Census Profile, 2016 Census
South East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic South East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , South East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : South East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 482,391 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 478,262 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 237,882 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 204,032 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 26.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 18,252.97 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 482,390 235,850 246,545 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 69,680 35,595 34,080 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 21,910 11,250 10,660 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 23,930 12,120 11,815 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 23,835 12,230 11,605 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 305,340 150,755 154,585 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 26,205 13,350 12,850 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 27,805 14,190 13,615 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 26,420 13,495 12,925 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 26,015 13,035 12,980 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 25,430 12,550 12,880 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 26,400 12,965 13,435 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 30,210 14,815 15,400 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 39,120 19,160 19,965 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 40,070 19,200 20,870 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 37,665 17,990 19,670 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 107,375 49,495 57,875 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 35,575 17,105 18,470 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 26,075 12,720 13,355 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 18,775 8,895 9,880 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 13,405 5,970 7,435 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 13,545 4,810 8,735 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,415 3,360 5,055 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,940 1,180 2,765 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,055 250 800 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 130 15 110 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.1 13.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.3 63.9 62.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 22.3 21.0 23.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 44.5 43.5 45.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 47.2 45.9 48.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 204,035 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 143,505 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,100 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 46,900 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,330 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 8,570 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,050 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,225 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 725 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,535 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 204,035 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 56,740 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 81,910 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 29,415 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 23,695 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 12,265 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 470,510 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 412,710 200,255 212,460 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 247,240 124,075 123,160 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 201,215 101,170 100,045 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 46,020 22,905 23,115 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 165,475 76,180 89,300 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 95,575 51,865 43,710 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 13,540 6,245 7,300 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 27,405 11,550 15,855 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 28,960 6,520 22,435 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 142,760 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 84,080 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 27,815 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 21,965 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,895 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 142,760 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 120,990 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 97,985 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 23,005 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,770 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 16,825 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,940 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,990 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 70,270 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 50,720 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 21,915 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 20,385 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,425 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,770 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 13,815 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,900 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,060 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,485 38,105 45,380 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 204,030 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 136,655 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 67,650 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 69,000 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,025 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 64,355 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 56,740 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,610 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 473,540 230,860 242,675 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 428,125 210,425 217,700 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 555 225 325 1,110 530 580
English and French 43,590 19,660 23,930 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,265 545 720 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 473,540 230,865 242,680 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 459,315 224,040 235,280 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 12,115 5,855 6,260 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 930 460 465 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,180 505 675 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,575 6,085 6,490 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.7 2.6 2.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 473,540 230,860 242,675 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 469,550 229,005 240,550 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 442,980 216,450 226,525 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 430,595 210,455 220,135 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 12,380 5,990 6,395 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 26,575 12,555 14,015 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 60 30 25 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 25 15 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 20 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 35 20 20 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 20 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 5 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,460 12,500 13,960 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,240 655 590 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 20 10 10 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,210 635 575 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 15 5 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,080 570 510 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 50 20 30 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 30 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 205 255 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 30 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 390 175 220 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 975 295 685 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 50 10 35 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 75 20 55 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 35 10 20 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 750 235 515 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 60 30 30 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 410 215 195 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 140 70 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 200 110 95 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 20 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 18,270 8,760 9,510 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 30 10 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 50 30 25 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,305 1,580 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 135 60 75 645 280 370
Latvian 80 40 45 320 145 175
Lithuanian 55 25 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,750 1,245 1,505 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 30 15 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 50 25 30 1,725 805 915
Croatian 100 50 50 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 305 140 175 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 60 30 25 250 120 135
Polish 1,070 485 590 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 445 195 255 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 130 65 70 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 95 45 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 40 545 250 290
Ukrainian 360 160 195 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 55 20 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 125 65 60
Welsh 25 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,760 3,125 3,635 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 80 40 40 1,435 730 705
Danish 220 105 120 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,835 1,360 1,475 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 110 55 55 80 30 50
German 3,320 1,485 1,835 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 35 10 25 835 410 430
Swedish 85 35 50 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 20 5 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 795 415 380 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,630 1,380 1,255 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,055 1,080 975 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 215 115 100 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 420 220 200 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 285 155 130 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 35 20 15 535 280 255
Nepali 55 30 30 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 450 230 220 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 20 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 25 1,455 730 725
