,180 6,950 7,230 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 9,020 4,390 4,630 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 220 125 100 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 1,365 685 680 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 7,430 3,580 3,850 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 12,895 5,990 6,905 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 5 0 355 165 190
Italian 3,670 1,615 2,055 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,865 855 1,015 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,640 775 865 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 5,710 2,745 2,970 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 405 165 240 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 25 5 15 1,040 565 475
Georgian 20 5 20 1,035 565 475
Korean 1,995 950 1,045 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 15 10 10 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 465 565 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 280 125 150 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 30 15 15 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 825 400 425
Ga 20 10 10 250 105 140
Ganda 10 0 10 345 160 185
Igbo 40 15 20 1,000 485 510
Lingala 30 10 15 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 55 30 30 1,035 475 560
Swahili 220 95 130 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 15 10 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 110 50 55 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 5 0 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 575 345 235 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 185 100 85 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 390 245 145 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 89,265 41,755 47,515 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 89,010 41,630 47,375 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 46,370 21,040 25,325 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 970 445 530 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 38,255 18,565 19,690 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 90 35 50 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 955 455 500 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 325 370 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,650 750 905 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 75 30 45 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 160 80 85 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 50 25 25 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 135 60 80 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 720 360 365 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 1,245 640 610
Turkish 610 300 305 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 50 25 20 610 315 290
Uzbek 45 15 25 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,380 640 745 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 135 50 85 975 365 610
Finnish 145 65 80 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,100 530 570 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 97,350 46,925 50,420 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 3,050 1,345 1,705 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 91,835 44,525 47,310 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 535 230 300 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,935 830 1,105 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,311,005 637,960 673,045 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 96,870 47,665 49,205 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 13,710 5,640 8,070 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 110,210 52,520 57,695 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 390 165 225 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 109,825 52,350 57,470 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 635 280 350 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,040 1,005 1,030 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,225 535 685 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,277,235 614,020 663,210 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,782 36,372 26,768 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,800 584,045 630,760 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,421 32,958 25,078 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,061,765 523,415 538,350 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,029 36,211 24,790 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 904,630 402,410 502,215 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,573 2,204 6,006 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 876,050 448,075 427,980 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,406 35,580 27,877 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,277,230 613,995 663,230 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,213,915 583,515 630,405 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,891 48,375 35,889 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,214,275 583,560 630,710 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,237 39,833 30,985 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,061,095 522,675 538,425 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,551 48,837 34,478 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 903,900 401,865 502,035 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,482 6,723 8,089 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 876,030 447,740 428,295 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,808 47,278 36,089 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,277,225 613,995 663,230 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 403,225 222,650 180,580 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,242 57,700 48,844 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,225 67,827 55,318 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.4 82.1 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.8 74.9 68.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.6 17.9 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 62,800 30,030 32,775 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 201,365 90,625 110,745 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 227,945 93,295 134,645 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 166,395 69,125 97,265 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 133,460 60,410 73,050 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 118,305 57,350 60,960 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 91,900 47,220 44,685 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 68,685 37,740 30,945 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 51,990 30,230 21,760 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 39,890 23,490 16,400 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 33,385 18,850 14,525 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 81,110 55,665 25,445 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 58,650 38,980 19,670 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 22,460 16,690 5,770 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 62,435 29,985 32,450 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,214,800 584,045 630,755 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 206,120 91,735 114,385 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 236,810 97,300 139,510 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 191,130 81,100 110,035 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 160,070 75,005 85,065 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 133,145 66,945 66,195 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 93,005 50,655 42,355 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 64,775 38,150 26,620 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 48,225 27,890 20,330 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 81,525 55,265 26,265 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 30,380 18,675 11,705 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 17,030 11,605 5,425 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 34,115 24,980 9,135 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 401,175 165,945 235,235 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 876,050 448,075 427,975 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 68.6 73.0 64.5 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 134,425 68,570 65,860 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 75,255 33,720 41,535 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 119,490 55,075 64,420 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 95,500 43,235 52,265 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 88,165 41,045 47,115 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 79,845 38,380 41,470 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 65,665 34,065 31,600 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 50,750 28,195 22,555 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 40,300 23,735 16,570 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 126,650 82,065 44,595 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 32,680 19,480 13,200 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 29,120 16,165 12,960 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 64,850 46,420 18,430 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 559,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,028  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,537  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,121  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,811  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 438,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 559,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,923  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 438,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,611  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 559,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 21,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 22,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 43,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 40,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 