Census Profile, 2016 Census
Champlain, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Champlain,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Champlain, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : Champlain, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,292,639 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,230,655 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 556,095 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 520,920 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 72.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 17,723.33 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,292,640 630,860 661,780 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 213,540 108,870 104,670 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 67,740 34,395 33,345 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 73,515 37,595 35,920 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 72,285 36,880 35,405 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 863,550 424,535 439,010 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 76,845 39,160 37,680 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 87,880 44,700 43,180 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 83,380 41,625 41,755 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 81,805 40,230 41,580 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 78,985 37,880 41,110 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 83,495 39,910 43,590 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 88,790 43,290 45,500 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 103,290 50,895 52,395 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 96,900 47,160 49,740 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 82,175 39,685 42,495 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 215,545 97,450 118,095 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 72,260 34,850 37,410 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 51,295 24,360 26,935 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 36,775 16,960 19,820 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 26,670 11,565 15,110 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 28,540 9,715 18,825 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 17,155 6,475 10,680 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 8,735 2,675 6,060 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,345 525 1,815 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 315 40 275 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.5 17.3 15.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.4 17.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 267,945 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 70,075 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 180,800 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 28,065 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 85,200 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,825 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 54,750 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 965 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,095 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 144,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 182,560 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 79,795 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 74,170 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 40,370 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,266,560 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,079,095 521,990 557,105 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 624,320 312,025 312,295 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 516,295 257,765 258,530 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 108,020 54,255 53,760 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 454,785 209,965 244,820 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 303,665 161,240 142,425 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 30,075 12,660 17,420 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 63,210 24,170 39,040 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 57,830 11,895 45,935 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 361,820 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 184,075 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 75,695 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 71,345 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,700 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 361,820 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 305,435 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 251,460 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 53,975 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 56,385 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 44,300 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 12,090 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 305,435 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 150,475 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 154,955 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 59,380 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 66,735 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 28,840 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 56,385 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 33,600 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 16,315 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 6,470 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 221,080 103,715 117,370 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 346,185 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 144,010 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 202,175 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,700 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 167,035 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 144,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 23,010 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,276,840 624,535 652,300 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 766,150 389,010 377,135 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 24,440 10,475 13,965 1,110 530 580
English and French 471,955 219,375 252,585 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 14,300 5,680 8,615 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,276,840 624,540 652,305 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,014,605 502,505 512,100 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 225,175 105,540 119,635 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 23,145 11,005 12,145 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,915 5,490 8,425 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 236,750 111,040 125,705 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 18.5 17.8 19.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,276,840 624,540 652,300 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,237,460 605,805 631,655 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,022,525 504,290 518,235 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 809,290 403,835 405,455 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 213,235 100,460 112,770 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 214,940 101,510 113,425 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,185 475 710 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 320 135 185 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 170 75 95 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 35 15 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 80 35 45 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 45 75 70 25 40
Algonquin 25 5 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 90 35 55 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 5 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 370 130 245 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 340 115 225 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 470 200 270 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 465 200 265 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 5 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 213,755 101,040 112,715 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,975 22,545 22,430 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 380 200 180 95 55 35
Kabyle 250 135 115 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 70 60 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 6,665 2,875 3,785 1,355 675 680
Bilen 50 25 20 5 0 0
Oromo 220 120 95 165 95 75
Somali 6,305 2,685 3,620 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 10 5 5
Semitic languages 37,875 19,440 18,435 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,465 685 780 1,140 560 585
Arabic 34,875 17,990 16,880 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 60 30 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 365 195 170 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 15 25 80 40 40
