Census Profile, 2016 Census
North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North East,
Ontario
[Health region, December 2017]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario  Map : North East, [Health region, December 2017], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 551,801 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 553,091 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.2 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 289,641 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.4 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 395,920.41 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 551,800 271,710 280,090 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 83,505 42,670 40,835 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 27,140 13,905 13,235 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 28,535 14,580 13,955 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 27,835 14,190 13,645 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 354,520 176,140 178,375 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 30,420 15,760 14,660 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 31,705 16,285 15,425 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 30,825 15,565 15,260 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 30,325 14,935 15,395 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 30,045 14,660 15,385 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 31,405 15,540 15,865 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 34,785 17,160 17,620 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 45,340 22,170 23,170 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 47,380 23,290 24,090 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 42,295 20,775 21,520 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 113,770 52,895 60,880 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 37,525 18,715 18,810 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 27,390 13,330 14,060 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 20,510 9,560 10,945 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 14,835 6,510 8,325 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 13,515 4,780 8,735 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 8,855 3,470 5,385 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 3,695 1,105 2,590 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 865 190 680 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 100 20 80 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 15.7 14.6 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 64.2 64.8 63.7 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 20.6 19.5 21.7 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.1 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 43.7 42.8 44.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 46.1 45.1 47.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 164,850 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,950 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 62,345 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,465 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 8,200 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,395 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 31,495 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,155 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 71,450 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 93,295 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 33,880 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 27,540 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,135 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 541,700 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 468,295 229,035 239,260 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 276,270 138,140 138,130 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 217,905 109,050 108,855 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 58,365 29,095 29,270 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 192,025 90,900 101,125 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 113,750 63,160 50,590 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 16,190 7,565 8,625 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 27,605 12,615 14,985 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 34,485 7,555 26,930 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 163,275 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 95,285 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 32,450 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 25,690 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,845 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 163,275 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 135,925 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 106,750 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 29,175 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 27,350 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 20,860 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 6,490 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,925 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 78,010 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 57,910 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 25,075 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 23,650 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 9,185 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 27,355 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 17,275 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 7,375 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 2,705 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 98,275 47,830 50,450 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 157,045 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 75,580 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 81,465 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,070 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 79,185 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 71,450 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,735 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 545,525 269,245 276,275 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 370,970 187,550 183,420 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 7,155 3,260 3,895 1,485 680 800
English and French 166,125 77,935 88,195 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 1,275 515 760 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 545,525 269,250 276,275 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 429,370 213,705 215,670 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 112,985 54,130 58,855 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 1,990 950 1,035 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 1,175 460 715 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 113,980 54,610 59,375 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 20.9 20.3 21.5 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 545,525 269,250 276,275 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 535,505 264,515 270,990 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 501,795 248,320 253,480 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 387,385 193,470 193,915 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 114,415 54,850 59,560 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 33,710 16,200 17,510 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 6,975 3,395 3,580 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 6,890 3,350 3,535 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 4,170 2,075 2,100 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 55 30 25 0 0 5
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 225 85 140 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 3,860 1,945 1,910 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 5 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,705 1,270 1,435 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 25 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,520 1,190 1,330 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 40 15 30 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 120 60 65 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 5 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 25 25 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,735 12,800 13,935 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 860 550 310 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 20 10 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 15 5 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 5 0 0 345 175 170
Somali 5 5 5 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 825 530 295 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 10 10 5 1,770 885 885
Arabic 750 490 260 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5 545 320 225
Maltese 25 15 10 40 20 25
Tigrigna 15 5 10 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 225 100 125 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 280 135 145
Vietnamese 220 100 115 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 590 160 435 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 35 5 25 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 390 170 220
Ilocano 35 15 25 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 25 10 15 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 125 360 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 150 70 85