191,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 44,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 35,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 559,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 8,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 22,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 23,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 27,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 51,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 144,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 46,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 427,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,826  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 132,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,318  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 205,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,787  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 75,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 426,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,722  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 132,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 205,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,541  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,999  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 74,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,946  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,895 81,930 90,965 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,528 30,887 28,555 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,354 28,220 26,742 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 172,660 82,170 90,490 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,438 41,370 37,683 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,464 34,384 32,629 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,528,935 742,825 786,115 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 772,905 366,735 406,170 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 157,650 76,130 81,520 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 161,225 73,350 87,875 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 152,750 71,850 80,905 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 150,670 72,090 78,575 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 150,615 73,315 77,295 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 756,030 376,085 379,945 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 152,555 74,670 77,880 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 156,585 77,140 79,455 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 158,880 78,995 79,885 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 160,725 80,475 80,250 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 127,280 64,805 62,475 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,526,890 741,830 785,055 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 306,745 156,850 149,900 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 95,875 49,185 46,690 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 966,140 468,760 497,375 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 254,000 116,220 137,780 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 228,200 106,135 122,060 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 62,225 31,635 30,585 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 20,765 10,585 10,185 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 134,750 62,550 72,200 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 31,230 11,950 19,280 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.3 15.5 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.2 20.4 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.3 14.5 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.3 14.0 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 158,985 76,685 82,295 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 41,030 20,895 20,135 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 13,975 7,135 6,840 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 104,255 50,645 53,610 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 13,700 5,150 8,550 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.3 10.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.4 13.3 13.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.4 6.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,528,905 742,795 786,110 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,477,745 721,575 756,170 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,476,740 721,125 755,615 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 96,110 41,055 55,060 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 508,595 243,580 265,015 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 765 320 445 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 675 275 400 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 15 60 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 0 10 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 40 10 30 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 590 255 335 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 585 255 330 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 15 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 15 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 60 35 20 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 45 35 15 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 15 0 10 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 507,845 243,260 264,580 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,320 12,275 12,045 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 35 15 20 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,180 970 1,210 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 10 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 180 90 90 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,985 865 1,115 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 22,380 11,435 10,945 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 2,805 1,340 1,460 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 17,650 9,140 8,515 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 115 90 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 15 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 595 300 295 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 560 295 260 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 575 285 290 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 930 425 505 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 30 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,760 2,125 2,635 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 150 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 4,515 2,015 2,495 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 50,870 21,505 29,360 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 195 90 110 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,720 710 1,005 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 605 275 330 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,815 1,100 1,715 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 10 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,325 610 710 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 420 190 230 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 125 55 70 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,315 20,355 27,960 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 195 65 125 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 4,175 1,835 2,340 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 290 120 170 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 2,280 1,020 1,265 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 730 960 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 72,890 35,915 36,975 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 655 365 295 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 4,595 2,420 2,175 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 66,160 32,340 33,825 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 2,590 1,430 1,160 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 30 40 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 223,830 110,440 113,390 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,585 755 830 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 4,720 2,235 2,490 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 27,660 13,005 14,650 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 560 215 340 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 385 165 220 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 180 55 120 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 27,155 12,805 14,355 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 45 25 15 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 150 90 65 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 730 360 365 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,515 775 740 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,265 590 680 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 6,075 2,955 3,115 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 8,575 3,875 4,700 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 4,660 2,115 2,545 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,015 1,035 985 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 650 265 380 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 610 270 345 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 2,830 1,270 1,555 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 385 200 185 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 190 105 85 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 55 20 30 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 19,425 9,195 10,230 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 600 255 345 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 480 185 295 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 5,030 2,385 2,650 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 155 85 70 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 12,990 6,255 6,735 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 35 10 25 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 155 75 80 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 405 180 230 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 35 65 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 50 15 30 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 14,325 6,955 7,370 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 112,495 57,415 55,085 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 96,775 49,345 47,430 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 16,590 8,400 8,190 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 20,460 10,540 9,920 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 29,905 15,655 14,255 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 55 30 25 905 490 420
