Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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Characteristic Central East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Central East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,550,531 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,498,683 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 607,991 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 559,294 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 100.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,394.87 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,550,535 751,085 799,445 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 252,285 129,135 123,145 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 79,455 40,785 38,665 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 86,450 44,250 42,200 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 86,380 44,100 42,275 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 1,028,010 500,845 527,160 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 96,415 49,400 47,010 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 103,865 53,665 50,200 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 94,440 47,275 47,170 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 92,785 44,750 48,035 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 91,075 42,835 48,235 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 95,550 45,265 50,280 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 105,980 50,060 55,925 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 126,940 61,100 65,835 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 118,990 57,715 61,280 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 101,970 48,790 53,185 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 270,245 121,105 149,140 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 88,270 41,820 46,445 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 62,630 29,590 33,040 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 46,755 21,055 25,700 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 35,890 15,725 20,160 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 36,700 12,910 23,785 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 23,100 8,910 14,195 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 10,620 3,305 7,315 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,600 635 1,965 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 375 60 315 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.2 15.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.7 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.4 16.1 18.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.4 41.0 43.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 559,295 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 328,745 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 88,840 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 140,910 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,915 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 49,705 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 28,530 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 37,475 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,285 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 805 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 559,290 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 121,005 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 177,700 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 99,100 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 95,170 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 66,320 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,528,935 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,298,250 621,950 676,300 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 737,340 368,160 369,180 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 645,385 322,310 323,075 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 91,945 45,845 46,105 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 560,915 253,795 307,120 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 367,660 193,260 174,405 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 39,430 15,980 23,450 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 76,955 29,175 47,780 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 76,870 15,385 61,490 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 443,380 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 204,690 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 104,005 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 94,905 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,780 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 443,380 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 358,095 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 312,155 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 45,940 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 85,285 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 69,255 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 16,030 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 358,095 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 153,700 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 204,390 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 79,640 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 87,465 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 37,290 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 85,285 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 50,985 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 24,370 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 9,925 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 216,825 97,875 118,950 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 559,290 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 396,655 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 136,395 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 260,255 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 22,580 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 140,065 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 121,010 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,055 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,387,170 683,460 703,710 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,170 485 685 1,810 820 985
English and French 95,825 40,590 55,240 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 51,565 21,095 30,470 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,459,055 713,200 745,855 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 18,615 8,490 10,125 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 7,365 3,290 4,075 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 50,695 20,650 30,045 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,295 10,130 12,165 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,535,725 745,625 790,105 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,492,890 725,070 767,820 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 1,079,305 528,145 551,160 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 1,061,490 520,040 541,450 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 17,815 8,110 9,705 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 413,580 196,920 216,665 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 245 105 135 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 185 80 105 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 135 60 75 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 130 55 70 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 5 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 15 5 10 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 0 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 413,345 196,810 216,530 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,215 8,645 8,570 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 30 15 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,520 665 855 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 165 85 85 205 115 95
Somali 1,335 575 760 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 15
Semitic languages 15,625 7,940 7,685 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 1,875 865 1,010 1,370 670 700
Arabic 11,740 6,095 5,645 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 85 80 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 245 200
Harari 405 185 225 20 5 15
Hebrew 120 75 45 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 440 220 220 215 100 115
Tigrigna 805 380 420 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,510 1,575 1,940 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 3,310 1,490 1,820 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 39,510 16,660 22,845 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 140 60 80 375 165 215
Cebuano 1,205 510 700 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 520 215 305 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 1,840 755 1,085 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 5 5 20 10 15
Malay 670 310 365 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 335 160 175 700 320 380
