Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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Characteristic Central East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,550,531 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,498,683 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 607,991 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 559,294 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 100.7 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,394.87 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,550,535 751,085 799,445 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 252,285 129,135 123,145 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 79,455 40,785 38,665 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 86,450 44,250 42,200 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 86,380 44,100 42,275 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 1,028,010 500,845 527,160 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 96,415 49,400 47,010 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 103,865 53,665 50,200 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 94,440 47,275 47,170 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 92,785 44,750 48,035 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 91,075 42,835 48,235 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 95,550 45,265 50,280 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 105,980 50,060 55,925 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 126,940 61,100 65,835 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 118,990 57,715 61,280 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 101,970 48,790 53,185 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 270,245 121,105 149,140 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 88,270 41,820 46,445 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 62,630 29,590 33,040 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 46,755 21,055 25,700 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 35,890 15,725 20,160 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 36,700 12,910 23,785 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 23,100 8,910 14,195 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 10,620 3,305 7,315 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 2,600 635 1,965 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 375 60 315 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.2 15.4 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.7 65.9 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 17.4 16.1 18.7 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 42.4 41.0 43.6 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 559,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 328,745 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 88,840 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 140,910 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,915 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 49,705 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 28,530 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 37,475 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,285 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 805 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 559,290 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 121,005 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 177,700 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 99,100 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 95,170 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 66,320 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,528,935 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,298,250 621,950 676,300 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 737,340 368,160 369,180 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 645,385 322,310 323,075 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 91,945 45,845 46,105 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 560,915 253,795 307,120 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 367,660 193,260 174,405 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 39,430 15,980 23,450 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 76,955 29,175 47,780 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 76,870 15,385 61,490 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 443,380 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 204,690 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 104,005 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 94,905 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,780 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 443,380 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 358,095 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 312,155 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 45,940 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 85,285 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 69,255 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 16,030 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 358,095 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 153,700 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 204,390 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 79,640 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 87,465 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 37,290 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 85,285 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 50,985 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 24,370 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 9,925 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 216,825 97,875 118,950 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 559,290 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 396,655 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 136,395 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 260,255 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 22,580 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 140,065 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 121,010 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,055 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 1,387,170 683,460 703,710 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 1,170 485 685 1,485 680 800
English and French 95,825 40,590 55,240 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 51,565 21,095 30,470 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 1,459,055 713,200 745,855 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 18,615 8,490 10,125 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 7,365 3,290 4,075 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 50,695 20,650 30,045 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,295 10,130 12,165 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 1,492,890 725,070 767,820 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 1,079,305 528,145 551,160 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 1,061,490 520,040 541,450 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 17,815 8,110 9,705 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 413,580 196,920 216,665 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 245 105 135 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 185 80 105 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 60 75 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 130 55 70 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 5 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 5 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 413,345 196,810 216,530 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,215 8,645 8,570 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 30 15 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,520 665 855 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 5 5 155 85 70