Tigrigna 905 445 470 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,195 3,310 3,890 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,115 490 620 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,075 2,810 3,265 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 8,140 2,910 5,225 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 35 15 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 390 125 265 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 115 35 75 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 585 230 355 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 60 30 30 15 0 10
Malay 425 170 255 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 30 10 20 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,315 2,225 4,090 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 45 20 30 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 125 40 80 830 360 470
Creole languages 4,290 1,800 2,490 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 300 130 170 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,805 1,580 2,225 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 4,335 2,240 2,100 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 225 115 110 225 115 110
Malayalam 695 360 340 1,750 905 845
Tamil 2,890 1,475 1,415 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 505 275 230 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 97,775 46,720 51,050 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 670 325 340 1,090 560 530
Armenian 505 255 245 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 22,510 10,140 12,370 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 530 225 300 645 280 370
Latvian 285 125 155 320 145 175
Lithuanian 245 100 140 325 130 200
Slavic languages 21,985 9,915 12,070 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 40 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 615 280 335 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 870 405 465 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,085 505 580 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,035 470 570 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 70 30 35 250 120 135
Polish 6,740 3,055 3,690 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 6,435 2,810 3,625 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,785 860 925 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 525 255 270 1,145 545 600
Slovak 620 285 335 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 95 140 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,820 800 1,025 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 180 90 90
Celtic languages 140 70 75 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 25 125 65 60
Welsh 65 25 40 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 13,425 6,255 7,170 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 175 85 90 1,435 730 705
Danish 390 180 210 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,745 1,810 1,925 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 85 45 40 80 30 50
German 8,235 3,745 4,490 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 155 65 95 835 410 430
Swedish 305 155 150 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 50 65 200 105 95
Yiddish 180 100 80 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 25 20 15
Greek 2,430 1,295 1,135 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 28,455 14,370 14,090 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 19,620 9,925 9,695 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,405 1,700 1,705 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,625 850 775 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,950 1,510 1,440 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 105 50 55 225 110 110
Marathi 295 150 145 535 280 255
Nepali 935 445 495 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,070 2,095 1,975 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 285 130 155 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 830 400 430 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,055 2,560 2,495 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,735 4,380 4,350 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 665 345 320 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,090 555 540 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,980 3,485 3,495 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 40 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 29,640 14,010 15,630 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 30 15 15 125 65 55
Italian 9,670 4,845 4,825 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,490 2,100 2,390 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,695 1,230 1,470 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 12,735 5,810 6,920 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 60 40 25
Japanese 1,060 320 735 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 35 15 25 65 40 25
Georgian 35 10 20 65 40 25
Korean 2,205 930 1,275 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 15 20 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,495 2,420 3,070 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 360 175 180 405 220 180
Bamanankan 75 30 50 10 10 5
Edo 35 20 20 80 45 30
Ewe 80 30 55 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 20 10 5
Ga 60 30 25 35 15 15
Ganda 125 55 65 65 35 30
Igbo 190 95 95 160 90 65
Lingala 335 125 215 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 850 365 485 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 235 420 105 45 55
Shona 115 40 75 150 70 85
Swahili 1,125 500 625 585 285 295
Wolof 80 40 45 30 10 20
Yoruba 240 125 115 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,060 500 560 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 140 165 265 135 135
Dinka 85 40 45 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 190 85 100
Sign languages 280 140 140 620 330 295
American Sign Language 100 40 60 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 95 75 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,615 15,150 17,465 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 31,805 14,755 17,050 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 10,400 4,895 5,505 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 155 70 90 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 18,900 8,715 10,185 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 55 25 25 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 740 325 420 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 205 250 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,095 520 570 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 415 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 230 120 115 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 320 155 170 770 370 400
Tibetan 95 50 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 70 95 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 740 260 485 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 360 170 200 800 405 400
Thai 375 90 280 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,710 875 840 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 130 70 55 495 275 225
Turkish 1,440 740 705 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 65 30 40 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,415 1,160 1,255 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 185 90 95 455 195 260
Finnish 360 150 205 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,870 915 955 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 90 70 365 200 170
Multiple responses 39,380 18,730 20,650 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 16,560 7,855 8,705 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 16,260 7,860 8,400 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 4,015 1,835 2,180 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,540 1,175 1,370 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,276,840 624,535 652,300 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,212,810 594,360 618,455 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,108,880 545,325 563,555 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 957,470 474,525 482,945 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 151,410 70,800 80,610 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 103,935 49,035 54,900 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 355 155 200 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 80 35 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 25 35 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 20 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 75 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 135 60 80 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 135 60 75 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,580 48,880 54,700 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,935 11,990 12,950 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 220 110 110 40 20 20
Kabyle 185 90 95 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 3,855 1,580 2,275 695 315 380
Bilen 30 10 15 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 80 40 35
Somali 3,640 1,475 2,170 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 5 5 5
Semitic languages 20,845 10,295 10,550 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 850 400 450 535 250 290
Arabic 19,360 9,580 9,780 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 20 5 15 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 80 60 785 400 385