Pangasinan 120 50 70 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 34,425 14,515 19,915 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 55 20 35 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 65 115 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 1,480 660 815 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 125 50 70 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 945 435 515 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 175 235 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 56,780 27,740 29,035 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 255 135 115 280 150 135
Malayalam 3,340 1,760 1,580 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 51,305 24,805 26,500 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 1,830 1,010 820 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 170,335 83,455 86,875 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,235 600 635 1,465 765 705
Armenian 3,845 1,840 2,000 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 22,965 10,580 12,385 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 550 230 320 1,070 485 585
Latvian 385 160 225 565 255 300
Lithuanian 165 70 95 505 225 280
Slavic languages 22,415 10,350 12,065 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 35 10 20 95 45 50
Bosnian 120 50 65 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 640 300 340 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 980 505 480 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 950 435 515 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 4,625 2,230 2,395 325 160 165
Polish 7,635 3,455 4,180 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 2,595 1,115 1,475 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,280 655 620 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 170 80 85 1,395 670 725
Slovak 540 230 310 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 260 295 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 2,200 955 1,245 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 345 175 170
Celtic languages 140 70 70 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 70 35 40 240 130 110
Welsh 50 20 25 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 15,025 6,910 8,120 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 195 95 100 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 410 200 210 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 4,495 2,135 2,365 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 140 65 70 295 145 145
German 9,265 4,195 5,065 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 25 15 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 105 45 60 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 235 100 135 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 40 75 445 220 225
Yiddish 35 20 15 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 9,950 4,885 5,065 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 83,575 42,205 41,365 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 68,765 34,675 34,090 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 13,185 6,595 6,585 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 15,030 7,670 7,360 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 6,050 3,100 2,955 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 35 15 20 65 35 25
Konkani 430 200 225 255 130 125
Marathi 645 325 320 620 325 295
Nepali 915 470 445 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 40 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,535 3,390 3,150 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 940 435 505 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,260 1,070 1,190 1,675 845 830
Urdu 22,650 11,350 11,300 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 14,505 7,375 7,130 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 410 240 170 1,765 945 825
Pashto 2,145 1,095 1,050 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 11,950 6,040 5,910 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 300 155 145 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 33,605 16,370 17,240 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 10 5 160 85 75
Italian 12,570 6,430 6,140 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 5,840 2,790 3,050 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 3,100 1,450 1,650 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 12,075 5,690 6,390 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 105 65 40
Japanese 980 350 635 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 45 15 30 85 50 35
Georgian 50 20 25 85 50 40
Korean 2,940 1,350 1,590 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 360 150 205
Mongolian 25 10 20 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,635 1,815 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 700 340 355 495 275 220
Bamanankan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Edo 130 60 70 85 50 35
Ewe 60 30 35 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 30 45 25 20
Ga 60 25 40 45 20 25
Ganda 65 25 35 90 45 45
Igbo 210 105 105 245 145 105
Lingala 140 70 75 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 40 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 40 40 155 70 80
Shona 195 90 105 215 100 115
Swahili 645 295 355 805 400 405
Wolof 30 20 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 440 220 220 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 550 245 305 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 35 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 240 115 125
Sign languages 355 190 165 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 135 70 70 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 220 125 95 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 110,310 51,525 58,785 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 109,865 51,315 58,545 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 56,810 26,155 30,655 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 1,955 865 1,090 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 44,835 21,410 23,425 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 280 135 145 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,100 1,195 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130 520 610 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,525 1,120 1,400 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 205 240 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 140 60 80 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 15 10 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 235 115 120 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 465 180 285 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 140 75 70 1,100 550 550
Thai 320 105 215 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,240 655 585 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 530 290 235
Turkish 1,015 545 465 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 70 35 35 170 85 85
Uzbek 70 30 45 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 4,510 2,060 2,445 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 615 265 350 705 295 410
Finnish 790 330 460 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 3,100 1,470 1,630 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 500 280 225
Multiple responses 42,840 20,555 22,280 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 3,665 1,695 1,970 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 36,980 17,885 19,100 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,100 485 615 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,095 495 600 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,438,380 698,700 739,680 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,191,625 581,880 609,750 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,184,635 578,625 606,015 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 6,990 3,255 3,735 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 246,755 116,815 129,935 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 60 35 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 45 25 20 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 25 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 246,695 116,785 129,915 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,855 4,170 4,680 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 765 295 465 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 105 45 55 90 50 45
Somali 655 245 405 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 8,055 3,860 4,200 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 960 430 530 600 275 320
Arabic 6,250 3,040 3,205 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 50 55 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 310 165 145
Harari 235 100 135 10 5 5
Hebrew 35 20 15 900 465 440
Maltese 75 35 40 15 5 10
Tigrigna 380 165 215 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,995 915 1,080 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 40 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,920 880 1,035 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 17,610 7,810 9,795 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 30 15 15 75 30 35
