Census Profile, 2016 Census
North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
Charts (using rates)  Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 551,801 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 553,091 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 289,641 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 239,300 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 395,920.41 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 551,800 271,710 280,090 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 83,505 42,670 40,835 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 27,140 13,905 13,235 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 28,535 14,580 13,955 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 27,835 14,190 13,645 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 354,520 176,140 178,375 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 30,420 15,760 14,660 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 31,705 16,285 15,425 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 30,825 15,565 15,260 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 30,325 14,935 15,395 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 30,045 14,660 15,385 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 31,405 15,540 15,865 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 34,785 17,160 17,620 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 45,340 22,170 23,170 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 47,380 23,290 24,090 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 42,295 20,775 21,520 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 113,770 52,895 60,880 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 37,525 18,715 18,810 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 27,390 13,330 14,060 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 20,510 9,560 10,945 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 14,835 6,510 8,325 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 13,515 4,780 8,735 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,855 3,470 5,385 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,695 1,105 2,590 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 865 190 680 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 100 20 80 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 15.7 14.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.2 64.8 63.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.6 19.5 21.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.7 42.8 44.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 46.1 45.1 47.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 164,850 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,950 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 62,345 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,465 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 8,200 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,395 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 31,495 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,155 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 71,450 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 93,295 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 33,880 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 27,540 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,135 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 541,700 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 468,295 229,035 239,260 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 276,270 138,140 138,130 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 217,905 109,050 108,855 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 58,365 29,095 29,270 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 192,025 90,900 101,125 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 113,750 63,160 50,590 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 16,190 7,565 8,625 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 27,605 12,615 14,985 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 34,485 7,555 26,930 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 163,275 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 95,285 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 32,450 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 25,690 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,845 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 163,275 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 135,925 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 106,750 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 29,175 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 27,350 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 20,860 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,490 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,925 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 78,010 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 57,910 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 25,075 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 23,650 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 9,185 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 27,355 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 17,275 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 7,375 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,705 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 98,275 47,830 50,450 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 157,045 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 75,580 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 81,465 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,070 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 79,185 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 71,450 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,735 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 545,525 269,245 276,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 370,970 187,550 183,420 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 7,155 3,260 3,895 1,110 530 580
English and French 166,125 77,935 88,195 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,275 515 760 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 545,525 269,250 276,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 429,370 213,705 215,670 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 112,985 54,130 58,855 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,990 950 1,035 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,175 460 715 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 113,980 54,610 59,375 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 20.9 20.3 21.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 545,525 269,250 276,275 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 535,505 264,515 270,990 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 501,795 248,320 253,480 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 387,385 193,470 193,915 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 114,415 54,850 59,560 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 33,710 16,200 17,510 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 6,975 3,395 3,580 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 6,890 3,350 3,535 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 4,170 2,075 2,100 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 55 30 25 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 225 85 140 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 3,860 1,945 1,910 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,705 1,270 1,435 70 25 40
Algonquin 25 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,520 1,190 1,330 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 40 15 30 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 120 60 65 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 5 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 5 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 5 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 25 25 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,735 12,800 13,935 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 860 550 310 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 20 10 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 15 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 5 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 825 530 295 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 10 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 750 490 260 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 15 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 225 100 125 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 220 100 115 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 590 160 435 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 35 5 25 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 35 15 25 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 25 10 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 125 360 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 25 15 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 270 140 135 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 75 30 45 1,750 905 845
Tamil 90 50 40 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 90 45 35 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 19,470 9,375 10,095 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 5 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 20 10 10 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,945 1,780 2,160 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 200 100 100 645 280 370
Latvian 90 45 45 320 145 175
Lithuanian 110 55 55 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,740 1,680 2,060 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 35 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 535 250 285 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 185 105 80 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 25 15 10 250 120 135
Polish 1,360 570 785 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 285 115 165 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 130 70 60 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 125 65 60 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 65 80 545 250 290
Ukrainian 885 380 500 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 10 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,115 2,450 2,665 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 75 50 30 1,435 730 705
Danish 115 60 50 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 875 440 440 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 10 10 80 30 50
German 3,865 1,820 2,045 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 20 835 410 430
Swedish 85 35 45 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 25 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 280 155 130 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,550 825 725 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,380 735 650 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 90 50 35 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 385 210 175 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 270 140 130 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 15 10 5 535 280 255