Maltese 0 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 415 200 225 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,230 1,945 2,285 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 465 200 265 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,760 1,745 2,015 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,390 1,415 1,975 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 125 55 75 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 355 150 205
Ilocano 230 110 120 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 15 10 5 5 5 0
Malay 125 55 70 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,785 1,145 1,640 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 260 130 130
Creole languages 1,865 765 1,100 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,640 660 980 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 2,195 1,100 1,095 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 80 45 40 95 45 50
Malayalam 300 155 145 885 450 435
Tamil 1,610 790 820 1,935 965 965
Telugu 195 105 90 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 40,185 19,075 21,105 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 300 145 160 530 255 270
Armenian 215 95 115 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 9,400 4,430 4,975 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 110 45 65 160 75 90
Latvian 60 25 35 65 30 35
Lithuanian 45 25 30 90 45 50
Slavic languages 9,295 4,385 4,910 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 310 155 160 540 270 270
Bulgarian 415 200 220 925 425 495
Croatian 335 150 185 1,795 840 955
Czech 240 120 125 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 2,215 1,020 1,195 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,740 1,755 1,990 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,040 520 520 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 200 100 95 435 205 235
Slovak 200 90 105 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 520 240 285 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 10 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,825 860 965 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 45 20 25 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 15 180 90 90
Dutch 285 140 145 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 1,380 640 740 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 15 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 55 35 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 735 350 385 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 15,560 7,600 7,955 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 10,345 5,125 5,230 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,025 980 1,045 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 690 355 330 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,315 655 655 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 40 15 15
Marathi 110 50 65 245 125 120
Nepali 735 365 380 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,270 1,145 1,120 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 70 30 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 395 190 205 595 290 305
Urdu 2,685 1,320 1,365 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,185 2,465 2,720 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 375 195 180 1,025 515 505
Pashto 695 335 360 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,115 1,935 2,180 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 12,135 5,590 6,545 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 15 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 2,590 1,160 1,430 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,895 890 1,005 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,255 585 670 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 6,380 2,955 3,425 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 405 145 265 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,210 560 655 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,495 665 825 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 5 5 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 25 10 10 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 10 5 5 0 0
Ganda 30 15 15 5 5 5
Igbo 55 30 30 35 20 15
Lingala 70 25 50 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 130 135 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 225 85 145 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 385 175 210 155 60 90
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 60 20 40
Sign languages 395 210 185 830 460 370
American Sign Language 120 55 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 10 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 255 145 115 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,425 10,150 11,275 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 20,840 9,870 10,970 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,965 2,755 3,215 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 20 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 13,660 6,540 7,120 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 285 120 165 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 615 320 295 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 275 305 1,630 820 810
Burmese 145 65 80 685 350 335
Karenic languages 250 120 130 685 335 350
Tibetan 70 40 30 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 270 110 170 1,015 435 580
Lao 170 75 100 335 160 175
Thai 100 35 70 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 875 425 450 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 185 95 90
Turkish 765 370 395 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 35 15 20 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 560 265 300 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 25 10 15 75 30 45
Finnish 35 20 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 505 235 265 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 64,030 30,180 33,850 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 16,605 7,650 8,950 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 39,075 18,815 20,260 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 3,440 1,470 1,975 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 4,905 2,245 2,655 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,276,840 624,535 652,300 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,007,455 498,690 508,765 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 104,660 49,655 55,000 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 82,385 37,885 44,505 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 72,855 33,985 38,870 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 805 325 480 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 72,050 33,660 38,390 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 2,715 1,280 1,435 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,595 1,220 1,370 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 4,090 1,775 2,315 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 90 45 45 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,053,355 511,150 542,200 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,009,730 490,230 519,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,555 46,182 34,248 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,010,110 490,270 519,845 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,285 40,541 30,991 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 912,945 450,755 462,190 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,204 46,184 32,969 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 706,765 315,720 391,045 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,577 2,824 5,470 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 747,400 380,255 367,150 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,795 44,128 34,106 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,053,355 511,145 542,210 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,009,830 490,150 519,680 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,380 59,017 44,177 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,010,235 490,180 520,055 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,223 47,666 37,094 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 913,240 450,560 462,675 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,149 59,448 43,069 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 706,335 315,510 390,825 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,323 6,789 7,755 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 747,400 379,510 367,890 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,924 56,654 42,981 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,053,350 511,145 542,205 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 381,085 208,320 172,765 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,729 66,049 57,135 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,665 76,912 63,133 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.0 92.6 86.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.8 74.1 68.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.0 7.4 13.