Oromo 165 85 85 345 175 170
Somali 1,335 575 760 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 10 0
Semitic languages 15,625 7,940 7,685 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 1,875 865 1,010 1,770 885 885
Arabic 11,740 6,095 5,645 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 85 80 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 0 0 0
Harari 405 185 225 0 0 0
Hebrew 120 75 45 545 320 225
Maltese 440 220 220 40 20 25
Tigrigna 805 380 420 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,510 1,575 1,940 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105 280 135 145
Vietnamese 3,310 1,490 1,820 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 39,510 16,660 22,845 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 140 60 80 175 80 95
Cebuano 1,205 510 700 1,245 565 675
Fijian 10 5 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 520 215 305 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,840 755 1,085 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 5 5 0 0 5
Malay 670 310 365 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 335 160 175 655 315 340
Pangasinan 120 50 70 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,425 14,515 19,915 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 55 20 35 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 65 115 150 70 85
Creole languages 1,480 660 815 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 125 50 70 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 945 435 515 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 175 235 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 56,780 27,740 29,035 1,565 825 735
Kannada 255 135 115 95 50 40
Malayalam 3,340 1,760 1,580 790 410 380
Tamil 51,305 24,805 26,500 480 255 230
Telugu 1,830 1,010 820 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 170,335 83,455 86,875 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 1,235 600 635 350 170 180
Armenian 3,845 1,840 2,000 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 22,965 10,580 12,385 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 550 230 320 165 65 95
Latvian 385 160 225 80 35 45
Lithuanian 165 70 95 85 35 45
Slavic languages 22,415 10,350 12,065 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 35 10 20 40 20 25
Bosnian 120 50 65 575 285 290
Bulgarian 640 300 340 140 70 65
Croatian 980 505 480 1,030 505 530
Czech 950 435 515 615 310 310
Macedonian 4,625 2,230 2,395 145 70 75
Polish 7,635 3,455 4,180 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 2,595 1,115 1,475 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 1,280 655 620 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 170 80 85 240 110 130
Slovak 540 230 310 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 260 295 270 130 140
Ukrainian 2,200 955 1,245 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 75 40 30
Celtic languages 140 70 70 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 70 35 40 50 25 20
Welsh 50 20 25 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 15,025 6,910 8,120 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 195 95 100 420 220 205
Danish 410 200 210 280 145 135
Dutch 4,495 2,135 2,365 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 140 65 70 55 30 25
German 9,265 4,195 5,065 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 25 15 10 475 210 260
Norwegian 105 45 60 115 45 65
Swedish 235 100 135 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 40 75 310 125 180
Yiddish 35 20 15 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 9,950 4,885 5,065 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 83,575 42,205 41,365 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 68,765 34,675 34,090 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 13,185 6,595 6,585 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 15,030 7,670 7,360 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 6,050 3,100 2,955 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 35 15 20 5 5 5
Konkani 430 200 225 35 20 15
Marathi 645 325 320 135 80 50
Nepali 915 470 445 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 40 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,535 3,390 3,150 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 940 435 505 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,260 1,070 1,190 670 345 320
Urdu 22,650 11,350 11,300 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 14,505 7,375 7,130 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 410 240 170 415 210 200
Pashto 2,145 1,095 1,050 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 11,950 6,040 5,910 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 300 155 145 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 33,605 16,370 17,240 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 10 10 5 0 0 5
Italian 12,570 6,430 6,140 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 5,840 2,790 3,050 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 3,100 1,450 1,650 645 310 335
Spanish 12,075 5,690 6,390 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 15 5 10
Japanese 980 350 635 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 45 15 30 15 10 10
Georgian 50 20 25 15 5 5
Korean 2,940 1,350 1,590 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 20 5 15
Mongolian 25 10 20 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,635 1,815 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 700 340 355 150 90 65
Bamanankan 10 5 5 75 25 45
Edo 130 60 70 40 20 15
Ewe 60 30 35 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 30 65 35 30
Ga 60 25 40 15 10 5
Ganda 65 25 35 50 20 30
Igbo 210 105 105 280 155 130
Lingala 140 70 75 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 40 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 40 250 125 120
Shona 195 90 105 110 50 60
Swahili 645 295 355 870 420 455
Wolof 30 20 10 75 50 25
Yoruba 440 220 220 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 550 245 305 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 35 395 215 180
Dinka 5 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 225 125 100
Sign languages 355 190 165 440 230 210
American Sign Language 135 70 70 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 220 125 95 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 110,310 51,525 58,785 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 109,865 51,315 58,545 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 56,810 26,155 30,655 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 1,955 865 1,090 55 30 25
Mandarin 44,835 21,410 23,425 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 280 135 145 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,100 1,195 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130 520 610 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,525 1,120 1,400 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 205 240 575 295 285
Burmese 140 60 80 85 50 30
Karenic languages 15 10 5 430 215 220
Tibetan 235 115 120 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 465 180 285 1,120 525 595
Lao 140 75 70 875 445 430