Creole languages 25 15 10 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 270 140 135 1,565 825 735
Kannada 15 5 10 95 50 40
Malayalam 75 30 45 790 410 380
Tamil 90 50 40 480 255 230
Telugu 90 45 35 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 19,470 9,375 10,095 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 5 5 5 350 170 180
Armenian 20 10 10 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,945 1,780 2,160 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 200 100 100 165 65 95
Latvian 90 45 45 80 35 45
Lithuanian 110 55 55 85 35 45
Slavic languages 3,740 1,680 2,060 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 10 5 5 575 285 290
Bulgarian 35 15 15 140 70 65
Croatian 535 250 285 1,030 505 530
Czech 185 105 80 615 310 310
Macedonian 25 15 10 145 70 75
Polish 1,360 570 785 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 285 115 165 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 130 70 60 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 240 110 130
Slovak 125 65 60 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 65 80 270 130 140
Ukrainian 885 380 500 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 75 40 30
Celtic languages 35 10 20 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 50 25 20
Welsh 10 5 5 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 5,115 2,450 2,665 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 75 50 30 420 220 205
Danish 115 60 50 280 145 135
Dutch 875 440 440 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 15 10 10 55 30 25
German 3,865 1,820 2,045 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 0 0 5 475 210 260
Norwegian 30 15 20 115 45 65
Swedish 85 35 45 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 25 20 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 5 0 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 280 155 130 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 1,550 825 725 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,380 735 650 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 90 50 35 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 385 210 175 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 270 140 130 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 35 20 15
Marathi 15 10 5 135 80 50
Nepali 85 40 45 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 230 120 110 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 15 5 10 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 670 345 320
Urdu 255 135 115 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 165 90 75 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 10 5 0 415 210 200
Pashto 20 15 10 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 135 70 65 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 8,515 4,140 4,380 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 6,830 3,330 3,495 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 670 335 330 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 130 65 65 645 310 335
Spanish 875 395 480 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 15 5 10
Japanese 80 30 55 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 190 100 95 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 315 175 145 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 5 5 5 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 5 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 20 15 5 280 155 130
Lingala 15 5 10 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10 250 125 120
Shona 25 10 10 110 50 60
Swahili 30 20 15 870 420 455
Wolof 10 5 5 75 50 25
Yoruba 35 20 15 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 225 125 100
Sign languages 120 60 65 440 230 210
American Sign Language 45 15 25 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 35 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,440 690 750 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 1,435 685 745 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 580 275 300 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 0 5 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 665 315 350 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85 80 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 575 295 285
Burmese 5 0 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 5 5 5 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 35 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 0 5 875 445 430
Thai 40 10 30 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 40 25 15 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 30 20 15
Turkish 30 25 10 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 5 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 3,015 1,360 1,650 1,440 655 790
Estonian 170 75 90 30 10 15
Finnish 2,460 1,085 1,375 225 85 135
Hungarian 385 205 185 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 155 85 70
Multiple responses 10,020 4,730 5,285 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 7,125 3,360 3,765 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 2,585 1,230 1,360 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 185 90 95 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 120 50 70 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 545,525 269,250 276,275 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 533,885 263,865 270,020 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 522,490 258,420 264,065 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 456,520 227,315 229,205 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 65,965 31,105 34,860 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 11,400 5,445 5,955 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 3,005 1,545 1,460 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 2,970 1,525 1,440 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,085 1,075 1,010 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 5 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 75 35 40 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 1,995 1,035 965 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 875 450 430 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 800 405 390 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 65 35 30 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,390 3,895 4,490 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 430 270 165 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 20 5 10 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 5 10 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 410 260 150 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 5 0 0 1,045 520 525
Arabic 390 245 140 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 10 10 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 85 75 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 155 80 75 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 190 70 120 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 5 0 0 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 5 0 5 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 70 115 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 5 5 5 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 130 55 75 800 400 400
Kannada 5 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 35 10 25 405 195 205
Tamil 45 20 25 240 120 120
Telugu 45 20 25 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,605 2,550 3,060 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 5 155 80 75
Armenian 10 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 855 370 485 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 20 5 15 25 10 15
Latvian 10 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 10 0 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 830 360 470 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 0 5 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 15 5 5 65 30 30
Croatian 125 50 75 320 145 180
Czech 40 20 15 115 55 60
Macedonian 5 5 0 85 35 45
Polish 335 150 190 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 125 55 65 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 25 15 10 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 90 40 50
Slovak 15 5 10 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 55 20 30
Ukrainian 125 50 80 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,310 650 665 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 35 20 20 200 100 100
Danish 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dutch 65 25 40 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,190 595 600 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 15 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 105 50 50 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 850 445 405 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 760 395 360 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 40 25 20 690 390 305
Gujarati 245 130 110 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 140 70 75 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 10 5 5 40 25 20
Nepali 50 30 25 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 70 75 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 360 190 170
Urdu 120 65 60 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 80 45 40 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 5 5 0 275 135 140
Pashto 10 5 5 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 70 35 30 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 2,480 1,035 1,445 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 1,885 750 1,140 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 215 110 105 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 35 20 20 235 110 125