Cebuano 485 220 265 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 170 75 95 415 175 240
Ilocano 685 300 390 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 185 80 105 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 40 55 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 10 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,905 7,055 8,855 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 730 325 405 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 70 35 40 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 500 220 280 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 70 90 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40,385 19,350 21,035 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 105 55 45 110 55 60
Malayalam 1,880 995 880 1,225 615 605
Tamil 37,370 17,750 19,620 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 1,015 535 475 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 81,465 39,415 42,050 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 635 320 320 695 335 360
Armenian 2,675 1,255 1,420 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,885 4,190 4,695 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 70 35 35 210 90 115
Latvian 55 25 30 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,820 4,155 4,665 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 45 20 25 595 300 300
Bulgarian 335 165 175 1,035 485 550
Croatian 250 120 125 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 295 135 160 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 1,995 945 1,055 150 75 75
Polish 3,165 1,520 1,645 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,330 620 705 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 570 280 295 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30 500 235 265
Slovak 165 80 85 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 45 60 145 65 85
Ukrainian 480 190 290 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,530 705 825 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 60 30 25 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 5 15 305 145 160
Dutch 240 105 135 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 0 10 5 5
German 1,175 545 625 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 140 60 80
Swedish 20 5 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 4,110 1,940 2,165 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 50,730 25,010 25,715 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 41,595 20,560 21,035 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 8,705 4,255 4,450 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 9,430 4,715 4,715 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 3,240 1,625 1,615 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 90 45 45 40 25 25
Marathi 315 160 150 270 140 130
Nepali 640 325 315 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 25 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,500 1,755 1,750 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 410 185 230 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,025 510 515 675 330 340
Urdu 14,180 6,950 7,230 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 9,020 4,390 4,630 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 220 125 100 1,080 540 535
Pashto 1,365 685 680 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 7,430 3,580 3,850 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 12,895 5,990 6,905 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 5 0 65 35 35
Italian 3,670 1,615 2,055 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,865 855 1,015 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,640 775 865 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,710 2,745 2,970 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 405 165 240 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 25 5 15 30 15 10
Georgian 20 5 20 30 15 15
Korean 1,995 950 1,045 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 170 80 90
Mongolian 15 10 10 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 465 565 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 280 125 150 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 30 15 15 15 10 10
Ewe 10 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 20 5 10
Ga 20 10 10 5 5 0
Ganda 10 0 10 10 5 5
Igbo 40 15 20 40 20 15
Lingala 30 10 15 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 60 25 35
Shona 55 30 30 65 25 40
Swahili 220 95 130 200 90 115
Wolof 15 10 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 110 50 55 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 85 30 55
Sign languages 575 345 235 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 185 100 85 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 390 245 145 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 89,265 41,755 47,515 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 89,010 41,630 47,375 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 46,370 21,040 25,325 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 970 445 530 700 295 410
Mandarin 38,255 18,565 19,690 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 90 35 50 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 955 455 500 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 325 370 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,650 750 905 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 1,745 885 865
Burmese 75 30 45 720 375 350
Karenic languages 10 5 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 160 80 85 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 1,380 595 785
Lao 50 25 25 460 225 235
Thai 135 60 80 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 720 360 365 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 195 105 95
Turkish 610 300 305 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 50 25 20 95 50 50
Uzbek 45 15 25 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,380 640 745 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 135 50 85 95 40 55
Finnish 145 65 80 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,100 530 570 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 97,350 46,925 50,420 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,050 1,345 1,705 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 91,835 44,525 47,310 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 535 230 300 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 1,935 830 1,105 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,535,730 745,625 790,105 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,311,005 637,960 673,045 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 96,870 47,665 49,205 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 13,710 5,640 8,070 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 110,210 52,520 57,695 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 390 165 225 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 109,825 52,350 57,470 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 635 280 350 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 2,040 1,005 1,030 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 1,225 535 685 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,277,235 614,020 663,210 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,782 36,372 26,768 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,214,800 584,045 630,760 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,421 32,958 25,078 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,061,765 523,415 538,350 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,029 36,211 24,790 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 904,630 402,410 502,215 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,573 2,204 6,006 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 876,050 448,075 427,980 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,406 35,580 27,877 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,277,230 613,995 663,230 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,213,915 583,515 630,405 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,891 48,375 35,889 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,214,275 583,560 630,710 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,237 39,833 30,985 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,061,095 522,675 538,425 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,551 48,837 34,478 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 903,900 401,865 502,035 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,482 6,723 8,089 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 876,030 447,740 428,295 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,808 47,278 36,089 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,277,225 613,995 663,230 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 403,225 222,650 180,580 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,242 57,700 48,844 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,225 67,827 55,318 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.4 82.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.8 74.9 68.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.6 17.