Thai 320 105 215 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,240 655 585 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 30 20 15
Turkish 1,015 545 465 210 120 95
Uyghur 70 35 35 10 5 10
Uzbek 70 30 45 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 25 20
Uralic languages 4,510 2,060 2,445 1,440 655 790
Estonian 615 265 350 30 10 15
Finnish 790 330 460 225 85 135
Hungarian 3,100 1,470 1,630 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 155 85 70
Multiple responses 42,840 20,555 22,280 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 3,665 1,695 1,970 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 36,980 17,885 19,100 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 1,100 485 615 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 1,095 495 600 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 1,438,380 698,700 739,680 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 1,191,625 581,880 609,750 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 1,184,635 578,625 606,015 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 6,990 3,255 3,735 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 246,755 116,815 129,935 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 60 35 25 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 45 25 20 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 25 10 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 246,695 116,785 129,915 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,855 4,170 4,680 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 5 0 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 765 295 465 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 105 45 55 210 95 115
Somali 655 245 405 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 8,055 3,860 4,200 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 960 430 530 1,045 520 525
Arabic 6,250 3,040 3,205 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 50 55 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 235 100 135 0 0 0
Hebrew 35 20 15 355 195 160
Maltese 75 35 40 10 5 5
Tigrigna 380 165 215 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,995 915 1,080 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 40 125 55 70
Vietnamese 1,920 880 1,035 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 17,610 7,810 9,795 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 30 15 15 30 15 15
Cebuano 485 220 265 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 170 75 95 125 55 75
Ilocano 685 300 390 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 185 80 105 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 40 55 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 10 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,905 7,055 8,855 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 15 15
Creole languages 730 325 405 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 70 35 40 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 500 220 280 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 70 90 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 40,385 19,350 21,035 800 400 400
Kannada 105 55 45 45 25 25
Malayalam 1,880 995 880 405 195 205
Tamil 37,370 17,750 19,620 240 120 120
Telugu 1,015 535 475 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 81,465 39,415 42,050 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 635 320 320 155 80 75
Armenian 2,675 1,255 1,420 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 8,885 4,190 4,695 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 70 35 35 25 10 15
Latvian 55 25 30 15 5 5
Lithuanian 15 5 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,820 4,155 4,665 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 10 5 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 45 20 25 285 145 140
Bulgarian 335 165 175 65 30 30
Croatian 250 120 125 320 145 180
Czech 295 135 160 115 55 60
Macedonian 1,995 945 1,055 85 35 45
Polish 3,165 1,520 1,645 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 1,330 620 705 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 570 280 295 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30 90 40 50
Slovak 165 80 85 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 45 60 55 20 30
Ukrainian 480 190 290 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,530 705 825 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 60 30 25 200 100 100
Danish 15 5 15 10 5 5
Dutch 240 105 135 270 135 130
Frisian 5 5 0 10 5 5
German 1,175 545 625 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 5 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 5 5 5 10 5 5
Swedish 20 5 15 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 4,110 1,940 2,165 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 50,730 25,010 25,715 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 41,595 20,560 21,035 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 8,705 4,255 4,450 690 390 305
Gujarati 9,430 4,715 4,715 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 3,240 1,625 1,615 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 5 5 0 0 0
Konkani 90 45 45 10 5 5
Marathi 315 160 150 40 25 20
Nepali 640 325 315 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 25 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,500 1,755 1,750 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 410 185 230 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,025 510 515 360 190 170
Urdu 14,180 6,950 7,230 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 9,020 4,390 4,630 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 220 125 100 275 135 140
Pashto 1,365 685 680 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 7,430 3,580 3,850 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 12,895 5,990 6,905 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Italian 3,670 1,615 2,055 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 1,865 855 1,015 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 1,640 775 865 235 110 125
Spanish 5,710 2,745 2,970 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 405 165 240 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 25 5 15 10 5 0
Georgian 20 5 20 10 5 5
Korean 1,995 950 1,045 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 5 0 5
Mongolian 15 10 10 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 465 565 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 280 125 150 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 30 15 15 5 5 0
Ewe 10 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 35 15 15
Ga 20 10 10 5 0 0
Ganda 10 0 10 5 0 0
Igbo 40 15 20 75 40 35
Lingala 30 10 15 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 105 55 50
Shona 55 30 30 10 5 10
Swahili 220 95 130 500 240 265
Wolof 15 10 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 110 50 55 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 130 60 70
Dinka 5 0 5 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 30 25
Sign languages 575 345 235 560 310 255
American Sign Language 185 100 85 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 390 245 145 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 89,265 41,755 47,515 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 89,010 41,630 47,375 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 46,370 21,040 25,325 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 970 445 530 25 10 15
Mandarin 38,255 18,565 19,690 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 90 35 50 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 955 455 500 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 325 370 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,650 750 905 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 465 235 225