Nepali 85 40 45 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 230 120 110 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 255 135 115 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 165 90 75 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 20 15 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 135 70 65 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 8,515 4,140 4,380 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 6,830 3,330 3,495 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 670 335 330 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 130 65 65 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 875 395 480 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 60 40 25
Japanese 80 30 55 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 190 100 95 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 315 175 145 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 20 15 5 160 90 65
Lingala 15 5 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10 105 45 55
Shona 25 10 10 150 70 85
Swahili 30 20 15 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 35 20 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 120 60 65 620 330 295
American Sign Language 45 15 25 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,440 690 750 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,435 685 745 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 580 275 300 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 5 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 665 315 350 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85 80 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 35 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 0 5 800 405 400
Thai 40 10 30 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 40 25 15 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 30 25 10 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,015 1,360 1,650 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 170 75 90 455 195 260
Finnish 2,460 1,085 1,375 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 385 205 185 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 10,020 4,730 5,285 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 7,125 3,360 3,765 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,585 1,230 1,360 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 185 90 95 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 120 50 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 545,525 269,250 276,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 533,885 263,865 270,020 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 522,490 258,420 264,065 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 456,520 227,315 229,205 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 65,965 31,105 34,860 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 11,400 5,445 5,955 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 3,005 1,545 1,460 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 2,970 1,525 1,440 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,085 1,075 1,010 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 75 35 40 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 1,995 1,035 965 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 875 450 430 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 800 405 390 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 65 35 30 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,390 3,895 4,490 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 430 270 165 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 20 5 10 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 5 10 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 410 260 150 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 390 245 140 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 10 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 85 75 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 155 80 75 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 190 70 120 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 70 115 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 130 55 75 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 10 25 885 450 435
Tamil 45 20 25 1,935 965 965
Telugu 45 20 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 5,605 2,550 3,060 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 5 530 255 270
Armenian 10 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 855 370 485 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 20 5 15 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 0 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 830 360 470 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 5 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 15 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 125 50 75 1,795 840 955
Czech 40 20 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 335 150 190 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 125 55 65 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 25 15 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 125 50 80 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,310 650 665 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 35 20 20 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 65 25 40 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 1,190 595 600 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 105 50 50 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 850 445 405 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 760 395 360 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 40 25 20 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 245 130 110 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 140 70 75 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 50 30 25 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 70 75 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 120 65 60 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 80 45 40 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 70 35 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,480 1,035 1,445 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,885 750 1,140 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 215 110 105 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 35 20 20 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 335 160 170 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 115 60 55 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 55 30 30 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 180 95 85 830 460 370
American Sign Language 45 20 25 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 820 420 405 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 815 415 395 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 295 145 145 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 415 215 205 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 55 45 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 5 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 20 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 5 5 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 635 250 385 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 5 15 75 30 45
Finnish 510 200 310 435 190 240
Hungarian 100 45 55 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,640 5,385 6,255 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 6,715 3,060 3,655 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,645 2,190 2,455 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 115 60 50 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 170 75 90 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 545,520 269,250 276,275 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 454,025 226,750 227,275 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 36,125 16,990 19,140 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 41,615 19,105 22,510 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 13,195 6,150 7,050 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 4,255 1,990 2,260 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 8,940 4,155 4,785 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 75 35 40 965 435 530
English and non-official language 165 80 85 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 310 135 180 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 458,365 224,950 233,415 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 442,735 217,935 224,800 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,553 41,490 26,919 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 442,945 217,950 225,000 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,680 37,263 25,057 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,120 194,300 191,820 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,034 39,614 24,027 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 331,265 152,030 179,240 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,346 8,569 7,978 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 311,055 164,710 146,345 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,632 38,447 26,866 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 458,365 224,950 233,415 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 442,430 217,660 224,770 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,602 52,257 35,222 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 442,640 217,665 224,970 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,774 43,088 30,666 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,810 194,230 191,580 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,070 51,207 32,806 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 331,685 152,135 179,555 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,226 9,388 9,088 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 311,050 164,230 146,825 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,804 48,909 33,857 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 458,365 224,955 233,415 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 137,300 75,865 61,430 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,468 63,033 46,362 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,323 70,570 52,137 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.2 87.5 79.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.3 70.4 62.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.8 12.5 20.