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 62,800 30,030 32,775 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,214,430 583,995 630,435 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 201,365 90,625 110,745 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 227,945 93,295 134,645 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 166,395 69,125 97,265 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 133,460 60,410 73,050 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 118,305 57,350 60,960 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 91,900 47,220 44,685 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 68,685 37,740 30,945 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 51,990 30,230 21,760 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 39,890 23,490 16,400 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 33,385 18,850 14,525 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 81,110 55,665 25,445 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 58,650 38,980 19,670 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 22,460 16,690 5,770 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 62,435 29,985 32,450 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,214,800 584,045 630,755 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 206,120 91,735 114,385 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 236,810 97,300 139,510 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 191,130 81,100 110,035 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 160,070 75,005 85,065 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 133,145 66,945 66,195 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 93,005 50,655 42,355 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 64,775 38,150 26,620 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 48,225 27,890 20,330 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 81,525 55,265 26,265 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 30,380 18,675 11,705 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 17,030 11,605 5,425 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 34,115 24,980 9,135 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,277,230 614,025 663,210 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 401,175 165,945 235,235 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 876,050 448,075 427,975 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.6 73.0 64.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 134,425 68,570 65,860 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 75,255 33,720 41,535 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 119,490 55,075 64,420 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 95,500 43,235 52,265 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 88,165 41,045 47,115 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 79,845 38,380 41,470 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 65,665 34,065 31,600 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 50,750 28,195 22,555 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 40,300 23,735 16,570 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 126,650 82,065 44,595 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 32,680 19,480 13,200 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 29,120 16,165 12,960 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 64,850 46,420 18,430 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 559,295 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,028 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,537 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,005 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,121 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,811 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 438,285 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,534 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,128 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 559,290 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,923 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,503 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,005 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,965 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,778 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 438,285 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,611 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,195 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 559,295 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,530 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,845 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,055 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,160 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,755 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 21,175 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 22,385 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,850 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,430 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,415 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 43,600 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 40,850 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,710 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,660 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,545 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 191,330 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,975 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 44,390 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 48,945 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 35,020 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 559,295 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,015 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,945 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,245 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,915 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 22,815 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 23,430 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,550 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 27,035 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 27,210 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 26,910 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 51,660 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,625 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,495 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,625 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,450 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 144,360 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,275 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 36,840 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,235 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 427,055 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,826 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,472 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 132,620 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,375 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,318 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 205,330 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,108 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,787 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 75,295 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,163 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,133 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 426,760 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,203 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,722 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 132,505 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,398 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,173 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 205,610 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,541 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,999 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 74,915 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,055 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,946 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,895 81,930 90,965 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,528 30,887 28,555 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,354 28,220 26,742 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 172,660 82,170 90,490 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,438 41,370 37,683 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,464 34,384 32,629 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,528,935 742,825 786,115 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 772,905 366,735 406,170 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 157,650 76,130 81,520 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 161,225 73,350 87,875 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 152,750 71,850 80,905 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 150,670 72,090 78,575 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 150,615 73,315 77,295 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 756,030 376,085 379,945 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 152,555 74,670 77,880 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 156,585 77,140 79,455 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 158,880 78,995 79,885 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 160,725 80,475 80,250 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 127,280 64,805 62,475 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,526,890 741,830 785,055 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 306,745 156,850 149,900 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 95,875 49,185 46,690 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 966,140 468,760 497,375 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 254,000 116,220 137,780 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 228,200 106,135 122,060 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 62,225 31,635 30,585 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 20,765 10,585 10,185 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 134,750 62,550 72,200 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 31,230 11,950 19,280 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.3 15.