Burmese 75 30 45 55 30 25
Karenic languages 10 5 5 370 190 180
Tibetan 160 80 85 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 535 250 280
Lao 50 25 25 430 210 220
Thai 135 60 80 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 720 360 365 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 10 5 10
Turkish 610 300 305 65 35 35
Uyghur 50 25 20 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 15 25 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,380 640 745 305 140 165
Estonian 135 50 85 0 0 0
Finnish 145 65 80 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,100 530 570 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 25 20
Multiple responses 97,350 46,925 50,420 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 3,050 1,345 1,705 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 91,835 44,525 47,310 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 535 230 300 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 1,935 830 1,105 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 1,311,005 637,960 673,045 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 96,870 47,665 49,205 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 13,710 5,640 8,070 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 110,210 52,520 57,695 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 390 165 225 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 109,825 52,350 57,470 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 635 280 350 305 150 150
English and non-official language 2,040 1,005 1,030 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 1,225 535 685 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,277,235 614,020 663,210 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,782 36,372 26,768 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,800 584,045 630,760 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,421 32,958 25,078 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,061,765 523,415 538,350 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,029 36,211 24,790 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 904,630 402,410 502,215 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,573 2,204 6,006 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 876,050 448,075 427,980 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,406 35,580 27,877 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,277,230 613,995 663,230 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,213,915 583,515 630,405 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,891 48,375 35,889 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,214,275 583,560 630,710 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,237 39,833 30,985 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,061,095 522,675 538,425 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,551 48,837 34,478 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 903,900 401,865 502,035 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,482 6,723 8,089 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 876,030 447,740 428,295 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,808 47,278 36,089 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,277,225 613,995 663,230 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 403,225 222,650 180,580 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,242 57,700 48,844 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,225 67,827 55,318 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.4 82.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.8 74.9 68.1 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.6 17.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 62,800 30,030 32,775 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 201,365 90,625 110,745 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 227,945 93,295 134,645 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 166,395 69,125 97,265 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 133,460 60,410 73,050 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 118,305 57,350 60,960 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 91,900 47,220 44,685 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 68,685 37,740 30,945 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 51,990 30,230 21,760 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 39,890 23,490 16,400 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 33,385 18,850 14,525 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 81,110 55,665 25,445 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 58,650 38,980 19,670 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 22,460 16,690 5,770 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 62,435 29,985 32,450 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 1,214,800 584,045 630,755 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 206,120 91,735 114,385 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 236,810 97,300 139,510 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 191,130 81,100 110,035 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 160,070 75,005 85,065 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 133,145 66,945 66,195 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 93,005 50,655 42,355 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 64,775 38,150 26,620 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 48,225 27,890 20,330 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 81,525 55,265 26,265 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 30,380 18,675 11,705 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 17,030 11,605 5,425 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 34,115 24,980 9,135 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 401,175 165,945 235,235 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 876,050 448,075 427,975 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 68.6 73.0 64.5 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 134,425 68,570 65,860 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 75,255 33,720 41,535 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 119,490 55,075 64,420 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 95,500 43,235 52,265 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 88,165 41,045 47,115 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 79,845 38,380 41,470 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 65,665 34,065 31,600 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 50,750 28,195 22,555 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 40,300 23,735 16,570 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 126,650 82,065 44,595 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 32,680 19,480 13,200 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 29,120 16,165 12,960 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 64,850 46,420 18,430 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 559,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,028 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,537 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,005 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,121 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,811 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 438,285 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,534 