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 458,365 224,950 233,415 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 15,630 7,015 8,615 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 442,735 217,935 224,800 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.9 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 58,055 23,285 34,770 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 79,640 30,430 49,210 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 64,345 26,255 38,090 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 53,275 25,265 28,005 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 45,685 23,040 22,645 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 35,260 18,995 16,265 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 26,275 15,655 10,615 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 19,435 12,200 7,235 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 15,185 9,770 5,415 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 13,620 8,355 5,260 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 31,970 24,685 7,290 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 24,490 18,770 5,720 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,485 5,915 1,570 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 458,365 224,950 233,415 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 15,415 7,000 8,415 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 442,945 217,950 225,000 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.9 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,185 23,685 36,500 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 82,860 31,770 51,090 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 74,000 30,780 43,215 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 62,950 31,160 31,785 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 51,190 27,100 24,090 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 35,595 21,100 14,495 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 24,935 16,035 8,895 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 20,040 12,755 7,285 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 31,195 23,555 7,645 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 12,320 8,855 3,470 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 7,000 5,430 1,565 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,880 9,270 2,610 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 458,365 224,950 233,415 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 147,315 60,245 87,070 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 311,055 164,710 146,345 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.9 73.2 62.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 54,470 30,740 23,735 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 25,160 10,630 14,525 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 38,595 16,480 22,110 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 32,140 13,820 18,325 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 29,755 12,615 17,135 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 27,330 12,620 14,715 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 22,785 12,290 10,500 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 17,345 10,605 6,740 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 14,210 9,075 5,130 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 49,260 35,830 13,430 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 12,215 7,970 4,245 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,825 7,285 4,540 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 25,220 20,570 4,645 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,970 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 71,450 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,381 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,086 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 167,855 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,857 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,865 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,614 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,022 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 71,390 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,425 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,610 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 167,910 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,702 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,228 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 239,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,675 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,505 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,665 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,260 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,740 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,475 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,490 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,405 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,905 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,475 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,220 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,930 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,020 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,665 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,095 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 68,785 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,850 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,555 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,615 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,770 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 239,300 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,855 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,590 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,735 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,660 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,065 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,705 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,075 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,985 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,830 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,960 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,700 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,235 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,390 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,935 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,535 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,045 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,375 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,840 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,825 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 162,215 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,125 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,000 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 74,010 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,008 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,310 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 58,635 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,419 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,055 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 25,510 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,663 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,904 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 162,295 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,051 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,410 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 73,885 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,847 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,042 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 58,625 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,646 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,447 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 25,480 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,281 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,828 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,050 43,165 44,885 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,583 32,373 25,969 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,611 29,583 24,669 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 87,785 42,780 45,005 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,479 42,711 34,456 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,069 35,783 30,489 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 541,705 267,535 274,170 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 274,860 130,900 143,960 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 56,685 27,370 29,315 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 58,275 25,525 32,750 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 54,080 25,555 28,525 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 52,740 25,860 26,875 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 53,080 26,590 26,490 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 266,845 136,630 130,210 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 52,310 26,250 26,055 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 54,825 27,905 26,925 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 57,575 29,480 28,095 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 58,830 30,345 28,490 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 43,310 22,655 20,650 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 523,820 258,455 265,360 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 95,665 49,040 46,630 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 30,555 15,710 14,840 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 322,765 159,515 163,255 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 105,380 49,900 55,480 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 78,175 35,635 42,540 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 18,110 9,335 8,780 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,810 3,465 3,340 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 46,055 21,345 24,710 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 14,010 4,960 9,055 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 13.8 16.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 19.0 18.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 22.1 22.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.4 15.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.3 9.9 16.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,075 16,780 17,300 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 7,205 3,710 3,495 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,950 1,515 1,440 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 25,265 12,450 12,815 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,600 615 985 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.5 6.5 6.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.7 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.2 1.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 541,700 267,530 274,170 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 540,365 266,990 273,380 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 533,290 263,830 269,460 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 172,420 80,895 91,525 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 45,335 22,025 23,310 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10,330 4,955 5,375 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10,100 4,860 5,240 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,330 2,640 2,685 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 120 65 60 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 10 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 440 200 240 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 10 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 4,755 2,370 2,380 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 4,810 2,240 2,575 140 40 100
Algonquin 50 25 25 15 10 10