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,053,355 511,150 542,200 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 43,620 20,925 22,695 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,009,730 490,230 519,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 133,075 59,140 73,940 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 157,640 64,280 93,365 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 118,055 49,935 68,120 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 100,395 44,550 55,855 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 93,640 43,230 50,415 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 82,445 40,210 42,235 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 71,875 37,625 34,250 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 56,165 30,820 25,350 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 46,855 26,055 20,805 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 40,610 22,025 18,590 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 108,965 72,380 36,580 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 78,105 49,970 28,135 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 30,860 22,410 8,445 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,053,350 511,150 542,200 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 43,240 20,885 22,355 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,010,110 490,265 519,840 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 138,945 60,320 78,620 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 164,190 67,390 96,800 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 136,540 58,760 77,780 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 122,665 55,560 67,105 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 112,895 53,980 58,920 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 95,050 49,505 45,545 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 71,575 39,790 31,785 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 57,630 31,860 25,775 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 110,625 73,110 37,515 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 39,640 23,740 15,895 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 22,960 15,160 7,805 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 48,025 34,210 13,815 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,053,350 511,150 542,200 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 305,950 130,900 175,050 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 747,400 380,250 367,150 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.0 74.4 67.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 95,695 47,050 48,645 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 56,295 25,095 31,200 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 90,800 40,705 50,100 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 72,555 33,480 39,075 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 66,305 31,325 34,970 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 62,745 29,770 32,980 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 57,530 27,975 29,560 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 50,960 26,770 24,185 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 39,930 22,035 17,895 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 154,580 96,045 58,535 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 37,600 20,440 17,160 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 33,480 18,195 15,290 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 83,505 57,410 26,090 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,885 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,852 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 144,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,778 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,650 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 376,890 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,759 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,740 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,601 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,885 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 144,040 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,607 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,226 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 376,880 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,562 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,660 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 520,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,595 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,505 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,225 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,605 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,960 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,725 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,850 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,080 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,360 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,250 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 36,430 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,155 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,845 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,145 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,020 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 201,165 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,475 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 43,700 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 53,075 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 43,915 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 520,920 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,070 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,630 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,400 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,330 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,945 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,835 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,975 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,020 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,810 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 22,880 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 45,715 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 42,470 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40,245 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 36,430 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,155 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 152,000 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 58,770 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,640 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 54,590 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 359,560 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,940 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,501 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 140,825 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,609 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,593 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 155,880 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,009 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,008 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,910 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,671 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,515 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 359,580 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,930 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,545 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 141,085 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,576 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,413 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 155,820 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,761 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,658 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,825 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,878 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,695 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 195,395 93,215 102,180 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,383 36,361 36,401 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,743 32,538 32,899 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 194,915 92,740 102,170 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,786 47,348 46,277 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,889 38,989 38,799 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,266,560 619,850 646,705 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 524,395 250,810 273,590 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 116,480 56,925 59,550 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 104,400 48,075 56,325 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 96,340 45,830 50,510 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 99,045 47,615 51,430 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 108,140 52,365 55,770 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 742,165 369,050 373,120 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 118,990 57,965 61,020 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 131,360 64,740 66,620 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 148,910 73,950 74,960 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 173,090 86,390 86,700 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 169,825 86,005 83,820 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,264,705 618,980 645,730 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 256,795 131,060 125,735 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 81,715 41,640 40,070 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 810,410 396,025 414,385 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 197,500 91,890 105,610 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 161,620 76,090 85,530 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 41,455 21,460 20,000 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 14,180 7,405 6,770 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 98,710 46,255 52,455 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 21,455 8,375 13,080 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.3 13.