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,128 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 559,290 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,923 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,503 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,005 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,965 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,778 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 438,285 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,611 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,195 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 559,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,530 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,845 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,055 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,160 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,755 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 21,175 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 22,385 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,850 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,430 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,415 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 43,600 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 40,850 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,710 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,660 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,545 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 191,330 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,975 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 44,390 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,945 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 35,020 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 559,295 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,015 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,945 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,245 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,915 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 22,815 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 23,430 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,550 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 27,035 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,210 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,910 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 51,660 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,625 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,495 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,625 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,450 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 144,360 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,275 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,840 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,235 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 427,055 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,826 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,472 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 132,620 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,375 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,318 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 205,330 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,108 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,787 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 75,295 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,163 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,133 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 426,760 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,203 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,722 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 132,505 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,398 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,173 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 205,610 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,541 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,999 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 74,915 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,055 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,946 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,895 81,930 90,965 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,528 30,887 28,555 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,354 28,220 26,742 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 172,660 82,170 90,490 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,438 41,370 37,683 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,464 34,384 32,629 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,528,935 742,825 786,115 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 772,905 366,735 406,170 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 157,650 76,130 81,520 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 161,225 73,350 87,875 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 152,750 71,850 80,905 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 150,670 72,090 78,575 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 150,615 73,315 77,295 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 756,030 376,085 379,945 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 152,555 74,670 77,880 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 156,585 77,140 79,455 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 158,880 78,995 79,885 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 160,725 80,475 80,250 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 127,280 64,805 62,475 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,526,890 741,830 785,055 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 306,745 156,850 149,900 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 95,875 49,185 46,690 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 966,140 468,760 497,375 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 254,000 116,220 137,780 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 228,200 106,135 122,060 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 62,225 31,635 30,585 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 20,765 10,585 10,185 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 134,750 62,550 72,200 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 31,230 11,950 19,280 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.3 15.5 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.2 20.4 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.3 14.5 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.3 14.0 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 158,985 76,685 82,295 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 41,030 20,895 20,135 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 13,975 7,135 6,840 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 104,255 50,645 53,610 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 13,700 5,150 8,550 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.3 10.5 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 13.4 13.3 13.4 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.4 6.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,528,905 742,795 786,110 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 1,477,745 721,575 756,170 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 1,476,740 721,125 755,615 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 96,110 41,055 55,060 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 508,595 243,580 265,015 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 765 320 445 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 675 275 400 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 15 60 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 10 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 10 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 40 10 30 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 590 255 335 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 585 255 330 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 10 10 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 60 35 20 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 35 15 15 10 10