Spanish 335 160 170 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 10 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 115 60 55 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 55 30 30 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 5 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 55 50
Shona 5 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 5 5 5 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 180 95 85 560 310 255
American Sign Language 45 20 25 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 820 420 405 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 815 415 395 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 295 145 145 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 415 215 205 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 55 45 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 10 5 5 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 15 535 250 280
Lao 5 5 5 430 210 220
Thai 20 10 15 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 5 5 0 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 635 250 385 305 140 165
Estonian 20 5 15 0 0 0
Finnish 510 200 310 35 15 15
Hungarian 100 45 55 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 11,640 5,385 6,255 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 6,715 3,060 3,655 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 4,645 2,190 2,455 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 115 60 50 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 170 75 90 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 545,520 269,250 276,275 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 454,025 226,750 227,275 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 36,125 16,990 19,140 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 41,615 19,105 22,510 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 13,195 6,150 7,050 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 4,255 1,990 2,260 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 8,940 4,155 4,785 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 75 35 40 305 150 150
English and non-official language 165 80 85 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 310 135 180 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 458,365 224,950 233,415 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 442,735 217,935 224,800 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,553 41,490 26,919 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 442,945 217,950 225,000 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,680 37,263 25,057 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 386,120 194,300 191,820 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,034 39,614 24,027 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 331,265 152,030 179,240 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,346 8,569 7,978 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 311,055 164,710 146,345 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,632 38,447 26,866 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 458,365 224,950 233,415 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 442,430 217,660 224,770 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,602 52,257 35,222 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 442,640 217,665 224,970 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,774 43,088 30,666 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,810 194,230 191,580 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,070 51,207 32,806 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 331,685 152,135 179,555 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,226 9,388 9,088 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 311,050 164,230 146,825 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,804 48,909 33,857 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 458,365 224,955 233,415 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 137,300 75,865 61,430 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,468 63,033 46,362 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,323 70,570 52,137 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.2 87.5 79.4 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.3 70.4 62.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.8 12.5 20.6 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 458,365 224,950 233,415 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 15,630 7,015 8,615 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 442,735 217,935 224,800 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.9 96.3 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 58,055 23,285 34,770 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 79,640 30,430 49,210 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 64,345 26,255 38,090 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 53,275 25,265 28,005 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 45,685 23,040 22,645 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 35,260 18,995 16,265 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 26,275 15,655 10,615 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 19,435 12,200 7,235 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 15,185 9,770 5,415 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 13,620 8,355 5,260 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 31,970 24,685 7,290 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 24,490 18,770 5,720 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 7,485 5,915 1,570 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 458,365 224,950 233,415 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 15,415 7,000 8,415 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 442,945 217,950 225,000 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.9 96.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,185 23,685 36,500 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 82,860 31,770 51,090 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 74,000 30,780 43,215 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 62,950 31,160 31,785 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 51,190 27,100 24,090 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 35,595 21,100 14,495 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 24,935 16,035 8,895 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 20,040 12,755 7,285 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 31,195 23,555 7,645 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 12,320 8,855 3,470 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 7,000 5,430 1,565 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 11,880 9,270 2,610 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 458,365 224,950 233,415 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 147,315 60,245 87,070 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 311,055 164,710 146,345 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 67.9 73.2 62.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 54,470 30,740 23,735 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 25,160 10,630 14,525 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 38,595 16,480 22,110 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 32,140 13,820 18,325 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 29,755 12,615 17,135 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 27,330 12,620 14,715 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 22,785 12,290 10,500 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 17,345 10,605 6,740 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 14,210 9,075 5,130 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 49,260 35,830 13,430 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 12,215 7,970 4,245 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 11,825 7,285 4,540 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 25,220 20,570 4,645 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,970 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 71,450 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,381 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,086 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 167,855 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,857 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,865 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,614 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,022 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 71,390 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,425 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,610 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 167,910 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,702 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,228 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,675 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,505 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,665 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,260 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,740 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,475 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,490 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,405 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,905 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,475 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,220 