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.4 15.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.8 16.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.9 9.1 12.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 115,380 56,275 59,100 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 26,320 13,535 12,785 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,095 4,750 4,345 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 79,970 39,285 40,685 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 9,085 3,460 5,630 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.1 9.1 9.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.3 10.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.1 11.4 10.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 9.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.6 3.8 5.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,266,560 619,855 646,705 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,252,375 614,255 638,120 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,228,680 604,215 624,465 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 492,940 227,625 265,315 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 297,810 139,800 158,010 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,085 850 1,235 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 595 250 345 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 90 135 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 20 35 20 10 20
Woods Cree 20 0 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 95 35 60 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 60 35 25 20 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 20 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 315 120 195 140 40 100
Algonquin 70 35 35 15 10 10
Ojibway 225 85 145 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 15 10 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 0 20 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 10 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 645 245 400 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 590 230 360 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 815 350 465 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 805 345 465 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 10 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,810 138,990 156,815 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 62,450 31,325 31,125 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 540 285 255 125 80 45
Kabyle 420 225 195 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 9,305 4,160 5,145 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 90 55 35 15 0 15
Oromo 380 175 210 190 110 80
Somali 8,775 3,895 4,880 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 10 0 10
Semitic languages 53,605 27,360 26,250 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 2,000 940 1,055 1,755 905 855
Arabic 48,935 25,115 23,825 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 45 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 35 20 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,930 1,030 900 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 80 30 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,180 495 685 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 155 85 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,860 4,190 4,665 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,555 700 855 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 7,350 3,510 3,840 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,560 3,875 6,685 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 40 15 25 495 205 285
Cebuano 595 215 385 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 170 55 120 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 725 305 420 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 105 55 50 10 0 0
Malay 625 275 350 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 25 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 55 20 35 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,465 3,395 6,070 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 40 10 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 9,625 4,055 5,570 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 470 175 295 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 8,550 3,605 4,945 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 645 285 360 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 5,650 2,875 2,770 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 480 240 245 445 210 235
Malayalam 890 415 485 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 3,830 1,975 1,850 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 825 430 390 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 146,710 69,135 77,575 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 790 385 405 1,135 580 555
Armenian 690 365 325 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 27,200 12,535 14,660 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 630 275 350 635 310 325
Latvian 315 135 185 310 175 140
Lithuanian 310 145 165 325 135 185
Slavic languages 26,665 12,290 14,375 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 125 60 65 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,055 490 570 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,940 970 970 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,485 645 845 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 105 35 70 345 180 160
Polish 7,955 3,685 4,270 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 9,685 4,455 5,230 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,130 1,045 1,090 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 580 295 280 1,240 595 645
Slovak 970 415 555 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 130 160 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,520 1,070 1,445 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 250 120 125
Celtic languages 475 210 265 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 185 80 100 350 225 120
Welsh 115 35 75 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95 685 370 320
Germanic languages 22,885 10,900 11,985 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 450 225 220 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 545 235 310 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,540 2,105 2,435 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 120 55 65 120 55 65
German 16,450 7,895 8,555 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 55 25 30 215 110 100
Norwegian 380 155 225 1,405 730 680
Swedish 665 325 345 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 60 50 220 125 100
Yiddish 395 210 190 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 75 40 30
Greek 3,550 1,825 1,720 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 37,410 18,960 18,455 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 27,635 14,050 13,590 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,535 2,330 2,205 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,525 1,350 1,180 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 10,695 5,530 5,165 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 145 80 65 375 185 190
Marathi 580 310 265 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,270 640 630 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 75 40 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,615 3,430 3,190 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 550 250 300 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,090 500 590 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,135 4,070 4,065 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10,315 5,205 5,110 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 755 395 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,470 795 675 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,870 4,435 4,440 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 125 85 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 59,565 26,775 32,795 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 80 30 50 245 125 120
Italian 16,640 7,955 8,680 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,560 3,240 3,325 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,055 1,435 1,615 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 36,680 15,755 20,925 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 145 80 70 220 130 85
Japanese 2,670 1,260 1,410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 45 15 25 90 50 40
Georgian 45 20 25 90 50 45