Oneida 15 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 507,845 243,260 264,580 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,320 12,275 12,045 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 35 15 20 85 50 40
Kabyle 10 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 2,180 970 1,210 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 10 0 210 120 85
Oromo 180 90 90 535 275 260
Somali 1,985 865 1,115 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 22,380 11,435 10,945 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 2,805 1,340 1,460 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 17,650 9,140 8,515 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 115 90 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 15 10 0 0
Harari 595 300 295 0 10 0
Hebrew 560 295 260 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 575 285 290 65 30 35
Tigrigna 930 425 505 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 30 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,760 2,125 2,635 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 150 335 185 150
Vietnamese 4,515 2,015 2,495 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 50,870 21,505 29,360 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 195 90 110 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,720 710 1,005 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 605 275 330 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,815 1,100 1,715 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 1,325 610 710 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 420 190 230 945 415 530
Pangasinan 125 55 70 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,315 20,355 27,960 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 195 65 125 200 80 120
Creole languages 4,175 1,835 2,340 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 290 120 170 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 2,280 1,020 1,265 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 730 960 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 72,890 35,915 36,975 1,840 945 895
Kannada 655 365 295 175 95 80
Malayalam 4,595 2,420 2,175 830 400 430
Tamil 66,160 32,340 33,825 655 330 325
Telugu 2,590 1,430 1,160 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 30 40 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 223,830 110,440 113,390 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 1,585 755 830 390 195 195
Armenian 4,720 2,235 2,490 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 27,660 13,005 14,650 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 560 215 340 230 90 140
Latvian 385 165 220 115 45 70
Lithuanian 180 55 120 120 50 65
Slavic languages 27,155 12,805 14,355 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 45 25 15 65 25 45
Bosnian 150 90 65 835 405 430
Bulgarian 730 360 365 155 95 60
Croatian 1,515 775 740 1,595 765 825
Czech 1,265 590 680 735 335 395
Macedonian 6,075 2,955 3,115 140 75 60
Polish 8,575 3,875 4,700 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 4,660 2,115 2,545 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 2,015 1,035 985 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 190 75 115
Slovak 650 265 380 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 610 270 345 275 100 175
Ukrainian 2,830 1,270 1,555 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 70 35 30
Celtic languages 385 200 185 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 190 105 85 90 65 25
Welsh 55 20 30 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 45 15 25
Germanic languages 19,425 9,195 10,230 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 600 255 345 715 330 385
Danish 480 185 295 270 120 150
Dutch 5,030 2,385 2,650 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 155 85 70 90 65 30
German 12,990 6,255 6,735 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 35 10 25 560 225 335
Norwegian 155 75 80 290 115 175
Swedish 405 180 230 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 35 65 270 120 155
Yiddish 50 15 30 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 14,325 6,955 7,370 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 112,495 57,415 55,085 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 96,775 49,345 47,430 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 16,590 8,400 8,190 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 20,460 10,540 9,920 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 29,905 15,655 14,255 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 55 30 25 20 15 10
Konkani 950 450 500 40 30 10
Marathi 1,140 590 550 275 170 105
Nepali 1,225 630 600 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 85 40 50 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,070 6,805 6,265 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 1,785 835 950 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,470 2,695 2,775 920 500 420
Urdu 34,370 17,425 16,945 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 17,350 8,890 8,455 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 505 320 180 600 295 305
Pashto 3,195 1,730 1,465 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 14,865 7,545 7,325 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 290 195 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 48,610 23,365 25,245 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 10 10 10 15 10 10
Italian 17,595 8,860 8,730 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 7,180 3,420 3,755 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 3,670 1,700 1,975 785 395 390
Spanish 21,740 10,180 11,560 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 60 45 15
Japanese 2,145 885 1,265 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 95 30 60 10 0 15
Georgian 95 35 60 15 0 15
Korean 3,345 1,535 1,810 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 75 35 35 55 20 35
Mongolian 75 35 40 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 7,090 3,360 3,725 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 1,060 500 555 260 165 95
Bamanankan 55 35 20 160 95 65
Edo 225 85 135 95 60 30
Ewe 125 60 60 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 40 60 50 25 25
Ga 165 60 100 30 10 15
Ganda 120 45 75 230 110 120
Igbo 340 160 185 665 345 325
Lingala 650 305 345 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 70 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 90 90 305 155 155
Shona 290 145 150 250 110 140
Swahili 1,940 950 985 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 65 40 25 150 85 70
Yoruba 1,135 560 575 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,370 630 745 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 45 410 225 185