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,930 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,020 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,665 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,095 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 68,785 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,850 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,555 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,615 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,770 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 239,300 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,855 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,590 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,735 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,660 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,065 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,705 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,075 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,985 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,830 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,960 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,700 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,235 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,390 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,935 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,535 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,045 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,375 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,840 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,825 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 162,215 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,125 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,000 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 74,010 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,008 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,310 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 58,635 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,419 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,055 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 25,510 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,663 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,904 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 162,295 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,051 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,410 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 73,885 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,847 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,042 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 58,625 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,646 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,447 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 25,480 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,281 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,828 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,050 43,165 44,885 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,583 32,373 25,969 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,611 29,583 24,669 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 87,785 42,780 45,005 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,479 42,711 34,456 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,069 35,783 30,489 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 541,705 267,535 274,170 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 274,860 130,900 143,960 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 56,685 27,370 29,315 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 58,275 25,525 32,750 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 54,080 25,555 28,525 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 52,740 25,860 26,875 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 53,080 26,590 26,490 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 266,845 136,630 130,210 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 52,310 26,250 26,055 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 54,825 27,905 26,925 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 57,575 29,480 28,095 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 58,830 30,345 28,490 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 43,310 22,655 20,650 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 523,820 258,455 265,360 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 95,665 49,040 46,630 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 30,555 15,710 14,840 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 322,765 159,515 163,255 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 105,380 49,900 55,480 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 78,175 35,635 42,540 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 18,110 9,335 8,780 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 6,810 3,465 3,340 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 46,055 21,345 24,710 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 14,010 4,960 9,055 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 13.8 16.0 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 19.0 18.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 22.1 22.5 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.4 15.1 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 13.3 9.9 16.3 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,075 16,780 17,300 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 7,205 3,710 3,495 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 2,950 1,515 1,440 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 25,265 12,450 12,815 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 1,600 615 985 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.5 6.5 6.5 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.6 7.5 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.7 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.2 1.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 541,700 267,530 274,170 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 540,365 266,990 273,380 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 533,290 263,830 269,460 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 172,420 80,895 91,525 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 45,335 22,025 23,310 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 10,330 4,955 5,375 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 10,100 4,860 5,240 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,330 2,640 2,685 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 120 65 60 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 10 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 85 25 55
Plains Cree 15 10 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 440 200 240 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 10 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 4,755 2,370 2,380 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 10 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 4,810 2,240 2,575 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 50 25 25 10 0 0
Ojibway 4,550 2,110 2,445 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 85 35 50 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 155 85 75 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 45 15 25 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 85 35 50 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 10 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 45 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,025 17,075 17,945 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,255 735 525 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 20 10 10 85 50 40
Kabyle 20 10 15 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 10 10 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 1,245 730 515 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 10 0 10 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 1,115 660 450 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 50 20 30 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 50 35 20 65 30 35
Tigrigna 10 10 10 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 315 150 165 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 335 185 150
Vietnamese 300 145 160 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 720 220 505 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 90 30 60 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 10 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 15 0 0 425 180 245
Ilocano 50 15 30 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 10 0 0 0 0
Malay 65 40 25 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 635 170 465 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 90 60 30 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 385 200 180 1,840 945 895
Kannada 20 10 10 175 95 80
Malayalam 50 25 25 830 400 430
Tamil 160 95 65 655 330 325
Telugu 180 85 100 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 25,730 12,510 13,225 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 20 0 15 390 195 195
Armenian 10 10 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 3,955 1,815 2,140 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 210 115 95 230 90 140
Latvian 105 65 45 115 45 70
Lithuanian 100 55 45 120 50 65
Slavic languages 3,755 1,705 2,055 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 20 15 0 835 405 430