Urdu 490 270 225 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 560 290 270 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 10 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 30 15 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 515 270 245 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,065 2,475 2,585 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,190 620 575 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,105 1,030 1,075 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 185 85 95 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,565 730 840 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 170 45 125 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 720 325 395 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 190 105 85 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 10 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 0 65 35 30
Igbo 20 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 15 10 5 150 70 85
Swahili 30 10 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 195 100 95 620 330 295
American Sign Language 120 65 60 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,790 1,275 1,515 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,695 1,230 1,465 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 765 360 405 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,625 735 890 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 195 85 110 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 50 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 10 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 10 770 370 400
Tibetan 70 35 35 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 70 25 50 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 15 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 60 20 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 120 75 50 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 100 60 40 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 765 370 395 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 90 40 45 455 195 260
Finnish 230 95 140 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 450 240 215 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,985 1,855 2,130 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,650 760 885 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,080 985 1,090 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 155 65 85 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 110 40 65 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 473,540 230,865 242,680 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 467,925 228,230 239,695 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 459,020 224,015 235,000 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 454,100 221,625 232,480 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 4,920 2,400 2,525 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 8,905 4,210 4,695 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 15 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,855 4,190 4,665 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 585 280 305 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 585 280 305 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 555 270 290 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 265 115 150 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 245 105 140 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 325 135 185 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 275 115 155 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 180 95 90 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 65 30 35 885 450 435
Tamil 90 45 45 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 15 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,885 2,335 2,555 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 5 0 5 530 255 270
Armenian 25 10 10 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 725 345 385 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 25 10 15 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 705 335 370 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 5 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 60 30 35 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 285 130 155 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 185 90 90 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 35 15 20 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 50 25 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 745 345 405 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 35 15 20 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 155 65 90 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 520 245 275 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 315 150 165 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,340 660 685 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,020 495 520 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 130 65 65 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 225 110 115 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 120 60 55 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 35 15 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 120 125 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 5 595 290 305
Urdu 230 110 120 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 320 165 160 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 300 150 145 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,720 820 905 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 240 105 135 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 775 360 415 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 50 30 25 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 650 325 330 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 55 20 40 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 5 15 10 10
Korean 475 225 250 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 235 120 115 830 460 370
American Sign Language 115 60 55 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 60 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,605 745 855 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,560 730 830 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 385 180 205 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,045 495 550 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 40 55 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 20 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 40 20 25 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 25 10 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 50 25 25 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 40 20 20 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 110 60 50 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 35 20 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 75 40 35 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,610 2,630 2,980 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,055 530 525 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,355 2,025 2,330 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 50 20 30 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 150 60 90 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 473,535 230,860 242,675 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 449,525 219,785 229,745 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,465 3,125 3,340 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,630 3,365 4,260 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 9,415 4,365 5,055 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 290 130 155 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 9,130 4,230 4,900 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 110 50 65 965 435 530
English and non-official language 105 50 55 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 280 115 165 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 400,960 194,035 206,925 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,670 187,310 199,355 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,959 39,180 28,183 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,840 187,320 199,515 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,052 35,184 26,012 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 341,570 168,210 173,355 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,564 37,245 24,808 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 290,235 132,010 158,225 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,245 8,245 8,245 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 268,315 137,645 130,675 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,852 34,547 25,935 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 400,960 194,025 206,935 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 386,645 187,235 199,410 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,563 49,177 36,354 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 386,800 187,235 199,565 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,147 41,163 31,441 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 341,910 168,315 173,595 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,566 47,907 33,448 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 290,105 131,520 158,590 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,917 8,698 9,099 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 268,320 137,465 130,855 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,632 43,809 33,195 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 400,960 194,025 206,935 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 126,620 70,285 56,335 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,769 54,282 45,113 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,953 61,710 51,019 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.2 87.4 80.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.1 65.5 60.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.8 12.6 19.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 400,960 194,030 206,925 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 14,295 6,725 7,570 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 386,665 187,310 199,355 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,905 20,935 27,975 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 71,230 28,415 42,815 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 58,410 24,275 34,130 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 47,710 21,805 25,910 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 41,750 20,730 21,025 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 31,700 17,140 14,560 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 24,430 14,570 9,865 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 17,415 10,835 6,575 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 12,920 7,930 4,990 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 9,935 5,695 4,245 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 22,250 14,985 7,265 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 16,090 10,595 5,500 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,160 4,395 1,770 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 400,960 194,035 206,925 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 14,120 6,710 7,410 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 386,845 187,320 199,515 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.5 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 51,330 21,415 29,915 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 74,320 29,755 44,560 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 67,465 28,650 38,810 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 56,705 27,010 29,700 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 45,595 23,805 21,800 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 32,310 19,165 13,150 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 21,580 13,485 8,090 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 14,600 8,670 5,935 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 22,940 15,380 7,560 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,560 5,290 3,270 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,570 3,130 1,440 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,805 6,955 2,850 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 400,960 194,030 206,930 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 132,640 56,390 76,250 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 268,320 137,645 130,675 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.9 70.9 63.