Dinka 20 15 10 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35 225 120 105
Sign languages 2,255 890 1,365 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,285 435 850 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 480 540 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,085 57,245 63,840 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 120,600 56,995 63,605 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 67,245 31,035 36,210 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 1,980 865 1,115 50 30 20
Mandarin 63,195 30,105 33,095 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 315 135 185 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,735 1,300 1,440 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,190 545 645 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,085 1,425 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 540 280 265 675 310 370
Burmese 200 90 110 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 295 160 135 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 565 265 305 1,565 730 835
Lao 220 120 100 1,120 520 600
Thai 380 155 230 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,965 1,015 950 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 110 55 50 50 25 30
Turkish 1,655 880 775 365 180 185
Uyghur 75 45 30 30 15 10
Uzbek 90 25 65 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 45 15 30
Uralic languages 5,000 2,370 2,635 1,550 730 815
Estonian 610 255 360 45 20 25
Finnish 780 340 440 265 105 160
Hungarian 3,620 1,785 1,835 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 435 210 225 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,528,900 742,790 786,110 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,411,035 686,095 724,945 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 293,580 150,390 143,190 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,117,460 535,705 581,755 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 117,860 56,700 61,165 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,528,900 742,795 786,105 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 993,450 491,075 502,375 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,390 240,860 274,525 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 137,675 63,830 73,840 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 73,935 34,855 39,080 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 121,415 56,595 64,820 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 129,670 60,955 68,715 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 68,320 32,305 36,020 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 61,350 28,645 32,695 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,700 24,625 28,075 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 20,065 10,860 9,205 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,385 240,865 274,525 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 42,715 21,680 21,035 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 86,910 43,460 43,450 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 115,840 50,965 64,875 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 215,675 100,895 114,780 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 54,250 23,860 30,385 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,390 240,860 274,525 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 96,965 42,000 54,960 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 795 335 465 435 170 265
Colombia 1,325 610 715 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,485 755 730 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 24,365 10,655 13,710 1,135 515 620
Haiti 1,160 510 650 155 75 80
Jamaica 27,620 11,435 16,190 1,810 835 970
Mexico 1,285 545 740 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 760 345 415 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 13,625 6,040 7,590 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,785 3,930 4,855 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 15,760 6,850 8,915 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 98,230 46,795 51,435 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 280 265 1,055 530 525
Croatia 1,050 550 505 975 445 535
France 875 430 450 795 425 365
Germany 6,965 3,435 3,530 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 7,125 3,410 3,715 820 445 375
Hungary 2,040 975 1,065 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,975 915 1,060 650 310 340
Italy 8,910 4,610 4,300 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 4,195 2,125 2,065 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 5,760 2,605 3,150 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 3,440 1,650 1,785 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 3,325 1,530 1,795 720 345 375
Russian Federation 1,500 650 845 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,250 635 625 355 175 175
Ukraine 1,130 465 660 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 36,890 17,255 19,635 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 11,255 5,265 5,990 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 23,695 11,605 12,090 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 175 80 95 115 60 55
Egypt 2,780 1,435 1,345 980 525 455
Ethiopia 2,715 1,300 1,415 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 1,810 815 990 935 470 465
Morocco 335 160 175 250 140 110
Nigeria 2,170 1,090 1,085 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 1,205 500 700 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 880 840 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 10,785 5,335 5,455 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 295,100 139,790 155,310 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 7,875 3,955 3,925 615 285 330
Bangladesh 12,130 6,090 6,040 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 63,700 29,185 34,510 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 18,415 8,675 9,740 1,460 715 735
India 39,475 19,710 19,765 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,075 1,680 1,400 1,180 655 530
Iraq 2,195 1,070 1,125 860 460 400
Japan 820 265 555 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,610 1,255 1,360 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 3,165 1,750 1,420 265 165 100
Pakistan 19,810 10,030 9,780 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 48,910 20,940 27,975 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 47,735 23,165 24,570 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,320 1,135 1,185 805 390 410
Taiwan 1,785 750 1,035 215 110 110
Viet Nam 5,995 2,685 3,310 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 15,085 7,465 7,625 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,400 670 730 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,700 24,625 28,075 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 6,115 2,905 3,210 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 155 65 90 100 35 65
Colombia 190 95 95 185 70 120
Cuba 150 80 75 75 25 55
Haiti 445 215 235 15 10 0
Jamaica 1,565 835 735 340 175 165
Mexico 230 95 135 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,000 490 510 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 115 50 65 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 2,250 985 1,265 1,490 640 850
Europe 2,455 1,150 1,295 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 115 45 70 135 70 75
Germany 120 50 70 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 40 25 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 160 85 70
Romania 220 95 120 70 30 35
Russian Federation 115