Ojibway 4,550 2,110 2,445 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 85 35 50 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 155 85 75 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 45 15 25 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 85 35 50 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 10 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 45 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,025 17,075 17,945 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,255 735 525 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 20 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 20 10 15 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 10 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,245 730 515 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 10 0 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,115 660 450 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 50 20 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 50 35 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 10 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 315 150 165 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 300 145 160 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 720 220 505 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 90 30 60 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 10 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 50 15 30 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 65 40 25 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 635 170 465 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 90 60 30 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 385 200 180 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 20 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 50 25 25 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 160 95 65 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 180 85 100 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 25,730 12,510 13,225 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 20 0 15 1,135 580 555
Armenian 10 10 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,955 1,815 2,140 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 210 115 95 635 310 325
Latvian 105 65 45 310 175 140
Lithuanian 100 55 45 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,755 1,705 2,055 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 20 15 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 30 25 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 630 280 350 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 260 130 125 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 20 20 0 345 180 160
Polish 1,370 580 790 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 390 155 240 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 155 85 70 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 130 85 45 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 40 85 725 330 400
Ukrainian 845 380 465 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 100 60 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 25 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 30 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 6,080 2,975 3,105 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 165 110 50 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 120 75 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,085 520 565 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 4,725 2,310 2,415 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 65 25 50 1,405 730 680
Swedish 130 55 70 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 20 15 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 470 235 230 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,065 1,085 975 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,865 985 885 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 145 70 70 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 455 255 190 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 980 525 460 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 50 25 25 1,275 650 625
Nepali 95 40 55 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 170 145 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 25 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 420 210 210 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 225 125 100 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 15 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 30 25 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 165 90 75 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 13,550 6,585 6,965 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 9,250 4,490 4,760 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 915 505 405 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 135 60 75 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,580 1,640 1,940 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 220 130 85
Japanese 185 85 100 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 280 145 140 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 465 285 175 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 55 30 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 25 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 70 35 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 35 20 15 265 125 140
Swahili 90 45 50 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 65 45 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 120 40 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 945 395 550 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 405 160 245 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 30 10 25 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 520 235 290 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,685 910 775 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,680 905 775 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 780 420 360 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 840 460 385 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85 85 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 35 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 30 25 10 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,385 1,585 1,800 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 165 90 85 495 205 295
Finnish 2,825 1,270 1,555 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 395 235 165 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 541,700 267,530 274,170 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 534,320 263,955 270,365 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,795 51,785 49,010 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 433,525 212,170 221,350 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,380 3,570 3,810 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 541,700 267,530 274,170 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 510,805 252,565 258,240 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,405 14,140 15,270 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 18,765 9,015 9,745 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,235 1,155 1,080 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 2,380 1,090 1,285 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 3,765 1,835 1,930 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 1,595 790 805 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,160 1,045 1,120 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,265 1,040 1,220 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,495 830 665 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,405 14,135 15,270 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,595 2,315 2,280 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,255 3,175 3,080 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,870 3,545 4,320 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,465 4,560 4,905 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,230 540 685 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,405 14,140 15,265 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,580 1,950 2,630 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 50 15 35 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 70 40 30 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 45 25 20 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 80 30 45 920 415 500
Haiti 45 25 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 305 140 165 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 155 45 115 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 45 10 40 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 105 60 45 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,130 1,325 1,805 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 550 245 305 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 18,850 9,260 9,595 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 35 25 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 325 150 175 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 290 125 165 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,450 1,190 1,270 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 235 125 110 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 320 195 125 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 150 90 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 4,520 2,275 2,245 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 775 445 330 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 735 290 440 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 515 280 240 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 155 85 70 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 165 55 105 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 80 35 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 165 65 95 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,975 2,330 2,640 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,820 1,390 1,435 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,145 645 500 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 65 35 35 430 270 150
Egypt 100 65 35 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 25 20 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 125 70 55 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 170 100 70 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 625 345 275 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 4,585 2,135 2,450 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 50 20 25 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 85 50 40 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 925 390 535 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 75 60 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,070 510 555 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 55 45 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 30 20 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 45 10 35 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 155 70 80 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 110 70 40 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 265 130 135 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 640 180 460 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 90 65 25 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 45 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 40 20 15 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 325 170 160 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 450 260 190 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 240 145 90 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,265 1,045 1,225 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 385 170 215 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 10 0 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 25 20 10 160 115 45
Mexico 20 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 230 105 130 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 80 30 45 1,855 875 975
Europe 255 115 145 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 20 10 10 545