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,745 23,365 22,375 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 22,690 9,975 12,720 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 35,750 15,710 20,040 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 30,420 13,680 16,740 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 28,280 13,100 15,180 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 25,660 12,845 12,815 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 20,250 11,165 9,090 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 15,770 9,770 6,005 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 11,855 7,530 4,325 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 31,895 20,505 11,385 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 9,410 5,735 3,670 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,815 4,355 3,470 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 14,665 10,420 4,245 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 204,030 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,662 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,444 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 56,740 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,028 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,222 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 147,290 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,678 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,338 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 204,030 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,659 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,527 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 56,705 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,960 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,684 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 147,325 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,169 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,783 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 204,030 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,210 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,505 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,385 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,040 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,630 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,865 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,655 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,520 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,400 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,110 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,280 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,475 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,770 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,300 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,295 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 55,595 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,125 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,415 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,995 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,060 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 204,035 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,390 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,560 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,490 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,395 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,680 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,810 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,115 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,140 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,160 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,645 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,690 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,900 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 16,345 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,740 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,975 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 38,990 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,535 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,915 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,535 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 141,385 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,978 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,498 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 66,145 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,669 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,921 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 51,370 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,089 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,300 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 20,230 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,283 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,177 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 141,530 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,712 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,083 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 66,170 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,336 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,336 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 51,315 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,691 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,618 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,230 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,968 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,897 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 74,860 34,520 40,340 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,273 30,134 28,755 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,194 27,659 26,846 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 74,270 34,190 40,085 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,187 40,815 37,797 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,736 34,725 32,893 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 470,510 229,560 240,950 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 246,815 117,405 129,410 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 45,950 22,210 23,745 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 51,560 23,180 28,375 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 49,790 23,555 26,230 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 50,225 24,350 25,875 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 49,285 24,100 25,180 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 223,700 112,155 111,540 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 49,810 24,675 25,135 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 49,045 24,585 24,460 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 47,620 23,995 23,625 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 44,775 22,480 22,295 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 32,450 16,420 16,030 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 467,985 228,320 239,665 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 84,310 43,045 41,265 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 26,295 13,510 12,785 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 283,605 138,275 145,340 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 100,070 47,005 53,065 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 68,100 31,415 36,680 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 15,590 7,955 7,635 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,480 2,805 2,680 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 41,525 19,295 22,230 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 10,990 4,165 6,820 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.8 15.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.8 20.8 21.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.6 14.0 15.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.0 8.9 12.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 29,870 14,765 15,110 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,595 2,865 2,730 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,035 1,020 1,010 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 22,770 11,220 11,550 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,505 675 830 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.5 6.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 6.7 6.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.5 7.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 8.1 7.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.4 1.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 470,510 229,560 240,950 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 469,275 229,030 240,240 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 468,715 228,775 239,935 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 43,920 19,955 23,965 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 36,720 16,855 19,870 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 530 205 325 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 100 30 65 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 0 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 15 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 25 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 35 15 15 15 10 10
Ojibway 25 10 20 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 30 15 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 15 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 395 155 240 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 395 160 240 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,205 16,655 19,555 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,780 925 850 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20 25 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 20 20 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,765 915 850 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 25 10 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,490 780 710 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 190 95 95 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 40 20 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 30 0 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 600 260 345 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 35 60 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 510 220 290 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,340 390 955 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 50 15 35 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 130 40 90 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 150 65 85 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,125 310 820 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 10 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 95 55 40 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 555 300 260 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 15 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 165 90 80 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 335 170 160 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 65 35 25 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 25,315 11,785 13,535 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 65 30 35 1,135 580 555