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.2 20.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.3 14.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.3 14.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 158,985 76,685 82,295 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 41,030 20,895 20,135 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 13,975 7,135 6,840 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 104,255 50,645 53,610 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 13,700 5,150 8,550 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.3 10.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.4 13.3 13.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.4 6.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,528,905 742,795 786,110 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,477,745 721,575 756,170 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,476,740 721,125 755,615 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 96,110 41,055 55,060 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 508,595 243,580 265,015 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 765 320 445 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 675 275 400 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 15 60 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 40 10 30 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 590 255 335 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 585 255 330 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 15 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 60 35 20 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 35 15 25 10 15
Oneida 15 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 507,845 243,260 264,580 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,320 12,275 12,045 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 35 15 20 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 2,180 970 1,210 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 10 0 20 10 15
Oromo 180 90 90 245 140 110
Somali 1,985 865 1,115 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,380 11,435 10,945 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 2,805 1,340 1,460 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 17,650 9,140 8,515 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 115 90 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 15 570 285 285
Harari 595 300 295 55 35 20
Hebrew 560 295 260 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 575 285 290 315 155 155
Tigrigna 930 425 505 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 30 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,760 2,125 2,635 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 150 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 4,515 2,015 2,495 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 50,870 21,505 29,360 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 195 90 110 530 215 310
Cebuano 1,720 710 1,005 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 605 275 330 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 2,815 1,100 1,715 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 10 10 25 15 10
Malay 1,325 610 710 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 420 190 230 855 365 495
Pangasinan 125 55 70 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,315 20,355 27,960 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 195 65 125 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 4,175 1,835 2,340 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 290 120 170 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 2,280 1,020 1,265 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 730 960 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 72,890 35,915 36,975 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 655 365 295 510 250 265
Malayalam 4,595 2,420 2,175 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 66,160 32,340 33,825 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 2,590 1,430 1,160 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 30 40 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 223,830 110,440 113,390 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,585 755 830 1,640 840 795
Armenian 4,720 2,235 2,490 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 27,660 13,005 14,650 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 560 215 340 1,030 515 520
Latvian 385 165 220 555 290 265
Lithuanian 180 55 120 475 220 250
Slavic languages 27,155 12,805 14,355 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 45 25 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 150 90 65 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 730 360 365 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,515 775 740 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,265 590 680 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 6,075 2,955 3,115 400 220 185
Polish 8,575 3,875 4,700 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 4,660 2,115 2,545 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,015 1,035 985 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 1,525 770 750
Slovak 650 265 380 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 610 270 345 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 2,830 1,270 1,555 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75 420 215 205
Celtic languages 385 200 185 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 190 105 85 660 395 265
Welsh 55 20 30 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 860 450 410
Germanic languages 19,425 9,195 10,230 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 600 255 345 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 480 185 295 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 5,030 2,385 2,650 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 155 85 70 465 230 240
German 12,990 6,255 6,735 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 35 10 25 405 210 195
Norwegian 155 75 80 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 405 180 230 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 35 65 545 270 275
Yiddish 50 15 30 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 14,325 6,955 7,370 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 112,495 57,415 55,085 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 96,775 49,345 47,430 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 16,590 8,400 8,190 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 20,460 10,540 9,920 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 29,905 15,655 14,255 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 55 30 25 60 30 25
Konkani 950 450 500 415 215 200
Marathi 1,140 590 550 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,225 630 600 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 85 40 50 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,070 6,805 6,265 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 1,785 835 950 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,470 2,695 2,775 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 34,370 17,425 16,945 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 17,350 8,890 8,455 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 505 320 180 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 3,195 1,730 1,465 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 14,865 7,545 7,325 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 290 195 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 48,610 23,365 25,245 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 10 395 210 180
Italian 17,595 8,860 8,730 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 7,180 3,420 3,755 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 3,670 1,700 1,975 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 21,740 10,180 11,560 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 380 245 140
Japanese 2,145 885 1,265 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 95 30 60 115 55 60
Georgian 95 35 60 115 55 55