Bulgarian 30 25 10 155 95 60
Croatian 630 280 350 1,595 765 825
Czech 260 130 125 735 335 395
Macedonian 20 20 0 140 75 60
Polish 1,370 580 790 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 390 155 240 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 155 85 70 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 190 75 115
Slovak 130 85 45 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 40 85 275 100 175
Ukrainian 845 380 465 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 70 35 30
Celtic languages 100 60 40 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 25 90 65 25
Welsh 20 10 10 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 30 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 6,080 2,975 3,105 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 165 110 50 715 330 385
Danish 120 75 45 270 120 150
Dutch 1,085 520 565 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 10 0 0 90 65 30
German 4,725 2,310 2,415 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 65 25 50 290 115 175
Swedish 130 55 70 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 270 120 155
Yiddish 20 15 10 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 470 235 230 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 2,065 1,085 975 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,865 985 885 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 145 70 70 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 455 255 190 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 980 525 460 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 10 40 30 10
Marathi 50 25 25 275 170 105
Nepali 95 40 55 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 170 145 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 25 10 920 500 420
Urdu 420 210 210 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 225 125 100 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 30 15 10 600 295 305
Pashto 30 25 10 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 165 90 75 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 13,550 6,585 6,965 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 9,250 4,490 4,760 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 915 505 405 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 135 60 75 785 395 390
Spanish 3,580 1,640 1,940 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 60 45 15
Japanese 185 85 100 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 280 145 140 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 465 285 175 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 55 30 20 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 230 110 120
Igbo 25 15 10 665 345 325
Lingala 70 35 35 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 20 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 305 155 155
Shona 35 20 15 250 110 140
Swahili 90 45 50 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 10 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 65 45 15 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 120 40 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 945 395 550 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 405 160 245 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 30 10 25 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 520 235 290 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,685 910 775 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 1,680 905 775 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 780 420 360 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 840 460 385 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 10 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85 85 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 1,565 730 835
Lao 0 10 10 1,120 520 600
Thai 30 10 20 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 35 15 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 50 25 30
Turkish 30 25 10 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 10 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 3,385 1,585 1,800 1,550 730 815
Estonian 165 90 85 45 20 25
Finnish 2,825 1,270 1,555 265 105 160
Hungarian 395 235 165 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 541,700 267,530 274,170 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 534,320 263,955 270,365 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,795 51,785 49,010 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 433,525 212,170 221,350 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,380 3,570 3,810 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 541,700 267,530 274,170 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 510,805 252,565 258,240 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,405 14,140 15,270 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 18,765 9,015 9,745 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 2,235 1,155 1,080 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 2,380 1,090 1,285 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 3,765 1,835 1,930 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 1,595 790 805 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 2,160 1,045 1,120 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,265 1,040 1,220 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,495 830 665 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,405 14,135 15,270 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 4,595 2,315 2,280 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 6,255 3,175 3,080 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 7,870 3,545 4,320 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 9,465 4,560 4,905 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 1,230 540 685 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,405 14,140 15,265 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 4,580 1,950 2,630 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 50 15 35 435 170 265
Colombia 70 40 30 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 45 25 20 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 80 30 45 1,135 515 620
Haiti 45 25 20 155 75 80
Jamaica 305 140 165 1,810 835 970
Mexico 155 45 115 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 45 10 40 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 105 60 45 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,130 1,325 1,805 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 550 245 305 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 18,850 9,260 9,595 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 35 25 1,055 530 525
Croatia 325 150 175 975 445 535
France 290 125 165 795 425 365
Germany 2,450 1,190 1,270 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 235 125 110 820 445 375
Hungary 320 195 125 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 150 90 650 310 340
Italy 4,520 2,275 2,245 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 775 445 330 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 735 290 440 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 515 280 240 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 155 85 70 720 345 375
Russian Federation 165 55 105 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 80 35 355 175 175
Ukraine 165 65 95 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,975 2,330 2,640 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 2,820 1,390 1,435 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 1,145 645 500 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 65 35 35 115 60 55
Egypt 100 65 35 980 525 455
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 20 10 10 935 470 465
Morocco 25 20 10 250 140 110
Nigeria 125 70 55 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 10 10 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 170 100 70 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 625 345 275 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 4,585 2,135 2,450 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 50 20 25 615 285 330
Bangladesh 85 50 40 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 925 390 535 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 75 60 1,460 715 735
India 1,070 510 555 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 55 45 1,180 655 530
Iraq 30 20 10 860 460 400
Japan 45 10 35 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 155 70 80 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 110 70 40 265 165 100
Pakistan 265 130 135 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 640 180 460 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 90 65 25 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 45 40 805 390 410
Taiwan 40 20 15 215 110 110
Viet Nam 325 170 160 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 450 260 190 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 240 145 90 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,265 1,045 1,225 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 385 170 215 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 10 0 10 100 35 65
Colombia 0 0 0 185 70 120
Cuba 10 0 10 75 25 55
Haiti 10 0 10 15 10 0
Jamaica 25 20 10 340 175 165
Mexico 20 10 10 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 230 105 130 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 80 30 45 1,490 640 850
Europe 255 115 145 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 0 0 0 135 70 75
Germany 10 0 10 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 160 85 70
Romania 20 10 10 70 30 35
Russian Federation 25 0 20 1,145 530 610