Armenian 55 30 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,395 1,530 1,865 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 120 50 70 635 310 325
Latvian 85 30 55 310 175 140
Lithuanian 35 20 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,280 1,485 1,795 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 25 15 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 30 10 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 145 85 65 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 415 170 245 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 45 35 20 345 180 160
Polish 1,295 585 710 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 735 340 395 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 200 90 115 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 60 20 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 120 55 65 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 35 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 425 190 235 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 100 50 55 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 25 350 225 120
Welsh 30 20 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 8,880 3,975 4,905 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 160 85 75 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 265 115 150 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,910 1,270 1,640 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 125 65 55 120 55 65
German 5,465 2,490 2,980 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 70 25 45 1,405 730 680
Swedish 205 85 120 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 35 15 20 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,070 535 530 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,450 1,790 1,655 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,800 1,450 1,355 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 255 150 105 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 605 305 305 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,285 675 615 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 35 10 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 45 20 20 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 690 360 330 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 70 40 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 55 70 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 830 450 380 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 675 355 325 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 20 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 60 20 40 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 605 320 285 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,235 4,275 4,960 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 15 10 245 125 120
Italian 2,100 1,020 1,075 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,740 1,385 1,360 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 200 95 100 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,625 1,975 2,645 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10 220 130 85
Japanese 360 185 175 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 855 405 450 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 390 185 205 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 85 35 50 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 10 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 15 240 140 95
Lingala 10 0 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 110 60 50 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 80 30 45 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,360 525 840 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 870 330 540 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 500 200 305 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,285 1,535 1,750 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 3,165 1,465 1,700 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 980 460 520 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 0 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,100 975 1,130 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 65 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 30 50 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 265 120 140 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 65 50 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 20 10 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 20 15 10 905 455 450
Tibetan 85 45 35 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 50 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 35 45 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 230 125 105 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 835 455 385
Turkish 220 120 95 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 875 435 445 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 75 30 45 495 205 295
Finnish 315 140 175 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 505 270 230 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 35 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 470,510 229,560 240,950 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 459,925 224,715 235,210 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 84,080 43,065 41,020 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 375,845 181,655 194,195 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 10,585 4,845 5,740 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 470,510 229,560 240,950 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 426,815 209,090 217,725 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 41,305 19,220 22,090 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 23,915 11,295 12,615 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,455 1,995 2,455 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,155 1,950 2,205 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,815 2,610 3,200 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,795 1,250 1,545 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,020 1,360 1,665 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,970 1,370 1,600 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,385 1,245 1,135 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 41,305 19,220 22,090 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,760 2,870 2,890 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,880 4,420 4,465 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 10,000 4,160 5,840 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 14,490 6,785 7,705 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,175 990 1,185 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 41,305 19,220 22,085 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 6,815 2,965 3,850 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 175 75 100 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 105 30 75 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 245 115 130 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 265 130 140 920 415 500
Haiti 45 25 25 265 110 160
Jamaica 480 265 215 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 220 85 135 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 80 20 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 295 125 170 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,970 1,690 2,280 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 940 405 535 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 24,110 11,425 12,690 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 35 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 95 65 30 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 345 175 170 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,615 1,120 1,490 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 480 255 220 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 255 145 105 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 360 155 200 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 855 465 390 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,870 1,405 1,470 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 775 370 405 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,615 840 780 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 220 115 105 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 185 30 155 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 160 75 85 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 190 90 100 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,000 5,175 5,825 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,045 910 1,135 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,665 865 800 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 45 20 30 430 270 150
Egypt 340 190 150 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 25 15 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 100 40 55 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 70 30 40 730 385 340
Nigeria 95 50 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 335 180 155 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 645 335 310 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,315 3,740 4,575 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 75 30 45 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 115 75 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,565 655 915 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 205 100 105 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,470 725 750 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 370 210 155 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 95 55 40 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 115 35 80 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 605 280 330 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 110 70 40 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 515 275 240 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,175 355 820 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 270 140 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 120 55 60 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 105 45 60 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 390 170 230 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,015 470 535 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 390 225 165 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,970 1,370 1,605 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 605 325 285 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 75 40 35 960 445 520
Colombia 30 10 20 465 220 240
Cuba 20 15 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 25 20 10 160 115 45
Mexico 65 30 40 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 300 165 140 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 40 1,855 875 975
Europe 400 205 200 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 40 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 10 545