Korean 3,345 1,535 1,810 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 75 35 35 370 170 200
Mongolian 75 35 40 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 7,090 3,360 3,725 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 1,060 500 555 630 350 280
Bamanankan 55 35 20 30 20 15
Edo 225 85 135 145 80 60
Ewe 125 60 60 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 40 60 105 30 70
Ga 165 60 100 150 95 50
Ganda 120 45 75 165 80 85
Igbo 340 160 185 425 240 185
Lingala 650 305 345 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 70 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 90 90 290 125 165
Shona 290 145 150 415 220 195
Swahili 1,940 950 985 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 65 40 25 50 25 30
Yoruba 1,135 560 575 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,370 630 745 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 45 405 210 200
Dinka 20 15 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35 325 155 165
Sign languages 2,255 890 1,365 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 1,285 435 850 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 480 540 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,085 57,245 63,840 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 120,600 56,995 63,605 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 67,245 31,035 36,210 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 1,980 865 1,115 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 63,195 30,105 33,095 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 315 135 185 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,735 1,300 1,440 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,190 545 645 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,085 1,425 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 540 280 265 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 200 90 110 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 295 160 135 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 565 265 305 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 220 120 100 1,630 735 890
Thai 380 155 230 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,965 1,015 950 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 110 55 50 945 510 435
Turkish 1,655 880 775 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 75 45 30 115 60 55
Uzbek 90 25 65 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 275 140 130
Uralic languages 5,000 2,370 2,635 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 610 255 360 780 350 425
Finnish 780 340 440 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 3,620 1,785 1,835 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 435 210 225 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,528,900 742,790 786,110 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,411,035 686,095 724,945 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 293,580 150,390 143,190 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,117,460 535,705 581,755 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 117,860 56,700 61,165 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,528,900 742,795 786,105 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 993,450 491,075 502,375 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,390 240,860 274,525 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 137,675 63,830 73,840 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 73,935 34,855 39,080 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 121,415 56,595 64,820 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 129,670 60,955 68,715 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 68,320 32,305 36,020 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 61,350 28,645 32,695 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,700 24,625 28,075 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 20,065 10,860 9,205 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,385 240,865 274,525 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 42,715 21,680 21,035 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 86,910 43,460 43,450 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 115,840 50,965 64,875 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 215,675 100,895 114,780 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 54,250 23,860 30,385 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,390 240,860 274,525 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 96,965 42,000 54,960 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 795 335 465 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,325 610 715 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,485 755 730 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 24,365 10,655 13,710 1,305 600 710
Haiti 1,160 510 650 570 250 315
Jamaica 27,620 11,435 16,190 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,285 545 740 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 760 345 415 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 13,625 6,040 7,590 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,785 3,930 4,855 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 15,760 6,850 8,915 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 98,230 46,795 51,435 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 280 265 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,050 550 505 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 875 430 450 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 6,965 3,435 3,530 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 7,125 3,410 3,715 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 2,040 975 1,065 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,975 915 1,060 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 8,910 4,610 4,300 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 4,195 2,125 2,065 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 5,760 2,605 3,150 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 3,440 1,650 1,785 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 3,325 1,530 1,795 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 1,500 650 845 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,250 635 625 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,130 465 660 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 36,890 17,255 19,635 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 11,255 5,265 5,990 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 23,695 11,605 12,090 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 175 80 95 485 310 175
Egypt 2,780 1,435 1,345 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 2,715 1,300 1,415 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,810 815 990 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 335 160 175 985 535 455
Nigeria 2,170 1,090 1,085 1,740 925 815
Somalia 1,205 500 700 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 880 840 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 10,785 5,335 5,455 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 295,100 139,790 155,310 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 7,875 3,955 3,925 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 12,130 6,090 6,040 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 63,700 29,185 34,510 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 18,415 8,675 9,740 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 39,475 19,710 19,765 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,075 1,680 1,400 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,195 1,070 1,125 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 820 265 555 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,610 1,255 1,360 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,165 1,750 1,420 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 19,810 10,030 9,780 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 48,910 20,940 27,975 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 47,735 23,165 24,570 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,320 1,135 1,185 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,785 750 1,035 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 5,995 2,685 3,310 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 15,085 7,465 7,625 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,400 670 730 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,700 24,625 28,075 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 6,115 2,905 3,210 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 155 65 90 1,145 525 615
Colombia 190 95 95 580 250 325
Cuba 150 80 75 140 60 80
Haiti 445 215 235 35 35 10
Jamaica 1,565 835 735 625 355 265
Mexico 230 95 135 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,000 490 510 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 115 50 65 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,250 985 1,265 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,455 1,150 1,295 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 115 45 70 970 510 460
Germany 120 50 70 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 40 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 245 120 125
Romania 220 95 120 690 310