Konkani 950 450 500 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,140 590 550 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,225 630 600 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 85 40 50 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,070 6,805 6,265 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 1,785 835 950 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,470 2,695 2,775 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 34,370 17,425 16,945 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 17,350 8,890 8,455 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 505 320 180 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 3,195 1,730 1,465 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 14,865 7,545 7,325 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 290 195 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 48,610 23,365 25,245 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 10 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 17,595 8,860 8,730 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 7,180 3,420 3,755 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 3,670 1,700 1,975 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 21,740 10,180 11,560 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,145 885 1,265 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 95 30 60 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 95 35 60 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 3,345 1,535 1,810 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 75 35 35 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 75 35 40 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 7,090 3,360 3,725 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,060 500 555 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 55 35 20 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 225 85 135 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 125 60 60 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 40 60 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 165 60 100 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 120 45 75 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 340 160 185 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 650 305 345 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 70 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 90 90 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 290 145 150 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,940 950 985 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 65 40 25 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 1,135 560 575 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,370 630 745 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 45 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 20 15 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,255 890 1,365 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,285 435 850 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 480 540 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,085 57,245 63,840 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 120,600 56,995 63,605 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 67,245 31,035 36,210 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 1,980 865 1,115 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 63,195 30,105 33,095 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 315 135 185 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,735 1,300 1,440 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,190 545 645 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,085 1,425 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 540 280 265 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 200 90 110 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 295 160 135 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 565 265 305 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 220 120 100 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 380 155 230 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 1,965 1,015 950 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 110 55 50 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,655 880 775 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 75 45 30 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 90 25 65 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 5,000 2,370 2,635 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 610 255 360 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 780 340 440 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 3,620 1,785 1,835 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 435 210 225 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,528,900 742,790 786,110 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,411,035 686,095 724,945 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 293,580 150,390 143,190 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,117,460 535,705 581,755 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 117,860 56,700 61,165 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,528,900 742,795 786,105 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 993,450 491,075 502,375 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,390 240,860 274,525 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 137,675 63,830 73,840 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 73,935 34,855 39,080 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 121,415 56,595 64,820 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 129,670 60,955 68,715 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 68,320 32,305 36,020 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 61,350 28,645 32,695 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,700 24,625 28,075 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 20,065 10,860 9,205 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,385 240,865 274,525 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 42,715 21,680 21,035 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 86,910 43,460 43,450 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 115,840 50,965 64,875 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 215,675 100,895 114,780 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 54,250 23,860 30,385 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,390 240,860 274,525 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 96,965 42,000 54,960 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 795 335 465 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,325 610 715 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,485 755 730 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 24,365 10,655 13,710 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 1,160 510 650 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 27,620 11,435 16,190 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,285 545 740 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 760 345 415 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 13,625 6,040 7,590 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,785 3,930 4,855 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 15,760 6,850 8,915 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 98,230 46,795 51,435 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 280 265 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,050 550 505 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 875 430 450 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 6,965 3,435 3,530 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 7,125 3,410 3,715 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 2,040 975 1,065 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,975 915 1,060 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 8,910 4,610 4,300 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 4,195 2,125 2,065 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 5,760 2,605 3,150 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 3,440 1,650 1,785 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 3,325 1,530 1,795 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 1,500 650 845 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,250 635 625 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 1,130 465 660 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 36,890 17,255 19,635 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 11,255 5,265 5,990 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 23,695 11,605 12,090 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 175 80 95 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,780 1,435 1,345 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,715 1,300 1,415 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,810 815 990 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 335 160 175 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 2,170 1,090 1,085 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,205 500 700 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 880 840 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 10,785 5,335 5,455 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 295,100 139,790 155,310 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 7,875 3,955 3,925 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 12,130 6,090 6,040 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 63,700 29,185 34,510 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong Kong