Korean 2,715 1,155 1,565 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 45 25 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 40 20 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 10,880 4,840 6,040 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 630 325 305 495 280 215
Bamanankan 155 75 85 20 10 10
Edo 95 40 55 115 65 55
Ewe 210 80 125 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 65 95 45 10 35
Ga 170 90 80 95 60 35
Ganda 220 75 145 105 60 45
Igbo 320 180 145 240 140 95
Lingala 1,775 740 1,035 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,595 660 945 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 975 360 615 210 95 115
Shona 175 60 115 265 125 140
Swahili 3,150 1,395 1,760 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 215 120 100 30 15 15
Yoruba 775 410 365 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,370 1,090 1,285 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 320 140 185 300 150 150
Dinka 190 85 105 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,135 805 1,330 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,055 345 715 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 195 50 135 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 940 425 515 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,305 17,660 19,645 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 36,420 17,235 19,180 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 13,020 6,195 6,820 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 280 130 145 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 25,015 11,555 13,465 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 40 20 25 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,065 480 580 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 215 235 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 605 510 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 305 145 160 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 370 185 185 905 455 450
Tibetan 50 30 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 155 205 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,090 440 655 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 475 215 265 1,125 505 620
Thai 690 260 430 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,550 1,260 1,285 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 835 455 385
Turkish 2,190 1,095 1,095 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 40 25 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 80 15 60 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,010 1,475 1,530 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 270 135 135 495 205 295
Finnish 560 265 300 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,185 1,085 1,100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 395 245 150 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,266,560 619,855 646,705 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,199,540 588,110 611,435 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 247,110 126,190 120,910 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 952,440 461,920 490,520 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 67,015 31,745 35,270 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,266,560 619,855 646,705 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,014,115 500,885 513,230 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 236,635 110,805 125,830 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 64,440 30,910 33,530 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 32,240 15,435 16,805 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 52,330 23,770 28,560 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 56,390 25,885 30,505 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 26,720 12,230 14,490 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 29,670 13,655 16,010 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 31,240 14,810 16,430 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,805 8,160 7,650 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 236,635 110,805 125,830 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 26,975 13,365 13,610 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 42,925 21,780 21,145 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 50,030 22,415 27,620 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 97,215 44,605 52,615 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 19,490 8,645 10,845 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 236,635 110,810 125,835 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 36,200 15,695 20,505 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,030 460 570 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,315 505 810 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,785 835 955 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,500 705 790 920 415 500
Haiti 6,505 2,700 3,805 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,175 1,380 1,800 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,420 575 840 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 840 380 460 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,370 545 825 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,350 4,490 5,865 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,905 3,125 3,780 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 67,355 32,310 35,040 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,625 790 830 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 860 425 440 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 2,645 1,185 1,460 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,505 2,425 3,080 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,150 620 525 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 995 510 485 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 955 435 520 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,820 3,055 2,770 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,295 1,630 1,670 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,625 2,105 2,525 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,140 1,090 1,050 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,580 1,225 1,355 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 3,020 1,310 1,710 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 910 440 475 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,885 880 1,005 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,535 10,185 10,355 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 8,810 4,010 4,795 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 31,190 14,375 16,810 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,075 515 565 430 270 150
Egypt 3,515 1,845 1,675 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,230 1,020 1,215 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,100 570 525 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,275 585 690 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,300 590 710 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,400 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 940 500 440 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 15,855 7,260 8,600 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 100,920 47,905 53,015 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,435 1,235 1,195 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,800 1,455 1,350 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,985 7,805 10,180 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,110 1,565 1,540 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 11,065 5,570 5,500 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,485 2,235 2,250 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,585 1,915 1,670 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 765 195 575 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,800 800 1,000 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 11,230 5,875 5,355 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,370 2,165 2,205 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,255 3,425 5,825 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 2,635 1,255 1,380 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,160 1,615 1,545 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 870 370 505 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,700 2,600 3,100 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 15,660 7,820 7,840 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 970 520 455 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,240 14,805 16,430 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,370 1,970 2,405 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 145 80 60 960 445 520
Colombia 205 85 120 465 220 240
Cuba 135 75 60 70 35 30
Haiti 1,325 560 765 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 65 50 160 115 45
Mexico 280 110 170 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,325 650 675 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 30 90 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 715 300 420 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,845 1,390 1,455 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 325 175 150 790 415 370
Germany 185 90 100 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 45 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 15 25 200 110 90
Romania